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Thanksgiving

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					Thanksgiving

 By: Chelsie Slater
  Steven Holliday
   Brittany Allen

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            Table of Contents
   Introduction
   Content
   Objectives
   Activities
   Evaluation
   Student Resources
   Teacher Resources
   Media Resources
                                2
               Introduction
The story of Thanksgiving is rich with our country’s
history. The relationships between the Native
Americans and the Pilgrims, the journey from
England, and the importance of unity and community.
Thanksgiving is too often overlooked as a time to sit
and eat and not reflect. The purpose of this unit is to
bring the foundational elements of thanksgiving to
our students at a developmentally appropriate level.



                                                      3
                 Content
This unit will be based on Thanksgiving.
Children will learn about the first
Thanksgiving and how it is different than our
Thanksgiving celebration today. They will
discover the location of Plymouth, have a fall
feast, and learn that there are rules that govern
all societies.


                                                    4
          Vocabulary/Concepts
   Thanksgiving       Museum
   Pilgrims           Celebration
   Indians            Society
   Hudson River       Feast
   Cape Cod           Barter
   Holland            Plymouth
   England


                                      5
                  Objectives
   Students will gain an understanding of the
    history of the Pilgrims and Native Americans
    and their first Thanksgiving in 1621.
   Students will gain knowledge of the different
    foods harvested and eaten during the
    Thanksgiving holiday.
   Students will gain knowledge of how different
    families celebrate Thanksgiving.

                                                    6
                   Objectives
   Students will be able to identify artifacts used
    by the Pilgrims and Native Americans.
   Students will be able to use a map correctly to
    identify specific locations.
   Students will be able to recognize differences
    and similarities between the first Thanksgiving
    of 1621 and how they celebrate Thanksgiving
    today.

                                                   7
                  Activity #1
   Introduction: Read Pilgrims First
    Thanksgiving By: Ann Mcgovern and Elroy
    Freem.
   During: Have children write about how the
    Thanksgiving in the book is different than the
    Thanksgiving they know today.
   Closing: Have the children partner up and
    discuss the differences they each found.

                                                     8
                  Activity #2
   Introduction: Discuss children’s writing from
    activity #1. Have them explain how
    Thanksgiving is different now than it was then.
   During: Ask children to interview an older
    adult to see how Thanksgiving was celebrated
    when they were young.
   Closing: Have children discuss what they
    found out from their interviews.

                                                  9
                  Activity #3
   Introduction: Discuss the types of items that
    the Pilgrims or Indians may have used during
    the first Thanksgiving.
   During: Have children collect items, from
    home, that they might have used during the
    first Thanksgiving.
   Closing: Children will bring in these items and
    set up a small Thanksgiving museum.

                                                  10
                  Activity #4
   Introduction: Discuss where the Pilgrims came
    from, where they were going, and how they
    got there.
   During: Have children locate Plymouth MA,
    the Hudson River, Cape Cod, Holland, and
    England.
   Closing: Discuss these different locations.


                                                11
                  Activity #5
   Introduction: Discuss how the Pilgrims and
    Indians lived during 1621.
   During: Have children write about how their
    living conditions are different than the living
    conditions in 1621.
   Closing: Children will discuss what
    differences they have found between the living
    conditions now and the living conditions then.

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                       Activity #6
   Introduction: Discuss the types of foods that would have been
    consumed at the first Thanksgiving and how there might not
    have been enough for everyone to have exactly what they
    want.
   During: Have a feast to celebrate Thanksgiving. However,
    during the feast you find that there is not enough food for
    everyone. The food must be split up evenly and the children
    must barter for their favorite foods.
   Closing: Discuss how it felt to not have enough for everyone
    to have what they wanted and how the Pilgrims and Indians
    must have felt in 1621.

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                    Activity #7
   Introduction: Discuss the rules of the classroom.
    Explain that every society must have rules in order to
    function and work properly. Ask what would happen
    if we didn’t have class rules.
   During: Have children come up with rules that the
    Pilgrims may have followed in 1621.
   Closing: Discuss the rules they came up with and
    why these would be good rules for their society.


                                                         14
                   Activity #8
   Introduction: Discuss with the children things
    that you are thankful for in your life. Ask them
    who and what they are thankful for.
   During: Have the children write thank you
    letters to the people they are thankful for.
   Closing: Send these letters to the people they
    were written for.


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      Evaluation



Thanksgiving Trivia

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                 Question #1
   When was the first Thanksgiving celebrated?




                                                  17
                 Answer #1
   The first American Thanksgiving was
    celebrated in 1621.




                                          18
                 Question #2
   List five foods that are commonly found
    during a Thanksgiving meal?




                                              19
                Answer #2
   Squash
   Potatoes
   Pumpkin
   Turkey
   Cranberry
   Corn
   Stuffing

                            20
                  Question #3
   The Pilgrims settled into a colony that was
    named ______________.




                                                  21
                   Answer #3
   The colony that was settled, by the Pilgrims,
    was called Plymouth colony.




                                                    22
                 Question #4
   What was the name of the Pilgrim’s ship?




                                               23
                  Answer #4
   The Pilgrim’s ship was called the Mayflower.




                                                   24
                  Question #5
   What was the name of the Indian Tribe that
    taught the Pilgrims survival skills and shared
    Thanksgiving dinner with them?




                                                     25
                 Answer #5
   The Wampanoag Indian Tribe taught the
    Pilgrims survival skills and shared
    Thanksgiving dinner with them.




                                            26
               Question # 6
   How long was the first Thanksgiving?




                                           27
                  Answer # 6
   The first Thanksgiving was three days long.




                                                  28
               Question # 7
   What country did the Pilgrims flee from?




                                               29
                 Answer # 7
   The Pilgrims came from England.




                                      30
               Question # 8
   What survival skills did the Indians
    teach the Pilgrims?




                                           31
                  Answer # 8
   How to plant and harvest crops and build their
    homes.




                                                 32
                Question # 9
   What utensils did the Pilgrims and Indians
    eat with at their feast?




                                             33
                Answer # 9
They used spoons, knives, and their fingers.
 They did not use forks.




                                               34
               Question # 10
   Was the Thanksgiving feast repeated after
    the first one in 1621?




                                                35
                Answer # 10
   No. The Thanksgiving feast was not repeated.




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                 Student Resources
   The Night Before Thanksgiving By: Natasha Wing and Tammie Lyon
   Pilgrims First Thanksgiving By: Ann Mcgovern and Elroy Freem
   Thanksgiving is for Giving Thanks By: Margaret Sutherland and Sonja
    Lamut
   Autumns Harvest (DVD)
   If you Sailed on the Mayflower in 1620 By: Ann Mcgovern
   On the Mayflower By: Kate Waters
   Samuel Eaton’s Day: A Day in the Life of a Pilgrim Boy By: Kate Waters
   Sarah Morton’s Day: A Day in the Life of a Pilgrim Girl By: Kate Waters
   Tapenum’s Day: A Wampanoag Indian Boy in Pilgrim Times
   A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving (DVD)




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              Teacher Resources
   The Thanksgiving Activity Book By: Deborah Schecter
   Teaching About Thanksgiving With Favorite Picture Books
    By: Immacula A. Rhodes
   Teaching American History with the Internet By: M.D.
    Heading
   A Guide for the Elementary Social Studies Teacher By: W.L.
    Chase
   Social Studies Resource Curriculum Handbook By: D.W.
    Cheek
   1621: A New Look at Thanksgiving by Margaret M. Burchac



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                    Media Resources
   Web Resources:
-   Pilgrim Plantation Tour http://pilgrims.net/plimothplantation
-   Pilgrim Hall Museum http://pilgrimhall.org/plgmhll.htm
-   Ed Helper http://www.edhelper.com/Thanksgiving.htm
   Book Resources:
-   First Thanksgiving: Theme Puppets By: Arlene Tannen
    This book contains figures of pilgrims and Native Americans ready for
    coloring, cutting out, and mounting on poster board.
-   More Than Moccasins By: Laurie Carlson
    Easy to do arts and crafts projects that offer children a hands-on historical
    and cultural experience.
-   Cooking Throughout American History: Food and Recipes of the Native
    Americans By: George Erdosh
    Simple recipes for students K-3.
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                      Media Resources
   Contemporary Native Americans. Poster
    A biography and portrait of six modern Native Americans.
   Lets Learn About Maps and Globes. CD ROM
    A CD ROM that teaches map reading skills and working with globes
   Apple Pie Music CD ROM
    Native American chants from slave spirituals, to rag time, to rock and roll. Explores
    Native American music.
   Colonial America: Poster.
    Useful for display or direct teaching. These large, full color posters feature
    captioned drawing, maps, and easy to read text.
   Life in Colonial America: CD ROM
    A study of four colonial settlements Jamestown, Plymouth, New Amsterdam/New
    York, and Williamsburg. This program emphasizes everyday life, the houses they
    lived in, the cloths they wore, and more.



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                   Media Resources
   The New World Explored. VHS
    How Native Americans were affected by new world explorers.
   Native American Heritage. VHS
    Offers segments on Geography and History plus crafts and songs for
    grades K-4.
   BYU Choirs: Thanksgiving of American Folk Hymns. DVD
     Music with video of folk music for the Thanksgiving season.
   How Many Days to America? : A Thanksgiving Story by Beth Peck
     Refugees from a Caribbean island embark on a dangerous boat trip
     to America where they have a special reason to celebrate Thanksgiving.
   Molly's Pilgrim by Barbara Cohen
     Told to make a Pilgrim doll for the Thanksgiving display at school, Molly
     is embarrassed when her mother tries to help her out
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                     Media Resources
   www.busyteachercafe.com
    This is a wonderful resources for teachers and parents.
   http://pilgrims.net/plymouth/
    This is a website that gives a virtual tour of Plymouth.
   http://atozteacherstuff.com/Themes/Thanksgiving/
    Plenty of resources for teachers and parents, alike.
   Digital Camera
    Can be used to take pictures of students while they are working to be displayed on
    classroom bulletin board.
   Overhead Projector
    This can be used to show transparencies of different Thanksgiving symbols, i.e. the
    Mayflower, Plymouth Rock, etc.
   http://www.kiddyhouse.com/Thanksgiving/thanksteach.html
    This website has a lot of different lesson plans themed just for Thanksgiving.
   http://www.sites4teachers.com/links/redirect.php?url=http://www.myfreeclipart.co
    m/thanksgiving.html
    This is a wonderful resource for Thanksgiving clipart.
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