Docstoc

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OPERATIONS STUDY GUIDE

Document Sample
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OPERATIONS STUDY GUIDE Powered By Docstoc
					HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OPERATIONS STUDY GUIDE (**KEY**)

Part 1: Hazardous Materials Laws, Regulations and Standards

   1. The U.S. Dept of Transportation defines a __hazardous material __ as a substance
      or material which has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be
      capable of posing an unreasonable risk to __health__, __safety__, and
      __property_ when transported for commerce, and which has been so designated.
      This is also defined in 40 CFR.

   2. According to the U.S. Dept of Transportation (DOT) and the Environmental
      Protection Agency (EPA), a hazardous waste is a waste material which is
      __ignitable_, __corrosive__, __reactive__, or ___toxic___ and which poses a
      substantial or potential hazard to human health and safety and to the environment
      when properly managed.
   3. According to DOT and Transport Canada, ___Dangerous___ Goods are defined
      as any product, substance, or __organism__ included by its nature or by the
      regulation of any of the ___9___ classes listed in the UN/NA classes of hazardous
      materials.
   4. Special waste DOES / DOES NOT (Circle One) meet the specific criteria for
      hazardous waste, but still has components which require specific disposal
      procedures. TRUE / FALSE: Both the release and the presence of extremely
      hazardous substances must be reported to the appropriate authorities when in
      quantities above a threshold value. Waste is determined by __use__ and
      __intent__.
   5. SARA is the ___Superfund__ __Amendments__ and __Reauthorization__ Act
      of __1986__.
      SARA is comprised of three main sections/titles:
      Title I – Provisions relating Primarily to Response and Liability.
               This section is primarily concerned with the regulation of ___cleanup__
               __operations__, __hazardous__ __waste__ _operations__, and hazardous
               materials emergency response operations. This title is responsible for
               requiring OSHA to promulgate standards for health and safety of workers
               involved in these operations as well. It includes the following 5 sections:
               i)      Cleanup Operations at _Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites__
                       required by a governmental body.
               ii)     Corrective actions involving cleanup at __RCRA__ __Sites__
                       (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976).
               iii)    __Voluntary_ __Cleanup at UNCONTROLLED HAZARDOUS
                       WASTE SITES recognized by a governmental body.
               iv)     Hazardous waste operations at RCRA __treatment__, storage, and
                       disposal facilities (TSD).
               v)      EMERGENCY RESPONSE OPERATIONS for release of, or
                       substantial threats of release of, hazardous substances without
                       regard to the __Location__ of the hazard.
   Title II – Miscellaneous Provisions.
            This section of the Act governs areas such as cleanup of certain
            underground tank leaks and DOD restoration programs.
   Title III – Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know.
            Sites which are initially uncontrolled and are found to contain hazardous
            substances creating a threat to persons, the environment or both on either
            public or private lands may be declared an __Uncontrolled__
            __Hazardous__ __Waste__ __Site__ by a governmental body.

6. The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation
   promulgated by OSHA that is a direct result of the requirement placed on the
   Dept. of Labor in SARA Title III is defined by CFR _1910_._120_, or
   “_HAZWOPER_.”
7. An __Emergency__ __Response__ __Plan__ is a WRITTEN emergency response
   plan required to handle anticipated emergencies prior to emergency response
   operations. It should include:
                i)      Pre-emergency planning and coordination with outside
                        parties and agencies
                ii)     Personnel roles, lines of authority, training, and
                        communication
                iii)    Emergency recognition and prevention
                iv)     Safe distances and places
                v)      Site security and control
                vi)     Evacuation routs and procedures
                vii)    Decontamination
                viii) Emergency medical treatment and first aid
                ix)     Emergency alerting and response procedures
                x)      PPE and emergency equipment
8. Other components of HAZWOPER are the use of an incident command system
   (ICS), personal protective equipment (PPE), SCBA, written PPE plan, __Safety__
   Officer, Back-up personnel, buddy system, and first aid. There should also be
   limited access, __Decontamination__, and training.
9. Under 29 CFR 1910.120, there are several roles designated by OSHA.
       i.     First Responder Awareness – persons likely to __witness__ or
              __discover__ a hazardous substance release and who have been
              trained to initiate an emergency response sequence by notifying the
              proper authorities of the release.
       ii.    First Responder Operations – individuals who respond to releases or
              potential releases of hazardous substances as part of the initial
              response to the site for the purpose of protecting nearby persons,
              property, or the environment from the effects of the release. They are
              trained to respond in a DEFENSIVE / OFFENSIVE (Circle One)
              fashion WITH / WITHOUT actually trying to stop the release.
       iii.   Hazardous Materials Technician – individuals who respond to
              releases or potential releases for the purpose of __stopping__ the
                   release. They will approach the point of release in order to plug,
                   __patch__, or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance.
           iv.     Hazardous Materials Specialist – persons who respond with and
                   provide support to hazardous materials technicians. Requiring more
                   directed or specific knowledge than a __technician__.
           v.      On Scene Incident Commander – Persons who will assume control
                   of the incident scene beyond the first responder awareness level.
   10. The EPA, in 40 _CFR__ __311__, as directed in SARA, has promulgated a
       regulation to provide state and local government workers who are not covered by
       an approved OSHA State Plan, with protection identical to that of the OSHA
       regulation.
   11. Standards for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials
       Incidents are defined in:
           a. NFPA 479
           b. SARA
           c. 29 CFR 1910.120
           d. NFPA 471
   12. NFPA 473 contains Standards for Competencies for ___EMS___ Personnel
       Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents

Part 2: Response Components

   1. __Hazard___ __Analysis___ - Any planning must start with an identification of
      hazards and likely potential emergency situations which may arise in the area.
   2. The ___Planning___ response component includes the following:
          a. Local Emergency Response Plans
          b. Site Response Plans
          c. Pre-Plans
          d. Coordination – planning is NOT a job for the fire dept alone.
          e. All of the above
   3. TRUE / FALSE : We do not always need the properly trained individuals to
      implement a plan. As long as the plan is followed by someone it will not have
      been a paper chase done in vain.
   4. Prior to responding to incidents, a set of WRITTEN guidelines known as
      __Standard__ __Operating__ __Guidelines__ (SOGs) should be in place to guide
      the operations of hazardous materials emergencies. They should contain
      information such as:
              An Introduction, Pre-Planning and Coordination, Chain of Command
              and __Communications___, __training____, __Alerting__ and
              __Response__ Procedures, Scene Set-Up Considerations,
              __Protective__ action procedures, __Decontamination__ procedures,
              EMS, Documentation, and Critique.
   5. There are __5__ response elements. These are Isolate, __Identify__, Notify,
      Mitigate, __Terminate__.
   6. Response Levels:
         a. LEVEL _II__ - An incident which involves a greater hazard than a Level I
            or which poses a potential threat to life or property. This incident may
            require a limited evacuation of surrounding areas.
         b. LEVEL __I_ - An incident which can be controlled by the initial
            responding compliment of personnel and apparatus.
         c. LEVEL _III_ - An incident which involves a severe hazard or a large
            geographical area. This incident poses an extreme risk to life and property
            and will most likely require large scale evacuations and/or multi-agency
            response.
   7. Remediation IS / IS NOT (Circle One) the real of the emergency responders.

Part 3: Health and Safety
        Terminology:
(Match the term with the definition)
 _e_ The weight of a given volume of solid or liquid       a. Vapor Pressure
 compared to an equal volume of water. H2O has a
 value of 1.                                               b. Boiling Point
 _h_ The ability of a material to damage skin tissue
 and/or steel or aluminum metal                            c. Melting or Freezing Point
 _f_ The degree to which a material will dissolve in a
 solvent. Water solubility would indicate the degree       d. Vapor Density
 to which the substance will dissolve in water.
 _d_ The weight of a given volume of the vapors of a       e. Specific Gravity
 specific product compared to the same volume of
 dry air. Air has a value of 1.                            f. Solubility
 _a_ The pressure exerted on the sides of a container
 by the vapor of a product within the container.           g. Toxicity
 _i_ The high energy waves and particles emitted
 from radioactive materials. They can be broken            h. Corrosivity
 down into Non-ionizing and Ionizing.
 _g_ The ability of a material to harm, destroy,           i. Radioactivity
 poison, kill, or otherwise damage body tissue.
 _m_ High energy form of nuclear radiation. Most           j. Alpha Radiation
 penetrating, but relatively inactive and very rare.
 _c_ The temperature at which the liquid form of a         k. Beta Radiation
 product turns solid or the solid form of the product
 turns to a liquid.                                        l. Gamma Radiation
 _b_ The temperature at which the vapor pressure of
 the material equals the atmospheric pressure. It is       m. Neutron Radiation
 the point at which vapor turns to a liquid or liquid
 turns to a vapor.                                         n. Oxidizing Ability
 _l_ High energy form of nuclear radiation. It has
 high penetrating power and is the most dangerous          o. Instability
 common form of ionizing radiation. Highly reactive,
 causing great cellular damage.                            p. Reactivity
_j_ Large, low energy form of nuclear radiation. It        q. Endothermic Reactions
has a low penetrating ability and may be stopped by
something as thin as a sheet of paper. Little or no        r. Exothermic Reactions
danger as an external source, but poses a great
danger as an internal source due to its extreme            s. Forms of Matter
activity.
_k_ Small, moderate energy nuclear radiation. It has       t. Toxic products of
a fair penetrating power. High energy beta particles       combustion
will penetrate bunker clothes. It is moderately
dangerous as either an internal or an external source.     u. Exposure
_p_ The ability of a chemical to react with other
chemicals                                                  v. Hazard
_s_ Solid, liquid, or gas: Will present different
hazards depending on form.                                 w. Contamination
_v_ The degree of risk associated with an exposure.
_r_ Those reactions which release heat to the
surroundings.
_t_ All products of combustion should be considered
toxic, however products from fires involving
hazardous materials should be treated as
contaminated to a greater degree.
_o_ A term describing the ease in which a chemical
may undergo a rapid, and sometimes violent,
chemical change. Unstable compounds react quickly
with little or no outside energy in given situations
_n_ The ability of a material to act as an oxidizer in
the Fire Triangle or Tetrahedron. Oxygen is the
oxidizer in the Fire Triangle.
_u_ The actual contact with an agent in any physical
form.
_w_ When an agent is physically left on an object or
person. Broken down into Primary and Secondary.
_q_ Those reactions which absorb heat from the
surroundings.

  1. There are 4 routs of exposure. They are:
     I. __Contact__
     II. __Absorption__
     III. __Inhalation__
     IV. __Ingestion__
  2. Hazardous Materials may cause harm in the following ways:
     ___Thermal____ - This harm may be in the form of excessive cold or heat; both
     can cause permanent tissue damage, induce shock, and/or cause death.
     ___Mechanical__- This harm is caused by the direct contact with an object, such
     as being struck by a falling or flying object.
     ___Poisonous___- This can harm and kill by inhibiting the body’s normal
     biological activities. It can be divided into multiple categories:
            __Anesthetics__ - Substances which cause lack of feeling. These may
            alter perception, give the appearance of intoxication, and may act as
            narcotics.
            __Narcotics__ - Substances which cause sleep. These may cause
            anesthetic effects and altered consciousness in low doses. Large doses
            may cause death or coma.
            __Sensitizer__ - A chemical that causes development of an allergic
            reaction in normal tissues after repeat exposure.
            __Target Organ Poisons__ - Poisons which attack certain tissues or organs
            of the body preferentially. These materials may accumulate in organs over
            a long period of time.
            __Carcinogens__ - Substances which may cause cancer.
            __Teratogens__ - Substances which may affect the unborn fetus when the
            mother is exposed to the chemical.
            __Mutagens__ - Substances which may induce genetic changes
3.   LD50 means the __Lethal__ __Dose__ that kills 50% of animal test subjects.
4.   LC50 means the __Lethal__ _Concentration__ that kills 50% of the animal test
     subjects.
5.   A __Highly__ __Toxic__ substance meets the following criteria:
            LD50 < 50mg/kg orally to rats
            LD 50 < _200__mg/kg 24hr contact in rabbits
            LC50 < 200 ppm 1 hr inhalation in rats
6.   Measures of Toxicity:
            _TLV_ - TWA - __Threshold__ __Limit__ __Value__ - Time Weighted
            Average. This is an average concentration for a normal 8 hr work day and
            a 40 hr work week, to which nearly all workers can be repeatedly exposed
            without adverse effect.
            TLV - __STEL_ - Threshold Limit Value - __Short__ _Term_
            _Exposure_ _Limit_ is the concentration to which workers can be exposed
            for short periods of time without irritation, chronic or irreversible tissue
            damage, or narcosis of sufficient degree to increase likelihood of injury,
            impair self-rescue, or reduce work efficiency.
            TLV - _C_ - Threshold Limit Value - _Ceiling_ is the concentration which
            should never be exceeded during work.
            __PEL__ - __Permissible_ _Exposure_ _Limits_ are used by OSHA in its
            health standards covering exposures. It is the level to which OSHA will
            allow workers to be exposed and is similar in application to TLV-TWA.
            __REL__ - _Recommended_ _Exposure_ _Limits_ are recommended
            conceptration limits for exposures issued by NIOSH, the National Institute
            for Occupational Safety and Health, and are for up to 10 hr workdays and
            40hr workweeks.
            __IDLH_ - _Immediately__ __Dangerous_ _to_ _Life_ and _health__ is a
            concentration limit at which over a 30 min exposure, it will cause death,
               delayed permanent damage, or prevent a worker from escaping a given
               contaminated environment.
   7. __Corrosives__ - cause a chemical degradation of tissues and metals. Typically
       broken down into acids and bases.
   8. __Acids__ - destroy the tissue while often generating heat, causing chemical and
       thermal burns, irritation, or itching.
   9. _pH__ Scale – A number higher than 7 means non-acidic, while a number less
       than 7 is acidic. 7 is neutral.
   10. __Bases_, __Alkalis_, or _Caustics__ - Destroy tissue while reacting with fatty
       tissues in a process known as __saponification__. This is the transformation of
       tissue into soap.
   11. __Asphyxiants__ - A substance which interferes with the uptake of oxygen by the
       body’s respiratory process. These can be simple and chemical.
   12. Radiation can be broken down into __Irradiation__ Injuries and
       __Contamination__ Injuries.
   13. __Radiation__ __Exposure__ Effects – these effects may not be seen for days to a
       week after the exposure. Symptoms include loss of hair, bleeding from gums,
       nausea, vomiting, immune deficiency, bruising, etc.
   14. Steps to minimize the chance of radiation exposure are:
               __Time__ - injury is directly related to the time exposed.
               __Distance__ - injury is inversely proportional to the square of the
               distance.
               __Shielding__ - injury is inversely proportional to the amount of mass
               between you and the source.
   15. __Immediate__ Health Hazards – hazards which have immediate health
       consequences such as those of a mechanical harm.
   16. __Delayed__ Health Hazards – hazards which produce harm which is delayed for
       a period of time prior to manifestation.
   17. __Chronic__ Health Hazards – hazards, such as carcinogens, mutagens, or
       teratogens, which have long-term health effects.
   18. The factors that effect the level of harm (toxicity) are the following:
           a. Concentration
           b. __Exposure__ _Duration__ - the term or time of exposure.
           c. Rout of Exposure
           d. _Dose__ Response – the characteristics of a particular chemical.
           e. Personal Variables

Part IV: Recognition and Identification
       The following questions / incomplete descriptions refer to SMALL containers:

   1. __Cone__ __Roof__ Tanks – cylindrical tanks with a skyward pointed conical
      roof. Atmospheric pressure and may contain flammable and combustible liquids.
   2. _Open__ Floating Roof Tanks – Cylindrical tank with open top. The roof floats
      up and down with the product level and it may contain flammable and
      combustible liquids.
3. Geodesic Dome Open Floating Roof Tanks – Open floating roof tank which is
    covered to protect the floating roof from the elements and may contain
    _flammable__ ___liquids__.
4. Covered _floating__ __roof_ Tank – looks like a cone roof tank but with large
    vent holes around the top of the tank, just below the roof line. The tank has a
    floating roof inside and the vents serve to keep the vapor space vented and allow
    pressure equalization when the roof rises and falls. It contains __flammable__
    and __combustible__ liquids.
5. ___Horizontal__ __Tanks__ - horizontal cylindrical tanks sitting on structural
    supports. Integrity of the support is critical. It contains flammable liquids,
    combustible liquids, poison liquids, and others.
6. _Dome__ Roof Tanks – Vertical cylindrical tanks supporting a dome roof.
    Operating pressures of up to 15psi above atmosphere. It contains flammable and
    combustible liquids, fertilizers, solvents, and others.
7. __Underground__ Tanks – horizontal steel, fiberglass, or fiberglass-coated steel
    tanks with visible vents and fill points. These primarily contain petroleum
    products.
8. __Vertical cryogenic__ Tanks - large holding tanks that look similar to the dome
    roofed tank. They are insulated, vacuum jacketed, and can often be identified by
    noting the frost on lines, valves, gauges, and the heat exchangers located near the
    tank. These contain cryogenic liquids.
9. ___horizontal__ __Pressure__ Tanks – Cylindrical horizontal tanks, typically
    looking like large hot dogs. Often have large vent stacks and typically contain
    liquefied gaseous petroleum products or commodities such as mercaptans.
10. __Spherical_ _High_ _Pressure_ Tanks – Large, supported ball-shaped tanks.
    Operate at high pressures and are typically found in petroleum processing areas.
    They contain light weight or low molecular weight petroleum gases.
11. __Cryogenic__ Containers – DEWARS and Cylinders – DEWARS are non-
    pressurized, vacuum jacketed, containers. They are often made of glass and
    coated with implosion protection. Cylinders are typically large metal, shelled,
    insulated, vacuum jacketed, containers. They are often on wheels and roughly the
    size of 85 gal drums. They have reliefs and valves. These contain cryo liquids.
12. _Non__ - __Bulk__ Containers – Various bottles, cans and tubs containing small
    quantities of commodities. These may contain various products including non-
    hazardous materials, flammable solids, oxidizers, corrosives, flammable liquids,
    pyrophorics, poisons, etc.
13. __Drums__ - Generally vary in size from 35 gal to 95 gal. Full, they can weigh
    over 1000lbs. Constructed of steel, lined ior coated steel, or plastic depending on
    intended use. They may contain various liquids and solids of a hazardous and
    non-hazardous nature, including flammable solids, oxidizers, corrosives,
    flammable liquids, pyrophorics, poisons, etc.
14. Totes – TRUE / FALSE (Circle One) – Totes are constructed of steel or glass and
    are contained within a wooden structure. Totes only contain hazardous materials.

The following questions / incomplete descriptions refer to TRANSPORTATION
CONTAINERS:
15. __Box__ Trucks / __Trailers – Standard van or box type trainer or truck. These
    are problematic when a small container in a trailer is leaking. Shifting loads may
    also be problematic. May contain non-hazardous and hazardous commodities.
16. __Flat Beds__ - Flat trailer or truck with containers strapped or chained onto a
    bed. Have tendency to loosen the load integrity during violent accidents. May
    contain compressed gas cylinders, totes, and large containers.

17. Match the number with the name and description:
            a. MC 306 / DOT 406
            b. MC 331
            c. MC 312 / DOT 412
            d. MC 307 / DOT 407
            e. MC 338
__d__ - Low Pressure, not exceeding 40psi at 70° F. Typically a horseshoe shaped
trailer, however the view is from the shall of the carrier. The tank will have round
ends and may have exposed stiffeners. This may contain asphalt, heavy fuel oils,
crude, mild corrosive, class B poisonous materials.
__b__ - Liquefied compressed gas carrier, 100-500psi – Large hot dog shaped trailer
with hemispherical ends. Typically uninsulated, single shell vessels painted white.
Have a bolted manway for service at the rear, and loading/unloading controls are at
the bottom and enclosed for protection. They will have pressure relief devices. They
carry liquefied compressed gas, anhydrous ammonia, chlorine, liquefied petroleum,
propane, etc.
__a__ - Atmospheric Pressure – Oval shaped trailer, typically of aluminum. Bottom
unloading piping and controls. Longitudinal rollover protection, internal and external
shut-off valves, breakaway flanges/piping. Vapor recovery and manway at the top of
each compartment likely source of leaks during rollover. Contain gasoline,
flammable liquids, and combustible liquids.
__c__ - Corrozive, up to 75psi – Relatively smaller, round, cigar shaped tank with a
large number of external stiffening rings. Typically rear or mid top loading and
unloading with a splash guard around the area, which also acts as rollover protection.
May contain strong corrosives, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, sodium
hydroxide solutions.
__e__ - Cryogenic Carrier, pressures from 25.3 – 500 psi. Tube like trailer with a
rear or center bottom loading / unloading box. Shape may vary due to the fact that
responders are viewing the outer shell. Ends of the trailer are typically flat. Double
shell construction used to keep the cryogenics cold during transport. Contain
cryogenic liquids such as liquid O2, liquid nitrogen, and liquid helium.

17. Tube Trailer:
    Description
    ________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________
    Products
    ________________________________________________________________
18. Dry Bulk Trailer:
    Description
    __________________________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________________________
    Products
    __________________________________________________________________

19. Railway Carrier:
        a. Box Cars – General box car constructed of __wood__ or __metal__. May
            contain __oxygen__ deficient environments or haz mats.
        b. Non-pressure car: up to __100__psi.
20. Pressure car: ABOVE / BELOW (Circle One) 100psi. Rail tank car, top
    loading/unloading with all fittings and valving contained within __armored__
    housing. Carry mostly poison gas, flammable and non-flammable gases, but also
    explosives.
21. Cryogenic Car: Rail tank car heavily insulated for cryogenic products. Carry
    __carbon dioxide__ and __argon__.
22. Dry Bulk Car / Pneumatically operated covered hopper: LARGE / SMALL
    (Circle One) cars designed to haul dry bulk materials. Typically __V__ shaped
    bottoms with exit shoots or valves on the bottom. Carry oxidizers, poison solids,
    ammonium nitrate, and __fertilizer__ is often shipped in this type.
23. Intermodals: Vehicles designed to be transported in __2__ or more modes of
    transportation.
24. COFC stands for:
            a. Container On Funny Car
            b. Captain On Fishing Cruiser
            c. Carrier Of Corrosive Capsules
            d. Container On Flat Car

25. The B-end of a rail car is the __Brake__ end. It looks like a steering wheel. The
    other end of the car is the __A__ - end.
26. TRUE / FALSE: Rail car markings and numbers are unique to the specific rail
    car.
27. The rail car markings are found on the LEFT / RIGHT (Circle One) side of the
    car.
28. Volume markings are found on the SIDES / ENDS (Circle One) of the rail car.
    The maximum volume is __34500__ gallons on haz mat cars.
29. TRUE / FALSE: The NFPA 704 Marking System is used on fixed facilities to
    indicate the highest level of hazard in the building.
30. Write which color corresponds to what hazard:
            a. YELLOW DIAMOND: __Self-Reactivity__ Hazard
            b. BLUE DIAMOND: __Health__ Hazard
            c. RED DIAMOND: __Fire__ Hazard
            d. WHITE DIAMOND: __Special__ Hazard
31. Write in the location for each color of hazard class in the diagram below:




32. Write the number that corresponds to the severity of hazard with the description:
    RED:
           a. __4__ - Very flammable gases or very volatile flammable liquids.
           b. __2__ - Materials that must be moderately heated before ignition will
               occur.
           c. __3__ - Materials that can be ignited under almost all normal
               temperature conditions.
           d. __0__ - Materials that will not burn
           e. __1__ - Materials that must be preheated before ignition can occur.
               Water may cause frothering if it gets below the surface of the liquid
               and turns to steam.
    BLUE:
               a. __1__ - Materials that are only slightly hazardous to health
               b. __3__ - Materials that are extremely hazardous to health, but fire
                   areas may be entered with extreme care. No skin should be
                   exposed.
               c. __0__ - Materials that on exposure under fire condistions would
                   offer no health hazard beyond combustible material.
               d. __2__ - Materials that are hazardous to health, but fire areas may
                   be entered freely with self-contained breathing apparatus
               e. __4__ - Materials that are too dangerous to health for firefighters
                   to be exposed. Normal protection is not sufficient.
    YELLOW:
           a. __3__ - Materials that when heated and under fire confinement are
               capable of detonation or explosive decomposition and may react
               violently with water.
           b. __0__ - Materials that are normally stable and therefore do not present
               any reactivity hazard to firefighters.
           c. __1__ - Materials that are normally stable but may become unstable in
               combination with other materials or at elevated temperatures or
               pressures.
           d. __4__ - Materials that are readily capable of detonation or explosive
               decomposition at normal temperatures and pressures.
           e. __2__ - Materials that will undergo a violent chemical change at
               elevated temp and pressure but do not detonate.
          W This indicates that a material may have a hazardous reaction with
          __water__.

          OX This indicates an __oxidizer__.

          HMIS stands for __Hazardous__ __Materials__ __Information__
          System__

33. Under the HMIS system, the classes mean the following:
            a. Class 1: __Mass__ __Detonation__ __Hazard__ - Inidcated by an
                orange stop sign with the number “1” in the center.
            b. Class 2: __Explosion__ __With__ __Fragmentation__ __Hazard__ -
                indicated by an orange “X” with the number “2” in the center.
            c. Class 3: __Mass__ __Fire__ __Hazard__ - Indicated by an orange
                inverted triangle with the number “3” in the center.
            d. Class 4: __Moderate__ __Fire__ __Hazard__ - Indicated by an orange
                diamond with the number “4” in the center.
    For special hazards:
    __Chemical__ __Hazard__ is indicated by a person dressed in chemically
    protective suit.

   __Apply__ __no__ __water__ is indicated by a water bucket with a slash through
   it.

   __Wear__ __Breathing__ __Apparatus__ is indicated by a face wearing a
   respirator face piece.

34. Pipeline markers:
        1. Marker Location – can be found where the pipeline crosses under a
           __Rail__ __Line__, crosses a public __road__, is spaced along the
           pipeline, or crosses a waterway.
        2. Marker Contents – the marker will contain the word “__Warning__,”
           product information, the name of the carrier, and emergency contact
           number.
35. TRUE / FALSE: Labels are used on small packages, affixed on only one side,
    and indicate primary hazards.
36. TRUE / FALSE: Placards are located on bulk packages and vehicles, indicate
    primary hazards, are NOT required for radioactive materials, and must be
    placarded at over 1001 lbs.
37. The three basic configurations of placards are:
           1. __Worded__
           2. __Wordless__
           3. __UN__ / __NA__ Number
38. TRUE / FALSE: Wordless placards are allowed under 49 CFR 172.519
UN Placard Classifications:
      Match the classification number with the placard:

   1. __c__ Flammable
   2. __b__ Spontaneously Combustible
   3. __k__ Flammable Solid
   4. __m__ Flammable Gas
   5. __e__ Radioactive
   6. __g__ Corrosive
   7. __a__ Poison
   8. __h__ Biohazard
   9. __j__ Dangerous When Wet
   10. __l__ Combustible Liquid
   11. __p__ Explosives
   12. __q__ Explosives
   13. __r__ Explosive: Blasting Agents
   14. __n__ Chlorine
   15. __d__ Miscellaneous
   16. __o__ Flammable Liquid
   17. __f__ Compressed Gas – Non-flammable
   18. __i__ Organic Peroxides




   a.           b.           c.           d.              e.        f.




   g.           h.           i.          j.               k.             l.




   m.                n.           o.            p.             q.




   r.


   39. T / F: Highway vehicles carry the BILL OF LADING in cab of the truck,
       within arms reach of the driver.
   40. T / F: In aircraft, the AIRBILL within arms reach of the pilot.
   41. T / F: On the water, the DANGEROUS CARGO MANIFEST is kept with
       the deck hand in his cabin.
   42. T / F: Trains carry the WAYBILL and CONSIST in the caboose.
   43. The MSDS may be obtained from any of the following EXCEPT:
              a. Supplier
              b. Manufacturer
              c. CHEMTREC
              d. Phone Book
   44. MSDS Sheets contain all the following information EXCEPT:
              a. Chemical Formula
              b. Where to Buy
              c. Physical Properties
              d. Health Hazards
   45. The phone number for CHEMTREC is:
              a. 800-423-9700
              b. 800-424-8300
              c. 800-422-9300
              d. 800-424-9300
   46. The phone number for INFOTRAC is:
              a. 800-535-9300
              b. 800-535-4242
              c. 800-535-5053
              d. 800-535-5350

PART V: PPE

1. Which levels (1-4) of Thermal PPE correspond to the description?
      __3__ - Entry Suits - Resemble proximity suits but are built to allow for short
      duration flame contact.
      __1__ - Structural Gear - NFPA 1500 approved gear for fire fighting in structures.
      This includes boots, gloves, protective hood, helmet, bunker pants and coat, etc.
      __4__ - Flash Protective CPC - There is some chemically protective clothing
      which is now affording responders with limited flash protection as well as chem.
      Protection.
      __2__ - Proximity Suits - Designed for use in areas with flammable and
      combustible liquids. They have an aluminized appearance.
          3. __Mechanical__ Protection – designed to protect the worker from
              mechanical harms such as bumps, scrapes, cuts, etc.
          4. __Respiratory__ Protection – Designed to protect the user from the effects
              of toxic or adverse atmospheres. Respiratory protection may provide
              chemical, thermal, and mechanical protection simultaneously.
          5. __Chemical__ Protection – designed to protect the user from the effects of
              hazardous chemicals.

           6. What is a SAR? ____Positive Pressure Supplied Air
              Respirator_______________
     7. What is an APR? _____Air Purifying
        Respirator___________________________

     8. NFPA 19__93__ - describes design and performance standards, test
        methods, and documentation requirements for Support Function Protective
        Clothing.

     9. NFPA 19__92__ - describes design and performance standards, test
        methods, and documentation requirements for Liquid Splash Protective
        Suits.

     10. NFPA 19__91__ - describes design and performance standards, test
         methods, and documentation requirements for Vapor Protective Suits.

     11. The highest form of respiratory, skin, eye, and mucus membrane
         protection is:
     a. Level D
     b. Level A
     c. Level 1
     d. Level 4
     12. This level of protection is used when in a known environment where
         requirements for APR have been met and exposure to skin and eyes is
         unlikely.
     a. Level 1
     b. Level 2
     c. Level 3
     d. Level C
     13. The MINIMUM required level of protection for initial entry into
         uncharacterized sites is:
a.   Level B
b.   Level 4
c.   Level 2
d.   Level C
     14. TRUE / FALSE: Level D protective clothing is primarily a work uniform
         and has little protective qualities.

     15. Elastomers – materials with __plastic__-like characteristics.

    16. Chemical resistance of protective clothing is based on three criteria. They
        are:
__Penetration__ - This is the movement of a chemical through openings in the
garment.
__Degradation__ - This is the physical decomposition of the material.
__Permeation__ - This is the movement of the chemical through the material at
the molecular level. It occurs at a particular rate.
     17. The limitations of PPE use are all of the following EXCEPT (circle 2):
a.   Cardiovascular Fitness
b.   Cost
c.   Thermal Stress
d.   Cold Stress
e.   Claustrophobia
f.   Poor Attitude

     18. Safety precautions for use of PPE include all of the following EXCEPT:
a.   Safe Work Practices
b.   Back-up Personnel
c.   Ensuring that all gear is new and unused
d.   Using the Buddy System

   19. At an incident, there are four general activities. These are:
A. Analyzing the Problem
       1. Gathering Information
           a. __Size-up__
           b. __Initial Information Gathering__
           c. Site Concerns
       2. Predicting the Course of Events
           a. Identify the Type of Stress Causing the Problem
                  i. __Thermal__
                 ii. __Mechanical__
                iii. __Chemical__
           b. Predict / Identify the type of release (Detonation, Violent Rupture,
               Rapid Relief, Spill)
           c. Predict / Identify the Type of Breach (Disintegration, Cracking,
               Punctures, etc.)
           d. Predict / Identify the Dispersion Pattern (Plume, Cone, Stream,
               etc.)
           e. Identify the Length of __Exposure__
                  i. Short term – Min to Hours
                 ii. Medium Term - __Days__ to __Weeks__
                iii. Long Term – Months to Years
           f. Identify the Hazard
B. Plan the Response
   1. Harm to Life, Property, Environment, or Finances
   2. TAPES and Time:
       T__raining__
       A__pparatus__
       P__ersonnel__
       E__quipment__
       S__afety__
       Time – actions take time.
       C. Implementing the Response
       D. Evaluation of the Response Progress

PART VI: Defensive Control Options

       1. A liquid penetrating the interior of a solid is termed ABSORPTION /
          ADSORPTION (Circle One), while a liquid interacting with the surface of a
          solid which holds the material due to an interaction at the molecular level is
          ABSORPTION / ADSORPTION
       2. What are the 4 basic ways foam works:
              a. __Smothers__
              b. __Cools__
              c. __Suppresses Vapors__
              d. __Separates__
       3. AFFF - __Aqueous Film Forming Foams__ - synthetic material foams. Used
          for __3__% Hydrocarbons and __6__% Commodities
       4. ATC - __Alcohol Type Concentrate__

PART VII: Control Zones and Decontamination
     1. TRUE / FALSE: Decontamination is conducted to protect responders, protect
         victims, and limit the spread of contamination.

PART VIII: Incident Command System / Incident Management System
     1. The five command functions are:
             a. Command and Staff
             b. __Operations__
             c. __Planning__
             d. Logistics
             e. Finance
     2. Major elements of the ICS are:
             a. Branch
             b. __Division__
             c. Group
     3. The Response Sequence:
             a. Isolate
             b. __Identify__
             c. Notify
             d. __Mitigate__

PART IX: Termination
      1. TRUE / FALSE: Termination consists of debriefing, post-incident analysis,
         and critique.

       2. OSHA __29__ CFR 1910.120
            - Requires a critique to be done after each incident
            - Total time for critique is limited to 60 to 90 minutes

				
DOCUMENT INFO