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BIBLE 2202 2302 - Faulkner University

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					Welcome to                  BIBLE 2202 / 2302


THE                                   NO SLEEPING
                                    NO HEADS ON DESK
 PENTATEUCH
 Lect. 18 THURS. 10/26-06
                             –NO BRKFAST EATING IN CLASS
                                •DRINK, SMALL TIDBIT o.k.
EXAM 2 , OCT. 31                •Men remove headwear.

                                                       1
1. Why was the rod a good tool to depict the character of
   the coming Messiah?
2. What was the significance of the rods turning to snakes?
3. What is the significance of God asking Moses: “What is
   that in thine hand?”
4.   What lesson may be gleaned from the awesome task
     God gave Moses?
5. What was the purpose of the ten plagues?
6. What eternal principle was again evident with the climax
   of the tenth plague of death?
7. What significance is seen in placing the blood of a dead
   lamb without spot or blemish over the doorpost.
8. Who is our Passover? Whose Testimony tells us this?
9. Why is Jesus blood spoken of as precious?
                                                              2
10.What shall judge us in the last day?
11.What memorial feast did God command
  the Israelites to observe regarding their
  deliverance? Why?
12.What does this prefigure in the Christian
  age?




                                               3
Lecture 18


             4
    7 Days of festivities
   followed the Passover
 Ex. 12:15. Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread;
even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your
houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the
first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off
from Israel. 16. And in the first day there shall be an
holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be
an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be
done in them, save that which every man must eat, that
only may be done of you.


                                                       5
      The Passover and the feast of unleavened
       bread Began on the 14th of Nisan (Abid)

Ex. 12:17. And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in
this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt:
therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an
ordinance for ever. 18. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the
month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and
twentieth day of the month at even. 19. Seven days shall there be no
leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is
leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of
Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 20. Ye shall eat
nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened
bread.


                                                                     6
The Shadow of the Feast of
Unleavened Bread
• After Deliverance by the Lamb of God, a life of
    purity should follow.

• I Pet. 2:24. Who his own self bare our sins in his own body
    on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto
    righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.

• ―Be ye holy, for I myself am holy.‖ Lev. 20:7

• I Pet. 15. But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye
    holy in all manner of conversation; 16. Because it is
    written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
•
                                                                 7
               The Exodus
 Number in the Exodus
12:37 And the children of Israel
  journeyed from Rameses to Succoth,
  about six hundred thousand on foot
  that were men, beside children.
Women and children not counted in the
 census
Over 2 million would have been in the
 exodus.
                                        8
              Years in Egypt

12:41. And it came to pass at the end of
the four hundred and thirty years, even
the selfsame day it came to pass, that all
the hosts of the Lord went out from the
land of Egypt.
(Correction , Slide four last Thurs. said
480 yrs. which should have been 430 yrs.)
                                             9
 God Makes a Covenant with the New
         Nation Ex. 19-24
3 MONTHS TO SINAI---The Covenant Made (19:1)
 4. Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare
you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. 5. Now
therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant,
then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for
all the earth is mine: 6. And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of
priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt
speak unto the children of Israel. 7. And Moses came and called
for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these
words which the Lord commanded him. 8. And all the people
answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we
will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the
Lord.                                                               10
Our Covenant is made after our
deliverance at the cross of Jesus
    Heb. 12:24. [You have come to] Jesus the mediator
    of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling,
    that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
•    25. See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if
    they escaped not who refused him that spake on
    earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn
    away from him that speaketh from heaven:
•   I Pet. 2:9. But ye are a chosen generation, a royal
    priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people;
                                                            11
     THEIR COVENANT WAS THE DECALOGUE
                     EXODUS 20:1-20


• #1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. (who to
    worship)
•   #2. You shall not make for yourself a graven image. (Images
    of God are outlawed)
•   #3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in
    vain. (not just cursing—frivolously)            GOD
•   #4 Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.
•   #5. Honor your father and your mother           MAN
•   #6. You shall not kill (murder)
•   #7. You shall not commit adultery.
•   #8. You shall not steal.
•   #9. You shall not bear false witness.
•   #10 You shall not covet.
                                                                  12
Our Covenant is in Christ –
Obedience to His Word (Matt. 17)
• Jer. 31. Behold, the days come, saith
  Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with
  the house of Israel, and with the house of
  Judah:
• Heb 12: 24. [You have come to] Jesus the mediator of
  the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling,
  that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
• ------The old covenant was sealed by the blood of an
  animal and sprinkled upon the contents of the
  temple. The blood of Jesus is sprinkled upon the
  contents of the inner man.
                                                         13
MATERIAL FOR EXAM 2, OCT
31ST, ENDS HERE.
THE REMAINDER OF MATERIAL
WILL BE ON THE FINAL EXAM




                            14
The Tabernacle
   Its makeup and meaning
Exodus 25 & 26



                            15
 The                          Holy of Holies
                                               ARK and mercy seat
 Tabernacle                                    God’s throne and
 A Shadow of Jesus                             dwelling place
 and the K.O.H.


               Lamp stand                      Table of Show Bread
               Light                           God’s presence and
• Hebrews 10:1. For the law                    sustenance
having a shadow of good       Holy Place
things to come, and not the
very image of the things,
can never with those
sacrifices which they
                                Altar          Blood atonement
offered year by year
continually make the
comers thereunto perfect.       Laver     Washing/cleansing
                                                                     16
    Furnishings of the Tabernacle
• Here are possible spiritual
    applications of the furniture:
•   The ark of the covenant Ex. 25:10-22
    – A box approx. 3’9’’ long X 2’3’’ wide & high
    – Overlaid with pure gold….inside was placed the tables of stone
      (Ex. 25:16); A jar of manna (Ex. 16: 33-34) and Aaron’s rod that
      budded (Nu. 17:4-10)
    – On top was the mercy seat of pure gold 3’9’’ X 2’3’’. Pure gold
      (Ex. 25:17)
    – On either end were two cherubim of pure gold facing each other
      with wing covering the mercy seat and their tips touching.
    – Here God promised to meet Israel. (Ex. 25:18ff; Nu. 7:89)
    – The H. Priest only entered here once a year.
                                                                   17
Meaning of the Ark of the
Covenant
• The ark seems to have symbolized the throne of
    God…
• Ps. 80:1 ―thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou
    that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.‖
•   Ps. 99:1 ―The Lord reigneth; let the people tremble:
    he sitteth between the Cherubims;‖




                                                           18
   A symbol of Atonement for Sins
• 16:14. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and
  sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward;
  and before the     mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood
  with his finger seven times.

• Lev. 16:30. For on that day shall the priest make an
  atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean
  from all your sins before the Lord.


  16:34. And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to
  make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins
  once a year. And he did as the Lord commanded Moses.
                                                              19
  But was formality enough?
  What about Mercy/grace?
• Hos. 6: 6. For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the
  knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
• Matt. 9:13. But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will
  have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the
  righteous, but sinners to repentance.
• Matt. 12: 7. But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will
  have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have
  condemned the guiltless.

• Never worship as a mere ritual. The right attitude of heart is
  indispensable to acceptable worship.

                                                                   20
Not that mercy was above the law in the ARK




         The Mercy Seat of God



        The Ten commandments




                                          21
      Jesus alone was the fulfillment of the true
      meaning of the Ark of the Covenant

• He is God’s covenant to man, his mercy, his atonement, his
    acceptable sacrifice, his just requirement.
•    Rom. 8:3. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak
    through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of
    sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
•    4. That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who
    walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
•    5. For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the
    flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
•    6. For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually
    minded is life and peace.
•   Let our prayers rise from humility of heart realizing that the
    atonement at the ark was but a shadow of Jesus to come.
•
                                                                          22
The Table of Showbread

• Instructions are found in Ex. 25:23ff. The
    construction in Ex. 37:10ff. It was 3 feet long, 1-1/2
    feet wide by 2-1/3 feet high overlaid with pure gold.
•   12 loaves were set (6X6) upon the table with dishes
    and incense holders (Le. 24:5dff)
•   Eaten every Sababth by Aaron & sons.
•   New loaves and incense were placed there weekly.



                                                             23
Meaning of the Showbread
• Not for form. A preparation for the coming Messiah.
    As some of the manna from heaven was placed in
    the ark for remembrance by future generations, so
    the loaves were on the table continually. It was
    called the bread of the Presence (Ex. 16:4,33). God
    was ever caring and providing for His people. He
    was always present (Dt. 32. Is. 40:10-11, I Cor. 10:3).
•   Jesus was born in Bethlehem (house of bread)
    significant of the heavenly bread. Jesus said he
    was the bread of life. (John 6:35)

                                                              24
The Lampstand
• The golden lampstand (not candlestick) was to
  be of pure gold (Ex. 25:31ff).
• It had a stem and six branches, three on each
  side, making seven. The cups on each branch
  burned with pure olive oil from evening til
  morning. (Ex. 27:20ff) They were cleaned each
  morning and kept in immaculate condition.

                                                  25
Meaning of the Lampstand
• It is obviously connected with light. There meaning was far
    beyond formality. As the light penetrated ever part of the
    holy place, so does God. Jesus said that He (His teaching)
    is light in the world’s darkness (Jn. 8:12) To receive Jesus
    into the heart is to receive the love of his teaching
    concerning what to do to be saved, how to worship, and how
    to live a holy acceptable life.
•   Jesus said we are the light of the world (reflective of the
    light of his teaching (Mt. 5:14).
•   Light is a servant and never served, so are his disciples.
    Never should the Christian life become a dull routine.
•   Mt. 5:16 ―Let your light so shine….‖
                                                                   26
The Golden Altar of Incense
• 1-1/2 feet square by 3 feet high.
• Aaron was to burn incense each time he cleaned
  the lampstand (Ex. 30:7-8).
• On the day of the atonement he was to sprinkle
  blood on the horns of the table. (Ex. 30:3,10).




                                                    27
 The Meaning of the Altar of Incense
• It seems to symbolize a communion with God through prayer and
  daily holiness of life.
• The Jews associated prayer with the altar of incense.
   – Amos 5:21. I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not
     smell in your solemn assemblies.
   – Luke 1:10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying
     without at the time of incense.
   – Rev. 8:4. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the
     prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the
     angel's hand.
   – Prayer is not a ritual to be said at set intervals. It is a
     privilege…the heart communing with God in deep reverence

                                                                    28
The Great, Brazen Altar Ex. 27:1-8, 38:1-7
  • 7.5 feet square x 4.5 feet high
  • Made of acacia wood overlaid with bronze.
  • All utensils were bronze. Here the sacrifices
    were burned . There were daily offerings as well
    as offering on special occasions.




                                                       29
The Meaning of the Altar of
Sacrifice
• The killings and blood cleansing offering were done
  over and over for centuries. Without a deep
  spiritual mind one can see how that the priests
  could become bored, even disgusted. To the deep
  spiritual mind who sought to penetrate the reasons,
  it would become evident with an increasing
  awareness of the principle of the innocent being
  sacrificed for the guilty. This should have been
  evident in the offering of Jesus , and was to many
  like Paul (I Cor. 5:7)

                                                        30
The Great Tragedy
• The Priests missed the spiritual implications of the
  tabernacle and temple worship system. They
  became mercenary with the sacrifices and turned
  the temple into a den of thieves.
   – Christ was the sanctuary of God on earth, the mercy, the
     altar atonement, light, life, bread, and communion of God
     with men.
   – So sad, that many have apparently turned worship into
     entertainment. For many the singing, praying, the Lord’s
     supper, giving and preaching seem to have become
     mechanical acts of ritualism

                                                                 31
Disrespect for Worship as God Would
Have it. Idolatry Emerges .
Read Exodus 32-34
• Moses was forty days in the Mt. Receiving God’s
  Word.
• Aaron bows to pressure from the people to make
  a golden calf.
• Moses returns, in anger breaks the ten
  commandments,


                                                    32
EX. 32:1. And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down
out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron,
and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as
for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we
wot not what is become of him. 2. And Aaron said unto them, Break off
the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons,
and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.
 3. And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their
ears, and brought them unto Aaron. 4. And he received them at their
hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten
calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up
out of the land of Egypt. 5. And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar
before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast
to the Lord. 6. And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt
offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat
and to drink, and rose up to play.
                                                                    33
Idolatry (perverted worship)
Leads to Immorality
Rom. 1:23. And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into
an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted
beasts, and creeping things.
 24. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the
lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between
themselves:
25. Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and
served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever.
Amen.
 26. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even
their women did change the natural use into that which is against
nature:


                                                                  34
 27. And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman,
burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that
which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of
their error which was meet.
28. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge,
God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are
not convenient;
29. Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness,
covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit,
malignity; whisperers,
30. Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors
of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31. Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural
affection, implacable, unmerciful:
 32. Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such
things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in
them that do them.
                                                                 35
Two Essentiql Ingredients of
Acceptable Worship
• John 4:24. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must
    worship him in spirit and in truth.
•   ---You cannot worship God acceptably in the spirit and reject the
    truth of his word.
•   The early church used these Items of worship: 1) Prayer 2)
    Exhortation 3) Singing His Praise 4) Lord’s Supper 4) Giving of
    means.
•   You cannot worship God acceptably in truth without the spirit
    (formally w/o love of the truth.
•   Rev. 2: 4. Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because
    thou hast left thy first love. 5. Remember therefore from
    whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works;

                                                                   36
Leviticus Theme is Holiness to the Lord
 Lev. 8:23 23. And he slew it; and Moses took of
the blood of it, and put it upon the tip of Aaron's
right ear, and upon the thumb of his right hand,
and upon the great toe of his right foot.
• Blood on the right Ear:
     – Meant the hearing was dedicated to holiness
•   The Blood on the right thumb:
     – Meant service in life was to be dedicated to the Lord
• The blood on the right great toe
                                            (Mt. 7:6)
                                                               37
What are we to see in this?

• Why study this today? Why are we here
  contemplating things they did 3,500 years ago.




                                                   38
This hymn seems to Summarize
Consecration in the Blood of Jesus
           • Take my life and let it be,
          • Consecrated Lord to Thee;
      • Take my hands and let them move
          • At the impulse of Thy love.
        • Take my feet and let them be
         • Swift and beautiful for Thee.

     • Some can appreciate this, some can’t.
                                               39
    Services of the Priests
• Daily duties..Morning and evening they offered a lamb one
    year old with meal, oil and wine (Ex. 29:38ff). They
    performed their daily duties in the holy place keeping the
    light and incense burning. The officiated in various sin
    offerings. (Lev. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7)
•   The high priest was in charge of the priests and officiated
    on the day of atonement (Lev. 16) annually entering alone
    into the holy of holies for himself and the people. He
    consulted the urim and thummin on important decisions
    (Nu. 17:21, I Sam. 30:7)

                                                                  40
    Spiritual Application
• 1. As a minister of others who ―drew near‖ to God, he was to be godly
    in life.
•   2. Constantly killing the innocent animal for guilty man should have
    impressed upon him how much God hated sin but loved the sinner,
    and how great God’s grace was. What could stop all this? A perfect
    sacrifice.
•   3. His consecration and the areas to which blood was applied should
    have made him understand what the holiness and sanctity of his life
    should be.
•   4. He should have understood that all he did had a spiritual forecast
    of deliverance in a person.
•   Today, Christians are priests. (I Pet. 2:9; Rev. 1:6)
•   How much more should we realize this?

                                                                            41
     Christians as Priests
• We should avoid the sins of the old priests—formality in religion,
    covetousness, hypocrisy.
•   As priests we should ask ourselves some deep questions: Do we
    become tired and bored with the mere ritual of signing, the Lord’s supper,
    praying, giving of our means, time, energy and study?
•   Do we use the repeated worship services to draw nearer to God and
    make us more like Christ?. Let us be careful not to let the means become
    the end. Worship, Bible Study, even this class, should be thought of as
    stepping stones to achieve a more Christ like personality. Only in doing
    this can we be true priests of God. Jesus is our H. Priest.

• In what way should priests be conscious of the clothing they wear?
• What spiritual are Christian priest supposed to wear (Gal. 3:27; Eph. 4:24
    truth and righteousness)
                                                                           42
 Christ the Fulfillment of the
 Law
Law was given orally to Adam—violated and forgotten
Orally and written to Israel at Sinai-forgotten
  (Found in the ruins of the Temple 2 Chron. 34:15)
Transgressed repeatedly until Christ. He, then, was the very
  embodiment of the law, keeping it without sin (Jn. 8:46). He
  too, as God’s word, was violated and rejected, but
  accomplished God’s purpose by showing the beauty &
  holiness of the law in a fleshly man.
The life and death of Jesus is a sign that all men can read.
  God redeeming man from his fallen state.


                                                                 43
Kinds of Law
• GOOD              BETTER                 BEST


• ORAL              wRITTEN             EMBODIED
• FOR               FOR                 BY CHRIST
• INDIVIDUALS       ISRAEL              AND FOR
•                                       ALL MEN


 2 Cor. 3:3. Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared
to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not
with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in
tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.
                                                            44
    Fulfillment of the Word

•   EARTHLY             EARTHLY-HEAVENLY                HEAVENLY
•   ORAL-               JESUS EMBODIED                  ETERNAL Xt.
•   WRITTEN
•   SANCTUARY           FLESHLY SANCTUARY               ETERNAL IN
•   IN TABER.           IN BODY OF JESUS                SPIRIT

• In Temple            Embodied in temple                In spirit forever
• Our body is the temple of the holy spirit. The word (God) dwells there and
  eventually we will dwell eternally in heaven with HIM.
• Rom 10:4. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one
  that believeth.
                                                                         45
• Tabernacle, Temple and All
 things in them pointed to the
 coming of Jesus, His church,
and to final salvation in heaven.


                                    46
Shadows of the Heart as the True Temple of God

 Tabernacle    Jesus          Christians Heaven
 glory/fire    glory/light    glory-light    glory-light
                              Mt. 5:14,16    Rev. 21-23
   Most Holy     naos           naos         naos
   TEMP.       TEMP.            TEMP.
                                             ETERNAL
   EARTHLY     EARTHLY-         EARTHLY-
                                             HEAVENLY
               HEAVENLY         HEAVENLY

   Ex. 26:33                                 Rev. 21:22
               Jn. 2. 20-21     1 Cr. 6:19
               heiron          heiron
                                                           47
The Pyramidical
 Feast system
1. Passover –Salvation
2. Unleavend Bread – Holiness
3. Pentecost – gratitude offerings




                                     48
Feast of Pentecost follows the Passover and
    Unleavened Bread Lev. 23:9-12; Num. 28:26-31
 Passover; Unleavened Bread; Pentecost,
 Booths/Tabernacles -- began to grasp the sequence of
 the feasts. Deliverance, holiness, gratitude shown by
 offerings
 23:9. The Feast of Pentecost (50) or Feast of Weeks
  (7 weeks + 1). That as the first fruits of harvest were
  offered to God, then He should be first in one’s life
  because of great gratitude for His sustenance in life.
 Jesus was the first fruits and Christians are the latter
  harvest that follows. As Jesus offered Himself to God,
  should we follow His example.
                                                        49
          Putting it All together: What the Shadows Portray
   1. Pharaoh --- A shadow of Satan
   2. Egypt --- as shadow of slavery to sin
   3. The death angel – wages of sin is death
   4. The Passover. Depicts the death of the Lamb of God, deliverance
    from Pharaoh and Egypt, viz. Satan and the bondage of sin. Jesus is
    our Passover (I Cor. 5:7)
   5. The Crossing fo the Red Sea. The separation from sin at baptism
    and from the old life of slavery.
   6. The song of deliverance. The joy of deliverance from sin. (Ex.
    15:15; Cp. Acts 2:39; 8:39)
   7. The feast of Unleavened Bread. The clean/holy life to be lived
    after afterward.
   8. The Feast of Pentecost or Feast of Weeks. Give God the first
    fruits.


                                                                     50
10. . Annual Atonement Lev. 16; 23; Num.
   29 (10th day of the 7th month—Tishri)
   Besides other animals such as a bull for a sin
    offering for the high priest, two goats were
    offered.
    – 1. The goat for Jehovah.. The atoning sacrifice for
      the people’s sin
    – 2. The goat for Azazel (removal) The putting away
      of sin in their lives



                                                        51
11. Final Annual Feast of Booths- Harvest Last Feast of
the year. 7 joyous days -14th to 21st Day of Tishri –
Sept./Oct. Lev. 23:43
DAY         BULLS       RAMS        LAMBS       GOATS
1st         13          2           14          1
2ND         12          2           14          1
3RD         11          2           14          1
4TH         10          2           14          1
5th         9           2           14          1
6th         8           2           14          1
7th         7           2           14          1
Total       70          14          98          7
                                                     52
8th         1           1           7           1
  NOW ---THE
SABBATH SYSTEM


                 53
           The Pyramidical Sabbatical system

   There was the weekly Sabbath celebrated each 7th day
    because God rested from creation on the 7th day—Gen. 2:2-3;
    Ex. 16:22-30; 20:8-11
   HOW WERE THE JEWS SUPPOSED TO KEEP THE WEEKLY
    SABBATH? WHY?
    – 1. 2 male lambs were sacrificed as burnt offerings, along with cereal
      and drink offerings.
    – 1. No work was to be done.. They were to cook sufficiently on the 6th
      day for the next. No traveling was to be done (Ex. 16:23-30).
    – 2. Penalty for breaking the Sabbath was death (Ex. 31:15; Nu, 15:32)
    – WHAT WERE THE JEWS SUPPOSED TO LEARN FROM THIS?

                                                                      54
 The New Moon Monthly Sabbath
 1. Offering of 2 young bulls
 2. One ram and 7 male lambs a year old
  without blemish.
 3. Flour, oil and wine were also offered
 4. A male goat was sacrificed as a sin offering.
 All theses offering were in addition to the
  regular daily and Sabbath offerings.
 Num. 28:11-15

                                                 55
          The Seventh Sabbatical Month
   1. At the beginning of the month trumpets were blown signifying
    the beginning of a holy day (Lev. 23:23-25; Nu. 29:1)
   2. One young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without
    blemish accompanied with cereal offerings were offered as a
    pleasing odor to the Lord (Num. 29:2-6)
   3. According to the Jews observance of the New Moon Sabbath
    was symbolic of surrender to the Lord. This was called a day of
    gladness as trumpets were blown over the burnt and peace
    offerings. (Num. 10:10)
   4. What were they to do and learn from the monthly sabbath?
   4. The Jews gradually drifted from the spiritual significance of the
    Sabbaths. Amos 8:4-6) Says that they were glad when they were
    ovcer so they could sell grain.

                                                                      56
        The 7th or Sabbatical year
   For additional emphasis God prescribed the
    observance of a Sabbatic year for Israel (Ex.
    23:10-11; Lev. 25:2-7) Deut. 15:1-18; 31:10-
    13).

   In the seventh year the land was left unplowed,
    unsown, and unharvested by the owner. Any
    crops which germinated naturally were for the
    slaves to gather and the animals to eat (Lev.
    25:2-7)
                                                    57
           Jubilee or 50th Year Sabbath
   In order for Israel to reach a pinnacle height of spiritual observance
    twice each century, God gave the year of Jubilee (5oth). The land was
    to be left unplowed and the people ceased from all physical work (Lev.
    25:8-34; 27:17-24; Num. 36:4).
   The year began on the annual Atonement Day (Lev. 16:29, 25:9) on the
    10th day of Tishra (7th month). It began with trumpet blowing (Lev. 25:9)
    and with Jubilee (loud shouting). Since it was preceded by a sabbatical
    year (49th), God said if they were faithful He would provide an abundant
    crop year in the 6th and 48th year (Lev. 25:8) and with fruit for three years
    Lev. 25:21).
   All land was to be returned to the original owner, and all indentured
    servants freed and debts forgiven (Lev. 25:13-55).



                                                                           58
    Note the Accumulations of Sabbaths, special
      days and years leading to the 50th year.
   1. Approx. 2,184 regular Sabbaths plus special
    Sabbaths (feasts). All Sabbath days in the 7th year
    and in the year of Jubilee were omitted because the
    entire year was a Sabbath of cessation of laborious
    work.
   2. Each year the 7th months was observed as a
    Sabbatic month.
   3. The 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 35th, 42nd, and 49th were
    Sabbatic years
   4. The 50th year followed the 49th which meant two
    Sabbath years in a row twice per century were to eb
    observed. God would provide for them (Lev. 25:19-
    22).                                                      59
                    THE SPIRITUAL APPLICATION
   The Sabbath, seventh month, Sabbatic year, and Jubilee
    year all were joined in principle and should have portrayed
    increasingly for the Israelite the supremacy of the
    SPIRITUAL over the PHYSICAL.
    Every seventh day, he was re minded in cessation from
    labor that it was God ordained. As God ceased from creation
    (Gen. 2:2-3), so man ceased his daily work which was a
    means in contemplation of the end— eternal life. Because of
    sin, the joy and blessings of God's original creation were
    lost in toil, sweat, and labor. But each Sabbath was a
    reminder that God would eventually redeem man. Thus,
    every seven days he should have appreciated anew God's
    pledge of eternal blessing when man enters his True Rest—
    fellowship with God apart from sin.
                                                          60
The Seventh month was inaugurated by the special
holy day and blowing of trumpets. It introduced the
month in which the annual atonement and feast of the
tabernacles was celebrated. It should have reminded
the rulers, priests and nation that God had blessed
them, through the year and had providentially met
their every need. Therefore, with the harvest complete,
they were prepared in an attitude of thanksgiving and
humility to seek His mercy in atonement despite their
sin and to prepare as a joyous nation to dwell in
booths.     In like manner, the Sabbatic year was to
more deeply impress upon the spiritual man that God
would provide throughout the year SPIRITUALLY as He
most certainly had PHYSICALLY. Thus, man's sowing
and reaping each year was not an end, but simply a
means until redemption was complete.
                                                     61
The cessation every seven years for a YEAR (not just a
day as on the Sabbath) could not help but deepen insight
into the mercy, grace and love of God for man. Separated
from material pursuits, he could cultivate the spiritual by
meditation and thanksgiving. It foreshadowed an eternal
rest from the physical and simultaneously depicted
eternal spiritual service to His blessed Lord.
The Jubilee year climaxed God's covenant of redemption.
Although there is no record of national reaction in the
Bible to its observance, it should have enabled the
spiritual Israelite to perceive the eventual eternal bliss
with God. After 48 years of weekly Sabbaths, interspersed
with 48 seventh months' introducing atonement and the
feast of the tabernacles, and six sabbatic years, the 49th
year as a seventh sabbatic year was followed by the
jubilee year.
                                                        62
Thus for two consecutive years every fifty years, the
Israelite should have been made deeply conscious of the
SPIRITUAL and how trivial and inconsequential were the
material means of life. God completely provided for his
every need during the three years—a period of grace—
the two while he was devoting himself WHOLLY TO HIS
CREATOR, and during the sowing and growing of a crop
in the 51st year (Lev. 25:21). Such a life for the period
must have enabled the man of faith to draw as close to
God as possible on earth in realizing the future glory of
the heavenly realm. Also, the return of land and the
freeing of slaves should have impressed indelibly upon
the individual soul the concept that all of the earth is a
means to the end of serving God — TOTALLY,
ABSOLUTELY AND COMPLETELY.


                                                      63
All here was transitory, not eternal. It would serve its
purpose until salvation was fully accomplished. When
redemption was realized, the land or property which he
might have thought as valuable was gone forever; the
service from his fellow man—no longer needed or
wanted. ALL MEN were to serve GOD WHO ALONE WAS
THEIR MASTER. To convince the doubter, who might
withhold from the needy because the jubilee was
approaching that he was not a master but a servant, the
Lord said, " To me the people of Israel are servants, they
are my servants whom I brought forth out of the land of
Egypt; I am the Lord your God". (Lev. 25:17, 51-55). What
a marvelous provision by the Lord! Therefore, two years
of meditation, appreciation and spiritual communion with
God unhindered by toil in the field, etc. should have made
everyone GOD CONSCIOUS and fervently desirous of
eternal life with God.                                  64
     How we should recognize our
privileges and opportunities in Christ. The
truths of the sermon on the mount, and the
parables of the value of the kingdom take
on new meaning. Our citizen-ship is in
heaven (Phil. 3:20 ASV)I Since our hearts
are there, let us lay up treasures there by
seeking the Kingdom of God and His
righteousness FIRST (Matt. 6:33). Thus,
everything other than Christ and being
found in Him is refuse-garbage-loss-and
should be so counted (Phil. 3:7-8).


                                              65
May everything—houses, jobs, possessions,
MONEY—all be used as means for the TRUE
END—eternal life with Christ and God. Since
we live in an era of grace, we Jive constantly
in the jubilee year IF WE CHOOSE by a RICH
PRODUCTION OF THE FRUIT OF THE SPIRIT
(Gal. 5:22-23). AGAINST SUCH THERE. IS NO-
LAW. May we so live here that we may finally
by His Grace enter the TRUE REST and serve
God forever in thanksgiving for His glorious
salvation bestowed upon us (Heb. 4:9-10).


                                             66
Weekly Sabbath = one day living for/with God
Monthly New Moon Sabbath = Additional
emphasis on living wholly form God
Seventh Month = one whole month living for/with
God.
Every Seventh Year = one whole year living
for/with God
49th year plus Jubilee = two whole years living
depending complete on God and living for and
with Him spiritually.
One must surely see the cause for this.
                                               67
The pyramidical system of the
Jewish law was intended to reflect a
constant growth pattern for
developing faith in Israel toward
their eventual dwelling with God
Christians should seek to follow a
growth pattern in life to do the same.
Romans 12:1ff.
                                   68
Application of the Pentateuch to
          the New Age

   We will let the author of Hebrews
    summarize the Pentateuch for us:
    – 1. Jesus is now our high priest and functions for
      us in a better tabernacle (worship center) than
      the old.
    – Heb. 9:11. But Christ being come an high
      priest of good things to come, by a greater and
      more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands,
      that is to say, not of this building;
                                                      69
2. Jesus died once for eternal forgiveness

   Heb. 9:12. Neither by the blood of goats
    and calves, but by his own blood he entered
    in once into the holy place, having obtained
    eternal redemption for us.




                                                   70
 Animal blood and Water made only the body
presentable to God. Jesus’ as a sinless sacrifice
          made the conscience clean
    Heb. 9: 13. For if the blood of bulls and of goats,
     and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean,
     sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
     14. How much more shall the blood of Christ,
     who through the eternal Spirit offered himself
     without spot to God, purge your conscience from
     dead works to serve the living God?



                                                       71
A better and different High Priest offering
 a better and different sacrifice meant a
  new testament had to be forthcoming
    Heb. 9:15. And for this cause he is the
    mediator of the new testament, that by means
    of death, for the redemption of the
    transgressions that were under the first
    testament, they which are called might receive
    the promise of eternal inheritance.

   His sinless death for their sins (and ours)
    meant the end of all sacrifices for sin.
                                                  72
  The New Testament could Not
begin without Jesus’ sinless death
  16. For where a testament is, there must also
  of necessity be the death of the testator.
 17. For a testament is of force after men are
  dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while
  the testator liveth.




                                                  73
The Old Testament Was Instituted by
  the inferior sacrifice of animals
   HEB 9:18. Whereupon neither the first testament was
    dedicated without blood.
    19. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the
    people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and
    of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and
    sprinkled both the book, and all the people,
    20. Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God
    hath enjoined unto you.
    21. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the
    tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.
    22. And almost all things are by the law purged with
    blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

                                                              74
The Old Covenant was only a pattern of
     the Better Covenant to Come
  Heb 9:23. It was therefore necessary that
  the patterns of things in the heavens should
  be purified with these; but the heavenly
  things themselves with better sacrifices
  than these.
 24. For Christ is not entered into the holy
  places made with hands, which are the
  figures of the true; but into heaven itself,
  now to appear in the presence of God for us:
                                                 75
Effective Sacrifice is permanent and need
             not be repeated
    25. Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as
    the high priest entereth into the holy place every
    year with blood of others; 26. For then must he
    often have suffered since the foundation of the
    world: but now once in the end of the world hath
    he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of
    himself. 27. And as it is appointed unto men
    once to die, but after this the judgment: 28. So
    Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many;
    and unto them that look for him shall he appear
    the second time without sin unto salvation.
   Thus the old system was fulfilled and gave way to
    the new.
                                                      76
The Necessity of Jesus’ Coming to Earth
   Heb 10:1. For the law having a shadow of good things to come,
    and not the very image of the things, can never with those
    sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the
    comers thereunto perfect. 2. For then would they not have
    ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once
    purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
   3. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made
    of sins every year. 4. For it is not possible that the blood of
    bulls and of goats should take away sins.
   5. Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice
    and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared
    me: 6. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no
    pleasure.

                                                                   77
Heb. 10:7. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the
book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. 8. Above
when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings
and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst
pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;
 9. Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He
taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
10. By the which will we are sanctified through the
offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
 11. And every priest standeth daily ministering and
offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never
take away sins: 12. But this man, after he had offered
one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right
hand of God; 13. From henceforth expecting till his
enemies be made his footstool.
                                                           78
Heb. 10:14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever
them that are sanctified. 15. Whereof the Holy Ghost
also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,
16. This is the covenant that I will make with them after
those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their
hearts, and in their minds will I write them; 17. And their
sins and iniquities will I remember no more. 18. Now
where remission of these is, there is no more offering for
sin. 19. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter
into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20. By a new and
living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the
veil, that is to say, his flesh;
 21. And having an high priest over the house of God; 22.
Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of
faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil
conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
                                                        79
BOOK of NUMBERS




                  80
Book of NUMBERS: From Sinai
Onward
• Nu. 9:15---The Cloud & Pillar of fire
        • Presence, guidance and providence of God
• Nu. 10 – The sound of the Trumpets
        • The order of camp movement
• Nu. 10:33-11ff. In three days they complain and fire
    burns outskirts of camp. Moses prayed and the fire
    went out
•   Nu. 11:6 Complain about the manna.
    – Moses prays..God send quails. They gorged and were
      smitten by a plague –many died
• Nu. 12. Dissension of Miriam and Aaron..Miriam
    smitten with Leprosy. Shut outside camp for a week
                                                           81
    NUMBERS: From Sinai Onward
• Nu. 13. 12 spies sent to spy out the promised land. 10 reported
    this:
•    25. And they returned from searching of the land after forty
    days.
•    32. And they brought up an evil report of the land which they
    had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land,
    through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth
    up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it
    are men of a great stature.
•    33. And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which
    come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as
    grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.
                                                                       82
    Two Bring a Good Report
• 30. And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at
    once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.

• 6. And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which
    were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes:
•    7. And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying,
    The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good
    land.
•    8. If the Lord delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it
    us; a land which floweth with milk and honey.
•    9. Only rebel not ye against the Lord, neither fear ye the people of the
    land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and
    the Lord is with us: fear them not.

                                                                                83
The people nearly revolt
• 10. But all the congregation bade stone them with
  stones. And the glory of the Lord appeared in the
  tabernacle of the congregation before all the
  children of Israel.
• 11. And the Lord said unto Moses, How long will
  this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere
  they believe me, for all the signs which I have
  shewed among them?

                                                      84
    The Punishment
•     30. Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware
    to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua
    the son of Nun. 32. But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this
    wilderness.
•    33. And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear
    your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness.
•    34. After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty
    days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years,
    and ye shall know my breach of promise.
•    35. I the Lord have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation,
    that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be
    consumed, and there they shall die.


                                                                              85
86
    Regret is not Faith but
    Foolishness
• 40. And they rose up early in the morning, and gat them up into the top of
    the mountain, saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto the place which
    the Lord hath promised: for we have sinned.
•    41. And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the commandment of
    the Lord? but it shall not prosper.
•    42. Go not up, for the Lord is not among you; that ye be not smitten before
    your enemies.
•    43. For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and ye
    shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from the Lord, therefore
    the Lord will not be with you.
•    44. But they presumed to go up unto the hill top: nevertheless the ark of the
    covenant of the Lord, and Moses, departed not out of the camp.
•    45. Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in
    that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah.
                                                                            87
More Rebellion
• Nu. 16:3. And they gathered themselves together against Moses
    and against Aaron, and said unto them, Ye take too much upon
    you, seeing all the congregation are holy, every one of them, and
    the Lord is among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves
    above the congregation of the Lord? 9. Seemeth it but a small
    thing unto you, that the God of Israel hath separated you from the
    congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself to do the
    service of the tabernacle of the Lord, and to stand before the
    congregation to minister unto them?
•    10. And he hath brought thee near to him, and all thy brethren
    the sons of Levi with thee: and seek ye the priesthood also?


                                                                  88
16:28. And Moses said, Hereby ye shall know that the Lord hath sent
me to do all these works; for I have not done them of mine own mind.
29. If these men die the common death of all men, or if they be visited
after the visitation of all men; then the Lord hath not sent me. 30. But
if the Lord make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and
swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and they go down
quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have
provoked the Lord. 31. And it came to pass, as he had made an end of
speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder that was under
them: 32. And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up,
and their houses, and all the men that appertained unto Korah, and all
their goods.
33. They, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into the pit,
and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the
congregation.
                                                                     89
    The People Murmur Again
• 16:41.     But on the morrow all the congregation of the children of Israel
    murmured against Moses and against Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the
    people of the Lord.
•   17:2. Speak unto the children of Israel, and take of every one of them a rod
    according to the house of their fathers, of all their princes according to the
    house of their fathers twelve rods: write thou every man's name upon his rod.
•    3. And thou shalt write Aaron's name upon the rod of Levi: for one rod shall
    be for the head of the house of their fathers.
•    4. And thou shalt lay them up in the tabernacle of the congregation before
    the testimony, where I will meet with you.
•    5. And it shall come to pass, that the man's rod, whom I shall choose, shall
    blossom: and I will make to cease from me the murmurings of the children of
    Israel, whereby they murmur against you.


                                                                           90
6. And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, and every one of their
princes gave him a rod apiece, for each prince one, according to their
fathers' houses, even twelve rods: and the rod of Aaron was among
their rods.
7. And Moses laid up the rods before the Lord in the tabernacle of
witness.
 8. And it came to pass, that on the morrow Moses went into the
tabernacle of witness; and, behold, the rod of Aaron for the house of
Levi was budded, and brought forth buds, and bloomed blossoms,
and yielded almonds.
 9. And Moses brought out all the rods from before the Lord unto all
the children of Israel: and they looked, and took every man his rod.
 10. And the Lord said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the
testimony, to be kept for a token against the rebels; and thou shalt
quite take away their murmurings from me, that they die not.         91
The People Murmur Again.
• 20:4. And why have ye brought up the
  congregation of the Lord into this wilderness, that
  we and our cattle should die there?
• 5. And wherefore have ye made us to come up out
  of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no
  place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of
  pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.


                                                        92
God Supplies Water - But Moses
sins
• 8. Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together,
    thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock
    before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou
    shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt
    give the congregation and their beasts drink.
•    9. And Moses took the rod from before the Lord, as he
    commanded him.
•    10. And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation
    together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now,
    ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?

                                                                 93
Moses’ Sin and Punishment
• 11. And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he
    smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly,
    and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
•    12. And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because
    ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the
    children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this
    congregation into the land which I have given them.
•    13. This is the water of Meribah; because the children of
    Israel strove with the Lord, and he was sanctified in them.



                                                                  94
    Again the people complain
• NU. 21: 4. And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of
    the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the
    people was much discouraged because of the way.
•    5. And the people spake against God, and against Moses,
    Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the
    wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and
    our soul loatheth this light bread.
•    6. And the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they
    bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
•    7. Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have
    sinned, for we have spoken against the Lord, and against thee;
    pray unto the Lord, that he take away the serpents from us.
                                                                95
    The Bronze Serpent of Healing
• 8. And the Lord said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it
    upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten,
    when he looketh upon it, shall live.
•    9. And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it
    came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the
    serpent of brass, he lived.
•   JESUS VIEWS HIMSELF AS THE HEALING EMBLEM
•   14. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must
    the Son of man be lifted up:
•    15. That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have
    eternal life.


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GO TO B/W PENT LECT 21




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