Experiencing English 2 Unit 5 Ways to Success Unit 5 Ways to Success In this unit, you will first listen, and then interview some successful people; read about famous people and their success stories; learn new words and expressions; practice the use of the relative and appositive clauses; write greeting cards for achievements; visit Culture Salon to read quotes from famous people. Experiencing English 2 Teaching procedures I. Listen and Talk • Lead in • Dialogue Samples II. Read and Explore • Passage A Think About It Related Information Words and Expressions Summary of the Text Understanding the Text Notes to the Text hom III. Culture Salon e Unit 5 Ways to Success Unit 5 Ways to Success Part I Listen and Talk Unit 5 Ways to Success Directions: Listen to the following passage and try to fill the missing words. Click here to listen. Success can be reached in different ways by people in different careers. Bill Gates began at age 13 to program computers. His 1._______ for personal computing has been central to the success of Microsoft Corporation, the company he 2. _______ with his childhood friend in 1975. The former CEO of General Electric, Jack Welch, is a business legend. A famous quote by Mr. Welch is, “Change before you have to.” He believes in leading by example and 3. _______ his employees to do their best everyday. Michael Jordan said, “I accept 4. ______, but I can‟t accept not trying.” He is one of the best athletes to ever play team sports. His great smile, athletic 5. _______, and pleasant personality have made him one of the most famous 6. _______ in the world. Michael Jordan spent a lot of time playing basketball as a child but in senior middle school he was taken off the team. Instead of 7. _______, he worked through adversity and became the greatest basketball player yet. Celine Dion came from 8. _______ beginnings in a rural French Canadian town in Canada. The youngest of fourteen children, her voice is internationally known on such soundtracks as Beauty and the Beast and Titanic. Ronaldo is Brazil‟s greatest 9. _______ in soccer since Pele. He began his professional 10. _______ in the season 90-91, playing for the Social Ramos Club. FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) voted him best player of the year in 1996. Experiencing English 2 keys 1. program 2. founded 3. encourages 4. failure 5. achievements 6. athletes 7. giving up 8. humble 9. talent 10. career Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Dialogue Samples Dialogue 1 An Interview with Bill Gates Key words and patterns: ◆Mr. Gates, what kind of role did fate or luck play in your success? ◆What do you think is more important to your success, intelligence or hard work? ◆Please explain the secret of your success. ◆Do you regret not finishing college? ◆I quit college to start Microsoft, and I don‟t regret that. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Dialogue 2 An Interview with Michael Jordan key words and patterns: ◆Michael, did you watch basketball when you were not playing the last couple of years, or were you staying away from watching basketball? ◆You were always considered the best. ◆In two years a lot of things happened. A lot of talent has come in. Other players have grown to be better players than when I faced them. Unit 5 Ways to Success Unit 5 Ways to Success Directions: Listen to the following passage and fill in the missing words with the help of pictures.Click here to listen. Ronaldo— Football Player Bill Gates— Chairman of Microsoft Jack Welch— Ex-CEO of Michael Jordan— General Electric Basketball Player Celine Dion— Popular Singer Unit 5 Ways to Success The photos are all related to Ways to Success . Describe them to your classmates with the help of the following question. 1. What is happening in these photos? Describe them as you imagine. 2. Which photo do you like best? Why? 3. Who else do you know is successful in his/her career? . Unit 5 Ways to Success Part II Read and Explore Passage A My Advice to Students: Education Counts Experiencing English 2 Words & Expressions of passage A 1.capable a.1) (of) having the power, skill, or other qualities needed (to do something)有 能力 eg: He‟s quite capable of lying to get out of trouble. 2) skilful and effective能干的 eg: She is a very capable manger. incapable adj. 2. claim v. 1) declare to be true 声称 eg: After the battle both sides claimed victory. 2) (on, for) ask for, take.索取,认领 eg: Did you claim on the insurance after your car accident? Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 3.discourage v. prevent or try to prevent (an action) 劝阻 eg: I discouraged him from borrowing money. 4. dynamics n. a force that produces change, action or effects （原）动力 dynamic adj. full of activity, new ideas. eg: a dynamic young businessman 5. Heartfelt a. deeply felt 衷心的 eg: my heartfelt thanks 6. jeopardize v. put something at risk or in danger 危害 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 eg: If you are rude to him it may jeopardize your chance of promotion. 7. obsessive a. excessively interested 着迷的 eg: his obsessive interest in music 8. perceive v. (come to) have knowledge of something through the mind 理解；领悟到 eg: They perceived that they were unwelcome and left. 9. purely ad. only, merely 纯粹地 eg: I helped him purely and simply out of friendship. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 10. standpoint n. a position from which things are seen and opinions are formed 立场 eg: Let‟s look at this from the standpoint of the ordinary voter. · Phrases and Expressions 1.drop out (of ):stop attending or taking part eg: He dropped out of college after only two weeks. 2. sign up: sign an agreement to take part in something 签约受雇；报名参加 eg: I‟ve signed up to take course at the local college. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 3. lose oneself in: be extremely interested in something 沉浸于 eg: He lost himself in the book. 4. fall into: pass into a specified state 陷入 eg: He fell into a rage when he heard that his son failed the test again. 5. try out: test something by use, action, and experience, in order to find out about its quality, worth, effect, etc. 试用； eg: The drug has not been tried out on human yet. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Lead-in Questions 1. Who is Bill Gates? What do you know about him? . 2. What do you think of school education? Does it play a significant role in your life? 3. Do you want to pursue graduate study after you get your BA or BS? Explain. (Click the button below to go to each part.) Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text Click the following words to listen to the text. Listen to the whole text. Listen to paragraph 1. Listen to paragraph 13. Listen to paragraph 2. Listen to paragraph 14. Listen to paragraph 3. Listen to paragraph 15. Listen to paragraph 4. Listen to paragraph 16. Listen to paragraph 5. Listen to paragraph 17. Listen to paragraph 6. Listen to paragraph 7. Listen to paragraph 8. Listen to paragraph 9. Listen to paragraph 10. Listen to paragraph 11. Listen to paragraph 12. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Summary of the Text It is well known that Bill Gates dropped out of college. Some people even think he never finished high school. In fact he finished three years at Harvard, where he studied a variety of subjects and only took one computer class. His main advice to students is to do much as he did, but to finish college before dropping out unless the opportunity of a lifetime appears. He feels students should not specialize too soon. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Summary of the Text If they do specialize they should also pursue other subjects and make acceptable grades. Above all else he believes students should learn how to learn, so they can learn on their own outside the classroom. This in fact is how Gates learned most of what he knows about computers, though he apparently feels that most students need a somewhat more structured approach to education than he had. . Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Understanding the Text 1. Why do many students write to Gates every year? They want to get his advice about education. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Understanding the Text 2. Why do some parents write to Gates? They want to get guidance for their children. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Understanding the Text 3. What does Gates think of dropping out of school? He discourages it. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Understanding the Text 4. Which university did Gates go to? Did he graduate with a degree? He went to Harvard but he dropped out in his junior year. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Understanding the Text 5. When does Gates think is the appropriate time for students to think about specialization? He thinks that students should think about specialization while in college. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Understanding the Text 6. Many students choose to work for a while before going to a university. What do you think of this? Open. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 My Advice to Students: Education Counts Hundreds of students send me e-mail each year asking for advice about education. They want to know what to study, or whether it's okay to drop out of college since that's what I did. A smaller number of parents send messages, seeking guidance for their son or daughter. "How can we steer our child toward success?" they ask. My basic advice is simple and heartfelt: Get the best education you can. Take advantage of high school and college. Learn how to learn. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 It's true that I dropped out of college to start Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years before dropping out——and I'd love to have the time to go back. As I've said before, nobody should drop out of college unless they believe they face the opportunity of a lifetime. And even then they should reconsider. Kathy Cridland, a sixth-grade teacher in Ohio, wrote to say, "Several of my students claim that you never finished high school. Since you are a success, my students perceive that as a reason not to care much about getting a good education." I finished high school! Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 The computer industry has lots of people who didn„t finish college, but I‟m not aware of any success stories that began with somebody dropping out of high school. I actually don„t know any high school dropouts, let alone any successful ones. In my company's early years we had a bright part-time programmer who threatened to drop out of high school to work full-time. We told him no. Quite a few of our people didn't finish college, but we discourage dropping out. Having a diploma certainly helps somebody who is looking to us for a job. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 College isn't the only place where information exists. You can learn in a library. But somebody handing you a book doesn't automatically foster learning. You want to learn with other people, ask questions, try out ideas and have a way to test your ability. It usually takes more than just a book. Education should be broad, although it's fine to have deep interests, too. In high school there were periods when I was highly focused on writing software, but for most of my high school years I had wide-ranging academic interests. My parents encouraged this, and I'm grateful that they did Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Although I attended a lot of different kinds of classes in college, I signed up for only one computer class the whole time. I read about all kinds of things. One parent wrote me that her 15-year-old son "lost himself in the hole of the computer." He got an A in website design, but other grades were sinking, she said. This boy is making a mistake. High school and college offer you the best chance to learn broadly — math, history, various sciences — and to do projects with other kids that teach you first- hand about group dynamics. It's fine to take a deep interest in computers, dance, language or any other discipline, but not if it jeopardizes breadth. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 If you fall into an obsessive pattern in high school, you've got two problems. One is that you're unlikely to change when you go to college. The other is that if you don't get reasonably good grades, it's hard to go to a college that has the highly motivated, capable students who can really help you learn about the world. In college it's appropriate to think about specialization. Getting real expertise in an area of interest can lead to success——unless the specialty ends up being a dead end or you're not good at. Graduate school is one way to get specialized knowledge, although extended college education isn't always a good investment from a purely economic standpoint. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 1.It's true that I dropped out of college to start Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years before dropping out--and I'd love to have the time to go back. (para. 4) It's true that I left college early to start Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years before I left, and if I had the time I'd love to go back (for my further study). 不错，为创建微软，我未完成大学学业，不过辍学之前我 已经在哈佛呆了三年，而且我真心希望有一天能重返校园。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 2.Since you are a success, my students perceive that as a reason not to care much about getting a good education.(para. 5) As you are a success, my students tend to infer from your success that they don't have to worry very much about doing well in school. 你成功了，我的学生因此就认为没有必要接受良好的教育。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 3.But somebody handing you a book doesn't automatically foster learning. (para. 10) But if someone gives you a book you may not necessarily learn anything from it. 但人家递给你一本书并不能自动地让你学到东西。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 4.In high school there were periods when I was highly focused on writing software, but for most of my high school years I had wide- ranging academic interests. (para. 12) Sometimes in high school I engaged myself wholly in writing software, but most of the time I studied a large variety of subjects. 读高中时，我有一段时间醉心于软件编写，但大部分时间 里，我的学习兴趣相当广泛。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 5.One parent wrote me that her 15-year-old son "lost himself in the hole of the computer." (para. 14) One parent wrote me that her 15-year-od son became completely preocupied by the computer and ignored everything else. 有位家长写信说，她15岁的儿子“钻进计算机无底洞里 了”。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 6.It's fine to take a deep interest in computers, dance, language or any other discipline, but not if it jeopardizes breadth. (para. 15) It's OK to be very strongly interested in any subject or activity such as computers, dance, or language, but not if it makes your interests too narrow. 你对计算机、舞蹈、语言或其他任何的科目有深入的兴趣 也无可厚非，但太偏执而舍弃学习广度则不是一件好事了。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 7.If you fall into an obsessive pattern in high school, you've got two problems. (para. 16) If you fall into a bad habit of having strong but narrow interests in high school, you have two problems (not just one). 如果高中阶段兴趣过于集中，你会面临两个问题。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Notes to the Text 7.Graduate school is one way to get specialized knowledge, although extended college education isn't always a good investment from a purely economic standpoint. (para. 17) Graduate school is one way to study a particular academic area , but it may not be the wisest way to invest your time and your tuition money. 读研究生是获取专业知识的一个途径，不过从纯经济角度 来看，大学毕业后再接受教育不总是明智的投资。 Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 1. take advantage of: make use of, profit from Examples: • We should take full advantage of the exceptional opportunity open in exports. • You'd better take advantage of the warm weather by going for a walk this afternoon. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 2. opportunity: a favorable moment or occasion (for doing something) Examples: • It will give you an opportunity to meet all kinds of people. • Don't let slip any opportunity of practicing your English. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 3. claim: say that (sth.) is true or is a fact without having any proof Examples: • Jean claims to own a car but I don't believe her. • He claimed that he had done the work without help. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 4. let alone: not to mention Examples: • I have not even read the first chapter, let alone finished the book. • The baby can't even walk, let alone run. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 5. threaten: hang over dangerously, utter a threat; give warning of Examples: • Giant pandas are threatened with extinction. • Dark skies threaten rain. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 6. look to: depend on the action of Examples: • We look to you for help / to help us. • An able young man is ashamed to look to others for assistance. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 7. foster: help (something) to grow or develop Examples: • Cooperative learning fosters a spirit of cooperation. • The mother tried to foster her son's interest in music by taking him to concerts when he was young. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 8. focus on: direct one's attention to Examples: • Today we're going to focus on the question of homeless people in London. • As we can't study all the resources, I propose we focus attention on one of them. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 9. grateful: feeling or showing thanks Examples: • I was most grateful to John for bringing the books. • We are grateful to our neighbors for help in time of trouble. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 10. discipline: a method of training Examples: • Learning poetry is a good discipline for the memory. • In learning a foreign language, pronunciation drills and question and answer drills are good discipline. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 11. capable: having ability of doing or the power to do Examples: • She is extremely capable and dependable. • This computer is capable of storing millions of bits of information. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 12. appropriate: correct or suitable Examples: • Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. • It seemed appropriate to end with a joke. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Words and Expressions 13. lead to: have as a result, cause Examples: • A bad cold can lead to pneumonia. •Hard work leads to success. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Bill Gates http://www.microsoft.com/billgates Gates, William Henry, III (1955- ) is an American business executive, who serves as chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation, the leading computer software company in the United States. Gates cofounded Microsoft in 1975 with high school friend Paul Allen. The company’s success made Gates one of the most influential figures in the computer industry and, eventually, one of the richest people in the world. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Microsoft Microsoft Windows Microsoft office http://www.msn.com/ Microsoft Corporation is a leading American computer software company. Microsoft develops and sells a wide variety of software products to businesses and consumers in more than 50 countries. The company’s Windows operating systems for personal computers are the most widely used operating systems in the world. Microsoft has its headquarters in Redmond, Washington. Microsoft’s other well-known products include Word, a word processor; Excel, a spreadsheet program; Access, a database program; and PowerPoint, a program for making business presentations. These programs are sold separately and as part of Office, an integrated software suite. Microsoft’s Internet Explorer allows users to browse the World Wide Web. Among the company’s other products are reference applications; games; financial software; programming languages for software developers; input devices, such as pointing devices and keyboards; and computer-related books. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 The State of Ohio The Ohio River,which traverses all http://www.state.oh.us/ of Ohio‟s natural land regions Ohio is one of the East North Central states of the United States. Ohio is located on several main routes between the eastern and western United States. Therefore it attracted settlers from all parts of the country and developed a culture significant for its diversity. Ohio first developed as an agricultural region, and more than half of the land is still devoted to growing crops and raising livestock. The state’s position on major east-west highways and railroads and its access to Lake Erie and the Ohio River, however, offered a large potential market for industrial production. This strategic location, combined with the presence of abundant natural resources and potential sources of power, made possible the rise of the industrial concentrations that have made Ohio a leading industrial state. Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Culture Salon Always bear in mind that your own resolution to success is more important than any other one thing. Abraham Lincoln Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up. Thomas Edison If A is success in life, then A equals x plus y plus z. Work is x; y is play; and z is keeping your mouth shut. Albert Einstein Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't lose. Bill Gates Man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated. Ernest Hemingwa Each success only buys an admission ticket to a more difficult problem. Henry Kissinge Success usually comes to those who are too busy to be looking for it. Henry Thoreau I don't know the key to success, but the key to failure is to try to please everyone. Bill corsby Unit 5 Ways to Success Experiencing English 2 Goal Checking On a scale of A to E, where A stands for “very well”, B for “well”, C for “moderately well”, D for “not very well”, and E for “not at all”, rate how well you have achieved the goals set at the beginning of this unit. A B C D E interview successful people A B C D E understand the two reading passages A B C D E use the new words and expressions A B C D E write about the advantages of getting a good education A B C D E use relative and appositive clauses A B C D E write greeting cards for achievements ABCDE understand the quotes from some celebrities If you have given yourself a C or lower rating on any of these goals, please: -visit the Experiencing English website for additional help. -review the section that you found difficult. -ask your teacher for extra help. -work with a peer or form a study group to reinforce your progress. Unit 5 Ways to Success Thank You!