SCHOOL Fire Prevention _RAPTOR_

					        BFP
    BACOLOD CITY




      PREVENTION,
EXIT DRILLS & HAZARDS
                        MBG
                 LEGAL MANDATE
Bureau of Fire Protection was created by virtue of
RA 6975 primarily to perform the following functions:
1. Be responsible for the prevention and suppression of all
   destructive fires on:

  •   Buildings, houses and other structures;
  •   Forest;
  •   Land transportation vehicles and equipment;
  •   Ships or vessels docked at piers or wharves anchored in
      major sea ports;
  •   Petroleum industry installations;
  •   Plane crashes; and
  •   Others similar incidents.
                 Legal Mandate ….. cont’d.


2. Be responsible for the enforcement of the Fire Code
   of the Philippines (P. D. 1185) and other related laws;
3. Shall have the power to investigate all causes of
  fires and if necessary, file the proper complaint with
  the city or provincial prosecutor         who     has
  jurisdiction over the case;
4. In time of national emergency, all elements of the BFP
   shall upon direction of the President , assist the AFP in
   meeting the national emergency; and
5. Shall establish at least one (1) fire station with
  adequate personnel, fire fighting facilities and
  equipment in every provincial capital, city and
  municipality subject to standard rules and regulations
  as may be promulgated by the DILG .
                                                    MALACAÑANG
                                    Residential of the President of the Philippines
                                                        Manila
                                       by the PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES
                                             PROCLAMATION NO. 115-A
ABOLISHING SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION WEEK AND DECLARING THE YEAR NINETEEN HUNDRED AND
          SIXTY SEVEN AND EVERY YEAR THEREAFTER SAFETYAND ACCIDENT PREVENTION YEAR.
WHEREAS, there is an indisputable evidence of a considerate rise I accident occurrence every year not only in industrial,
          commercial and agricultural enterprise, but especially on the highways, in school and even in our homes, most of
          which are unrecorded;
WHEREAS, there . . . . . . . . .
NOW THEREFORE I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, Proclaim the year NINETEEN HUNDRED AND
          SIXTY SEVEN as SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION YEAR and thereafter and each month of the year to be
          devoted to a particular aspect of safety and accident prevention in various fields as follows:
             JANUARY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                    GENERAL ORIENTATION
             FEBRUARY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                   AIR TRANSPORTATION
             MARCH          - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -             FIRE PREVENTION
             APRIL          - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -             VACATION HAZARDS
             MAY            - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -             LAND TRANSPORTATION
             JUNE           - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -             SEA TRANSPORTATION
             JULY           - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -             SCHOOL
             AUGUST         - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -             FARM
             SEPTEMBER- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                   HEALTHAND SANITATION
             OCTOBER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                    INDUSTRIAL
             NOVEMBER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                   MINES
             DECEMBER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -                   HOLIDAY HAZARDS AND HOMES
I call upon all segments of society . . . . . . . .
Proclamation No. 359 dated October 13, 1956 and Proclamation No. 32 dated May 28, 1964 is hereby revoked.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the Republic of the Philippines to be affixed.
Done in the City of Manila, this 17th day of November in the year of our Lord, Nineteen Hundred and Sixty Six and the
          Independence of the Philippines, the Twentieth.

                                                                               SGD. FERDINAND E. MARCOS
             OUR VISION
A world class fire protection agency working
 towards a public safety conscious society…




                                      m.b.g
OUR MISSION:


 .




 To prevent and suppress destructive fires enforce
 fire related laws and provide emergency medical
 and rescue services…
              Fire Protection
   The mission of the Bureau of Fire
    Protection with the involvement of the
    community is:

       75 %        Fire Prevention
       25 %        Fire Suppression
When fire prevention fails, the result is fire
 suppression which is more costly and may result to
 loss of life and irreparable damage to property.
  BFP Fire Prevention Awareness Campaign
                Approaches
1. Advocacy Approaches
      - Continuing information and educational campaign
      - Advocacy thru: Tri-Media
          • Press Release
          • Radio
          • TV
          • Posters, Brochures, Flyers and Leaflets
2. Developmental
      - Educating, training and advising employees/workers to
              improve system
      - Assistance visit
3. Regulatory approaches thru inspection
4. Partnership/Networking
      - Establish linkages for voluntary compliance and self
              regulations
      - Establish coordination with Volunteer Fire Brigades
UNDERSTANDING
           Fire can be defined as …….
   A combustion process sufficiently intense to emit heat and       light of varying
    intensity.
 A great number of questions or complaints.

 To throw or direct at something with great force!

   The heat or burning that cooks our food and keep us warm during cold weather.


   Termination from employment with a cause. (Fire out)

   Shooting a gun.

   Great warmth feeling towards the opposite sex!
    (Fire under control)
   Heat or burning used in the process to convert raw materials into finished products.


 The heat or burning that destroys lives, things and properties.
Fire   –the result of rapid
oxidation (Chemical
Reaction)
    and combination of
combustible materials (
Fuel )
    with air ( O2) In the
presence of enough agent
    (Heat).
    The “Fire Triangle” identifies the three
            components of any fire:




For the FIRE to occur 3 sides of the triangle
must be present…
                                                   Atmosphere:
                                                       - 78% N
                     Wood, Paper, Cloth
                                                       - 21% O
                     Coal, Plastics,Etc
                                                       - 1% Natural Gas
Natural Gas,
Propane,
Butane, Etc..
                                            Chemical

   Gasoline, Paint
                                            Reaction                      16%
   Kerosene, Alcohol                                                   Combustion
   Varnish, Etc…


                             -Sparks & Arcs             -Open Flames
                             - Electrical               -Hot Surfaces
                              Energy                    -Frictions
             OXYGEN SOURCE
21 % - Normal air – is the air we breath; with
       78 % nitrogen and 1 % other gases.
16 % - Approximately required to sustain
          combustion.
12 % - Dizziness, headache, rapid fatigue occurs,
     and PANIC is experienced in this level.
9 % - UNCONSCIOUSNESS occurs

6 % - DEATH within a few minutes from respiratory
      failure and concurrent heart failure occurs.
If any one side is missing… FIRE cannot continue..
Other Prevention methods Include…

* HEAT & SMOKE detectors…




 * Automatic Sprinkle System..
* Kitchen Hood Systems…




* Flame retardant
Finishes & Materials…
* Fire Extinguishers…




                        * Fire Hose Cabinets…
•The FIRE CODE of the
Philippines
 “ P.D. 1185”…

 CONTAINS WRITTEN LAWS, RULES, REGULATIONS, STANDARDS
 SPECIFICATIONS, ENFORCED BY THE BFP FOR FIRE SAFETY
 PURPOSES ON ALL TYPES OF OCCUPANCIES, ESTABLISHMENTS
 ETC
Extinguishment :


                Class A
 - Water is used in cooling or quenching effect to
 reduce the temperature of the burning material below
 its Ignition temperature.


               Class B
  - The smoldering or blanketing effect of oxygen
  exclusion is most effective. Other extinguishing
  methods include removal of fuel and temperature
  reduction
Extinguishment :

                  Class C
- The safest procedure is always to attempt to de
energize high voltage circuits and treat as a Class A or B
fire depending upon the fuel involved.


                   Class D
   - There is no agent available that will effectively
   control fires in all combustible metals. Special
   extinguishing agents are available for control of fire in
   each of the metals and are marked specifically for
   that metal.
                  Class        K




      Cooking media- Vegetable oils or animal oils


•Can be extinguished by smoldering or blanketing     effect
of oxygen ( Class B )..
Direct Flame Contact           - Heat is Transmitted from one material to
                               another by a direct contact.

Convection     -Heat is transmitted through the movement of heated air or
               gases penetrating through shafts or air ways.



Conduction     - Heat material through heated medium igniting another material.




Radiation    - Heat is transmitted through heated rays or heat waves through
             unintervened space.
CONDUCTION
                                                                      Smoke

    Smoke
                                                               Toxic Gases
    Toxic Gases
                                               Heat, will rise as high as 1,400°F
    Flames
                                       Flame                                  •
    Heat

           6 to 12 inches from the floor, there is always fresh air



     The products of combustion Smoke, Heat, Flame, and
       Toxic Gases – are the contributors that affects the
   problems of surviving in this type of atmosphere. The only
chance an individual can do is to crawl low and look for the door.
Smoke, Toxic Gases, Flame, and Heat
will rise in a high rise building. The
effects of Heat Transfer results in the
burning of the upper most part of the
building rather than the next floor
level.




                                          Fire will never travel down
                                          because that is natural law.
Heat generates thermal energy and may travel in any
    direction that will affect clusters of houses.
 Confining the fire in its place of origin by closing
hatches prevents spreading to other compartments.
This process is eliminating the “Chain Reaction” to
           evolve in a compartment fire.
Extinguishing this kind of fire is usually misunderstood
when firefighters dose off water on the unburned houses.
 INCIPIENT STAGE
 :

There is no visible smoke or flame…
 SMOLDERING
 STAGE :




There is smoke but no flame..
FLAME
STAGE :




Smoke and flame are present…
FREE BURNING
STAGE :




There is uncontrolled spread of
superheated air…
1.) NATURAL    -With out human involvement such as
               Lightning, magmas, lavas…
2.) MAN-MADE
   INTENTIONAL -With malicious motive such as
                 revenge, to cover up another
                 crime, to cripple ones business
                 and vandalism.
    UNINTENTIONAL - without malicious intent;
                   carelessness, (overloaded
                  electrical
                   circuit.
1. Burning
2. Lack of Oxygen ( Asphyxia )
3. Smoke Inhalation
4. Carbon monoxide poisoning
5. Structural Collapse
6. Damage to Property
7. Indirect damage to property due to
   firefighting
  During FIRE remember to   RACE…


R escue – rescue clients in immediate danger.
A lert – yell out “SUNOOOOG!!!”/”Fire”,
         pull fire alarm, dial 117
C ontain – Close all doors and windows.

E xtinguish/Evacuate
Fire Extinguishers
                    Operating Lever




                                      Pressure
                                      Gauge




Discharge Nozzle
 Discharge Nozzle
•Pull the pin.
•Aim the nozzle.
•Squeeze the handle.
•Sweep side to side at
the base of the fire.
•NOTE: If, when
using a fire
extinguisher, the
fire is physically
larger than you can
safely handle,
evacuate the area
and notify others
by activating the
emergency pull
station and call 117.
        School Fire Safety Tips
10 Easy Steps for Fire Safety
1. Have a Plan      Know exactly what to do if the alarm
sounds because time counts, and you have only a few
minutes to escape safely.
2. Set a Time with a fire Department
       A school official should work with the Fire Department
       in planning, monitoring, and evaluating the drill.
3. Check Exit Diagrams
       Every room in your school must have one, but better
       two. Read them. Study them. Be sure they show two
       ways out of every room, so you can escape if one way
       is blocked.
Cont…10 Easy Steps for Fire Safety

4. Know the Alarm Sound
       Your school fire alarm should have a definite sound,
       bell, or horn of its own, unlike your local ambulance or
       patrol car siren.
5. When the Alarm Sounds, Stop Everything.
       Listen to your teacher for any new or different
       instructions to follow, depending on the location of the
       make believe or real life.
6. Exit Safely
       File out of the classroom in an orderly line, row by row,
       quickly and quietly. Walk, do not run, to your exit and
       move away to your meeting place.              Make sure
       students with disabilities are given help in getting out
       and are part of your school escape plan.
Cont…10 Easy Steps for Fire Safety


7. Once Out, Stay Out
       Do not go back inside for anything! Wait until roll is
called and your teacher says it is safe to go back.
8. Have Another Plan
       Know what to do in case you can’t follow your original
plan. If the teacher is away, do not wait. Follow your plan and
go outside to your meeting place. If you are not in your usual
classroom, follow the exit plan for the room you are in. Once
outside, report to the nearest teacher so firefighters won’t have
to search for you. Good idea: have the teacher appoint a
student fire marshall who could lead the classroom’s
evacuation.
Cont…10 Easy Steps for Fire Safety

9. Know What to Do in an Unusual Situation
         If you are trapped, feel the door with the back of your hand.
If hot, don’t open it; go to your other way out. If the door is cool, put
your shoulder against it, opening it slowly so can close it quickly if
there is fire on the other side. Also, if you must pass through smoke,
crawl low under it.
10. Know Two Ways Out
        If the exit you had planned to use is blocked by smoke or
flames, you need to know another way out. And not just another
way out of your classroom. Know two ways out of whether you are
in the school building. This should be clear on the fire exit diagrams.
       Don’t forget. It’s up to you to learn your most important
lesson in school: The Fire Drill. And remember, treat every drill as If
it were the real thing – you never know when an actual fire might
break out.
          Survive a Fire
How to Survive a Fire
  - Don’t get trapped
   - Cover your mouth and nose with a damp cloth
  (when possible)
  - Keep low to the floor
  - Don’t hide
  - Be determined to survive
  - If clothes catch fire: Stop, Drop and Roll
  - Once out of the building NEVER RETURN !
MBG

				
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