CLIPS REPORT by wuyunyi

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 67

									                               CLIPS REPORT
 Clips Report is a selection of lo cal, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri
 and higher edu cation, compiled by UM System University Communications as a service fo r UM System
 officials. The report may in clude articles dealing with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher
 education trends and other significant topics affecting the University.

 The articles are not screened for accu racy, b alan ce of favorable and unfavorable reports, or
 representation of campuses, University Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from
 Columbia newspapers, are written by students. The report is not an effort to measure the University‘s
 public info rmation effo rts.


                                                June 20, 2008


UM System working to boost involvement in emergency notification plan, 1
Police Chief to become the manager of hospital security at UMHC, 3
MU closes fall 2008 enrollment, 4
MU announces new research chancellor, 10
Ethanol policy boosts food costs, study finds, 12
Math professors hear response from the state on education standards, 14
MU professor straddles intersection of law, journalism, 16
Missourian mulls return to solvency, 17
Cutting MU‘s energy bill, 19
MU extension official speaks about energy, innovation, 21
Large animal vet loan program soon to take effect, 22
Ewe‘s diet can set lamb‘s sex, scientist says, 24
Express Scripts to buy pharmacy benefit unit of Medical Services Co., 26
A science camp for teachers, 27
McCain talks energy at MSU, 28
New Cole County museum curator will also serve at LU, 31
State Fair compresses student class schedules, 32
Three Rivers drops suit against SEMO, 33
Nixon, Blunt and GOP spar over Friday MOHELA comments, 34
College savings plan to offer scholarships, 38
Fund raisers get tips on making ‗the ask‘, 39
Proposed federal regulations would ease up on college‘s responsibilities under disability law, 41
Tales of the reconstruction: Can reorganization save the AAUP?, 43
Short and sweet: Technology shrinks the lecture, 45
Kennedy urges community colleges to enroll in direct-loan program, 48
Commentary: Student workers can learn more on the job, 49
New SAT is about the same as the old one, college board finds, 51
A new model for returning foreign students raises interest and questions, 53
Science fraud at universities is common—and commonly ignored, 56
State budgets are weakening, and the worst may be yet to come, 58
The next satellite campus may be on satellite radio, 60
Lenders say department‘s threshold for ‗last resort‘ relief is too high, 62
Pell grant and NIH would get increases in House spending bill for 2009, 64
Subcommittees debate proposal to bring international students to U.S., 66
Columbia Missourian
UM System working to boost involvement in telephone emergency notification plan
By MICHAEL SEWALL
Monday, June 16, 2008

The University of Missouri System will try the direct approach in August to get more students, faculty
and staff to enroll in the campus emergency notification system.

The alert system notifies subscribers of natural disasters and campuswide emergencies via cell phone
calls and text messages. It was installed Dec. 3 and tested in November 2007.

As of June 6, less than a third of MU faculty and staff have signed up for cell phone calls and 15
percent for text messages. The most current numbers available for MU student subscriptions in the
program are from April, when 20 percent of students had subscribed for phone calls and 8 percent for
texts.

Terry Robb, MU‘s Department of Information Technology director, said starting in the fall semester,
students, faculty and staff will be able to sign up for the emergency notification via myZou, MU‘s
online student information application, at the start of each semester. He said the first time someone
opens myZou each semester, a page will first offer them the option of choosing whether to enlist in
the program, along with providing contact information if they would like to sign up. The system used
now requires enrollment on a separate page in myZou.

―I suspect our numbers will go up,‖ Robb said. ―Most schools that have implemented this kind of plan
have seen better turnout.‖

Although the new approach could boost numbers, Robb said students are still wary of volunteering
their contact information.

―We need to assure the students that we‘re not using the info for anything other than mass
notification,‖ he said.

Robb said advertising and mass mail have not been effective.

―If the student is unaware of the mass notification system or just hasn‘t gotten around to entering data,
this is a method whereby we know they‘ve been given a chance to participate,‖ Robb said.

Missouri Students Association President Jim Kelley said the new approach is the result of meetings
with student, campus and university system leaders. Discussion of this type of solution has been going
on since low enrollment rates became apparent.

―I think everyone involved with the institution (the UM system) wants to make sure students are safe,
and so this wasn‘t really a question of ‗if,‘ but rather ‗when,‘‖ said Kelley, referring to when the
enhanced enrollment plan would take effect.

UM System spokeswoman Jennifer Hollingshead said the discussion reached the system level because
of concern over low student enrollment systemwide. The other campuses in the UM system are also
experiencing lower-than-expected subscription rates.

Although the new plan should increase subscription rates, it still leaves open the option of saying no.
Requiring enrollment wasn‘t the best choice, Robb said.


                                                                                                          1
―Requiring data entry is too harsh an approach,‖ Robb said, pointing out that some students, faculty
and staff don‘t have cell phones.

Kelley said the new enrollment system should provide for a safer campus while still affording the
choice of whether to subscribe.

―I‗m confident that we‘ll make all students safer through this enhanced enrollment, and that‘s the
goal,‖ he said in an e-mail. ―We‘d also like to provide students with some flexibility. This plan allows us
to achieve both while still fulfilling our responsibility to enhance safety and communication in an
emergency.‖

David Reilly, MU‘s senior coordinator of new student programs, said Summer Welcome leaders are
encouraging incoming freshmen to sign up during their visits to campus at three different points: after
the morning registration, during small group sessions and at evening information sessions for parents
regarding campus safety and emergency preparedness.

Summer Welcome for freshmen began June 10 and will continue through July 10.




                                                                                                         2
Columbia Daily Tribune
Police captain named interim chief
By SARA SEMELKA
Friday, June 13, 2008

A 24-year veteran of the Columbia Police Department this morning was appointed interim police chief and
will lead the department when Chief Randy Boehm leaves July 1 to become the manager of hospital security
for University of Missouri Health Care.

Capt. Tom Dresner will receive a salary of $79,965 at his new post, effective July 2.

City Manager Bill Watkins this morning said Dresner has the right skills to lead the department in "this time
of transition."

"I think he was my choice for a number of reasons. Fairly or unfairly, Tom‘s moving up to police chief will
cause the least disruption within the department. Secondly, I think we‘ve seen some of Tom‘s leadership
ability with the Nazi issue," Watkins said, referring to the neo-Nazi parade through downtown in March of
last year. "Tom was the acting chief during all that, and I thought he did an excellent job."

Watkins said the fact that Dresner, commander of the department‘s administrative support division, is the
most senior captain in the department also played a part in the decision. Both Patrol Division Commander
Stephen Monticelli and Zim Schwartze, community operations commander, have 16 years of experience,
and Investigative Commander Brad Nelson has been with the department for 15 years.

Dresner was named captain in 1998. His duties include supervision of all support services for 152 officers
and command of all computer operations, the evidence unit, fleet operations and the department‘s $17
million budget.

Dresner, who was unavailable for comment this morning, is also in charge of the SWAT team.
Many of the captain‘s duties will be delegated among the department, Watkins said.

"Much of" those responsibilities "will be pushed down," he said.

Dresner‘s appointment comes at the end of a turbulent week of violent crime. The first homicide of the
year took place on Tuesday with the shooting death of Nathaniel Bentley, 22. The alleged trigger man,
Damon A. Williams, was arrested at a local motel yesterday after an hourlong standoff. Last night, police
temporarily closed Douglass Park after fights that drew large crowds sent two stabbing victims to the
hospital.

Dresner will lead the department as it investigates these violent crimes while Watkins spearheads the search
for a new permanent chief to replace Boehm, who makes $103,572 annually.

"I have selected a search committee to help me search for the next police chief," he said. "There are 17
members, and it‘s a very diverse, broadly representative group."

Watkins said city staffers have prepared a request for proposals for recruitment firms. Watkins and the
committee will review the responses in early July and decide which firm will assist the city in the search.

"We‘re looking to have the new police chief certainly named, potentially on board, by Jan. 1," Watkins said.
"That‘s about 6½ months. I think that‘s a reasonable time frame."




                                                                                                              3
Columbia Missourian
High enrollment numbers could trouble faculty in the future
By MICHAEL SEWALL
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

COLUMBIA — The more students there are, the more faculty is necessary. That could be a problem
at MU if record enrollment trends continue.

On Monday, MU closed admissions for incoming freshmen. Preliminary figures show more than 5,860
freshmen have paid the initial enrollment deposit for the Fall semester. Last year‘s official freshman
enrollment, determined on the 20th day of classes, was 4,982.

―There is a critical point where you have reached the maximum number of students you can offer a
quality education to with the resources you have,‖ MU News Bureau Associate Director Christian Basi
said. ―We realized we were at that point.‖

Basi said the university is ―in really good shape‖ in regard to classroom space, housing, available faculty
and other aspects of providing educational services to students, but any more students could
compromise that quality.

MU Faculty Council Chairman Frank Schmidt said there should be enough faculty to accommodate
the increase in students, but there are current and future issues the university will face.

―You only have so many seats and so many lecture halls for first-year courses and you can‘t have
students sitting in the aisle,‖ Schmidt said. ―We have to maintain a quality experience. Sometimes
quality and quantity don‘t mesh.‖

Schmidt said adding faculty in the next few years will be vital to ensure quality education, especially if
enrollment numbers continue to rise. Increasing faculty could be difficult though, because of Compete
Missouri, a plan for administrators to reallocate $7 million from the university‘s operating budget to
raise faculty salaries. The plan also includes a strategic hiring process, in which the university will leave
many vacant positions unfilled and hire only where necessary.

―Compete Missouri is not something we decided we really wanted to do, it was something forced on
us by the legislature‘s miserable funding since 2001,‖ Schmidt said. ―If it were decided that we would
add no new faculty, period, that would be very bad. More faculty are going to be essential to meet the
needs of more students.‖

MU Residential Life has also had to plan around the record number of freshmen. Cramer Hall was
reopened for use as a residence hall instead of as office space, and Campus Lodge and Campus View
apartment complexes will provide extended campus space next year. Residential Life Director Frankie
Minor said he doesn‘t expect any problems with space for housing in 2009. A campuswide
construction plan is in effect, and will provide extra space in 2009 that isn‘t available this academic
year. New residence halls located in the middle of campus should open 527 beds, Minor said, and
Graham and Defoe halls will also reopen with an additional 307 beds. In December 2008, Hudson
Hall will close, and Gillette Hall will close a year later.

Minor said he is examining enrollment numbers to determine whether the trend will continue.




                                                                                                            4
―Is this the start of a new trend or is this just an anomaly? If it‘s the start of a new trend then we‘ll
have to be much more strategic in how we accommodate that,‖ Minor said. ―It may cause us to
examine some of our housing policies for the next academic year.‖
Minor said some universities facing large enrollment numbers have had to restrict the number of
returning students that can live in the residence halls, and choose those who do by a lottery system or
other merit systems like campus involvement, GPA or other factors.

―It‘s really too early for us to tell whether we‘re going to need to [change housing policies] and
secondly what strategies we might use,‖ Minor said. ―But certainly if this looks like the start of a new
trend for higher numbers of students coming here, we‘re going to have to do some long-range
planning to figure out how we can best accommodate them.‖

Ann Korschgen, MU‘s vice provost for enrollment management, said she doesn‘t anticipate any
changes in the admissions process, but that enrollment is being watched closely.

―We‘ll certainly begin monitoring the numbers and act accordingly,‖ Korschgen said.

Although higher enrollment numbers could affect housing, classroom space and faculty-to-student
ratios, Korschgen said she doesn‘t foresee any stricter requirements to enroll at MU.

―We‘re very pleased with the quality and diversity of the students currently applying to MU,‖ she said.
―We want to continue a good thing.‖

Ultimately though, the MU faculty decides the admissions requirements, Korschgen said.

Schmidt said heightening requirements to enroll at MU isn‘t the solution, but increasing faculty would
help.

―The problem with stricter admission requirements is that it can have the opposite effect of decreasing
enrollment,‖ he said, noting a failed attempt at doing so in the 1980s. ―Because admissions
requirements were higher, MU became seen as a more high quality institution and we got more
applicants.‖

Admissions are closed only to incoming freshmen. Korschgen said about 80 to 100 students usually
apply between May and August, and about 80 percent enroll. Transfer students may still apply.

Columbia Missourian
MU closes fall 2008 enrollment
MU has already received a record number of applicants.
By WHITNEY GRAY
Saturday, June 14, 2008

COLUMBIA— MU officials said Friday that effective Monday, the university will no longer accept
freshman applications for the fall.

With a record number of freshmen already admitted, MU is full.

According to officials, stopping acceptance of freshman applications is the best way to ensure quality
in education, services and housing.

MU Chancellor Brady Deaton said this decision is in the best interest of the students, both already
accepted and not able to apply.


                                                                                                            5
―We want to assure that every student receives the best possible educational experience at Mizzou,‖
Deaton said.
Deaton said they will be ―making every effort to admit additional students for the spring 2009
semester.‖

According to the MU News Bureau, figures show more than 5,860 freshman have paid an initial
enrollment deposit for the fall semester. The official enrollment number isn‘t determined until after the
20th day of classes, but if the current figure remains the same, this will be MU‘s largest freshman class.

MU News Bureau Associate Director Christian Basi said, ―We are closing admissions as of Monday ...
and the applicants whose applications we have received prior to June 16 are not affected by this
decision.‖

―Their applications will still be evaluated, and if they meet the requirements, they will be accepted into
the university.‖

According to MU officials, the incoming freshman enrollment increase may be a result of the
university‘s successful student recruitment practices, MU‘s academic reputation, renovations of the
campus facilities and grounds and the recent success of the MU football program.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU sees a record enrollment
University’s acceptance deadline draws near.
By ABRAHAM MAHSHIE
Saturday, June 14, 2008

The admissions office at the University of Missouri has decided to halt the flood of applications for
the fall semester that already indicate a record class size.

"We were still getting them in daily," said Mary Jo Banken, head of the MU News Bureau. She said the
official campus application deadline was May 15, but the school traditionally continues to accept and
review applications until the first day of class in August.

University officials decided yesterday that tomorrow will be the last chance to submit an application
online. MU figures show that 5,860 freshman have paid the initial enrollment deposit. If that number
does not change, it would represent the largest class by more than 850 students.

"We want to assure that every student receives the best possible educational experience at Mizzou. In
order to do that, we felt it was in their best interests to stop accepting applications for this fall," MU
Chancellor Brady Deaton said in a prepared statement.

MU‘s opening day freshman enrollment last year was 5,027. The official enrollment, determined after
the 20th day of classes, dropped by 45 to 4,982.

"It is so important to the chancellor and everyone else here that we do not compromise our quality,"
Banken said. "With the decreasing state appropriations and with our rise in enrollment, our enrollment
officials started looking at issues like classroom space, hiring faculty and housing."

Housing the students has already resulted in MU officials keeping open a dormitory that had been
scheduled to close, providing room for some 200 beds. In addition, MU is contracting with Campus
View and Campus Lodge apartments to provide space for an additional 700 students.


                                                                                                             6
"We‘re not calling it ‗off-campus‘; we‘re calling it ‗extended campus,‘ " Banken said of housing at the
apartment complexes, which she estimated are two to four miles from the campus center and will be
provided with free shuttle service.

In an effort to replicate the same living communities available to freshmen living on the main campus,
Banken said, popular Freshman Interest Groups will be created at the two apartment complexes. The
complexes will be known as Mizzou Quads at Campus View and Tiger Diggs at Campus Lodge.

MU officials attribute the rise in applications to successful student recruitment practices, the academic
reputation of the university, improvement in campus facilities and grounds, and increased recognition
of MU through national football success.

Banken said any applications already received by the university and those in the computer system still
will be evaluated.

"It those students qualify for admission, they will be accepted," she said.

Columbia Daily Tribune
University of Missouri-Columbia stops taking applications
The Associated Press
Friday, June 13, 2008

COLUMBIA, Mo. (AP) -- With enrollment for the fall semester already at record levels, the University
of Missouri-Columbia has decided to stop taking admissions applications from freshmen.

Already 5,860 freshmen have paid the initial enrollment deposit, which would be the largest freshmen
class by more than 850 students.

Freshmen enrollment in the fall of last year was 5,027. The official enrollment, determined after the
20th day of classes, dropped by 45 to 4,982.

University officials set a 7 a.m. Monday deadline for accepting any more applications. The official
campus application deadline was May 15, but the school traditionally ignores that deadline and reviews
applications until the first day of class in August.

"We were still getting them in daily," said Mary Jo Banken, head of the Missouri News Bureau.
Chancellor Brady Deaton said it was in the best interest of the incoming class to stop accepting
applications.

"We want to assure that every student receives the best possible educational experience at Mizzou,"
Deaton said in a prepared statement.

"With the decreasing state appropriations and with our rise in enrollment, our enrollment officials
started looking at issues like classroom space, hiring faculty and housing," Banken said.

The large enrollment has already prompted the university to keep open a dormitory that had been
scheduled to close. And the university is contracting with Campus View and Campus Lodge
apartments to provide space for another 700 students.

"We're not calling it 'off-campus'; we're calling it 'extended campus,'" Banken said.



                                                                                                          7
The apartments are about two to four miles from the campus center and students will be provided
with free shuttle service.

Also, popular Freshman Interest Groups will be operated at the two apartment complexes, Banken
said. The complexes will be known as Mizzou Quads at Campus View and Tiger Diggs at Campus
Lodge.

University officials attribute the rise in applications to successful student recruitment practices, the
academic reputation of the university, improvement in campus facilities and grounds, and increased
recognition of Missouri because the football team's success last year.

Banken said any applications already received by the university and those in the computer system still
will be evaluated.

"It those students qualify for admission, they will be accepted," she said.

The Kansas City Star
MU will stop accepting freshman application on Monday
By MARA ROSE WILLIAMS
Friday, June 13, 2008

Procrastinators will have no place at the University of Missouri this fall.

The incoming freshman class is so big, the dorms and classrooms on the Columbia campus are
booked. So university officials have set a deadline for applicants hoping to enroll in August — 7:30
a.m. Monday.

That‘s when the school‘s online application form will disappear.

This is the first time MU has ever had to cut off freshman applications. (And no, neither the University
of Kansas nor Kansas State University has ever been pushed to this point.)

Applications will still be processed for students who applied earlier but have not heard whether they‘ve
been accepted, said Ann Korschgen, vice provost for enrollment management.

The university is still accepting applications for the fall from students transferring from other schools,
as well as applications for enrollment in spring or summer 2009.

More than 5,860 potential freshmen have paid the initial enrollment deposit for the fall. If the number
does not change, it would be the biggest freshman class on record. Last year‘s opening-day freshman
enrollment was 5,027.

Chancellor Brady Deaton said MU is ―very pleased and excited‖ that so many students want to attend
the Columbia campus.

But to ensure that students have a good educational experience, he said, ―we felt it was in their best
interest to stop accepting applications for this fall.‖

The decision to halt applications was made after Deaton and Korschgen met with school deans earlier
this week.




                                                                                                             8
―We are right at capacity, so we thought, why push it?‖ Korschgen said. ―There‘s no reason to pass the
tipping point.‖

MU suggests Dec. 1 as the best time for students looking for scholarships to get their applications in.
And on the books, May 1 is the deadline for all applications, but that deadline is never enforced,
Korschgen said.

The university typically receives 70 to 80 applications after June 15, she said. About 80 percent of
those students end up attending.

Korschgen attributes the increase in freshman enrollment this year to expanded recruiting, new
residence halls, a state-of-the-art recreation center and a winning football program.

The large size of graduating high school classes across the country also was a factor, she said.

Interest in MU has come from both in-state and out-of-state students. The number of out-of-state
freshmen who have paid an enrollment deposit is up 41 percent. A substantial number of those
students come from Illinois and Texas, where this year MU had recruiters for the first time.

―It has been a challenge, with decreased percentage in state appropriations, to accommodate all these
students,‖ said Mary Jo Banken, university spokeswoman.

―We are hiring more faculty and finding more class space as best we can. It‘s a good challenge to
have.‖

The university stopped taking applications for dorm rooms on June 1. But when university officials
learned they could have their largest freshman class ever, plans to convert a residence hall to office
space were ditched, and two off-campus apartment complexes, with space for 724 students, were
leased.

Both Campus Lodge Apartments and Campus View Apartments are fairly close to campus. Freshmen
who live there will be eligible for the campus meal plan and have access to campus shuttles.

―We are hoping their freshman experience at MU won‘t be different from those freshmen living on
campus in residence halls,‖ Banken said.

For those students who have waited too long, Korschgen suggests they apply for a later session ―or
look at one of the other fine institutions in the state.‖




                                                                                                          9
Columbia Tribune
MU announces new research chancellor
Published on columbiatribune.com
Thursday, June 19, 2008

The University of Missouri today announced Robert Duncan is the new vice chancellor for research,
effective Sept. 1. Duncan, 49, comes to MU from the New Mexico Consortium, where he was chief
operating officer. Duncan will return to his home state of Missouri to head up research activities across
campus.

At the New Mexico Consortium, Duncan helped build scientific connections around the world for the
state of New Mexico. He also has worked at the University of New Mexico as a professor of physics
and astronomy; an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering; and as dean for research
in the College of Arts and Sciences.

Duncan will earn $195,000 at MU and replace Jim Coleman, who left MU in September to become
vice provost for research at Rice University in Houston.

Columbia Missourian
New vice chancellor of research named
Katie Drexler
Friday, June 20, 2008

Robert Duncan has been named the new vice chancellor of research for MU. He will succeed former
Vice Chancellor Jim Coleman, who left last year to become the vice provost of research at Rice
University in Houston. Duncan will receive an annual salary of $195,000.
Duncan, 49, is currently the chief operating officer of the New Mexico Consortium, a group of three
New Mexico universities that work together on grant-funded research.
―It‘s wonderful to be back,‖ said Duncan, who was born and raised in St. Joseph and left in 1978 to
attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
He graduated with a bachelor‘s degree in physics from MIT in 1982. He then received his doctorate in
physics from the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is an expert in low temperature physics
and has done research for NASA.
Duncan also enjoys teaching. ―As a faculty member, the best thing is seeing your students themselves
excel, and one thing that is critical is for students to experience the thrill of innovation and discovery in
their research,‖ he said.
―This is a big loss for us,‖ said Bernd Bassalleck, chairman of the physics and astronomy department at
the University of New Mexico. ―He is a highly respected experimentalist, and he loves to teach
introductory physics and he is very good at it,‖
Duncan also said he looks forward to working with the faculty at MU. ―I‘m very enthusiastic about
working with them; they are a great group of people — just an outstanding faculty.‖
The vice chancellor of research provides leadership for MU‘s research endeavours. Last year MU
received the highest amount of outside funding for research in its history with $189 million, according
to a news release.
Duncan said he hopes to continue this promising trend.




                                                                                                         10
―Research is a key component of economic development for the university, the community and the
state,‖ MU Provost Brian Foster said in a press release issued Thursday.
The Office of Research oversees the Division of Sponsored Programs, Office of Technology
Management and Industry Relations, Office of Animal Research and nine other research centers on
campus.
Rob Hall has been serving as the interim vice chancellor of research since September, in addition to his
position as the director of compliance.
Columbia Daily Tribune
MU announces new research chancellor
Thursday, June 19, 2008

The University of Missouri today announced Robert Duncan is the new vice chancellor for research,
effective Sept. 1. Duncan, 49, comes to MU from the New Mexico Consortium, where he was chief
operating officer. Duncan will return to his home state of Missouri to head up research activities across
campus.

At the New Mexico Consortium, Duncan helped build scientific connections around the world for the
state of New Mexico. He also has worked at the University of New Mexico as a professor of physics
and astronomy; an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering; and as dean for research
in the College of Arts and Sciences.

Duncan will earn $195,000 at MU and replace Jim Coleman, who left MU in September to become
vice provost for research at Rice University in Houston.




                                                                                                      11
Columbia Daily Tribune
Ethanol policy boosts food costs, study finds
By T.J. GREANEY
Wednesday, June 18, 2008

A new study by the University of Missouri’s Food and Agriculture Policy Research Institute shows
that in biofuels, federal policy is the puppet master with power to manipulate the economy with
market interventions such as subsidies, tariffs and mandates.

"Federal involvement in agriculture has waxed and waned over the decades, and the nature of the
involvement has changed," said Pat Westhoff, co-director of FAPRI. "Most of our basic crop and
livestock support measures today have less impact" than in past decades, but "biofuel policies are
much more important now than even three years ago."

A new report co-authored by Westhoff and other MU researchers puts biofuel policy on center stage.
It predicts that between 2011 and 2017, corn prices will rise 16 percent more than they would in a
purely free-market economy without ethanol tariffs or tax credits for ethanol producers.

The higher costs of corn, soybeans and other commodities will result in a net farm income that is $7.5
billion higher each year than it would be with no government interference, the FAPRI report suggests.

But those same costs will hit consumers at the grocery store. When shoppers buy things like grain,
vegetable oil, beef and pork, they will pay an average of $4.7 billion - or 0.5 percent - more each year
than they would in a world without the market intervention, FAPRI predicts.

Politicians have shown no appetite to change current policies. In May, Congress passed a federal farm
bill that extends a 54-cent-per-gallon tariff on most foreign ethanol through 2010. That means cheap,
sugar-based ethanol from places like Brazil is effectively kept off the U.S. market. At the same time,
the bill includes a 45-cents-per-gallon tax credit for domestic blended ethanol.

The net result is that ethanol is more attractive than it otherwise would be and corn is more expensive,
the report says. Advocates say the measures are needed to help encourage next generation biofuel
advances.

"It‘s always been very difficult for any new alternative fuel to compete with petroleum," said John
Urbanchuk, a Pennsylvania-based expert on biofuels who examined the FAPRI study, "because the
costs of developing the technology are really high. That‘s why it‘s important to maintain these
incentives. They have a more strategic value - for advancement in technology in the next generation."

Others aren‘t so sure. Ken Disselhorst is a cattle farmer in Palmyra just north of Hannibal who serves
as the field representative for the Missouri Cattlemen‘s Association. He said corn prices have nearly
doubled in the past year, and some of that increase is now being passed onto beef consumers.

"We live in a free-market system, and the market should dictate" how much ethanol we use, he said.
"Where it gets messed up is when the government starts putting mandates, like the mandate" requiring
the production of 15 billion gallons of ethanol by 2015. "That concerns us," he said of cattlemen.

Westhoff of FAPRI doesn‘t take sides on the issue. He and his co-authors took into account 500
"random draw" scenarios to determine the most likely outcomes in upcoming years. They factored in
everything from a possible record harvest and dirt-cheap gasoline to a drought and sky-high gas prices
to make their predictions.



                                                                                                           12
After using those, they evaluated 13 different policy choices the federal government could make, such
as eliminating ethanol tax credits or eliminating tariffs. He saw major swings in prices of ethanol, corn
and other foods. "They have large distributional effects. Some people win and some people lose," said
Westhoff of the market intervention. "There are some reasons people like these, and then you can talk
to people who certainly have reasons for not liking them."

Westhoff said rising food prices around the world can‘t all be laid at the feet of ethanol. "Ethanol is
part of the story and an important part of the story but it‘s not the whole story," he said.

The weak U.S. dollar, poor harvests last year in Canada and Europe and increased demand in Asia all
conspired to drive up the price of corn last year, Westhoff said.




                                                                                                          13
Columbia Missourian
Math professors hear response from the state on education standards
By ELISE CATCHINGS
Monday, June 16, 2008

COLUMBIA — The state has broadened its invitation to mathematicians to review a draft of updated
K-12 math curriculum standards. The move is in response to a letter sent in May by more than 50
math professors from MU, Washington University and Missouri University of Science and
Technology.

An alliance of state business, education and community leaders created the document ―Missouri K-12
Mathematics: Core Concepts, Learning Goals and Performance Indicators‖ as a new framework for
guiding K-12 mathematics instruction in the public schools. The alliance, known as METS —
mathematics, engineering, technology and science, was appointed by Gov. Matt Blunt to improve
achievement in those fields. The document, which is in the draft stage, can be found at dese.mo.gov.

―It‘s going to be a living document, and every year we‘ll update it,‖ said Victoria May, a representative
of METS.

In their letter, the professors faulted the draft standards in part because they lack, in their view,
sufficient input by mathematicians (versus mathematics educators). May said that before the letter was
received, mathematicians were asked to review the proposed standards. In light of the letter, the group
that wrote the standards wants to open up the process for as much feedback as possible.

―There are no research mathematicians on the writing group (for the standards),‖ said Barbara Reys,
co-chairwoman of the writing group for the K-12 mathematics standards and a professor of
mathematics education at MU. ―In hindsight, the organizers probably should have invited their
participation. We are continuing to seek feedback from all interested parties, including mathematicians
from Missouri and elsewhere.‖

In the response to the professors, the state also emphasized that ―minimum competencies‖ in math —
that is, what high school students should know at base level when they enter college — are not
intended to be goals.

―If you are a student interested in math, interested in engineering ... you should not gear yourself to
minimum,‖ said Robert Stein, Missouri higher education commissioner. ―You should be working with
your advisors to gear yourself to master more than the minimum.‖

Stein said ―optimal competencies‖ for students interested in careers in engineering and information
technology have been developed and will be posted on the Web site for the Missouri Department of
Elementary and Secondary Education by June 23. Public comment on those competencies is welcome,
in particular through mid-July, he said. Groups working on math curriculum at the state level will look
at these to see how they might be used for math-minded, college-bound students.

The professors‘ letter said the proposed standards don‘t sufficiently take into account the final report
of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel. Rather, it said, the draft too closely follows the standards
of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, which the professors believe are not future-
focused.

―While we did pay attention to NCTM standards, it was not the primary driving force of this
document,‖ Reys said. ―There were several national resources and national standards that we paid
attention to including recommendations of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel.‖


                                                                                                       14
The writing group for the math curriculum draft is made up of 26 K-12 teachers, school administrators
and higher education faculty from mathematics departments and colleges of education.

Feedback on this first incarnation of the standards would be most timely between now and August,
May said.

To join in the Missourian‘s online discussion of schools, go to schoolhousetalk.blogspot.com.




                                                                                                   15
Columbia Business Times
MU professor straddles intersection of law, journalism
Friday, June 13, 2008

MU law professor Richard Reuben is trying to use his expertise in dispute resolution and his
background as a journalist to promote better coverage of conflict in the media.

Through the Center for the Study of Conflict, Law and the Media, Reuben promotes the idea of
interest-based journalism, a focus on the issues underlying conflicts instead of basing coverage on
superficial events and commentary. This type of reporting embraces the root issues of a conflict rather
than an event-driven, sometimes shallow report of legal matters and disputes.

The center, a collaboration of MU's schools of law and journalism, aims to improve news coverage of
conflict and legal affairs as well as to research conflict. The center also offers degree programs and
certificates for students interested in both law and journalism.

Reuben explains that traditional reporting can sometimes inadequately portray the depth of a conflict
and, in order to better inform the public, journalists need to incorporate conflict theories into their
reporting.

Reuben was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1991 when
he was writing columns for the Los Angeles Daily Journal and the San Francisco Daily Journal.




                                                                                                      16
Columbia Daily Tribune
Missourian mulls return to solvency
Fiscal struggles mark centennial.
By ABRAHAM MAHSHIE
Wednesday, June 18, 2008

At least one publisher is saying Walter Williams, founder of the University of Missouri School of
Journalism, would be spinning in his grave.

The Columbia Missourian, which has published since the first day of classes at the school some 99
years ago, is faced with a fiscal plight that could drastically alter its future. With a budget deficit
projected to pass the $1 million mark for the second straight year, MU‘s front office - responsible for
footing the bill - is putting on the pressure, and the J-school is calling in its budget gurus.

"There‘s been a broad consensus for a long time that we need to find a new business plan for the
Missourian," said Dan Potter, general manager of the publication written by students with a
professional staff of editors as well as paid advertising and circulation departments.

"It‘s not a question of the journalism school falling apart. The journalism school is in the best financial
shape it‘s ever been. We just have this one very important teaching tool that we have to figure out a
financial solution for, and so far we haven‘t," said Dean Mills, dean of the journalism school for the
past 19 years. "The goal is to get it as nearly to being in the black as possible."

Mills said the school will consider variations of two main options: A partnership with a newspaper that
would trade advertising and circulation rights for printing services, or "pulling way back on the number
and frequency" of the print edition and switching to a more digital publication.

The Missourian Publishing Association, which oversees operations of the newspaper, approved a
resolution at its May meeting to investigate a potential partnership and other cost-saving measures.

"I think Walter Williams would be turning over in his grave," said Dalton Wright, publisher of the
Lebanon Daily Record and a board member of the Missourian Publishing Association. "I think that
the print product for the print journalism students is important to be maintained or preserved in the
curriculum."

Mills stressed that eliminating the print edition entirely is not on the table, but he said one scenario
would cut back the print edition to as little as two days a week and limit circulation to the campus and
downtown.

"All the scenarios have some version of print," said Tom Warhover, the Missourian‘s executive editor
for innovation, whose June 6 column threw the Missourian‘s quandary into the public eye. In his
column, he asked: "Should the Missourian form a business partnership with the Columbia Daily
Tribune?"

Tribune Publisher Hank Waters responded, "It would be fine if we could do something that works out
for all of us. We can‘t subsidize it, you know."

Since 1997, MU has given the Missourian - a not-for-profit 501(c)3 organization - a laboratory fee of
$250,000 per year. In addition to the regular payment, MU also has covered the newspaper‘s deficits,
which have more than doubled since 2003.




                                                                                                         17
"It‘s a substantial deficit, and times are tight," said Provost Brian Foster. However, he said, "This is not
just a budget issue. The Missourian is a very important asset."

Former acting dean and strategic communications Professor Esther Thorson summed up the modern
challenge of the newspaper:

"I would say that we would remain a model for newspapers around the country and beyond if we
remain a hybrid" of digital and print. She added: "At the same time you‘re exploring how to do good
journalism online, how do you keep doing it in print and make a living?"

The journalism school plans to present options at its September board meeting, which coincides with
the school‘s centennial celebration and the opening of the Reynolds Journalism Institute.




                                                                                                         18
Columbia Daily Tribune
Cutting MU’s energy bill
Alternative fuels, lighting help decrease use per square foot
By ABRAHAM MAHSHIE
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

The University of Missouri isn‘t just changing light bulbs to save energy.

It is implementing strict construction standards for new buildings, upgrading old buildings and burning
greener fuels. The effort is paying off in national energy awards and cost savings.

"We can invest upfront because we know that in two to five years we can pay all that back, and
everything after that point is direct savings to the campus - or we like to say ‗cost avoidance,‘ " said
Paul Coleman, a manager in the MU Energy Management office. "We try to do something that we
know has a good payback."

Last month, MU added the 2008 Energy Efficiency Award from the National Wildlife Federation to its
honors, which already included the Missouri Governor‘s Award and recognition from the EPA and
Missouri Waste Coalition.

Coleman said the formal campus conservation program began in 1990. Although campus building
space has grown by 60 percent since then, energy use per square foot has decreased by 19 percent.
"It‘s very hard to achieve those reductions," said Jay Hasheider, energy management specialist at
Columbia Water and Light. "It‘s not just one thing; you have to work on several different fronts to get
the overall building consumption down, and it gets harder and harder."

That‘s because once all waste - such as heating or cooling leakage - is identified and remedied,
additional energy savings can only be made with sometimes hefty investments, Hasheider said.
"The university has a staff of professionals that are working on this," he said. "That‘s very key to being
able to implement an energy-savings strategy."

Hasheider said Water and Light has incentive programs that encourage customers to install more
efficient lighting systems among other energy savings measures, but the most savings come from a
good "thermal envelope" that prevents energy leaks. MU adheres to American Society of Heating,
Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers 90.1 design standards, which provide a guideline for
insulation and high-efficiency systems.

Since the conservation program began at MU, which has its own power plant, campuswide energy use
has climbed about 31 percent to 2.66 million MMBTUs from 2.04 million MMBTUs. By comparison,
city of Columbia electricity customers use about 4 million MMBTUs per year.

Coleman said the energy conservation program has saved MU about $28 million on an investment of
$14 million since 1990.

Coleman said the Energy Management office invests $1 million per year in additional energy- and cost-
saving measures, which he said realizes savings of $200,000 to $400,000 a year.


Burning green

To cut carbon emissions, the MU Power Plant last year burned coal mixed with a 2 percent to 3
percent test blend of corn cobs.


                                                                                                           19
This year, the plant will blend as much as 5 percent waste wood chips into its fuel mix. The campus
also burns as many as 350,000 waste tires at the power plant.

MU also uses biodiesel fuel in all diesel engine equipment, which burns cleaner than straight diesel.

Motion sensors

Motion-detection switches control lighting, heating and cooling in classrooms, offices and lab space.

Upgraded technology

―A good percentage of what we do is going back to old buildings and put these newer technologies in
older buildings,‖ Coleman said. Technicians replace motors, fans and pumps with more energy-
efficient models.

Some electronics can be tied into main controls, where Coleman can adjust settings for more than 100
buildings. Replacing older windows with double-paned windows reduces heat transfer. MU also is
applying window tints.

Heating and cooling

Pneumatic, air pressure-controlled thermostats have been replaced with digital control systems,
bringing energy savings to the classroom level. The system shuts off overnight when buildings aren‘t
occupied.

Plus, more than 700 fume hoods in laboratories were fitted with variable-speed exhaust fans that adjust
if the hood is partially or completely open.

In winter, cold air from outdoors is used to keep certain indoor research areas cool.




                                                                                                        20
Columbia Missourian
MU Extension official speaks about energy, innovation
By JUSTIN MYERS
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

COLUMBIA — Tuesday‘s Utility and Energy Conference might have focused on the problems with
electricity on Earth, but an MU Extension program director began the day‘s first presentation by
referring to space.

Steve Wyatt, statewide business development program director for MU Extension and the College of
Engineering, started his presentation at the conference with a reference to the film ―Apollo 13,‖ which
depicts a lunar mission with life-threatening technical problems.

―As we fill up our gas tanks, we all feel the same way: ‗Houston, we have a problem,‘‖ he said.

The conference, which the Missouri Chamber of Commerce and Industry held at MU‘s Reynolds
Alumni Center, brought together people from utilities, universities and government to discuss
Missouri‘s need for energy and the state‘s plans to meet it.

Wyatt told attendees about the country‘s need to train more engineers. While China and India
respectively train about 600,000 and 300,000 engineers per year, he said, the U.S. only trains about
70,000 — and needs about 120,000. ―It‘s kind of a troubling statistic,‖ he said.

Wyatt listed several areas of research at MU, such as using byproducts of biodiesel production in other
industries and developing new techniques to cool high-power electronics. ―There‘s a tremendous
amount of expertise and research that exists within our colleges of Engineering and Agriculture,‖ he
said.

He also mentioned the number of potential sources of biofuel being explored in Missouri.

Wyatt emphasized the university‘s partnerships with various businesses, such as the Missouri Industrial
Assessment Center, a group within the College of Engineering that brings teams of students and
faculty to businesses to help improve their energy efficiency.

The changes, which include more efficient boilers, motors, light fixtures and insulation, ―provide pretty
quick payback,‖ Wyatt said.

Missouri Chamber President Dan Mehan said he was glad to see how MU cooperates with businesses.

―There‘s really been a noticeable change with the university reaching out with these types of programs
and helping the private sector and really building a bridge to the private sector to try to commercialize
these and get these good projects in the business community in Missouri,‖ Mehan said.




                                                                                                       21
Columbia Missourian
Large animal vet loan program soon to take effect
By RACHEL DUFF
Friday, June 13, 2008

COLUMBIA — The Large Animal Veterinary Student Loan Program got off to a slow start.

An unfunded version of the bill was passed several years ago, said Dr. John Dodam, associate dean for
academic affairs in the College of Veterinary Medicine, but on July 1, the funded bill will finally go into
effect.

With an increasingly urbanized population, changes in the veterinary profession, agriculture and huge
changes in the population and economic health in rural areas, there is a limited number of vet school
students that consider large animal practice in rural Missouri, Dodam said.

―We‘re losing vets all the time. We need someone out there for our food animals,‖ said Dr. Taylor H.
Woods, the acting state veterinarian for Missouri.

The rising cost of tuition is a growing problem for all vet students, since they are in school for seven to
eight years, Dodam said. This bill can greatly help this problem, he added.

―It‘s a way to allow students to flourish in a private practice because it will minimize their debt load,‖
Dodam said.

Assisting rural vets in paying back school debts, said Dodam, can ultimately help supply safe food, bio-
security and public health because these vets treat animals such as cows, pigs, goats and sheep. A large
animal vet would prevent the spread of diseases between the animal and human population, Dodam
said.

These vets will often be expected to treat other animals, like horses and dogs, which is one reason
being a rural vet is so difficult. These vets must have more knowledge and use more equipment,
Dodam said.

The advisory committee will be deciding the terms of the loan program sometime before July 1. They
will decide how many students they will choose, up to six, and how much money each receives. The
committee has $120,000 to spend for each year, said Dr. Bud Hertzog, practicing vet and chairman of
the committee. The committee will also be getting the policy regulation ready, he said.

The committee is made up of five people to decide how to best utilize the money. Three are practicing
vets, one is the associate dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine at MU and one is a cattle
producer and former president of the Missouri Cattlemen‘s Association, Hertzog said. The vets are
from various areas of the state and have a lot of experience, he added.

Missouri isn‘t the only state taking an initiative in the national shortage of large animal vets in rural
areas. Kansas was the first to start a similar program and seven other states have followed suit, Hertzog
said. Human medicine has done this program for a number of years, and veterinary medicine is
following suit, he said.

―We are the second largest cattle-producing state to Texas, so it‘s important we address this issue,‖
Hertzog said.




                                                                                                         22
The committee will send the vets to underserved areas or to a market area or sale, where the state
requires a licensed vet to be on duty when and where the market operates, Woods said. They will also
look at areas where the current vets are trying to retire or are past retirement, he added. The committee
will also take requests from organizations as potential areas to send vets, Hertzog said.

The committee is thinking it will choose third- and fourth-year students at first to get them out there
quickly, Hertzog said. There will be many applicants, and they will be chosen according to their
financial need and the quality of the applicant, Dodam said. The students chosen will then be
committed to practicing in an underserved area after graduation, Dodam added.

―We are very appreciative of the Missouri legislature and the governor supporting this bill,‖ Hertzog
said. ―There is absolutely a great need, and we are very anxious to get this implemented as soon as we
can.‖




                                                                                                      23
Columbia Daily Tribune
Ewe’s diet can set lamb’s sex, scientist says
Human implications remain uncertain.
By T.J. GREANEY
Saturday, June 14, 2008

One of the great mysteries of life is what causes the sex of a newborn child. Some people swear that a
mother‘s diet containing red meat will bring a boy into the world while a diet rich in sweets such as
chocolate tends to produce a girl.

Science is skeptical of all of this.

Now, new research by a University of Missouri team takes an important step toward answering this
question in the animal world while perhaps spurring new research to address the issue among humans.

In an article published this week in the online publication Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology,
Michael Roberts, MU‘s curators‘ professor of animal sciences, and seven other authors show that
feeding female sheep polyunsaturated fats, such as those found in vegetable oils, around the time of
conception increases the odds they will have male offspring.

The first-of-its-kind study could have major implications for livestock breeders who could profit in the
ability to choose gender.

"I‘m not sure what we were expecting," Roberts said of the five-year study. "We just needed to do the
experiment on a farm animal and figure out what was going on. We wanted to see if we could
influence it, and we found the deviation was" that "around two-thirds of the embryos were male."

The research included two rounds of testing with 44 female sheep. The ewes were separated, with a
control group and a group with a supplemented diet. In each case, 13 days after impregnation, each
animal‘s embryo was flushed from the ewe‘s system, allowing scientists to determine its sex.

"All the animals got the same amount of calories, but one group of sheep got some of their fats in the
form of these protected polyunsaturated fats," Roberts said.

The researchers found that 69 percent of the ewes on the fat-rich diet produced male offspring.

Roberts said the findings make sense evolutionally. In the wild, among species such as cattle and sheep
where males mate with many females, an undernourished female wouldn‘t want to produce a boy.
That‘s because a male from an undernourished female is likely to be weak and have a small chance of
breeding. Polyunsaturated fats, Roberts said, are a sign of health.

The research, if repeated and expanded to other species, could have a major effect on livestock
breeding. Cattle ranchers, for example, want to breed more male calves while dairy farmers want more
female calves.

Clay McQuiddy, a dairy farmer in Mountain Grove, 60 miles east of Springfield, is already putting the
research to use. Three years ago, he began feeding soybean oil to his dairy cows after hearing it would
increase the rates of conception. Each year since then, McQuiddy has seen more male calves. This
year, 62 percent of the calves in his herd were males.




                                                                                                       24
"It seemed like it got worse every year," he said. "But I couldn‘t find anybody that would say that the
soybean oil could possibly affect the sex. Everybody kept saying, ‗No, that‘s not right. It‘s just luck.
You‘ve hit a bad spell. You‘ve had 400 calves, and you‘re on a bad roll.‘ "

For McQuiddy, it‘s no small matter. For Jersey cattle, a male calf is worth about $40, and a female is
worth about $400. He stopped feeding soybean oil to his herd this year, and when he read about
Roberts‘ research, he was glad to have made the change.

"I was amazed," McQuiddy said. "All along, I thought I must be wrong because this is such an obvious
thing that it would have been noticed before now. Dairy is researched to death and really detail-
oriented, so you‘d think someone would have picked up on this before now."

One question many have asked is whether the research applies to humans. In April, British scientists
published a study showing that women who eat more calories, particularly by eating breakfast, are
more likely to have sons. They did so about 56 percent of the time.

Roberts said a lot more research is needed to make the jump to humans. "It gets so complicated when
it comes to humans," he said, "so I just generally stay away from it."

And of the homespun methods to influence sex by eating chocolate or red meat, Roberts said, "Most
of it is baloney."




                                                                                                         25
St. Louis Business Journal
Express Scripts to buy pharmacy benefit unit of Medical Services Co.
By MATT ALLEN
Friday, June 13, 2008

Express Scripts Inc. is buying the workers' compensation pharmacy benefit management business
(PBM) of Medical Services Co. (MSC) for an undisclosed amount, the company announced Friday.

Jacksonville, Fla.-based MSC's Pharmacy Services Division serves the pharmacy benefit needs of
workers' compensation organizations. Express Scripts is buying MSC's pharmacy division from
Monitor Clipper Partners, a Cambridge, Mass.-based private equity investment firm that invested in
MSC in March 2005.

"Express Scripts has a long history of offering PBM services to workers' compensation providers, and
the addition of MSC will enhance our leadership in using proven PBM cost-management tools to drive
down costs and improve health outcomes,"

George Paz, Express Scripts chairman and CEO, said in a statement.

Express Scripts and MSC also entered into a cooperative marketing agreement that ensures ongoing
collaboration and communication, according to a release.

MSC, which previously consisted of a pharmacy unit and an ancillary unit, said it will now focus solely
on its ancillary business and retain all employees, products and services not associated with the
pharmacy division. As a specialized ancillary network, MSC represents more than 15,000 vendor
partners and 19,000 products nationwide.

Express Scripts said the deal is expected to close following customary regulatory approvals, and will
have no impact on earnings in 2008, but should add slightly to next year's earnings.

The move comes in the same week Express Scripts announced it is selling its infusion pharmacy
business to a subsidiary of Deerfield, Ill.-based Walgreen Co. (NYSE, Nasdaq: WAG), the nation's
largest drugstore chain with fiscal 2007 sales of $53.8 billion.

Paz said in a statement that the Express Scripts' Louisville, Ky.-based home infusion pharmacy
division CuraScript Infusion Pharmacy Inc., was not a strategic fit for the company.

St. Louis-based Express Scripts Inc. (Nasdaq: ESRX) is one of the largest pharmacy benefit managers
in the country providing services to more than 50 million members.




                                                                                                        26
Kansas City Star
A science camp for teachers
Joe Robertson
Thursday, June 19, 2008

―Stuff‖ is taking a real beating this week — melting, stretching, bending, breaking.

Metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. None is spared.

This is how teachers in Kansas City are learning to turn their students on to a particular world of
engineering most take for granted.

―Everything in the world is made of something,‖ said Debbie Goodwin. ―Cars … are made of
materials. We wear materials.‖

Goodwin is one of the instructors working with some 30 Midwestern high school teachers in a
summer camp geared to send them home armed with ideas to help students discover that stuff doesn‘t
just happen.

Different metals fatigue in different ways. That‘s good to know for airplane manufacturers and bridge
builders.

And the builders of the Titanic surely would have wanted a better understanding of the effect of
freezing temperatures on steel alloys.

Most people know metals expand under heat, Goodwin said, holding up a piston and a cylinder from a
motorcycle engine. But different metals expand at different rates. One of the teachers in the class
supplied a hair from her head. Goodwin slid it into the cylinder. A piston that slid smoothly through
the gap was now jammed.

Manufacturing engineers have to know precisely what will happen when an engine runs hot, she said.

―All of these things have real-world applications.‖

ASM International, an association of materials science engineers, brought the camp to the University
of Missouri-Kansas City for the first time this week, with the help of the Ewing Marion Kauffman
Foundation and the Linda Hall Library of Science, Engineering and Technology.

For a week, teachers have become students, attending lectures, touring local industries and then
donning goggles and protective gloves in the lab.

In the past, engineering students too often discovered materials science only after they encountered
real issues in their fields, said Bob Hanlin, a Honeywell engineer and member of ASM International.

―We realized … we needed to get to people at a younger age,‖ he said. ―We‘re just hoping we can
provide some things to help these teachers in the classroom … to get kids interested in fields they
probably haven‘t heard of before.‖




                                                                                                       27
Springfield News-Leader
McCain talks energy at MSU
GOP presidential candidate calls for new nuclear plants.
By CHAD LIVENGOOD and AMOS BRIDGES
Thursday, June 19, 2008

Republican presidential candidate John McCain is pushing for new nuclear power plants, carbon
sequestration "clean coal" technology and off-shore oil drilling to meet the country's energy needs for
the next generation.

"One obstacle to expanding our nuclear-powered electricity is the mind-sest of those who prefer to
buy time and hope that our energy problems will somehow solve themselves," McCain said in his
opening remarks at a town hall meeting at Missouri State University.

McCain pledged to "set this nation on a course to building 45 new (nuclear) reactors by the year 2030"
if voters chose him over Democratic Sen. Barack Obama in November to be America's 44th president.

McCain's speech was briefly interrupted by a loud heckler who accused McCain of being too friendly
with President George W. Bush.

"How can you be trusted?" the man said, as security guards rushed toward him. "How can you stand
up for the policies of the current administration?"

McCain brushed off the disturbance with a little humor.

"I would have told that gentleman if he would have just waited until I finished my opening remarks ...
if he had a question or comment, I would be glad to listen to it," McCain said.

After his opening remarks, McCain sat at a roundtable on the stage of the student union's auditorium,
asking a panel of energy industry experts and CEOs what's the best course for solving the country's
long term crisis.

Both McCain and the campaign's hand-picked panelists said government regulation and inaction have
created rising energy prices for everything from gasoline to natural gas and electricity.

But they all expressed optimism that the country could create more domestically generated energy.

"It's not too late," said Greg Boyce, chairman and CEO of Peabody Energy, the world's largest
privately owned coal company.

Retired Marine Gen. Jim Jones, president and CEO of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce's Institute for
21st Century Energy, said the energy crisis is dire and needs immediate action by the nation's leaders.

"We have to approach this with the same degree of seriousness when President Eisenhower said let's
build the interstate highway system and President Kennedy said let's get a man on moon," said Jones,
who has been mentioned as a possible vice presidential candidate.

Tammy Jahnke, dean of the college of natural and applied sciences at MSU, highlighted the university's
partnership with City Utilities of Springfield and other utilities to experimentally inject food-grade
carbon dioxide 2,000 feet into the Earth's bedrock. The process known as carbon sequestration is seen
as a potential way to mitigating global warming by disposing of the greenhouse gas into the Earth.



                                                                                                      28
After the roundtable discussion, McCain came out on the front of the stage and took questions from
the audience ranging in subject matter from student loans, scrutiny of international college students,
taxes, and how the 72-year-old plans to compete for younger voters with Obama.

Sarah Craig, an Ozarks resident, asked McCain how he intended to provide families like her own some
relief from rising gas prices and other bills. Much of the panel discussion focused on long-term
solutions, she said.

"What are you going to do next week that helps us now?" Craig asked.

"In the short term, I can give you some relief," McCain told Craig, laying out his proposal to suspend
the 18.5-cent federal tax on every gallon of gas for the summer.

McCain also said giving taxpayers another economic stimulus check would give Americans short-term
relief.

Democrats, including McCain's opponent, Sen. Barack Obama, oppose the tax holiday, calling it a
"gimmick" to gain votes from voters frustrated by record gasoline prices, which were about $3.65 a
gallon on Wednesday in Springfield.

Prior to McCain's event, Democratic U.S. Sen. Claire McCaskill of Missouri said in a conference call
that McCain's plan would cost the state 6,000 jobs and $167 million in federal gas tax dollars for
Missouri's roadways.

"Missouri can smell a phony idea from a mile away," McCaskill told reporters in a conference call with
Admiral John Nathman, a retired Navy commander. "This gas tax holiday ain't going to happen. It was
just promised to get a few votes."

McCain had a response to McCaskill's job-killing charge.

"A lot of this money that is paid in the form of gas taxes goes to wasteful pork barrel projects,"
McCain told Craig during the question and answer session.

McCain also advocated for allowing coastal states to decide whether they want to let oil companies drill
in ocean waters.

"The decision would still be made by the people of those states," McCain said. "But I certainly
encourage them to do so."

McCain has previously opposed increased deep-sea drilling off the coasts of Florida and other coastal
states.

"John McCain has done a classic flip-flop," McCaskill said. "If he were being scored, he would get a 10
for this flip-flop in its execution."

For years, McCain has opposed drilling for oil in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).

But McCain said he'd be willing to reconsider that stance as well.

"I would be more than happy to examine it again," McCain said.




                                                                                                       29
Wednesday's town hall meeting at MSU was the first opportunity for many Ozarks Republicans to
evaluate their presidential candidate in person.

Sen. John McCain captured just 27 percent of the Republican vote in Greene County in the February
primary -- Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee won with 42 percent -- but several of those who spoke to
the News-Leader Tuesday said the event raised their opinion of him.

"I'm more excited about him all the time," said Rep. Charlie Denison, a Republican state legislator. "I
think the public has made it known they want change, and I think he's very definitely a change."

Although McCain was not his first choice for president, Denison said he appreciated the open format
of the event, which allowed unscripted questions from the audience. "I thought he was right on point
with the answers."

Denison's wife, Daryl, added: "I thought he was honest."

She said she was more excited about McCain's candidacy after hearing him speak. "He was different
than I expected ... He's down-to-earth."

Navy veteran Mike Vicat, too, was impressed by McCain's ideas and attitude.

"I thought it was great. I really like him," he said. "He seems like he's pretty solid."

Vicat, who is 100 percent disabled as a result of injuries he suffered in the military, said he appreciates
that McCain has served in the armed forces. He said Obama's lack of military service is one reason he
wouldn't vote for the Democrat.

"We need a president that's been on the front lines," Vicat said.

Vicat said he was hoping McCain would talk about his plans for supporting disabled veterans.

"Without those programs, I wouldn't be standing here, probably," he said, noting he has "no
complaints" about the treatment he has received to date. "I just hope it stays that way."

Mi Leng and Ana Banos -- both students enrolled in English as a Second Language classes through
Ozarks Technical Community College -- said they enjoyed the opportunity to hear a presidential
candidate speak to the public.

"It's interesting to me to come here and see ... It's a cool experience for me," said Leng, who is from
China.

Banos said she liked McCain's pledge to not raise taxes and his support for easing some of the
restrictions on legal immigration and foreign exchange programs.

"Right now it's too hard to come in," she said.




                                                                                                          30
Jefferson City News Tribune
New Cole County museum curator will also serve at LU
Michelle Brooks
Friday, June 20, 2008

The university library staff can share expertise in areas such as genealogy, technology and grant-writing.
And the historical society could offer its pool of dedicated volunteers and the opportunity for
university students to do internships off campus.

The partnership may allow the university to establish minor degree programs in library science,
museum science or historic preservation. And the collaboration between the not-for-profit and the
land-grant institution may open up new funding sources for both organizations, as well.

―The signal this sends for the community is very loud and important,‖ said University President
Carolyn Mahoney. ―It's a true joint effort with the community.‖

Already, planning is underway for genealogy classes for volunteers in the historic society's library and
digitizing the society's records to be more accessible.

―We've lacked the professionalism,‖ said Kathy Wilbers, society president. ―It takes an academic
institution to lead us.‖

For now, Pigg has been helping with the 10-year-old project of processing documents for the
university archives. And at the society, she recently created the current museum display of the living
First Ladies inaugural gowns.

Pigg hopes to rotate the society museum displays frequently and make them more appealing to a
broader age range and interest group. She also will be taking information about the museum into the
public.

―I like broadening the idea of what a museum could be,‖ Pigg said. ―I like to preserve the past.‖

Both organizations share the intent to preserve the community's history.

―This brings Cole County history to Lincoln University,‖ Wilson said. ―It brings authenticity, that
we're a very vital part of Cole County history.

―Together it completes the story. When we're separate, it's two versions of history.‖




                                                                                                         31
Lake Sun Leader
State Fair compresses student class schedules
By DEANNA WHEELER
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

LAKE OF THE OZARKS - The increased costs filling up the gas tank is impacting the area in
unexpected ways.

State Fair Community College, which has an extended campus in the area, has rearranged and
compressed its class schedule.

For example, classes meeting Monday, Wednesday and Friday, will only meet on Mondays and
Wednesdays for almost three hours each class period. Other classes have been condensed to meeting
only on one day for five hours each class.

'It doesn't reduce the seat time within the classes only the number of times the students have to drive
to campus,' Sherlyn Nail, a college representative, said.

Some students drive 50 miles or more to attend classes at the Osage Beach campus, Nail added. The
gas cost was becoming more and more of a hardship.

Rather than risk a student not completing their education, Nail said Associate Dean Gary Baker
proposed the change in the schedule to college executives as another way the college could be more
proactive in helping students.

Students have also been stacking classes back to back as another way to reduce trips. The result is a
student sitting in class from as early as 8 a.m. until 9:30 p.m. with little time in between for breaks.

State Fair Community College's main campus is in Sedalia but has extended campus sites in Boonville,
Carrollton, Clinton, Marshall, Versailles, Warsaw and Whiteman Air Force Base in Knob Noster, along
with its site in Osage Beach at Stonecrest Mall.

Nail said she didn't have exact numbers on the increase in students enrolling in online classes at the
lake, but said that enrollment in online classes was up overall.

'Students are doing it as another way to lower costs,' Nail said. 'But there are also barriers in (taking
online classes).'

Students have to have access to a computer with a high-speed Internet connection, which can be
expensive. The student also has to have the discipline to take a class online.

Some learn better in a physical classroom setting where there's less distractions and someone is
physically holding you responsible, Nail said.

Nail knew of other colleges around the state implementing similar measures.

A representative from Columbia College, which also has a campus in the area, was not available.




                                                                                                            32
Southeast Missourian
Three Rivers drops suit against SEMO
By LINDY BAVOLEK
Thursday, June 19, 2008

Three Rivers Community College ended a bitter three-year feud with Southeast Missouri State University on
Tuesday, dropping a lawsuit without prejudice.

"The board wanted to move forward with a new mission. They wanted to put the past to rest," said Dr.
Larry Kimbrow, executive vice president of Three Rivers.

The college had sought more than $25,000 in damages after being evicted from Southeast's Bootheel
centers, where the institutions worked as partners. The Daily American Republic reported the Poplar Bluff,
Mo.-based community college spent about $50,000 in legal fees.

Information on how much Southeast spent on lawyers was not available Wednesday.

Southeast president Dr. Ken Dobbins said he was "very pleased" the case was dismissed. "We need to focus
on providing access to quality higher education instead of being in the courts," he said.

The decision to drop the lawsuit comes amid several significant changes in leadership and staff reports of
turmoil at Three Rivers.

Earlier this month, the board fired Three Rivers president Dr. John Cooper. In April, L. Joe Scott resigned
as attorney for the board of trustees and two board members were not re-elected. That same month, a staff
survey leaked to the Dexter Daily Statesman indicated low staff morale and staff reports of intimidation by
administration.

Kimbrow said the college is "ready to start a new future" and that ending the lawsuit was "in the best
interest of students, the college and taxpayers."

Three Rivers sued Southeast in June 2005 after Southeast evicted Three Rivers from centers in Sikeston,
Malden and Kennett. Southeast reported it was losing money from its Bootheel centers while Three Rivers
was making money. After eviction Three Rivers sued, claiming a breach of contract.

The dispute escalated when Three Rivers opened its own centers in each of the three locations, creating a
competition for students. However, a 2007 report by the Missouri Department of Higher Education said
the rival centers "do not constitute inefficient use of funds."

In fiscal year 2007, Southeast spent $3.1 million operating the centers and brought in $2.7 million in
revenue. While the university is still losing money on the regional campuses, Dobbins said the loss margin is
decreasing. The university lost $1.1 million in fiscal year 2005, and $762,686 in fiscal year 2006. The goal is
to break even, Dobbins said.

Three Rivers is already making money. In 2007, the college spent $696,212 and made $951,134. Enrollment
increased from 266 students to 344.

Southeast's enrollment was flatter, increasing from 671 students to 675 between 2006 and 2007, according
to a December report from the state's higher education department.




                                                                                                             33
Jefferson City News Tribune
Nixon, Blunt and GOP spar over Friday MOHELA comments
By BOB WATSON
Sunday, June 15, 2008

Gov. Matt Blunt and Attorney General Jay Nixon agree on one thing: Nixon never supported Blunt's plan
to use assets from the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority to help colleges build new buildings.

Within six hours of Nixon's talking about the issue during a candidate's forum at the Lake of the Ozarks,
Blunt said - in a news release issued by the governor's office: ―Jay Nixon has always been opposed to every
project funded by the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative, and today he revealed his plan to withhold
funding from Missouri's college students.‖

Nixon told reporters MOHELA was created to help students get affordable loans.
If he's elected governor, Nixon said: ―I would appoint people on the board of MOHELA who would
understand why MOHELA was passed and what its purposes were.

―The people appointed to that board, by me, would understand that their job is, simply and solely, to make
college more affordable for Missouri kids and families - not to build the biggest building they can find, not
to talk about the bond market all the time (and) not to be sold away.‖

The attorney general and likely Democratic nominee for the governor's race also said he would restore the
traditional budgeting method, of including college buildings in the state's capital improvements budget and
having lawmakers debate and approve them as a budget item.
The Missouri Republican Party issued a news release Friday evening saying Nixon had ―announced his plan
today to reverse the (college building) plan and withhold funding from Missouri's institutions of higher
learning.‖

Party spokeswoman Tina Hervey said: ―Jay Nixon is committed to only one thing, withholding millions of
dollars from our students, colleges and universities with his plan to reverse Gov. Blunt's Lewis and Clark
Discovery Initiative.‖

But, Nixon told reporters at the Lake Friday that MOHELA's directors ―have quit paying. They don't have
the money to pay, now.
―They, themselves, have said that they're not making payments on the capital initiative that's in there ... the
crippling of the power of MOHELA has made that decision.‖
In his news release, Blunt countered: ―Last year, Missouri colleges and universities began receiving $335
million for state-of-the art learning centers through my Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative which will be
distributed through 2013. ...

―Nixon's assertion that ‗MOHELA doesn't have the money' for the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative is
not true and would not be substantiated by the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority, which will be
providing this funding to the state.‖
Earlier this year, MOHELA announced it would pay only part of a $5 million quarterly payment because of
financial losses and uncertainty over the U.S. credit market. And last month, the Chesterfield-based loan
authority announced it would stop offering some interest rate breaks for new borrowers.

Blunt said: ―Nixon's options to discontinue the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative funding include either
changing the law to withhold the funding from our students or breaking state law by withholding funding
from MOHELA to the state that by law should go to our colleges and universities.‖

Nixon on three occasions at the Lake event declined to say whether he would ask lawmakers to rewrite the




                                                                                                             34
state law requiring MOHELA to transfer funds for the building program.

Instead, he repeated: ―Certainly, we would like to see the buildings that are appropriately and important out
in those communities done.
―But the method to do that funding is not through taking money out of students' pockets.‖

In Mid-Missouri, Lincoln University gets nearly $3 million from the Lewis and Clark Initiative's assets
transfer, to pay for renovations to Jason Hall, while Linn State Tech is slated to receive $5 million towa rd a
new Vehicle and Power Center, designed to teach about heavy equipment and power programs.
The Associated Press contributed information used in this story.

Springfield News-Leader
Nixon: MOHELA sale cause of woes
GOP spokeswoman accuses Nixon of pandering to media.
By CHAD LIVENGOOD
Saturday, June 14, 2008

Lake Ozark -- For nearly three years, Attorney General Jay Nixon has attacked Gov. Matt Blunt's sale of
hundreds of millions in assets of the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority to finance the construction
of new state university buildings.

MOHELA has recently had trouble making those full payments to the state.

In May, MOHELA announced it would stop offering a program that gave interest rates breaks to certain
low-income borrowers -- a move Nixon has pointed to as evidence that the Blunt-led MOHELA sale has
contributed to the student loan authority's financial troubles.

But when the presumed Democratic gubernatorial nominee was questioned Friday as to how he would
reverse Blunt's course, Nixon dodged giving specifics after suggesting he would withhold money for the
building projects.
As vacancies on the MOHELA board come available, Nixon said he would appoint board members who
"are focused on the original mission" of MOHELA, which is to make college affordable through low-
interest loans.

"The people appointed to that board by me would understand their job is simply and solely to make college
more affordable for Missouri kids and families. That's their job. Not to build buildings," Nixon said at a
meeting of newspaper editors and reporters at a resort on the Lake of the Ozarks.

Blunt's Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative appropriated $335 million for new state university buildings,
paid for by the sale of MOHELA's assets.
Nixon said he would return university projects to a biannual capital projects appropriation, but dodged
direct questions about whether he would attempt to circumvent the Lewis & Clark law in doing so.

"We've got to get real," Nixon said. "MOHELA doesn't have the money."

During the moderated question-and-answer session, a reporter asked Nixon -- out of turn -- whether he
would seek to bypass the law. Nixon brushed off the reporter for not being called on and didn't answer his
question.

Nixon was then asked by a newspaper editor whether he would stop construction of buildings at state
colleges.




                                                                                                             35
"Certainly we would like to see the buildings that were appropriately important out there in those
communities done," Nixon told Show-Me Press Association members. "But the method to do that funding
is not through taking money from students' pockets."
Raymond Bayer Jr., executive director MOHELA, said the Chesterfield-based student loan agency's
financial woes are the result of the country's credit crisis, not the liquidation of its assets as Nixon continues
to suggest.

In a statement, Blunt responded to Nixon's criticism.
"Nixon's options to discontinue the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative funding include either changing
the law to withhold the funding from our students or breaking state law by withholding funding from
MOHELA to the state that by law should go to our colleges and universities," Blunt said.

Tina Hervey, spokeswoman for the Missouri Republican Party, accused Nixon of "pandering to the media."
"Now, Jay Nixon wants to withhold from our students as much of the $335 million as he can get his hands
on," Hervey said.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Office is MOHELA’s first outside of St. Louis area
By JUSTIN WILETT
Saturday, June 14, 2008

Missouri‘s student loan authority is investing $1 million to open a "completely redundant" data and
operations center in downtown Columbia.
The Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority, or MOHELA, is leasing a 5,600-square-foot building at
400 E. Walnut St. for a facility that can serve as a backup data and operations center for its Chesterfield
headquarters.

Raymond Bayer, executive director of MOHELA, said the facility would be used if a disaster, fire or other
event shut down MOHELA headquarters. He said Columbia is far enough away that it likely would not be
affected by such an event, but it is close enough that MOHELA could transport employees to the
Columbia office and keep operating.

Bayer said the Chesterfield data center is being upgraded now, and the first phase of the Columbia facility
will be a "mirror image" data center, which will cost about $500,000. The two data centers will be connected
by a T3 line, a high-speed communications connection typically used by large organizations with busy
network traffic.

"That‘s a huge pipeline between MOHELA and Columbia," Bayer said.
The second phase will be to create an operations center that can host as many as 80 workstations, which
could be used in the event that MOHELA had to run its operations from Columbia. That will cost about
$500,000. Bayer said he expects only a couple of employees to work at the office initially, but it could be
staffed by as many as 12 employees in the next few years.
Bayer said the money for the facility is coming from MOHELA general funds.

MOHELA has experienced financial pains in recent months because of shrinking federal subsidies and the
credit-market crunch. However, it appears MOHELA might have turned the corner financially. In April,
the agency made a $747,000 profit; in May, it made a $4.188 million profit, Bayer said.
Will Shaffner, MOHELA director of business development, said the Columbia office represents
MOHELA‘s first expansion outside the St. Louis area. He said the office will allow MOHELA to extend its
reach, and it eventually could be used to provide walk-in service to borrowers. "We want to make sure we




                                                                                                               36
stay close to our customers," Shaffner said. "From a business perspective, it makes sense to provide better
customer service - that‘s how we distinguish ourselves."

Each school creates a lender list, Shaffner said, and MOHELA is on the Stephens College and Central
Methodist University lists, but it is not on the Columbia College or University of Missouri lists.

"The University of Missouri-Columbia does not use our organization for its loans," Shaffner said. "If they
did, that‘s a tremendous amount of volume" that could be serviced from the new office.

Bayer said getting business from MU would be "a nice plus," but that‘s not why MOHELA is opening an
office in Columbia.

Jack Waters, president of Waters Realty Associates Inc., which owns 400 E. Walnut, said MOHELA took
possession of the building June 1. Waters Realty is owned by the children of Tribune Publisher Hank
Waters.
A Boone County National Bank call center, the previous tenant, moved out in May. Mary Wilkerson, vice
president of marketing for the bank, said the call center needed more room, so it moved to the Job Point
building on Vandiver Drive.

Jefferson City News Tribune
Gov. Blunt statement on Nixon’s plan to withhold funding from higher education
Press Release
Friday, June 13, 2008

JEFFERSON CITY - Gov. Matt Blunt issued the following statement on Attorney General Jay Nixon's plan to withhold
the funding Missouri colleges and universities are receiving through the governor's landmark Lewis and Clark Discovery
Initiative:

―Jay Nixon has always been opposed to every project funded by the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative,
and today he revealed his plan to withhold funding from Missouri's college students.
―Last year, Missouri colleges and universities began receiving $335 million for state-of-the art learning
centers through my Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative which will be distributed through 2013. Nixon's
options to discontinue the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative funding include either changing the law to
withhold the funding from our students or breaking state law by withholding funding from MOHELA to
the state that by law should go to our colleges and universities.

―Nixon's assertion that ‗MOHELA doesn't have the money' for the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative is
not true and would not be substantiated by the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority which will be
providing this funding to the state to distribute to our colleges and universities through 2013.‖
To view a list of the college and university projects for which Nixon would withhold funding log on to
http://www.ded.mo.gov/lcdi/lcdi03080707.pdf.




                                                                                                                    37
Columbia Daily Tribune
College savings plan to offer scholarships
Friday, June 13, 2008

All of Missouri‘s four-year public colleges will begin offering a few scholarships to students whose
families use the Missouri college savings plan to bank money for higher education, state Treasurer
Sarah Steelman said yesterday.

Not every student will get a scholarship, Steelman said. But at least every college will offer some
scholarships to those whose families have put money away in the savings plan. Under the plan,
established in 1999, money invested in the college savings plan is exempt from state taxes, as is the
income from the investment that is later used for college expenses.

The number of scholarships varies from school to school. For example, in the University of Missouri
system, 80 scholarships of $500 each are available - 20 for each of the system‘s four campuses.

Scholarships will be given based on financial need, academic standing and other factors. Missouri State
University in Springfield has 12 $500 scholarships available, said Steelman, who is a candidate for the
Republican nomination for governor.




                                                                                                        38
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Fund raisers get tips on making ‘the ask’
By KATHRYN MASTERSON
Monday, June 16, 2008

New York – Understanding why people give to your organization, why trustees and presidents might
be hesitant to ask for large donations, and what money means to you and your donors are all keys to
getting the major gift in a fund-raising campaign, Laura Fredricks, a former university vice president
told a conference of nonprofit fund raisers here on Friday.

The psychology behind getting the big gift and making "the ask" for it was a major topic at Fund
Raising Day in New York 2008, which drew representatives from across the nonprofit world, including
charities, hospitals, colleges, and museums. The Greater New York Chapter of the Association of
Fundraising Professionals presented the meeting.

Ms. Fredricks, who was vice president for philanthropy at Pace University from 2002 to earlier this
year and raised more than $80-million for the institution's $100-million capital campaign, warned
major-gift officers not to ignore people's feelings and views about money. She said that when she was
working in development at Temple University, no one knew why one alumnus, a wealthy developer,
never gave more than $1,000 at a time to his alma mater. Ms. Fredricks finally asked him, and he told
her that he was afraid of running out of money as his family had when he was a child.

"It's an emotional firecracker," Ms. Fredricks said.

For fund raisers hesitant to ask prospects for large gifts, she suggested three ways to get over it: Take
the soft approach, and get to know the donors before making the ask; take a direct approach, and ask
why they support your organization; and share your story about why you care about the organization
you are raising money for.

Using the direct approach—for example, finding out that a longtime donor to a hospital gave because
he was Greek and so was the institution's president—allows development officers to match
prospective big donors with specific interests and causes. The donor who was proud of his Greek
heritage, for example, ended up endowing a program at the hospital for Greek nurses.

When trustees, chief executives, or presidents are hesitant to help raise money for major gifts, Ms.
Fredricks advised, the organization's professional fund raisers should provide training and practice for
them so they will be more at ease. They should be treated the same way donors are—as individuals
with different emotions about money—and given simple requests, she said. Instead of giving a reticent
board member a list of prospective donors, Fredricks suggested starting out with the names and
biographical information of two current donors and then asking the trustee to call them to say thank
you.

Other advice offered at the meeting included:
 Thank your donors. Then thank them again and again—in meetings, in newsletters, by phone, or
   by mail. Recognition makes them feel good and keeps them engaged with your organization.
   "Nothing is worse than taking too long to thank a donor," said the keynote speaker, Lorraine A.
   Cortés-Vázquez, secretary of state for New York and former president of the Hispanic Federation,
   a nonprofit network of Latino health and human service agencies.
 Maintain contact with donors, especially when your organization has staff turnover. Don't let a
   relationship with any donor, no matter how small, lag because he or she got lost in a database or
   the person who worked with the donor left, said Larry Schafer, vice president and vice provost for
   development at New York Weill Cornell Medical College. That donor who started giving $100 or


                                                                                                        39
    $1,000 may turn into the source of a big gift one day. "The muddle in the middle is a big
    problem," Mr. Schafer said.
   Consider using your biggest donors to ask for other major gifts. They have a proven commitment
    to your organizations, Mr. Schafer said. At Weill Cornell Medical College, Sanford I. Weill, former
    chairman of Citigroup and a philanthropist who gave more than $100-million to the college, makes
    the biggest of the major-gift asks. Having given a big gift "makes that person a marvelous
    solicitor," Mr. Shafer said.
   Think about bringing persuasive people associated with your college who aren't on your campaign
    staff on prospecting calls. Rosemarie Garipoli, executive director of a more-than-$1-billion capital
    campaign for Lincoln Center, brings people involved in specific arts programs or the "star-
    chitects" involved in redeveloping the center to see prospective donors who are interested in those
    particular fields. That has helped bring in major gifts, she said.
   Cut down on meetings. Your development and advancement staff should instead be out making
    calls, Ms. Fredricks said.
   Don't show your desperation, no matter how far you are from hitting your goal. You're not raising
    money to keep your organization from going out of business, said Michael Margitich, senior
    deputy director for external affairs at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, where he oversaw
    an $858-million capital campaign. When he helped run a capital campaign at Columbia University,
    he explained to potential donors that he was raising additional funds to "maintain our level of
    excellence." He still uses that phrase today. "I never show the stress," Mr. Margitich said. "I think
    the donor picks that up."




                                                                                                      40
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Proposed federal regulations would ease up on colleges’ responsibilities under disability law
By SARA LIPKA
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Washington – As Congress considers a bill that would bolster the Americans With Disabilities Act, the
Justice Department has proposed new regulations that would limit the accommodations universities
and other entities must provide under the existing law.

The lengthy new regulations, which detail requirements for handicapped-accessible seating and
qualifications for service animals, among other issues, are scheduled to be published today in the
Federal Register.

Counting Seats

Compared with current regulations, the proposed update decreases the proportion of seats an
"assembly area" must make accessible to people who use wheelchairs. Now that figure is about 1
percent, with the exact proportion depending on the size of the venue. A stadium of 5,000 seats, for
example, must provide space for 51 wheelchairs. Stadiums larger than that must provide one more
space for every 100 additional seats.

Under the proposed new regulations, a stadium of 5,001 seats would have to provide space for 36
wheelchairs. One more space would be required for every 200 additional seats a stadium has. For a
stadium with a 50,000-person capacity, that would mean 261—as opposed to 501—handicapped-
accessible spots.

"That seems like a step backwards to me," said L. Scott Lissner, who coordinates disability-law
compliance for the Ohio State University system. "I don't know of any past examples that actually
reduced the standard of access."

At Ohio State's football stadium, Mr. Lissner said, wheelchair-accessible seating is in high demand.
"We're easily filling 2 percent" of all seats, he said.

The proposed revisions of regulations, he said, were driven by professional arenas, which tend to draw
fewer fans with disabilities than do college stadiums.

The new regulations, if unchanged after a public comment period, would be roughly comparable to the
terms of a recent settlement between the federal government and the University of Michigan at Ann
Arbor. This spring, in response to a lawsuit over handicapped-accessible seating in its football stadium,
the university agreed to provide 329 spots—or a third of a percent of its 107,000 seats—for fans in
wheelchairs.

The proposed new regulations on seating would modify the ADA Standards for Accessible Design, an
attempt to consolidate several building codes, Mr. Lissner said. As of now, depending on facilities' age
and the source of funds for their construction, colleges may be complying with the Americans With
Disabilities Act, the Architectural Barriers Act, the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards, and the
American National Standards Institute's guidelines. If the changes pass, Mr. Lissner said, "all of the
buildings will be under the same set of standards on campus."

Residence halls, whether operated by or on behalf of a college, would have to meet existing
accessibility guidelines for "transient lodging," according to the proposed regulations. Apartment-style
housing, on the other hand, would be subject to existing requirements for residential dwelling units.


                                                                                                       41
Prior rules did not specify how to classify campus housing for compliance purposes, the Justice
Department said.

No Ferrets

Service animals are another focal point of the new regulations. The proposed rules distinguish service
animals from "emotional-support animals," which they say are not covered by federal disability law.

"Animals whose sole function is to provide emotional support, comfort, therapy, companionship,
therapeutic benefits, or promote emotional well-being are not service animals," the Justice Department
said in an early copy of the proposed regulations posted online.

Support animals, like ferrets and snakes, have been a sticking point for colleges, where students have
asked to keep them in residence halls and take them to class.

"The arguments have been made with increasing frequency in recent years that lots of animals other
than traditional service animals should qualify," said Michael R. Masinter, a professor of law at Nova
Southeastern University.

The new regulations would define service animals as those that are specially trained to perform a
demonstrable task. That definition may still include "psychiatric-service animals" that remind their
owners to take medication or that interrupt incidents of cutting or other self-mutilation.

"The regulations permit one to ask what service the animal has been trained to perform," Mr. Masinter
said. "That's a fair question."

Certain animals are explicitly prohibited. They include "nonhuman primates," as well as "reptiles,
rabbits, farm animals (including horses, miniature horses, ponies, pigs, and goats), ferrets, amphibians,
and rodents."

The bill pending in Congress, the ADA Restoration Act (HR 3195 and S 1881), has concerned some
higher-education officials because it defines disabilities more broadly than have a handful of recent
court decisions (The Chronicle, June 13). When the legislation, now stalled, becomes final, the group it
defines will be eligible for the accommodations the new regulations—and maybe more to follow—
propose.

Those, however, are just the minimum requirements, Mr. Masinter pointed out. "All of these laws
serve as a floor of what schools may provide," he said. "Schools are always free to go further than
where the law requires them to go in accommodating students with disabilities."




                                                                                                         42
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Tales of the reconstruction: Can reorganization save the AAUP?
By ROBIN WILSON
Monday, June 16, 2008

Washington – The American Association of University Professors, the nation's largest faculty
organization, held its annual meeting here last weekend. As in every other year, the group's agenda
focused on concerns that are central to professors: academic freedom, retirement benefits, and the
growing use of part-time faculty members. But the real news made at this year's meeting of the AAUP
was a vote on fundamental changes in the 93-year-old organization itself.

On Saturday, members overwhelmingly approved a restructuring plan that the group's leaders hope
will reinvigorate the organization. The problems that the new plan could help resolve are many: The
AAUP has lost about half its members over the last generation, it has run budget deficits, and it has
struggled with its dual mission to defend academic freedom while also acting as a collective-bargaining
union. The vote to reorganize, which came after only about a half-hour of debate, prompted some
members to call this year's meeting the most crucial in the group's history.

More Flexibility

Advocates of the restructuring plan, which has been in the works for four years, say it will allow the
AAUP to do the same things it always has—only better. It will divide the group into three pieces: a
professional association that supports academic freedom and other professorial concerns, a collective-
bargaining unit, and a fund-raising arm called the AAUP Foundation.

Because the group has until now tried to fit all three functions under one organization classified under
tax law as a "public charity," it has been limited in certain activities. Those include lobbying on behalf
of the union, raising money specifically for the association, and providing special benefits just to its
members. All three groups will come under an umbrella organization called the AAUP.

Cary Nelson, the organization's president and a professor of English at the University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign, said approval of the plan was the key to the organization's future. It will allow the
organization to "take the shackles off," he said.

Robert A. Gorman, a professor emeritus of law at the University of Pennsylvania who chaired the
subcommittee that proposed the restructuring plan, also underscored the liberating effects of the vote.
Last year, he said, "was a time of great concern" about the AAUP's health. But the reorganization and
other steps taken over the last year have helped the group "turn a corner," he said.

Membership Growth

Mr. Nelson pointed to other signs of an upward swing in the association's fortunes. Thanks to a
national e-mail recruitment campaign, it has added more than 3,000 members in the last year. It is up
to 47,238—more than at any time since 1985—although not all of those members pay full dues.

The AAUP, which ran deficits in 2006 and 2007 of more than $300,000 a year, is on line to have a
balanced budget this year, said Mr. Nelson. And he confirmed that the association is poised to hire a
new general secretary, although he would not say who. Other members of the group's national Council
said it is negotiating with Gary Rhoades, director of the Center for the Study of Higher Education at
the University of Arizona, to head the Washington office.




                                                                                                        43
Whomever the council hires would replace Ernst Benjamin, a former general secretary who was called
out of retirement a year ago to help put the national office back on track. The office had lost several
staff members, had trouble keeping track of AAUP membership renewals and dues payments, and had
failed to produce a financial audit for members in 2006.

At a lunch meeting on Friday, faculty members sitting at a table with a Chronicle reporter agreed the
organization was headed in the right direction. "Things are being managed better," said one professor.
But some AAUP members aren't so sure that the organization's troubles are over.

Room to Improve

In fact, two of the organization's largest campus chapters are so unhappy with the way it has
conducted business that they've pulled out of the AAUP's Collective Bargaining Congress, the union
arm of the organization. The University of Connecticut chapter, with 1,100 members, made the move
in May. And Wayne State University's chapter, with 1,850 members, announced on the first day of the
AAUP's meeting here that it would follow suit. Between the two campuses, the AAUP will lose about
$20,000. Both chapters will still be part of the AAUP's professional association, however, and thus
continue to send hundreds of thousands of dollars in dues to the association.

The small sums involved made those campuses' move to disassociate with the Collective Bargaining
Congress largely symbolic. Leaders of both chapters said they wanted to send the message that they
don't think they've been getting their money's worth out of the organization. "On the fundamental
principles, we support them," says Robert W. Stephens, a professor of music and education at
Connecticut and president of the university's chapter. "But they're not doing enough."

Mr. Nelson, who was recently elected to another two-year term, said he got the message: The
universities want the organization to get its act together. With the new restructuring plan in place, the
AAUP might have taken some big steps on the path to doing so.




                                                                                                        44
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Short and sweet: Technology shrinks the lecture
By JEFFREY R. YOUNG
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Dalton A. Kehoe, an associate professor of communication studies at York University, in Toronto, has
for decades won teaching awards and praise for his lectures. So when he was asked to do his first
online course, a couple of years ago, he was excited to head into a studio to capture his 50-minute talks
on video.

When the recordings went online, however, they were anything but hits. The main complaint: They
were much too long.

"It was the most extremely boring thing my students had ever seen," Mr. Kehoe acknowledges. His
course evaluations, usually glowing, grew dismal.

"I had to sit to down and look at these lectures and realize that when you're looking at someone online
as a talking head and shoulders in video, you just want to kill yourself after about 20 minutes," he says
with a laugh.

So, for the first time in his 40 years of teaching, he decided to overhaul his lectures. He broke them up
into 20-minute segments, each focusing on a narrow topic.

Other professors who have ventured into online education have made the same discovery: Just
because 50-minute classroom sessions are the norm on a college schedule does not make that the ideal
duration for students outside the lecture hall.

"Best practices are suggesting that shorter, modular clips … are more successful than 50-minute
sections," says John G. Flores, chief executive of the United States Distance Learning Association.
"The days of having someone lecture for 50 minutes via video pretty much are — or are least should
be — a thing of the past," he says.

And professors who have experimented with the short form online have learned something else:
Shorter may work better in the classroom, too.

Rise of 'Minilectures'

When talks are recorded, it's easy to experiment with different formats. Al Ducharme, assistant dean of
distance and distributed learning at the University of Central Florida, records his online lectures in his
office, using a Webcam and software by Tegrity Inc., a learning-technology company, that can grab the
PowerPoint slides he shows during his talk. He points out that the standard length for video on the
Internet is short — just a few minutes — and that such brevity is what students are used to. He divides
his lectures into topic-based segments and makes each one only as long as the material warrants.

"Some traditional lectures are 50 minutes just because lectures always tended to be 50 minutes — but
there's not 50 minutes worth of material in there," he says. "When I'm done, I'm done. I'm not just
going to keep talking just fill up the time."

Diane Zorn, an instructor at York University, calls her videos for online courses "minilectures." She
records them using a system from Sonic Foundry called Mediasite, designed to capture lectures and
stream them online.



                                                                                                        45
"I think even with a dynamic speaker, students after 30 minutes or 40 minutes are not going to be
taking much in," she says.

Ms. Zorn mixes the short lectures with hands-on activities. In one recorded lecture for a course on
reasoning, for instance, she asks students to pause the video, open up a worksheet from the course
Web site, and watch a short clip from the film Bowling for Columbine while answering a series of
questions about the arguments made in the clip.

"Students want to go discover things on the Internet themselves," she says, calling straight lecturing
too passive. "Passive learning is even worse online than in the classroom. At least in the lecture hall,
there are people around you that if you fall asleep, someone can give you a nudge."

Altering Tradition

Ms. Zorn says she has applied some lessons learned from teaching online to her classroom teaching.
She now delivers minilectures in person, and in between them she divides the students into teams to
perform exercises on classroom computers. "I think this would have been effective all along," she says
of her new lecture style.

Mr. Kehoe, the communication-studies professor at York, says his experience online has also changed
his performance in person.

When he teaches an hourlong class, he now breaks his material up into sections so he can stop every
15 minutes or so for a three-minute break, during which he'll show a comedy video clip from YouTube
or another Web site.

"I turned it into a kind of contest," he says. "They get to submit to me what they think are the funniest
videos," and he picks from those, rejecting any that are too racy. (The biggest hit with students so far
has been a Web video called "Do Not Fart"; the Canadian comic Russell Peters is also popular.)

Those short breaks pay off, he says. "When they move back to listening to me, they're concentrating in
a way they weren't before."

His students agree. "It made classes feel shorter," says Adelaida Ortega, a student who graduated from
York this month. "By having the lecture divided up into smaller sections, the course content seemed
less overwhelming. I didn't feel like the material was zooming by me."

Another of Mr. Kehoe's recent students, Jessica McCrossan, says the class always looked forward to
the "laugh break," as students called it. "I found it not only helped break the tension and relax us, it
helped to bring us closer to the professor as a person."

Oversimplifying?

Not everyone thinks that breaking up lectures is a good idea, though.

Marian C. Diamond, a professor of anatomy and neuroscience at the University of California at
Berkeley who has taught for more than 40 years, says her students often ask for her lectures to be
longer, not shorter. "We're following systems, and you want to give as complete a lecture at a time as
possible," she says. "That's what worries me about education today. Everybody's trying to simplify it."

But some longtime classroom professors say they have been organizing their lectures in smaller units
all along.


                                                                                                           46
"My lectures are already broken up into shorter sections," says Walter H.G. Lewin, a professor of
physics at the Massachusetts Institute for Technology, who has taught for more than 40 years. "It
varies from five minutes to 25 minutes."

His unusual lectures are full of playful demonstrations, almost a series of educational shorts.
The lectures are popular on the campus. And when MIT recently put recordings of them on YouTube,
they quickly drew thousands of hits.

Mr. Kehoe, of York, says the irony is that in his communication courses, he has long taught that
people's attention tends to drift after about 20 minutes of listening to information on any one topic.
But he had never taken the advice to heart.




                                                                                                         47
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Kennedy urges community colleges to enroll in direct-loan program
By PAUL BASKEN
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Washington – Sen. Edward M. Kennedy on Monday gave new voice to the growing fear that low-income
students, like those attending community colleges, will be among the hardest hit as worsening economic
conditions prompt more private lenders to cut back their student-loan operations.

The colleges themselves, however, may not share that fear. They seem more concerned about a different
prospect: that students already are borrowing too much when other sources of aid, such as Pell Grants,
would easily cover the institutions' generally low tuition.

In the letter, addressed to the lobbying group representing the nation's community colleges, Senator
Kennedy suggested the colleges take steps that include enrolling in the government's direct-loan program,
through which the Education Department issues loans to all eligible students. A number of lenders
participating in the rival guaranteed-student-loan program, in which financial companies issue the loans,
have announced various restrictions in their operations over the past months.

"Since lenders continue to say they may have to limit new loans to certain colleges, it's possible that the
neediest students, particularly those at community colleges, will need an alternative" to the bank -based
system for distributing federal student-loan money, Mr. Kennedy, Democrat of Massachusetts, wrote to
George R. Boggs, president and chief executive of the American Association of Community Colleges.

But an association official suggested that the problem might instead be that too many community-college
students are getting loans, not too few. There has been no reported case so far of any community-college
student who hasn't been able to find a federal loan through a lender participating in the bank-based system,
said David S. Baime, the association's vice president for government relations.

The association will forward Mr. Kennedy's letter to its members, so they can see the senator's suggestion
and consider enrolling in the direct-loan program, Mr. Baime said. M any colleges are already joining the
program, he said.

But the community-college association believes the bigger danger to students is their tendency to borrow
more money than they can probably afford to repay. The association therefore is stepping up its efforts to
win enactment by Congress of a measure that would give colleges the authority to reduce the amounts that
some students could borrow under the federal programs.

Some community colleges don't even participate in the federal loan programs, Mr. Baime said, in part
because they have no ability to turn down a student who appears to be seeking a loan that doesn't make
economic sense, given the student's long-term job prospects.

Some lenders are cutting back their loan offerings to students, despite an industry rescue plan approved last
month by Congress to encourage more private loan companies to participate in the government-subsidized
program. The plan commits the federal government to offering loan companies both low-interest lines of
credit and the ability to sell their loans to the government at a rate exceeding their face value.

The rescue plan, however, did not include incentives for lenders to offer private loans, which are higher -
cost loans that students typically seek after they have borrowed the maximum amounts allowed under the
federal program. Some community-college students also seek private loans, in part because their institution
does not choose to participate in the government-subsidized program.




                                                                                                              48
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Commentary: Student workers can learn more on the job
By JONATHAN S. LEWIS
Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Students work all around us, in classrooms, labs, and libraries. But in addition to their schoolwork, they also
work as employees — in the college union, the athletics center, the dining hall, and administrative offices.
For the most motivated students, employment in campus offices and labs can advance their chosen career
tracks, including opportunities for graduate school.

It's not a bad arrangement for either side, provided you don't look behind the curtain and notice the reality:
Many student positions are one-dimensional jobs where the chief criterion for hire is a student's willingness
to sit behind a desk for hours on end. How can we — staff and faculty members alike — infuse learning
into our student employees' experience?

To begin with, we need to understand how students learn when they're not in the classroom or lab. We also
need to identify what we want our students to learn outside the classroom, and how we can effectively go
about teaching those lessons. Student-affairs officers and researchers have sought to better define,
understand, and promote learning within our co-curricular and extracurricular programs. Student
employment has the potential to be a significant developmental experience for many students.

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, nearly 50 percent of undergraduates work in
part-time jobs while enrolled as full-time students. Those jobs provide an excellent extracurricular setting in
which to promote learning after class has ended — and not only in areas related to job performance.
Students grow as leaders, develop career paths, and discover how to balance courses, work, and personal
lives. Yet as supervisors we often show concern for little more than satisfactory job performance. How do
we better uncover the learning already occurring in our workplaces?

In 2007 I conducted a study at Northwestern University's college union in an attempt to find out. The study
determined which workplace activities were significantly related to students' learning, focusing particularly
on experiences that might produce growth in five key areas: leadership, career development, civic
engagement, ethics and values development, and responsible independence. (Those are considered key areas
of development by student-affairs researchers and organizations focused on student learning.) Student
employees were asked to report the extent to which they engaged with certain developmental experiences
on the job, such as opportunities for collaboration, receiving feedback from their peers, and making
decisions intuitively. Students then rated their competency in each area after reading a prototypical
description of each (e.g., "Career Development entails establishing an understanding of yourself in relation
to your professional life choices. It includes gaining knowledge and experience related to preparing yourself
for your emerging career path"). To what extent, we wanted to know, do they believe their engagement with
such workplace experiences influenced their level of learning in the five major areas?

Students' staff supervisors completed a similar survey, offering an outside perspective on the students' own
reports. The results showed that both student employees and their supervisors believed that work tasks and
behavioral components encountered during the students' jobs produced learning in those five key areas.

Those who supervise student employees can better promote learning with a careful structuring of
workplace tasks, interactions, and processes. Some easy, concrete suggestions for accomplishing that
include:

Increase opportunities for peer collaboration and evaluation. Too many students work in relative
isolation, even though the benefits associated with working and solving problems as a team are well known.
Supervisors should create ways for student employees to work with their peers, which can lead to growth in
leadership skills. Solo positions or those that don't require skilled labor — such as the student who swipes
ID cards at the gym — can pose a challenge. However, regular team meetings, opportunities for shadowing,



                                                                                                            49
and virtual methods for collaboration like online discussion groups or message boards can help employees
feel connected to their distant co-workers and the larger goals of the group.

Additionally, student workers should be given the chance to give and receive evaluation from their peers.
With proper coaching from supervisors, peer evaluation can refocus team members on common goals,
provide perspectives to which we as supervisors may not be privy, and give students the chance to practice
giving feedback that is dynamic, meaningful, and growth-orientated. At the University of Chicago, for
instance, student building managers give objective verbal and written feedback to new trainees on their
performance, which helps those trainees develop as responsible, independent workers.

Create occasions for informal interactions between students, faculty members, and administrators.
Research has shown that students learn from such interactions, so supervisors should arrange shared
projects, team meetings, and group gatherings or meals outside of working hours. At Northwestern's
college union, student employees who are promoted to supervisory positions join the professional staff in a
retreat each September, which includes football and Frisbee alongside workshops on leadership and
workplace ethics. The results of the study at Northwestern suggested that students felt that they learned
more from situations like those that included informal interactions than from other, purely formalized
training.

Encourage more congruence between the curriculum and the co-curriculum. Such meaningful
congruence can lead to greater learning. To create it, faculty and staff members must work together to
structure courses, activities, internships, and projects that catalyze growth in similar knowledge areas. That
challenge can be particularly vexing when students work in a position that may appear to be light-years away
from what they are studying in the classroom. In such situations, we must uncover and make explicit the
learning opportunities that cross even the largest content gaps, such as growth in communication skills,
learning to work with diverse populations, and developing a personal system of ethics and values. Faculty
members should ask their students to include "real world" experiences during discussions in classes or as
part of their written assignments. In the workplace, staff supervisors should help student employees
sharpen their skills in verbal and written communications, follow-through, public speaking, and idea
generation by assigning them to lead meetings, manage special projects, mediate disputes, or write
proposals.

Pair faculty and staff members in learning-focused research teams. Learning must be the ultimate
goal of a well-designed student-employment program, so it's up to us as supervisors to start conducting
empirical research on learning in the workplace — perhaps with help from research faculty members at our
institutions. A thoughtful study will provide data from which to create positive changes in a student-
employment program. While educating staff members in proper research methods may be an unwelcome
distraction for some professors, everyone — including department chairs and senior administrators —
should recognize that supporting a learning-focused, research-oriented relationship with student-affairs
professionals is a wise long-term investment.
To best serve our students and respond to calls that we be accountable for our use of their time and tuition
dollars, those of us who work with student employees must refocus on learning as the core of a thoughtful
student-employment program. In so doing, we can foster the transformative educational experience that
our students deserve.

Jonathan S. Lewis is assistant director for the Reynolds Club and Bartlett Hall at the University of Chicago.




                                                                                                                50
The Chronicle of Higher Education
New SAT is about the same as the old one, college board finds
By ERIC HOOVER
Wednesday, June 18, 2008

The latest word about the new SAT? It gives colleges about the same information as the old one did.

On Tuesday, the College Board announced that the recent changes in the SAT had not substantially
altered how accurately it predicts first-year grades. The news prompted applause from the test's
proponents, scorn from its critics, and little surprise from admissions deans.

Officials at the College Board, the nonprofit organization that owns the test, say the research affirms
that revisions to the exam—including the addition of a writing section—did not diminish its value to
admissions offices. The research also found that the new writing section was more predictive of
freshman grade-point averages than the other two sections, critical reading and math.

The College Board's research comprised two "validity studies," the first to include the full cohort of
students who took the new SAT and finished their first year of college this spring. The studies
evaluated data on approximately 150,000 students at 110 four-year institutions.

"This is very important and positive news for colleges," Gaston Caperton, the College Board's
president, said on Tuesday.

It's not quite what the College Board had predicted, however, before the new SAT debuted, in March
2005. Prior to that, the group sent admissions officials a guide to the revised test, which said the new
version "can be expected to have greater predictive power of a student's probable success" than the
previous version had.

On Tuesday, Laurence Bunin, a senior vice president at the College Board who oversees the SAT, said
the test, while not perfect, remained an "excellent predictor" of academic success. The research, said
Mr. Bunin, affirmed that writing skills were "critical to college success."

Regard for Writing Section

So far, colleges have had a mixed response to the writing section, which includes a 25-minute essay. In
a recent Chronicle survey of admissions officials, 32 percent of those who require or consider test scores
said the writing test had "no influence" on their evaluation of applicants, while 17 percent said they
had "great influence."

Many deans have said they were waiting for long-term data on the test before deciding how, or if, they
would use the test. For now, Martin A. Wilder Jr., vice president for enrollment and communication at
the University of Mary Washington, said his staff uses the writing score only as a "plus factor" in
instances where a high score might help an applicant's chances. A student with low scores on the
critical-reading section and high grades in English classes, for example, might benefit from a high score
on the writing section.

"More information is better than less information," Mr. Wilder said. "But we would never make an
admissions decision based solely on any test score."

The College Board's research showed that high-school grades remain slightly more predictive of
freshman grade-point averages than are SAT scores. College Board officials reiterated on Tuesday that
SAT scores combined with high-school grades were the best predictor of first-year grades in college.


                                                                                                         51
Predictive Powers Limited

Yet some admissions deans have long argued that freshman-year grades are a limited measure of
success in college. Theodore A. O'Neill, dean of admissions at the University of Chicago, mused that
the SAT scores would interest him more if they could predict who would become an "interesting
thinker."

"If the standard remains predicting first-year grades, the predictive value of the test thus far isn't
impressive enough to make the test very important in our considerations," Mr. O'Neill said "If the new
test is a little bit better or a little bit worse, I don't know if it makes that much difference."

The College Board's research revealed that the new SAT, like the old version, is a more accurate
predictor for some groups of students than for others. The exam tends to "underpredict" the grades of
women and "overpredict" those of men. And SAT scores are more predictive for white students than
for minority students.

Those discrepancies, said Mr. Bunin of the College Board, reflect differing levels of access to education
among test takers, not flaws in the SAT. "The test," he said, "is absolutely fair."

The catch for admissions officials is that the SAT was created to help level the playing field among
applicants from different backgrounds—not to amplify those differences.

"The SAT intensifies disadvantages," says Robert A. Schaeffer, public-education director for the
National Center for Fair & Open Testing.

Perhaps the most significant changes in the SAT affect students—not colleges. The revised test lasts
three hours and 45 minutes (45 minutes longer than its predecessor) and costs $45, up from $29.50.

According to the College Board's research, however, the much-touted writing section adds very little
predictive value to the overall test. When combined with high-school grades, the scores on the three
sections had a strong correlation with freshman grade-point averages. But that correlation is just 0.01
stronger than without the writing section.

ACT Inc., the nonprofit group that owns the ACT, has found that its own writing test (which is
optional) adds little predictive value to the exam. The nonprofit group has recommended that colleges
consider if writing tests are worth the added expense for students.

On Tuesday, the College Board repeated its prediction that more colleges would embrace the writing
test now that they have more data on it. Mr. Schaeffer offered a different view.

"The College Board's slogan," he said, "should be 'Meet the new test, same as the old test—only longer
and more expensive.'"




                                                                                                       52
The Chronicle of Higher Education
A new model for recruiting foreign students raises interest and questions
By KATE MOSER
Thursday, June 19, 2008

A London-based company with an unusual model for helping colleges recruit international students
has generated concern among faculty members as it has begun expanding into the United States.

The private company, Into University Partnerships, has formed joint ventures with five British
universities, building centers where international students who may not have qualified for direct
admission because of language and other academic deficits live, study, become acculturated, and ideally
matriculate at their host institutions. While supporters say such partnerships allow colleges to reach
students they could not have recruited on their own, some academics question whether a private
company should be so heavily involved in academic issues.

The terms of each partnership vary, but they are typically multiyear deals in which both parties agree to
split the cost of recruiting and educating international students.

The colleges offer their brand and their academic oversight, while Into contributes extensive marketing
resources. In some of its partnerships, Into builds facilities and then leases them to the university. The
company has 40 staff members in 15 countries managing 400 recruiting agents. Students at the Into
centers in Britain are predominantly from countries in Asia, though Into also recruits in Russia,
Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and central Africa, among other regions.

Oregon State University is one of the three universities that Into is negotiating with in the United
States. (Into declined to name the other two.) Oregon State officials said they could begin admitting
students through Into as early as the fall of 2009.

Oregon administrators herald the partnership as a creative, high-quality solution for a university that
lacks the money to recruit many foreign students on its own.

Sabah U. Randhawa, provost and executive vice president at Oregon State, said his institution wanted
to double its international-student enrollment, which stands at about 5 percent of the student
population. But, he says, "we haven't made much progress."

Oregon State expects that Into will help them to recruit 150 to 175 new international students during
the first year of the partnership. Within three years, that number is expected to rise to 500 new
students per year.

Upon arrival, those students will enroll in a special nondegree program designed by both the university
and the company, which will provide English-language classes and selected undergraduate courses.
While the details are still being worked out, early plans have both Into staff members and Oregon State
professors teaching those core classes in mathematics, science, and other prerequisites for the students'
chosen fields of study. The students will eventually live and study in a new center on the campus built
especially for them, though that building probably won't be ready when the first class arrives.

Those students who successfully complete 45 credit hours and meet requirements for admission to
Oregon State could enter the university as sophomores. They would have to apply like any other
student.

Into students would likely end up paying full out-of-state tuition, Oregon officials say, which is $18,864
a year. Foreign students who now study at Oregon State's English Language Institute and take


                                                                                                          53
undergraduate classes pay less tuition at the institute than they do for university credit hours. Each
term, about 200 international students take English-language courses at the institute.

Oregon State expects to contribute about $1-million in start-up costs and may build the new residence
and classrooms, which could cost around $52-million.

That upfront investment makes financial sense, said Mark E. McCambridge, Oregon's vice president
for finance and administration, because it would cost much more than $1-million to get the same
number of international students on the campus. And the university would need a new building
anyway to house and teach that many additional students, Mr. McCambridge said.

"We're attempting to diversify our revenue base with less state funding and trying to retain the quality
of the programs that we provide," Mr. McCambridge said. "Full-paying international students enhance
our ability to deliver services to all of the students here."

Equally important, administrators say, Into can help raise enrollment while supporting the university's
academic standards.

"What's really appealing about their concept is that it's so integrated into the academic plan," said Mr.
McCambridge. "We see it as being something that will allow the students that we recruit to be really
successful in the institution."

Questions of Control

But some academics at Oregon State say that the partnership could cede too much control to an
outside company. Faculty members at the English Language Institute, for instance, would remain
university employees but work under Into's supervision. The institute would continue offering the
same courses, but its structure could change, Mr. Randhawa said.

"We have a well-functioning language program now," said Deborah L. Healey, an associate professor
and immediate past director of the institute, who is wary of the deal. While faculty members at the
institute are excited about teaching more international undergraduates, she said, "we would like to see
this happen in a way that builds on the strength of the language program."

Jane E. Averill, the institute's director, agrees. "We're not totally sure how all this is going to affect us,"
she said about the institute's employees.

In a recent newsletter from Oregon's association for English-language teachers, Keli Yerian, an
English instructor at the University of Oregon, wrote that academics wonder "whether the quality of
instruction will be compromised, whether staff interests (such as salary, benefits, and contracts) will be
protected, and whether this trend toward privatization in higher education will threaten academic
freedom and control."

Above all, Ms. Healey said, faculty members worry about how integrated Into students will be into
university life, and whether they will be promised world-class facilities only to be disappointed by the
existing residences that would await them in the fall of 2009.

Mr. Randhawa, Oregon State's provost, said the terms of the Into partnership would ensure
accountability and quality control. "My impression is that there is perhaps a lot more say in how the
university is branded and how it is sold to students outside the United States than there would be if
universities were to go on their own trying to find agents," Mr. Randhawa said. "Here there is a
structure accountable to us."


                                                                                                            54
Andrew Colin, Into's chairman, said that in all of its partnerships, all academic content and entrance
requirements were controlled by the universities.

"The results have been outstanding in terms of student recruitment, institutional support for what
we're doing, and student experience," he said.

He also rejected the idea that a university is somehow ceding control when it works with his company.

Some universities have outsourced their international-recruiting operations, he said, but that's not what
Into does. "Our whole approach and our business model is about helping universities," he said. "It's
like 'insourcing,' in reality—we're saying, You do need to do this, and we're going to help you do it
cost-effectively and at a high quality."

Into has outlined an aggressive expansion plan. According to its marketing materials, its projects "will
drive investment of more than $2-billion in assets and infrastructure over the next five years, as 25
leading universities join the Into alliance of partners." The company recently opened an office in
Washington, and Mr. Colin said Into has been "warmly received" by leading universities in the United
States.

Administrators at two of the British universities that have deals with Into, the University of East
Anglia and the University of Manchester, said they were happy. The first 120 former Into students just
finished their first academic year at the University of East Anglia, the first British institution to make a
deal with the company. Those students represent 60 percent of the original group. The others either
failed to meet the university's entrance standards or chose to attend other institutions.

"So far our expectation has been exceeded in number and in quality," said Edward D.J. Acton, vice
chancellor at the university.

The University of Manchester has a different arrangement. Into created a partnership with nearby City
College Manchester, and successful students are then guaranteed admission to the university. Tim
Westlake, director of student recruitment, admissions, and international development at the university,
said it has retained its original English-language unit and hasn't transferred staff to Into. But the
university wanted the guarantee of quality students coming from abroad. "Even though we're the
biggest recruiter of international students" in Britain, he said, "we can't be complacent."




                                                                                                          55
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Science fraud at universities is common – and commonly ignored
By JEFFREY BRAINARD
Thursday, June 19, 2008

Acts of scientific fraud, such as fabricating or manipulating data, appear to be surprisingly common
but are underreported to university officials, says a report published today in the journal Nature. And
the institutions may have investigated them far too seldom, the report's authors write.

The Nature report draws on the largest and most-systematic survey to date about research misconduct
as defined by the federal government—namely, fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. The Office of
Research Integrity, a federal agency that oversees misconduct cases, sponsored the study. It was carried
out with the help of the Gallup Organization, which collected responses from 2,212 federally financed
scientists about apparent misconduct that they had directly witnessed among colleagues.

Extrapolating from the survey findings, the authors offered a "conservative" estimate of 2,325 possible
instances of illegal research misconduct nationally per year. Of those, only 58 percent, or roughly 1,350
incidents, were reported to institutional officials. The authors call this small percentage "alarming."

Based on the volume of observed misconduct, the authors argue that the number investigated by
universities is too low. Federal rules give institutions that receive federal grants the lead responsibility
for probing allegations against their researchers, but universities and other institutions have reported
an average of only 24 investigations annually to the Office of Research Integrity . The office has the
power to disbar scientists from participating in federally financed studies.

"Our study calls into question the effectiveness of self-regulation," the authors write in a peer-reviewed
commentary in Nature. "We hope it will lead individuals and institutions to evaluate their commitment
to research integrity."

The authors are Sandra L. Titus, an official in the research-integrity office, Lawrence J. Rhoades, the
emeritus director of its education division, and James A. Wells, director of research policy at the
University of Wisconsin at Madison. Mr. Wells previously worked for Gallup, where he directed the
survey on research misconduct.

Their estimated incidence of misconduct is in line with those in a handful of previous studies. (The
authors reported the incidence rate as at least 1.5 observed cases per 100 researchers annually.)

Questions About Methodology

But some observers criticized those previous estimates as seemingly too high and the studies'
methodologies as flawed. So the research-integrity office designed the survey and its study to respond
to the criticism. For example, members of the authors' research team evaluated whether the apparent
misconduct described by the scientists surveyed appeared to meet the federal definition of research
misconduct.

The leader of a previous major study on the topic called the latest one "sound and rigorous." Brian C.
Martinson, a senior research investigator at HealthPartners Research Foundation, a nonprofit
organization in Minneapolis, led a 2005 study, also published in Nature, that found an even broader
incidence of ethically questionable research practices, not just the federally proscribed kind (The
Chronicle, June 9, 2005).




                                                                                                           56
At least one university official still had questions about the new study in Nature. Robert R. Rich, the
medical-school dean at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, said that, although he had not seen
the study, the reported incident rate seemed high.

The authors cited several possible reasons for the disconnect between the number of offenses they
estimated and the number of investigations by universities. For example, institutions may have
determined that some of the allegations lacked merit. Other colleges may have resolved the complaints
through an inquiry, a precursor to a formal investigation. Universities are not required to report the
results of inquiries or how many they conduct to the Office of Research Integrity.

However, the authors say these do not "sufficiently explain the discrepancy." They point a finger at
institutions, saying that many may discourage reporting of research misconduct to avoid the resulting
expense of investigation as well as the internal controversy and public embarrassment. The authors
point out that the research-integrity study found that less than a third of institutional policies on
misconduct explicitly obligate faculty members to report scientific misconduct. Another study found
that 43 percent of whistle-blowers surveyed said their institutions pressured them to drop such
allegations.

Mr. Martinson added that the study raises important questions about the ways that universities handle
misconduct after an initial complaint.




                                                                                                      57
Chronicle of Higher Education
State budgets are weakening, and the worst may be yet to come
Sarah Hebel
Friday, June 20, 2008

The economy in many states is weakening, and the overall state-budget outlook for the next several
years is gloomy, according to a report released on Thursday by the National Governors Association
and the National Association of State Budget Officers.

Budget conditions vary among the states, according to the report, "The Fiscal Survey of the States."
But overall growth in state spending has slowed significantly, it says, and an increasing number of
states face revenue shortfalls. Tighter state budgets often signal bad news for college officials and
students, who face cuts in operating budgets and increases in tuition as legislatures struggle to make
ends meet.

The worsening economy already this year has led public institutions in states such as Alabama, Florida,
and Tennessee to scale back their operations to absorb state-budget cuts. Among other cuts, the
colleges are eliminating jobs, curtailing enrollments, phasing out academic programs, and canceling
construction projects. Significant cuts also loom for colleges in other states, including California and
Nevada.

The current fiscal year "marked a turning point for state finances with a significant increase in states
seeing fiscal difficulties, in stark contrast to the preceding several years," the report says.

In the 2008 fiscal year, which ends on June 30 in most states, spending from state appropriations grew
by 5.1 percent, compared with a growth rate of 9.3 percent a year ago and the 31-year average growth
rate of 6.7 percent, according to the report. Thirteen states this year have already had to reduce
budgets they had previously enacted for 2008, and governors have recommended budgets for the next
fiscal year that contain an average spending increase of only 1 percent, the report adds.

A 4-Year Slowdown?

And the worst may be yet to come, officials at the governors' and budget officers' groups said. States
historically have continued to suffer negative fallout from national economic downturns even after a
recovery begins, the officials said.

"I'm really scared we could be in a three- or four-year slowdown," said Raymond C. Scheppach,
executive director of the National Governors Association.

The current economic troubles in many states stem from such sources as the decline in housing prices
and increases in energy costs. Both trends tend to curtail revenues, particularly those from corporate
and sales taxes, Mr. Scheppach said. At the same time, states continue to face rising costs, including for
Medicaid, other health-care programs, employee pensions, and infrastructure projects.

Over all, state revenue collections have increased by 1.7 percent in the 2008 fiscal year over the year
before. Twenty states' revenues fell below projections, 14 states met their projections, and 15 states
exceeded their projections. Meanwhile, states' health-care costs are projected to grow by 8 percent per
year through 2018, the report says. Right now, Medicaid alone already makes up about 22 percent of
total state spending.




                                                                                                           58
The states that are doing well financially tend to be those that have large agricultural or mineral
industries that are benefiting from high commodity and energy prices, the groups said. Among those
states are Montana, West Virginia, and Wyoming. However, some of the states that had been faring
relatively well, such as Iowa, may soon begin to face financial problems because of the recent floods,
which have destroyed crops.




                                                                                                     59
Chronicle of Higher Education
The next satellite campus may be on satellite radio
Jeffrey R. Young
Friday, June 20, 2008

The proposed merger of the nation's two satellite-radio networks, XM and Sirius, got a major boost
this week from the federal government after the companies agreed to set aside 12 channels for
noncommercial programming. College officials were quick to express interest in using the proposed
channels.

The boost came from the chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, who recommended
the merger after XM Satellite Radio Holdings and Sirius Satellite Radio agreed to the channel set-aside,
as well as some other concessions.

Lawrence M. Miller, a telecommunications lawyer at Schwartz, Woods & Miller who is tracking the
issue, said there was precedent for broadcast companies promising to offer educational content in
exchange for government approval. "This is comparable to what the commission requires in
television," he said.

"It would certainly be open to higher education," he added, noting that if the merger goes through and
the new radio channels materialize, "you would expect there to be some higher-education presence."

Lectures and 'U-Span'

Michael G. Freedman, vice president for communications at George Washington University, sent an e-
mail message to officials at XM this week proposing two channels that the university would like to
lead.

One would offer recorded lectures and events from Washington-based cultural institutions, such as the
Smithsonian Institution and the Library of Congress. The other would be a channel modeled on C -
Span, with public lectures from universities instead of recordings of Congressional proceedings. (Mr.
Freedman tentatively referred to the proposed channel as "U-Span.")

"Why shouldn't the media be used for educational purposes?" asked Mr. Freedman. "It simply expands
the role of distance learning if you think about it that way."

The university already produces three shows for XM—Politics From the Nation's Capital, American Jazz,
and Beyond Category, a program featuring profiles of artists and educators.

Mr. Freedman, who previously served as the general manager of CBS Radio Network News, said the
university announced plans on Thursday to create a Global Media Institute that will lead projects like
U-Span, whether the content is broadcast on satellite radio, over the Internet, or by other means.

"This offers universities an opportunity for branding in the marketplace and doing it in the public
interest," Mr. Freedman said.




                                                                                                      60
Interest in Seattle

Tom Mara, executive director of KEXP-FM (90.3), a public radio station based at the University of
Washington, said his organization was also interested in providing content for the newly proposed
channels.

"Our listeners have been asking for this for quite a long time," he said. The station offers its content
free online, as well as over the air waves, but teaming up with a satellite-radio company would allow
more people outside the Seattle area to listen in their cars and other places where they cannot get
access to the Internet.

"We'll be following this closely," he said.

The FCC must now vote on the proposed merger. In a written statement this week, the commission's
chairman, Kevin J. Martin, said he was recommending the merger because "on balance, this transaction
would be in the public interest."

The companies have also agreed to hold prices down, offer smaller packages at lower cost, use open
technical standards, sell interoperable radios, and set aside channels for minority programming, he said
in explaining his decision.

Officials from XM and Sirius could not be reached for comment.




                                                                                                           61
Chronicle of Higher Education
Lenders say department’s threshold for ‘last resort’ relief is too high
Paul Basken
Friday, June 20, 2008

The U.S. Department of Education, setting terms for the "lender of last resort" provisions in its
student-loan rescue plan, has decided that colleges will be eligible for institutionwide relief only if at
least 80 percent of their expected borrowers can't find a lender.

The terms, set out in a letter on Thursday from Vincent T. Sampson, deputy assistant secretary for
postsecondary education, met immediate protest from groups representing lenders, which complained
that such a high hurdle would effectively wipe out the benefit intended by Congress.

"The 80-percent standard is unreasonable and far too high," said Larry Zaglaniczny, director of
Congressional relations at the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators, which
represents both college financial-aid officials and student-loan providers.

College representatives were more willing to accept the number, noting that the proposed lender-of-
last-resort system should remain a rarely used backstop provision.

"This is consistent with the community's desire not to see this ever become a lender-of-first-resort
program," said Becky H. Timmons, assistant vice president for government relations at the American
Council on Education.

Fewer Withdrawals of Lenders

Mr. Sampson issued the letter as the Education Department is putting its final touches on a series of
measures to help ensure that private student-loan companies will continue to work with the
government to provide federally subsidized student loans.

Education Secretary Margaret Spellings, acting with the approval of Congress, announced last month a
plan under which the government will offer loan companies both low-interest lines of credit and the
ability to sell their loans to the government at a rate exceeding their face value (The Chronicle, May 22).

Both lenders and government officials have expressed confidence that the secretary's plan will be
sufficient to ensure that all students who want a federally backed loan will be able to find one in time
for the start of classes in the fall.

Only about 64 of nearly 2,000 loan companies that participated in the federal system this past academic
year have now indicated that they will not participate in the coming year, Ms. Spellings said in a letter
on Wednesday to college presidents.

Largely as a result of the industry rescue plan announced in May, the trend among lenders to withdraw
from the federal program "appears to be slowing, and, in fact, two lenders that had announced their
nonparticipation have now indicated that they will continue to make loans," Ms. Spellings wrote.

In addition, she said, some lenders have made clear that they will accept all eligible students who seek a
federal loan from them.




                                                                                                             62
'High and Arbitrary'

The Education Department, prodded by Congress, also has taken steps in recent weeks to strengthen
its lender-of-last-resort provisions, which already exist in law, in the event some students still cannot
find a willing loan provider. The provisions give additional access to federal loan money to any eligible
student rejected by at least three private lenders. Congress asked the secretary to extend that
designation to an entire campus if large numbers of students at that campus get rejections.

The department's announcement on Thursday, requiring a campus to show that 80 percent of its
eligible students could not find a willing lender, essentially wipes out the benefit that Congress sought
to provide, Mr. Zaglaniczny and other industry experts said.

The 80-percent level "seems very high and arbitrary," said Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of FinAid, a
Web site sponsored by Citigroup Inc. that provides student-aid advice. "I would have thought that
they'd use a simple majority and not an overwhelming majority. This puts a lot of burden on the
schools."

The department still has not issued final regulations setting out details of its plan. The additional
guidelines that Mr. Sampson described on Thursday, besides setting the 80-percent requirement, give
the department the further right to deny an institutionwide lender-of-last-resort emergency if the
department itself can find a willing lender for students.

That leaves the possibility of additional burdens on colleges, which would have to wait while the
department finds that willing lender, Mr. Zaglaniczny said.

Colleges shouldn't be worried about the lender-of-last-resort provisions, given the widespread
willingness of private lenders to serve students, Ms. Timmons said. "All other options should be
explored and tried before a prospective borrower would turn to this solution," she said.




                                                                                                       63
Chronicle of Higher Education
Pell grant and NIH would get increases in House spending bill for 2009
Jeffrey Brainard
Friday, June 20, 2008

The maximum Pell Grant would rise by $169, to $4,900, and the National Institutes of Health, the
largest source of funds for academic research, would get a boost of $1.2-billion, or 4 percent, under a
spending bill for 2009 approved by a U.S. House of Representatives panel on Thursday.

Most federal student-aid programs would be frozen at this year's levels. Two designated to receive
small increases were the TRIO programs for disadvantaged students and Gear Up, which helps low -
income elementary and secondary students prepare for and attend college. (Specific figures for those
two programs are to be released next week.)

The vote, by an appropriations subcommittee, was the first step in the legislative process, and the full
House Committee on Appropriations is to take up the measure next week.

The bill, which finances an array of social, educational, and health programs, is the largest spending
measure considered by Congress annually and the one most important to academe.

Congress, however, appears to be in no hurry to approve the bill, and lawmakers and university
lobbyists are resigned that this year's appropriations process may be especially long, unpredictable, and
influenced by partisan calculations.

Congressional Democrats have said they may hold off approving spending bills until after the
November election and, if Sen. Barack Obama becomes president, until he takes office. That's because
they prefer not to risk deadlocking with President Bush over federal spending levels for the second
year in a row. Mr. Bush initially vetoed last year the 2008 version of the health-and-education bill, and
the Democrats lacked the votes for an override. They ultimately agreed, reluctantly, to a scaled-back
version that provided flat financing or cuts for higher-education and other programs this year.

But Congressional Democrats are confident they would find in a President Obama an ally and member
of their party who would share their spending priorities, including in health and education.

Not a Level Playing Field

Rep. David R. Obey, a Wisconsin Democrat who leads the House Appropriations committee, pointed
out on Thursday that should the proposed increase for the Pell Grant be enacted, it would be a
significant rise: The maximum grant, which helps needy students afford college, will have increased by
$850, or 21 percent, from 2006 to 2009.

Explaining the need for an increase next year, Congressman Obey cited statistics that families in the
top 20 percent of the income distribution pay only 5 percent for college costs compared with 70
percent for families in the bottom 20 percent.

"If anyone thinks that is providing a level playing field, they're smoking something that isn't legal," he
said.

The bill does eliminate funds for a controversial elementary-school program, Reading First, which
came under severe criticism last year after its university-based consultants were accused of financial



                                                                                                         64
conflicts (The Chronicle, February 2, 2007). Mr. Obey said the funds should be cut because "that
program has been plagued with mismanagement, conflicts of interest, and cronyism" and had "no
discernible impact on students' reading performance."

The proposed increase for the NIH is significant because the agency's budget has grown more slowly
than inflation since 2003, resulting in what academic biomedical scientists call a debilitating cut.
President Bush's budget for 2009 called for no increase for the agency.

The House bill also would reverse a deep cut proposed by President Bush for the Health Professions
and Nursing Education programs, which train doctors, nurses, and other health workers for
underserved rural and urban areas. The measure would instead add $69-million to this year's spending
level of $350-million for those programs. (But that total would remain below the $450-million enacted
in 2005.)

The bill covers the 2009 fiscal year, which begins in October, but in recent years, because of partisan
wrangling, lawmakers have regularly completed spending measures several months into the new fiscal
year. Until finishing that work, lawmakers have typically financed federal programs on a temporary
basis at the previous year's levels and are expected to do so again this fall.




                                                                                                      65
Chronicle of Higher Education
Subcommittees debate proposal to bring international students to U.S.
Ingrid Norton
Friday, June 20, 2008

Since coming to the United States as a college student, Rachel Ochako, a Kenyan who was orphaned at
age 13, has developed a love of economics and novels, enjoying discussions in her classes at
Middlebury College where she is encouraged to disagree. She credits the Davis United World College
Scholars program, which gave her a private scholarship covering much of her tuition, for enabling her
to "take different perspectives back" from the United States to her home country.

Ms. Ochako testified on Thursday at a hearing held jointly by subcommittees of the House Foreign
Affairs and House Education and Labor Committees. She supports a proposal that the chairman of a
foreign affairs subcommittee plans to introduce as legislation. The proposed program would use
federal funds to allow financially needy international students from developing countries like her to
attend U.S. colleges.

The plan for the "Uniting Students in America" program would finance 7,500 scholarships each year
for undergraduates from foreign countries who come from low-income families. Rep. William
Delahunt, a Democrat from Massachusetts who is the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Subcommittee
on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight, said he plans to introduce a bill by the
end of the summer that would create the scholarship program. The program is projected to cost $1-
billion over four years and would assist 30,000 students per year by the time it is fully phased in.

Mr. Delahunt, who convened Thursday's meeting, said that he viewed the program as a "foreign policy
initiative," one that would enable foreign students to take a favorable view of the United States back to
their home countries and thus improve perceptions of the U.S. in the developing world. He noted that
few programs existed to support international education at an undergraduate level and that his
program would "fill a gap" left by graduate fellowships like Fulbright. To buttress his statements about
the importance of international education, Mr. Delahunt cited quotations from presumptive
presidential nominees, Senators John McCain and Barack Obama, who have voiced strong support for
international-education scholarships and opportunities.

Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, a Republican from California, said that while the proposal had benevolent
and humane motives, it was "wrongheaded" to spend a billion dollars on foreign students when
financially needy U.S. students receive "a pittance" from federal Pell Grants. Given that about 583,000
international students were studying in the United States as of last year, Mr. Rohrabacher said he saw
no pressing need to increase the number.

College officials and others who testified also asked the lawmakers to consider how the financial needs
of students would be determined and whether to create a separate visa category to ensure that students
return to their home countries.

Caleb S. Rossiter, counselor to Mr. Delahunt, said that his boss plans to introduce the bill before
Congress's August recess. Mr. Rossiter said that if the bill passes, it will provide an opportunity this
year to lay the administrative groundwork for the idea before a new presidential administration takes
over. Citing the quotes Mr. Delahunt read from each presidential nominee, Mr. Rossiter said he
expects that the next president, "whoever it is," will be in favor of the program.




                                                                                                           66

								
To top