IECE_11_Play Therapyee by shuifanglj

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									Play Therapy
 Counseling Designed
 Especially for Children



          Georgia CTAE Resource Network
           Instructional Resources Office
                      July 2009
“What‟s wrong?”

 Merely asking a child what is wrong or
 “Is something bothering you?” is
 ineffective.
 Children are not able to verbalize
 adequately their feelings or verbally
 describe frightening or traumatic
 experiences in their lives until
 approximately age 10.
Communicate feelings
 Toys act as the child‟s words and play
 is the child‟s language.
 Play therapy is to children what
 counseling or psychotherapy is to
 adults.
 Play therapy is the recommended
 approach to help a child when there is
 concern about their behavior, difficulty
 adjusting, or inability to cope.
      Symbolic language
 and self expression can reveal…
What the child has experienced
Reactions to what was experienced
Feelings about what was experienced
What the child wishes, wants, or
needs
The child‟s perception of self
  Relationship and Setting

A play therapist creates an accepting
relationship in which a child feels
completely safe to express himself
through his play – fears, likes,
dislikes, wishes, anger, loneliness,
joy, or feelings of failure.
        There are NO…

Reprimands
Put-downs
Evaluations
Requirements to draw pictures a
certain way
Judgments (about the child or his play
as being good or bad, right or wrong)
         A child learns…
To accept him/herself
He/she is worthwhile
His/her feelings are acceptable
To control the expression of his/her
feelings
To assume responsibility for him/herself
To be creative and resourceful in
confronting problems, self-control, and self-
direction
To make choices and be responsible for
those choices
Rules when relating to children…
          Children…
 Are not miniature     Are capable of positive
 adults                self-direction
 Are people            „s natural language is
 Are unique and        play
 worthy or respect     Have a right to remain
 Are resilient         silent
 Have an inherent      Will take the
 tendency toward       therapeutic experience
 growth and maturity   to where they need to
                       be
                       „s growth cannot be
                       rushed
          Play Therapy Toys
Crayons                    School bus
Paper                      Airplane
Paints                     Medical kit
Scissors                   Toy stove
Tape                       Dishes
Play dough                 Plastic food
Toy soldiers               Zoo animals
Dolls                      Farm animals
Doll house and furniture   Balls
Bottle                     Telephone
Puppets                    Play money
Cars                       Blow-up bop bag
                           Stuffed animals
www.centerforplaytherapy.com

Visit website to read summaries of
play therapy research studies or to
take a virtual tour of a typical play
therapy room in the Center for Play
Therapy at the University of North
Texas.

								
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