Social Realism (PowerPoint) by qingyunliuliu

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									Social Realism Research
    By Ollie Stallard
Social Realism ...
Social realism is a genre of film that focuses on topical issues alive in a modern
society which is represented by different ideologies. Themes such as money, drugs,
prostitution and sex are quite usual in modern contemporary social realism films as
well as class, religion and political views. These themes are very popular today but
not all were involved in the early social realism storylines and films.
Social Realism ...
                                                 The age is also important to the forms and conventions
The forms and conventions for social             of social realism. Most films use young teenagers and
realism. The main forms and conventions          young adults from 13 – 20. ‘Kidulthood’, ‘Kes’, ‘Sweet
are; The use of unknown actors. This             Sixteen’ and ‘This is England’ all have main characters
supports the social realism genre because        between these ages.
the actors could be anyone which makes it
realistic. Social class is a very important
form and convention as most social
realism films deal with the working class
like ‘Billy Elliot’ directed by Steven Daldry.
The locations of a social realism film are
usually set around a council estate or run
down areas of different cities, but can be
nice neighbourhood. Usually a social
realism film deals with issues like drugs,
sex, poverty, prostitution, homosexuality,
alcoholism and crime. Social realism films
usually involve political views and religious

All these actors shown in the pictures are unknown actors and actresses. Thomas Turgoose (This is England),
David Bradley (Kes), Amel Ameen, Adam Deacon and Femi Oyeniran (Kidulthood) and Kate Jarvis (Fish Tank).
 Social Realism ...                         Social realisms target audience varies depending on the films
                                            forms and conventions, because social realism films use young
                                            main characters. This appeals to a young audience. A film like
                                            ‘Kidulthood’ is more likely to appeal to 13-18’s because the
                                            culture the film is set around appeals to the modern youth. The
                                            early social realism films like ‘Spare Time (1939)’ and ‘This
                                            Happy Breed (1944)’, social realism films would appeal to the
                                            over fifties very much. So social realism has a very broad
                                            audience in a sense that it appeals to the young and the old.

Social realism films like ‘Billy Elliot’ appeal everyone
especially families as it’s a feel good film.
Trainspotting on the other hand wouldn’t be
appropriate for the family as there a strong drug
references and swearing but would appeal to young
adults from 18-30 and older generations.
   Social Realism Timeline ...

                                                                              Passport to Pimlico (d. Henry Cornelius, 1949). The
                                                                              inhabitants of a London street discover buried treasure
                                                                              and documents proving they are really citizens of
                                     Target for Tonight (1941), directed      Burgundy. When the government tries to claim the
The first noticed Social Realism     by Harry Watt. An RAF bomber crew        treasure for the Crown, the Burgundians declare their
film in Britain was Rescued by       receives its orders and proceeds
Rover (1905)                         on a successful bombing raid over

                                                                                                         Thunderbolt (1952), directed by
          Spare Time (1939), Spare Time is                This Happy Breed (1944),
                                                                                                         Charles Crichton, When a small rail
          an incredible portrait of the post              directed by David Lean. The
                                                                                                         branch line is threatened with closure,
          war working class and an early                  lives of an ordinary lower
                                                                                                          a group of villagers band together to
          illustration of Humphrey Jennings'              middle-class London family
                                                                                                         run it themselves, in the face of
          genius.                                         between the two world wars.
                                                                                                         opposition from a bus company.

             All information on both timeline slides is from
Social Realism Timeline ...

                                                                                    High Hopes (1988), directed
 Thunderbolt (1952), directed                                                       by Mike Leigh. Working-class           This Is England is a 2006 drama film
 by                                                                                 couple Shirley and Cyril are in
                                           Kes is a 1969 British film                                                      written and directed by Shane
 Charles Crichton, When a                                                           conflict over whether they
                                           from director Ken Loach                                                         Meadows. About a young boy who’s
 small rail branch line is                                                          should have children, their
                                           and producer Tony Garnett.                                                      father died in the Falkland’s war and
 threatened with closure, a                                                         problems with 'yuppies'
                                           About the struggles of a                 moving into the
                                                                                                                           has trouble at school comes across a
 group of villagers band
                                           young boy with no                        neighbourhood and out pricing          group of skinheads and is accepted
 together to run it themselves,
                                           aspirations but has hope                 them, and the advent of Cyril's        into their group
 in the face of opposition from
                                           when he brings up a Kestrel              ageing mother's seventieth
 a bus company.

Room at the Top (1958),
                                        Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1960),                  Secrets & Lies is a            Fish Tank is a 2009 British drama
directed by Jack Clayton An
                                        directed by Karel Reisz. Factory worker and lad-           1996 British film              film directed by Andrea Arnold.
ambitious young working-class
                                        about-town Arthur Seaton is having an affair with          directed by Mike               About a fifteen year old girl who
man moves to the wealthy town
                                        the wife of a workmate. She becomes pregnant
of Warnley to work for the                                                                         Leigh. The film is             has trouble at school and problems
                                        and he starts to go out with a younger woman,
council. He pursues the                                                                            about an adopted               with friends. Her mother brings
                                        Doreen. Eventually he decides to settle down
daughter of the local                                                                              black woman finding            back a new man into the house
                                        with Doreen, but insists he will never conform.
industrialist, but also falls in love                                                              her real mother after          who promised to change
with a married French woman.                                                                       her adopted mother             everything.
He finds he has to choose
between them.
History of Social Realism ...
Britain's contribution to cinema in the
1930s lay in a state-sponsored
documentary tradition that would
feed into the 1940s mainstream.
Producer Michael Balcon revived the
social/aesthetic distinction when he        Documentarist Humphrey Jennings had been responsible for consensus-building works like Listen
referred to the British industry's          to Britain (1942) and Spare Time (1939), which, looking at the British at play, forged a 'new
longstanding rivalry with Hollywood in      iconography', influencing the 1950s Free Cinema documentary movement and the 1960s British
terms of 'realism and tinsel'. Balcon, in   New Wave. One of the strongest images of post-war British cinema is that of factory worker Arthur
his position as head of Ealing Studios,     Seaton downing a pint in one at the end of another week in Saturday Night and Sunday Morning
                                            (1960). Related to, though independent of, the commercial mainstream, the New Wave was fed by
would become a key figure in the
                                            the 'Angry Young Men' of 1950s theatre, the verisimilitude of Italian Neo-realism and the youth
emergence of a national cinema
                                            appeal of the French New Wave. Amid the smokestacks and terraces of regional life, Room at the
characterised by stoicism and               Top (1958), The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), and A Kind of Loving (1962)
verisimilitude. Combining the               brought wide shots and plain speaking to stories of ordinary Britons negotiating the social
objective temper and aesthetics of the      structures of post-war Britain.
documentary movement with the               Thanks to the relaxation of censorship, characters had sex lives, money worries, social problems.
stars and resources of studio               British 'auteurs' like Karel Reisz, Tony Richardson and John Schlesinger dealt with prostitution,
filmmaking, 1940s British cinema            abortion, homosexuality, alienation and relationship problems. Here were factory workers, office
made a stirring appeal to a mass            underlings, dissatisfied wives, pregnant girlfriends, runaways, the marginalised, poor and
audience.                                   depressed.

The New Wave was symptomatic of a worldwide emergence of art cinemas challenging mainstream aesthetics and attitudes. Identified
with their directors rather than with the industry, the New Wave films tended to address issues around masculinity that would become
common in British social realism. The New Wave protagonist was usually a working-class male without bearings in a society in which
traditional industries and the cultures that went with them were in decline. Directors from Ken Loach to Patrick Keiller, and films from
Mike Leigh's High Hopes (1988) to The Full Monty (1997) have addressed the erosion of regional and class identities amid a landscape
rendered increasingly uniform by consumerism.
Contrast Between Early Social Realism Film and Modern
             Social Realism Film Trailers ...

  Passport to Pimlico (1949) Trailer              This is England (2006) trailer
Contrast in Trailers ...
I chose the ‘This is England’ & ‘Passport to Pimlico’ trailers because
their is a clear contrast between the two. ‘Passport to Pimlico’ was
made in 1949 where as ‘This is England’ was made in 2006. That is
a difference of fifty seven years.

‘This is England’ uses shots that aren’t from the
film but footage shot during the 80’s which sets
the era of the film. ‘Passport to Pimlico’ has the
title of the film along the bottom for most of the       There is the obvious contrast between the colour of the
trailer where as ‘This is England’s’ titles come right   trailers. ‘Passport to Pimlico’ was made way before colour
at the end. ‘This is England’ uses the reviews to        T.V so it is in black and white. The music on ‘This is England’
show how well it did. ‘Passport to Pimlico’ doesn’t      changes when a new main character is introduced into the
use any of this. Both films use a voice over.            trailer. The mood is then changed which is very effective.
‘Passport to Pimlico’ uses it pretty much through        ‘Passport to Pimlico’ has a bit of old fashioned music at the
out the whole trailer. ‘This is England’ uses bits of    beginning and then fades out then the rest is dialogue from
sound from the film which is their voice over.           the film but the music comes back as the titles appear.

  There is a clear contrast between accents, ‘Passport to Pimlico’ the actors are very well spoken with a southern
  accent where as the ‘This is England’ actors speak with a northern accent and use a bit of slang. The dress
  sense again is apparent. ‘This is England’s’ storyline focuses on skinhead fashion and style. ‘Passport to Pimlico’
  are very well and traditionally dressed. Suits and ties are what most of the male actors are in and dresses are
  what the females are in. There are political views portrayed In ‘This is England’ there are views about Margaret
  Thatcher and how many un-employed people there are in 1980’s Britain. There aren’t strong references in
  ‘Passport to Pimlico’ but there are mild themes in the trailer.
Social Realism Production Companies ...
There seem to be many companies that produced social realism films. In the earlier years of social realism there wasn’t a main
production company.

 The Crown Film Unit was an
                                              Woodfall is the force behind many of the        Film4 Productions is a British film production company
 organisation within the British
                                              films that transformed the British cinema       owned by Channel 4. The company has been responsible for
 Government's Ministry of Information
                                              into one of the most dynamic in the world:      backing a large number of films made in the United
 during World War II. Formerly the GPO
                                              Look Back in Anger, Saturday Night and          Kingdom. The company's first production was Walter,
 Film Unit it became the Crown Film Unit
                                              Sunday Morning, A Taste of Honey, The           directed by Stephen Frears, which was released in 1982.
 in 1940. Its remit was to make films for
 the general public in Britain and abroad.    Knack...and How to Get It, Kes, The
                                              Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner, and     Before 1998, the company was identified as Channel Four
 Its output included short information
                                              more. These films not only popularized in       Films or FilmFour International. Later, the outfit was re-
 and documentary films, as well as longer
                                                                                              branded as FilmFour, to coincide with the launch of a new
 drama-documentaries, as well as a few        British cinema technical developments such
                                                                                              Digital TV channel of the same name. The company cut its
 straight drama productions. The Crown        as the use of real locations and
                                                                                              budget and staff significantly in 2002, due to mounting
 Film Unit continued to produce films, as     synchronously recorded sound, they also
                                                                                              losses, and was re-integrated into the drama department of
 part of the Central Office of Information    introduced an astounding new class of British   Channel 4.
 (COI), until it was disbanded in 1952.       actors: Albert Finney, Rita Tushingham, Tom
m_Unit                                       all.html
Billy Elliot (2000) ...
 Billy Elliot (2000) was written by Lee Hall and
 directed by Stephen Daldry. Billy Elliot is set
 around the time of UK miners strike in the mid
 1980’s and is about the story of a young boxer
 who takes up his dream of ballet. The film
 shows his struggles with his family especially his
 father and brother who they fear he is gay.

 The street scenes were filmed in Easington,          Billy Elliot used the song ‘A Town Called
 County Durham, a former mining village. As           Malice’ by The Jam . The soundtrack was
 Easington Colliery closed in 1983 the mining         famous before the film was out. Using
 scenes were filmed at the Ellington and              such a famous song is a good way to
 Lynemouth colliery in Northumberland, with           market the film because when people
 some filming in Dawdon and Newcastle upon            hear it they will know its the Billy Elliot
 Tyne. The producers used over 400 Easington          soundtrack.
 people as extras.
   Trainspotting ...
•“Train spotting” - Directed by Danny Boyle who also
directed “28 days later” and“ Slum dog millionaire”. Train
spotting was released on the 23rd of February 1996. It also
falls under the comedy, crime, drama genres. Renton (Ewan
McGregor), deeply immersed in the Edinburgh drug scene,
tries to clean up and get out, despite the allure of the drugs
and influence of friends.

 Producer Andrew Macdonald read the book and turned it on to director Danny Boyle and writer John Hodge. Boyle was
 excited by its potential to be the "most energetic film you've ever seen - about something that ultimately ends up in
 purgatory or worse". Hodge adapted the book while Macdonald secured financing from Channel 4, a British television station
 known for funding independent films. According to Boyle, for the role of Renton, they wanted somebody who had the quality
 "Michael Caine's got in Alfie and Malcolm McDowell's got in A Clockwork Orange" - a repulsive character with charm "that
 makes you feel deeply ambiguous about what he's doing". Ewan McGregor was cast in the part and shaved his head and lost
 26 pounds for the film.
 Trainspotting was shot in the summer of 1995 over seven weeks on a budget of $2.5 million with the cast and crew working
 out of an abandoned cigarette factory in Glasgow. Due to a lack of budget and time, most scenes were done in one take and
 the effects were achieved practically. For example, when Renton sinks into the floor after overdosing on heroin, the crew
 built a platform above a trap door and lowered the actor down.
 Macdonald worked with Miramax Films to sell the film as a British Pulp Fiction, flooding the market with postcards, posters,
 books, soundtrack albums, and a revamped music video for "Lust for Life" by Iggy Pop directed by Boyle.
 Upon its initial release in the United States, the first 20 minutes of Trainspotting were re-edited with alternate dialogue.
 Because of the strong Scottish accents and language of the characters, it was believed that American audiences might have
 difficulty understanding them. In addition, to ensure that the film received an R rating, Boyle trimmed two scenes: a needle
 going into a vein on an arm and Kelly Macdonald straddling McGregor during an orgasm. The original dialogue was later
 restored on the Criterion Collection laser disc in 1997 and then on the re-release of the "Director's Cut (The Collector's
 Edition)" DVD in 2004.
Our Ideas ...
We have found out through researching
different and various types of social realism
films that it’s not an ambitions task to do
our own. We have seen that most of the
films use young main characters, normal
locations and unknown actors.

When we distribute the film, we                 Our Initial Ideas ...
would use a company like Revolver
                                                We have thought about themes and what to do for
Entertainment or Optimum
                                                our film:
Releasing. Revolver Entertainment
distributed ‘Kidulthood’ and                    We have thought about a young drug dealer trying
Optimum Releasing distributed                   to clean up his life and start to straighten up.
‘This is England’. They will be                 A young teenager falls into the wrong crowd after
interested in our film idea because             being a good student and person. They then
it will pick up on present issues               influence him and he becomes violent and drug
and political views. It will also be            obsessed.
aimed at 15-25 year olds which is a
                                                A young teenager who’s father dies in the Iraq war,
very good market as they go to the
                                                struggles to deal with life without a father figure
cinema frequently.
                                                and how they and their mother cope.

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