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The Huffington Post The Huffington Post CHICAGO — Taking aim at a

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									                              The Huffington Post
CHICAGO — Taking aim at a longstanding rite of passage for 16-year-olds, an
influential auto safety group is calling on states to raise the age for getting a driver's
license to 17 or even 18.

Adrian Lund, president of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, a research
group funded by the auto insurance industry, acknowledged the idea is "a tough sell,"
but noted that car crashes are the leading cause of death among teenagers.

"The bottom line is that when we look at the research, raising the driving age saves
lives," Lund said. He plans to present the proposal Tuesday at the annual conference
of the Governors Highway Safety Association in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Not surprisingly, a lot of teens hate the idea.

"I would really be upset because I've waited SO long to drive," said Diane Wright, a
16-year-old in Reading, Pennsylvania, who got her permit in July. She said learning to
drive is a "growing-up experience."

Many parents agree. They also like not having to chauffeur their teens to school,
sporting events and any number of other places.

"Do we really want our kids dependent upon parents for virtually everything until
they go to college, can vote and serve their country?" asked Margaret Menotti, a
mother from Massachusetts.

She argued that keeping teens from driving would only make them less responsible.

Among other things, institute researchers have compiled decades worth of data from
New Jersey, the only state that issues licenses at 17. Various studies have shown
that the overall rate of teens killed in crashes in New Jersey has been consistently
lower than in some nearby states.

One study from the 1990s found that the rate of crash-related deaths among 16-
and 17-year olds were 18 per 100,000 in New Jersey, compared with 26 per 100,000
in Connecticut. Those rates, researchers said, have dropped even further since both
states instituted graduated driver's license programs.
Graduated licensing, which has become the standard across the country in the past
15 years, requires teens to spend more time driving with a parent or other
responsible adult before they go solo. Though these rules are sometimes difficult to
enforce, many states tie these more stringent standards to declining teen crash
rates.

More than 5,000 U.S. teens die each year in car crashes. The rate of crashes, fatal
and nonfatal, per mile driven for 16-year-old drivers is almost 10 times the rate for
drivers ages 30 to 59, according to the National Highway Safety Administration.
Many industrialized countries in Europe and elsewhere have a driving age of 17 or 18.

Barbara Hirsh, executive director of the Governors Highway Safety Association, said
she welcomes a debate on raising the driving age _ as do many who deal with public
health.

"Getting the highest of the high-risk drivers away from the wheel probably isn't a
bad idea," said Dr. Barbara Gaines, trauma director at Children's Hospital of
Pittsburgh of UPMC.

But she and others _ even the Insurance Institute officials who propose raising the
driving age _ agreed it is not the only option.

Gaines noted that teen drivers in the Pittsburgh area who have committed moving
violations must attend a "reality education" program at her hospital. They tour the
intensive care unit and talk with young drivers who have been in serious crashes.

Andrea Summers, coordinator of the teen driving program for the Delaware Office
of Highway Safety, said her state and others have chosen to toughen laws without
raising the driving age _ by banning teens from using cell phones while driving,
imposing stricter driving curfews and expanding supervised driving time. Even New
Jersey is considering lengthening the time a young driver has a permit, from six
months to 12.

Still others say we are worrying too much about teen drivers, and not enough about
others who cause serious problems on the road.

Karen Sternheimer, a University of Southern California sociologist who studies
accident statistics, cited federal data from 2007 showing that drivers ages 25 to
34, as well as those ages 45 to 64, were nearly twice as likely to be involved in
alcohol-related fatalities as 16- to 20-year-old drivers.
"The intense focus on teens diverts our attention from the real threats to public
safety: speeding and driving while intoxicated," she said.

_______________________________________________________________




      Would raising the driving age to 18 save more lives?

  The Insurance Institute on Highway Safety thinks so, but
                    other opinions vary.
            By WENDI ZONGKER, The Daily Sun
When tragedy strikes, human nature is to try and make sense of why it happened. But
it can be difficult to determine the cause when the tragedy is young people dying in
car accidents.

In Riverside County's most recent incident, Kaleb Whittemore and Diane Mumford,
both 16, died following an auto accident September 7th while on the way home from
church.

Mumford is believed to be the 12th Riverside High School student killed in an vehicle
accident since 2001, and the sixth since 2005. But circumstances were different in
each case.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety thinks raising the driving age to 17 or
18 would reduce the number of teenagers dying in car accidents.

In Florida, learner's permits are issued at 15 and driver's licenses at 16.

Hillard Middle-Senior High School Principal Dale Braddock supports raising Florida's
driving age to 18.

So do some teenagers.

Hilliard sophomore Emily Jackson, 16, first said she would be upset if she had to wait
until she turned 17 to get a license, but then she said raising the age could reduce
the number of young drivers in accidents.

Riverside senior Taneisha Bonhomme, 18, agreed.
"Most teens are dying at 16," she said.

According to the Florida Highway Patrol, 25,000 drivers aged 16 to 18 were involved
in car accidents in 2006, the latest year statistics are available. About 13,500 of
them involved 16- and 17-year-old drivers. Of those accidents, 411 were fatal.

"Thinking about it, it's probably not a bad idea, but from a teenager's point of view it
is," Jackson said. "But from an adult perspective, it probably saves lives."

Despite the statistics on teenagers involved in car accidents, Hilliard sophomore
Zack Jensen is adamantly against raising the driving age.

"I think it should stay 16," Jensen said. "When you turn 16, you're ready to drive."

Riverside High School sophomore Brent Shinkle, 15, said keeping the driving age at 16
gives students more time to learn to drive.

Fernando Beach High School senior Britt York, 18, said raising the driving age would
inconvenience students like himself who have after-school jobs.

The inconvenience to students and parents is one reason why Katherine Maynard, a
Hilliard parent, said she isn't sure where she stands on the issue.

"I can see both sides," she said. "But if they leave it at 16, it is the parents' decision
to let the student drive before they are 18."

Yulee High School junior Jeffrey Beluscak, 17, said if the driving age were raised,
the age teenagers can get a learner's permit should remain 15 to give them more
learning time.

Yulee High junior Ashley Bunk, 17, said parents don't spend enough time teaching
their children to drive and inexperience could be a factor in accidents.

If inexperience is causing accidents, Fernando Beach High senior Spencer Ross said
licenses should be issued at 16.

Another factor could be seat belt use, Braddock said.

The Florida Department of Transportation says 28 percent of Florida drivers aged
15 to 19 killed in car accidents weren't wearing seat belts.
Several students said their peers don't wear seat belts because they think it's
uncool.

Bunk and Braddock said one way to cut down on the number of traffic crashes
involving teens would be to make the school district's driver's education class
mandatory for all student drivers. The class currently is a summer elective.

Riverside County School District Director of Administrative Services Cheryl Wood
said 138 Riverside students took the course this summer. The largest group of those
students - 49 - came from West High.

Should the driving age be raised to 18? Alarmed by car accidents involving teenagers,
a number of states are considering raising the age for getting a license

YES

On teenage boys from Chicago went out for a late-night drive and had a terrible
accident. The car spun out of control and struck several objects, including a giant
light pole. Two of the boys--a 16-year-old and a 17-year-old--were killed. The driver
of the car was just 16.

After this tragic accident, thousands of people began asking what could be done to
prevent this from happening again.

The answer is raising the driving age. That's why I introduced legislation to raise the
driving age in Illinois from 16 to 18. I realize this idea is controversial, but I could
not stand by and watch one more young person die because he or she was not quite
ready to be behind the wheel.

All 50 states prohibit 16-year-olds from drinking alcohol, buying cigarettes, and
purchasing handguns. Yet somehow most states are willing to put them in charge of a
car, which could potentially be a deadly weapon.

Between 1995 and 2004, there were 30,917 fatalities in accidents that involved 15-
to-17-year-old drivers, according to a study by the AAA Foundation for Traffic
Safety. About a third of those deaths were the teen drivers themselves. The rest
were pedestrians, passengers, and people in cars that teenage drivers struck.

As an Illinois lawmaker, I cannot sit back and watch more innocent lives be claimed
because of lack of experience. Raising the driving age may seem burdensome to
parents and busy teens, but we have to remember that this is a proposal about
safety, not convenience.

--Representative John D'Amico Democrat, Illinois State Legislature

NO

If your neighbor robs a bank, should you go to jail? No. If your classmate gets in an
accident, should your driver's license be taken away? Of course not. Neither
situation is fair. Raising the driving age will punish all young drivers for the mistakes
of a few of their peers.

In this country we live by the principle of innocent until proven guilty. Those who
want to raise the driving age have labeled teens guilty before they've gotten in an
accident or before they've even stepped into a car. They believe that just because
of your birth date, you are dangerous and must be punished by having your ability to
drive taken from you.

Those who favor raising the driving age say that statistics show teenagers are more
likely to get into accidents than adults.

What they don't say is that statistics also show that men of all ages are 77 percent
more likely to kill someone while driving than women. If people want to save lives by
raising the driving age, then how about saving lives by allowing only women to drive?

Except raising the driving age won't save lives. Studies show that it is inexperience,
not age, that causes accidents. Raising the driving age will just create inexperienced,
accident-prone drivers at 18 instead of 16.

Teens need the ability to drive just as much as anyone else--to get to school, to get
to work, to get to sports or band practice, or just to go out with their friends.

Cars are necessary for mobility in this country. Taking that away is a large disruption
to the lives of teenagers for no good reason.
                                 Rasmussen Reports

53% Think Driving Age Should be 18 or Older
Sunday, September 21, 2008

Just over a week ago, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety issued a new report urging
lawmakers to raise the legal driving age to 18. The latest Rasmussen Reports national telephone
survey found that 53% of adults nationwide think it's a good idea.

Just over a third (34%) aren't so keen on the suggestion. Surprisingly, younger adults seem to
take the same opinion as their elders on this question.
Women are much more in favor of raising the driving age than men. While just under half of
men (49%) like the idea, 67% of women support the concept. Thirty-eight percent (38%) of men
think it's a bad idea, along with 31% of women.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that car crashes are the leading
cause of death among those between the ages of 15 and 20. Most adults (58%) think the
number of those accidents would decrease if the driving age was raised, while 24% disagree.

When asked which age young adults should be allowed to get behind the wheel, 35% said 18 and
5% said 21.

Most adults also favor longer periods of supervised driving for teenagers. Seventy-eight
percent (78%) think states should require young drivers to spend more time practicing with a
parent or other adult. Just 13% think the current laws are sufficient. Again, women are more
likely than men to think the rules need to be changed. While 71% of men say more supervised
driving should be required, 86% of women agree.

Young adults are slightly less enthusiastic than their elders about extending supervised driving
limits. While over 80% of adults 50 or older and over 70% of those between the ages of 30 and
50 think this is a good idea, 66% of adults age 18-29 agree.

Forty-seven percent (47%) of adults think raising the legal driving age would reduce auto
insurance prices for everyone else, while 30% disagree.

Young drivers cause many fatal accidents; raising the minimum age at which people can drive will
reduce this and be a benefit to society.




Executive Summary Comments

All the Yes points

The number of serious or fatal road accidents in the US will be reduced

16 year olds are simply not mature enough to cope with the skills required for driving

Young people may have a ―racer boy‖ attitude to driving

Raising the age limit may do something to promote more environmentally friendly
alternatives.
They should undergo a one year ‗settling down‘ process

All the No points

Other countries are even younger –

The accidents may just be delayed by one year

It removes the freedom of young people

There are alternatives – such as making tests more rigorous

Parents can provide guidance to their teens



It denies young people access to safe transportation

Driving ability should be judged more – why not also a maximum age?!

No because younger drivers aren‘t necessarily dangerous




The Staggering Cost of Teen Driving
Accidents involving teen drivers cost more than $34 billion in ’06.
By Doug Newcomb of MSN autos
                                                                                   Click to see more pictures


According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the risk of motor vehicle crashes is higher among 16- to 19-year-olds than among any
other age group.


Ask any parent who has just added a kid to the family’s insurance policy and they’ll tell you how expensive it is
to have a teen behind the wheel. But the overall cost of teen driving is as tragic as it is staggering. According to
a recent report from AAA, car accidents involving drivers 15 to 17 cost society more than $34 billion in medical
expenses, property damage and related costs in 2006.


This massive figure includes $9.8 billion related to fatal crashes, and double that amount ($20.5 billion),
connected with non-fatal crashes, while property damage losses made up the remaining $4.1 billion. But there
are, of course, more heartbreaking and incalculable losses behind with these numbers.


Read: Top Safety Picks


Sobering Stats


According to an analysis conducted for AAA, in 2006 drivers ages 15 to 17 were involved in approximately
974,000 crashes that injured 406,427 people and killed 2,541. Here are more sobering statistics:


        According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), motor vehicle crashes are the
         leading cause of death among U.S. teens, accounting for 36 percent of all deaths in the age group.
        The risk of motor vehicle crashes is higher among 16- to 19-year-olds than among any other age group,
         and per-miles-driven teens ages 16 to 19 are four times more likely than older drivers to crash, says the
         Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).
        Risk is highest at age 16, and the crash rate per miles driven is twice as high for 16 year olds as it is for
         18 and 19 year olds, according to the IIHS.
        IIHS statistics show that 16- and 17-year-old driver death rates increase with each additional
         passenger.
        According to teensafety.com, 1 in 3 teenage drivers has an accident in the first year of receiving a
         license, and a teenager is injured in a car crash every 55 seconds and killed every 6.5 minutes.
More Soccer Instruction


According to carcontrol.com, the average 16-year-old soccer player has had 1,500 hours of coached practice,
while only 50 hours of driving experience as required in Ohio for a driver’s license. That didn’t surprise Becky
Ackford, media and communications coordinator with The Mid-Ohio School in Lexington, Ohio, which offers a
Honda Teen Defensive Driving Program. “It’s just another example of how essential teen-driver training is,” she
says. “As a kid, we had soccer practice three days a week. But many of the kids in Ohio cheat on those 50
hours of training by getting their parents to sign off without checking that they’ve completed them.”


Message board: Is more instruction the key to helping young drivers?


The Mid-Ohio School’s program, now in its fifteenth year, teaches teens accident-avoidance skills by practicing
emergency driving situations in a safe, controlled environment. Teens study the dynamics of driving in the
classroom and then apply the knowledge through hands-on driving in Civic EX Coupes. They learn wet braking
techniques, emergency lane-change maneuvers and go through a skid drill that simulates driving in ice, snow
and rain. The one-day program costs $350 per student, with various discounts available, and it runs through
mid November of 2008. “We get kids from as far away as Alaska,” adds Ackford.


Driver Training Tours


You don’t have to ship your kids off to Ohio to improve their skills behind the wheel. Tire Rack’s Street Survival
program takes place this year in 50 cities through November 15. It costs $60 and is open to permitted and
licensed drivers age 16 to 21. It teaches teens how to become more aware of traffic situations and to look far
enough ahead to anticipate the actions of other drivers. As students maneuver their own cars through a course
laid out with orange traffic cones in closed parking lots, they learn how a car feels and sounds as it reaches the
limits of tire adhesion in a controlled situation. Participants repeat the exercise several times to learn from their
mistakes and to improve their skills, and a trained driving coach accompanies each driver to provide feedback.


Another touring school, Driver’s Edge, was founded by former race driver Jeff Payne in 2000 as a non-profit
organization, and the fee-free program runs through October 19. The half-day Driver’s Edge course is taught
with what Payne calls an “MTV flavor” in new 3-Series BMWs and VW GTIs supplied by the program’s
sponsor, Bridgestone Tires. The course blends classroom and behind-the-wheel experiences that focus on “real-
life” emergency avoidance, response techniques and driver safety. Participants also receive instruction in skid
control, evasive lane-changing, anti-lock and panic-braking techniques and other skills. Traffic safety experts
are on hand to interact with kids and parents are strongly encouraged to attend.


Graduated Driver Licensing


Insurance companies have also become active in making driving safer for teens. State Farm, for example, offers
a Steer Clear program that requires drivers under 19 to sign a parent-teen contract and those over 19 to sign a
safe-driving pledge, while all drivers under the age of 24 must log their driving experiences, perform self-
assessments and watch an educational DVD. An additional payoff for parents is a 15 percent discount on
premiums.
AAA addresses the tragedy of teen driving deaths and accidents by offering teen-parent driver contracts,
driving-school info, a Teaching Your Teens to Drive DVD and driver-ZED interactive DVD that simulates 100
different driving situations. AAA has also been instrumental in advocating graduated driver licensing (GDL)
systems that ease teens into driving in three stages: a supervised learner’s-permit period, an intermediate
license that limits driving in certain situations except under supervision and finally a license with full privileges.
Under GDL requirements, many states restrict teens from driving at night or with more than one teen passenger
in the car.


“Graduated driver’s licensing is the simplest and quickest way to have a significant reduction in teen crashed
and deaths,” comments Justin McNaull, director of state relations for AAA. “All 50 states have some form of
graduated licensing but they vary significantly. A handful of states have comprehensive GDL systems, with
substantive night-driving and passenger limits and mandatory practice times for teens. But the vast majority
have gaps and in some cases gaping holes.


“We know that putting in place a comprehensive GDL program with substantive components will save lives,”
McNaull adds. “In February 2007, AAA’s Foundation for Traffic Safety and Johns Hopkins University released the
most comprehensive national look at GDL, and states with substantive programs saw a 38-percent reduction in
fatal crashes involving teenage drivers.” A 2006 IIHS study also shows that the institution of a GDL system in
California in 1998 led to a 23-percent overall reduction in the crash-involvement rate of 16-year-old drivers, a
27-percent drop in crashes in high-risk situations such as driving at night and a 38-percent decrease in crash
rates with teen passengers.


How to Prepare


McNaull adds that there’s a lot more parents can do to prepare their teens for driving beyond just adding them
to the family insurance policy and handing over the keys. “Know when and where your teens are driving,” he
says. “Trips without a purpose, for example, often end with tragic consequences. There’s also a temptation for
parents to think that a one-day seminar or a computer program is going to change their kid. But it takes weeks
of conversation and driving with your teen for a year or more.


“For decades teen crashes were unfortunately an accepted fact of growing up,” McNaull notes. “But in the last
decade or so we’ve found there are significant and proven steps that help reduce teen crashes so that
communities need not go through this.”


Doug Newcomb has been writing about automotive-related topics since 1988. His work has appeared in
Consumers Digest, Road & Track, Rolling Stone, Men’s Journal and many other publications. His book Car Audio
for Dummies is available from Wiley Publishing.


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