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					                                                        VOICE
                                            The                                                                                                                                                         1
 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                 VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                               The




  Vol.7 / No.29                                                                         Weekly                                                                             Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011



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                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




                                                                                           VOICE
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    Vol.7 / No.29                                                                                                  Weekly                                                                                         Monday, July 4 - 10, 2011




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Vol.7 / No.29 - July 4 - 10 , 2011                                                                                                                                              THE VOICE WEEKLY 33




                                                                             NEWS
Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
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                                                           POLITICS
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                                                                                        INSTITUTIONAL
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  Editor in-charge - Zeya Thu
  Editor               - Kyaw Naing
  Graphic Editors - Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine
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  MandalayCorrespondent- Tin Linn ,
  Senior Reporters - Kyaw San Min, Hline Thit Zin Wai
                         Kyaw Kyaw Min,Naing Min Wai,
                         Zar Li Kyaw,
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  Photographer         - Moe Kyaw                                                      &efukef? ZGef 30
  Junior Reporters - Kyaw Zayar Htun, Aung Soe, ThuReinHlaing                                  EkdifiH&yfjcm;okdY c&D;oGm;vmMurnfh jrefrmEkdifiHom;rsm;xHrS ,cifaumufcHaeus &efukeftjynftjynf
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                         Moe Khine,Kyu Kyu Thin(Moe Myay),                             ajymif;vJ aumufcH&ef&Sd&m ,if;avqdyfcGefukd oufqkdif&mavaMumif;vkdif;rsm;rS wpfqifhxkwf,l&onfh
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  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The




                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                        The



    Vol.7 / No.29                                                                                                         Weekly                                                                                  Monday, July 4 - 10, 2011



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      6
  VOICE
The
          Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011


  EDUCATION
                                                                                                                                                                                                      LOCAL                                                                    The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           7




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    12
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     VOICE                BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                                                        Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Source : Bloomberg
 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                 EDUCATION                                                                                                      The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13




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    14
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  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                  ENVIRONMENT                                                                                                                                               The

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  16 THE VOICE WEEKLY
   16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Vol.7 / No.29 - July 4 - 10 , 2011




               PERSPECTIVE
   The
       VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                              PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     17



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     18
   The
      VOICE                 PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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                                                                                                                                                                                                          cifarmifaX;? aejynfawmf
 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                   PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           19




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     aumif;rGefwJUpDrHtkyfcsKyfrIudk                                                            D    kd                             k
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     qufvufNyD; t"dyÜm,fzGifUqdk&mrSm                                                         azazu a[majymyGJrSm Good Governance rSm yg0ifwJh                     apmapm azazajymcJhwmudk jyefaumuf&&if Good Gov-
                                                                                    tajccHpOf;pm;csuf&Spf&yfudk aqG;aEG;wifjycJhygw,f/ 'Dtcsuf ernance rSm yg0ifwJhtcsuf &SpfcsufawGuawmh -
     EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;eJh                                                      &Spfcsufudk em;vnfrS ydkrdkyDyDjyifjyifawG;ac:pOf;pm;Edkifr,fvdkY              1/ yg0ifywfoufrI
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     jzpfw,fvdkYvnf; azmfxkwfcJUygw,f/                                              ay;wJh ae&mrSm b,fyHkb,fenf;qHk;jzwfw,fqdkwm&,f? tqHk;                         5/ wm0ef,lrI
     wpfqufwnf;rSmvnf;                                                              tjzwfawGudk b,fenf;b,fyHktaumiftxnfazmfwm&,f                                   6/ trsm;qE´xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;rI
     'Drdkua&pDusifUxHk;rsm;udk vufudkifpGJNyD;                                     qdkwmawGjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY Good Governance eJY                           7/ rQwrIeJY
                                                                                    ywfoufvm&if EdkifiHa&;odyÜH? jynfolYtkyfcsKyfrIynm pD;yGm;a&;                  8/ w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;rI wdkYjzpfygw,f/
     trsm;jynfolwdkh&JY yg0ifywfoufrIudk                                            zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIynmwdkYudk uRrf;usifwwfajrmufzdkYvdktyfrSm                                        fSf f
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     tm;ay;jcif;jzpfw,fvdkhvnf;                                                     jzpfygw,f/ tckvdk azazwdkYEdkifiH&JU EdkifiHa&;tcif;tusif; Good Governance tjrefqHk;taumiftxnfazmfEdkifygapvdkY
     zGifUqdkxm;wmawGY&ygw,f/                                                       topfrSm Good Governance [m tkyfcsKyfrIa&;&meJYywfoufae azazuawmh tNrJqkawmif;aeygw,forD;/
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                                                                                    wmjzpfygw,f/ urÇmbPftaeeJY Good Governance pOf;pm;wJh                                                ygarmu©a'gufwmatmifxGef;ouf
    20
    VOICE
  The

                  PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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   BUYING GUIDE
  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011



 Vol.7 / No.29



                     New Books                                                                               MAGAZINE
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             21




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   22
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                                                                                                                                                POLITICS                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         23




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                                                                      BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                27
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                                                                                                   '
                      NET N TECH
   28
   VOICE
 The
                                                                                                                                                                     Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




Vol.7 / No.29                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                 July 4 - 10 , 2011




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                                                                                                         The Voice Weekly   wGif tcef;qufazmfjycJUonfU
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 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                       PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                  The
                                                                                                                                                                                                         29



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uawmh xrif;auR;½HkomruyJ aq;ukay;? q&m0efac:jyay;?                                                                                       udk ,lEkdifrSom acG;awGtwGufaum? &yfuGufom;awGtwGufyg
aygufyGm;EIef;enf;&avatmif oaE¨wm;aq;xdk;ay;w,fqdkyJ/                                                                                    tqifajyygvdrfhr,f/ 'Dae&mrSm rMumcPMum;ae&wJh Insti-
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rxifapcsifyg/ &efukefwpfNrdKUvHk;eJYqkdifwJh acG;avacG;vGifh                                                                             wusarG;jrLa&; pojzifh &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfolrsm;ESifh &yfuGufom;
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   30
   VOICE
 The

                 PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                             Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




qif;&JrGJawrIavQmUcsa&;ESifU pD;yGm;a&;rl0g' (3)
Poverty Reduction and Economic Policy-3
a'gufwmatmifudkudk (pD;yGm;a&;ynm? pD;yGm;a&;ay:vpD)
                  &JrGJawrI (Poverty) udk rnfodkYt"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkonf? rnfodkYavhvmtuJjzwfonf? rnfodkYwdkif;wmonfESifh rnfodkYaom pD;yGm;a&;udef;&Sifrsm; (Economic Variables) udk o½kyfcGJonf
qif;              (Classify) ESifh pD;yGm;a&;udef;&Sifrsm;tMum;wGif &Sdavh&Sdx&Sdaom qufpyfrI (Inter-relationship) udk od&Sd&efvdktyfaMumif;tjyif qif;&JrGJawrIudkavhvmvQif EdkifiHwGif;&Sd tdrfaxmifpkrsm;
(Households) tMum;wGif&Sdaom aiGaMu;pD;qif;rIyHkoP²mefESifhwuG ,if;tdrfaxmifpktoD;oD;\0ifaiGESifh oHk;pGJrIwdkY uGm[rIyHkoP²mefwdkYudk The Voice Weekly wGif azmfjyxm;NyD;jzpfonfh (1) ESifh
(2) wGif xnfhoGif;a&;om;cJhNyD;jzpfonf/ xdkYtwl qif;&JrGJawrIjyóemqdk;usKd;rsm;ESifh aemufqufwGJrsm; (Consequences) udkvnf; a&;om;cJhonf/ xdkYtwl qif;&JrGJawrIjyóemudk csOf;uyf
ajz&Sif;&mwGif odoifhodxdkufaomtcsufrsm;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;u@tvdkuf aygif;NcHKpOf;pm;um pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'rsm;udk rnfodkYjyifqifaqmif&Gufxm;oifhonfudk tusOf;csKyfa&;xm;cJhonf/
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          qif;&JrGJawrI (Poverty) [lonf pD;yGm;a&;ynmwGif wdYk rwlnonftavsmuf pma&;olu ,if;tcsufay:wGivnf;                          f
t"dyÜm,ftrsKd;rsKd;zGifhqdkavh&Sdaomfvnf; pma&;oltaejzifh o½kyfcGJavhvmygonf/ Oyrm-pma&;olavhvmvsuf&Sdaom
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wpfaeY 0ifaiG tar&duefEpa':vm (wpfva':vm 60) atmuf 'Observation of Income-Categories, Income-Generations, In-
  d l
&Sorsm;udk Moderate Poverty ? wpfaeY0ifaiGtar&duefwpfa':vm come Inequality & Poverty Measurement in Myanmar'
(wpfva':vm 30) atmuf&Sdolrsm;udk Extreme Poverty [k okawoetwGuf pma&;olonf Field-Surveys ESifh Direct and
urÇmhukvor*¾ owfrSwfcsuftwdkif;vnf;aumif;? rdrd0ifaiG Indirect Observations, Questionaries and Qualitative Meth-
\ 70 &mcdkifEIef;udk tpm;taomufp&dwfwGif ukefusaevQif ods rsm;jzifh aus;vuf (Rural) ESifh NrdKUjy (Urban) aejynfolrsm;?
vnf; Poverty Line atmufwGif&Sdolrsm;[lívnf;aumif; uRrf;usif (Skilled) ESifh ruRrf;usif (Unskilled) vkyfom;rsm;?
t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkcsuftwdkif; avhvmwdkif;wmonf/                                            S                  l           f
                                                                             ynmwwfEihf ynmrwwforsm;\vkycvpm 0ifaiG tp&Sonf           d
          Oyrm - jrefrmEdkifiHwGif ,aeYcefYrSef;ajcvlOD;a&oef; 60 wdkYudk wwftm;oa&GUpkaqmif;um o½kyfcGJjcif; (Classification)
&Sdonfqdkygu ,if;vlOD;a&udk tdrfaxmifpkaygif; (Households) udk jyKvkyfonf/ xdkYaemuf ,if;wdkYudk 0ifaiGtkyfpkBuD;rsm; (In-
ta&twGufrnfrQcefY&Sdrnfenf;qdkonfudk tMurf;tm;jzifh od&Sd come Categories) udk tkyfpkig;pkcGJjcm;NyD; yxr0ifaiGtkyfpk (In-
&efvdktyfonf/ tdrfaxmifpkwpfpkwGif vlOD;a&ig;OD; (uav;? come-Category-1 Low) udk vpOfyHkrSef0ifaiG 30ç000 usyf (30
vlBuD; tygt0if) &Sdonfqdkygu ,if;udk Family Size rSm ig;OD; US$ cefU) rS 60ç000 usyf (60 US$ cefY) atmuf&Sdolrsm;jzpfNyD;?
       kd kd              kd f H kH            f         k
[kqEiNf yD; wpfEiiv;wGif ysrf;rQtdraxmifpaygif; 12 oef;cefY 'kwd,0ifaiGtkyfpk (Income Category-2 Medium) udk vpOf
&Sdonf[k Assume vkyfonf/ tu,fí tdrfaxmifpkwpfckwGif 0ifaiGajcmufaomif;usyfrS av;odef;usyftxd&Sdolrsm;? wwd,
vlOD;a& ckepfOD;cefY&Sdonf[kqdkvQif wpfEdkifiHvHk;wGif tdrfaxmif 0ifaiGtkyfpk (Income Category-3 Medium High) udkrl vpOf
pkaygif;ysrf;rQ 8oef;ausmf&Sdonf[k ,lqEdkifonf/ (rSwfcsuf/ ysrf;rQ0ifaiGav;odef;usyfrS usyfodef; 40 txd (Around 400-
                f kd S
þtcsuwYrm pm&if;tif;ynmt& cefYre;f wGucsuEionf/) S      f f kd f             4000 USD) &Sdolrsm;? pwkw¬0ifaiGtkyfpk Income Cetegory-4
          xdkYaemuf vlig;OD;&Sdaom tdrfaxmifpkwpfckwGif wpfaeY (High) udk vpOfysrf;rQ0ifaiG usyfav;oef;rS usyoef; 40              f
                                                                                                                d l
tedrfhqHk;0ifaiG tar&duefESpfa':vm (ESpfa':vmESifh nDrQaom (Around 4000-40ç000 USD) &Sorsm;ESihf yOör0ifaiGtkyfpk In-
0ifaiG) &Sd&efvdktyfonf[k owfrSwfvQif ,if;tdrfaxmifpk come-Category-5 (Highest) udkrl vpOfysrf;rQ0ifaiG usyfoef;
twGuf wpfaeYvQif tar&duefa':vm 10 a':vmESifhnDrQaom 40 (Around 40ç000 USD) ESifh txuf&Sdolrsm;[lí cGJjcm;NyD; ESihf 0ifaiG&&SykH (Income Generations) (qdvonfrm tvkytudif
                                                                                                                                                          d                        k kd       S    f k
0ifaiG&&efvtyfonf/ « þwGif tu,fí ,if;tdraxmifpwif ,if;0ifaiGtkyfpktvdkuf 0ifaiG&&SdrIyHkoP²mef (Income Genera- trsK;tpm;ay:rlwnfum 0ifaiGjzpfwnfrI uGjJ ym;aomoabmudk
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ausmif;aeqJuav; odYkr[kwf toufBuD;&ifaomvlBuD;rsm;&SvQif tions) ESifhwuG 0ifaiGtkyfpktvdkuf tvkyftudkifjcm;em;rI avhvmjcif;jzpfonf/) wdYk ukd aygif;NcHKum o½kycjJG cif; (Analysis)         f
vnf; ,if;tdrfaxmif\t"du0ifaiG&Smolu ,if;tdrfaxmifpk yHkoP²mef (Occupations) wdkYudkyg avhvm&onf/ qdkvdkonfrSm jyKvky&onf/ þwGif avhvmo½kyfcGJolay:rlwnfNyD; &&Sdaom
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0iftm;vHk;\ ukefusp&dwftwGuf ukefus&aomaMumifhjzpf 0ifaiGtkyfpkwpfckcsif;tvdkuf &SdEdkifaomvlOD;a&yrmPESifh awGU&Sdcsufrsm;vnf; rwlnDEdkifqdkonfhtcsufESifh rnfodkYaom                                 om
onf/ 0ifaiGr&Sdaomfvnf; pm;oHk;rIESifh tajccHoHk;pGJrIwdkYtwGuf tcsKd;tpm;wdkYudk cefYrSef;wGufcsufjcif;jzpfonf/ EdkifiHwpfckudk Economic Literature ESifh Methodology udktoHk;jyKonfqdkaom
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yHao0ifaiGonf &SNd rJ&&aomaMumifjh zpfonf/» tu,fí vlO;a& txufwGifa&;cJhovdk tdrfaxmifpkrsm;jzifh ta&twGufydkif;jcm; uGm[rItenf;ESifhtrsm;&SdEdkifonf/ xdkYtjyif tdrfaxmifpkrsm;                         sm;
ckepfOD;&Sdaomtdrfaxmifpk (Household) wGif tedrfhqHk;wpfaeY vQif &&Sdvmaom tdrfaxmifpkta&twGuf (cefYrSef;) ESifhwuG udk t"du0ifaiGtkyfpkBuD;rsm;t& cGJjcm;&mwGif t"duta&;BuD;
0ifaiGtar&duefa':vm 14 a':vmvdktyfNyD; wpfvvQif pD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvHk;\ ukefxkwfvkyfrIyrmP (Total Produc- onfrSm qif;&JrGJawrIvdkif; (Poverty Line) atmufwGif&SdEdkifrnfh
tenf;qHk;0ifaiG tar&duefa':vm 420 &Sd&rnfjzpfonf/ tivity) ? tvkyftudkif cGJjcm;vkyfudkifrIyHkoP²mef (Division of vlOD;a&ta&twGuf (tdrfaxmifpk0ifrsm;) ESifh EdkifiH\ (EdkifiH
                                                                                                                                                   k f dS          f k f
«þwGif pD;yGm;a&;ynmoabmt& tdrfaxmifpkESifh rdom;pk \ Labours) ? 0ifaiG&&SdyHk (Income Generations) ESifh 0ifaiGpD;qif; tvdu&aeaom tvkytudiaps;uGuf (Job Market) ESihf tvkyf
      Ü                 D                                          fl             k              G f      f k f
t"dym,frwlnyg/ pD;yGm;a&;ynmonf Household ay:wGirwnf yHk yHoP²mef? jynfwi;xkwvyrI (Domestic Production) yrmP orm;aps;uGuf (Labour Market) toD;oD;\tajctae? rufc½dk
um avhvmoHk;oyfygonf/»                                                       ESifh jynfwGif;pm;oHk;rI (Domestic Consumption) yrmP? EdkifiH pD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfv;\taetxm;? aps;uGup;yGm;a&;pepf yDjyif
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          odkYqdkvQif jrefrmEdkifiHom;wpfOD;csif; (uav;? vlBuD; jcm;rS wifoi;ukersm;ESihf jynfyydYk uersm; paom pD;yGm;a&;ude; rItajctae? jynfwGif; jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItajctaeESifh tjcm;
tygt0if) onf wpfvvQif tedrfhqHk;tar&duefa':vm 60 &Sifrsm;ESifhwuG pma&;ola&;om;cJhaom uGif;qif;avhvmrIrsm; aomvlrIpD;yGm;udef;&Sifrsm;udk aygif;NcHKxnfhoGif;pOf;pm;um
(wpfESpfvQif tar&duefa':vm 720) &Sd&rnfjzpfonf/ wpfcsdef (Field Surveys) ESifh avhvmoHk;oyfrIrsm; (Observations) udk pma&;ol owfrSwfygonf/ xdkYaemuf rufc½dkpD;yGm;a&; tay:
                                                                                                                              k
wnf;wGif tajccHpm;oHk;ukefypönf;rsm;\ aps;EIef;rsm;jrifhrm; aygif;NcHKum pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'rsm;udk avhvmoH;oyfjcif;ESihf Policy wGif ajymif;vJrIrsm; (Oyrm-rl0g'tajymif;tvJrsm; tygt0if)
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vmygu EdkifiHom;rsm; (EdkifiHom;trsm;pk) \ pm;0wfaea&; Simulations rsm; jyKvky&onf/ qif;&JrawrIjyóemudk avhvm \ ½dkufcwfrIrsm;udk Simulation vkyf&ef vG,fulaom yHkoP²mef
                                                                                      d        k        kfH                  lID
tajctaeESifhwuG qif;&JrGJawrIrSm ydkrdkBuD;xGm;vmayrnf/ vQif rdravhvmvdaom Edii\taxGaxGvrp;yGm;a&;tajctae udk cefYrSef;Munfhjcif;jzpfonf/
wpfcsdefwnf;wGif EdkifiHom;rsm;\ 0ifaiG&&SdrIyHkoP²mefESifhwuG rsm; (Overall Socio-Economic Conditions) ESifhwuG ,if;EdkifiH
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tvkytuditrsKd;tpm;rsm;ay:wGivnf; rlwnfum 0ifaiG&&SrI wGif;&Sd pD;yGm;a&;zGJUpnf;wnfaqmufyHk (Economic Structure) a'gufwmatmifudkudk (pD;yGm;a&;ynm?pD;yGm;a&;ay:vpD)


                                                                       CARTOON OF THE WEEK
   Vol.7 / No.29 - July 4 - 10 , 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                 THE VOICE WEEKLY 31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 31




                     INTERVIEW
  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The




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pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m tvkyf&kHaqG;aEG;yGJrsm;usif;yay;cJhonfukdawGU&Sd&onf/ okdYaomfvnf;aiGaMu;rl0g'ESifhb@ma&;ay:vpDrsm;udkrl tpkd;&opfvufxufwGif wdusa&&mpGm xkwfjyef
ajymqkdjcif;r&Sdao;ay/ aiGaMu;rl0g'ESifhb@ma&;ay:vpDrsm;udkrl ,cifpepfa[mif;twkdif;oGm;rnfavm? jyifqifrnfavmqkdaom ar;cGef;rsm;uvnf; pD;yGm;a&;tokdif;t0kdif;wGif us,fjyefYpGm
xGufay:vsuf&Sdonf/ xkdokdYar;cGef;xkwfaecsdefwGifyif jrefrmaiGwefzdk;rS m vkyfief;rsm; vnfywfrI&yfwefYoGm;aponftxd tjrifhykdif;okdYOD;wnfwufaeonf/ ydkYukeform;rsm; txl;ojzif h                                                                                                                                ojzif
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tusutar&duefor®w&JUpD;yGm;a&; w,f / a':vmvuf x J r S m xm;NyD ;                                                                                                                                                                   Voice: obm0"mwfaiGU? ausmuf
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tckusawmh urÇmhaiGaMu;pepfxJukd olwYkd awGu a':vmaps;us&ifvnf;                                                                                                                                                                    wkdif;jynfpD;yGm;a&;eJY ywfoufvdkY
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      a':vm&Sd&if csrf;omw,f?                   Dr.TS: tar&duefa':vm&JU w&m;                                                                                                     d l
                                                                                                                  aps;uGufzefwD;ay;&r,f/ a':vmeJY w&m;0ifr&Sb;/ w&m;r0ifaps;uGuf tm;wufrS rmw,f/ 0,fEipr;tm;                                                                                        dk f G f
      pdwfcs&w,fqkdNyD;                                                                                                    J S f I f
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      a':vmeJhaiGay;aiG,l                       Voice: aiGaMu;aps;EIef;wnfNidrfzdkY                               odcsifygw,f/                            tcGifhrombl;/ tcGifhomwJhtcGefeJY trsm;BuD;yJ/
      vkyfwJUolawGykdxdwmaygh/                  qkd&if bmawGvkyfzdkYvdkvJ/                                        Dr.TS: b@ma&;0ef B uD ; XmerS m         aiGvJEIef;jzpfatmif vkyfay;&r,f/
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    32
    VOICE
  The

                      INTERVIEW                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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od&ygw,f/ tbtaeeJYa&m ysuf yg usaeawmh yJykdYukeftwGuf ykdqkd; ovJ/ pkdufysKd;awmifolawG wpf                                                                           txl;jyKukrÜPDawGuawmU a>cavShoefhpifpufawG?
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awmfrsm;ygw,f/ rwfvxJrSm vmeD vkdY qkdif;Mu&wmawGvnf; &Sdw,f/ jzpfoGm;wmawG&Sdw,f/ ta&mif;                                                                             t&ifESpfawGwnf;u pvkyfcJhMuwmyg/
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avsmhoGm;wm/ yJwDpdrf;awGuvnf; awmifolacgif;yJvmxdwmygyJ/                                                                                                                                    l
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b,fvkd&SdygovJ/                                   wnf;rIawmh &Sdwmayghav/ txl;jyK NyD;aemufykdif; jrefrmEkdifiHrSm &moD BuD;eJY wvif;xJta&muf uGif;awG awmifoawGbufuvnf; jyifay;Ekif                                       l                                              d
UTM : 'DESpfu yJaumif;enf;NyD;                                                                                                                                             S
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  v,f,mvkyf - 48 ESpf                                                                                     pdwf0ifwpm;jyifqifvkyfukdifvmwm pdr;eJY ,SO&if nHao;w,f/ awmifol acs;aiGcsay;&if trsm;BuD; tqif
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   Vol.7 / No.29 - July 4 - 10 , 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                      THE VOICE WEEKLY 33
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               33
  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The




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    34
    VOICE
  The

                      TIPS                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




Learning English
aZ,sol
742. run out of gas                                  kf
                                             wpf[ex;dk wufaewJh tdr?f jcH? ajraps;             olvkyforQ b,ftvkyfrSmyJjzpfjzpf                okH;yg;vkH; 0D&d,&SdrS tvkyfawGrSm         that they are not afraid of hi-tech
]tm;ukefoGm;jyD}/ wdkuf½dkufjyef&if                          f G
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                                                                                               pjyD;wmeJY rMumcif tm;ukeom;wwf                atmifjrifrSmyg/                            stuff. They are young at heart.
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awmh qDueom;jyD? "mwfaiGUukeom;                         d hf
                                             rIMuD;jzpfvrr,fvYkd wcsKUd ua[mude;    f          wJhtusifh olYrSm&Sdw,f/                        743. (and) the rest is history                 d             h      f
                                                                                                                                                                                         olYrbawGaumif;wJwpfcsuu enf;
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If booming real estate prices run out        He has a habit of running out of gas                                 f     d
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                                                                                                                                              &Si;jywJtcserm tm;vk;odjyD;om;udk          wmbJ/ pdwfuysKdwkef;av/
of gas, economy can be in deep
recession, some argued.
                                             soon after the start of every job he
                                             takes up.
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                                                                                               wJh 0D&,qdjk yD; ok;yg;yg/ p? v,f? qk;H            Learning English
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                                                                                                                                              xyfr&Si;awmhbJ tckvajymvduwm
                                                                                                                                              rsKd;yg/
                                                                                                                                                       f                                 Young-at-heart U Mya Gyi plays
                                                                                                                                                                                         football every day on the road.
                                                                                                                                              Apple created iPod, then iPad, and             f          f
                                                                                                                                                                                         pdwuEkysKdaewke;jzpfwhJ OD;jrMuD;[m
                                                                                                                                              the rest is history.                                         H       kd f
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                                 JOKE OF THE WEEK                                                                                                      Ü D
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                                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                   udk xkww,f?
                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                              aemuf iPad xkww,f? usewmuawmh
                                                                                                                                                                          f              &Sdw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                         747. a man of his word
                                                                                                                                              tm;vkH;odwJhtwdkif;yJ/                     ]uwdwpfvkH;wnfwJhol}/ ]qdkcJap?
                                                 tazESifU orD;rsm;                                                                            Google started their operation in a                                      h
                                                                                                                                                                                         jrJap}/ uwday;jyD;&if ay;xm;wJuwd
         zcifudk orD;oHk;OD;uajymonf/                                                                                                         garage, and the rest is history.                 kf     hJ l
                                                                                                                                                                                         twdi;wnfwoyg/ ‘a woman of her
    yxrorD; / / 'uf'D? orD;vufxyfawmhr,f/ b,foleJYvJqdkawmh z&uf'feJY/ olu a&SUae 'uf'D&JU/                                                              Ü          k        Hk
                                                                                                                                              Google ukrPMD uD;[m *da'gifwpfv;                             H               d
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    zcif        / / aumif;w,f/ ighorD; w&m;olBuD;jzpfaevdrfhr,f/
                                                                  EEK
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                                                                                                                                              xJrSm pwifcJh&w,f? usefwmawmh
                                                                                                                                                  Learning English
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                                                          S              d d          f
                                                                                                                                              744. is here to stay                       A man of his word, U Wa bought

                                OK  J
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                                                                                                                                                                                         the farm at an agreed price.
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                      jzpfoGm;vdrfhr,f/                                                     YMO
                                                                                                                                              aeYpOfb0xJrSm a&mufvmr,fvdkY               0,fw,f/
                                                                                                                                              ajymwmyg/                                  Her reputation as a woman of her
                                                    'Follow C'                                                                                Whether we like it or not, Korean          word helps her business.
          tmz&duwdkufawmwGif;wpfae&mwGif tar&duefwpfOD;? *syefwpfOD;ESifh w½kwfwpfOD;wdkY vrf;avQmuf                                          foods are here to stay.                    uwdwnfwJhtrsdK;orD;vdkY emrnf
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                                                      H ku                       W                                                                Learning English
                                                                                                                                              udk&D;,m; tpm;taomufawG[m                  udk taxmuftuljzpfapw,f/
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    tr / / bmjzpfvdkYvJawmh/ b,folYrdrdaygh/
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                                                                                                YMO
                                                                                                                                              745. move heaven and earth
                                                                                                                                              to do                                                        kd
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                                                                                   hJ   k kd kd                                               r,fwJh/ emrnfausmf pum;wpfvkH;             xm;wJh uwdawGvnf;wnfzdkY ta&;
        tbd k ; td k / / bmrSr[kwygbl;armif&m/ oGm;r&Swm? vlre;rodwm? vkycsi&mvkywmudajymwm .../
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                          / / bmjzpfvdkYvJ/                                                                                                       Learning English
                                                                                                                                              They bowed to move heaven and
                                                                                                                                              earth to accomplish what they had
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                                                                                 W                                                            dreamed for all their life.                tJvdkrvkyf&if uwdrwnf&if udk,f
                                                            HE
                                                   OF T
                              ae&wmaygh/ [l; .../                                                                                             olwdkYb0wpfavQmufvkH; tdyfruf              ajymwJhtwdkif;vkyfr,fvdkY udk,fhpdwf

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        ajz               / / aiGaygNyD; um;taMumif;em;rvnfwJhvlawGu BudKuf aewmudk;/                                                         oEdé|mefcsxm;Muw,f/                        awmhygbl;/ pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;topf
                                                                                                                                              She surprised everyone by moving           wpfck atmifjrifatmifvkyfr,fqdkjyD;
        awmf r D          / / oli,fcsif;/ rif; rdef;rudk t&rf;aMumuf&w,fqkd/                                                                  heaven and earth to win his love.                f       kd        k hf d f
                                                                                                                                                                                         pvkyw,fqygpdYk / ud,pwu ud,hf           k
        a*smf v D         / / r[kwfygbl;uGm/ olxkwfxm;wJh Oya'pnf;rsOf;awGudk tjynfht0vkdufemwmyg/                                                   f kd
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        wynfhrsm;         /   / q&m/ uRefawmfwdkY EkdifiHu qif;&Jw,fqdk/                                                                      746.young at heart                         aew,fvdkY pdwfu r,kHygbl;/ 'gqdk
        q&m               /   / r[kwfwmuGm/ q&mwdkY rcsrf;omao;wmyg/                                                                          ]pdwfu ysKdwkef;}/ toufodyfri,f            tJ'Dvkyfief; atmifjrifatmif pdwfu
        wynfhrsm;         /   / b,fawmhcsrf;omrvJq&m/
        q&m               /   / tJ'DudpöyJaygh/ tdrfrSm rdef;reJY&efjzpfae&w,f/                                                YMO
                                                                                                                                                                   kd
                                                                                                                                              awmhayr,fh vli,fawGvyJ jzpfaeolawG/        b,ftMuHÓPfxkwfygawmhrvJ/
                                                                                                                                              What is good about his parents is                                           aZ,sol

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  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                         TIPS                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    35



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    SELF- HELP
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   The Rules of Life                                                                                                                                              Nidrf0yfydjym;rIwnfaqmufa&;tzJGU xkH;Oya'yk'fr 561-u t&acszsuf
   Dress like today is important                                                                                                                                  Ouú| ukdat;vGiftay: ta&;,lay; ay;&ef avQmufxm;onfh þtaxG
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   Richard Templar                                                                                                                                                ,if;wkdifMum;csufESifh pyfvsOf;í ppf rSwfcJhygonf/
   jrESi;f qD (Mra Hninzi) bmomjyefqonf                              dk                                                                                                     h            d k
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                                                                                                                                                                  onfhtwkdif; ay:aygufjcif;r&Sdí OD;? wpfzJGU\ rrSefuefaom vkyf&yf
                     But what about weekends, I hear you ask, surely we can relax then? Of course, but it doesn't mean you                                        wkdifMum;olukdxGef;ay:yg ig;OD;wkdY rsm;ukd ¤if;\ txuft&m&Sdrsm;?
     should let yourself go. At weekends, you're going to see friends and/or family/ (unless you spend every
     weekend totally alone) and they too derserve to see you looking good, and as if they matter. Hey, not even
                                                                                                                                                                  tay: jypfrIqkdif&mOya'yk'fr 211 tmPmykdiftzJGUtpnf;rsm;okdY wkdif
     your friends want to see you slovenly, dishevelled, untidy, uncared for. But this bit is really about you. If                                                t& ta&;,lay;&ef ukdat;vGifu Mum;cGifh&SdygaMumif;? wkdifMum;csuf
     you greet each day as if it is important, then it will do wonders to your self-esteem, your self-respect, your                                               wkdifwef;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/                              onf rSefuefaMumif; ppfaq;awGU&Sd
     self-confidence.                                                                                                                                                         jypfrIqkdif&mOya'yk'fr 211 ygu wkdifMum;cH&olrSm ta&;,lcH&
                     xkdokdYqkdvQif pae? we*FaEGaeYrsm;wGifa&m avQmhavQmhayghaygh r0wfEkdifaybl;vm;[k oifar;onfukd                                                              d             d
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     olwkdYtwGuf Munfhaysmf½Iaysmfjzpfoihfayonf/ olwkdYta&;ygouJhokdY 0wfpm;yg/ oihfrdwfaqGrsm;onfvnf;                                                            onfh tmPmykdifwpfOD;OD;tm; wpfpkH w&m;pJGqkdcH&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? xkdY
     oihudk zkozwfo?D z½kz&J? zk;½k;zm;&m;? ypfpvufcwfypjH zihf jrifawGUvkonfr[kwyg/ okYd aomf ,cktyki;onf
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                                                                                                                                                                  xkdpOfu EGm;vQm½kd;aus;&GmNidrf0yfyd                                   atmifEkdif(vufyHwef;)
  36
  VOICE
The




 OPEN LETTER
                    LETTER                                                                                                                                               Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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trsm;jynfolawGtaeeJY ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm xdawGUcHpm;vmcJh&wJh tawGUtBuHKawGaMumifh tajymif;tvJ Change udk vdkcsifaeMuwmyg/
        txl;ojzifh 'DuaeY a&yef;pm;aewJh Good Governance eJY Clean Government udpöudkawmfawmfBuD; arQmfvifhaeMuygw,f/ aemufwpfckuvnf; zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'&JU
tESpfom&udkcHpm;vdkMujcif;vnf;jzpfEkdifygw,f/
        vlYobm0u ypönf;a[mif;qdk&if odyfrvdkvm;wwfMuygbl;/ pGefYypfwwfMuygw,f/ txl;ojzifh xD;a[mif;? zdeyfa[mif;qdk&if pGJpGJNrJNrJ udkifaqmifxm;avhr&SdMuygbl;/ rdrdudk ae'Pf?
rdk;'PfrS umuG,fay;&r,fhxD; udkif;usKd;aevdkY&Sd&if 'grSr[kwf a[mif;EGrf;aygufNyJaevdkY&Sd&if aA'ifta[maMumifh r[kwfawmif tjrefqHk;pGefYypfavh&SdwwfMuygw,f/




                         ER
        'DvdkyJ &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSm ormorwfruscJhwJh wpfcsdefu Ouú|BuD;vdkY ac:rS BudKufwwfMuwJh tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;vdkrsKd;? 'Drdkua&pDvlYabmifrSm axmifaxmifaxmifaxmifaewmudk b,folu
rS rjrifcsifMuawmhyg/ 'Dae&mrSm &yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;csnf;r[kwfyg/ NrdKUe,f? c½dkiftqifhu 0efxrf;rsm;vnf; owdjyK&efjzpfygw,f/ Ouú|jzpfvkdufwmeJY rdrd&JU0efxrf;b0udk arhxm;wwfMuwJh




                       TT
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        BuHKwkef;rdkY twdwfu udk,fawGUjzpf&yfwpfckudk ewfoHaESmjycsifygw,f/ 'Dudpöpm;NrHKUjyefjy&wmudkawmh pdwfraumif;jzpfrdygw,f/




                     LE
        &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; c½dkifwpfcku NrdKUe,fwpfckrSm vGefcJhwJhav;ESpfavmufu tjzpftysufwpfckyg/ tdk;tdrfu aqmufvkyfay;cJhwJh tdrf&mwpfck&JU om,ma&; aumfrwDzGJUpnf;a&;udpöeJY
aemufqufwGJjzpfay:vmwJh aiGa&;aMu;a&;udpörSm udkif;usKd;aewJh xD;udk aqmif;cJh&wJhtjzpfyg/
        tJ'Dtdrf&m&JU om,ma&;aumfrwD topfa&G;cs,fyGJ tpnf;ta0;udk NrdKUe,fOuú|BuD;udk,fwkdifwufa&mufNyD; obmywdvkyfcJhygw,f/ ,cifu tdk;tdrf&JU vrf;ñTefcsufeJY toHk;jyKxm;wJh ]pDrH




                  EN
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People , by the People, for the people qdkwJh jynfolYacwfudka&mufvdkMujcif;yJ jzpfygw,f/                                                                               rif;xif&Sm;(&efukef) 15-6-2011

      LETTER TO THE EDITOR

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      The Voice Weekly
             8-6-2011 aeYpGJwyfí a&;om;aom acgif;BuD;ydkif;udk Jun 13-19, 2011 aeYxkwf*sme,fwGif zwf&ygonf/
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                 LETT
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             4/ EdkifiHa&;odyÜHynmudk tajccHrSpí vlNydef;em;vnfvG,fonfh pum;ajyjzifh ydkYcsay;aom oifcef;pmu@wpfckudk tywfpOfxnfhoGif;ay;EdkifvQif tvGefaumif;ygrnf/ EdkifiHa&;udk
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             5/ Voice of the Week u@udk wdk;csJUazmfjyay;yg&ef arwåm&yfcHygonf/
             6/ þpmtwGuf jyefMum;csufrsm;udk *sme,fwGifapmifhzwfygrnf/ qufqufjyefMum;ay;apvdkygonf/
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  Vol.7 / No.29 - July 4 - 10 , 2011                                                                                                                                                            THE VOICE WEEKLY 37
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           37




FOREIGN AFFAIRS
  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
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    38
    VOICE
  The

                              FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                      FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   39



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   The
      40
       VOICE                    FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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   Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                   FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The

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                                 FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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                                   43
Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                               VOICE
                             The
  44
  VOICE
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          Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
  Vol.7 / No.29 - July 4 - 10 , 2011                                                                                                                                                                                                                  THE VOICE WEEKLY 45
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                                                                                    SPORT
  Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
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                     SPORT                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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                                   47
Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
                               VOICE
                             The
  48
  VOICE
The
          Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011
 Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011


 INSTITUTIONAL
                                                                                                         MANDALAY                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          49




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                   SOCIETY                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, July 4 - 10 , 2011




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                                                                                                                                          SOCIETY                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The
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