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					                                    CHAPTER ELEVEN

             ARTISTIC STYLES IN THE EMERGING MODERN WORLD



Discussion Questions

1.    Discuss the life and works of Ludovico Ariosto.




2.    Using specific works as examples, describe the characteristics of Renaissance
      architecture and its relationship to Classical architecture.




3.    Explain the circumstances and characteristics that are basic to the High Renaissance in
      Rome.




4.    Describe the characteristics of Renaissance music and how it differed from Medieval
      music.




5.    Describe the characteristics and qualities of Baroque style.
Multiple Choice Questions

6.     Which of the following represents a fundamental quality of Renaissance painting?
       a.    Frenetic composition
       b.    Deep space
       c.    Open composition
       d.    All of the above

7.     Masaccio’s The Tribute Money puts each character in the archaic linear stance.
       a.    True
       b.    False

8.     In comparing Botticelli’s Spring with Masaccio’s The Tribute Money, which of the
       following is the most accurate statement?
       a.     The Botticelli is more plastic
       b.     The Masaccio is more linear
       c.     The Botticelli is more linear
       d.     The Masaccio is more lyrical

9.     Ghiberti’s The Story of Jacob and Esau, from the Gates of Paradise utilize which method
       of execution?
       a.     Full round
       b.     Addition
       c.     Relief
       d.     Manipulation

10.    According to the text, the greatest masterpieces of fifteenth-century Italian sculpture
       came from what artist?
       a.     Ghiberti
       b.     Raphael
       c.     Leonaro da Vinci
       d.     Donatello

11.    Who wrote The Courtier?
       a.   Castiglione
       b.   Ariosto
       c.   Da Vinci
       d.   Michelangelo

12.    Who designed the dome of the Cathedral of Florence?
       a.    Ghiberti
       b.    Michelangelo
       c.    Brunelleschi
       d.    Donatello
13.   Which artist is known for the technique known as sfumato?
      a.    Da Vinci
      b.    Michelangelo
      c.    Raphael
      d.    Titian

14.   According to the text, what constitutes Leonardo da Vinci’s focus in the The Last
      Supper?
      a.    Architecture
      b.    Spirituality
      c.    Papal authority
      d.    Human figures

15.   The genius of the Sistine Chapel ceiling is that the figures all appear upright regardless of
      the angle from which they are viewed.
      a.     True
      b.     False

16.   According to Michelangelo, measurement was subordinate to what other value?
      a.    Emotion
      b.    Intellect
      c.    Judgment
      d.    All of the above

17.   The original architect of St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican was which of the following?
      a.     Bramante
      b.     Michelangelo
      c.     Della Porta
      d.     Fontana

18.   According to the text, Flemish painting changed because of the development of which
      medium?
      a.    Egg tempera
      b.    Acrylics
      c.    Oils
      d.    Watercolor

19.   Van Eyck’s painting The Arnolfini Marriage demonstrates which of the following
      qualities?
      a.      Restricted value range
      b.      Realistic appearance
      c.      Hard color edges
      d.      All of the above
20.   Albrecht Dürer used which of the following media for The Four Horsemen of the
      Apocalypse?
      a.     Etching
      b.     Oils
      c.     Woodcut
      d.     Intaglio

21.   According to the text, which of the following represents the reason why Shakespeare’s
      plays enjoy universality?
      a.     They deal with love.
      b.     They deal with history.
      c.     They probe emotion.
      d.     All of the above.

22.   Who wrote The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus?
      a.   Shakespeare
      b.   Marlowe
      c.   Palestrina
      d.   Johnson

23.   The Pope Marcellus Mass was written by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.
      a.    True
      b.    False

24.   The madrigal is discussed in the text as an example of what type of music?
      a.    Secular
      b.    Sacred
      c.    Word painting
      d.    Homophonic

25.   According to the text, the Ming Dynasty in China was particularly famous for what kind
      of artworks?
      a.     Architecture
      b.     Painting
      c.     Ceramics
      d.     Music

26.   Which of the following is characteristic of Indian Rajput style?
      a.    Limited treatments
      b.    Folk art quality
      c.    Deep space
      d.    All of the above

27.   The Taj Mahal was built by what ruler?
      a.     Gajahamurti
      b.     Shiva
      c.     Mumtaz Mahal
      d.     Shah Jahan
28.   According to the text, Hindu architecture is defiantly anti-Islamic.
      a.    True
      b.    False

29.   Which of the following describes the painting style of Tawayara Sotatsu?
      a.    Symmetry
      b.    Complex silhouettes
      c.    Gentility
      d.    Boldness

30.   Which of the following is a Japanese style of porcelain?
      a.    Araballus
      b.    Tokahatsu
      c.    Imari
      d.    Yokohama

31.   Which of the following tends to be the focus of Kabuki drama?
      a.    Plot
      b.    Character
      c.    Language
      d.    Climactic moment

32.   Which of the following is characteristic of Caravaggio’s The Calling of St. Matthew?
      a.    It is stylized.
      b.    It minimizes chiaroscuro.
      c.    It creates a dynamic moment.
      d.    All of the above

33.   Of the following, who is a Baroque sculptor?
      a.      Michelangelo
      b.      Donatello
      c.      Bernini
      d.      All of the above

34.   Which of the following is characteristic of the art of Peter Paul Rubens?
      a.    Miniaturization
      b.    Curvilinearity
      c.    Monochromaticism
      d.    All of the above

35.   The Palace of Versailles represents which of the following?
      a.     Absolutism
      b.     Louis XV
      c.     Catholic-Reformation Baroque
      d.     All of the above
36.   Who, of the following, may be classified as a “middle class artist”?
      a.    Rubens
      b.    Bernini
      c.    Rembrandt
      d.    All of the above

37.   Rembrandt’s The Night Watch explores Baroque style’s characteristic of a clearly
      motivated light source.
      a.     True
      b.     False

38.   Of the following composers, who is best known for his concertos?
      a.      Vivaldi
      b.      Bach
      c.      Handel
      d.      Palestrina

39.   Baroque music typically relies on which texture?
      a.    Monophony
      b.    Homophony
      c.    Sonority
      d.    Polyphony

40.   Who wrote the chorale on which the cantata Ein Feste Burg is unser Gott is based?
      a.   J. S. Bach
      b.   G. F. Handel
      c.   Martin Luther
      d.   Antonio Vivaldi

41.   Antoine Watteau’s Embarkation for Cythera exhibits which of the following
      characteristics?
      a.     Sentimentality
      b.     Idealization
      c.     Mythology
      d.     All of the above

42.   In comparison with previous styles in sculpture, Rococo sculpture tends to be which of
      the following?
      a.      Monumental
      b.      Refined
      c.      Intellectual
      d.      All of the above
43.   Which of the following best describes William Hogarth’s approach in The Rake’s
      Progress?
      a.    Satire
      b.    Genre
      c.    Baroque
      d.    All of the above

44.   Which of the following was a popular approach in the 18th century?
      a.    Landscape
      b.    Portraiture
      c.    Genre
      d.    All of the above

45.   Which of the following describes Chardin’s Menu de Gras?
      a.    It is a landscape.
      b.    It has a rich texture.
      c.    It lacks chiaroscuro.
      d.    It is stylized.

46.   Jacques Louis David is characteristic of what style?
      a.     Classical
      b.     Baroque
      c.     Rococo
      d.     Neo-classical

47.   According to the text, Thomas Jefferson’s architecture was highly influenced by whom?
      a.    Pirenesi
      b.    Laugier
      c.    David
      d.    Palladio

48.   Typically, the first movement of a classical symphony is in what form?
      a.     Binary
      b.     Sonata
      c.     Contrapuntal
      d.     All of the above

49.   Who composed “The Surprise Symphony”?
      a.    Haydn
      b.    Mozart
      c.    Beethoven
      d.    Bach

50.   Who composed “The Turkish Rondo”?
      a.    Haydn
      b.    Mozart
      c.    Beethoven
      d.    Bach
51.    In comparison to Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven’s symphonies may be classified how?
       a.    More dramatic
       b.    More Intellectual
       c.    Shorter
       d.    All of the above

52.    Oliver Goldsmith’s poetry can be compared in style with which painter?
       a.     David
       b.     Michelangelo
       c.     Chardin
       d.     Watteau



Fill in the blanks

53.    The 18th century writer/scholars who undertook to make the great ideas of human kind
       accessible to the masses were the ____________________________________________.

54.    The literary satire titled “A Modest Proposal” as written by _______________________.

55.    “An Essay on Man” was written by __________________________________________.

56.    The period from approximately 1400 to 1527 that was seen as a rebirth of understanding
       after the Middle Ages is called the ___________________________________________.

57.    The period between 1495 and 1527 captivated by the genius of Leonardo da Vinci,
       Michelangelo, and Raphael is called the _______________________________________.

58.    A musical technique in which the music attempts to enhance the meaning and emotion of
       a written text is called _____________________________________________________.

59.    The most important rite of the Roman Catholic liturgy and a musical form reflecting its
       parts is the ______________________.

60.    A musical setting of lyric poetry for four or five voices is a _______________________.

61.    Music written to illustrate an external idea is ___________________________________.

62.    Music that presents purely musical ideas is ____________________________________.

63.    An eighteenth century style typified by intricacy, grace, charm, and delicacy is ________.

64.    The hazy appearance used by Flemish painters to indicate deep space is _____________.

65.    “To sleep, perchance to dream” is from a soliloquy spoken by _____________________.
Chapter Ten—Artistic Styles in the Emerging Modern World

ANSWER SHEET


6.    b.    Deep space                      27.   d.       Shah Jahan

7.    b.    False                           28.   a.       True

8.    b.    The Botticelli is more linear   29.   d.       Boldness

9.    c.    Relief                          30.   c.       Imari

10.   c.    Donatello                       31.   d.       Climactic moment

11.   a.    Castiglione                     32.   c.       It creates a dynamic moment

12.   c.    Brunelleschi                    33.   c.       Bernini

13.   a.    Da Vinci                        34.   b.       Curvilinearity

14.   d.    Human figures                   35.   a.       Absolutism

15.   b.    False                           36.   c.       Rembrandt

16.   c.    Judgment                        37.   b.       False

17.   a.    Bramante                        38.   a.       Vivaldi

18.   c.    Oils                            39.   d.       Polyphony

19.   a.    Realistic appearance            40.   c.       Martin Luther

20.   a.    Woodcut                         41.   d.       All of the above

21.   c.    They probe emotion.             42.   b.       Refined

22.   a.    Marlowe                         43.   a.       Satire

23.   a.    True                            44.   d.       All of the above

24.   a.    secular                         45.   b.       It has a rich texture

25.   c.    ceramics                        46.   d.       Neo-classical

26.   b.    Folk art quality                47.   d.       Palladio
48.   b.       Sonata

49.   a.       Haydn

50.   b.       Mozart

51.   a.       More dramatic

52.   c.       Chardin

53.   Philosophes

54.   Jonathan Swift

55.   Alexander Pope

56.   Renaissance

57.   High Renaissance

58.   Word painting

59.   Mass

60.   Madrigal

61.   Program music

62.   Absolute music

63.   Rococo style

64.   Atmospheric perspective

65.   Hamlet

				
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