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Transition Paths Towards a Smarter Electric Grid

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					Transition Paths Towards a Smarter Electric Grid

       p    y ,                                          gy
Christoph Mayer, OFFIS Institute for Information Technology
2


    1885 When the Story Started…

                                   1885 Berlin first public power
                                   grid in Germany (of the power
                                   plant Marktgrafenstraße)
                                   Length: some 100 m




                                   Royal Opera


                                                         )
                                   Powerplant „Kraftwerk“)
                                   Royal Theater
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    2010: Automated European Transmission Grid (ENTSO-E)


                         GE.com



        Siemens.com



                                                        http://www.inl.gov/r
                                                        esearch/scada-test-
                                                        bed/i/scada-test-
                                                        bed-1.jpg




                        305.000 km transmission lines
                        525 mio. customers
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    Vision for Tomorrow: DESERTEC




                                    Source
                                    DESERETC
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    Vision for Tomorrow (Distribution) Smart Grid

    Smart Grid is an open (!) intelligent Power – System.

    In the “Internet of Energy” any component of the electrical system will be
    represented by ICT-components + sensors + actuators which interact in multiple
                                    ICT-infrastructure
    ways connected via a suitable ICT-infrastructure..




                                                                                     smartgrids.eu
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    Challenges for the Transition to the Smart Grid


     General Set - up: sustainability, security of supply and cost
     effectiveness

     Challenges
         Principal: Complexity, Heterogeneity and Openness
         Technical
         Economic
         Societal
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    Challenges: Complexity, Heterogeneity and Openness


     contributions
               international standardization (key element!)
                        g          g      p
               knowledge exchange: cooperations, p             ,
                                                    , platforms, associations
               borrowing paradigms from
                ICT domain (semantic web,
               autonomous computing,
                  b    h i l
               cyber physical systems,
               internet of things,
                internet of services…)




                                                                          7
8


    Examples of Associations and Cooperations

                                   g      p                gy
                acatech Working Group „Internet of Energy/eEnergy“ gy
german
                BDI initiativ: „Internet of Energy“
                BMWi / BMU: E-Energy - program
                BITKOM WG E-Energy
                DKE: German Steering Committee Smart Grid
                VDE/ITG-Fokusgruppe "Energieinformationsnetze und -systeme“
                VDE/ITG F k                "E      i i f ti      t     d    t   “
                IEC: TC 57 Framework, TC 13 Electricity Meters, Strategic Group (SG 3) Smart Grid
multinational   „European Strategic Energy Technology Plan“ (SET)
                European Electricity Grid Initiative (EEGI) and framework programs FP 6, FP 7
                                                               Vision, SRA,
                European Technology Platform Smart Grids : Vision SRA SDDR&D Projects
                Mandate M/441 Smart Metering und Smart Meters Co-ordination Group CEN / CENELEC / ETSI
                ERGEG/ACER position paper (europ. regulators)
                Task force for Smart Grids (EU Commission)
                ISO/IEC JTC1 Special WG und SC7 Working Groups on Smart Grid:
                ITU: Focus Group on Smart Grid
                Smart Grids D-A-CH
                IEEE P2030
                 Japan                        Alliance“
                "Japan Smart Community Alliance
national
                Austrian SG Platform, ensg Vision, China, Korea Smart Grid Institute, ...
                NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Project
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    Examples

                                   g      p               gy
                acatech Working Group „Internet of Energy/eEnergy“  gy
german
                BDI initiativ: „Internet of Energy“
                BMWi / BMU: E-Energy - program
                BITKOM WG E-Energy
                DKE: German Steering Committee Smart Grid
                VDE/ITG F k                "E    i i f
                VDE/ITG-Fokusgruppe "Energieinformationsnetze und -systeme“
                                                         ti      t     d    t   “
                IEC: TC 57 Framework, TC 13 Electricity Meters, Strategic Group (SG 3) Smart Grid
multinational   „European Strategic Energy Technology Plan“ (SET)
                European Electricity Grid Initiative (EEGI) and framework programs FP 6, FP 7
                                                               Vision, SRA,
                European Technology Platform Smart Grids : Vision SRA SDDR&D Projects
                Mandate M/441 Smart Metering und Smart Meters Co-ordination Group CEN / CENELEC / ETSI
                ERGEG/ACER position paper (europ. regulators)
                Task force for Smart Grids (EU Commission)
                ISO/IEC JTC1 Special WG und SC7 Working Groups on Smart Grid:
                ITU: Focus Group on Smart Grid
                Smart Grids D-A-CH
                IEEE P2030

national
                "Japan Smart Community Alliance“
                Austrian SG Platform, ensg Vision, China, Korea Smart Grid Institute, ...
                NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Project
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     Technical Challenges

      Complexity, H t
      C                      it
           l it Heterogenity and Od Openness
      Technical
          contributions: RD+D
          ICT RD+D for
                new kind of applications
                Security
                “smart equipment”/embedded systems
                Interoperability
                I         bili
                …
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     Economic Challenges


     Complexity, Heterogenity and Openness
     Technical
     Economic Issues: where is the money in smart grids?

          What is the “killer application”
          find business models
          contributions
                liberalization: let the market pick the winners
                regulated standards
                anti-trust
                anti trust regulation




                                         greentechmedia.com
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     Conclusions
 Trivia
     Energy efficiency and integration of renewables are a key for GHG mitigation.
     Smart grids are a must to follow the transition path to a modern electricity grid.
     (Not yet invented or built) Innovative ICT is the key-enabler of the smart grid.
                                                                           challenges
     Strong efforts in the ICT domain are to be made to address the key challenges.


 More Conclusions
                      R D
     Comprehensive R+D activities are necessary.
     Only engagement in partnerships in this field creates enough knowledge.
     Intensify your nations efforts in the standardization process

				
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