Building on the Past_ Traveling to the Future

					BUILDING ON THE PAST
TRAVELING TO THE FUTURE
B U I L D I N G O N T H E PA S T
T R AV E L I N G TO T H E F U T U R E
SECOND EDITION


A P R E S E R VAT I O N I S T ’ S G U I D E

T O T H E F E D E R A L T R A N S P O R TAT I O N E N H A N C E M E N T P R O V I S I O N




                   EDITED BY DAN COSTELLO AND LISA SCHAMESS




                   F E D E R A L H I G H WAY A D M I N I S T R AT I O N


                   N AT I O N A L T R U S T F O R H I S T O R I C P R E S E R VAT I O N
CONTENTS




JOINT MESSAGE                                                 NEW JERSEY
                                                               Journal Square, Jersey City 
INTRODUCTION 
                                                               NEW MEXICO
TR ANSPORTATION
ENHANCEMENT: AN OVERVIEW                                     Cultural Corridors, statewide project 

                                                               OKL AHOMA
CASE EX AMPLES                                                 Cordell Main Street, Cordell 

AL ABAMA                                                       PENNSYLVANIA
St. James Hotel, Selma                                       Forbes Road, Fort Ligonier 
                                                               Lehigh Canal, Lehigh 
AL ASK A
Creamer’s Field Migratory Fowl Refuge, Fairbanks             RHODE ISL AND
                                                               Great Road, Lincoln 
ARK ANSAS
Frisco Trail and Park, Rogers                                SOUTH DAKOTA
                                                               Historic Downtown Commercial
CALIFORNIA
                                                               and Warehouse District, Rapid City 
Ferry Depot, San Francisco 
                                                               VERMONT
FLORIDA
                                                               General Wait House, Waitsfield 
Venetian Causeway, Miami Beach 
                                                               Manchester Town Green, Manchester 

GEORGIA                                                        Molly Brook Farm, Cabot 

Darien Trail, Darien                                         Proctorsville Town Green, Cavendish 

Liberty Heritage Trail, Liberty County 
                                                               VIRGINIA
Tybee Lighthouse, Tybee Island                               Barrett’s Landing, Franklin 

ILLINOIS                                                       Wolf Creek Indian Village, Bastian 

Rose Hotel, Elizabethtown                                    WEST VIRGINIA
                                                               Capitol Market, Charleston 
KENTUCKY
Market House Theatre, Paducah 
                                                               RESOURCES
MICHIGAN
                                                               National Trust Regional Offices 
Ionia Avenue Brick Streetscape Project, Grand Rapids 
                                                               State Historic Preservation Offices 
MISSISSIPPI                                                    State Transportation Enhancement Managers (State by State) 
Mississippi Civil War Trail Project, statewide               fhwa Division Office   TE   Coordinators 
Union Station Multi-modal Transportation Center, Meridian 
T H E A N N UA L F R I S C O

F E S T I VA L C E L E B R AT E S

MAIN STREET IN ROGERS,

A R K A N S A S . P H OTO : C I T Y

O F R O G E R S PA R K S A N D

R E C R E AT I O N D E PART M E N T
    J O I N T M E S S AG E

                                  K E N N E T H W Y K L E , F E D E R A L H I G H WAY A D M I N I S T R AT O R

                                  R I C H A R D M O E , P R E S I D E N T, N AT I O N A L T R U S T F O R
                                  H I S T O R I C P R E S E RVAT I O N




    In June , Congress reaffirmed the importance of Transportation Enhancement (te) activities as part of
    the Transportation Equity Act for the st Century (tea-). In doing so, Congress preserved and improved
    on the progressive policies contained in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 
    (istea). Through its protection of Transportation Enhancements, including activities that contribute to his-
    toric preservation, Congress cast a vote of confidence in the thousands of nontraditional, transportation-
    related projects that have helped conserve and enliven America’s communities.
       tea- increased Federal financial resources for TE activities by nearly  percent and expanded the list
    of eligible activities from  to . tea- also affirmed the eligibility of historic preservation projects with
    a variety of links to the transportation system: functional, historical, economic, social, and visual.
       Both transportation and historic preservation have important missions that contribute to community liv-
    ability and affect the quality of life of our citizens. The te activities offer historic preservationists and trans-
    portation professionals new opportunities to work together. This publication focuses on the many roles his-
    toric preservation has been given through the te activities.
       Not only are historic resources specifically referenced in  of the  activities, they are frequently com-
    bined with scenic resources as key elements in the preservation of communities and landscapes through
    which roads pass. The te activities of the Surface Transportation Program offer a tangible opportunity for
    transportation agencies to become preservation partners with the citizens and communities they serve.
       The mission of the Federal Highway Administration (fhwa) is not only building roads and bridges, but
    also providing a safe and efficient transportation system for America. fhwa’s activities influence the Na-
    tion’s prosperity and the well-being of communities. Because of this, fhwa is committed to continuing to
    meet the challenge of istea and tea- to provide safe, efficient transportation service that conserves and
    enhances environmental, scenic, historic, and community values so vital to quality of life.
       Transportation enhancement projects can contribute substantially to community revitalization. By their
    very nature, these projects engage citizens, private groups, local governments, and State and Federal agen-
    cies in activities that enhance the community benefits of transportation. The projects selected for explo-




6
ration in this edition focus on community character and a strengthened sense of place. Particular attention
is given to projects that contribute to revitalizing historic downtown/Main Street commercial districts, and
projects that promote heritage travel and tourism.
   The National Trust for Historic Preservation hailed the changes in national surface transportation policy
as important stepping stones toward broader preservation of the Nation’s heritage. This is especially true
for Main Street communities and heritage corridors whose historic resources and visitor amenities can
help attract travelers and revenue to cities and towns. The National Trust intends to work with commu-
nities to tap into the potential of Transportation Enhancement activities to support historic preservation
and sustainable transportation. This includes encouraging pedestrian and bicycle access for Main Streets and
Federal and State heritage corridors.
   The desire to be on the move and to see new things is an important element of the human experience;
so is the desire to preserve places that signify home. The Transportation Enhancements category of fund-
ing has created a great opportunity for Americans to preserve culturally significant sites and routes for fu-
ture generations to enjoy, and to enliven and protect the communities we all come home to.




                                                                                                               7
I N T RO D U C T I O N


                              T U R N I N G                P O I N T S




                              T
                                                        he destinations and transportation routes of the United      O P PO S I T E PAG E :

                                                        States are integral to the American experience. In cities    T E - F U N D E D R A I L R OA D

                                                        and town centers, along waterfronts, and within key          R E LO C AT I O N P R O J E C T I N

                                                        agricultural areas and industrial corridors, the relation-   L A FAY E T T E , I N D I A N A

                                                        ship between the Nation’s transportation system and          HAS BROUGHT LIFE

                                                        important historic sites can stimulate local economies       BAC K TO T H I S M I DW E S T -

                                                        and foster community pride. The potential for such           E R N C I T Y ’ S D OW N TOW N .

linkages is especially vivid and clearly recognized in the Transportation Enhancement (te) funding category          P H OTO : R O N DY E

within the Surface Transportation Program, authorized by Congress in  and reauthorized in .
   This booklet answers questions about te activities and illustrates the role te funding can play in revital-
izing communities, preserving historic resources, and stimulating cultural tourism. The publication also ex-
plains specific ways that States and communities have used historic preservation to unify communities and
celebrate the interconnections between our Nation’s history and the rivers, roads, and rails that carry our
people and goods.
   Between  and , State transportation departments made more than  billion in Federal te funds
available to communities. Nearly , projects received te funding during that period, of which ,
included a historic preservation or archaeological element. Local communities, which contributed more
than  billion to implement the program, have access to at least another  billion in Federal funds through
. Federal law does not require States to spend te funds on te activities, only to set them aside and make
them available. To derive full benefit from transportation enhancements, it is crucial that communities
actively participate in the te process in their States.




                                                                                                                                                        9
“OUR YOUTHFUL EXUBERANCE IN BUILDING A MASSIVE AND ENVIABLE ROAD NETWORK IS BEING


REPL ACED WITH A MORE SEASONED PATIENCE IN FITTING OUR FACILITIES MORE CAREFULLY INTO


COMMUNITIES AND THE NATURAL L ANDSCAPE.”


— RODNEY SL ATER, SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION




                                  Between  and , funding of historic            public spaces should be in harmony with mobility
                               preservation through te activities declined. Yet the     and access: it is a way of honoring our Nation’s
                               funding available for historic preservation through      identity and diversity, and a mechanism for pro-
                               the te category greatly exceeds traditional funding      tecting valuable lessons, landscapes, and livelihoods
                               through State preservation programs. Historic            for future generations.
                               preservationists and State historic preservation            The United States’ dynamic transportation sys-
                               offices can use these funds to help communities in        tem exerts strong influence over local economies
                               a variety of ways. One important example of such         and landscapes. te activities offer a variety of op-
                               assistance is the implementation of the te-eligible      portunities for community enhancement. Many
                               components of State historic preservation plans.         te activities focus on historic preservation, and
                                  Potential sponsors need to know how to de-            help support stable and sustainable local economic
                               velop competitive proposals for their State en-          growth through protection of historic resources.
                               hancement programs that include the specific his-            The connection between transportation and his-
                               toric preservation activities set out in the law.        toric sites makes a wide variety of historic preser-
                               Transportation professionals need concise informa-       vation projects eligible for funding. This publica-
                               tion and a range of examples of how historic             tion profiles a cross-section of historic preservation
                               preservation benefits the public in the context of        projects with strong past and present links to the
                               te projects.                                             transportation system, creative approaches to financ-
                                  This booklet describes State practices and te         ing, and innovative partnerships. These projects
                               projects, with a focus on historic preservation.         demonstrate the community benefits of aesthetic
                               Across the Nation, te projects are using historic        improvements such as historic façade restoration
                               preservation to revitalize community squares, make       or streetscape improvements, provision of visitor
                               major routes and hubs more attractive and useful         centers and other traveler amenities, and encour-
                               to the traveler, and conserve rural landscapes. His-     agement of economic development and heritage
                               toric preservation knits together the common             tourism through historic preservation.
                               threads that unite communities in pride and help            Many transportation enhancement projects fo-
                               sustain their economic well-being. Enhancement           cus on historic preservation or contain a historic
                               of historic transportation corridors, facilities, and    preservation element that works in synergy with




10                                                                                                                           I N T RO D U C T I O N
other activities. This booklet is intended to en-       WO RT H N OT I N G : T R A N S I T E N H A N C E M E N T       HINESBURG, VERMONT

courage transportation professionals and potential      AC T I V I T I E S                                             U S E D T R A N S PO RTAT I O N

te sponsors to seek out transportation-related his-     TEA-     also created a Transit Enhancements funding cate-   ENHANCEMENT FUNDS

toric preservation and other te activities, and pur-    gory, modeled on the original Transportation Enhancement       FOR PEDESTRIAN AND

sue them with enhancement applications.                 activities in the Surface Transportation Program. This fund-   S T R E E T S C A P E I M P R OV E -

   The historic sites and buildings related to trans-   ing is available through the Federal Transit Administration    M E N T S I N I T S V I L L AG E

portation facilities represent the common ground        via Metropolitan Planning Organizations and local transit      C E N T E R . P H OTO :

from which many Americans’ fondest memories             providers. Contact FTA at the Office of Program Manage-         K AT H L E E N R A M S AY

and shared heritage spring. As we travel from place     ment, --, for further information.
to place, whether for business or pleasure, as part
of a daily commute or as a journey of many miles,
the sights and sounds we encounter along the way
shape our perception of our communities, our
Nation, and ultimately ourselves as citizens partic-
ipating in this Nation’s evolving history. Caring
for historic places through transportation en-
hancements renews interest in these places, and
deepens respect for the communities that contain
them and the citizens who maintain them.
   We hope this publication helps lead to new
partnerships and activities that support communi-
ties and celebrate our Nation’s heritage.




I N T RO D U C T I O N                                                                                                                                    11
T R A N S P O RTAT I O N E N H A N C E M E N T S


                             A N        O V E R V I E W




                             I
                                             n , a new kind of transportation law was passed. Culminating             O P PO S I T E : H I S TO R I C

                                              years of investment in the Interstate Highway System, the In-             C O R I N T H D E POT,

                                             termodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act gave States and                CORINTH, MISSISSIPPI.

                                             communities much more flexibility to direct Federal transporta-               P H OTO : E R I C LO N G ,

                                             tion funds toward local priorities for transportation access, envi-          A M E R I C A N BAT T L E F I E L D

                                             ronmental protection, and quality of life. Within the largest and            P R OT E C T I O N P R O G R A M ,

                                             most flexible of these major funding programs, the Surface Trans-             N AT I O N A L PA R K S E RV I C E

portation Program,  percent of funds was set aside for Transportation Enhancement activities. These 
activities were increased to  in  by the Transportation Equity Act for the st Century (tea-). To
be considered for this Federal support, a TE activity must be related to surface transportation and must be
one of the  eligible activities (see list on page ).
   The popularity of transportation enhancements is indisputable. States routinely receive more proposals
than they can fund. New Jersey’s  call for proposals, for example, elicited such an overwhelming re-
sponse from communities that only  percent of all proposals could be funded. During its year  round,
Pennsylvania received nearly  applications, which would have required  million to fund, seven
times the amount available.
   During the  –  reauthorization of istea in Congress, Transportation Enhancements received such
strong support from citizens, community groups, and local and State elected officials that the te set-aside was
reauthorized with additional funding and new categories of eligibility.


                                                           “TRANSPORTATION IS ABOUT MORE THAN ASPHALT, CONCRETE, AND STEEL; IT IS ABOUT


                                                           QUALIT Y OF LIFE FOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, TODAY AND IN THE FUTURE.”


                                                           —RODNEY SL ATER, SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION




                                                                                                                                                            13
     T H E 12 E L I G I B L E                                            6. Historic preservation—Eligible activities in-
     ENHANCEMENT ACTIVITIES                                              clude preservation of buildings and façades in his-
     The following list of the  Transportation Enhancement ac-         toric districts; restoration and reuse of historic
     tivities includes project examples that illustrate each activity.   buildings for transportation-related purposes; ac-
     These examples are meant to be illustrative, not definitive.         cess improvements to historic sites and buildings.
     Although the Federal government provides guidance and en-
                                                                         7. Rehabilitation and operation of historic trans-
     sures compliance with eligibility requirements, States are re-
                                                                         portation buildings, structures, or facilities (in-
     sponsible for selecting projects. Contact your State TE coor-
                                                                         cluding historic railroad facilities and canals)—Ex-
     dinator to discuss specific eligibility practices in your State.
                                                                         amples of eligible activities are restoration of
     1. Provision of facilities for pedestrians and bicy-                railroad depots, bus stations, and lighthouses; as
     cles—Examples of eligible activities include new                    well as rehabilitation of railroad trestles, tunnels,
     or reconstructed sidewalks, walkways, or curb                       and bridges.
     ramps; bike lane striping, wide paved shoulders,
                                                                         8. Preservation of abandoned railway corridors
     bike parking and bus racks; of f-road trails; bike
                                                                         (including the conversion and use thereof for
     and pedestrian bridges and underpasses.
                                                                         pedestrian and bicycle trails)—Eligible activities
     2. Provision of safety and educational activities                   include acquisition of railroad rights-of-way; plan-
     for pedestrians and bicyclists —A new activity un-                  ning, designing, and constructing multi-use trails;
     der TEA-21, generally expected to include pro-                      and developing trail projects.
     grams designed to encourage safe bicycling and
                                                                         9. Control and removal of outdoor advertising —
     walking.
                                                                         Billboard inventories or removal of illegal and
     3. Acquisition of scenic easements and scenic or                    nonconforming billboards are examples of eligi-
     historic sites —Examples include acquisition of                     ble activities.
     scenic land easements, vistas and landscapes; pur-
                                                                         10. Archaeological planning and research — Re-
     chase of buildings in historic districts or historic
                                                                         search, preservation planning, and interpretation;
     properties; and preservation of historic farms.
                                                                         Developing interpretive signs, exhibits and guides;
     4. Scenic or historic highway programs (includ-                     inventories and surveys.
     ing the provision of tourist and welcome center
                                                                         11. Environmental mitigation to address water
     facilities)—Eligible activities include construction
                                                                         pollution due to highway runoff or reduce vehicle-
     of turnouts and overlooks on scenic or historic
                                                                         caused wildlife mortality while maintaining habi-
     roads; visitor centers and viewing areas; designa-
                                                                         tat connectivity—Eligible activities include runoff
     tion signs and markers along historic corridors.
                                                                         pollution prevention studies; soil erosion controls;
     5. Landscaping and other scenic beautification—                      detention and sediment basins; wildlife under-
     Eligible improvements may include street furni-                     passes.
     ture, lighting, public art and landscaping along
                                                                         12. Establishment of transportation museums—
     streets and at transit stops; beautification activi-
                                                                         A new activity under TEA-21, may include the
     ties along historic highways, trails, and interstates;
                                                                         conversion of railroad stations or historic prop-
     enhancement of waterfronts and gateways.
                                                                         erties to museums with transportation themes.



14                                                                                                                 OV E RV I E W
S TAT E            O F      T H E         S TAT E S




Although Congress set forth the general frame-         the State te program has generated goodwill in
work for the eligibility of te activities, decisions   communities:
about the structure and administration of each State
program have been left up to the individual States.    Everyone knows us as the people who pave the roads.
Federal and State transportation professionals main-   Depending on whom you talk to, the paving is unwanted
tain a close working relationship that dates back      or it isn’t happening fast enough. This program gives us
to the early years of the th century, when the       a chance to do something else for communities. It enhances
Bureau of Public Roads was established to help         the transportation system’s environment and reflects local
States develop uniform standards for road design       priorities. Plus, these projects can get done quickly. All of
and maintenance. This relationship was further         that makes our jobs easier when we are working on other
strengthened when ground broke for the Interstate      projects at the local level.
System in the early s. An unprecedented de-
gree of Federal-State cooperation was necessary to        In States where transportation personnel and
complete this ambitious coast-to-coast public          elected officials show leadership and openness to
works project, the largest of its kind ever under-     public input, and where innovative project spon-
taken in the United States.                            sors have committed their time and resources to
   In keeping with this tradition, State transporta-   imaginative projects, te programs have been a suc-
tion agencies developed and now implement their        cess. Some States, however, have been reluctant to
transportation enhancement programs with over-         fund historic preservation projects because of con-
sight from staff members of the Federal Highway        cerns about some of these projects’ relationship to
Administration’s headquarters and field offices.         the transportation system. In the past, only historic
The te program of each State is governed by a          transportation structures or facilities — such as
unique mix of Federal and State regulations, pol-      canals, bridges, and train depots — were funded in
icy, and guidance. Nearly all of the day-to-day        some States. Increasingly, te coordinators and ad-
decisions about te funding and project imple-          visory committees have broadened the eligibility
mentation are made at the State level.                 requirements of their programs to capture a more
   Over the years some States have demonstrated        diverse range of projects with an evident relation-
great enthusiasm for te activities, incorporating      ship to the transportation system, even if past or
them into their routine activities and even trans-     present transportation use is not a prominent fea-
forming their missions in response to te’s empha-      ture of the project.
sis on supporting communities. Community plan-            The Federal Highway Administration’s De-
ner and Vermont te coordinator Lani Ravin says         cember  guidance states that a historic site’s




OV E RV I E W                                                                                                          15
     relationship to transportation must be significant           funded the rehabilitation of significant historic
     but need not be strictly functional. “Elements              buildings in transportation corridors under the
     of Strong State Programs” (page ) explains sev-           scenic/historic highway program category.
     eral criteria by which to measure how well a State             The National Transportation Enhancements
     encourages te activities in general and historic            Clearinghouse (ntec) (see below for more infor-
     preservation in particular.                                 mation), a joint venture between the Federal
        Several States have explicitly recognized historic       Highway Administration and the Rails-to-Trails
     preservation as a critical te activity. These pro-          Conservancy, is the National source for data on
     grams, for example, may recognize that restoration          State programs and te expenditures. Data com-
     of the exteriors of historic buildings can be eligi-        piled by ntec suggest great variance among States
     ble for te funds under the category of landscaping          in terms of expenditure of te fund allocations and
     and other scenic beautification. State dots have             timely completion of projects.




     N AT I O N A L T R A N S P O R T AT I O N E N H A N C E M E N T S C L E A R I N G H O U S E
     The National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse (NTEC) exists to help connect people with the information and
     resources they need to obtain and utilize Transportation Enhancement (TE) funds.

     NTEC provides a number of important resources               ∫ Numerous downloadable documents on the
     and services to customers:                                  NTEC Web site.

     ∫ An informative quar terly newslet ter on                  ∫ The latest State TE funding data and a data
     Enhancements.                                               base of programmed projects.

     ∫ New publications such as guides to the                    ∫ Contact information and referrals to State
     program and over views of how States are                    DOTs, FHWA, and advocacy organizations.
     spending their TE funds.
                                                                 Questions that NTEC frequently answers:
     ∫ A toll-free help line (1-888-388-NTEC) and
                                                                 ∫ Whom should I contact in my State for
     Web site (www.enhancements.org).
                                                                 information about the TE program?
     ∫ State TE program profile: contacts, funding
                                                                 ∫ What other organizations should I contact for
     histor y, selection procedures, and financing
                                                                 help and information?
     policies.
                                                                 ∫ Can NTEC provide my organization with
     ∫ Distribution of more than 50 dif ferent pub-
                                                                 copies of documents so we can promote our TE
     lications related to transpor tation enhance-
                                                                 project (or the TE program as a means for
     ments.
                                                                 funding)?




16                                                                                                          OV E RV I E W
E L E M E N T S                O F       S T R O N G           S TAT E            P R O G R A M S




Over the years, States have adopted a wide variety        input from the many stakeholders in the te
of approaches to developing and implementing              process; including preservationists, conservation-
their te programs. Those that have had the most           ists, bicyclists, pedestrian advocates, transportation
success with their te programs tend to have some          history buffs, and others. An important question to
approaches in common, and often these are corre-          ask is how much of the State’s annual te allocation
lated with one another. One preliminary indicator         is spent on State transportation agency activities
of success is the efficiency with which a State ex-        and how much is committed to local, community-
pends its te funds. Data show that States with the        generated proposals.
highest rates of funding commitment for istea and            Outreach and education to encourage pro-
tea- also tend to have taken one or more of the         posals. States with the most aggressive and early
actions described in this section.                        outreach also have the most proposals to choose
   The following is an illustrative, not comprehen-       from. This outreach can take the form of booklets,
sive, list.                                               widespread mailings, and information on the In-
   Integration of TE activities with other State          ternet; but person-to-person contact is frequently
goals for transportation, historic preserva-              noted among the most successful programs. Some
tion, tourism, and economic development.                  States sponsor regional workshops to encourage
Several State dots have coordinated the goals of          proposals, while others make their te coordinators
their te programs with those of other State agen-         available to attend and speak at conferences in the
cies and statewide organizations, including Main          State. The most consistent feature among success-
Street organizations, State Historic Preservation         ful te programs is that they encourage communi-
Offices (shpos), land banks, statewide historic pres-      ties and non-transportation groups to compete for
ervation groups, Governors and their special task         te funds to meet local, pressing needs that cut
forces, State Cultural Affairs and Tourism offices,        across all  eligible activity categories. Another
and State environmental departments. In some              important element is an application form or guide-
cases, a State dot has allocated substantial te fund-     book that clearly delineates the criteria on which
ing to another State agency with expertise in a par-      project decisions are based.
ticular area, such as acquisition of scenic or historic      Establishment of mechanisms for strong
easements, or commissioning of public art (Molly          citizen participation. Such mechanisms may in-
Brook Farm, page  and Cultural Corridors, New           clude a citizens advisory committee, serious input
Mexico, page ).                                         and participation by other State agencies, and re-
   Balanced and diverse fund allocations                  sponsiveness to suggestions (for example, willing-
among all  eligible activities. State dots that         ness to revise the te application form or take steps
promote fair and open competition among all               to correct recurring implementation problems
of the  categories also tend to have strong             when they are brought to the State’s attention).



OV E RV I E W                                                                                                      17
     Some questions to ask: Who approves transporta-             Development of flexible requirements that
     tion enhancement projects in your State, and how         help project sponsors get the job done. The
     open is the process by which those decisions are         requirements for Federally funded transportation
     made? Do State agencies representing historic            projects can bewilder a local sponsor unfamiliar
     preservation, travel and heritage tourism, parks,        with such procedures. fhwa, and in turn many
     recreation and community revitalization, and oth-        States, adapted their requirements to better suit te
     ers have a voice in what’s approved? Are citizens        projects and their sponsors. For example, in-kind
     and local government officials involved in selec-         donations now can be counted toward local match,
     tion decisions? Do citizens have the opportunity to      and fhwa will now advance partial payment to a
     be involved earlier, for example in updating pro-        sponsor to help establish cash flow at the beginning
     cedures, application materials, and ranking systems?     of a project. Environmental review procedures
        Provision of technical assistance. Successful         have been streamlined, as well as those for approval
     State programs offer their personnel’s expertise to      of design, planning, and construction documents.
     answer project applicants’ questions and help spon-      Several State dots coordinate their environmental
     sors carry out environmental review, design, plan-       review processes with those of other State agencies
     ning, and construction of their projects. Most           that have similar requirements, and at least one
     States dedicate one or more of their own staff to        even funds staff positions at the State Historic
     this technical assistance, while others have con-        Preservation Office to conduct environmental and
     tracted with on-call consultants (see Proctorsville      historic impact review for all te projects (see Lib-
     Village Green, page ).                                 erty Heritage Trail, page ).




     G E T T I N G               W I T H          T H E       P R O G R A M




     Proposing a historic preservation project for TE funds   requirement, subject to FHWA guidance on the
     brings a sponsor into the complex world of trans-        subject. The processes by which States arrive at de-
     portation planning. The te program is just one           cisions also vary, including how frequently te funds
     among many Federal transportation programs ad-           are awarded, who reviews projects, who ultimately
     ministered by State transportation agencies and gov-     selects projects, and what ranking systems are used.
     erned by Federal and State transportation planning          Typically, proposals are pooled at the State or re-
     and project development regulations and procedures.      gional levels, where funding decisions are made.
        In most States, the first step for a te project pro-   The process for making these decisions is often
     posal is a formal application. To be eligible for te     distinct from the larger process that governs pro-
     funds, a project must be among the  eligible te        ject selection for other Federal transportation
     activities and relate to surface transportation. Every   funding programs. However, all Federally funded
     State determines its own criteria for meeting this       transportation projects must appear in an approved


18                                                                                                      OV E RV I E W
State Transportation Improvement Program (stip)          AV O I D I N G C O M M O N P I T F A L L S
developed by the State dot and, in urbanized ar-         In preparing applications, project sponsors should look ahead to see if any of the following is-
eas, in a metropolitan Transportation Improvement        sues may be a concern:
Program (tip) as well. stips and tips are short-term
                                                         1. Accuracy of cost estimates
investment budgets that list projects and amounts
to be spent. These documents, which are updated          2. Land acquisition needs that may not mesh with Federal requirements for
at least every three years, fulfill the State’s long-         land acquisition
range plan, which typically has a -year forecast
                                                         3. Cash flow
period and is also updated periodically. Long-range
plans are primarily policy documents, but may            4. Maintenance of the project after completion
include maps of future facilities and lists of high-
                                                         5. Understanding of which costs are reimbursable under State or Federal law
priority projects.
   Since the passage of istea, the goals of State and    6. Understanding of legal requirements governing TE projects
metropolitan transportation plans and programs
                                                         7. The length of time it will take to start or complete a project
have become increasingly complex and sophisti-
cated. Planners, transportation officials, elected
officials, and citizens are working together to ad-
dress all modes and aspects of transportation and
explain how transportation investments will help         PROJECT OVERSIGHT
fulfill the economic, social, and environmental           For certain projects, a State is required to obtain FHWA approvals as the project proceeds
                                                         through the design and construction phases (traditional approach). However, in many cases a
goals of the State. These plans may outline fund-
                                                         State can choose to exempt projects from detailed FHWA oversight of design and construction.
ing levels, priority activity areas, or other policies
that set the stage for specific te project proposals.     ∫ A State can choose to exempt FHWA from design and construction
Project sponsors should evaluate their specific TE        oversight for all projects of f the National Highway System (NHS). Most
proposals to determine how they can contribute to        transportation enhancements would be located off the NHS.
fulfilling long range plans. Highlighting this con-
                                                         ∫ States can also choose to exempt FHWA from design and construction
nection in a TE funding application is likely to en-
                                                         oversight for low-cost (less than $1 million) or resurfacing, reconstruction,
hance a project’s chances for funding, and many
                                                         and rehabilitation projects on the NHS. This exemption categor y would
State selection criteria state the relationship to or
                                                         cover transpor tation enhancements such as bike paths, landscaping, and
inclusion in the State/mpo Long Range Trans-
                                                         scenic enhancements that are implemented along a road designated as being
portation Plan or other plans as a condition of
                                                         part of the NHS.
funding.
                                                         FHWA has strongly encouraged the States to take maximum advantage of
HOW THE MONEY FLOWS                                      the oppor tunities available to them to exempt FHWA from project
tea- established base funding levels and formulas      oversight. Nearly all of the States have exempted FHWA from oversight of
to guide the annual apportionment of te funding.         projects off the NHS and half of the States have exempted FHWA from
At the beginning of each Federal fiscal year (Octo-       oversight of low-cost NHS projects. Many States also use the certification
ber ), fhwa apportions te and other transportation      acceptance process, in existence prior to passage of ISTEA, which also
funds to each State. te funds are placed in a special    limits FHWA’s oversight role. FHWA’s goal is to have all States using some
                                                         form of oversight exemption.



OV E RV I E W                                                                                                                                        19
     account and remain available for at least three ad-          A nationwide programmatic memorandum of
     ditional years, usually much longer.                      agreement for Section  of the National Historic
        Since not every sponsor is familiar with Federal-      Preservation Act was developed and made available
     aid highway program requirements, especially              to all States to use or further tailor to their own
     those governing reimbursement of project funds            specific needs. The programmatic memorandum
     and environmental impact review, many States              of agreement reduced paperwork throughout the
     help sponsors answer questions about these re-            historic preservation review process required by
     quirements and take steps to simplify and stream-         Federal and some State law.
     line other administrative procedures. This is es-            The fhwa also allows for an “advance payment
     pecially warranted because most te projects are           option,” whereby a local sponsor can receive a
     substantially smaller in scale than traditional road      portion of the Federal funds for a project up front
     and bridge projects, and most te projects simply do       so that initial contractor invoices can be paid. This
     not require as much extensive and detailed over-          option enables sponsors to set the invoicing and re-
     sight by the State transportation agency during the       imbursement process in motion to avoid bank
     implementation phase.                                     loans and added costs due to capital financing.




     P U B L I C             P A R T I C I P AT I O N                      I N      P L A N N I N G




     Public participation in the State and community           metropolitan area is required to maintain mean-
     transportation planning process is a critical respon-     ingful and inclusive involvement of regional orga-
     sibility of te supporters. In fact, one of the criteria   nizations, local agencies, and citizens in selecting
     States apply to evaluating te project proposals is        te activities.
     public involvement at the local or regional level.           Transportation enhancement activities often
     An established process for consulting with citizens       draw on different goals and partners compared
     early in project selection and planning indicates         with most transportation projects. fhwa strongly
     community support and mechanisms for commu-               encourages the effective use of advisory commit-
     nication during project implementation. This in           tees to assist in gathering information and commu-
     turn increases the likelihood that citizens will feel     nity feedback. Early and continuing public partic-
     a stake in ensuring that the project will be a long-      ipation in te activities should also be sought to
     term success.                                             assure consistency with the requirements for pub-
        tea- confirmed and continued the principle            lic involvement in the metropolitan and statewide
     established in istea that public involvement is an        planning regulations, and with the National Envi-
     integral part of Federal-aid planning, program-           ronmental Policy Act (nepa) project implementa-
     ming, and project implementation. Each State and          tion guidance.



20                                                                                                       OV E RV I E W
G A I N I N G              M O M E N T U M                 F O R        A      H I S T O R I C
P R E S E R VAT I O N                        P R O P O S A L




. Seek additional information on eligible te ac-       advice and support that will strengthen your his-
tivities by reading A Guide to Transportation En-       toric preservation enhancement proposal. In addi-
hancements, published by the National Transporta-       tion, if your State has a statewide historic preser-
tion Enhancements Clearinghouse.                        vation plan, you should consider ways your project
. Contact the National Transportation Enhance-         can be related to that plan, and how both relate to
ments Clearinghouse for a profile of your State’s        surface transportation.
program, examples, or list of approved projects.        . Transportation enhancement funds are in-
Then call the enhancement manager in your State         tended for extraordinary, nontraditional activities,
transportation agency for information, including an     not environmental mitigation activities (except in
application and a guidebook or guidelines. Ask          the case of water pollution due to highway runoff )
your State enhancement manager to help you gain         or actions to offset project impacts. Transportation
contacts with other project sponsors in the State for   professionals call these normal or expected activi-
insights. Ask about the schedule for the solicitation   ties mitigation. You may want to talk to trans-
of projects. Find out about deadlines for applica-      portation professionals about what is considered
tion submission.                                        normal mitigation in your State.
. Make sure your project is among the 12 enu-          . States have a variety of procedures for com-
merated enhancement activities. In many States,         plying with Federal requirements for transportation
applications that include several eligible activities   planning and citizen participation. You don’t need
are given special consideration. Also make sure that    to be an expert on the subjects to apply for en-
your project is related to surface transportation and   hancement funds, but you may want to ask your
that your application adequately explains what that     State DOT or Metropolitan Planning Organization
relationship is. Bear in mind that proximity alone is   (mpo) for information about the ways Federal plan-
not a strong enough relationship to warrant fund-       ning requirements could affect your project.
ing. The specific ways in which the project is re-       . If you are a community or nonprofit group, do
lated to transportation should be spelled out in the    your best to find a governmental partner like your
application. This booklet explains several ways that    municipality or county. Some States require spon-
historic preservation projects are related to trans-    sorship by a local government or State agency.
portation (see next section, “Historic Preservation     State transportation departments routinely work
and Transportation: The Critical Connection”).          with other units of government, and your local
. Contact your State Historic Preservation             government may be able to contribute valuable ap-
Office (shpo) and ask for help with your applica-        plication writing insights.
tion. Many shpos are active partners with State         . Be sure you know what your financial oblig-
transportation agencies and can provide invaluable      ations are and how you will meet them before



OV E RV I E W                                                                                                  21
     venturing too far down the enhancement path.              . Your application should link the project to
     The rules differ widely from State to State, but          the larger goals of community revitalization and
     normally the sponsor is responsible for  percent        livability. This is where consultations with local
     of project costs. Many States give preference to pro-     planners, community leaders, and elected officials
     posals that include a much larger local share. You        can pay dividends. The fhwa and most State
     should also understand that this is not the usual grant   transportation agencies are very serious about
     program. The rules are different for transportation       meeting the challenge that transportation serve
     projects: Federal funds are paid out in the form of a     communities and their greater goals and aspira-
     reimbursement, so it is important to anticipate this      tions: livability, quality of life, and fitting trans-
     and work with your State, other funders, and spon-        portation facilities more carefully into communi-
     soring partners to establish adequate cash flow as         ties and the historic and natural landscape.
     early in project implementation as possible.              . Build strong support for your project among
     . Be sure you provide everything that the appli-         local government officials, community leaders, and
     cation requires and make sure the application             especially your State legislators and Members of
     clearly reflects all of your project’s merits. A State     Congress, and make sure this support is enthusias-
     may pass over a worthy project hidden in a not-so-        tically communicated to the State transportation
     good application.                                         agency decision makers.




     H I S T O R I C                P R E S E R VAT I O N
     A N D          T R A N S P O R TAT I O N:
     T H E        C R I T I C A L                 C O N N E C T I O N




     Preservationists, community leaders, and Federal          current, to qualify as eligible. The guidance also
     officials have worked together for several years to        says that State enhancement programs should
     clarify historic preservation’s place among trans-        clearly allow for fair consideration of all eligible ac-
     portation enhancement activities. FHWA guidance           tivities as defined by Congress, and State programs
     defines “related to surface transportation” as a rel-      should be consistent with the FHWA guidance.
     atively flexible standard. The guidance states that           FHWA makes clear, however, that proximity
     environmental protection, community preserva-             alone does not confer eligibility on an enhance-
     tion, and livability are major goals of Federal trans-    ment proposal. Sponsors are urged to describe
     portation policy, in addition to mobility. A trans-       how the proposed activity is related to surface
     portation enhancement project need not function           transportation. FHWA’s guidance uses an example
     as an active transportation facility, either past or      of a historic barn that would not automatically be



22                                                                                                         OV E RV I E W
considered eligible for te funds just because it was    bridge” evokes many images for many different re-
adjacent to a highway, but visibility to the traveler   gions of the Nation: the small wooden covered
in a way that substantially enhances the traveling      bridges of the rural Midwest, the sturdy timber
experience could make it eligible. Conversely, the      spans of New England and the Northwest, great
barn could not be disqualified just because it was       engineering marvels such as the Brooklyn and
not adjacent to the road, as long as some other re-     Golden Gate bridges, and the collection of har-
lationship to transportation could be established.      monious but one-of-a-kind stone arch bridges
   The guidance offers encouragement to those           that gently lead the driver’s eye up and forward
who wish to restore or preserve historic structures     along the Merritt Parkway in Connecticut, to
for which the relationship to transportation is not     name a few.
modal or functional. tea- is specific in recog-           Flexibility in Highway Design describes  features
nizing historic preservation as an important consid-    road designers should look for when assessing the
eration in community and transportation planning        character of an area and the importance of the land
and development. The original statutory language        on which a facility stands or is proposed. The list
of istea and its successor tea- emphasizes that the   includes archaeological sites, historic road traces,
purpose of the enhancements provision is more           and historic sites and landscapes.
than just the preservation of transportation facili-
ties or historic facilities that today may serve a
transportation purpose. Transportation enhance-
ment activities are also intended to go beyond his-
toric preservation activities performed under other
Federal requirements to mitigate the effect of trans-
portation projects on historic resources.
   One way to understand how deeply historic
preservation and transportation are connected is to     “IT WILL NOW BE POSSIBLE . . .TO CREATE SCENIC AND HISTORICAL CORRIDORS THAT PRESERVE

examine the fhwa guide entitled Flexibility in High-    AND ENHANCE SCENIC, HISTORICAL, AND COMMUNIT Y VALUES, USING A MIX OF HISTORIC
way Design. The guide illustrates concepts of bet-
ter integrating highways and communities, and as-       PRESERVATION, SCENIC EASEMENTS, PEDESTRIAN TRAILS, SCENIC PARKS, AND OTHER ENHANCE-

serts that “Aesthetic, scenic, historic, and cultural   MENTS AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF PROJECTS TO CREATE NEW OR REHABILITATED ROAD OR
resources and the physical characteristics of an area
are always important factors (in good highway de-       TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.”

sign) because they help to give a community its         — 1991 SENATE REPORT (102-71) OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS,
identity and sense of place and are a source of lo-
cal pride.”                                             QUENTIN BURDICK, CHAIRMAN

   Historic bridges are an especially visible and
vivid example of this kind of connection. In the
United States today, a variety of bridges stand as
important reminders of the link between our his-
tory and transportation. Just the phrase “historic



OV E RV I E W                                                                                                                                   23
                                      L I N K I N G                     H I S T O R I C                      P R E S E R VAT I O N
                                      A N D             T R A N S P O R TAT I O N




                                      Transportation enhancement coordinators and ex-                        project (e.g., preserving historic road markers on a
                                      perienced sponsors have identified a variety of po-                     modern highway, restoring historic façades and
                                      tential links between historic preservation and                        adding sidewalks and brick surfaces when improv-
                                      transportation. These links vary in approach and                       ing streets). These te projects can enhance the
                                      degree and should be thought through carefully in                      community benefits of transportation investments
                                      establishing the relationship of a proposed project                    and add intrinsic value to transportation systems.
                                      to the surface transportation system. Where the                        . Frequently historic structures and transportation
                                      link is unclear, coordination with the State DOT                       networks are inextricably linked. Both are where
                                      and fhwa te coordinators may be helpful. A list of                     they are because people needed access to vital gov-
                                      possible links to surface transportation follows:                      ernmental, economic, or community services. Po-
                                                                                                             tential project sponsors should explain how historic
                                      . Historic transportation facilities, vehicles, and                   structures are or were dependent upon a road, or
                                      artifacts are all eligible for te funding.                             how the road depended on the historic structure.
                                      . Archaeological and interpretive sites in the                        . Prominently visible signage, turn-outs, and con-
                                      vicinity of transportation resources are likely to be                  nections to other sites are all valid ways in which a
                                      eligible for funding.                                                  historic project can meet the transportation link.
                                      . Native American art and sacred sites are fre-                       . te projects can be linked to broader commu-
                                      quently linked with transportation, because many of                    nity benefits such as tourism, downtown revital-
                                      the United States’ existing major roads were origi-                    ization, neighborhood preservation, housing reha-
                                      nally Native American trade and migration routes.                      bilitation, economic development, or recreational
                                      . There is frequently an opportunity to identify                      development — these are all intimately related to a
                                      and include a te activity as part of a transportation                  community’s transportation network.
                                                                                                             . Don’t overlook the fact that historic structures
                                                                                                             that contribute to the walkability of a community
                                                                                                             have an obvious transportation link.
H I S T O R I C P R E S E R VAT I O N A N D WA L K A B L E                                                   . Enhancement projects may be adjacent to or
COMMUNITIES                                                                                                  prominently visible from the transportation system;
Walking is increasingly recognized as important local surface transportation. The physical ap-               that is, they may be in the area served by the sys-
pearance of walkways and their ease of use contribute to their more frequent use. However, pedes-            tem and located in a way that significantly en-
trians are highly sensitive to the walking environment, and tend to avoid unsightly or boarded-up            hances the transportation experience.
buildings. People will reroute deliberately to avoid unsafe blocks and those with too many derelict          . Projects may meet the relationship to surface
or abandoned properties. Attractive, safe, pedestrian-scaled, and lively building façades contribute         transportation by meeting a safety need, such as
directly to the use of the sidewalks. Restoration of historic building façades can assure the full benefits   traffic calming, clearer signage, safer access to a his-
of a streetscape project, including increased pedestrian access and economic reinvestment.                   toric or scenic site, or better traveler orientation


24                                                                                                                                                      OV E RV I E W
through maps and other information available at          . A historic site and structure may enhance com-
visitors’centers.                                        munity livability and quality of life features of a
. The fact that historic structures had been or are    transportation corridor by contributing directly to
subject to Federal environmental or historic impact      the aesthetics of the corridor.
review may indicate a relationship to transporta-        . The transportation relationship may exist in the
tion, and bears further exploration.                     present or it may have existed in the past.
. Historic structures are often important features
of scenic and historic corridors.




W H E R E            W E       C A N          G O       F R O M          H E R E




Transportation enhancement activities are a small        character of an area and then build its preservation      “ONE OF THE GREATEST

part of the overall Federal transportation program       and protection into the project.
                                                                                                                   CHALLENGES THE HIGHWAY
in terms of funds. However, te activities stand             Language from the  te guidance by fhwa
among the important initiatives of the last decade       clarifies the desirability and complexity of strong        COMMUNITY FACES IS

that could move the Nation into a new golden age         relationships among transportation, historic preser-
                                                                                                                   PROVIDING SAFE, EFFICIENT
of transportation. TE funding offers project spon-       vation, community quality, corridor-oriented aes-
sors, local and State governments, and citizens a po-    thetic improvements, and local economic develop-          TRANSPORTATION SERVICE

tential proving ground and incubator for new             ment: “Federal transportation policy. . .continues to
                                                                                                                   THAT CONSERVES, AND EVEN
philosophies and approaches to integrating trans-        stress mobility, protection of the human and natural
portation facilities into communities. By encourag-      environment, and community preservation, sus-             ENHANCES THE ENVIRON-

ing partnerships among planners, engineers, archi-       tainability, and livability” (statement of policy, page
                                                                                                                   MENTAL, SCENIC, HISTORIC,
tects, and designers, the transportation enhancement     ). According to the memorandum that accompa-
provision could forge lasting ties in communities        nied the interim guidance, the te activities funding      AND COMMUNITY

that in turn can help them to preserve or recreate       “has helped to redevelop struggling communities,
                                                                                                                   RESOURCES THAT ARE SO
the sweeping vistas, dramatic gateways, and im-          beautify gateways to cities, preserve historic trans-
pressive art and architecture which were second na-      portation facilities, and contribute to the rebirth of    VITAL TO OUR WAY OF LIFE.”

ture in many of the great public works projects of       positive citizen views of many State and local trans-
                                                                                                                   — JANE F. GARVEY, FORMER
the past.                                                portation organizations.”
   fhwa’s publication, Flexibility in Highway Design        The  project profiles that follow provide ex-         DEPUTY FEDERAL HIGHWAY

provides many ideas for incorporating amenities and      amples of how communities have used te funding
                                                                                                                   ADMINISTRATOR
aesthetics into transportation corridors in ways that    to celebrate their diversity and regional significance
enhance both community benefits and traveler ex-          from coast to coast. Some projects are large-scale,
perience. The discussion of flexibility in that pub-      others are quite modest, but all show imagination and
lication invites planners and designers to assess the    a vigorous commitment to the past and the future.


OV E RV I E W                                                                                                                              25
                                 S T. J A M E S H O T E L
                                                                 S E L M A ,                 A L A B A M A


                                 A V E N E R A B L E R I V E R F R O N T I N S T I T U T I O N R E I N V I G O R AT E S A C O M M U N I T Y.


                                 During the th century, the St. James Hotel (built              War to Civil Rights” history. The hotel historic
                                 ) played host to steamboat travelers along the               district is a key element in plans for the new
                                 Alabama River and was an important Civil War                     Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights Trail. From
                                 site, housing both Confederate officers and Fed-                  the hotel, the visitor gains a view of the Pettus
                                 eral troops at different times during the war. Dur-              Bridge, made famous by Dr. Martin Luther King
                                 ing this century, however, the only remaining an-                on his historic March to Montgomery for civil
                                 tebellum hotel in the southeastern States had fallen             rights. The hotel and its immediate environs are
                                 on hard times. Abandoned, neglected, and unable                  listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
                                 to attract private developers, the hotel nonetheless                 From  to , State te funds were pivotal
                                 inspired the city of Selma — a Main Street com-                  in helping the city of Selma secure a future for the
                                 munity since — to take a chance on its future.               St. James Hotel, restoring it to its historical, trans-
                                 The city sought to acquire and rehabilitate the                  portation-related use as a stopover for travelers.
                                 property to provide downtown hotel space for the                 The hotel is a critical element in the Selma’s efforts
                                 increase in visitors attracted to Selma’s rich “Civil            to reinvigorate its riverfront. Although the State
                                                                                                  didn’t fund the project through its completion, the
                                                                                                  city drew on many other sources to finish the pro-
                                                                                                  ject. The initial investment of te funds generated
T E AC T I V I T Y               PHASE III: $900,000             INTO THE PROJECT. WHEN A         local revenues and renewed community pride in
HISTORIC PRESERVATION            LOCAL MATCH: $4.85 MIL-         $200,000 SHORTFALL WAS           an important piece of Selma’s history.
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D        LION FROM A VARIETY OF          IDENTIFIED, THE NATIONAL         PA RT N E R S H I P The project was sponsored by a
THREE PHASES AWARDED             SOURCES, INCLUDING THE          TRUST PROVIDED A $150,000        one-of-a-kind public-private partnership that in-
FUNDS IN 1993, 1994, AND         CITY OF SELMA, ALABAMA          LOAN FROM THE NATIONAL           cluded government, local community members,
1995. PHASE IV APPLICATION       DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC          PRESERVATION LOAN FUND           and private investors. A Selma Downtown Rede-
WAS REJECTED IN 1996             AND COMMUNITY AFFAIRS,          C O N TAC T                      velopment Authority was created by the City
COMPLETED                        ALABAMA HISTORICAL COM-         ELIZABETH DRIGGERS,              Council to oversee and supervise the project. Pri-
1997                             MISSION, U.S. DEPARTMENT        DIRECTOR, CITY OF SELMA          vate investors formed a Limited Liability Company
FINANCING                        OF HOUSING AND URBAN            DEPARTMENT OF COMMU-             (llc) to support the project. After the project was
SPONSOR: CITY OF SELMA           DEVELOPMENT, AND U.S. DE-       NITY DEVELOPMENT                 completed, the city entered into a long-term lease
TOTAL PROJECT COST:              PARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.        TELEPHONE: 334-874-2111          agreement with the llc to maintain the hotel. A
$6 MILLION                       PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS           E-MAIL:                          steering committee for the project met weekly,
TRANSPORTATION EN-               ACCOUNTED FOR $800,000          CITYOFSELMA2@ZEBRA.NET           and more than , community members in this
HANCEMENT FUNDS: PHASE           IN FUNDS, AND PRIVATE IN-       WEB SITE: WWW.OLCG.COM           city of , were involved in the -year plan-
I: $100,000 PHASE II: $150,000   VESTORS PUT $1.55 MILLION                                        ning process that culminated in the hotel’s ribbon-


26                                                                                                                                       CASE EXAMPLES
cutting in . The community pitched in to re-          C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T “The community re-        T H E S T. J A M E S H OT E L I N

search and find period furnishings for the hotel,          ally feels like it owns this project,” according to   S E L M A , A L A BA M A B E F O R E

and volunteers spent hours measuring and placing          Elizabeth Driggers, director of community devel-      A N D A F T E R R E S TO R A -

furniture in the hotel’s  rooms. All in all, the city   opment for Selma. The hotel is typically  per-      TION WITH TR ANS-

raised , from private citizens alone, the sin-     cent occupied and has generated , each year     PO RTAT I O N E N H A N C E -

gle largest fundraising effort in the history of          in lodging tax revenues. The community holds          M E N T F U N D S . P H OTO S :

Selma, larger even than the annual United Way             many events at the hotel, from class reunions to      CIT Y OF SELMA

appeal.                                                   fundraising events. The hotel construction pro-
   The city stayed in constant contact with the Al-       vided  jobs and the completed hotel perma-
abama State Historic Preservation Office as well as        nently employs  community residents. The city
the Alabama Department of Transportation to               put new sidewalks, lighting, and other improve-
make sure that the renovation followed all applic-        ments in place around the hotel, and is seeking ad-
able guidelines. When it became clear that te funds       jacent land for an expansion.
would not be approved to complete the project,               The hotel’s renovation has sparked the revital-
Selma sought and obtained funds from numerous             ization of Water Street, and nearby buildings are
State and Federal agencies, including the Depart-         being renovated to house tourism-related services
ment of Housing and Urban Development and                 and businesses. A large antique mall is located a
the U.S. Department of Agriculture; a ,            block away because of tourist traffic from the ho-
loan from the National Trust for Historic Preser-         tel. A Main Street redevelopment plan is under-
vation, and private funds from several sources, to        way for the area. A new post office is under con-
finish work.                                               struction in the historic district.


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                     27
                             C R E A M E R S F I E L D M I G R AT O RY
                             F OW L R E F U G E
                                                        F A I R B A N K S ,               A L A S K A


                             A MUCH-NEEDED REPRIEVE FOR A TREASURED COMMUNITY L ANDMARK.


                                                                                   With their cathedral-like interiors and links to
                                                                                   Alaska’s goldrush history, the dairy barns at Cream-
                                                                                   ers Field Migratory Fowl Refuge — a national
                                                                                   wildlife area on a busy four-lane road to Fair-
                                                                                   banks — have endured  harsh northern winters
                                                                                   as beloved community landmarks. As the archi-
                                                                                   tectural focal point of the site, the two barns were
                                                                                   listed on the National Register in . Now the
                                                                                   buildings are the only remaining examples of a
                                                                                   once-thriving industry that took hold during the
                                                                                   th century, when an influx of prospectors fueled
                                                                                   rapid settlement of the Alaskan Territory. The re-
                                                                                   gion’s climate has taken a toll on the structures,
                                                                                   however. Serious water damage and structural in-
                                                                                   stability threatened to topple the barns within a
                                                                                   matter of years. Funds were needed immediately
                                                                                   to stabilize the structures as the first step toward
                                                                                   improving visitor access to the refuge.
                                                                                       In  the Alaska Department of Fish and
T E AC T I V I T Y           DEPARTMENT OF FISH         DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND     Game obtained te funds to improve visitor access
HISTORIC PRESERVATION        AND GAME                   GAME; PHASE II: $100,000   to the site, including pedestrian access, construc-
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D    TOTAL PROJECT COST:        FROM THE ALASKA DEPART-    tion of parking areas, and interpretive and viewing
PHASE I: 1993 PHASE II:      PHASE I: $1 MILLION,       MENT OF FISH AND GAME      points on the refuge. Phase II of the project focuses
INITIALLY APPROVED IN 1995   PHASE II: $750,000         C O N TAC T                on rehabilitating the historic barns to eventually
BUT RESCINDED.               (PROJECTED)                JOHN WRIGHT, WILDLIFE      house interpretive exhibits on the natural and hu-
REINSTATED 1998              TRANSPORTATION EN-         BIOLOGIST                  man history of the site. The work is expected to
COMPLETED                    HANCEMENT FUNDS:           ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF       be completed by the summer of .
PHASE I: 1995                PHASE I: $800,000,         FISH AND GAME              PA R T N E R S H I P The project reflects years of
PHASE II: 2001               PHASE II: $400,000         TELEPHONE: 907-459-7292    public participation in developing a concept for
FINANCING                    LOCAL MATCH: PHASE I:      E-MAIL: JWRIGHT@           preserving the barns and increasing visitor access
PROJECT SPONSOR: ALASKA      $200,000 FROM THE ALASKA   FISHGAME.STATE.AK.US       to the refuge. The Alaska Department of Fish and


28                                                                                                                    CASE EXAMPLES
Game was the lead partner in creating an interpre-           Greater Fairbanks Chamber of Commerce en-                  O P PO S I T E :

tive master plan in September , a refuge man-            dorsed the project.                                        T H E H I S TO R I C DA I RY

agement plan in , and the Fairbanks Facilities           C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T Creamers Refuge is a           BA R N S AT C R E A M E R S

Plan in , which includes an element on the               peerless national wildlife area, attracting , vis-    R E F U G E I N FA I R BA N K S ,

management of historic structures at the site.               itors each year. It is also a valuable recreational area   AL ASK A ENHANCE THE

Significant players in developing and carrying out            for local residents and an educational resource for        V I S UA L E X P E R I E N C E O F

these plans include the Friends of Creamer’s Field,          , area schoolchildren annually. As the largest in-     T R AV E L E R S , A N D R E S TO R -

Alaska Craftsman Home Program, local trade                   dividually operated dairy in Alaska and the north-         AT I O N I S P R E S E RV I N G

unions, local businesses, individual volunteers from         ernmost dairy in the world, Creamer’s Dairy is a           T H E A E S T H E T I C F E AT U R E S

the community, Tanana/Yukon Historical Society,              large part of what makes Fairbanks a special place to      OF THE L ANDCAPE.

Ducks Unlimited, and The Arctic Audubon Soci-                visit and to live. Even before work has been com-          P H OTO : TA N A N A - Y U KO N

ety. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S.             pleted, the project has already contributed to the lo-     H I S TO R I C A L S O C I E T Y

Environmental Protection Agency have also sup-               cal and to the State economy. The improved access
ported work to create interpretive exhibits and ed-          made possible with Phase I funding has increased
ucational materials for use on site and in local             visitation by at least  percent. A new hotel was
schools. The National Trust for Historic Preser-             constructed near the refuge since the project began,
vation and Friends of Creamer’s Field funded a               and tourists staying there and elsewhere in Fairbanks
site inspection and report on the barns, and the             have increased dramatically.



F R I S C O PA R K A N D T R A I L
                              R O G E R S ,               A R K A N S A S


T R A I L A N D PA R K E N L I V E N S H I S T O R I C D OW N T OW N .


Once upon a time, Rogers (pop. ,) was the              T E AC T I V I T I E S          FINANCING                   AMENITIES OUTSIDE THE

hub of northwestern Arkansas’s booming apple in-            PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR     PROJECT SPONSORS: MAIN      SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

dustry. The apple blight of the s wiped out the         PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES;       STREET ROGERS, CITY OF      C O N TAC T

region’s orchards and many livelihoods, as well as          LANDSCAPING AND OTHER           ROGERS PARKS DEPARTMENT     JIM WELCH

a way of life. But Arkansans are resilient: tourism         SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION           TOTAL PROJECT COST:         CITY OF ROGERS PARKS AND

and light industry have taken root in place of the          P R O J E C T AWA R D E D       $428,513, TRANSPORTATION    RECREATION DEPARTMENT

orchards as the economic engines of one of the              1997                            ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:          TELEPHONE: 501-631-0336

United States’ fastest-growing regions. The qual-           COMPLETED                       $262,560                    E-MAIL:

ity of life, low taxes, beautiful scenery, and supe-        1998                            LOCAL MATCH: $80,862 PLUS   JWELCH@ROGERSARK.ORG

rior labor market in this part of Arkansas are at-
tracting businesses such as Beckard Steel and ibm.
   “Rogers has survived well through depressed
times because of its diverse economy,” says Jim


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                               29
                                      Welch of the Rogers Parks and Recreation De-              The project was accomplished in less than two
                                      partment. In the late s, residential develop-      years from award to ribbon cutting. When the
                                      ment began creeping outward and the local popu-        construction of two footbridges threatened to de-
                                      lation swelled (today the population is double that    lay the project because of State requirements, the
                                      of ). Residents of Rogers realized that their      city and State worked together to remove these
                                      downtown was somehow missing out on the ac-            items from the scope of work being supported by
                                      tion, and organized the Rogers Main Street Pro-        te funds. Then Rogers found volunteer support
T H E A N N UA L F R I S C O          gram to bring excitement and investment back to        and alternative funding for the bridges, both to
F E S T I VA L C E L E B R AT E S     the town center.                                       save project costs and to expedite the project’s
MAIN STREET IN ROGERS,                    Rogers was also an important transportation        completion.
A R K A N S A S . P H OTO : C I T Y   link, first as a water stop on the old Butterfield          The town also added electrical connections to
O F R O G E R S PA R K S A N D        Stage Route, later as a stop on the Frisco Railroad,   period-style lightpoles so that vendors could be ac-
R E C R E AT I O N D E PART M E N T   which served apple growers taking their product        commodated downtown. All of the downtown’s
                                      to market. Now owned by the Arkansas-Missouri          sidewalks have been redone, and many of the streets
                                      Railroad, the route is still used for freight. Over    are refaced in brick. “We have a historic atmosphere
                                      the years, the railyards began to be used as ad hoc    we have worked very hard to keep,” says Welch.
                                      and rather unsightly parking lots for downtown            “Without the enhancement funds, it would
                                      employees and customers. In , Main Street          have taken four, five, six years to raise the funds
                                      Rogers and the Rogers Parks Department started         and get the project off the ground,” according to
                                      to work on a public park on the site of the yards,     Welch. The project funds paid for design, con-
                                      that would be linked to the historic downtown          struction, and development of trail as well as in-
                                      by a walking path. The finished project includes        terpretive signage.
                                      public restrooms, a covered picnic pavilion, a         C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T S Downtown Rogers
                                      playground, landscaping and street furniture. The      now boasts seven restaurants where there were
                                       ⁄-mile trail connects downtown Rogers to Lake       only two before. The new park and trail are a
                                      Atalanta Park and features Frisco Springs, the wa-     significant draw for users of the downtown. New
                                      ter source for early steam engines.                    businesses are locating in existing historic buildings
                                      PA R T N E R S H I P The city and downtown mer-        along Main Street. The trail provides opportuni-
                                      chants association had already collaborated to pur-    ties for school field trips on Roger’s railroad his-
                                      chase the property from the local railroad in .    tory and the importance of water sources for steam
                                      Rogers Main Street found out about the te fund-        engines.
                                      ing and approached Parks and Recreation to co-            The park itself has come to be a kind of town
                                      sponsor the project. The te funding was the first       square and features recreational programming such
                                      funding for the park, and it shaped the project.       as concerts, nature walks, Fourth of July celebra-
                                      Significant partners included Downtown is Up-           tions, and dances. Downtown workers use the park
                                      town Business Association, Rogers Noon Rotary          every day for lunching and relaxing. Attendance at
                                      Club, the City of Rogers Street Department,            the annual parade through Frisco Park has doubled
                                      Rogers Water and Sewer Commission, Rogers Re-          since the trail opened.
                                      cycling Center, Rogers Youth Center Board, Wal-
                                      Mart Supercenter, and individuals.


30                                                                                                                               CASE EXAMPLES
S A N F R A N C I S C O F E R RY T E R M I N A L
                              S A N          F R A N C I S C O ,             C A L I F O R N I A


N E W S E A L E G S F O R A B E L OV E D M A R I T I M E L A N D M A R K .


Ask a San Franciscan to name a favorite landmark,                                                  P H OTO : S A N F R A N C I S C O

and the Ferry Depot Building is likely to be the                                                   F E R RY T E R M I N A L , C . 1960 .

answer. Uniting one of the city’s most breathtak-                                                  L I B R A RY O F C O N G R E S S ,

ing views of the San Francisco Bay with graceful                                                   P R I N T S A N D P H OTO -

Beaux Arts design, the  building has enjoyed                                                   GR APHS DIVISION, HIS-

renewed attention since the earthquake of ,                                                    TO R I C A M E R I C A N B U I L D -

when the elevated Embarcadero Freeway nearly                                                       I N G S U RV E Y ( H A B S , C A L ,

fell and was subsequently demolished. The now-                                                     38 - S A N F R A , 78 - 1 )

unobstructed view of the bay, crowned by the
building’s -foot clock tower, seems to symbol-
ize the city’s new commitment to increasing pas-
senger access to Berkeley, Oakland, Vallejo, and
Alameda via the bay.
   Listed on the National Register of Historic
Places, the depot is also a National Historic Civil
Engineering Landmark. It has survived two major
quakes. In December , the city chose a devel-
oper to rehabilitate the depot in accordance with
the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards. The new
facility will include a market highlighting the Bay
Area’s finest foods and produce. The project goal
is to restore the grand passenger concourse and
construct a new depot area, compatible with the
old depot’s historic character, that will help mod-
ernize the depot and increase access to ferry trans-
port for the city’s residents and visitors.
PA R T N E R S H I P The project is a large-scale part-
nership between the Port of San Francisco and Wil-
son Cornerstone, the developer. The port needed
to bring in a private developer to make the project
work economically, yet it needed the enhancement
funds to carry out the planning necessary to attract
high-quality private development proposals.


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                       31
         The port will move from the Ferry Building to            a historic preservation aspect,” says Paul Osmund-
     a newly renovated Pier  building next door, also            son, director of planning and development for the
     listed on the National Register, the renovation of           Port of San Francisco.
     which was a  million Federal rehabilitation tax
     credit project.
     COMMUNITY IMPACT The decision not to re-
     build the Embarcadero freeway sparked tremen-
     dous growth in the area, which has been helped
     along by the highly visible ferry renovation pro-
     ject. Numerous historic preservation projects are
     recently completed or underway, and new busi-
     nesses are locating in former ferry sheds and boat
     slips along the waterfront, including restaurants
     and class A office buildings, as well as construction
     of the new headquarters for the Gap. A farmer’s
     market and small local businesses have become a
     significant presence on the Embarcadero. The 
     million investment of te funds helped the Port of
     San Francisco attract a developer who will invest
      million in restoring the depot inside and
     out, making it a showcase property along the re-
     developed waterfront. “The Pier  project went
     through no public opposition, because it had such




     T E AC T I V I T I E S          FINANCING                    AND A CONNECTION            ADMINISTRATION, $0.5

     HISTORIC PRESERVATION;          PROJECT SPONSOR: CITY OF     BETWEEN THE TERMINAL        MILLION AND MANY HOURS

     REHABILITATION AND OPERA-       SAN FRANCISCO, TOTAL PRO-    AND A LIGHT RAIL            OF STAFF TIME FROM PORT

     TION OF HISTORIC TRANS-         JECT COST: $17.5 MILLION     CONCOURSE                   OF SAN FRANCISCO

     PORTATION BUILDINGS,            TRANSPORTATION ENHANCE-      LOCAL MATCH: $8.5 MILLION   C O N TAC T

     STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES       MENT FUNDS: $1 MILLION       FROM THE CALIFORNIA DE-     ALEC S. BASH, AICP, PORT

     P R O J E C T AWA R D E D       FOR PHASE I (ENVIRONMEN-     PARTMENT OF TRANSPORTA-     OF SAN FRANCISCO FERRY

     PHASE I: 1994, PHASE II: 2000   TAL REVIEW AND CONCEP-       TION, $3 MILLION FROM       BUILDING

     C O M P L E T E D PHASE I:      TUAL DESIGN FOR FERRY        FHWA SECTION 1064 FUNDS     TELEPHONE: 415-274-0539

     1998, PHASE II: 2000            DEPOT HISTORIC REHABILITA-   FOR FERRYBOAT FACILITIES,   E-MAIL:

                                     TION). $1 MILLION FOR DE-    $1 MILLION FROM             ALEC_BASH@SFPORT.COM

                                     SIGN AND CONSTRUCTION        ISTEA STP, $2.5 MILLION     WEB SITE:

                                     OF WATERSIDE FACILITIES      FROM THE FEDERAL TRANSIT    WWW.SFPORT.COM




32                                                                                                      CASE EXAMPLES
V E N E T I A N C AU S E WAY
                                M I A M I ,              F L O R I D A


A B E AC H C O M M U N I T Y WO R K S W I T H T H E S TAT E T O B R E AT H E N E W L I F E
I N TO T H R E E H I S TO R I C B R I D G E S .


In  a handful of developers conceived of the            detours were taken in stride by citizens over the -
Venetian Way to connect mainland Miami with                 year rehabilitation process.
Miami Beach and six then-uninhabited islands                   fdot also maintained a dialogue with the Coast
along the way. Today this elegant series of bridges         Guard, for which the height of the existing
is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.      bridges and safety concerns were an issue. The re-
The span serves a lively residential population, so         habilitated bridges eventually received Coast
lively that the Florida Department of Transporta-           Guard approval because the agencies were able to
tion (fdot) proposed closing the bridges to traffic          reach consensus on acceptable design parameters.
and building a new four-lane causeway to serve              C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The project has saved
commuters and tourists. The Miami Beach and                 one of the Nation’s longest fixed concrete spans, a
Venetian Islands communities fought to preserve             resource named among the  most important
the Art Deco Venetian Way, and after numerous               scenic byways by Scenic America in . fdot’s
community meetings fdot agreed to sponsor a te              commitment to the project, supported by thor-
project to preserve and stabilize the bridges. Funds        ough engineering studies, demonstrated the via-
were use to replace failed concrete segments and            bility of rehabilitating a historic span to current
period lighting fixtures. In August, citizens spon-          safety standards.
sored a celebration to mark the bridges’ reopening
after six years of hard work on the State’s part and
patience on the part of the community.
PA R T N E R S H I P fdot met several times with            T E AC T I V I T I E S       COMPLETED                   $15.6 MILLION, STATE MATCH:

residents along the causeway to discuss their needs         HISTORIC PRESERVATION;       1999                        $3.9 MILLION IN SUPPLEMEN-

and issues, and designated a citizen liaison at the         REHABILITATION AND OPER-     FINANCING                   TAL FUNDS FROM THE FDOT

dot during the reconstruction of the bridges. fdot          ATION OF HISTORIC TRANS-     PROJECT SPONSOR: FLORIDA    C O N TAC T

hired a preservation-oriented engineering firm rec-          PORTATION BUILDINGS,         DEPARTMENT OF TRANS-        BRIAN RICK, PUBLIC

ommended by the Venetian Causeway Neighbor-                 STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES    PORTATION (FDOT)            INFORMATION OFFICER,

hood Alliance, a citizens group that led the protest        P R O J E C T AWA R D E D    TOTAL PROJECT COST: $19.5   FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF

against razing the causeway. A citizens advisory            1993 (SIX PHASES THROUGH     MILLION, TRANSPORTATION     TRANSPORTATION

committee and active public information campaign            1999)                        ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:          TELEPHONE: 305-470-5349

kept residents informed about the project’s progress.
This open-handed approach met with great good-
will in the community, and unavoidable delays and


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                  33
                             DA R I E N T R A I L H E A D C E N T E R
                                                             D A R I E N ,              G E O R G I A


                             O L D R O O M I N G H O U S E I S N E W T R A I L H E A D A N D V I S I TO R S C E N T E R .


                             Located on the banks of the Darien River, the city            trail information and visitor amenities such as rest-
                             of Darien is at the juncture of Scenic Coastal                rooms, construct a school bus shelter, and set aside
                             Highway , Interstate , and Highway . In                 space for a historic transportation museum in the
                             , the city broke ground for the Darien Pedes-             center.
                             trian Trail, an element in a plan for a completely            PA R T N E R S H I P The McIntosh County Cham-
                             intermodal local transportation system.                       ber of Commerce and County Development
                                A modest two-story Georgian home in down-                  Authority spearheaded the public-private partner-
                             town Darien, just off Route  and part of the West           ship to create and maintain the trail and trailhead
                             Darien Riverfront Historic District (a National               center. The project was fully endorsed by the
                             Register nominee), is being renovated as a trailhead          McIntosh County Board of Education as an im-
                             center for bicyclists, hikers, and waterway travelers         portant community resource for area schoolchild-
                             along the trail and river. The new center will be the         ren and a safe transportation route and bus waiting
                             only such facility along the Georgia Coast between            area.
                             South Carolina and the Florida State line. During             C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The trail and trail head
                             the late s the building housed travelers and              center projects help fulfill the McIntosh County
                             transient workers, and at the turn of the th cen-           Master Plan, “Gateway to Coastal Georgia: Con-
                             tury it was a breakfast spot for local sportsmen.             necting the Coast.” Plans for the trail have been
                                te funds are being used to restore the center and          used as a model for other trail plans.
                             equip it with bike racks, create a rest area, provide            The project has aided local governments and
                                                                                           citizen committees in McIntosh County in their ef-
                                                                                           forts to be designated a Georgia Better Hometown
                                                                                           Community. The center serves as a community
T E AC T I V I T I E S       P R O J E C T AWA R D E D       LOCAL MATCH: $242,275         hub, providing a direct link between the trail and
ACQUISITION OF SCENIC        PHASE I: 1991, PHASE II: 1998   FROM THE CITY OF DARIEN,      downtown shopping and other transportation op-
EASEMENTS AND SCENIC OR      COMPLETED                       MCINTOSH COUNTY CHAM-         portunities, as well as local churches, historic sites,
HISTORIC SITES, HISTORIC     1999                            BER OF COMMERCE, AND          and parks. It is jointly maintained and staffed by the
PRESERVATION, PROVISION OF   FINANCING                       MCINTOSH COUNTY DEVEL-        Chamber of Commerce and trained volunteers.
FACILITIES FOR PEDESTRIANS   PROJECT SPONSOR: CITY           OPMENT AUTHORITY

AND BICYCLES, SCENIC OR      OF DARIEN                       C O N TAC T

HISTORIC HIGHWAY PRO-        TOTAL PROJECT COST:             DOROTHY W. GOOGE, CITY        T H E DA R I E N T R A I L H E A D C E N T E R C R OW N S A N E W 4 - M I L E

GRAMS (INCLUDING THE PRO-    $1,211,375                      CLERK, CITY OF DARIEN         T R A I L T H AT W E LC O M E S H I K E R S , B I CYC L I S T S , P E D E S T R I -

VISION OF TOURIST AND        TRANSPORTATION ENHANCE-         TELEPHONE 912-437-6686        A N S , A N D M OTO R I S T S TO T H I S S C E N I C C OA S TA L TOW N .

WELCOME CENTER FACILITIES)   MENT FUNDS: $969,100                                          P H OTO : D O R OT H Y G O O G E




34                                                                                                                                                    CASE EXAMPLES
L I B E RT Y H E R I TAG E T R A I L
                                 L I B E R T Y                  C O U N T Y ,                      G E O R G I A


S E L F - G U I D E D D R I V I N G T O U R L E T S V I S I T O R S E X P L O R E G E O R G I A ’ S H E R I TAG E .


In  the Liberty County Development Author-                     activists in turn trained , individuals in voter
ity completed the first phase of a modest but ele-                  registration and nonviolent social change.
gant tourism project, a self-guided driving tour                   PA R T N E R S H I P The Liberty County Develop-
linking historic districts along some of the nation’s              ment Authority worked closely with the town of
oldest roads. The Liberty Heritage Trail consists of               Hinesville and other local governments, along
two loops that originate from i- in coastal Geor-                with the staff of historic sites on the routes, to de-
gia, eventually returning the traveler to the main                 velop the driving trail concept. Local residents
highway.                                                           were involved in the planning of the project
   The goal of Phase I was identification of the                    through public meetings and personal interviews.
route with interpretive and directional signs, as                  The project has garnered ever-increasing public
well as pulloffs and parking at four key spots along               support and visibility. A proposed third phase con-
the route. Phase II involves identification of addi-                sists of construction of a trailhead facility that would
tional historic sites on the route; creation of more               serve as a point of departure for the trail and would
visitor parking, interpretive displays, and informa-               strengthen economic development in the area.
tion kiosks; construction of an on-road bicycle fa-                    Georgia’s coastal region contains many envi-
cility; and landscaping and pedestrian improve-                    ronmentally sensitive areas. To avoid triggering
ments in Hinesville, the Liberty County seat.                      additional review requirements, the trail’s planners
   Points of interest along the trail include Sun-                 worked closely with the Georgia Department of
bury, a colonial town site; Fort Morris, a post used
during the Revolutionary War; Midway Historic
District, which includes a museum of local history
and a historic church and cemetery; and sites illus-               T E AC T I V I T I E S            FINANCING                  LOCAL MATCH:

trating African American heritage, most notably                    HISTORIC PRESERVATION;            PROJECT SPONSOR: LIBERTY   LIBERTY COUNTY AND CITY

the Dorchester Academy Historic District. Dorch-                   SCENIC OR HISTORIC HIGH-          COUNTY DEVELOPMENT         OF HINESVILLE: $25,000 FOR

ester Academy was founded in the s as one of                   WAY PROGRAMS; PROVISION           AUTHORITY                  PHASE I. $200,000 FOR

the Nation’s first educational institutions for                     OF FACILITIES FOR PEDESTRI-       TOTAL PROJECT COST:        PHASE II

African American children. Although the acade-                     ANS AND BICYCLES; LAND-           $125,000 FOR PHASE I,      C O N TAC T

mic program ended in  when a public school                     SCAPING AND OTHER SCENIC          $1 MILLION FOR PHASE II    RONALD TOLLEY

was constructed nearby, the Dorchester Academy                     BEAUTIFICATION                    TRANSPORTATION             LIBERTY COUNTY DEVELOP-

became a focal point for the Civil Rights Move-                    P R O J E C T AWA R D E D         ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:         MENT AUTHORITY

ment. Between  and , the Southern                          PHASE I: 1993, PHASE II: 1998     $100,000 FOR PHASE I,      TELEPHONE: 912-368-3356

Christian Leadership Conference trained over                       COMPLETED                         $800,000 FOR PHASE II      E-MAIL:

, leaders and educators at the Academy. These                  PHASE I: 1995, PHASE II: 2000                                RTOLLEYLCDA@CLDS.NET




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                             35
                               Transportation (gdot) and with the State Historic                for compliance with Section  of the National
                               Preservation Office, the Georgia Historic Preser-                 Historic Preservation Act. hpd staff conduct site
                               vation Division (hpd). Both agencies have policies               visits as requested to expedite compliance.
                               in place to coordinate and expedite environmen-                  COMMUNITY IMPACT After the trail was estab-
                               tal review. gdot requires that contractors and con-              lished, tourist visits in Liberty County increased
                               sultants be pre-qualified, so most have experience                by  to  percent at selected sites along the
                               with a broad range of environmental compliance                   route. Businesses near the Midway Historic Dis-
                               issues. gdot and hpd have a cooperative agree-                   trict on the route’s western loop have seen in-
                               ment whereby gdot provides funding for hpd                       creased patronage.
                               staff positions dedicated to reviewing TE projects




                               TYBEE ISL AND LIGHTHOUSE
                                                                 T Y B E E                I S L A N D ,            G E O R G I A


                               G E O R G I A ’ S O L D E S T L I G H T H O U S E R E S T O R E D F O R AC T I V E U S E .


T E AC T I V I T I E S         TOTAL PROJECT COST:               $75,000 HAS BEEN OBTAINED      The / Tybee Island lighthouse has guided
HISTORIC PRESERVATION;         PHASE I: $470,000,                THROUGH A STATE LEGISLA-       travelers on the Savannah River and Georgia’s At-
REHABILITATION AND OPER-       PHASE II: $725,000                TIVE APPROPRIATION, AND        lantic Coast for two centuries. One of the original
ATION OF HISTORIC TRANS-       TRANSPORTATION EN-                $500,000 IS EXPECTED           eight colonial lighthouses in the United States, this
PORTATION BUILDINGS,           HANCEMENT FUNDS: PHASE            THROUGH LOCAL FUNDRAIS-        peerless treasure is also a symbol of local pride and
STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES      I: $250,000, PHASE II: $150,000   ING EFFORTS                    is one of only  lighthouses left in America that
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D      LOCAL MATCH: PHASE I:             C O N TAC T                    is wholly intact. Since  the lighthouse has
PHASE I: 1997 PHASE II: 1999   $105,000 STATE LEGISLATIVE        CULLEN CHAMBERS,               been Tybee Island’s only historic attraction and
COMPLETED                      APPROPRIATION, $67,000            DIRECTOR                       has brought thousands of visitors to the small
PHASE I: 1999 PHASE II: PRO-   FROM THE HARBOR LIGHTS            TYBEE ISLAND                   community.
POSED FOR COMPLETION BY        COLLECTORS SOCIETY,               HISTORICAL SOCIETY                The te funds were used in Phase I to restore the
2001                           $298,000 FROM LOCAL GOV-          TELEPHONE 912-786-5801         lighthouse. Phase II is an adaptive reuse of the
FINANCING                      ERNMENTS AND THE TYBEE            E-MAIL TYBEELH@BELL-           lighthouse keeper’s cottage as a museum. The mu-
PROJECT SPONSORS: CITY OF      HISTORICAL SOCIETY, IN-           SOUTH.NET                      seum features period furnishings and highlights of
TYBEE ISLAND WITH THE          CLUDING SOME IN-KIND              WEB SITE WWW.                  the family history of the Jacksons, lighthouse keep-
TYBEE HISTORICAL SOCIETY       CONTRIBUTIONS; PHASE II:          TYBEELIGHTHOUSE.ORG            ers at Tybee from  until . In  the U.S.
                                                                                                Coast Guard automated the operation of the light-
                                                                                                house. Two of the three surviving members of the
                                                                                                family have recorded oral histories for the museum
                                                                                                on videotape.


36                                                                                                                                 CASE EXAMPLES
PA RT N E R S H I P The primary mover of the pro-      a symbol of the community. One of the most im-
ject was the Tybee Historical Society, which col-      portant factors in increasing the resource’s visibil-
laborated with numerous other community groups         ity was changing its color back to the distinctive
to complete the lighthouse renovation. Partners in-    black-and-white combination used from  to
cluded the city of Tybee Island, Georgia State As-     . “The lighthouse is the most noticeable sym-
sembly, and the Harbor Lights Collectors Society,      bol of our community now,” says Chambers.
a national organization with an interest in light-
houses around the world. Outback Steakhouse has
been a national corporate sponsor of three major       T H E R E S TO R E D T Y B E E I S L A N D L I G H T H O U S E ( 17 73 ) C O N -

fundraising events for the lighthouse. Many indi-      T I N U E S TO G U I D E T R AV E L E R S , A S W E L L A S AT T R AC T I N G

viduals within this community of , — includ-       V I S I TO R S TO T H I S C OA S TA L G E O R G I A I S L A N D . P H OTO :

ing the Jackson family — have contributed volun-       CULLEN CHAMBERS

teer time and cash toward the restoration.
   Monthly articles in the local newspaper kept is-
land residents up to date on the project, along with
periodic mail-outs, press releases in the Savannah
Morning News, and notices on public access TV, as
well as public service announcements and speak-
ing engagements. An annual event on the island,
Tybee Day, is held on the lighthouse grounds.
C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The lighthouse will
continue guiding commercial and pleasure craft
between the Savannah River and the open sea
for years to come. It also guides revenue into the
community.
   “We are a tourist-based economy,” says Cullen
Chambers, director of the Historical Society and
the current lighthouse keeper. “The Tybee Island
lighthouse is one of only two facilities on the is-
land that cater to family recreation. We estimate
that , visitors toured the lighthouse and mu-
seum in , an increase of at least  percent
since .”
   The project’s high visibility has increased local
awareness and appreciation of an important part
of Georgia’s transportation history. Since the ren-
ovation, there has been a veritable explosion of
use of the lighthouse image in logos, business ma-
terials, advertisements, and even the city flag. The
Chamber of Commerce is using the lighthouse as


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                             37
                            RO S E H O T E L
                                                          E L I Z A B E T H T O W N ,                            I L L I N O I S


                            S TAT E ’ S O L D E S T H O T E L I S AG A I N O P E N T O T R AV E L E R S .


                            Located on State Route 146, a National Scenic                 breakfast through a collaborative effort of the Illi-
                            Byway, the historic Rose Hotel, a place of rest and           nois Department of Transportation and the Illinois
                            refreshment for weary river and road travelers                State Historic Preservation Agency. The historic
                            since 1812, has been restored for use as a bed and            hotel was built by James McFarlan, founder of
                                                                                          Elizabethtown and operator of the Elizabethtown
                                                                                          River Ferry. Until it closed its doors in , the
                                                                                          hotel was a landmark on the historic Ohio River
T E AC T I V I T Y          TOTAL PROJECT COST            C O N TAC T                     Steamboat route, serving travelers that reportedly
HISTORIC PRESERVATION       $1.8 MILLION                  TRACI SISK, SPECIAL PRO-        included Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain, and
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D   TRANSPORTATION EN-            GRAMS MANAGER                   many leading Illinois politicians.
1994                        HANCEMENT FUNDS:              ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF          C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T Now owned by the
COMPLETED                   $1.44 MILLION                 TRANSPORTATION                  State of Illinois, the reopened hotel has the poten-
1999                        LOCAL MATCH: $360,000         TELEPHONE: 217-785-9109         tial to attract , annual visitors to the banks
FINANCING                   FROM THE ILLINOIS STATE       E-MAIL:                         of the Ohio River. The renovation of this Na-
PROJECT SPONSOR             HISTORIC PRESERVATION         SISKTL@NT.DOT.STATE.IL.US       tional Register-listed site has created construction
ILLINOIS STATE HISTORIC     AGENCY                                                        and permanent jobs for local residents in this
PRESERVATION AGENCY                                                                       southern Illinois community.




                            PA D U C A H M A I N S T R E E T
                                                          P A D U C A H ,                   K E N T U C K Y


                            T H E AT R E ’ S A DA P T I V E R E U S E M A R R I E S PA S T A N D F U T U R E I N D OW N T OW N .


                            At the intersection of Interstate  with two ma-             ically to commercial river traffic in the Age of
                            jor U.S. highways, the Market House Theatre Na-               Steam. In recent years, many of the district’s most
                            tional Register Historic District in downtown Pa-             important buildings had fallen into disrepair, in-
                            ducah (population ,) also stands at the                  cluding some within the block-long Petter Supply
                            confluence of the Ohio and Tennessee rivers. The               Warehouse complex on nd Street, which histor-
                            district was once a bustling area that catered specif-        ically served commercial river craft.


38                                                                                                                           CASE EXAMPLES
   The Petter family, still active as industrial suppli-                                                         THE MARKET HOUSE

ers, owned a combination of contemporary ware-                                                                   T H E AT R E C O M P L E X I N

house space and historic th-century commercial                                                                 PA D U C A H , K E N T U C K Y

buildings, some of which had been condemned.                                                                     A F T E R R E S TO R AT I O N

The Petter family initially planned to make a gift                                                               W I T H T R A N S PO RTAT I O N

of three historic buildings to the Market House                                                                  ENHANCEMENT FUNDS.

Theatre, a local nonprofit community theatre,                                                                     P H OTO : R AY B L AC K &

while expanding the contemporary warehouse                                                                       SON, INC.

space across historic Maiden Alley. When it be-
came clear that the warehouse expansion was not
workable, the family deeded the buildings to the
theatre and relocated to an industrial park, leaving
the modern warehouse and an additional  his-
toric buildings vacant downtown.
   te funds were used to renovate and adaptively
reuse the three buildings to serve as apartments for
theatre staff, a new theatre, classroom and rehearsal
space, administrative and box office space, and cos-
tume storage. The renovation is the second-largest         applying for Community Development Block
single historic preservation project in Paducah and        Grants to restore the buildings. Following the
sparked numerous other projects, most notably the          Market House Theatre project, the former prop-
adaptive reuse of the contemporary warehouse and           erty owner sold the remaining buildings on the
a nine-building private renovation of other Petter’s       block to the city, which in turn made the buildings
Warehouse storefronts for mixed residential and            available for private development through a Re-
commercial use. The project has contributed to             quest for Proposals process.
the pedestrian scale and friendliness of the area.         C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The renovations are
PA R T N E R S H I P The Market House Theatre              part of a major comeback for the heart of this
took the lead in saving the three Petter’s Ware-           riverfront town, where the development of a
house buildings even before te funds became                suburban mall on the outskirts in the s cre-
available. In  the theatre spent , to sta-      ated many vacancies in downtown. Commercial
bilize the buildings, and provided all the matching
funds for the te project.
   The city of Paducah and Main Street Paducah
have both been active in efforts to save, restore,         T E AC T I V I T Y          FINANCING                 MATCH: $459,000 FROM THE

and adaptively reuse properties in the historic dis-       HISTORIC PRESERVATION       PROJECT SPONSOR CITY OF   MARKET HOUSE THEATRE

trict. However, without te funds and the involve-          P R O J E C T AWA R D E D   PADUCAH, TOTAL PROJECT    C O N TAC T

ment of the Market House Theatre, the city had             1995                        COST: $951,000 TRANS-     CHRIS BLACK, PARTNER

been unable to jumpstart major revitalization ef-          COMPLETED                   PORTATION ENHANCEMENT     RAY BLACK AND SON, INC.

forts downtown. Before the Market House rest-              1999                        FUNDS: $492,000, LOCAL    TELEPHONE: 270-443-3513

oration, the city had twice been unsuccessful in                                                                 E-MAIL: CJB@VCI.NET




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                     39
     vacancy rates are now only about  percent. The             vitalization has spun off a  te project, the
     combined projects have attracted  million in             restoration of the city’s oldest historic site, the
     total investment in downtown, and created  new            Louisville Branch Bank building, for use as the
     living units throughout the historic district.              new home of the River Heritage Museum.
        New businesses in the restored district include             Had the three Petter’s Warehouse buildings
     the Kirchoff Bakery project, a historic rehabilita-         been demolished, according to Bill Black, Jr.—
     tion of three buildings for use by a family bakery,         a partner in Ray Black and Son, Inc., which over-
     deli, and gourmet grocery store, as well as an up-          saw the Market House Theatre renovation —“it
     scale restaurant. The Kirchoff Bakery project in-           would have left a gap in downtown that would not
     cludes residential space upstairs, as do many of the        have healed.” Instead, the rehabilitation of these
     other historic rehabilitations downtown.                    historic, transportation-related structures inspired
        The city also found a partner to redevelop the           two private developers to purchase nine buildings
     contemporary portion of the Petter complex: Sea-            across historic Maiden Alley for renovation into
     men’s Church Institute, based in New York, has              retail space with living quarters upstairs. Down-
     created a Center for Maritime Education in the fa-          town living space will not only contribute to cre-
     cility, with two simulators to train riverboat pilots       ating a -hour downtown but also will help re-
     and captains, educational programming, and office            place  units of housing stock that have been
     space for a maritime law firm. The downtown re-              demolished in recent years.




     I O N I A AV E N U E B R I C K S T R E E T
     R E S T O R AT I O N
                                   G R A N D              R A P I D S ,              M I C H I G A N


     WA R M T H A N D C H A R AC T E R R E S T O R E D T O C I T Y S T R E E T S .


                                                                 The sound of horses’ hooves ringing against brick
                                                                 streets was once the definitive sound of the big
                                                                 city. Durable, attractive, and inexpensive in its
                                                                 time, brick lent to city streets their special charac-
                                                                 ter and charm. Today, the city of Grand Rapids is
                                                                 restoring its remaining brick streets to help save
                                                                 historic buildings, calm traffic, and attract invest-
                                                                 ment downtown, particularly in the National
                                                                 Register-listed Heartside Historic District.
                                                                    Transportation enhancement funding enabled
                                                                 Grand Rapids to support a brick-pavement preser-


40                                                                                                   CASE EXAMPLES
vation strategy through its Street Classification                                                                         R E S TO R E D B R I C K

Policy Plan. With more than  miles of city streets                                                                    STREETS SPURRED

to maintain, Grand Rapids could not afford to make                                                                       R E D E V E LO P M E N T I N T H E

this investment without te support. Over the past                                                                        H E A RT S I D E H I S TO R I C

four years, the city has painstakingly restored four                                                                     DISTRICT IN GR AND

streets in the district, including Ionia Avenue, the                                                                     R APIDS, MICHIGAN.

district’s main street. One block is restored each                                                                       P H OTO : J AY F OW L E R ,

year: the old bricks are removed and as many as                                                                          CIT Y OF GR AND R APIDS

possible are cleaned and salvaged. Underground
utilities are checked and repaired if necessary, and
the bricks are placed back into service, along with
new bricks that match as closely as possible.
PA RT N E R S H I P During the early phases the city
worked quite closely with local utility companies,
who took responsibility for repairing utility lines
and, where necessary, buried overhead lines un-         been made to spark revitalization in the district,
derground. Along Ionia Avenue, however, an is-          but before the brick-street preservation program
sue arose regarding the electric company’s re-          that began in , these efforts were to little avail.
sponsibility for sinking power lines beyond the         Since the restoration of the streets, however, pri-
boundaries set in  for such activity. The issue     vate renovations of historic commercial buildings
continues to be discussed. Although the electric        have kept pace block for block, including a 
company is willing to perform the work, it had not      million development at the third intersection. The
yet agreed to pay for it from its own budget.           State University established a downtown campus
   Both the Grand Valley Metropolitan Council           in Heartside, and a new public and sports arena was
(the mpo for the region) and the Michigan De-           constructed in the area.
partment of Transportation are very supportive of
efforts to revitalize downtown and create a pedes-
trian environment in the Heartside District. The
State DOT not only provided the te funding but          T E AC T I V I T I E S           FINANCING                       $542,283 PHASE II: $575,313

also planning funds for related pedestrian projects     HISTORIC PRESERVATION,           SPONSOR: CITY OF GRAND          PHASE III: $692,240 PHASE IV:

in the historic district and the city. As of August     LANDSCAPING AND OTHER            RAPIDS                          FIGURES NOT AVAILABLE

 the city and the State dot had begun work-         SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION            TOTAL PROJECT COST:             C O N TAC T

ing together to sponsor a design charrette and plan     P R O J E C T AWA R D E D        $2,356,000 (ALL FOUR            JAY FOWLER, AICP

pedestrian improvements along Division Street, the      PHASE I: 1994 PHASE II: 1995     PHASES)                         PLANNING

main commercial thoroughfare in Heartside.              PHASE III: 1998 PHASE IV: 1999   TRANSPORTATION EN-              DEPARTMENT/DOWNTOWN

C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The Heartside District      COMPLETED                        HANCEMENT FUNDS: PHASE I:       DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

contains more than  historic buildings, mostly        PHASE I: 1995 PHASE II: 1996     $146,717 PHASE II: $170,687     CITY OF GRAND RAPIDS

multi-story industrial lofts. For decades, these        PHASE III: 1999 PHASE IV:        PHASE III: $237,760 PHASE IV:   TELEPHONE: 616-456-3034

buildings have been underused or boarded up, and        SCHEDULED FOR 2000               FIGURES NOT AVAILABLE           E-MAIL: JFOWLER@

many had been neglected. Several attempts had                                            LOCAL MATCH PHASE I:            GRAND-RAPIDS.MI.US




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                              41
                             M I S S I S S I P P I C I V I L WA R T R A I L P RO J E C T
                                                            S TAT E                O F      M I S S I S S I P P I


                             T E F U N D S B O O S T L A R G E - S C A L E E F F O RT TO H O N O R P I VOTA L S I T E S I N C I V I L WA R H I S TO RY.


                                                                                             The Civil War Trail Project will create a statewide
                                                                                             network of routes and tourist and welcome cen-
                                                                                             ters to improve access to Mississippi’s most sig-
                                                                                             nificant Civil War sites.
                                                                                                 The multi-faceted project includes restoration
                                                                                             of the Corinth train depot as a new site for the
                                                                                             Northeast Mississippi Museum; creation of a bike/
                                                                                             pedestrian path along the route used by Union
                                                                                             troops during the Siege and Battle of Corinth; 
                                                                                             miles of pedestrian trails and interpretive signs
                                                                                             along the -acre Brice’s Crossroads Battlefield
                                                                                             (listed on the National Register); restoration of the
                                                                                             Coker House, one of only two extant structures on
                                                                                             the Champion Hill Battlefield, a National Historic
                                                                                             Landmark; and interpretive signage along several
                                                                                             Civil War driving tour routes in the State. Coker
                                                                                             and Shaifer Houses are both important historic sites
                                                                                             and contribute greatly to the travelers’s experience
T E AC T I V I T I E S       COMPLETED                      TE FUNDS: $5 MILLION             on the heritage trail.
HISTORIC PRESERVATION; RE-   VARIOUS COMPLETION             STATE MATCH: $1 MILLION IN       PA R T N E R S H I P The Mississippi Department of
HABILITATION AND OPERA-      DATES. PROJECTED COMPLE-       STATE-APPROPRIATED FUNDS         Archives and History and the Mississippi Civil War
TION OF HISTORIC TRANS-      TION DATE FOR ALL              TO THE DEPARTMENT OF             Battlefield Commission are collaborating partners
PORTATION BUILDINGS;         PROJECTS 2004                  ARCHIVES AND HISTORY             on the project. The commission is a Governor-
STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES,   FINANCING                      C O N TAC T                      appointed advisory group of historians and experts
SCENIC OR HISTORIC HIGH-     PROJECT SPONSORS:              JIM WOODRICK, PROJECT            in Civil War history. The Mississippi Department
WAY PROGRAMS (INCLUD-        MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF      MANAGER                          of Archives and History is administering the pro-
ING THE PROVISION OF         ARCHIVES AND HISTORY,          DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES           ject in collaboration with the numerous local
TOURIST AND WELCOME          MISSISSIPPI CIVIL WAR          AND HISTORY                      groups that will carry out construction and restora-
CENTER FACILITIES); PROVI-   BATTLEFIELD COMMISSION         TELEPHONE: 601-359-6940          tion work on the sites included in the trail.
SION OF FACILITIES FOR       TOTAL PROJECT COST:            E-MAIL:                          C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T “Civil War battlefields
PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES     $6 MILLION                     JWOOD@MDAH.STATE.MS.US           are among the most popular tourist attractions in
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D

1999




42                                                                                                                                 CASE EXAMPLES
the State,” according to Kenneth O. Williams,                Archives and History, “In awarding these funds to      O P PO S I T E PAG E :

chairman of the State’s Civil War Battlefield Com-            the Civil War Trail Project, the Federal govern-       H I S TO R I C S H A I F E R H O U S E

mission. “Using the Transportation Enhancement               ment, the Mississippi Transportation Commission,       ON THE MISSISSIPPI CIVIL

funds, we can make historically significant sites             and the Mississippi Legislature have made a major      WA R T R A I L . P H OTO : E R I C

such as the Corinth Battlefield and the Coker and             contribution to historic preservation and heritage     LO N G , A M E R I C A N BAT T L E -

Shaifer Houses more accessible to the public and             tourism in Mississippi.”                               F I E L D P R OT E C T I O N P R O -

protect them for future generations.” According to                                                                  G R A M , N AT I O N A L PA R K

Elbert R. Hilliard, director of the Department of                                                                   S E RV I C E




U N I O N S TAT I O N M U LT I - M O DA L
T R A N S P O RTAT I O N C E N T E R
                              M E R I D I A N ,                   M I S S I S S I P P I


T R A I N S TAT I O N I S T R A N S F O R M E D I N T O M U LT I - M O DA L T R A N S P O R TAT I O N
CENTER AND CITY EMBLEM.


An existing plan for a multi-modal transportation            Department of Archives and History, Norfolk
center and an established relationship with the State        Southern, Amtrak, Greyhound Bus Lines, Merid-
Department of Transportation put the city of Meri-           ian Transit Authority, numerous units of the city of
dian in a strong position to receive te funds for            Meridian, the Federal Highway Administration, and
renovation and reconstruction of the  Mission-           the Federal Railroad Administration. The city’s
style Union Station on Front Street. Now serving             community development department took the lead
Amtrak, city bus, and regional bus lines, as well as         in establishing clear lines of communications and
a downtown trolley loop and taxi service to the              timetables so that the many public and private part-
nearby airport, the Meridian Multimodal Center is            ners could stay abreast of the project requirements.
a transportation hub for this city of over ,               The local match was funded through Certificates
and an anchor for downtown revitalization. The               of Participation, a State-authorized mechanism
station houses the city offices of Main Street                that allows a city to lease a property from a non-
Meridian, the local chamber of commerce, Retiree             profit corporation. The nonprofit, in turn, sells the
Recruitment, the offices of Norfolk Southern                  shares of its lease to financial institutions.
Railroad, and a separate historic building set aside         C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The project has lever-
to house a railroad museum.                                  aged an additional investment of  million in the
PA R T N E R S H I P The project was complex and             historic Depot District, including office space, re-
involved many partners, including the Mississippi            tail, a data processing/computer training center,
Department of Transportation, the Mississippi                apartments, and a restaurant. The district is on its


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                        43
                                                                     way to becoming a -hour neighborhood, with
                                                                     additional apartment construction on Front Street
                                                                     and condominium projects in construction two
                                                                     blocks away.
                                                                        The station itself has space available for com-
                                                                     munity events such as business meetings, wed-
                                                                     dings, class reunions, parties, and receptions. Local
                                                                     citizens have purchased brick pavers for a special
                                                                     landscaped area at the station, and many of these
                                                                     pavers are dedicated to loved ones. In addition to
                                                                     being a center for community life, the station wel-
                                                                     comes visitors into an attractive and comfortable
                                                                     setting adjacent to a bustling downtown. The de-
                                                                     pot tower, which had been demolished but was re-
                                                                     constructed as part of the project, is a distinctive
                                                                     feature of Meridian’s skyline and reestablishes the
                                                                     city’s roots as a railroad town. The station tower is
                                                                     also the official logo of the Great American Station
                                                                     Foundation, a national nonprofit organization de-
                                                                     voted to preserving the Nation’s historic railroad
                                                                     stations for continued use.



                                                                     T H E R E N OVAT E D M E R I D I A N U N I O N S TAT I O N M U LT I - M O DA L

                                                                     T R A N S PO RTAT I O N C E N T E R I N M E R I D I A N , M I S S I S S I P P I .

                                                                     P H OTO : S H A R O N S M I T H




     T E AC T I V I T I E S          COMPLETED                       $2.5 MILLION                                     C O N TAC T

     HISTORIC PRESERVATION;          PHASE I: 1997, PHASE II: SUB-   LOCAL MATCH: $1.4 MILLION                        SHARON SMITH, UNION STA-

     REHABILITATION AND OPER-        STANTIALLY COMPLETED 1998       FROM THE CITY OF MERID-                          TION MANAGER/MAIN

     ATION OF HISTORIC TRANS-        FINANCING                       IAN, $2.6 MILLION IN SUP-                        STREET MANAGER

     PORTATION BUILDINGS,            PROJECT SPONSOR: CITY           PLEMENTAL FUNDS FROM                             CITY OF MERIDIAN

     STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES       OF MERIDIAN                     THE MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT                       TELEPHONE: 601-484-6841

     P R O J E C T AWA R D E D       TOTAL PROJECT COST:             OF TRANSPORTATION,                               E-MAIL: CITYHALL@

     PHASE I: 1993, PHASE II: 1995   $6.6 MILLION                    $431,000 FROM AMTRAK                             MERIDIANMS.ORG

                                     TRANSPORTATION                                                                   WEB SITE:

                                     ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:                                                               WWW.MERIDIAN.ORG




44                                                                                                                              CASE EXAMPLES
J O U R N A L S Q UA R E
                              J E R S E Y             C I T Y ,           N E W        J E R S E Y


F R O M TA X I S TA N D T O U R B A N O A S I S I N J U S T F I V E Y E A R S .




In the s, Journal Square in downtown Jersey               offered through-travelers were not well integrated    NEW PEDESTRIAN PL A ZA

City was promoted as a mecca for business, mere               with the buildings and streetscape in the area. Be-   A N D C E N T R A L F O U N TA I N

minutes from Manhattan. The square eventually                 ginning in the mid-s, even the transportation     AT J O U R N A L S Q UA R E I N

became the focal point for major transportation               benefits of this busy hub were eroded by traffic        J E R S E Y C I T Y, N E W J E R S E Y.

routes and transit systems in Hudson County.                  tie-ups, and disinvestment reduced the once-          R E N D E R I N G A B OV E A N D

These systems include the Port Authority Trans                booming retail core to an unsafe and unsightly        P H OTO O N PAG E 4 6 : J E R S E Y

Hudson (path) commuter rail system, which brings              melange of shabby sidewalks, empty storefronts,       C I T Y E C O N O M I C D E V E LO P -

nearly , commuters through the area each                 and pitted, crowded local streets.                    M E N T C O R PO R AT I O N

day, plus local bus lines and the new Hudson-                    In  the city government and private part-
Bergen Light Rail System.                                     ners set out to turn the downtown around with an
   Until recently, the square never quite succeeded           ambitious plan to create an attractive, walkable
as a destination in its own right. The very advan-            plaza and pedestrian amenities in Journal Square.
tages of convenient travel and connections that it            Through the city’s persistent efforts, , in


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                         45
                                 te funds was secured in  to supplement .          dertaken by the Journal Square Restoration Corpo-
                                 billion in local and private investment in the pro-      ration (jsrc). Formed in , jsrc is the private,
                                 ject. Transportation enhancement funds were              not-for-profit operating body of the Journal Square
                                 used specifically to create a new pedestrian plaza        Special Improvement District (sid). Its goal is the
                                 and central fountain on the square. The major re-        commercial renaissance of this once-vibrant busi-
                                 construction project also included new lighting,         ness and cultural center at the heart of Jersey City,
                                 street signs, brick-paved sidewalks, and landscap-       New Jersey’s second largest city. Major partners in-
                                 ing throughout the district.                             clude the Jersey City Economic Development
                                    Opened in , the square boasts numerous            Corporation, Jersey City Engineering, Port Au-
                                 historic rehabilitation projects, is the site of a       thority of New York and New Jersey, and the
                                 farmer’s market, and has attracted major employ-         New Jersey Urban Enterprise Zone Authority.
                                 ers and retailers back to Jersey City’s core. The re-    C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The te project was an
                                 vitalization has been the catalyst for total invest-     important element of a concerted effort to make
                                 ment of . billion in capital improvements to the      the square safer and more attractive. Burglaries and
                                 square’s public spaces, plus additional private in-      thefts from vehicles dropped by nearly  percent
                                 vestment in historic buildings and new facilities on     after revitalization began. Assaults and robberies
                                 previously vacant or underused lots.                     dropped by  percent during the two years of
                                 PA RT N E R S H I P Although Jersey City made the        most intensive revitalization activity. Graffiti has all
                                 application, primary project management was un-          but disappeared. Some  in  business tenants are
                                                                                          positive about the quality-of-life changes since the
                                                                                          special improvement district was initiated.
                                                                                             Recently renovated historic buildings include 
T E AC T I V I T I E S           FINANCING                    ING AND URBAN DEVELOP-      Journal Square, which houses the offices of the
PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE           PROJECT SPONSOR: JERSEY      MENT; $1 MILLION FROM THE   Trust Company of New Jersey; and the converted
FACILITIES; SCENIC OR HIS-       CITY DIVISION OF             PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW       Earle Hotel, now the site of a market-rental apart-
TORIC HIGHWAYS; LAND-            ENGINEERING                  YORK/NEW JERSEY; $1 MIL-    ment complex. Restoration of landmarked Loew’s
SCAPING AND SCENIC BEAU-         TOTAL PROJECT COST:          LION FROM THE REGIONAL      Jersey Theatre, which was underway before the
TIFICATION                       $7.6 MILLION                 TRANSPORTATION IMPROVE-     Journal Square project, was jeopardized by the
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D        TRANSPORTATION EN-           MENT PROGRAM                condition of the square in . Now the Art
PHASE I: NOT APPROVED FOR        HANCEMENT FUNDS:             C O N TAC T                 Deco theatre is being restored with the support of
ENHANCEMENT FUNDING,             $815,000                     BRIAN COLEMAN,              the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
PHASE II: 1997, PHASE III: NOT   LOCAL AND OTHER MATCH:       EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR             ADP, Inc., one of the Nation’s largest providers
APPLIED FOR                      $3.1 MILLION FROM JERSEY     JOURNAL SQUARE RESTORA-     of employer payroll services, set up offices at Journal
COMPLETED                        CITY; $497,000 FROM COM-     TION CORPORATION            Square in a newly constructed ,-square-foot
PHASE II: 1998 PHASE III: 1999   MUNITY DEVELOPMENT           TELEPHONE: 201-795-1854     facility. The square has attracted national and local
                                 BLOCK GRANTS; $1.175 MIL-    E-MAIL: BCJSQ@AOL.COM       retailers, and serves as the headquarters for Statewide
                                 LION IN URBAN ENTERPRISE     WEB SITE: WWW.THENEW        Savings Bank, Square Industries, and the county’s
                                 ZONE FUNDING FROM THE        JOURNALSQUARE.COM           daily newspaper of record, The Jersey Journal.
                                 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOUS-




46                                                                                                                             CASE EXAMPLES
C U LT U R A L C O R R I D O R S P RO J E C T
                                 S TAT E                  O F   N E W            M E X I C O


P U B L I C A R T O N H I S T O R I C H I G H WAY S P U T S S M A L L T OW N S O N T H E M A P.


Uniting the vision of local artists with the rich lo-
cal traditions of New Mexico’s small towns, Cul-
tural Corridors is using TE funding to celebrate the
communities along historic Route , “The Mother
Road,” (i-) and El Camino Real de Tierra Aden-
tro (i-), one of the oldest known roads in North
America.
   The project unifies geography and history at
several unique cultural “rest stops” along the
routes. Current sites include artwork in Gallup,
New Mexico that uses recycled building materials
from a demolished Harvey Hotel to pay homage




T E AC T I V I T Y               CULTURAL AFFAIRS               STATE/LOCAL MATCH: 25        " R OA D S I D E AT T R AC -         PA RT N E R S H I P O F T H E

LANDSCAPING AND OTHER            SIGNIFICANT PARTNERS:          PERCENT OF PLANNING AND      TION," A WHIMSICAL                   A RT I N P U B L I C P L AC E S

SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION            NEW MEXICO STATE HIGH-         DESIGN COSTS ARE PRO-        TA K E O N T H E A M E R I C A N     PROGR AM OF NEW MEX-

P R O J E C T AWA R D E D        WAY AND TRANSPORTATION         VIDED BY NM ARTS; OF CON-    T R AV E L E X P E R I E N C E I N   I C O A RT S , N E W M E X I C O

PHASE I: 1995, PHASE II: 1996,   DEPARTMENT (NMSHTD),           STRUCTION COSTS, 15 PER-     TUCUMCARI, NEW MEX-                  S TAT E H I G H WAY D E PA RT -

PHASE III: 2000 AND 2001         AND 13 COMMUNITIES             CENT MATCH IS PROVIDED       ICO. THE SCULPTURE                   M E N T, A N D T H E C I T Y

COMPLETED                        ALONG HISTORIC ROUTE 66        BY NM ARTS, AND 10 PER-      WA S C O M M I S S I O N E D I N     OF TUCUMCARI. SCULP-

PHASE I: FOUR PROJECTS           AND EL CAMINO REAL DE          CENT LOCAL MATCH RE-         19 97 BY C U LT U R A L C O R -      T U R E : TO M C O F F I N .

COMPLETED BY 1999. PHASE         TIERRA ADENTRO (I-25)          QUIRED FOR EACH ARTWORK      R I D O R S : P U B L I C A RT O N   P H OTO : N E W M E X I C O

II: FOUR MORE PROJECTS           TOTAL PROJECT COST:            C O N TAC T                  S C E N I C H I G H WAYS , A         A RT S

STARTED IN FALL 1999, TO BE      APPROXIMATELY $1.8 MILLION     CARLA SANDERS,

COMPLETED BY 2001. PHASE         TRANSPORTATION                 COORDINATOR

III: FIVE PROJECTS BEGAN         ENHANCEMENT FUNDING:           NEW MEXICO ARTS

IN 2000                          PHASE I: $375,000, PHASE II:   TELEPHONE: 505-827-6490 OR

FINANCING                        $430,000, PHASE III $104,000   1-800-879-4278

PROJECT SPONSOR: NEW             IN FISCAL YEAR 2000            E-MAIL: CSANDERS@

MEXICO ARTS, A DIVISION OF       AND $350,000 IN FISCAL         OCA.STATE.NM.US

THE OFFICE OF                    YEAR 2001




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                                     47
     to traditional and contemporary building styles            recent years the te project sponsors in New Mex-
     since the time of the Anasazi Indians; a plaza with        ico have been given more responsibility for such
     mineral springs and shade trees in Truth or Conse-         activity. According to Sanders, “Even though the
     quences, New Mexico; “Paso Por Aqui,” a steel              review process can be very slow, in theory I think
     arch that recalls the journey of many cultures into        it’s good for public arts projects because it forces
     New Mexico; “The Royal Road” which com-                    communities to really consider the environmental
     memorates travel along El Camino Real; and                 and cultural resources impact of a public art pro-
     “Roadside Attraction,” a whimsical take on the             ject on the sites they select.”
     American travel experience in Tucumcari, a tradi-          C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The projects that Cul-
     tional stop on Route .                                   tural Corridors made possible have influenced the
     PA R T N E R S H I P The te money was, until re-           aesthetic choices and economic strategies of the
     cently, reimbursed to nm Arts through the Local            towns with which they are associated. Roadside
     Government Assistance Bureau of the New Mexico             Attraction, a stylized monument to the automobile
     State Highway and Transportation Department                by artist Tom Coffin, has been attracting visitors
     (nmshtd). Each project is the result of work by a          to Tucumcari as they travel along old Route .
     local selection committee, comprised of residents          The City recently replaced its familiar “Tucum-
     and representatives of the nearby village, town, or        cari Tonight” billboards with photos of Roadside
     pueblo, and chaired by a local arts organization           Attraction. When Ramah artists Charlie Mallery
     representative. The committee is charged with se-          and Bob Hymer decided to use neon detailing on
     lecting a site, establishing project intent, and select-   their Gallup project, Paso Por Aqui, the Gallup
     ing a project artist or team.                              Beautification Department followed suit by adding
        In some cases local match has been much higher          neon sculptures to the adjacent sculpture park,
     than is required. In Albuquerque, New Mexico’s             completely transforming Gallup’s nighttime pres-
     largest city,  percent of the funds come from            ence. Efforts such as these directly affect how res-
     municipal public art monies. Once the artwork is           idents and visitors perceive a community.
     completed, it becomes the property of the munic-               Other efforts related to Cultural Corridors affect
     ipality in which it is located.                            how residents perceive their own town. Children
        Sites are usually on public right-of-way. In cases      in Las Cruces studied lifeways along the lower Rio
     where they aren’t, owners have deeded the land to          Grande Valley in connection with Tom Askman’s
     the city or town. “Land acquisition hasn’t come up         Royal Road, a series of life-size bronze vignettes
     as an issue,” says Sanders, “but I don’t think the         depicting inhabitants along the Camino Real. Lo-
     nmshtd would provide funds for acquisition. The            cals in Valencia County posed for Gallup artist Ar-
     enhancement money goes for planning, adminis-              mando Alvarez’s Puerta Del Sol, and the Valley
     tration, and construction.”                                Improvement Association has developed educa-
        Because the public art installations are treated        tional programming with Alvarez surrounding his
     like construction projects, they must go through           artwork at Tomé Hill, which is the centerpiece of
     environmental review. Until  nmshtd pro-               a ten-acre park at a historic site.
     vided sponsors with special technical assistance in
     processing the documentation of such reviews, in-
     cluding the categorical exclusions. However, in


48                                                                                                  CASE EXAMPLES
CORDELL MAIN STREET
                                C O R D E L L ,                  O K L A H O M A


I N O N E O F O K L A H O M A ’ S F I R S T M A I N S T R E E T C O M M U N I T I E S , A H I S TO R I C C O M M E R C I A L D I S T R I C T
I S R E A DY F O R T H E N E W M I L L E N I U M .


On any fine spring morning in downtown Cordell,
you’re likely to see dozens of school children plant-
ing flowers on Main Street. The clean and lively
streetscape is all part of a three-year transportation
enhancement project that left this once-struggling
downtown with new sidewalks, plantings, and re-
newed civic pride.
   It wasn’t always this way. During the mid-s,
residents of the small town of Cordell (population
,) watched in dismay as three local banks and
a savings and loan failed, taking  million in
community deposits with them. The community’s
response was to organize Main Street Cordell,
which by  had marshaled the energies of hun-
dreds of volunteers and a partnership with the city
government to attract almost  million in capital
improvements to its historic downtown.
   A pivotal part of the investment strategy was an
application for , in te funding, approved
in  by the Oklahoma Department of Trans-
portation (ok-dot). Funds have been focused on
the town square, a local historic district since 
and a National Register Historic district since .
PA R T N E R S H I P Major partners include Main                time of more than  students to help with plant-
Street, the City Council, the Cordell Chamber of                ings. Local elementary school children work rou-
Commerce, the Oklahoma Department of Trans-                     tinely with Main Street Cordell to help conduct
portation, and the Oklahoma Department of Cor-                  tours, maintain flower beds, and create coloring
rections, which detailed inmates to help with the               books that highlight the area.
landscaping.                                                       The project took place in conjunction with sev-
   The streetscape project relied on volunteer efforts          eral other large-scale downtown revitalization pro-
from the community, especially young people. The                jects, notably an adaptive reuse for the new police
Fellowship of Christian Athletes contributed the                headquarters, a movie palace renovation, a new


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                  49
                                       pocket park, and the privately financed . mil-        fiberoptics, and an underground watering system
                                       lion Florence House on the Square, a senior hous-        for trees and plantings have “made the square a
                                       ing project that made use of the Federal rehabili-       historic district that is ready for the st century,”
                                       tation tax credit.                                       says Lingle.
                                          Partners exchanged information and worked to-            The downtown now boasts  other private sec-
                                       gether on these projects. “The fact that all this hap-   tor projects made possible or inspired by the
                                       pened at the same time allowed us to think in            streetscape improvements. Overall, says Lingle,
                                       terms of ada compliance, electrical and water            there is now a higher standard of new construction
                                       hookups, and other amenities,” says Lingle, former       downtown. The improvements also led private
                                       executive director of Main Street Cordell. “You          property owners to remove the aluminum or tin
                                       could think comprehensively about the down-              coverings from historic buildings and restore their
                                       town, not just shotgun it.”                              original façades.
                                       C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T “The transportation             The city passed the resolution to carry out the
                                       enhancement project was the most important con-          project by a slim margin in . Since observing
                                       tribution to getting us going,” recalls Cordell          the effect of the project, the City Council has be-
                                       Mayor Phil Kliewer. The project represented the          come much more positive toward the project. The
T R A N S PO RTAT I O N E N -          city’s number one reinvestment priority, and its         transportation enhancement funds have also en-
H A N C E M E N T S I N D OW N -       success in attracting private investment dollar for      hanced the city’s national credibility, strengthen-
TOW N C O R D E L L , O K L A -        dollar in less than five years gave the community a       ing its ability to win a half dozen additional historic
H O M A I N C LU D E D                 much-needed shot in the arm after the devastating        preservation grants. Cordell Main Street won a
L ANDSCAPING AND                       setback of economic collapse in the s.               Great America Main Street Award in .
DR AINAGE IMPROVEMENTS                    The te funding for tree plantings, flowerbeds,            A local contractor bid successfully on the street-
N E A R T H E H I S TO R I C           trash cans, and historically appropriate streetlights    scape project. Trash receptacles, fencing, benches
C O U N T Y C O U RT H O U S E .       gave the Town leadership the opportunity to re-          were manufactured locally. “We kept almost all the
LO C A L S C H O O L S T U -           think the aesthetics and functionality of its down-      money in town, which I felt was important in a
DENTS PL ANT AND MAIN-                 town historic district. Working with the local           small community,” says Lingle. Businesses stayed
TA I N M A N Y O F T H E T R E E       utility companies, the city rerouted power lines         open throughout the project, and customers con-
B OX E S O N M A I N S T R E E T.      underground and rebuilt sewer and water lines            tinued to patronize them. Now, says Lingle, “I think
P H OTO S : M E L I N DA L I N G L E   to current standards. New electrical conductors,         we are headed toward a -hour downtown.”




                                       T E AC T I V I T I E S        COMPLETED                  $1 MILLION                    C O N TAC T

                                       PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR   1997                       TRANSPORTATION EN-            EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

                                       PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES,     FINANCING                  HANCEMENT FUNDS:              MAIN STREET CORDELL

                                       LANDSCAPING AND OTHER         SPONSORS: CITY OF          $800,000                      TELEPHONE: 580-832-5888

                                       SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION         CORDELL AND MAIN STREET    LOCAL MATCH: $200,000 IN A    E-MAIL: CORDELL@OKLA-

                                       P R O J E C T AWA R D E D     CORDELL, A 501(C)(3)       COMBINATION OF CITY           HOMA.NET

                                       1995                          ORGANIZATION               FUNDING AND IN-KIND           WEB SITE:

                                                                     TOTAL PROJECT COST:        LABOR                         WWW.CORDELL-OK.NET




50                                                                                                                                   CASE EXAMPLES
F O R B E S ROA D
                             L I G O N I E R ,                 P E N N S Y L VA N I A


T H E W E S T WA R D J O U R N E Y S O F T H E 18 T H C E N T U RY B R O U G H T T O L I F E .


In  the British army under General John Forbes          school students featuring the history of overland
cut and paved a military road in Westmoreland               transportation, with a special emphasis on the
County, using the ancient Raystown trading path             French and Indian War and Pontiac’s uprising
first established by Native Americans. A chain of            ( – ).
forts, the final one being the National Register-            PA R T N E R S H I P Fort Ligonier’s use of the funds   T H E F O R B E S R OA D E D U -

listed Fort Ligonier, was built along what came to          will give prominence to its existing role as a nexus    C AT I O N A L P R O J E C T AT

be known as Forbes Road. The road helped open               of historical partnerships, tourist promotion, her-     F O RT L I G O N I E R , P E N N -

the door to westward expansion, aided in the es-            itage and economic development. The Fort is a           S Y LVA N I A W I L L F E AT U R E

tablishment and commercial growth of Pittsburgh,            signature site of the Lincoln Highway Heritage          RECONSTRUCTIONS OF

and for  years served as a principal artery to            Park (Pennsylvania Heritage Parks Program) which        PERIOD VEHICLES USED

Pittsburgh and the Ohio River Valley. Today Fort            extends from Fort Ligonier  miles east to            DURING THE FRENCH

Ligonier is a public museum with the world’s most           Chambersburg. Designated as an information cen-         A N D I N D I A N WA R .

extensive archaeological collection from the                ter on the nine-county historical “Path of Pro-         SOURCE: JOHN MILLER;

French and Indian War. Traces of the original               gress” (Allegheny Heritage Development Corpo-           A T R E AT I S E O F A R -

Forbes roadbed traverse the grounds of the fort.            ration), Fort Ligonier is also a popular stop on the    T I L L E RY 178 0 ; M U S E U M

    The Forbes Road Project was established to cre-         “Trail of History” administered by the Pennsylva-       R E S TO R AT I O N S E RV I C E ,

ate one of the Nation’s most notable sites for the          nia Historical and Museum Commission (phmc).            B LO O M F I E L D , O N TA R I O ,

interpretation of overland transportation history of        The trail links Fort Ligonier to Bushy Run Bat-         C A N A DA

the th century. When completed, the archaeo-
logical excavation of the historic roadbed and
restoration of a -foot section of the road will
offer visitors to the fort a tangible exhibit on the
history of the adjacent Lincoln Highway (U.S. )
and the nearby Pennsylvania Turnpike. The pro-
ject will highlight the history of the many diverse
people and cultures who used the road to travel
from eastern Pennsylvania to points west in search
of a better way of life and more opportunities.
    The project includes research, design, and con-
struction of roadside informational panels; recon-
structions of period vehicles; and the development
of educational programming that will include a
curriculum package for elementary and secondary


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                            51
                              tlefield in Westmoreland County and Fort Pitt                 Necessity National Battlefield, the National Road
                              Museum in Pittsburgh. Fort Ligonier is the north-            Scenic Byway, and the National Road State Her-
                              ern terminus of the Laurel Highlands Scenic Byway            itage Park.
                              (National Scenic Byways and Keystone Byways                     The Fort Ligonier Association belongs to the
                              Programs), connecting it with Frank Lloyd Wright’s           War for Empire Consortium, established in 
                              Fallingwater  miles to the south, and with Fort            as a Federal-State-nonprofit collaboration to un-
                                                                                           dertake joint ticketing/discount programs at mem-
                                                                                           ber sites, cooperative publications and publicity, and
                                                                                           conjoined curriculum development. The other
T E AC T I V I T I E S        FOR PHASES II AND III WILL    ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:             members are Bushy Run Battlefield (Pennsylvania
HISTORIC PRESERVATION; RE-    BE SUBMITTED IN SUBSE-        $100,000 (PHASE I)             History and Museum Commission), Fort Necessity
HABILITATION AND OPERA-       QUENT YEARS                   LOCAL MATCH: $66,666 FROM      (National Park Service site), Fort Pitt (phmc), and
TION OF HISTORIC TRANS-       COMPLETED                     THE FORT LIGONIER              Braddock’s Field (run by a private nonprofit).
PORTATION BUILDINGS,          PHASE I: ANTICIPATED FOR      ASSOCIATION                    C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T Current attendance at
STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES;    2001                          C O N TAC T                    the site averages , a year. The project is ex-
ARCHAEOLOGICAL PLAN-          FINANCING                     MARTIN WEST                    pected to increase visits, especially by school chil-
NING AND RESEARCH; ES-        PROJECT SPONSOR: FORT         FORT LIGONIER ASSOCIATION      dren, to increase repeat visits, and to stimulate
TABLISHMENT OF TRANS-         LIGONIER ASSOCIATION          TELEPHONE: 724-238-9701        tourism in general in the eastern section of West-
PORTATION MUSEUMS             TOTAL PROJECT COST:           E-MAIL: FTLIG@WESTOL.COM       moreland County. The project is expected to stim-
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D     $500,000 (IN THREE PHASES)    WEB SITE:                      ulate additional visitor services and amenities in the
PHASE I: 2000. APPLICATIONS   TRANSPORTATION                WWW.FTLIGONIER.ORG             region, as well as increased staff at Fort Ligonier.




                              L E H I G H C A N A L PA R K
                                                            WA L N U T P O R T, P E N N S Y LVA N I A


                              R E V I V I N G O L D C A N A L LO C K I S K E Y TO C O M M U N I T Y P R I D E .


                              For over  years, the Lehigh Canal helped shape            Association has turned an initial commitment of
                              industry and human settlement in northeastern                , into an investment of more than ,
                              Pennsylvania. From  until it ceased operation            toward preserving the National Register-listed
                              in , the waterway carried millions of tons of            Lehigh Canal Park. The park is a public recreation
                              coal east to Philadelphia and New York. Today,               area that features a -mile segment of the Lehigh
                              sweat equity and widespread partnerships have                Canal and towpath along with over  acres of land
                              demonstrated that the canal’s heyday as an eco-              on the Lehigh River. An especially significant ele-
                              nomic engine may be far from over. In the past               ment of this segment of the canal is the  lock-
                              five years, the all-volunteer Walnutport Canal                tender’s house museum, which the Walnutport


52                                                                                                                             CASE EXAMPLES
Canal Association restored in  and which at-        PA R T N E R S H I P The Walnutport Canal Associ-
tracts hundreds of visitors to Walnutport (pop.         ation, a volunteer group of  members, was in-
,) each year. The project falls within the          strumental in seeing the project through to             SEGMENT OF LEHIGH

Delaware and Lehigh Navigational Canal National         fruition. The association is also involved in long-     CANAL AFTER COMPLE-

Heritage Corridor and State Heritage Park.              term maintenance. The borough of Walnutport             TION OF THE PROJECT

   Transportation enhancement funds were used to        owns the parkland and has taken on liability for the    I N 19 98 A N D D U R I N G T E -

restore Canal Lock . An additional , was       site. The Walnutport Authority, the borough’s wa-       F U N D E D R E S TO R AT I O N

used to purchase . acres of land, create a visitor   ter authority, stepped forward as applicant when a      I N 19 94 . P H OTO S :

parking lot, and develop interpretive signage.          municipal agency needed to apply; the authority         WA L N U T PO RT C A N A L

   “Walnutport Canal is the crown jewel of the          also contributed funds. The landscaping firm of          A S S O C I AT I O N

Delaware and Lehigh National Heritage Corridor,”        Spotts, Stevens and McCoy donated time and ma-
says Tom Gettings of the Lehigh River Foundation.       terials to developing plans and proposals for the
“The commitment of the volunteers there has been        canal lock restoration, and was the fulcrum of
unbelievable.” The canal is part of a proposed -     statewide fundraising efforts over the four-year life
mile D&L Trail that will one day extend from            of the project.
Wilkes-Barre to Bristol and is expected to be a cor-       “We sort of built a house of cards as we went
nerstone of local economic revitalization efforts       along,” recalls Karen Williamson of Spotts, Stevens
and regional cultural tourism initiatives.              and McCoy. “We would apply for funds for one


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                     53
                              part of the project, then wait for another agency’s      imbursement of funds. As of , because the
                              funding cycle to try to leverage the funds we’d just     Walnutport Authority was still waiting for reim-
                              secured. If you are going to make the most of your       bursement from penndot, the authority was pay-
                              resources you’ve got to be willing to have the time      ing interest of  a month and had to put ,
                              frame for that to happen. We got to know the             on a note to pay the contractor. penndot has since
                              funders and built a relationship with them, and we       changed its reimbursement process so that it can
                              were honest from the beginning and kept them up          pay  percent of project costs up front to a spon-
                              to date.”                                                sor, reserving  percent to pay at the end of the
                                 The Pennsylvania Department of Transporta-            project.
                              tion (penndot) shouldered much of the adminis-           C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T Since the restored canal
                              trative burden for environmental review of the           lock was dedicated in October , the Walnut-
                              project, and helped cut through bureaucratic red         port Canal Association has attracted an additional
                              tape. However, the project was completed before          , in community development funds and
                              PennDOT began any streamlining measures for re-          will benefit from a portion of a , grant
                                                                                       given to the Delaware and Lehigh Canal Heritage
                                                                                       Corridor by the Pennsylvania Heritage Program.
                                                                                       Bigger plans are afoot for the public park, includ-
T E AC T I V I T I E S        TRANSPORTATION EN-          PENNDOT; $27,000 FROM THE    ing a public pavilion, a mule barn and visitors’
HISTORIC PRESERVATION;        HANCEMENT FUNDS: $46,400    PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT      center, restoration of Lock , landscaping, and in-
PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR   FOR LOCK RESTORATION        OF CONSERVATION AND          terior restoration to the historic locktender’s house
PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES      LOCAL MATCH: $11,600 WAL-   NATURAL RESOURCES            near Lock .
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D     NUTPORT CANAL ASSOCIA-      C O N TAC T                     In addition to its historic and economic value,
1994                          TION; $53,000 PENNSYLVA-    EVERETT F. KAUL, PRESIDENT   the canal provides a habitat for trout and a seasonal
COMPLETED                     NIA HISTORICAL AND          WALNUTPORT CANAL             home for Canada geese and other wildlife. The re-
1998                          MUSEUM COMMISSION;          ASSOCIATION                  stored lock has aided the canal in continuing its
FINANCING                     $37,000 PENNSYLVANIA        TELEPHONE 610-767-5817       important function as a sediment basin, providing
PROJECT SPONSORS:             DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVA-     KAREN WILLIAMSON,            a safe place for stormwater flow and a flood break
WALNUTPORT CANAL ASSO-        TION AND NATURAL            LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT          for the Lehigh River.
CIATION, IN COOPERATION       RESOURCES; $7,050           SPOTTS, STEVENS AND             The Walnutport Canal Association sponsors
WITH THE WALNUTPORT           NATIONAL PARK SERVICE;      MCCOY, INC.                  two festivals a year at Lock , and Walnutport is
AUTHORITY AND THE BOR-        $17,100 PRIVATE FOUNDA-     TELEPHONE: 610-433-4188      one of four communities offering overnight ac-
OUGH OF WALNUTPORT            TIONS, COMPANIES, AND IN-   E-MAIL:                      commodations for the thousands of travelers who
TOTAL PROJECT COST:           DIVIDUALS; $17,500 ADDI-    KAREN.WILLIAMSON@            seek recreation along the Lehigh River each year.
$216,650                      TIONAL FUNDS FROM           SSMGROUP.COM.                Visitors to the park can tour the house, view the
                                                                                       restored lock, canoe or fish along the river, or
                                                                                       walk or bike along the towpath. The project is ex-
                                                                                       pected to stabilize the borough’s historic core at a
                                                                                       time when suburban growth in Walnutport is
                                                                                       picking up rapidly.



54                                                                                                                        CASE EXAMPLES
G R E AT ROA D
                                L I N C O L N ,                  R H O D E                  I S L A N D


B U I L D I N G S S AV E D A N D S TA B I L I Z E D A L O N G R H O D E I S L A N D ’ S O L D E S T R O A D .


The National Register-listed Great Road in Rhode                between the mill and parking area at Chase Farm,            B E LOW L E F T : E L E A Z E R

Island (designated Scenic Route ) is the oldest              about  yards away.                                       ARNOLD HOUSE ON THE

road in the Blackstone River Valley, a designated                  The te funds complement the Town’s earlier ef-           G R E AT R OA D N E A R L I N -

National Heritage Corridor. The road is a touch-                forts to preserve the route’s historic and scenic           COLN, RHODE ISL AND AS

stone of U.S. colonial history and a boon to state-             character, which had included purchase of farm-             I T A P P E A R E D I N 1941.

wide tourism efforts. The Town of Lincoln re-                   land and restoration and operation of the Hanaway           P H OTO : G E O R G E J . VA I L -

ceived TE funds to protect open space around the                Blacksmith Shop as a historic site. Enhancement             L A N C O U RT F O R T H E H I S -

Eleazer Arnold House (), improve pedestrian                 funds were used to purchase about five acres of              TO R I C A M E R I C A N B U I L D -

access to the property, and restore the exterior of             land to be restored to meadow around the Eleazer            I N G S U RV E Y. L I B R A RY O F

the  Moffitt Mill, a significant and highly vis-              Arnold House, which previously had been targeted            CONGRESS, PRINTS AND

ible historic landmark on the Great Road. Also in-              for a strip mall development. A walking trail will          P H OTO G R A P H S D I V I S I O N

cluded in the project is acquisition of Heartside               connect the restored meadowland to the town-                (HABS, RI, 4-LINC,7)

House (c.  -) for future preservation. Heart-             owned Chase Farm.
side is a Federal-style country house located on the               Significant partners in the te project include the
Great Road. The final component of the en-                       Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corri-
hancement project will be a pedestrian walkway                  dor Commission, which represents the interests of
                                                                Blackstone River Valley National Park Service
                                                                American Heritage Area; the State Historic Preser-
                                                                vation Office, and the town of Lincoln.




                                                                T E AC T I V I T I E S          OF LINCOLN                  EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR &

                                                                PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR     TOTAL PROJECT COST:         DEPUTY STATE HISTORIC

                                                                PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES,       $1,347,600                  PRESERVATION OFFICER

                                                                ACQUISITION OF SCENIC           TRANSPORTATION EN-          STATE OF RHODE ISLAND

                                                                EASEMENTS AND SCENIC OR         HANCEMENT FUNDS:            AND PROVIDENCE

                                                                HISTORIC SITES                  $1,077,600                  PLANTATIONS

                                                                A N T I C I PAT E D             LOCAL MATCH: $270,000 AD-   HISTORICAL PRESERVATION &

                                                                C O M P L E T I O N DAT E       DITIONAL FUNDS FROM         HERITAGE COMMISSION

                                                                2001                            RHODE ISLAND DOT            TELEPHONE: 401-222-2678

                                                                FINANCING                       C O N TAC T                 E-MAIL:

                                                                PROJECT SPONSOR: TOWN           EDWARD F. SANDERSON,        RIHPHC@DOA.STATE.RI.US




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                                 55
                            H I S T O R I C D OW N T OW N C O M M E RC I A L
                            A N D WA R E H O U S E D I S T R I C T
                                                           R A P I D                C I T Y ,       S O U T H              D A K O TA


                            T E F U N D S A I D C I T Y ’ S F I G H T AG A I N S T B L I G H T I N I T S H I S T O R I C D OW N T OW N .


                            Against great odds, Rapid city recently won an im-            project has made an important inroad in down-
                            portant skirmish in the battle to reverse decades of          town beautification, enhanced the pedestrian char-
                            downtown blight. Using te funds, the city took a              acter of Main Street, and demonstrated the power
                            unique approach to scenic beautification by tar-               of determination and public-private partnership in
                            geting the restoration of historic building façades           even the most difficult of circumstances.
                            to improve the pedestrian character of a commer-              PA R T N E R S H I P As part of its continuing efforts
                            cial route that is heavily traveled by cars.                  to preserve downtown, the Rapid City Historic
                               In  the State of South Dakota awarded the              Preservation Commission communicated with
                            city te funds to restore the landmark Swander’s               downtown property owners about preparing a
                            Grocery, a Richardsonian Romanesque commer-                   group application for te funds to beautify Main
                            cial building, along with the Black Hills Wholesale           Street through façade preservation. A total of 
                            Grocery Store on Main Street. Both buildings were             projects were chosen, with preference given to
                            privately owned, which caused community con-                  property owners who had fewer resources for
                            cerns about property rights and use of public funds           restoring their building façades and who were
                            to improve private properties. The community has              clearly willing to carry out restoration for the pub-
                            come to realize the public benefit of preserving               lic benefit, not just to further a business enterprise.
                            historic buildings along the city’s Main Street. The             A committee of  people was drawn from the
                                                                                          community to oversee the beautification project,
                                                                                          including architects, planners, and citizens. Few
                                                                                          members of the committee doubted the merit of
T E AC T I V I T I E S      TOTAL PROJECT COST:           FUTURE                          the project, but few believed it would be com-
LANDSCAPING AND OTHER       $210,000                      C O N TAC T                     pleted in the face of local concerns. The project
SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION;      TRANSPORTATION                PAUL S. SWEDLUND,               scope was reduced from  buildings to  to demon-
HISTORIC PRESERVATION       ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:            CHAIRMAN                        strate that the beautification could be done at all.
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D   $147,000                      RAPID CITY HISTORIC             The election of a new governor with different pri-
1995                        LOCAL MATCH: $63,000 IN       PRESERVATION COMMISSION         orities for the State te program prevented the re-
COMPLETED                   CASH FROM PRIVATE BUILD-      TELEPHONE: 605-342-1078         maining properties from securing funds.
1997                        ING OWNERS, WHO ALSO          E-MAIL: SWEDLUND@                  A key to the project’s completion was the will-
FINANCING                   WERE ASKED TO CON-            GPGNLAW.COM                     ingness of the property owners of the two build-
PROJECT SPONSOR: RAPID      TRIBUTE FAÇADE EASEMENTS                                      ings to provide  percent matching funds for
CITY HISTORIC PRESERVA-     PROTECTING THE BUILDINGS                                      restoring their historic façades. The owners of both
TION COMMISSION             FOR THE FORESEEABLE                                           properties agreed to façade easements to protect


56                                                                                                                              CASE EXAMPLES
the properties in perpetuity. Without private in-             project, have made the historic area more attrac-
volvement, the city would have been unable to                 tive and walkable and are prodding the downtown
match funds because community members would                   further toward total revitalization. New retail busi-
not have been supportive of a completely public               nesses have found a home in downtown Rapid
project in this case.                                         City, and there is increased trust on the part of cit-
C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T Because the scope of              izens in the public benefit of façade preservation
the project was small, there has been little obvious          and easements. In completing the project, Rapid
economic impact as a direct result. However, the              City has preserved two of the oldest and most his-
two TE-supported restorations, combined with                  torically significant structures in the Black Hills and
three major restorations that took place before the           South Dakota.




G E N E R A L WA I T H O U S E
                               WA I T S F I E L D ,                        V E R M O N T


M O D E R N V I S I T O R ’ S C E N T E R A N D C O M M U N I T Y L A N D M A R K F O R M A D R I V E R VA L L E Y.


The Mad River Valley in Vermont plays host to                 T E AC T I V I T I E S         OF WAITSFIELD AND WAITS-     C O N TAC T S

more than , visitors a day during peak tourist            HISTORIC PRESERVATION,         FIELD HISTORICAL SOCIETY     JULI BETH HOOVER,

seasons, and Route  carries , trips through           SCENIC OR HISTORIC HIGH-       TOTAL PROJECT COST:          EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

the valley each day. The town of Waitsfield, es-               WAY PROGRAMS (INCLUD-          $435,500                     MAD RIVER VALLEY PLAN-

tablished in  just north of the Green Moun-               ING THE PROVISION OF           TRANSPORTATION               NING DISTRICT

tains range, responded to the State’s need for a vis-         TOURIST AND WELCOME            ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:           TELEPHONE: 802-496-2218

itor’s center on Route  by applying for TE funds           CENTER FACILITIES), ACQUISI-   $200,000                     E-MAIL:

to renovate the General Wait house, a community               TION OF SCENIC EASEMENTS       LOCAL MATCH: $155,500        MRVPD@MADRIVER.COM

landmark that is listed on the National Register.             AND SCENIC OR HISTORIC         FROM THE TOWN OF WAITS-

The project, which was finished in just over a year,           SITES                          FIELD, $50,000 FROM WAITS-   WILLIAM BRYANT, TOWN

now stands as the State’s only staffed visitor’s cen-         P R O J E C T AWA R D E D      FIELD HISTORICAL SOCIETY,    ADMINISTRATOR

ter. The renovation included building a Vermont               1996                           $20,000 FROM VERMONT         TOWN OF WAITSFIELD

information kiosk, public parking, and the area’s             COMPLETED                      HOUSING AND CONSERVA-        TELEPHONE: 802-496-2218

only ada-accessible public bathrooms for visitors.            1997                           TION BOARD, $10,000 FROM     E-MAIL:

The center highlights the history of the Mad River            FINANCING                      PRESERVATION TRUST OF        WAITSFLD@MADRIVER.COM

Valley and acts as a northern gateway to this pop-            PROJECT SPONSORS: TOWN         VERMONT

ular tourist area.




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                       57
                                     The house benefits local residents by providing             complex that incorporates the center. Rental rev-
                                  the community with space for offices, meetings,                enue on the six offices in the building cover its op-
                                  and exhibits. The General Wait House also serves              erating expenses, ensuring that the project is self-
                                  as an anchor for the Town’s initiative to preserve            supporting.
                                  its historic district and construct a new municipal




                                  M A N C H E S T E R T OW N G R E E N
                                                                M A N C H E S T E R ,                         V E R M O N T


                                  F O R M E R C A R D E A L E R S H I P B E C O M E S T H E G R E E N H E A R T O F A M O U N TA I N C O M M U N I T Y.


                                                                                                In  the town of Manchester (pop. ,) real-
                                                                                                ized a long-held dream: to restore a village green
                                                                                                at the heart of downtown. The  death of a lo-
                                                                                                cal landowner made a former car dealership avail-
                                                                                                able for “undevelopment” into a park overlooking
                                                                                                the mill pond on the Batten Kill waterway. The
                                                                                                Town acquired the land and obtained TE funds from
MANCHESTER, VERMONT                                                                             the Vermont Agency of Transportation (vaot) to
TOW N G R E E N A F T E R                                                                       construct and landscape the .-acre green.
R E S TO R AT I O N . P H OTO :                                                                    The te-supported town green helps manage
LEE KROHN, AICP                                                                                 traffic through the historic downtown, which has
                                                                                                been under growing pressure from development
                                                                                                and through-travel on nearby historic Route a
                                                                                                and State Route /. In fact, local wits have
                                                                                                dubbed the intersection “Malfunction Junction”
                                                                                                because of vehicular snarls during fall foliage sea-
                                                                                                son. The new village green has made traffic pat-
                                                                                                terns more coherent through downtown, and has
                                                                                                made the area more inviting to pedestrians. The
                                                                                                project also is the first step toward creation of a lin-
                                                                                                ear park/greenway system that will be linked to
                                                                                                other greenways throughout Vermont.
                                                                                                   The town has envisioned a village green and
                                                                                                pedestrian improvements in every master plan it
                                                                                                has created in recent years, including the 
                                                                                                Townlift Plan and the  Manchester Town


58                                                                                                                                   CASE EXAMPLES
Plan. Most open space planning efforts concentrate      C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T S This parcel of land
on conserving land before development or on at-         had long been identified as the key piece of the
taching permit conditions on proposed develop-          puzzle that, when assembled, will create a linear
ments. This project reclaimed previously devel-         greenway along the famed Batten Kill and through-
oped land for public use. Once paved from street        out the highly developed downtown of Manches-
edge to the riverbank and contaminated with solid       ter. The project reduces traffic in two important
and hazardous wastes, the new green now serves as       ways: by protecting a key downtown parcel from
a community focal point and source of pride.            development, and by promoting walkability through
PA R T N E R S H I P The project enjoyed an ex-         aesthetic improvement. The land is now protected
tremely high level of public involvement and sup-       by a conservation easement.
port. Creating the green was the top recommenda-           Community events are held on the green, in-
tion of the  Downtown Planning Task Force,          cluding an annual holiday tree lighting. The town
was supported by the vast majority of respondents       has done street improvements since the establish-
to the Manchester Conservation Commission’s             ment of the green, and provided downtown
 community survey, and was supported by             amenities such as landscaping and benches over-
townspeople in two separate town meeting votes.         looking the nearby Batten Kill. “We have had a
Students from the Conway School of Landscape            strong focus in the last few years on making down-
Design facilitated public forums and created an         town more pedestrian friendly,” says Krohn.
overall plan; a more detailed master plan was drawn
by landscape architect Elizabeth Courtney.
   Numerous volunteers helped implement the
master plan for the green. The estate of the            T E AC T I V I T Y          SCOPE OF THE TE PROJECT     TO ACQUIRE THE LAND

landowner took care of clean-up of the site before      LANDSCAPING AND OTHER       TRANSPORTATION              BEFORE THE TE PROJECT

the town acquired it. When delays occurred in the       SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION       ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:          BEGAN, INCLUDING FUNDS

environmental review process, the town hired its        P R O J E C T AWA R D E D   $100,000                    FROM NEARLY 800 DONORS

Regional Planning Commission (rpc) to help carry        1995                        LOCAL MATCH: $2,000 FROM    WHO CONTRIBUTED FROM

out the review process. The staff planner at the        COMPLETED                   THE VERMONT URBAN AND       $5 TO $50,000

RPC is the transportation planner for the region,       1998                        COMMUNITY FORESTRY PRO-     C O N TAC T

and was familiar with community goals, State            FINANCING                   GRAM, AND APPROXIMATELY     LEE A. KROHN, AICP, PLAN-

transportation procedures, and State and Federal        PROJECT SPONSOR: TOWN       $25,000 FROM THE TOWN       NING DIRECTOR

requirements.                                           OF MANCHESTER               AND CITIZENS OF MANCHES-    TOWN OF MANCHESTER

   Midway through the project, the State changed        TOTAL PROJECT COST:         TER, INCLUDING IN-KIND      TELEPHONE: 802-362-4824

its position regarding the eligibility of acquisition   $1 MILLION, INCLUDING       CONTRIBUTIONS OF LABOR      E-MAIL:

costs as local match, and the town had to account       LAND ACQUISITION THAT       AND MATERIALS. IN ADDI-     VTPLANNER@SOVER.NET

for its match only in terms of work done toward         WAS NOT PART OF THE         TION, $750,000 WAS RAISED

creating the green. The town was able to count in-
kind services and materials toward part of the
match, but also had to supplement the project with
additional municipal funds.



CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                             59
                                     M O L LY B RO O K FA R M
                                                                   C A B O T ,                 V E R M O N T


                                     A LO N G A M A J O R H I G H WAY, A FA M I LY FA R M A N D H I S TO R I C L A N D S C A P E A R E P R E S E RV E D .




                                     Vermont’s renowned family dairy farms are not                the travel experience for motorists, bicyclists, and
                                     only historic national treasures, they are a vital part      pedestrians.
                                     of the State’s economy. Agriculture is the third-               Nestled among the rolling hills of one of Ver-
                                     largest sector of the economy — tourism is the               mont’s most picturesque scenic corridors, Molly
                                     largest — and the working landscape is the engine            Brook Farm comprises some  acres of prime
                                     of economic vitality, as well as a major tourist at-         grazing land, and is home to one of the Nation’s
M O L LY B R O O K FA R M I N        traction. Vermont has a longstanding tradition of            top  Jersey milking herds and stands of sugar
C A B OT, V E R M O N T. P H OTO :   preserving and protecting elements in the natural            maples that offer breathtaking views of turning
VERMONT L AND TRUST                  landscape and built environment that enhance                 foliage in the fall. Views of the farm have graced
calendars and magazines over the years. The core          Hannan. “Don’t assume they will automatically
building in the farm’s historic dairy barn complex        waive review for scenic easements, and be pre-
dates back to . Numerous other historic farm          pared to make arguments for a waiver.”
structures are still standing and in use on the prop-     C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The TE funding al-
erty. A significant wetland is also located on the site.   lowed vhcb to leverage its limited funds and help
   In , the Vermont Agency of Transportation          more family farmers and others obtain scenic ease-
(vaot) awarded , in transportation en-             ments. During a recent competitive round, only 
hancement funds to the Vermont Housing and                out of  applications were awarded vhcb funds,
Conservation Board (vhcb) for open space preser-          but from the  rejected applications, the Agricul-
vation. vhcb is a State organization established in       tural Advisory Committee selected several poten-
 to provide perpetually affordable housing and        tial te projects that could be approved subject to
conserve important agricultural and natural re-           funding availability. “The enhancement funds have
source lands. vhcb has used the funds to place con-       allowed us to set aside a couple of projects per
servation easements on five historic farms, includ-        round that otherwise would have been turned
ing Molly Brook Farm.                                     back or fallen by the wayside,” says Hannan.
PA R T N E R S H I P The Vermont Land Trust (vlt)            vhcb’s association with the vaot also led to a
was instrumental in carrying out the Molly Brook          potentially fruitful dialogue about access manage-
Farm easement, and the vlt and vhcb put up                ment on highways. “We are now sensitive to the ac-
equal shares of the match. These resources were           cess management issues to which vaot is devoting
critical to the successful completion of the ease-        attention,” says Paul Hannan. “I think they’d like to
ment because the appraisal approved by the vaot           collaborate with us to purchase farms and other land
was equal to only one-third of the original ap-           around interchanges to control development and
praisal value obtained by vhcb.                           access, and to work on designs that keep curbcuts to
   The discrepancy between appraisals was an issue        a minimum.
in three of the vhcb’s first five TE projects, accord-
ing to Paul W. Hannan, director of conservation
programs at vhcb. The organization found creative
solutions. In the case of Molly Brook Farm, vhcb          T E AC T I V I T Y           CONSERVATION BOARD          C O N TAC T

decided not to contest the lower appraisal but in-        ACQUISITION OF SCENIC        SIGNIFICANT PARTNER:        PAUL W. HANNAN, DIREC-

stead supplemented the , from vaot with             EASEMENTS AND SCENIC OR      VERMONT LAND TRUST          TOR OF CONSERVATION

other State and private funding. “Had vhcb been           HISTORIC SITES               TOTAL PROJECT COST:         PROGRAMS

dependent on actually receiving  percent of the         P R O J E C T AWA R D E D    $262,770                    VERMONT HOUSING AND

project costs from enhancement funding, the pro-          1996                         TRANSPORTATION EN-          CONSERVATION BOARD

ject could not have gone forward,” says Hannan.           COMPLETED                    HANCEMENT FUNDS: $81,000    TELEPHONE: 802-828-2117

   Lessons were also learned in how to comply             1997                         LOCAL MATCH: $90,085 FROM   E-MAIL: PHANNAN@

with NEPA environmental review and Section             FINANCING                    VERMONT HOUSING AND         VHCB.STATE.VT.US

historic preservation requirements. “We recom-            PROJECT SPONSOR:             CONSERVATION BOARD;         WEB SITE: WWW.VHCB.ORG

mend beginning discussions as soon as possible with       VERMONT HOUSING AND          $91,685 FROM PRIVATE

the relevant agencies to see what interpretation of                                    FOUNDATIONS

the statutes they anticipate adopting,” according to


CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                61
PROCTORSVILLE VILL AGE GREEN
                             C A V E N D I S H ,                      V E R M O N T


R E C L A I M I N G G R E E N S PAC E I N T H E H E A R T O F A S M A L L T OW N .


                              Flowering trees, a bus stop, sidewalks, and bike           The project enhances multi-modal connections
                              racks invite travelers through Cavendish, Vermont       through the community, where population swells
                              (population ,) to leave their cars behind and       on weekends in the fall and during skiing season.
                              explore the heart of this historic mountain town.       A bus shelter located across the street from the el-
                                 The Proctorsville Village Green sits on re-          derly housing enables residents and visitors to wait
                              claimed land in downtown Cavendish, the site of         under cover for a bus to take them to Chester, Lud-
                              a  fire that destroyed a th-century mill.          low, Okemo Mountain Resort, and Springfield.
                              Since the fire, little economic activity was left in     The town recently got Local Transportation Facil-
                              the village of Proctorsville, with the exception of     ities funds from the Vermont Agency of Trans-
                              a bakery, hairdresser, U.S. Post Office, and bottle      portation (vaot) to improve sidewalks in the vil-
                              redemption center.                                      lage of Proctorsville (located within the town of
                                 The village green project was the te-funded el-      Cavendish), and has future plans to build a bike path
                              ement in the town’s Proctorsville Revitalization        that will connect the village of Proctorsville with
                              Project (prp). The other major element was move-        the new Fletcher Fields Recreation Area and the
                              ment of a historic house to the village center and      trailhead for the soon-to-be constructed Calvin
                              renovation of the building into affordable apart-       Coolidge Bike and Recreation Greenway.
                              ment housing for elderly residents.




                             T E AC T I V I T I E S        FINANCING                  MUNITY DEVELOPMENT PRO-

                             LANDSCAPING AND OTHER         PROJECT SPONSOR: TOWN      GRAM; $17,154 PRIVATE IN-

                             SCENIC BEAUTIFICATION;        OF CAVENDISH               KIND SUPPORT

                             PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR   TOTAL PROJECT COST:        C O N TAC T

                             PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES      $145,804                   REBECCA BASCH, PLANNER

                             P R O J E C T AWA R D E D     TRANSPORTATION EN-         SOUTHERN WINDSOR

                             1997                          HANCEMENT FUNDS: $91,925   COUNTY REGIONAL PLAN-

                             COMPLETED                     LOCAL MATCH $24,754 FROM   NING COMMISSION

                             1998                          TOWN OF CAVENDISH;         TELEPHONE: 802-674-9201

                                                           $7,600 FROM VERMONT COM-   E-MAIL: RBASCH@SOVER.NET




62                                                                                                                        CASE EXAMPLES
PA R T N E R S H I P The vaot provided major sup-      the town the flexibility to reduce the project scope
port to the project through its TE funding. A Ver-     and obtain more accurate bids without the need
mont Community Development Program grant               for large change orders. State and Federal stream-
matched these funds and paid for landscaping and       lining of review and permitting also contributed to
sidewalks, as well as paving of roads and parking      the speed and efficiency in which the Proctorsville
areas. The town kept an eye out for special op-        Village Green project was completed.
portunities to make funds go farther. For example,     C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T From its beginning,
all trees for the project were purchased at a dis-     the Proctorsville Village Green project received
count and planted by volunteers. The bus shelter       widespread community support. Several public
was funded through a grant from Southeastern           meetings were held during the application pro-
Vermont Community Action (sevca), the trans-           cesses for the VCDP and Transportation Enhance-
portation provider for the region, with additional     ment funds. The support of community members,
financial assistance from the Cavendish Pointe Ho-      volunteers, local officials, businesses and regional
tel. The Garden Club donated funds and volun-          nonprofits was critical to the success of the Proc-
teer efforts to help plant shrubs and flowers in the    torsville Village Green project.
spring. Community groups, local businesses and            Shortly after construction began on the village
residents, and regional community development          green, two abandoned buildings owned by the
and housing organizations also contributed time        town were renovated and leased to small manu-
and labor throughout the design and construction       facturing businesses. The senior housing project
of the Green.                                          was fully occupied almost immediately. The area
   The Southern Windsor County Regional Plan-          has become an important stop on many bicycle
ning Commission assisted the town with writing         tours through the region and on Vermont Historic
and administering proposals for the Village Green      Route a.
project and in applying for environmental permits.
The Rockingham Area Community Land Trust
worked in partnership with the town to renovate
and eventually take over ownership and manage-
ment of the elderly affordable housing.
   By combining the design and construction of
the landscaping and sidewalks for the Green and
the Freeman House, and by combining labor and
funding to construct the project, the town was able
to save time and money and create a cohesive look
for the village center.
   The multiple funding sources allowed the pro-
ject to be completed in spite of high initial bids.
Breaking the project into several smaller parts gave




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                63
BA R R E T T ’ S L A N D I N G
                               F R A N K L I N ,                    V I R G I N I A


A P O R T C I T Y I S R E U N I T E D W I T H I T S PA S T.


                               The pulse point of Franklin, Virginia’s National          now a part of International Paper. But by the end
                               Register Historic District is Barrett’s Landing,          of World War II, the river had fallen into disuse
                               named for the first child born in this inland port.        for passenger travel. The riverfront followed a fa-
                               Site of a former boardinghouse that catered to river      miliar urban pattern for the latter th century, be-
                               travelers, Barrett’s Landing was also once a vital        coming more industrial and “turning its back” to
                               stop on the Blackwater River during the Revolu-           ordinary citizens.
                               tionary War. In the age of steam, Barrett’s Land-            With over , from the Commonwealth
                               ing linked the river to the rails for both freight        of Virginia Department of Transportation — the
                               and passengers. By , travelers from Norfolk           largest single enhancement project in the State at
                               could ferry to Portsmouth, board the train to             the time — City and private partners have turned
                               Franklin Depot, and return in a single day —              the riverfront around with Barrett’s Landing, pro-
                               advanced intermodal transportation for its time.          viding pedestrian access to , feet of waterfront
                               A century later, trade in peanuts, lumber, and            in this historic Main Street Community. Funds
                               other regional commodities was brisk. A leader of         supported the construction of a public plaza where
                               local commerce was Union Camp Corporation,                residents can learn about their local history, as well
                                                                                         as a pavilion for community events such as con-
                                                                                         certs, weddings, and family reunions. The project
                                                                                         also eases access to docking and fishing facilities.
T E AC T I V I T I E S        FINANCING                       TION AND COMMUNITY         PA R T N E R S H I P The original application fea-
HISTORIC PRESERVATION; RE-    PROJECT SPONSOR: CITY OF        GROUP FUNDING OF           tured  letters of support from community
HABILITATION AND OPERA-       FRANKLIN DOWNTOWN               $900,000                   members. When funding became available for the
TION OF HISTORIC TRANS-       DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION          C O N TAC T                pavilion but not for street furniture and lighting,
PORTATION BUILDINGS,          TOTAL PROJECT COST:             NANCI N. DRAKE, DIRECTOR   community members pitched in, buying benches
STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES;    $1.4 MILLION                    FRANKLIN DEPARTMENT OF     and trash cans. Other community efforts went to-
PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR   TRANSPORTATION                  DOWNTOWN DEVELOPMENT       ward creating fund-raising projects, such as note-
PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES      ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:              TELEPHONE 757-562-8511     cards, to help pay for improvements. The project
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D     $536,000                        E-MAIL:                    took about four years from planning through final
1995                          LOCAL MATCH DONATED             NDRAKE@CI.FRANKLIN.VA.US   construction. The city has made a , com-
COMPLETED                     LAND VALUED AT $350,000         WEB SITE:                  mitment in its -year Capital Improvement Plan
1999                          FROM THE UNION CAMP             WWW.FRANKLINVA.COM/        for future improvements.
                              CORPORATION; SUBSE-             DOWNTOWNFRANKLIN.HTM

                              QUENT PRIVATE FOUNDA-




64                                                                                                                           CASE EXAMPLES
C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T “Lots of people who
lived here didn’t know the history of this place be-
fore the project opened,” says Nanci Drake, di-
rector of the Downtown Development Commis-
sion. The ribbon cutting in March  sparked
interest among private property owners and busi-
nesses in rehabilitating historic properties near
downtown. Although flooding caused by Hurri-
cane Floyd in September  temporarily slowed
progress on this front, new businesses continued to
open their doors downtown.
    The community has embraced the project as an
important gateway to downtown Franklin. Walk-
ers, joggers, and anglers use the area, local couples
have their weddings at the pavilion, and every
Easter a sunrise service takes place overlooking the
water. Concerts at the pavilion have attracted up
to , people to this town of ,, and an an-
nual family fishing tournament is sponsored by
Franklin Fall Festival. The event pavilion was solidly
booked throughout the summer of .
    When a discount superstore recently opened at
the edge of town, residents were concerned about
its effect on downtown commerce. However, says
Nanci Drake, “the downtown has held its own and
there has been little detrimental effect.”
    Although Hurricane Floyd flooded Franklin’s
Main Street and destroyed more than  homes
and  businesses in downtown, Barrett’s Land-
ing survived intact and has become the focus of
community spirit and determination. On Thanks-
giving , a community service was held at the         visitors’ center. The project includes a farmer’s    BA R R E T T ’ S L A N D I N G I N

Landing to commemorate city residents’ work to           market linking Barrett’s Landing with the historic   FR ANKLIN, VIRGINIA ON

get back on their feet and help one another.             downtown. An interpretive walking trail is pro-      O P E N I N G DAY, 19 9 9 .

    Franklin received . million in TE funds to re-    posed for TE funding in  that will follow the    P H OTO : N A N C I D R A K E

habilitate a csx freight depot three blocks from         riverfront from Barrett’s Landing to Second Av-
Barrett’s Landing, beginning in . The rehabil-       enue, the city’s main thoroughfare and part of the
itated station will be a transportation museum and       historic district.




CASE EXAMPLES                                                                                                                                 65
CENTER FOR EASTERN AMERICAN INDIAN
C U LT U R E / WO L F C R E E K I N D I A N V I L L AG E
                                B A S T I A N ,                   V I R G I N I A



R E M N A N T S O F A 13 T H C E N T U RY S E T T L E M E N T N OW AC C E S S I B L E T O M O D E R N - DAY T R AV E L E R S .


                                Travelers on Interstate  in southwestern Virginia             a museum, hiking and biking trails, and a full-scale
                                can now pause and step back approximately                    reconstruction of the small Native American vil-
                                years for a glimpse into the lives of Americans who             lage that once hugged the banks of Wolf Creek.
                                lived on the land here long before European settle-                Phase I te funds were used to provide direc-
                                ment. The Center for Eastern American Indian Cul-               tional signage leading from the highway to the site,
                                ture provides educational and recreational oppor-               visitor parking, picnic areas, trails, and a recon-
                                tunities to visitors and nearby residents, including            struction of Wolf Creek Village based on findings
                                                                                                from an archaeological dig in . Architectural
                                                                                                and engineering design for the permanent museum
                                                                                                was also conducted during this phase. Phase II
T E AC T I V I T I E S          COMPLETED                        CORPORATION AND                funds have been used to construct the museum and
PROVISION OF FACILITIES FOR     PHASE I: 1997, PHASE II: 1998,   $227,600 FROM BLAND            landscape the grounds around it. Phase III, which
PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES,       PHASE III: PROPOSED FOR          COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCI-        has not yet begun, involves the design and con-
SCENIC OR HISTORIC HIGH-        2001                             ETY; PHASE II: $83,220 FROM    struction of a research/meeting building, visitor
WAY PROGRAMS (INCLUD-           FINANCING                        BLAND COUNTY HISTORICAL        access improvements, and the relocation of a -
ING THE PROVISION OF            PROJECT SPONSOR: BLAND           SOCIETY. PHASE III: $137,000   year-old one-room schoolhouse and a one-room
TOURIST AND WELCOME             COUNTY HISTORICAL                FROM THE BLAND COUNTY          historic railroad depot from the early s. Both
CENTER FACILITIES); LAND-       SOCIETY                          HISTORICAL SOCIETY             historic buildings will be refurbished and open to
SCAPING AND OTHER               TOTAL PROJECT COST:              C O N TAC T                    the public as interpretive exhibits.
SCENIC BEAUTIfiCATION;           PHASE I: $1.08 MILLION,          LINDA BRADSHAW,                PA R T N E R S H I P The Bland County Historical
HISTORIC PRESERVATION;          PHASE II: $416,000 PHASE III:    DIRECTOR                       Society collaborated closely with the Bland County
ARCHAEOLOGICAL PLAN-            $684,000                         BLAND COUNTY HISTORICAL        Development Corporation to get the project off the
NING AND RESEARCH               TRANSPORTATION                   SOCIETY                        ground. The Society also has joined forces with the
P R O J E C T AWA R D E D       ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:               TELEPHONE 540-688-3438         Virginia Museum of Natural History, the Science
PHASE I: 1995, PHASE II: 1997   PHASE I: $788,800, PHASE II:     E-MAIL:                        Museum of Western Virginia, the Museum of the
PHASE III: PROPOSED TO          $332,880 PHASE III: $547,000     INDIANVILLAGE@NAXS.NET         Middle Appalachians, and the Crab Orchard Mu-
BEGIN 2000                      LOCAL MATCH PHASE I:             WEB SITE:                      seum to promote a pre-history tourism program
                                $68,700 FROM BLAND               WWW.INDIANVILLAGE.ORG          for the region. The schematic design and proposal
                                COUNTY DEVELOPMENT                                              for the center was developed by the Community
                                                                                                Design Assistance Center at Virginia Polytechnic
                                                                                                Institute and State University.


66                                                                                                                                 CASE EXAMPLES
   The Bland County Board of Supervisors, the           and thousands of dollars in local revenue for nearby
County Industrial Authority, and private businesses     shops and restaurants. Annual visitation grew to
have contributed financial and material support to       , per year by the year . The center also
the Society, and the nearby town of Wytheville          attracts numerous school tours from throughout
combined efforts with the museum to promote             Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South
bus tours of the site. Volunteers continue to lend      Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennessee. From  to
support: local Boy Scout troops and individuals         , , school children toured the site.
helped clear land, construct the museum palisade,
and create traditional structures from bent saplings
using Native American building techniques.
C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The project is included     V I S I TO R S TO U R WO L F C R E E K I N D I A N V I L L AG E , LOCATED

in the Bland County Planning Commission de-             OFF INTERSTATE 7 7 I N BA S T I A N , V I R G I N I A . T H E R E C R E -

velopment plan. During , the center’s first          AT E D V I L L AG E O F F E R S A P E R S P E C T I V E O N H OW O N E N A -

year of operation, , visitors stopped to see the   T I V E A M E R I C A N C O M M U N I T Y M AY H AV E L I V E D 8 0 0 YEARS

site. This translated into  new jobs at the museum    AGO. PHOTO: WOLF C R E E K I N D I A N V I L L I AG E
CAPITOL MARKET
                              C H A R L E S T O N ,                          W E S T         V I R G I N I A


I N H I S TO R I C C H A R L E S TO N , A H I S TO R I C F R E I G H T D E P OT F I N D S N E W L I F E A S T H E
H U B O F A N O U T D O O R M A R K E T.


                                                                                             For  years a small but popular farmer’s market
                                                                                             was located underneath an Interstate bridge in
                                                                                             downtown Charleston, West Virginia. Meanwhile,
                                                                                             Charleston Renaissance, a nonprofit, public-private
                                                                                             partnership, worked to develop a permanent in-
                                                                                             door/outdoor market with more space and broader
                                                                                             retail opportunities. A task force created in 
                                                                                             quickly identified a suitable new site: a historic rail-
                                                                                             road freight depot and warehouse in the north end
                                                                                             of downtown, built circa  and convenient to
                                                                                             Interstate . With TE funds and the assistance of
                                                                                             Conrail, Charleston Renaissance acquired the
                                                                                             property and set to work renovating it. The reno-
                                                                                             vated building now called the Capitol Market,
                                                                                             which opened its doors in , is the result of the
                                                                                             task force’s work. The outdoor market features the
                                                                                             same mix of local produce and seasonal goods as
                                                                                             the old market, while the new year-round indoor




                              T E AC T I V I T I E S          FINANCING                      LOCAL MATCH: $750,000         WEST VIRGINIA HOUSING

                              HISTORIC PRESERVATION, RE-      PROJECT SPONSOR:               FROM THE CHARLESTON UR-       DEVELOPMENT FUND

                              HABILITATION AND OPERA-         CHARLESTON RENAISSANCE         BAN RENEWAL AUTHORITY,        C O N TAC T

                              TION OF HISTORIC TRANS-         TOTAL PROJECT COST:            $500,000 FROM THE WEST        TAMMY BORSTNER, MARKET

                              PORTATION BUILDINGS,            $3.765 MILLION                 VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF        DIRECTOR

                              STRUCTURES, OR FACILITIES       TRANSPORTATION                 AGRICULTURE, $465,000         CAPITOL MARKET

                              P R O J E C T AWA R D E D       ENHANCEMENT FUNDS:             FROM THE CITY OF              TELEPHONE: 304-344-1905

                              PHASE I: 1994, PHASE II: 1997   PHASE I: $650,000, PHASE II:   CHARLESTON, $200,000          E-MAIL:

                              COMPLETED                       $850,000                       FROM CONRAIL, $100,000        CAPITOLMARKET@AOL.COM

                              1998                                                           FROM KANAWHA COUNTY,          WEB SITE:

                                                                                             AND $250,000 LOAN FROM        WWW.CAPITOLMARKET.NET




68                                                                                                                                   CASE EXAMPLES
market offers regionally cultivated meat and fish, a         have become part of the outdoor operation, while
wine shop, florist, bakery, and restaurant. The West          new businesses have started in the area, citing the
Virginia Department of Transportation features this         market’s presence as a major factor in their deci-
historic transportation facility as an example of eli-      sions, with  new businesses opening a second lo-
gible activities in its guidelines to potential sponsors.   cation in the market. Real estate values downtown
PA RT N E R S H I P The Charleston Urban Renewal            have increased as a direct result of the market’s ex-
Authority and the West Virginia Department of               pansion, as has the local tax base.
Agriculture (wvda) were the major fiscal partners.              Capitol Market is one of four anchor develop-
The wvda works closely with Capitol Market, a               ments that form the core of the city’s downtown
nonprofit group in operation since , to super-           development plan. The market has sparked revital-
vise the ongoing management of the market. The              ization of the formerly dilapidated area nearby, in-
market’s board of directors is made up of repre-            cluding preservation and restoration projects. One
sentatives from contributing organizations, tenants,        project will connect the market with the science
and members of the community. A key participant             and arts center in downtown. The market creates a
was the Governor of West Virginia at the time, a            gateway and tourist attraction for Interstate mo-
native of Charleston.                                       torists. It has also generated an estimated . mil-
C O M M U N I T Y I M PAC T The expanded market             lion in sales annually, not only benefiting city resi-
is expected to be financially self-sufficient by ,        dents with sales tax revenue but also farmers from
and has already revitalized a dilapidated section of        the  counties represented at Capitol Market.
Charleston’s downtown. To date,  new growers




                                                                                                                    T H E N E W LY R E N OVAT E D

                                                                                                                    CAPITOL MARKE T IN DOWN-

                                                                                                                    TOWN CHARLESTON, WEST

                                                                                                                    VIRGINIA. PHOTOS: TAMMY

                                                                                                                    BORSTNER




                                                                                                                                                69
R E S O U RC E S




Resources are periodically updated at www.enhancements.org

N AT I O N A L T R U S T            Fax: () -            S TAT E H I S T O R I C      A M E R I C A N S A M OA
REGIONAL OFFICES
                                    E-mail:                        P R E S E R VA T I O N       Mr. John Enright, hpo
                                    adrian_fine@nthp.org                                        Executive Offices of the
                                                                   OFFICERS AND
M I DW E S T O F F I C E                                                                           Governor
IL, IN, IA, MI, MN,                 SOUTHERN OFFICE                DEPUTY SHPO LIST             American Samoa Historic
MO, OH, WI                          A L , F L , G A , K Y, L A ,
                                                                                                   Preservation Office
                                    MS, NC, SC, TN, W V
 West Jackson Boulevard                                          A L A BA M A
                                                                                                American Samoa
                                                                                                                              O P PO S I T E PAG E :
Suite                             King Street                                                Government
                                    Charleston, SC            Dr. Lee Warner, SHPO
Chicago, IL                                                                                Pago Pago, American Samoa     P E D E S T R I A N WA L K WAY
                                    Phone: () -          Alabama Historical              
Phone:() -                                                                                                          AT WO L F C R E E K I N D I A N
                                    Fax: () -               Commission                Phone: ---
Fax: () -
                                    E-mail: soro@nthp.org           South Perry Street       Fax: --             V I L L AG E I N V I R G I N I A
E-mail: mwro@nthp.org
                                                                   Montgomery, AL               E-mail: enright@
M O U N TA I N / P L A I N S        SOUTHERN FIELD                    -                   samoatelco.com
OFFICE                              OFFICE                         Phone: --          Deputy: Mr. David J.
C O , K S , M T, N E , N D ,        D C , M D , P R , VA , V I     Fax: --               Herdrich
                                                                   E-mail: lwarner@             E-mail: herdrich@
S D , U T, W Y
                                     Massachusetts
                                                                      mail.preserveala.org         samoatelco.co
 th Street                        Ave, NW
                                                                   Deputy: Ms. Elizabeth Ann
Suite                           Washington, DC 
                                                                      Brown                     ARIZONA
Denver, CO                     Phone: () -
                                                                   E-mail: ebrown@
Phone: () -               Fax: () -                                         Mr. James W. Garrison,
                                                                      mail.preserveala.org
Fax: () -                                                www.preserveala.org
                                                                                                   SHPO

E-mail: mpro@nthp.org               SOUTHWEST OFFICE                                            Arizona State Parks
                                    AR, NM, OK, TX
                                                                   AL ASK A
                                                                                                 West Washington
NORTHEAST OFFICE
                                     Main Street                                             Phoenix, AZ 
                                                                   Ms. Judith Bittner, SHPO     Phone: --
C T , M E , M A , N H , N Y,
                                    Suite 
                                                                   Alaska Department of         Fax: --
RI, VT
                                    Fort Worth, TX 
                                                                      Natural Resources         E-mail: jgarrison@
Seven Faneuil Hall                  Phone: () -
                                                                   Office of History &              pr.state.az.us
   Marketplace                      Fax: () -
                                                                      Archeology                Deputy: Ms. Carol Griffith
th Floor                           E-mail: swro@nthp.org
                                                                    West th Avenue, Suite
Boston, MA                                                                                 E-mail: cgriffith@
                                                                                               pr.state.az.us
Phone: () -               WESTERN OFFICE
                                                                   Anchorage, AK
E-mail: nero@nthp.org               AK, AZ, CA, HI, ID,                                         www.pr.state.az.us
                                    N V , O R , WA
                                                                      -
                                                                   Phone: --          ARK ANSAS
NORTHEAST FIELD
                                    Suite                       Fax: --
OFFICE
                                    One Sutter Street                                           Ms. Cathryn B. Slater, SHPO
                                                                   E-mail: judyb@
D E , N J , PA
                                    San Francisco, CA                                      Arkansas Historic
                                                                      dnr.state.ak.us
6401 Germantown Rd                  Phone: () -                                          Preservation Program
                                                                   Deputy: Joan Antonson
Philadelphia, PA               Fax: () -                                          Center Street
                                                                   www.dnr.state.ak.us/parks/
Phone: () -               E-mail: wro@nthp.org                                        Suite 
                                                                      oha_web



R E S O U RC E S                                                                                                                                                 71
Little Rock, AR           Fax: --              www.dos.state.fl.us/dhr/      ILLINOIS                         Kansas State Historical
Phone: --            E-mail: cthist@neca.com          contents.html               Mr. William L. Wheeler,             Society
Fax: --              Deputy: Dr. Dawn Maddox,                                        SHPO
                                                                                                                              Southwest th Avenue
E-mail: cathy@                    Pres. Programs Sup.         GEORGIA
                                                                                            Associate Director               Topeka, KS -
    dah.state.ar.us                                           Carole Griffith               Illinois Historic Preservation   Phone: -- x
Deputy: Mr. Ken Grunewald      D E L AWA R E                  Historic Preservation                                          Fax: --
                                                                                                Agency
Phone: --                                                                                                          E-mail: rpowers@
                               Mr. Daniel Griffith, SHPO          Division                    Old State Capitol Plaza
E-mail: keng@                                                  Forsyth Street, NW                                             hspo.wpo.state.ks.us
                               Division of Historical and                                   Springfield, IL -
    dah.state.ar.us                                           Suite                                                       Deputy: Mr. Richard D.
                                  Cultural Affairs                                          Phone: --
                                                              Atlanta, GA                                                  Pankratz, Director
                               P.O. Box                                                 Fax: --
CALIFORNIA
                                                              Phone: --                                            Historic Pres. Dept.
                               Dover, DE                                               Deputy: Mr. Theodore
                                                                                                                             Phone: -- x
Daniel Abeyta, Acting SHPO     Phone: --            Fax: --                 Hild, Chief of Staff
                                                                                                                             Deputy: Dr. Cathy Ambler
Office of Hist. Pres., Dept.   Fax: --              www.dnr.state.ga.us/dnr/      E-mail: thild@
                                                                                                                             Phone: -- x
   Parks & Recreation          E-mail: dgriffith@                 histpres                       hpar.state.il.us
                                                                                                                             E-mail: cambler@kshs.org
P.O. Box                    state.de.us                                               Deputy: Ms. Anne Haaker
Sacramento CA -       Deputy: Ms. Joan Larrivee      G UA M
                                                                                                                             KENTUCKY
Phone: --            Delaware State Historic        Lynda B. Aguon, SHPO          INDIANA
Fax: --                 Preservation Office                                                                         Mr. David L. Morgan,
                                                              Guam Historic Preservation    Mr. Larry D. Macklin, SHPO
E-mail: dabey@                  The Green                                                                                     SHPO, Executive
                                                                 Office                      Director, Department of
   ohp.parks.ca.gov            Dover, DE                                                                                   Director
                                                              Department of Parks &            Natural Resources
www.cal-parks.ca.gov           Phone: --                                                                           Kentucky Heritage Council
                                                                 Recreation                  West Washington Street        Washington Street
                               Fax: --              PO Box  Building -
C O LO R A D O
                                                                                            Indiana Govt. Center             Frankfort, KY 
                               E-mail: jlarrivee@             Tiyan Hagatna                    South, Room w              Phone: --
Ms. Georgianna                    state.de.us                 Guam                     Indianapolis, IN            Fax: --
   Contiguglia, SHPO                                          Phone: ---         E-mail: dhpa@
                               DISTRICT OF                                                                                   E-mail: dmorgan@
Colorado Historical Society                                   Fax: ---              dnr.state.in.us
                               COLUMBIA                                                                                         mail.state.ky.us
 Broadway                                                 E-mail: laguon@               Deputy: Jon C. Smith
Denver, CO                Mr. Gregory McCarthy,             mail.gov.gu                Phone: --              LO U I S I A N A
Phone: --               SHPO                        www.admin.gov.gu/dpr/         Fax: --
Fax: --              Historic Preservation                                                                         Ms. Gerri Hobdy, SHPO
                                                                 hrdhome.html               E-mail: jsmith@
Deputy: Mr. Mark Wolfe            Division, Suite                                                                         Dept. of Culture,
                                                                                               dnr.state.in.us
Phone: --,            N. Capitol Street, NE      H AWA I I                                                         Recreation & Tourism
Fax:--               Room                                                                                      P.O. Box 
                                                              Don Hibbard                   I O WA
E-mail: mark.wolfe@            Washington, DC                                                                           Baton Rouge, LA 
                                                              State Historic Preservation   Mr. Tom Morain, SHPO             Phone: --
   chs.state.co.us             Phone: --
                                                                 Division                   State Historical Society of      Fax: --
Deputy: Dr. Susan M.           Fax: --
                                                              Kakuhihewa Building              Iowa                          Deputy: Mr. Robert Collins
   Collins                     www.dcra.org
                                                              Suite                      Capitol Complex                     --
Phone: --            Deputy: Mr. Stephen J.
E-mail: susan.collins@            Raiche                       Kamokila Boulevard        East th and Locust St.          E-mail: rcollins@
   chs.state.co.us                                            Kapolei, HI              Des Moines, IA                 crt.state.la.us
Tech Ser: Ms. Kaaren Hardy     F LO R I DA                    Phone: --           Phone: --              Deputy:
Phone: --                                           Fax: --             Fax: --                   Mr. Jonathan Fricker
                               Dr. Janet Snyder Matthews,
E-mail: kaaren.hardy@                                         E-mail: dlnr@pixi.com         E-mail: shpo_iowa@               Phone: --
                                  SHPO, Director
   chs.state.co.us                                            www.hawaii.gov/dlnr              nps.gov                       E-mail: jfricker@
                               Div of Historical Resources,
www.coloradohistoryoahp.                                                                    Ms. Patricia Ohlerking,             crt.state.la.us
                                  Dept of State               I DA H O
   org                                                                                         dshpo                         www.crt.state.la.us
                               R. A. Gray Building
                               th Floor                      Suzi Neitzel, SHPO            Phone: --
CONNECTICUT
                                S. Bronough St.            Idaho State Historical        Fax: --                MAINE

Mr. John W. Shannahan,         Tallahassee, FL -        Society                    E-mail: pohlerk@                 Mr. Earle G. Shettleworth,
     SHPO                      Phone: --             Main Street, Suite       max.state.is.us                  Jr., SHPO
Connecticut Historical         Fax: --              Boise, ID -                                           Maine Historic Preservation
                                                              Phone: --           K ANSAS                             Commission
   Commission                  E-mail: jmatthews@
 South Prospect Street          mail.dos.state.fl.us        Fax: --             Dr. Ramon S. Powers,              Capitol Street,
Hartford, CT              Phone: --            E-mail: sneitzel@                SHPO, Executive                  Station 
Phone: --                                              ishs.state.id.us              Director                      Augusta, ME 



72                                                                                                                                          R E S O U RC E S
Phone: --              Office                       Deputy: Ms. Brona Simon,       MISSOURI

Fax: --             Office of the Governor            Dir. Technical Servs         Mr. Stephen Mahfood,
E-mail: earle.shettleworth@   P.O. Box                    E-mail: Brona.Simon@              SHPO
   state.me.us                Colonia, Yap, FM            sec.state.ma.us              State Department of Natural
Deputy:                       Phone: ---        www.state.ma.us/sec/mhc            Resources
   Dr. Robert L. Bradley      Fax: --                                              Jefferson, P.O. Box 
                              E-mail: hpoyapfsm@             MICHIGAN
www.janus.state.me.us/mhpc                                                                  Jefferson City, MO 
                                 mail.fm                     Brian D. Conway, SHPO          Phone: --
M A RY L A N D
                              hpo                            State Historic Preservation    Fax: --
Mr. J. Rodney Little, SHPO    Div. Land Mgmt. & Natural         Office                       Deputy: Ms. Claire F.
Maryland Historical Trust        Resources                   Michigan Historical Center         Blackwell
 Community Place,          Department of Commerce          West Allegan Street        Historic Preservation Prog,
   Third Floor                   & Industry                  Lansing, MI                   Div. of State Parks
Crownsville, MD -        P.O. Box                    Phone: --             E. High Street
                          Moen, Chuuk (Truk), FM         Fax: --              Jefferson City, MO 
Phone: --                                     E-mail: conwaybd@              Phone: --
Fax: --             Phone: ---               sosmail.state.mi.us         Fax: --
E-mail: mdshpo@ari.net           /                   www.sos.state.mi.us/history/   E-mail: nrblacc@
Deputy: Mr. William J.        Fax: --                 preserve/preserve.html      mail.dnr.state.us
   Pencek, Jr.                                                                              Deputy:
                              Mr. David W. Panuelo, hpo      M I N N E S OTA
www.ari.net/mdshpo                                                                              Dr. Douglas K. Eiken
                              Dir., Dept. of Land, Pohnpei
                                                             Dr. Nina Archabal, SHPO        www.mostateparks.com
                                 State Government
MARSHALL ISL ANDS,                                           Minnesota Historical
                              P.O. Box                                                  M O N TA N A
REPUBLIC OF THE                                                  Society
                              Kolonia, Pohnpei, FM
Mr. Fred deBrum, hpo                                     Kellogg Boulevard West     Dr. Mark F. Baumler, SHPO
Secretary of Interior and     Phone: ---        St. Paul, MN -        State Historic Preservation
   Outer Islands Affairs      Fax: ---          Phone: --               Office
P.O. Box , Majuro         E-mail: nahnsehleng@           Fax: --               th Avenue
   Atoll                         mail.fm                     Deputy: Dr. Ian Stewart        P.O. Box 
Republic of the Marshall                                     Phone: --            Helena, MT -
                              Mr. Berlin Sigrah, Kosra
   Islands                                              Deputy: Ms. Britta L.          Phone: --
                                 hpo
Phone: ---                                          Bloomberg                  Fax: --
                              Div. of Land Mgmt. &           Phone: --
Fax: ---                                                                       E-mail: mbaumler@
                                 Preservation                Fax: --
Deputy: Clary Makroro                                                                          state.mt.us
                              Dept. of Agriculture &         E-mail: britta.bloomberg@
E-mail: rmihpo@                                                                             Deputy:
                                 Lands                           mnhs.org
   ntamar.com                                                                                  Mr. Herbert E. Dawson
                              P.O. Box                     www.mnhs.org                   www.hist.state.mt.us
Mr. Rufino Mauricio, fsm       Kosrae, FM 
   hpo                        Phone: ---        MISSISSIPPI                    NEBRASK A
Office of Administrative       Fax: ---
   Services                                                  Mr. Elbert Hilliard, shpo      Mr. Lawrence Sommer,
                              E-mail: dalu@mail.fm
Div. of Archives and                                         Mississippi Dept. of              shpo
   Historic Preservation      M A S S AC H U S E T T S          Archives & History          Nebraska State Historical
fsm National Government                                      P.O. Box                       Society
                              Ms. Judith McDonough,          Jackson, MS -
P.O. Box ps                                                                               P.O. Box 
Palikir, Pohnpei, FM 
                                 shpo                        Phone: --             R Street
                              Massachusetts Historical
Phone: ---                                      Deputy:                        Lincoln, NE 
                                 Commission
Fax: --                                               Mr. Kenneth H. P’Pool       Phone: --
                               Morrissey Boulevard
E-mail: fsmhpo@mail.fm                                       Division of Historic           Fax: --
                              Boston, MA                   Preservation                E-mail: nshs@
                              Phone: --            Phone: --
FSM  includes four States,                                                                     nebraskahistory.org
                              Fax: --              Fax: --
whose HPOs are listed                                                                       Deputy: Mr. L. Robert
                              ttd: ---            E-mail: kppool@
below:                                                                                         Puschendorf
                              Judy.McDonough@
Mr. John Tharngan, hpo                                          mdah.state.ms.us            Phone: --
                                 sec.state.ma.us
Yap Historic Preservation                                                                   Fax: --



R E S O U RC E S                                                                                                          73
     N E VA D A                    Natural and Historic            NORTH CAROLINA                OHIO

     Mr. Ronald James, SHPO           Resources                    Dr. Jeffrey J. Crow SHPO      Mr. Amos J. Loveday, SHPO
     Historic Preservation Office   Historic Preservation Office     Division of Archives &        Ohio Historic Preservation
      N. Stewart Street         Phone: --                 History                       Office
     Capitol Complex               Fax: --                Mail Service Center       E Hudson Street
     Carson City, NV -        E-mail: dguzzo@                 Raleigh, NC -        Columbus, OH -
                                  dep.state.nj.us              Phone: --           Phone: --
     Phone: --                                           Fax:: --            Fax: --
                                   NEW MEXICO
     Fax: --                                             jcrow@ncsl.dcr.state.nc.us    E-mail: ajloveday@aol.com
     Deputy: Ms. Alice Baldrica    Elmo Baca, SHPO                 Deputy: Mr. David Brook       Deputy: Mr. Franco Ruffini
     Phone: --           Historic Preservation Div.,     Historic Preservation Office   Phone: --
     E-mail: ambaldri@                Office of Cultural Affairs    Mail Service Center      Fax: --
        clan.lib.nv.us              East Palace Avenue          Raleigh, NC -        fruffini@ohiohistory.org
     www.state.nv.us               Santa Fe, NM               Phone: --           www.ohiohistory.org/
                                   Phone: --             Fax: --                 resource/histpres
     NEW HAMPSHIRE                 Fax: --               E-mail: dbrook@
     Ms. Nancy C. Dutton,          Deputy: Dorothy Victor              ncsl.dcr.state.nc.us      OKL AHOMA

        Director/shpo              dvictor@lvr.state.nm.us         www.hpo.dcr.state.nc.us       Dr. Bob L. Blackburn, SHPO
     New Hampshire Division of     Deputy: Jan Biella                                            Oklahoma Historical
        Historical Resources       E-mail: jbiella@                N O R T H D A KO T A
                                                                                                    Society
     P.O. Box                     lvr.state.nm.us              Mr. Samuel Wegner, SHPO        N. Lincoln Blvd.
     Concord, NH -        www.museums.state.nm.us/        State Historical Society of   Oklahoma City, OK 
     Phone: --              hpd                             North Dakota               Phone: --
     Fax: --                                              E. Boulevard Ave.         Fax: --
                                   N E W YO R K
     tdd: --                                             Bismarck, ND             www.ok-history.mus.ok.us
     E-mail: ndutton@              Ms. Bernadette Castro, shpo     Phone: --           Deputy: Ms. Melvena
        nhdhr.state.nh.us          Parks, Recreation &             Fax: --                Thurman Heisch
     Deputy: Ms. Linda Ray            Historic Preservation        E-mail: swegner@              State Historic Preservation
        Wilson                     Agency Building #,                state.nd.us                   Office
     Phone: -- or           Empire State Plaza           www.state.nd.us/hist           Villa Prom, Shepherd
        --               Albany, NY                 Deputy: Mr. Merl Paaverud        Mall
     E-mail: lwilson@              Phone: --             Phone: --           Oklahoma City, OK 
        nhdhr.state.nh.us          Deputy: Mr. J. Winthrop                                       Phone: --
     www.state.nh.us/nhdhr            Aldrich, Deputy              NORTHERN MARIANA              Fax: --
                                   Phone: --              ISL ANDS,                     E-mail: mheisch@ok-
     NEW JERSEY                    Fax: --               C O M M O N W E A LT H O F       history.mus.ok.us
     Mr. Robert C. Shinn, SHPO     Historic Preservation Staff:    THE

     Dept. of Environmental        Ms. Ruth L. Pierpont,           Mr. Joseph P. DeLeon
                                                                                                 OREGON

        Protection                    Director                        Guerrero, hpo              Mr. Michael Carrier, SHPO
      East State Street         Bureau of field Services         Dept of Community &           State Parks & Recreation
     P.O. Box                   NY State Parks, Rec. &             Cultural Affairs              Department
     Trenton, NJ                 Hist. Pres.                  Division of Historic           Commercial Street,
     Phone: --           Peebles Island P.O. Box         Preservation                  N.E.
     Fax: --             Waterford, NY -        Airport Road                  Salem, OR -
     Deputy: Mr. James Hall        Phone: --             Northern Mariana Islands      Phone: --
     Natural and Historic             x                        Saipan, MP               Fax: --
        Resources                  Fax: --               Phone: --           Deputy: Mr. James Hamrick
      East State Street         E-mail: ruth.pierpont@          Fax: --             Phone: -- x
     P.O. Box                      oprhp.state.ny.us            E-Mail: cnmihpo@              Fax: --
     Trenton, NJ              www.nysparks.com                   itecnmi.com                E-mail: james.hamrick@
     Phone: --                                           Deputy: Mr. Scott Russell        state.or.us
     Fax: --                                             Phone: --           www.prd.state.or.us/
     Deputy: Ms. Dorothy                                                                            about_shpo.html
        Guzzo



74                                                                                                           R E S O U RC E S
PA L A U , R E P U B L I C O F   SOUTH CAROLINA                     Commission                  E-mail: ergilbertson@          Historic Preservation Office
Ms. Victoria N. Kanai, hpo       Dr. Rodger E. Stroup, SHPO     P.O. Box                     dca.state.vt.us               Kanawha Boulevard
Ministry of Community &          Department of Archives &       Austin, TX -           www.state.vt.us/dca/historic      East
   Cultural Affairs                 History                     Phone: --                                            Charleston, WV -
P.O. Box                       Parklane Road             Fax: --               VIRGIN ISL ANDS                Phone: --
Koror, Republic of Palau         Columbia, SC -        E-mail: l.oaks@                 Mr. Dean C. Plaskett, Esq.,    Fax: --
                            Phone: --                thc.state.tx.us                SHPO                        renay.conlin@wvculture.org
Phone: ---          Fax: --              Deputy: Mr. James Wright        Department of Planning &       Deputy: Ms. Susan Pierce
Fax: --                Deputy: Ms. Mary W.                Steely, Dir. Nat’l. Reg.        Natural Resources          susan.pierce@wvculture.org
                                    Edmonds                         Prog.                       Cyril E. King Airport
P E N N S Y LVA N I A            Phone: --            Phone: --             Terminal Building, Second
                                                                                                                               WISCONSIN

                                 E-mail: edmonds@               Fax: --,                  Floor                      Mr. George L. Vogt, shpo
Dr. Brent D. Glass, SHPO
                                    scdah.state.sc.us           jim.steely@thc.state.tx.us      St. Thomas, VI            State Historical Society of
Pennsylvania Historical &
                                 www.state.sc.us/scdah          Deputy: Mr. Stanley O.          Phone: --               Wisconsin
   Museum Comm
                                                                    Graves, Dir Architecture    Fax: --               State Street
P.O. Box 
                                 S O U T H D A KO T A               Division                    Deputy: Ms. Claudette C.       Madison WI 
Harrisburg, PA 
                                                                Phone: --                 Lewis                      Phone: --
Phone: --              Mr. Jay D. Vogt, SHPO
                                                                Fax: --,              Phone: --            Fax: --
Deputy: Ms. Brenda Barrett,      State Historic Preservation
                                                                stan.graves@thc.state.tx.us     Fax: --              glvogt@mail.shsw.wisc.edu
   Bur for Historic Pres            Office
                                                                Deputy: Dr. James E.                                           Deputy: Ms. Alicia L.
Phone: --              Cultural Heritage Center
                                                                    Bruseth, Dir. Antiquities   VIRGINIA                          Goehring
Fax: --                 Governors Drive
                                                                    Prot.                                                      E-mail: algoehring@
E-mail: brenda_barrett@          Pierre, SD                                                Mr. H. Alexander Wise, Jr.,
                                                                Phone: --                                               mail.shsw.wisc.edu
   phmc.state.pa.us              Phone: --                                               SHPO
                                                                Fax: --                                              www.shsw.wisc.edu/ahi/
                                 Fax: --                                              Department of Historic
                                                                E-mail: jim.bruseth@                                              index.html
P U E RTO R I C O                E-mail: jay.vogt@state.sd.us                                      Resources
                                                                    thc.state.tx.us
Ms. Lilliane D. Lopez, SHPO      www.state.sd.us/state/                                          Kensington Avenue
                                                                www.thc.state.tx.us                                            W YO M I N G
Office of Historic                   executive/deca/cultural/                                    Richmond, VA 
   Preservation                     histpres.htm                U TA H
                                                                                                Phone: --            Ms. Wendy Bredehoft,
Box , La Fortaleza                                                                            Fax: --                 SHPO
                                 TENNESSEE                      Mr. Max Evans, SHPO             E-mail: awise@                 Wyoming State Hist. Pres.
Old San Juan, Puerto Rico
                                                                Utah State Historical              dhr.state.va.us                Office
                            Mr. Milton Hamilton, SHPO
                                                                    Society                     Deputy: Kathleen Kilpatrick     Central Avenue, th
Phone: -- or           Dept of Environment and
                                                                 Rio Grande                                                    floor
                                Conservation
                                                                Salt Lake City, UT         WA S H I N G T O N             Cheyenne, WY 
Fax: --                 Church Street, L & C
                                                                Phone: --                                            Phone: --
Deputy: Berenice Sueiro             Tower st Floor                                            Dr. Allyson Brooks SHPO
                                                                Fax: --                                              Fax: --
E-mail: bsueiro@                 Nashville, TN -                                       Office of Archeology &
                                                                Deputy: Mr. Wilson Martin                                      E-mail: wbrede@
   prshpo.prstar.ne              Phone: --                                               Historic Preservation
                                                                E-mail: wmartin@                                                  missc.state.wy.us
                                 Fax: --                                              P.O. Box 
                                                                    history.state.ut.us                                        Deputy: Judy K. Wolf
RHODE ISL AND                    Deputy: Mr. Herbert L.                                          Golf Club Road, SE,
                                                                www.history.utah.org                                           Phone: --
Mr. Frederick C.                    Harper                                                         Suite , Lacey
                                 Tennessee Historical                                           Olympia, WA -         E-mail: jwolf@
   Williamson, SHPO                                             VERMONT
                                    Commission                                                  Phone: --               missc.state.wy.us
Rhode Island Historic
                                  Lebanon Road              Ms. Emily Wadhams, shpo         Fax: --              Sheila Bricher-Wade, Reg.
   Preservation & Heritage
                                 Nashville, TN -       Vermont Division for            E-mail: allysonb@                 Ser.
   Commission
                                 Phone: --               Historic Preservation           acted.wa.gov                Phone: --
Old State House, 
                                 Fax: --              National Life Building,         Deputy: Mr. Greg Griffith       E-mail:
   Benefit St.
                                 www.state.tn.us/environme         Drawer                     Phone: --               sbrich@missc.state.wy.us
Providence, RI 
                                    nt/hist/hist.htm            Montpelier, VT -       E-mail: gregg@cted.wa.gov      Mary M. Hopkins, Cult
Phone: --
                                                                Phone: --                                               Records --
Fax: --
                                 TEXAS                          ewadhams@dca.state.vt.us        WEST VIRGINIA                  www.commerce.state.wy.
Deputy: Mr. Edward F.
                                                                Deputy: Mr. Eric                                                  us/cr/shpo
   Sanderson                     Mr. F. Lawerence Oaks,                                         Ms. Renay Conlin, shpo
                                                                   Gilbertson, Director
E-mail: rihphc@                     SHPO                                                        West Virginia Division of
                                                                Phone: --
   doa.state.ri.us               Texas Historical                                                 Culture & History
                                                                Fax: --




R E S O U RC E S                                                                                                                                         75
     A S S O C I AT E M E M B E R S   S TAT E                     CALIFORNIA                  F LO R I DA
                                      T R A N S P O R TAT I O N   TEA  Branch Chief           Bob Crim
     N AVA J O N A T I O N
                                      ENHANCEMENT
                                                                  CalTrans                    State Transportation Planner
     Dr. Alan Downer, hpo                                         Sacramento, CA -   FL Dept. of Transportation
     P.O. Box 
                                      M A N AG E R S              Phone: --         Tallahassee, FL -
     Window Rock, AZ                                         Fax: --           Phone: --
     Phone: --                                                                      Fax: --
                                      A L A BA M A                C O LO R A D O
     Fax: --                                                                        E-mail: Bob.Crim@
     E-mail: hpd_adowner@             Bob McWhorter               Karen L. Sullivan              dot.state.ga.us
        dine.navajo.org               TE Program Coordinator      Enhancement Prgm.
                                      Alabama DOT                    Manager                  GEORGIA
     L AC D U F L A M B E AU          Montgomery, AL         CO Department of            Ronda Britt
     OF L AKE SUPERIOR                Phone: --            Transportation           Trans Enhancement
     B A N D O F C H I P P E WA       Fax: --           Denver, CO                Supervisor
     INDIANS                          E-mail: mcwhorterr@         Phone: --         ga-dot
     Ms. Patricia A. Hrabik
                                         dot.state.al.us          Fax: --           Atlanta, GA 
        Sebby, thpo                                               E-mail: karen.sullivan@     Phone: --
                                      AL ASK A
     P.O. Box                                                      dot.state.co.us          Fax: --
     Lac Du Flambeau                  Judy Chapman                                            E-mail: ronda.britt@
                                      Enhancement Contact         CONNECTICUT
        WI                                                                               dot.state.ga.us
     Phone: --              Alaska dot & pf             Charles Barone
                                      Juneau, AK -       Enhancement Program         H AWA I I
     L E E C H L A K E BA N D         Phone: --            Manager                  Doug Meller
     O F C H I P P E WA               Fax: --           Connecticut Dept. of        te Program Manager
     INDIANS                          E-mail: Judy_Chapman@          Transportation           hdot/Highway Planning
                                         dot.state.ak.us          Newington, CT -       Branch
     Ms. Rose A. Kluth, thpo
     Leech Lake Reservation                                       Phone: --         Honolulu, HI 
                                      ARIZONA
     RR, Box                                                  Fax: --           Phone: --
     Cass Lake, MN               Larz Garcia                 E-mail: charles.barone@     Fax: --
     Phone: --              Scenic Roads & TE              po.state.ct.us           E-mail: doug_melleri@
     Fax: --                   Coordinator                                             exec.state.hi.us
                                      Arizona DOT/Intermodal      D E L AWA R E
     E-mail: rkluth@aol.com
                                         Div., Roads              Dave Petrosky               I DA H O
     T U R T L E M O U N TA I N       Phoenix, AZ            te Program Manager          Pat Raino
     B A N D O F C H I P P E WA       Phone: --         DE dot                      Senior Transportation
     INDIANS                          Fax: --           Statewide Planning Office       Planner
                                      E-mail: lgarcia@            Dover, DE -        Idaho Transportation
     Mr. Kade M. Ferris, thpo
                                         dot.state.az.us          Phone: --            Department
     Turtle Mountain Band of
        Chippewa Indians                                          Fax: --           Boise, ID 
                                      ARK ANSAS
     P.O. Box                                                  E-mail: dpetrosky@          Phone: --
     Belcourt, ND                Scott Bennett                  mail.state.de.us         Fax: --
     E-mail: kferris@utma.com         Enhancement Prgm.                                       E-mail: PRaino@
                                          Coordinator             DISTRICT OF                    itd.state.id.us
                                      ahtd                        COLUMBIA
                                      Little Rock, AR        Kenneth Laden
                                                                                              ILLINOIS
                                      Phone: ()-        Administrator
                                      Fax: ()-          Office of Intermodal         Traci Sisk
                                      E-mail: sebd@               Planning, dc-dpw         Enhancements Prgm.
                                          ahtd.state.ar,us        Washington, DC -          Coordinator
                                                                                          il-dot/Office of Planning
                                                                  Phone: --         Sprinfield, IL 
                                                                  Fax: --




76                                                                                                          R E S O U RC E S
Phone: --              
Fax: --             Phone: --
pondersd@nt.dot.state.il.us   Fax: --
                              E-mail: wledet@dotmail.
INDIANA                          dotd.state.la.us
Mike Helton
                              MAINE
Enhancements Manager
in-dot                        Duane Scott
Indianapolis, IN         Environmental Specialist/TE
Phone: --              Coordinator
Fax: --             Department of
E-mail: mhelton@                 Transportation (mdot)
   indot.state.in.us         Augusta, ME -
                              Phone: --
I O WA                        Fax: --
Nancy Burns                   E-mail: duane.scott@
Enhancements Coordinator         state.me.us
Iowa Dept. of
                              M A RY L A N D
   Transportation
Ames, IA -           Dennis Simpson
Phone: --           Enhancement Prgm.
Fax: --                Manager
E-mail: nburns@               md-DOT
   max.state.ia.us            Baltimore, MD -
                              Phone: --
K ANSAS                       Fax: --
                                                            M I N N E S OTA             Fax: --           L A FAY E T T E , I N D I A N A ’ S
Julie Leslie                  E-mail: dsimpson@
                                 sha.state.md.us            Frank Van De Steeg,         E-mail: stockd1@
Enhancements Coordinator                                                                                            R E LO C AT E D A N D R E N O -
                                                                Director                   mail.modot.state.mo.us
ks-dot                                                                                                              VAT E D R A I L D E POT
Topeka, KS               M A S S AC H U S E T T S      mn-dot
Phone: --           Linda Walsh                   St. Paul, MN           M O N TA N A                O F F E R S K I D S A L I V E LY,

Fax: --             Transportation Prgm.          Phone: --         Mike Davis                  S A F E P L AC E TO P L AY
E-mail: JulieL@ksdot.org         Manager                    Fax: --           ctep Coordinator
                                                            E-mail: frank.vandesteeg@                               S P O RT S . P H OTO :
                              Mass Highways/Bureau of                                   MT Department of
KENTUCKY                         Transportation                 dot.state.mn.us            Transportation           L AFAYE T TE RELOCATION
                              Boston, MA -                                     Helena, MT -
Janet Clements                                              MISSISSIPPI                                             PROJECT
                              Phone: --                                       Phone: --
Enhancements Prgm.
                              Fax: --             Jim Moak                    Fax: --
   Manager
                              E-mail: linda.walsh-dpw@      TE Coordinator              E-mail: U@
Division of Multi-Modal
                                 state.ma.us                Mississippi Department of      long.mdt.mt.gov
   Program
Frankfort, KY                                             Transportation
Phone: --
                              MICHIGAN                      Jackson, MS -      NEBRASK A
                              Bryan Armstrong               Phone: --
Fax: --                                                                       Jim Pearson
                              Enhancements Program          Fax: --
E-mail: jclements@                                                                      Enhancement Coordinator
                                 Manager                    jmoak@mdot.state.ms.us
   mailkytc.state.ky.us                                                                 NE Dept. of Roads
                              Michigan DOT
                                                                                        Lincoln, NE -
                              Lansing, MI              MISSOURI
LO U I S I A N A                                                                        Phone: --
                              Phone: --
                                                            David Stock                 Fax: --
Whitney Ledet                 Fax: --
                                                            Planning Engineer           E-mail: dor@
Enhancements Prog.            E-mail: armstrongb@
                                                            MO Department of               vmhost.cdp
   Manager                       state.ms.us
LA Dept.of Transportation                                       Transportation
   & Development                                            Jefferson City, MO 
Baton Rouge, LA -                                      Phone: --




R E S O U RC E S                                                                                                                                        77
     N E VA D A                    NORTH CAROLINA               Phone: --          S O U T H D A KO T A

     Leif Anderson                 Laurie Smith                 Fax: --            John Forman
     Enhancements Coordinator      Enhancements Manager         E-mail: patricia.k.rogers@   Enhancements Manager
     Nevada Department of          North Carolina Department       odot.state.or.us          SD Dept. of Transportation,
        Transportation, Planning      of Transportation                                         Office of the Secretary
        Div.                       Raleigh, NC             P E N N S Y LVA N I A        Pierre, SD -
     Carson City, NV          Phone: --          Dan Accurti                  Phone: --
     Phone: --           Fax: --            Chief, Highway Division      Fax: --
     Fax: --             E-mail: lpsmith@             penndot                      E-mail: j.forman@
     E-mail: andersonlg@              doh.dot.state.nc.us       Harrisburg, PA             state.sd.us
        hotmail.com                                             Phone: --
                                   N O R T H D A KO T A                                      TENNESSEE
                                                                Fax: --
     NEW HAMPSHIRE                                              E-mail: daccurt@             Marilyn Holland
                                   Bennett Kubischta
     Victoria Chase                Transp. Enhancement             dot.state.pa.us           Enhancements Coordinator
     Project Development              Coordinator                                            TN DOT/Program
        Director                   Department of                P U E RTO R I C O               Development
     Department of                    Transportation (NDDOT)    Martha Bravo-Colunga         Nashville, TN -
        Transportation (nhdot)     Bismark, ND -                                    Phone: --
                                                                Bike/Pedestrian
     Concord, NH              Phone: --                                       Fax: --
                                                                   Coordinator
     Phone: --           Fax: --                                         E-mail: mholland@
                                                                Puerto Rico Department
     Fax: -              E-mail: ccmail.bkubisch@                                     mail.state.tn.us
                                                                   of Transportation and
     E-mail: nvhc@                  ranch.state.nd.us            Public Works              TEXAS
        dot.state.nh.us                                         San Juan, PR -
                                   OHIO                         Phone: --          Doug Vollette
     NEW JERSEY
                                   Dave Seech                   Fax: --            Enhancements Coordinator
                                                                E-mail: mbravo@              Texas DOT, Division of
     Bob Goslin                    Enhancements Program
                                                                   act.dtop.gov.pr              Highway Design
     te Program Manager               Coordinator
                                                                                             Austin, TX 
     NJ Department of              OH Dept. of Transportation
                                                                                             Phone: --
        Transportation             Columbus, OH            RHODE ISL AND
                                                                                             Fax: --
     Mt. Laurel, NJ           Phone: --          Tom Queenan
                                                                                             E-mail: dvollet@
     Phone: --           Fax: --            Enhancements Manager
                                                                                                mailgw.dot.state.tx.us
     Fax: --             dseech@dot.state.oh.us       ri-dot/Planning Division
     E-mail: robertgoslin@                                      Providence, RI          U TA H
        dot.state.nj.us            OKL AHOMA                    Phone: --
                                                                                             Sandy Weinrauch
                                   Richard Andrews              Fax: --
     NEW MEXICO                                                                              TE Program Manager
                                   Bicycle Coordinator          E-mail: tqueen@
                                                                                             UT DOT, Program
     Kathy Arellanes               OK Department of                dot.state.ri.us
                                                                                                 Development
     Transportation Planner           Transportation
                                                                                             Salt Lake City, UT -
     New Mexico DOT                Oklahoma City, OK -     SOUTH CAROLINA
                                                                                                 
     Santa Fe, NM -                                John Gardner                 Phone: --
     Phone: --           Phone: --          Rural Planning Manager       Fax: --
     Fax: --             Fax: --            South Carolina dot/Office     E-mail: sweinrauch@
                                   E-mail: randrews@fdns.       of Planning &                 dot.state.ut.us
     N E W YO R K                     okladot.state.us             Engineering
     Bob Yiti                                                   Columbia, SC -      VERMONT
                                   OREGON                       Phone: --
     Enhancements Prgm.                                                                      Lani Ravin
        Coordinator                Pat Rogers                   Fax: --            Enhancements Co-Manager
     NY State dot                  Enhancements Program         E-mail: gardnerJF@           vt-vat
     Albany, NY                  Manager                      dot.state.sc.us           Montpelier, VT 
     Phone: --           odot                                                      Phone: --
     Fax: --             Project Support Section                                   Fax: --
     E-mail: byiti@                Salem, OR -                                      E-mail: lani.ravin@
        cw.dot.state.ny.us                                                                      state.vt.us




78                                                                                                        R E S O U RC E S
VIRGINIA                    F H WA D I V I S I O N      Edward Sheldahl            Indianapolis, IN 
Wade Chenault               T R A N S P O R TAT I O N   te Program Coodinator      Phone: --
Enhancements Prgm.                                      fhwa dc Division
                            ENHANCEMENTS
   Associate                                            Washington, DC        David LaRoche
va-dot                      C O N TAC T S               Phone: --        te Program Coordinator
Richmond, VA                                                                  fhwa ks Division
Phone: --         Tim Haugh                   Robert Kleinburd           Topeka, KS 
Fax: --           te Program Coordinator      Environmental Specialist   Phone: --
E-mail: chenault_hw@        fhwa ak Division            fhwa de Division           Fax: )-
   vdot.state.va.us         Juneau, AK -       Dover, DE -       E-mail: David.LaRoche@
                            Phone: --         Phone: --           fhwa.dot.gov
WA S H I N G T O N          Fax: --
                            E-mail: Tim.Haugh@          Rob Griffith               Alan Ritchie
Stephanie Tax                                           te Program Coodinator
                               fhwa.dot.gov                                        TE Program Coodinator
Enhancement Program Mgr.                                fhwa fl Division
Washington Department of                                                           fhwa ky Division
                            Wes Elrod                   Tallahassee, FL       Frankfort, KY 
   Transportation                                       Phone: --
Olympia, WA -      te Program Contact                                     Phone: --
Phone: --         fhwa al Division                                       Fax: --
                                                        David Kelly                E-mail: Alan.Ritchie@
Fax: --           Montgomery, AL
                                                        te Program Coodinator
E-mail: taxs@wsdot.wa.gov      -                                             fhwa.dot.gov
                                                        fhwa ga Division
                            Phone: --
                                                        Atlanta, GA           Virgil Page
WEST VIRGINIA
                                                        Phone: --        te Program Coodinator
                            Elizabeth Romero
Harold Simmons
                            te Program Coordinator                                 fhwa la Division
Enhancements Coordinator                                Jonathan Young
                            fhwa ar Division                                       Baton Rouge, LA 
WV Department of                                        te Program Coordinator
                            Little Rock, AR                                   Phone: --
   Transportation                                       fhwa hi Division
                            Phone: --
Charleston, WV                                     Honolulu, HI 
                                                                                   Rick Marquis
Phone: --                                     Phone: -- x
                            Steve Thomas                                           te Program Coordinator
Fax: --                                       Fax: () -
                            te Program Coodinator                                  fhwa ma Division
E-mail: hsimmons@mail.                                  E-mail: Jon.Young@
                            fhwa az Division                                       Cambridge, MA 
   dot.state.wv.us                                         fhwa.dot.gov
                            Phoenix, AZ                                       Phone: --
WISCONSIN
                            Phone: --
                                                        Jan Thompson
                                                                                   Murray Piper
John Duffie                                              te Program Coodinator
                            Bill Haas                                              te Program Coordinator
Enhancements Manager                                    fhwa ia Division
                            te Program Coordinator                                 fhwa md Division
Wisconsin dot                                           Ames, IA 
                            fhwa ca Division                                       Baltimore, MD -
Madison, WI -                                  Phone: --
                            Sacramento, CA                                         Phone: --
Phone: --             -
Fax: --                                       Mary Gray
                            Phone: --                                    Richard Spicer
E-mail: jduffie@                                         te Program Coodinator
                                                                                   te Program Coordinator
   mail.state.wi.us                                     fhwa id Division
                            Charmaine Farrar                                       fhwa me Division
                                                        Boise, ID 
                            te Program Coodinator                                  Augusta, ME 
W YO M I N G                                            Phone: --
                            fhwa co Division                                       Phone: --
Dave Young                  Lakewood, CO 
                                                        Janis Piland
Local Government            Phone: --                                    John Wiesner
                                                        te Program Coordinator
   Coordinator              Fax: --                                      TE Program Coordinator
                                                        fhwa il Division
Transportation Department   E-mail: charmaine.farrar@                              FHWA mi Division
                                                        Springfield, IL 
   (wtd)                       fhwa.dot.gov                                        Lansing, MI 
                                                        Phone: --
Cheyenne, WY -                                                            Phone: --
Phone: --         Amy Jackson-Grove
                                                        Joyce Newland
Fax: --           te Program Coodinator
                                                        Environmental Protection
                                                                                   Tamara Cameron
E-mail: dyoung@             fhwa ct Division                                       te Program Coordinator
                                                           Specialist
   missc.state.wi.us        Glastonbury, CT                                   fhwa mn Division
                                                        fhwa in Division
                            Phone: --                                    St.Paul, MN 



R E S O U RC E S                                                                                              79
Phone: --        Harry Kinter                Shannon Dumolt             Ginger Massie               Gary Hughes
E-mail: Tamara.Cameron@    Special Programs Manager    TE Program Coordinator     te Program Coordinator      te Program Coordinator
  fhwa.dot.gov             fhwa nh Division            fhwa ok Division           fhwa sd Division            fhwa wa Division
                           Concord, NH            Oklahoma City, OK          Pierre, SD             Olympia, WA 
Brad McMahon               Phone: --            -              Phone: --         Phone: --
te Program Coodinator      E-mail: Harry.Kinter@       Phone: -- x   Fax: --           Fax: --
fhwa mo Division              fhwa.dot.gov             Fax: --          E-mail: ginger.massie@      E-mail: Gary.Hughes@
Jefferson City, MO                                E-mail: shannon.dumolt@       fhwa.dot.gov                fhwa.dot.gov
Phone: --        Robin Schroeder                fhwa.dot.gov
E-mail: bradley.mcmahon@   te Program Coordinator      Roger Skoe                 Shane Belcher               Tom Fudaly
    fhwa.dot.gov           FHWA nj Division            te Program Coordinator     te Program Coordinator      Program Operations
                           West Trenton, NJ -     fhwa or Division           fhwa tn Division               Engineer
Cecil Vick                                         Salem, OR             Nashville, TN          fhwa wi Division
TE Program Coordinator     Phone: --         Phone: --        Phone: --         Madison, WI -
fhwa ms Division           Fax: --           Fax: --          E-mail: Shane.Belcher@      Phone: --
Jackson, MS           E-mail: Robin.Schroeder@    E-mail: Roger.Skoe@           fhwa.dot.gov             E-mail: Tom.Fudaly@
Phone: --           fhwa.dot.gov                fhwa.dot.gov                                           fhwa.dot.gov
                                                                                  Antonio Palacios
                           Greg Rawlings               Jody McCullough            te Coordinator              Jon Ventura
Bob Burkhardt
                           TE Program Coordinator      Transportation Planner     fhwa tx Division            te Program Coordinator
TE Program Coordinator
                           fhwa nm Division            fhwa pa Division           Austin, TX             fhwa wv Division
fhwa mt Division
                           Santa Fe, NM           228 Walnut St.             Phone: -- x    Charleston, WV -
Helena, MT -
Phone: --        Phone: --         Harrisburg, PA 17101       E-mail: Antonio.Palacios@   Phone: --
                           E-mail: Gregory.Rawlings@   Phone: 717-221-3703           fhwa.dot.gov             Fax: --
                              fhwa.dot.gov             E-mail: Jody.McCullough@                               E-mail: Jon.Ventura@
Michael Dawson
                                                          fhwa.dot.gov            Harlan Miller                  fhwa.dot.gov
TE Program Coodinator
                           Randy Bellard                                          te Program Coordinator
fhwa nc Division
                           TE Program Coordinator      Emigdio Isern              fhwa ut Division            Rod Vaughn
Raleigh, NC 
                           fhwa nv Division            te Program Coordinator     Salt Lake City, UT     te Program Coordinator
Phone: -- x
                           Carson City, NV        fhwa pr Division           Phone: --         fhwa wy Division
E-mail: michael.dawson@
                           Phone: --         Hato Rey, PR          E-mail: Harlan.Miller@      Cheyenne, WY 
   fhwa.dot.gov
                           Fax: --           Phone: -- X       fhwa.dot.gov            Phone: --
                           E-mail: Randy.Bellard@      E-mail: Emigdio.Isern@                                 E-mail: Rod.Vaughn@
Calvin Larson
                              fhwa.dot.gov                fhwa.dot.gov            Jerry Combs                    fhwa.dot.gov
TE Program Coordinator
                                                                                  TE Program Coordinator
fhwa nd Division
                           Jeff Firman                 Ralph Rizzo                fhwa va Division
Bismark, ND -
                           te Program Coordinator      TE Program Coordinator     Richmond, VA 
Phone: --
                           fhwa ny Division            fhwa ri Division           Phone: --
E-mail: Calvin.Larson@
                           Albany, NY             Providence, RI        E-mail: Jerry.Combs@
   fhwa.dot.gov                                        Phone: --
                           Phone: --                                        fhwa.dot.gov
                           E-mail: Jeffrey.Firmin@     E-mail: Ralph.Rizzo@
Ed Kosola                                                 fhwa.dot.gov
                               fhwa.dot.gov                                       Rob Sikora
TE Program Coordinator
                                                                                  te Program Coordinator
fhwa ne Division                                       Carol Adkins
                           Joseph Werning                                         fhwa vt Division
Lincoln, NE                                       TE Program Coordinator
                           TE Program Coordinator                                 Montpelier, VT 
Phone: --                                    fhwa sc Division
                           fhwa oh Division                                       Phone: --
Fax: --          Columbus, OH           Columbia, SC          Fax: --
E-mail: Edward.Kosola@     Phone: --         Phone: --        E-mail: Kenneth.Sikora@
   fhwa.dot.gov            E-mail: Joe.Werning@        E-mail: cadkins@              fhwa.dot.gov
                              fhwa.dot.gov                sc.fhwa.dot.gov




80                                                                                                                        R E S O U RC E S
This publication was jointly produced by the:

National Trust for Historic Preservation
 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 

Federal Highway Administration
Office of Environment and Planning
 Seventh Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 




Editors: Dan Costello and Lisa Schamess
Project Assistant: Catherine Zipf

Art directed by Marc Alain Meadows, designed by Nancy Bratton
Meadows Design Office Incorporated, Washington, D.C.

r Printed on recycled paper by Strine Printing Company, Inc., York, PA.




Cover: The historic dairy barns at Creamers Refuge in Fairbanks, Alaska
enhance the visual experience of travelers, and restoration is preserving the aesthetic
features of the landscape. Photo: Tanana-Yukon Historical Society

Page : San Francisco Ferry Terminal, c. , Photo: San Francisco Ferry Terminal, .
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Historic American Building Survey
(habs, cal, -sanfra, -)

				
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