HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OPERATIONS STUDY GUIDE (**KEY**)
Part 1: Hazardous Materials Laws, Regulations and Standards
1. The U.S. Dept of Transportation defines a __hazardous material __ as a substance
or material which has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be
capable of posing an unreasonable risk to __health__, __safety__, and
__property_ when transported for commerce, and which has been so designated.
This is also defined in 40 CFR.
2. According to the U.S. Dept of Transportation (DOT) and the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA), a hazardous waste is a waste material which is
__ignitable_, __corrosive__, __reactive__, or ___toxic___ and which poses a
substantial or potential hazard to human health and safety and to the environment
when properly managed.
3. According to DOT and Transport Canada, ___Dangerous___ Goods are defined
as any product, substance, or __organism__ included by its nature or by the
regulation of any of the ___9___ classes listed in the UN/NA classes of hazardous
4. Special waste DOES / DOES NOT (Circle One) meet the specific criteria for
hazardous waste, but still has components which require specific disposal
procedures. TRUE / FALSE: Both the release and the presence of extremely
hazardous substances must be reported to the appropriate authorities when in
quantities above a threshold value. Waste is determined by __use__ and
5. SARA is the ___Superfund__ __Amendments__ and __Reauthorization__ Act
SARA is comprised of three main sections/titles:
Title I – Provisions relating Primarily to Response and Liability.
This section is primarily concerned with the regulation of ___cleanup__
__operations__, __hazardous__ __waste__ _operations__, and hazardous
materials emergency response operations. This title is responsible for
requiring OSHA to promulgate standards for health and safety of workers
involved in these operations as well. It includes the following 5 sections:
i) Cleanup Operations at _Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites__
required by a governmental body.
ii) Corrective actions involving cleanup at __RCRA__ __Sites__
(Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976).
iii) __Voluntary_ __Cleanup at UNCONTROLLED HAZARDOUS
WASTE SITES recognized by a governmental body.
iv) Hazardous waste operations at RCRA __treatment__, storage, and
disposal facilities (TSD).
v) EMERGENCY RESPONSE OPERATIONS for release of, or
substantial threats of release of, hazardous substances without
regard to the __Location__ of the hazard.
Title II – Miscellaneous Provisions.
This section of the Act governs areas such as cleanup of certain
underground tank leaks and DOD restoration programs.
Title III – Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know.
Sites which are initially uncontrolled and are found to contain hazardous
substances creating a threat to persons, the environment or both on either
public or private lands may be declared an __Uncontrolled__
__Hazardous__ __Waste__ __Site__ by a governmental body.
6. The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation
promulgated by OSHA that is a direct result of the requirement placed on the
Dept. of Labor in SARA Title III is defined by CFR _1910_._120_, or
7. An __Emergency__ __Response__ __Plan__ is a WRITTEN emergency response
plan required to handle anticipated emergencies prior to emergency response
operations. It should include:
i) Pre-emergency planning and coordination with outside
parties and agencies
ii) Personnel roles, lines of authority, training, and
iii) Emergency recognition and prevention
iv) Safe distances and places
v) Site security and control
vi) Evacuation routs and procedures
viii) Emergency medical treatment and first aid
ix) Emergency alerting and response procedures
x) PPE and emergency equipment
8. Other components of HAZWOPER are the use of an incident command system
(ICS), personal protective equipment (PPE), SCBA, written PPE plan, __Safety__
Officer, Back-up personnel, buddy system, and first aid. There should also be
limited access, __Decontamination__, and training.
9. Under 29 CFR 1910.120, there are several roles designated by OSHA.
i. First Responder Awareness – persons likely to __witness__ or
__discover__ a hazardous substance release and who have been
trained to initiate an emergency response sequence by notifying the
proper authorities of the release.
ii. First Responder Operations – individuals who respond to releases or
potential releases of hazardous substances as part of the initial
response to the site for the purpose of protecting nearby persons,
property, or the environment from the effects of the release. They are
trained to respond in a DEFENSIVE / OFFENSIVE (Circle One)
fashion WITH / WITHOUT actually trying to stop the release.
iii. Hazardous Materials Technician – individuals who respond to
releases or potential releases for the purpose of __stopping__ the
release. They will approach the point of release in order to plug,
__patch__, or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance.
iv. Hazardous Materials Specialist – persons who respond with and
provide support to hazardous materials technicians. Requiring more
directed or specific knowledge than a __technician__.
v. On Scene Incident Commander – Persons who will assume control
of the incident scene beyond the first responder awareness level.
10. The EPA, in 40 _CFR__ __311__, as directed in SARA, has promulgated a
regulation to provide state and local government workers who are not covered by
an approved OSHA State Plan, with protection identical to that of the OSHA
11. Standards for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials
Incidents are defined in:
a. NFPA 479
c. 29 CFR 1910.120
d. NFPA 471
12. NFPA 473 contains Standards for Competencies for ___EMS___ Personnel
Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents
Part 2: Response Components
1. __Hazard___ __Analysis___ - Any planning must start with an identification of
hazards and likely potential emergency situations which may arise in the area.
2. The ___Planning___ response component includes the following:
a. Local Emergency Response Plans
b. Site Response Plans
d. Coordination – planning is NOT a job for the fire dept alone.
e. All of the above
3. TRUE / FALSE : We do not always need the properly trained individuals to
implement a plan. As long as the plan is followed by someone it will not have
been a paper chase done in vain.
4. Prior to responding to incidents, a set of WRITTEN guidelines known as
__Standard__ __Operating__ __Guidelines__ (SOGs) should be in place to guide
the operations of hazardous materials emergencies. They should contain
information such as:
An Introduction, Pre-Planning and Coordination, Chain of Command
and __Communications___, __training____, __Alerting__ and
__Response__ Procedures, Scene Set-Up Considerations,
__Protective__ action procedures, __Decontamination__ procedures,
EMS, Documentation, and Critique.
5. There are __5__ response elements. These are Isolate, __Identify__, Notify,
6. Response Levels:
a. LEVEL _II__ - An incident which involves a greater hazard than a Level I
or which poses a potential threat to life or property. This incident may
require a limited evacuation of surrounding areas.
b. LEVEL __I_ - An incident which can be controlled by the initial
responding compliment of personnel and apparatus.
c. LEVEL _III_ - An incident which involves a severe hazard or a large
geographical area. This incident poses an extreme risk to life and property
and will most likely require large scale evacuations and/or multi-agency
7. Remediation IS / IS NOT (Circle One) the real of the emergency responders.
Part 3: Health and Safety
(Match the term with the definition)
_e_ The weight of a given volume of solid or liquid a. Vapor Pressure
compared to an equal volume of water. H2O has a
value of 1. b. Boiling Point
_h_ The ability of a material to damage skin tissue
and/or steel or aluminum metal c. Melting or Freezing Point
_f_ The degree to which a material will dissolve in a
solvent. Water solubility would indicate the degree d. Vapor Density
to which the substance will dissolve in water.
_d_ The weight of a given volume of the vapors of a e. Specific Gravity
specific product compared to the same volume of
dry air. Air has a value of 1. f. Solubility
_a_ The pressure exerted on the sides of a container
by the vapor of a product within the container. g. Toxicity
_i_ The high energy waves and particles emitted
from radioactive materials. They can be broken h. Corrosivity
down into Non-ionizing and Ionizing.
_g_ The ability of a material to harm, destroy, i. Radioactivity
poison, kill, or otherwise damage body tissue.
_m_ High energy form of nuclear radiation. Most j. Alpha Radiation
penetrating, but relatively inactive and very rare.
_c_ The temperature at which the liquid form of a k. Beta Radiation
product turns solid or the solid form of the product
turns to a liquid. l. Gamma Radiation
_b_ The temperature at which the vapor pressure of
the material equals the atmospheric pressure. It is m. Neutron Radiation
the point at which vapor turns to a liquid or liquid
turns to a vapor. n. Oxidizing Ability
_l_ High energy form of nuclear radiation. It has
high penetrating power and is the most dangerous o. Instability
common form of ionizing radiation. Highly reactive,
causing great cellular damage. p. Reactivity
_j_ Large, low energy form of nuclear radiation. It q. Endothermic Reactions
has a low penetrating ability and may be stopped by
something as thin as a sheet of paper. Little or no r. Exothermic Reactions
danger as an external source, but poses a great
danger as an internal source due to its extreme s. Forms of Matter
_k_ Small, moderate energy nuclear radiation. It has t. Toxic products of
a fair penetrating power. High energy beta particles combustion
will penetrate bunker clothes. It is moderately
dangerous as either an internal or an external source. u. Exposure
_p_ The ability of a chemical to react with other
chemicals v. Hazard
_s_ Solid, liquid, or gas: Will present different
hazards depending on form. w. Contamination
_v_ The degree of risk associated with an exposure.
_r_ Those reactions which release heat to the
_t_ All products of combustion should be considered
toxic, however products from fires involving
hazardous materials should be treated as
contaminated to a greater degree.
_o_ A term describing the ease in which a chemical
may undergo a rapid, and sometimes violent,
chemical change. Unstable compounds react quickly
with little or no outside energy in given situations
_n_ The ability of a material to act as an oxidizer in
the Fire Triangle or Tetrahedron. Oxygen is the
oxidizer in the Fire Triangle.
_u_ The actual contact with an agent in any physical
_w_ When an agent is physically left on an object or
person. Broken down into Primary and Secondary.
_q_ Those reactions which absorb heat from the
1. There are 4 routs of exposure. They are:
2. Hazardous Materials may cause harm in the following ways:
___Thermal____ - This harm may be in the form of excessive cold or heat; both
can cause permanent tissue damage, induce shock, and/or cause death.
___Mechanical__- This harm is caused by the direct contact with an object, such
as being struck by a falling or flying object.
___Poisonous___- This can harm and kill by inhibiting the body’s normal
biological activities. It can be divided into multiple categories:
__Anesthetics__ - Substances which cause lack of feeling. These may
alter perception, give the appearance of intoxication, and may act as
__Narcotics__ - Substances which cause sleep. These may cause
anesthetic effects and altered consciousness in low doses. Large doses
may cause death or coma.
__Sensitizer__ - A chemical that causes development of an allergic
reaction in normal tissues after repeat exposure.
__Target Organ Poisons__ - Poisons which attack certain tissues or organs
of the body preferentially. These materials may accumulate in organs over
a long period of time.
__Carcinogens__ - Substances which may cause cancer.
__Teratogens__ - Substances which may affect the unborn fetus when the
mother is exposed to the chemical.
__Mutagens__ - Substances which may induce genetic changes
3. LD50 means the __Lethal__ __Dose__ that kills 50% of animal test subjects.
4. LC50 means the __Lethal__ _Concentration__ that kills 50% of the animal test
5. A __Highly__ __Toxic__ substance meets the following criteria:
LD50 < 50mg/kg orally to rats
LD 50 < _200__mg/kg 24hr contact in rabbits
LC50 < 200 ppm 1 hr inhalation in rats
6. Measures of Toxicity:
_TLV_ - TWA - __Threshold__ __Limit__ __Value__ - Time Weighted
Average. This is an average concentration for a normal 8 hr work day and
a 40 hr work week, to which nearly all workers can be repeatedly exposed
without adverse effect.
TLV - __STEL_ - Threshold Limit Value - __Short__ _Term_
_Exposure_ _Limit_ is the concentration to which workers can be exposed
for short periods of time without irritation, chronic or irreversible tissue
damage, or narcosis of sufficient degree to increase likelihood of injury,
impair self-rescue, or reduce work efficiency.
TLV - _C_ - Threshold Limit Value - _Ceiling_ is the concentration which
should never be exceeded during work.
__PEL__ - __Permissible_ _Exposure_ _Limits_ are used by OSHA in its
health standards covering exposures. It is the level to which OSHA will
allow workers to be exposed and is similar in application to TLV-TWA.
__REL__ - _Recommended_ _Exposure_ _Limits_ are recommended
conceptration limits for exposures issued by NIOSH, the National Institute
for Occupational Safety and Health, and are for up to 10 hr workdays and
__IDLH_ - _Immediately__ __Dangerous_ _to_ _Life_ and _health__ is a
concentration limit at which over a 30 min exposure, it will cause death,
delayed permanent damage, or prevent a worker from escaping a given
7. __Corrosives__ - cause a chemical degradation of tissues and metals. Typically
broken down into acids and bases.
8. __Acids__ - destroy the tissue while often generating heat, causing chemical and
thermal burns, irritation, or itching.
9. _pH__ Scale – A number higher than 7 means non-acidic, while a number less
than 7 is acidic. 7 is neutral.
10. __Bases_, __Alkalis_, or _Caustics__ - Destroy tissue while reacting with fatty
tissues in a process known as __saponification__. This is the transformation of
tissue into soap.
11. __Asphyxiants__ - A substance which interferes with the uptake of oxygen by the
body’s respiratory process. These can be simple and chemical.
12. Radiation can be broken down into __Irradiation__ Injuries and
13. __Radiation__ __Exposure__ Effects – these effects may not be seen for days to a
week after the exposure. Symptoms include loss of hair, bleeding from gums,
nausea, vomiting, immune deficiency, bruising, etc.
14. Steps to minimize the chance of radiation exposure are:
__Time__ - injury is directly related to the time exposed.
__Distance__ - injury is inversely proportional to the square of the
__Shielding__ - injury is inversely proportional to the amount of mass
between you and the source.
15. __Immediate__ Health Hazards – hazards which have immediate health
consequences such as those of a mechanical harm.
16. __Delayed__ Health Hazards – hazards which produce harm which is delayed for
a period of time prior to manifestation.
17. __Chronic__ Health Hazards – hazards, such as carcinogens, mutagens, or
teratogens, which have long-term health effects.
18. The factors that effect the level of harm (toxicity) are the following:
b. __Exposure__ _Duration__ - the term or time of exposure.
c. Rout of Exposure
d. _Dose__ Response – the characteristics of a particular chemical.
e. Personal Variables
Part IV: Recognition and Identification
The following questions / incomplete descriptions refer to SMALL containers:
1. __Cone__ __Roof__ Tanks – cylindrical tanks with a skyward pointed conical
roof. Atmospheric pressure and may contain flammable and combustible liquids.
2. _Open__ Floating Roof Tanks – Cylindrical tank with open top. The roof floats
up and down with the product level and it may contain flammable and
3. Geodesic Dome Open Floating Roof Tanks – Open floating roof tank which is
covered to protect the floating roof from the elements and may contain
4. Covered _floating__ __roof_ Tank – looks like a cone roof tank but with large
vent holes around the top of the tank, just below the roof line. The tank has a
floating roof inside and the vents serve to keep the vapor space vented and allow
pressure equalization when the roof rises and falls. It contains __flammable__
and __combustible__ liquids.
5. ___Horizontal__ __Tanks__ - horizontal cylindrical tanks sitting on structural
supports. Integrity of the support is critical. It contains flammable liquids,
combustible liquids, poison liquids, and others.
6. _Dome__ Roof Tanks – Vertical cylindrical tanks supporting a dome roof.
Operating pressures of up to 15psi above atmosphere. It contains flammable and
combustible liquids, fertilizers, solvents, and others.
7. __Underground__ Tanks – horizontal steel, fiberglass, or fiberglass-coated steel
tanks with visible vents and fill points. These primarily contain petroleum
8. __Vertical cryogenic__ Tanks - large holding tanks that look similar to the dome
roofed tank. They are insulated, vacuum jacketed, and can often be identified by
noting the frost on lines, valves, gauges, and the heat exchangers located near the
tank. These contain cryogenic liquids.
9. ___horizontal__ __Pressure__ Tanks – Cylindrical horizontal tanks, typically
looking like large hot dogs. Often have large vent stacks and typically contain
liquefied gaseous petroleum products or commodities such as mercaptans.
10. __Spherical_ _High_ _Pressure_ Tanks – Large, supported ball-shaped tanks.
Operate at high pressures and are typically found in petroleum processing areas.
They contain light weight or low molecular weight petroleum gases.
11. __Cryogenic__ Containers – DEWARS and Cylinders – DEWARS are non-
pressurized, vacuum jacketed, containers. They are often made of glass and
coated with implosion protection. Cylinders are typically large metal, shelled,
insulated, vacuum jacketed, containers. They are often on wheels and roughly the
size of 85 gal drums. They have reliefs and valves. These contain cryo liquids.
12. _Non__ - __Bulk__ Containers – Various bottles, cans and tubs containing small
quantities of commodities. These may contain various products including non-
hazardous materials, flammable solids, oxidizers, corrosives, flammable liquids,
pyrophorics, poisons, etc.
13. __Drums__ - Generally vary in size from 35 gal to 95 gal. Full, they can weigh
over 1000lbs. Constructed of steel, lined ior coated steel, or plastic depending on
intended use. They may contain various liquids and solids of a hazardous and
non-hazardous nature, including flammable solids, oxidizers, corrosives,
flammable liquids, pyrophorics, poisons, etc.
14. Totes – TRUE / FALSE (Circle One) – Totes are constructed of steel or glass and
are contained within a wooden structure. Totes only contain hazardous materials.
The following questions / incomplete descriptions refer to TRANSPORTATION
15. __Box__ Trucks / __Trailers – Standard van or box type trainer or truck. These
are problematic when a small container in a trailer is leaking. Shifting loads may
also be problematic. May contain non-hazardous and hazardous commodities.
16. __Flat Beds__ - Flat trailer or truck with containers strapped or chained onto a
bed. Have tendency to loosen the load integrity during violent accidents. May
contain compressed gas cylinders, totes, and large containers.
17. Match the number with the name and description:
a. MC 306 / DOT 406
b. MC 331
c. MC 312 / DOT 412
d. MC 307 / DOT 407
e. MC 338
__d__ - Low Pressure, not exceeding 40psi at 70° F. Typically a horseshoe shaped
trailer, however the view is from the shall of the carrier. The tank will have round
ends and may have exposed stiffeners. This may contain asphalt, heavy fuel oils,
crude, mild corrosive, class B poisonous materials.
__b__ - Liquefied compressed gas carrier, 100-500psi – Large hot dog shaped trailer
with hemispherical ends. Typically uninsulated, single shell vessels painted white.
Have a bolted manway for service at the rear, and loading/unloading controls are at
the bottom and enclosed for protection. They will have pressure relief devices. They
carry liquefied compressed gas, anhydrous ammonia, chlorine, liquefied petroleum,
__a__ - Atmospheric Pressure – Oval shaped trailer, typically of aluminum. Bottom
unloading piping and controls. Longitudinal rollover protection, internal and external
shut-off valves, breakaway flanges/piping. Vapor recovery and manway at the top of
each compartment likely source of leaks during rollover. Contain gasoline,
flammable liquids, and combustible liquids.
__c__ - Corrozive, up to 75psi – Relatively smaller, round, cigar shaped tank with a
large number of external stiffening rings. Typically rear or mid top loading and
unloading with a splash guard around the area, which also acts as rollover protection.
May contain strong corrosives, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, sodium
__e__ - Cryogenic Carrier, pressures from 25.3 – 500 psi. Tube like trailer with a
rear or center bottom loading / unloading box. Shape may vary due to the fact that
responders are viewing the outer shell. Ends of the trailer are typically flat. Double
shell construction used to keep the cryogenics cold during transport. Contain
cryogenic liquids such as liquid O2, liquid nitrogen, and liquid helium.
17. Tube Trailer:
18. Dry Bulk Trailer:
19. Railway Carrier:
a. Box Cars – General box car constructed of __wood__ or __metal__. May
contain __oxygen__ deficient environments or haz mats.
b. Non-pressure car: up to __100__psi.
20. Pressure car: ABOVE / BELOW (Circle One) 100psi. Rail tank car, top
loading/unloading with all fittings and valving contained within __armored__
housing. Carry mostly poison gas, flammable and non-flammable gases, but also
21. Cryogenic Car: Rail tank car heavily insulated for cryogenic products. Carry
__carbon dioxide__ and __argon__.
22. Dry Bulk Car / Pneumatically operated covered hopper: LARGE / SMALL
(Circle One) cars designed to haul dry bulk materials. Typically __V__ shaped
bottoms with exit shoots or valves on the bottom. Carry oxidizers, poison solids,
ammonium nitrate, and __fertilizer__ is often shipped in this type.
23. Intermodals: Vehicles designed to be transported in __2__ or more modes of
24. COFC stands for:
a. Container On Funny Car
b. Captain On Fishing Cruiser
c. Carrier Of Corrosive Capsules
d. Container On Flat Car
25. The B-end of a rail car is the __Brake__ end. It looks like a steering wheel. The
other end of the car is the __A__ - end.
26. TRUE / FALSE: Rail car markings and numbers are unique to the specific rail
27. The rail car markings are found on the LEFT / RIGHT (Circle One) side of the
28. Volume markings are found on the SIDES / ENDS (Circle One) of the rail car.
The maximum volume is __34500__ gallons on haz mat cars.
29. TRUE / FALSE: The NFPA 704 Marking System is used on fixed facilities to
indicate the highest level of hazard in the building.
30. Write which color corresponds to what hazard:
a. YELLOW DIAMOND: __Self-Reactivity__ Hazard
b. BLUE DIAMOND: __Health__ Hazard
c. RED DIAMOND: __Fire__ Hazard
d. WHITE DIAMOND: __Special__ Hazard
31. Write in the location for each color of hazard class in the diagram below:
32. Write the number that corresponds to the severity of hazard with the description:
a. __4__ - Very flammable gases or very volatile flammable liquids.
b. __2__ - Materials that must be moderately heated before ignition will
c. __3__ - Materials that can be ignited under almost all normal
d. __0__ - Materials that will not burn
e. __1__ - Materials that must be preheated before ignition can occur.
Water may cause frothering if it gets below the surface of the liquid
and turns to steam.
a. __1__ - Materials that are only slightly hazardous to health
b. __3__ - Materials that are extremely hazardous to health, but fire
areas may be entered with extreme care. No skin should be
c. __0__ - Materials that on exposure under fire condistions would
offer no health hazard beyond combustible material.
d. __2__ - Materials that are hazardous to health, but fire areas may
be entered freely with self-contained breathing apparatus
e. __4__ - Materials that are too dangerous to health for firefighters
to be exposed. Normal protection is not sufficient.
a. __3__ - Materials that when heated and under fire confinement are
capable of detonation or explosive decomposition and may react
violently with water.
b. __0__ - Materials that are normally stable and therefore do not present
any reactivity hazard to firefighters.
c. __1__ - Materials that are normally stable but may become unstable in
combination with other materials or at elevated temperatures or
d. __4__ - Materials that are readily capable of detonation or explosive
decomposition at normal temperatures and pressures.
e. __2__ - Materials that will undergo a violent chemical change at
elevated temp and pressure but do not detonate.
W This indicates that a material may have a hazardous reaction with
OX This indicates an __oxidizer__.
HMIS stands for __Hazardous__ __Materials__ __Information__
33. Under the HMIS system, the classes mean the following:
a. Class 1: __Mass__ __Detonation__ __Hazard__ - Inidcated by an
orange stop sign with the number “1” in the center.
b. Class 2: __Explosion__ __With__ __Fragmentation__ __Hazard__ -
indicated by an orange “X” with the number “2” in the center.
c. Class 3: __Mass__ __Fire__ __Hazard__ - Indicated by an orange
inverted triangle with the number “3” in the center.
d. Class 4: __Moderate__ __Fire__ __Hazard__ - Indicated by an orange
diamond with the number “4” in the center.
For special hazards:
__Chemical__ __Hazard__ is indicated by a person dressed in chemically
__Apply__ __no__ __water__ is indicated by a water bucket with a slash through
__Wear__ __Breathing__ __Apparatus__ is indicated by a face wearing a
respirator face piece.
34. Pipeline markers:
1. Marker Location – can be found where the pipeline crosses under a
__Rail__ __Line__, crosses a public __road__, is spaced along the
pipeline, or crosses a waterway.
2. Marker Contents – the marker will contain the word “__Warning__,”
product information, the name of the carrier, and emergency contact
35. TRUE / FALSE: Labels are used on small packages, affixed on only one side,
and indicate primary hazards.
36. TRUE / FALSE: Placards are located on bulk packages and vehicles, indicate
primary hazards, are NOT required for radioactive materials, and must be
placarded at over 1001 lbs.
37. The three basic configurations of placards are:
3. __UN__ / __NA__ Number
38. TRUE / FALSE: Wordless placards are allowed under 49 CFR 172.519
UN Placard Classifications:
Match the classification number with the placard:
1. __c__ Flammable
2. __b__ Spontaneously Combustible
3. __k__ Flammable Solid
4. __m__ Flammable Gas
5. __e__ Radioactive
6. __g__ Corrosive
7. __a__ Poison
8. __h__ Biohazard
9. __j__ Dangerous When Wet
10. __l__ Combustible Liquid
11. __p__ Explosives
12. __q__ Explosives
13. __r__ Explosive: Blasting Agents
14. __n__ Chlorine
15. __d__ Miscellaneous
16. __o__ Flammable Liquid
17. __f__ Compressed Gas – Non-flammable
18. __i__ Organic Peroxides
a. b. c. d. e. f.
g. h. i. j. k. l.
m. n. o. p. q.
39. T / F: Highway vehicles carry the BILL OF LADING in cab of the truck,
within arms reach of the driver.
40. T / F: In aircraft, the AIRBILL within arms reach of the pilot.
41. T / F: On the water, the DANGEROUS CARGO MANIFEST is kept with
the deck hand in his cabin.
42. T / F: Trains carry the WAYBILL and CONSIST in the caboose.
43. The MSDS may be obtained from any of the following EXCEPT:
d. Phone Book
44. MSDS Sheets contain all the following information EXCEPT:
a. Chemical Formula
b. Where to Buy
c. Physical Properties
d. Health Hazards
45. The phone number for CHEMTREC is:
46. The phone number for INFOTRAC is:
PART V: PPE
1. Which levels (1-4) of Thermal PPE correspond to the description?
__3__ - Entry Suits - Resemble proximity suits but are built to allow for short
duration flame contact.
__1__ - Structural Gear - NFPA 1500 approved gear for fire fighting in structures.
This includes boots, gloves, protective hood, helmet, bunker pants and coat, etc.
__4__ - Flash Protective CPC - There is some chemically protective clothing
which is now affording responders with limited flash protection as well as chem.
__2__ - Proximity Suits - Designed for use in areas with flammable and
combustible liquids. They have an aluminized appearance.
3. __Mechanical__ Protection – designed to protect the worker from
mechanical harms such as bumps, scrapes, cuts, etc.
4. __Respiratory__ Protection – Designed to protect the user from the effects
of toxic or adverse atmospheres. Respiratory protection may provide
chemical, thermal, and mechanical protection simultaneously.
5. __Chemical__ Protection – designed to protect the user from the effects of
6. What is a SAR? ____Positive Pressure Supplied Air
7. What is an APR? _____Air Purifying
8. NFPA 19__93__ - describes design and performance standards, test
methods, and documentation requirements for Support Function Protective
9. NFPA 19__92__ - describes design and performance standards, test
methods, and documentation requirements for Liquid Splash Protective
10. NFPA 19__91__ - describes design and performance standards, test
methods, and documentation requirements for Vapor Protective Suits.
11. The highest form of respiratory, skin, eye, and mucus membrane
a. Level D
b. Level A
c. Level 1
d. Level 4
12. This level of protection is used when in a known environment where
requirements for APR have been met and exposure to skin and eyes is
a. Level 1
b. Level 2
c. Level 3
d. Level C
13. The MINIMUM required level of protection for initial entry into
uncharacterized sites is:
a. Level B
b. Level 4
c. Level 2
d. Level C
14. TRUE / FALSE: Level D protective clothing is primarily a work uniform
and has little protective qualities.
15. Elastomers – materials with __plastic__-like characteristics.
16. Chemical resistance of protective clothing is based on three criteria. They
__Penetration__ - This is the movement of a chemical through openings in the
__Degradation__ - This is the physical decomposition of the material.
__Permeation__ - This is the movement of the chemical through the material at
the molecular level. It occurs at a particular rate.
17. The limitations of PPE use are all of the following EXCEPT (circle 2):
a. Cardiovascular Fitness
c. Thermal Stress
d. Cold Stress
f. Poor Attitude
18. Safety precautions for use of PPE include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. Safe Work Practices
b. Back-up Personnel
c. Ensuring that all gear is new and unused
d. Using the Buddy System
19. At an incident, there are four general activities. These are:
A. Analyzing the Problem
1. Gathering Information
b. __Initial Information Gathering__
c. Site Concerns
2. Predicting the Course of Events
a. Identify the Type of Stress Causing the Problem
b. Predict / Identify the type of release (Detonation, Violent Rupture,
Rapid Relief, Spill)
c. Predict / Identify the Type of Breach (Disintegration, Cracking,
d. Predict / Identify the Dispersion Pattern (Plume, Cone, Stream,
e. Identify the Length of __Exposure__
i. Short term – Min to Hours
ii. Medium Term - __Days__ to __Weeks__
iii. Long Term – Months to Years
f. Identify the Hazard
B. Plan the Response
1. Harm to Life, Property, Environment, or Finances
2. TAPES and Time:
Time – actions take time.
C. Implementing the Response
D. Evaluation of the Response Progress
PART VI: Defensive Control Options
1. A liquid penetrating the interior of a solid is termed ABSORPTION /
ADSORPTION (Circle One), while a liquid interacting with the surface of a
solid which holds the material due to an interaction at the molecular level is
ABSORPTION / ADSORPTION
2. What are the 4 basic ways foam works:
c. __Suppresses Vapors__
3. AFFF - __Aqueous Film Forming Foams__ - synthetic material foams. Used
for __3__% Hydrocarbons and __6__% Commodities
4. ATC - __Alcohol Type Concentrate__
PART VII: Control Zones and Decontamination
1. TRUE / FALSE: Decontamination is conducted to protect responders, protect
victims, and limit the spread of contamination.
PART VIII: Incident Command System / Incident Management System
1. The five command functions are:
a. Command and Staff
2. Major elements of the ICS are:
3. The Response Sequence:
PART IX: Termination
1. TRUE / FALSE: Termination consists of debriefing, post-incident analysis,
2. OSHA __29__ CFR 1910.120
- Requires a critique to be done after each incident
- Total time for critique is limited to 60 to 90 minutes