The American Revolution - PowerPoint 1

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					The American Revolution

                4th Grade
             Core Knowledge
              Social Studies

                  PS 123
       Joan Stewart, CK Facilitator
     George Campbell, Literacy Coach
      John King, Spec. Ed. Specialist
If you can show me how I can cling to that
which is real to me, while teaching me a
way into the larger society, then I will not
only drop my defenses and my hostility,
but I will sing your praises and I will help to
make the desert bear fruit.

               Ralph Ellison
           The Big Idea

Disagreements about principles of
government led the American colonists to
seek independence from Great Britain.
 What Teachers Need to Know
• Background
• In grade 4, students should undertake a
  detailed study of the causes, major figures
  and consequences of the American
  Revolution with a focus on the main
  events and figures, as well as the following
    Student’s Prior Knowledge
• Location and significance of the colonies:
     New England
     Middle Atlantic
• Location and importance of major cities:
     New York
        Important Questions
• What caused the colonists to break away
  and become an independent nation?
• What significant ideas and values were at
  the heart of the American Revolution?
• What role did diverse people, including
  African-Americans and Native Americans
  play in the American Revolution?
 What Students Need to Learn
• French and Indian War (also known as the
  Seven Year War)
• Alliances with Native Americans
• Historical African-American figures
• The Battle of Quebec
• Causes of the American Revolution
• Boston Massacre and Crispus Attucks
• Boston Tea Party
    What Students Need to Learn
•   The Intolerable Acts
•   First Continental Congress
•   Paul Revere’s ride
•   Concord and Lexington
•   Second Continental Congress
•   Bunker Hill
•   Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
 What Students Need to Learn
• Declaration of Independence
• Revolutionary Women (Phillis Wheatley, Molly
  Pitcher, Deborah Sampson, Elizabeth Freeman)
• Victory at Saratoga/Alliance with France
• European allies (Lafayette, Kosciusko)
• John Paul Jones
• Valley Forge
• Benedict Arnold
• Surrender at Yorktown
    Student/Teacher Vocabulary
• Battle of Quebec     •   Intolerable Acts
• Battle of Saratoga   •   Loyalists (Tories)
• Boston Massacre      •   Minutemen
• Boston Tea Party     •   Redcoats
• Declaration of       •   Valley Forge
  Independence         •   Yorktown
• French and Indian    •   Colonists
             Important Ideas
• By defeating the French in the French and
  Indian War, the British established themselves
  as the dominant power in North America.
• The French and Indian War resulted in a change
  in British policies and laws toward the colonists.
• With every new law: new taxes, military force,
  taking away of colonists rights-the colonists
  came closer to declaring their independence.
            Important Ideas
• The Declaration of Independence, mostly written
  by Thomas Jefferson, is an important document
  in American History that students should
  recognize and understand.
• The colonists alliance with France was an
  important step toward the colonists winning the
• Familiarize students with the diverse Americans
  who played key roles with their courage and
  determination to win the American Revolutionary
“Being told is the opposite of
         finding out.”
         Jimmy Britton

                     Language Arts

Reading Workshop
                    Writing Worshop
                    Writer’s Notebook     Sayings
                       Non Fiction      and Phrases
Drawing Inference
Cross-Curricular Connections

    Spoken Arts           Visual Arts
    Sample Lesson Plan 1

Literacy Workshop Unit of
Study School/Grade: 4

   The American Revolution
        Non Fiction
    Sample Lesson Plan 2

Literacy Workshop Unit of
 Study School/Grade: 4

 The American Revolution
      4th Grade Overall Plan
Grade Plan.doc
      Content Specific Plan
• Rip Van Winkle.doc
New York Historical Society

  “American Revolution
      in New York”
    Interactive Student Exhibit
           Spring 2008
American Revolution in New York
We visited the New York Historical Society. It was all about the American
Revolution. I noticed the American flag was different then what we have
now. This flag was the regular flag during the American Revolution. Back
then, there were 13 stars because there were thirteen colonies in the past.
Now we have more stars then they do in the past. We have 50 stars
because we have 50 states instead of colonies. We don’t have 13 colonies
anymore because we have independence from England. We have our
freedom. We finally got our American rights. We won the American
Revolutionary war.

                                                          Eliana Roman
American Revolution in New York
The artifact that I looked at was a gun powder holder and it was also
used as a horn. The gun powder holder was used to hold gun
powder on a big gun. The exhibit was “American Revolution in New
York.” We saw a lot of guns that were used during the 1700’s in the
American Revolution. I think the British used the holder a lot. I
learned that George Washington kept a bunch of slaves and I also
learned that this object was also used as a horn to warn people that
the enemies were coming. Gunpowder is powerful. I also learned
that John Jay lived in New York and wanted to stop slavery. He has
a street called Jay Street in Brooklyn named after him and a college,
too. Even though he wanted to stop slavery, he kept his own slaves
so he could stay rich.
                                                        Measha Pugh
American Revolution in New York
   There were a lot of guns, pistols and knives. Weapons were used a lot
during the American Revolution period. There was a lot of fighting during
the war. Guns were used a lot. There were also canons. The American
Revolution was the war of independence. The American Revolution started
in the 1700’s. The Americans were tired of the British because of their
selfish rules. So that’s why they started the revolution.

  The British made a Stamp Act and they put a tax on tea. That’s why the
Americans got furious. The British had a tea party to celebrate the money
they made. The Americans dsiguised themselves as Indians. Then they
threw 365 bags of sugar and tea overboard for payback. I also learned at
the museum that George Washington had slaves. Evil!!

                                                           George Pope
          The E’s of Inquiry
  Topical Inquiry
• Engages with a disciplinary question
• Explores what is already known and
• Explains interprets the established data
  and articulates connections seen in that
           The E’s of Inquiry
Critical Inquiry
• Elaborates and invents-makes new
  connections, fills gaps by providing new data
  and insights to what is already known
• Extends and applies-extrapolates what has
  been learned and finds applications for what has
  been learned
• Evaluates and adapts-reflects on and uses what
  has learned in new ways and in new situations,
  transferring, adapting and revising
  understandings as this is done

Every lesson, activity or unit must lead to
 visible and significant change in student
thinking, understanding, and behavior, or
         learning has not occurred.

          Jeffrey D. Wilheim
         If I Were a Child During The
              American Revolution
The American Revolutionary War took place in New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts,
Boston and the 13 colonies. During the American Revolution there was a lot of woods,
farms, deer, pigs, hogs, bears and lots of land, trees, rivers and lakes but only a few people.
Most people lived in log cabins. A lot of families lived in one room. Most people lived on
farms. They milked cows. They grew crops like corn and wheat. All the houses had
fireplaces to keep them warm. They needed to get wood. People had outhouses. You had
to go outside to use the bathroom. You also got your water from a well and heated over the
fireplace then put it in a wooden tub to take a bath. Some children went to went to school
and some children went to work. Some children did farm work all day. African-Americans
did not go to school. Most girls did not go to school, they stayed home and helped their

  The war was between the British and the Americans. Some Americans were Native
Americans and some were Dutch and French. There were also many African-Americans.
Crispus Attucks was a famous African-American that fought in the war. The Americans
fought because they wanted independence from England. If I were a child during the
American Revolution I would feel sad because my father would be fighting in the war. I
would probably not see my father for a long time. He could be killed and then I would be
lonely on the farm.

                                       Elymarie Rosario
      If I Were a Child During The
           American Revolution
   The Americans fought in the American Revolution against England for
independence. Another reason Americans fought against England was because
Americans were being taxed without representation. Taxation without representation
meant that the colonies had to pay more for certain thins.

To be a child during the American Revolution meant you would feel awful because if
 your dad was in the American Revolution you could lose him forever. To be a child
 during the American Revolution is painful because you didn’t want anything to
 happen to yourself or your family. Everybody was using guns and sometimes you
 thought you might die.

To be a child during the American Revolution you probably would have some bad
 moments because you never know if your family members are going to come back
 from the war. To be a child is not great because you never know if your friends are
 going to have to go to war.

                                   Kyshawn Mason