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					Experiencing English 2
         Unit 5
Ways to Success
                                   Unit 5
                           Ways to Success
In this unit, you will
   first listen, and then interview some
    successful people;
   read about famous people and their
    success stories;
   learn new words and expressions;
   practice the use of the relative and
    appositive clauses;
   write greeting cards for achievements;
   visit Culture Salon to read quotes from
    famous people.
                                                   Experiencing English 2


      Teaching procedures
          I. Listen and Talk
             • Lead in                   • Dialogue Samples
         II. Read and Explore
             • Passage A
                Think About It
                Related Information
                Words and Expressions
                Summary of the Text
                Understanding the Text
                Notes to the Text

hom
         III. Culture Salon
e     Unit 5 Ways to Success
                       Unit 5
               Ways to Success
                        Part I

Listen
         and


                  Talk
                                                                                         Unit 5
                                                                     Ways to Success
 Directions: Listen to the following passage and try to fill the missing
words. Click here to listen.
    Success can be reached in different ways by people in different careers.
     Bill Gates began at age 13 to program computers. His 1._______ for personal computing has
been central to the success of Microsoft Corporation, the company he 2. _______ with his childhood
friend in 1975.
      The former CEO of General Electric, Jack Welch, is a business legend. A famous quote by Mr.
Welch is, “Change before you have to.” He believes in leading by example and 3. _______ his
employees to do their best everyday.
      Michael Jordan said, “I accept 4. ______, but I can‟t accept not trying.” He is one of the best
athletes to ever play team sports. His great smile, athletic 5. _______, and pleasant personality have
made him one of the most famous 6. _______ in the world. Michael Jordan spent a lot of time
playing basketball as a child but in senior middle school he was taken off the team. Instead of 7.
_______, he worked through adversity and became the greatest basketball player yet.
      Celine Dion came from 8. _______ beginnings in a rural French Canadian town in Canada.
The youngest of fourteen children, her voice is internationally known on such soundtracks as Beauty
and the Beast and Titanic.
      Ronaldo is Brazil‟s greatest 9. _______ in soccer since Pele. He began his professional 10.
_______ in the season 90-91, playing for the Social Ramos Club. FIFA (Federation Internationale de
Football Association) voted him best player of the year in 1996.
                                     Experiencing English 2

                         keys
            1. program          2. founded

           3. encourages        4. failure

           5. achievements      6. athletes

           7. giving up         8. humble

           9. talent            10. career
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                            Experiencing English 2
                         Dialogue Samples
Dialogue 1
      An Interview with Bill Gates
Key words and patterns:
 ◆Mr. Gates, what kind of role did fate or luck
 play in your success?
 ◆What do you think is more important to
 your success, intelligence or hard work?
 ◆Please explain the secret of your success.
 ◆Do you regret not finishing college?
 ◆I quit college to start Microsoft, and I don‟t
 regret that.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                    Experiencing English 2

Dialogue 2
  An Interview with Michael Jordan
key words and patterns:
 ◆Michael, did you watch basketball when you
  were not playing the last couple of years, or
  were you staying away from watching
  basketball?
 ◆You were always considered the best.
 ◆In two years a lot of things happened. A lot
  of talent has come in. Other players have
  grown to be better players than when I
  faced them.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                    Unit 5
                                            Ways to Success
   Directions: Listen to the following passage and fill in the missing
  words with the help of pictures.Click here to listen.
  Ronaldo—
Football Player



                         Bill Gates—
                    Chairman of Microsoft




                                             Jack Welch—
                                               Ex-CEO of     Michael Jordan—
                                            General Electric Basketball Player
                   Celine Dion—
                  Popular Singer
                                                Unit 5
                                       Ways to Success

    The photos are all related to Ways to Success . Describe
    them to your classmates with the help of the following
    question.

    1. What is happening in these photos?
       Describe them as you imagine.
    2. Which photo do you like best? Why?
    3. Who else do you know is successful in
       his/her career?



.
                     Unit 5
             Ways to Success
                     Part II

Read
       and


         Explore
Passage A
  My Advice to Students: Education
               Counts
                                     Experiencing English 2
Words & Expressions of passage A
1.capable a.1) (of) having the power, skill, or
    other qualities needed (to do something)有
    能力
 eg: He‟s quite capable of lying to get out of
    trouble.
              2) skilful and effective能干的
 eg: She is a very capable manger.
 incapable adj.
2. claim v. 1) declare to be true 声称
 eg: After the battle both sides claimed victory.
             2) (on, for) ask for, take.索取,认领
 eg: Did you claim on the insurance after your
    car accident?
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                  Experiencing English 2

3.discourage v. prevent or try to prevent (an
  action) 劝阻
 eg: I discouraged him from borrowing money.
4. dynamics n. a force that produces change,
  action or effects (原)动力
 dynamic adj. full of activity, new ideas.
 eg: a dynamic young businessman
5. Heartfelt a. deeply felt 衷心的
 eg: my heartfelt thanks
6. jeopardize v. put something at risk or in
  danger 危害
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                    Experiencing English 2

 eg: If you are rude to him it may jeopardize
  your chance of promotion.
7. obsessive a. excessively interested 着迷的
 eg: his obsessive interest in music
8. perceive v. (come to) have knowledge of
  something through the mind 理解;领悟到
 eg: They perceived that they were
  unwelcome and left.
9. purely ad. only, merely 纯粹地
 eg: I helped him purely and simply out of
  friendship.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                      Experiencing English 2

10. standpoint n. a position from which things
    are seen and opinions are formed 立场
 eg: Let‟s look at this from the standpoint of the
    ordinary voter.
· Phrases and Expressions
1.drop out (of ):stop attending or taking part
 eg: He dropped out of college after only two
    weeks.
2. sign up: sign an agreement to take part in
    something 签约受雇;报名参加
 eg: I‟ve signed up to take course at the local
    college.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                    Experiencing English 2

 3. lose oneself in: be extremely interested in
  something 沉浸于
 eg: He lost himself in the book.
 4. fall into: pass into a specified state 陷入
 eg: He fell into a rage when he heard that his
  son failed the test again.
5. try out: test something by use, action, and
  experience, in order to find out
     about its quality, worth, effect, etc. 试用;
 eg: The drug has not been tried out on
  human yet.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                     Experiencing English 2




        Lead-in Questions
        1. Who is Bill Gates? What do you know about
          him? .
        2. What do you think of school education?
        Does it play a significant role in your life?
        3. Do you want to pursue graduate study after you
        get your BA or BS? Explain.




                     (Click the button below to go to each part.)
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                    Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
      Click the following words to listen to the text.
       Listen to the whole text.
           Listen to paragraph 1.    Listen to paragraph 13.
           Listen to paragraph 2.    Listen to paragraph 14.
           Listen to paragraph 3.    Listen to paragraph 15.
           Listen to paragraph 4.    Listen to paragraph 16.
           Listen to paragraph 5.    Listen to paragraph 17.
           Listen to paragraph 6.
           Listen to paragraph 7.
           Listen to paragraph 8.
           Listen to paragraph 9.
           Listen to paragraph 10.
           Listen to paragraph 11.
           Listen to paragraph 12.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Summary of the Text
       It is well known that Bill Gates dropped out
     of college. Some people even think he never
     finished high school. In fact he finished three
     years at Harvard, where he studied a variety
     of subjects and only took one computer class.
     His main advice to students is to do much as
     he did, but to finish college before dropping
     out unless the opportunity of a lifetime
     appears. He feels students should not
     specialize too soon.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                        Experiencing English 2




        Summary of the Text
     If they do specialize they should also pursue
     other subjects and make acceptable grades.
     Above all else he believes students should
     learn how to learn, so they can learn on their
     own outside the classroom. This in fact is how
     Gates learned most of what he knows about
     computers, though he apparently feels that
     most students need a somewhat more
     structured approach to education than he had.
 .

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                        Experiencing English 2




        Understanding the Text
      1. Why do many students write to Gates
         every year?

          They want to get his advice about
          education.




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Understanding the Text
      2. Why do some parents write to Gates?


          They want to get guidance for their
          children.




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                     Experiencing English 2




        Understanding the Text
    3. What does Gates think of dropping out
       of school?

         He discourages it.




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                      Experiencing English 2




        Understanding the Text
      4. Which university did Gates go to? Did
         he graduate with a degree?

          He went to Harvard but he dropped
          out in his junior year.




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                            Experiencing English 2




        Understanding the Text
      5. When does Gates think is the appropriate
         time for students to think about specialization?


          He thinks that students should think
          about specialization while in college.




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                           Experiencing English 2




        Understanding the Text
      6. Many students choose to work for a while
         before going to a university. What do you
          think of this?

          Open.




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                           Experiencing English 2
    My Advice to Students: Education Counts
      Hundreds of students send me e-mail each year
   asking for advice about education. They want to
   know what to study, or whether it's okay to drop
   out of college since that's what I did.

      A smaller number of parents send messages,
   seeking guidance for their son or daughter. "How
   can we steer our child toward success?" they ask.

    My basic advice is simple and heartfelt: Get the
   best education you can. Take advantage of high
   school and college. Learn how to learn.


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2
      It's true that I dropped out of college to start
   Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years
   before dropping out——and I'd love to have the
   time to go back. As I've said before, nobody should
   drop out of college unless they believe they face
   the opportunity of a lifetime. And even then they
   should reconsider.

      Kathy Cridland, a sixth-grade teacher in Ohio,
   wrote to say, "Several of my students claim that
   you never finished high school. Since you are a
   success, my students perceive that as a reason not
   to care much about getting a good education."

        I finished high school!

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2
      The computer industry has lots of people who
   didn„t finish college, but I‟m not aware of any
   success stories that began with somebody
   dropping out of high school. I actually don„t know
   any high school dropouts, let alone any successful
   ones.

      In my company's early years
   we had a bright part-time
   programmer who threatened
   to drop out of high school to
   work full-time. We told him no.
      Quite a few of our people didn't finish college,
   but we discourage dropping out. Having a diploma
   certainly helps somebody who is looking to us for a
   job.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                           Experiencing English 2
      College isn't the only place where information
   exists. You can learn in a library. But somebody
   handing you a book doesn't automatically foster
   learning. You want to learn with other people, ask
   questions, try out ideas and have a way to test
   your ability. It usually takes more than just a book.
      Education should be broad,
   although it's fine to have deep
   interests, too.
      In high school there were periods when I was
   highly focused on writing software, but for most of
   my high school years I had wide-ranging academic
   interests. My parents encouraged this, and I'm
   grateful that they did

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                            Experiencing English 2
     Although I attended a lot of different kinds of
   classes in college, I signed up for only one
   computer class the whole time. I read about all
   kinds of things.
      One parent wrote me that her 15-year-old son
   "lost himself in the hole of the computer." He got
   an A in website design, but other grades were
   sinking, she said.
     This boy is making a mistake. High school and
   college offer you the best chance to learn
   broadly — math, history, various sciences — and
   to do projects with other kids that teach you first-
   hand about group dynamics. It's fine to take a
   deep interest in computers, dance, language or
   any other discipline, but not if it jeopardizes
   breadth.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2
     If you fall into an obsessive pattern in high
   school, you've got two problems. One is that you're
   unlikely to change when you go to college. The
   other is that if you don't get reasonably good
   grades, it's hard to go to a college that has the
   highly motivated, capable students who can really
   help you learn about the world.
      In college it's appropriate to think about
   specialization. Getting real expertise in an area of
   interest can lead to success——unless the specialty
   ends up being a dead end or you're not good at.
   Graduate school is one way to get specialized
   knowledge, although extended college education
   isn't always a good investment from a purely
   economic standpoint.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                            Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
 1.It's true that I dropped out of college to start
   Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years
   before dropping out--and I'd love to have the
   time to go back. (para. 4)
    It's true that I left college early to start
    Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years
    before I left, and if I had the time I'd love to go
    back (for my further study).
    不错,为创建微软,我未完成大学学业,不过辍学之前我
    已经在哈佛呆了三年,而且我真心希望有一天能重返校园。

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                       Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
2.Since you are a success, my students perceive
  that as a reason not to care much about getting
  a good education.(para. 5)

   As you are a success, my students tend to infer
   from your success that they don't have to worry
   very much about doing well in school.

   你成功了,我的学生因此就认为没有必要接受良好的教育。



Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                     Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
3.But somebody handing you a book doesn't
  automatically foster learning. (para. 10)


   But if someone gives you a book you may not
   necessarily learn anything from it.

   但人家递给你一本书并不能自动地让你学到东西。




Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
4.In high school there were periods when I was
  highly focused on writing software, but for
  most of my high school years I had wide-
  ranging academic interests. (para. 12)

   Sometimes in high school I engaged myself
   wholly in writing software, but most of the time
   I studied a large variety of subjects.

   读高中时,我有一段时间醉心于软件编写,但大部分时间
   里,我的学习兴趣相当广泛。

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                     Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
5.One parent wrote me that her 15-year-old son
  "lost himself in the hole of the computer."
  (para. 14)

   One parent wrote me that her 15-year-od son
   became completely preocupied by the
   computer and ignored everything else.

   有位家长写信说,她15岁的儿子“钻进计算机无底洞里
   了”。


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
6.It's fine to take a deep interest in computers,
  dance, language or any other discipline, but
  not if it jeopardizes breadth. (para. 15)
   It's OK to be very strongly interested in any
   subject or activity such as computers, dance,
   or language, but not if it makes your interests
   too narrow.
   你对计算机、舞蹈、语言或其他任何的科目有深入的兴趣
   也无可厚非,但太偏执而舍弃学习广度则不是一件好事了。


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
7.If you fall into an obsessive pattern in high
  school, you've got two problems. (para. 16)

   If you fall into a bad habit of having strong but
   narrow interests in high school, you have two
   problems (not just one).

   如果高中阶段兴趣过于集中,你会面临两个问题。



Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                        Experiencing English 2




        Notes to the Text
7.Graduate school is one way to get specialized
  knowledge, although extended college
  education isn't always a good investment from
  a purely economic standpoint. (para. 17)
   Graduate school is one way to study a
   particular academic area , but it may not be
   the wisest way to invest your time and your
   tuition money.
   读研究生是获取专业知识的一个途径,不过从纯经济角度
   来看,大学毕业后再接受教育不总是明智的投资。
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   1. take advantage of: make use of, profit
                         from
  Examples:

       • We should take full advantage of the
         exceptional opportunity open in exports.

       • You'd better take advantage of the warm
         weather by going for a walk this afternoon.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                            Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   2. opportunity: a favorable moment or
                  occasion (for doing something)
  Examples:

       • It will give you an opportunity to meet all
         kinds of people.

       • Don't let slip any opportunity of practicing
         your English.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   3. claim: say that (sth.) is true or is a fact
             without having any proof
  Examples:

       • Jean claims to own a car but I don't
         believe her.

       • He claimed that he had done the work
         without help.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   4. let alone: not to mention


  Examples:
    • I have not even read the first chapter, let
      alone finished the book.

       • The baby can't even walk, let alone run.


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   5. threaten: hang over dangerously, utter a
                threat; give warning of
  Examples:

       • Giant pandas are threatened with extinction.

       • Dark skies threaten rain.



Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                           Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   6. look to: depend on the action of


  Examples:

       • We look to you for help / to help us.

       • An able young man is ashamed to look to
         others for assistance.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                           Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   7. foster: help (something) to grow or develop


  Examples:
    • Cooperative learning fosters a spirit of
      cooperation.

       • The mother tried to foster her son's interest
         in music by taking him to concerts when he
         was young.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   8. focus on: direct one's attention to


  Examples:

       • Today we're going to focus on the question
         of homeless people in London.

       • As we can't study all the resources, I
         propose we focus attention on one of them.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   9. grateful: feeling or showing thanks


  Examples:

       • I was most grateful to John for bringing the
         books.

       • We are grateful to our neighbors for help in
         time of trouble.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                          Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   10. discipline: a method of training


  Examples:
       • Learning poetry is a good discipline for the
         memory.

       • In learning a foreign language,
         pronunciation drills and question and
         answer drills are good discipline.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                         Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   11. capable: having ability of doing or the
                power to do

  Examples:

       • She is extremely capable and dependable.

       • This computer is capable of storing
         millions of bits of information.


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                           Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   12. appropriate: correct or suitable


  Examples:

       • Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for
         school wear.

       • It seemed appropriate to end with a joke.


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                        Experiencing English 2




        Words and Expressions
   13. lead to: have as a result, cause


  Examples:

       • A bad cold can lead to pneumonia.

       •Hard work leads to success.



Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                                           Experiencing English 2




        Bill Gates




                                      http://www.microsoft.com/billgates


 Gates, William Henry, III (1955- ) is an American business executive, who serves
 as chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation, the leading
 computer software company in the United States. Gates cofounded Microsoft in
 1975 with high school friend Paul Allen. The company’s success made Gates
 one of the most influential figures in the computer industry and, eventually, one
 of the richest people in the world.


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                                                Experiencing English 2




          Microsoft



     Microsoft Windows                   Microsoft office
                                                                        http://www.msn.com/
    Microsoft Corporation is a leading American computer software company. Microsoft
     develops and sells a wide variety of software products to businesses and consumers in
     more than 50 countries. The company’s Windows operating systems for personal
     computers are the most widely used operating systems in the world. Microsoft has its
     headquarters in Redmond, Washington. Microsoft’s other well-known products include
     Word, a word processor; Excel, a spreadsheet program; Access, a database program; and
     PowerPoint, a program for making business presentations. These programs are sold
     separately and as part of Office, an integrated software suite. Microsoft’s Internet Explorer
     allows users to browse the World Wide Web. Among the company’s other products are
     reference applications; games; financial software; programming languages for software
     developers; input devices, such as pointing devices and keyboards; and computer-related
     books.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                                      Experiencing English 2




        The State of Ohio



                          The Ohio River,which traverses all     http://www.state.oh.us/
                          of Ohio‟s natural land regions

     Ohio is one of the East North Central states of the United States. Ohio is located on
     several main routes between the eastern and western United States. Therefore it
     attracted settlers from all parts of the country and developed a culture significant
     for its diversity. Ohio first developed as an agricultural region, and more than half of
     the land is still devoted to growing crops and raising livestock. The state’s position
     on major east-west highways and railroads and its access to Lake Erie and the Ohio
     River, however, offered a large potential market for industrial production. This
     strategic location, combined with the presence of abundant natural resources and
     potential sources of power, made possible the rise of the industrial concentrations
     that have made Ohio a leading industrial state.

Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                                             Experiencing English 2




         Culture Salon
    Always bear in mind that your own resolution to success is more important than
any other one thing.                                                             Abraham Lincoln
    Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they
gave up.                                                                          Thomas Edison
    If A is success in life, then A equals x plus y plus z. Work is x; y is play;
and z is keeping your mouth shut.                                                Albert Einstein
    Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't
lose.                                                                            Bill Gates
    Man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated.
                                                                                 Ernest Hemingwa
    Each success only buys an admission ticket to a more difficult problem.
                                                                                 Henry Kissinge
    Success usually comes to those who are too busy to be looking for it.
                                                                                 Henry Thoreau
    I don't know the key to success, but the key to failure is to try to please
everyone.                                                                        Bill corsby


Unit 5 Ways to Success
                                                                    Experiencing English 2




          Goal Checking
      On a scale of A to E, where A stands for “very well”, B for “well”, C for
     “moderately well”, D for “not very well”, and E for “not at all”, rate how
     well you have achieved the goals set at the beginning of this unit.


         A B C D E    interview successful people
         A B C D E    understand the two reading passages
         A B C D E    use the new words and expressions
         A B C D E    write about the advantages of getting a good education
         A B C D E    use relative and appositive clauses
         A B C D E    write greeting cards for achievements
         ABCDE       understand the quotes from some celebrities

      If you have given yourself a C or lower rating on any of these goals, please:
         -visit the Experiencing English website for additional help.
         -review the section that you found difficult.
         -ask your teacher for extra help.
         -work with a peer or form a study group to reinforce your progress.
Unit 5 Ways to Success
Thank You!

				
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