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Where in the World is

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					 Where in
the World
   is

 Puerto Rico?
     Students will discover important facts and places regarding the
                      Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
        while relating these facts and places to the culture of the
United States and the other 20 Spanish-speaking countries for the world.
•Students will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of
Puerto Rico.

•Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural
significance of places and events in Puerto Rico.

•Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto
Rico.

•Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the
geographic conditions in Puerto Rico.

•Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while
studying Puerto Rico.
•Ask students what they know about Puerto Rico. Discuss their answers
and lead into the lesson on this country.

•Hand out Puerto Rico Map/Fact Worksheet.

•Group students in pairs and allow 10 minutes to use the classroom
atlases to complete the map and facts on the worksheet.

•Show the PowerPoint presentation “Where in the World is Puerto
Rico?” and discuss their findings as they complete their map/fact page.
Have them use the appropriate colors listed on their map page.

•Have a student move Luis & Luisa to the island of Puerto Rico on the
Classroom World Map Mural to recognize its relative location on a map.
   Puerto Rico - Location
•Puerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean Region, also known as the
                              West Indies.
 •It is composed of an archipelago, which includes the main island of
      Puerto Rico as well as a number of smaller islands and keys.
Puerto Rico - Facts
   Official Name:
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
    (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico)

   Capital: San Juan; 18 N, 66 W

   Nationality: Puerto Rican (U.S.)
   Population: 3.9 Million
   Size: ½ size of Massachusetts;
          3,515 sq mi
   Languages: Spanish & English
                  (both official)
   Religions: Roman Catholic &
                    Protestant

   Currency: US Dollar
   Climate: Tropical
   National Holiday: July 25
    “El Dia de la Constitucion”,
    which commemorates the date in
    1952 when Puerto Rico became a
    commonwealth of the U.S.
San Juan
   San Juan is known as “La                                     Map of Old San Juan,
    Ciudad Amurallada” (the walled                                Puerto Rico outside
    city).                                                          of the Capital
   It is the largest city and Capital                                 building.
    of Puerto Rico.
   It was founded in 1508 by
    Spanish explorer Juan Ponce          The “Raices” (Races) Fountain on the Devil’s
    de Leon.                             Walk Tour in Old San Juan. It symbolizes the
                                         roots to Puerto Rico’s cultural heritage.
   It is a major port and tourist
    resort of the West Indies.
   It is the center of Caribbean
    shipping and the 2nd largest sea
    port in the area (after New York
    City).
   It is the oldest city under the
    U.S flag.
                                           Ponce
                                       Ponce is known as “La Perla
                    “El Playa de
                    Ponce Port”
                                        del Sur” (Pearl of the South)
                     handles the       It is Puerto Rico’s 2nd largest city.
                    shipments of
                       tobacco,
                                       It is also called the “Ciudad
                     coffee, rum,       Senorial” (Majestic City)
                      and sugar         because of its many beautiful
                         cane.          neoclassical buildings and
                                        facades.
                                       It was founded in 1692 by Loiza
 “El Parque De
                                        Ponce de Leon, the great
    Bombas”                             grandson of Juan Ponce de
Is a popular spot                       Leon.
   in the city of
      Ponce.
                                       Playa de Ponce Port is an
                                        important port of entry for trading
                                        and distribution.
          Loiza
   Loiza is known as “El Pueblo de la
    Cacica” (The town of the Cacica, a
    native group on the island).
   It was originally settled by Nigerian
    slaves, but a town was established by
    the Spanish in 1692.
   It is a center for African inspired
    traditions and has the highest
    percentage of African descendants of all
    island towns.
   In June, the town celebrates “Fiestas
    Patronales” (Patron Saints Day) to
    Saint James, the town’s patron saint,
    for 9 days.
   This celebration is one of the most
    festive and colorful in Puerto Rico where   Las Fiestas de Santiago is in full
    salsa dancing, masquerades, parades,          swing in the streets of Loiza.
    and rich food make this festival a
    classic.
                                               Arecibo
                                            Arecibo is known as “La Puebla Muy
                                             Leal Villa” (The very loyal town).
                                            It was found in 1556 by the Spanish.
                                            It is the largest city in geographical size
Arecibo is home to the world’s largest       on the island and is bathed by 2 rivers,
     single-unit radio telescope.            Grande de Arecibo & Tanama.
                                            Places of interest include “La Cueva
                                             del Indio” (The Cave of the Indian) that
                                             house drawings from natives from the
                                             Prehistoric Era, the Arecibo
                                             Observatory, an astronomical
                                             observatory that is one of the world’s
                                             most powerful radar-radio telescopes,
                                             and the Arecibo Lighthouse built by
                                             the Spanish in 1898 and still in use
                                             today!
  El Yunque
National Rainforest
      • El Yunque is a cool, mountainous, subtropical rainforest
        on the Eastern side of the Luquillo Mountains.
      • It covers over 28,000 acres of tropical forest and is home to
        over 240 species of trees, plants, and animals.
      • El Yunque gets its name from the Indian spirit Yuquirye,
        which means “Forest of Clouds”.
      • It is the site of the only tropical rainforest under the
        protection of the United States.
The Legend of
  “El Coqui”
         Once upon a time in a land called
  “Borinquen”, there lived a much adored
 chief named Coqui. When he feel gravely
   ill, the people pleaded with their gods to
save their valiant leader. The gods assured
      the people that, because of Coqui’s
goodness and kindness, he would never die.
Unfortunately, life’s end came to Coqui, as it
 must for all mortals. Confused and angry,
 the chief’s followers thought that the gods
 had not kept their promise, but the manner
 of the gods does not always conform to the
will of humans. In order to grant eternal life,
     the gods gave a tiny from a voice that
      forever repeated the name “Coqui”.

     On any afternoon in the land of
“Borinquen”, now called Puerto Rico, it is
possible to hear the songs of the tiny frogs,
 “coqui, coqui” recalling the spirit of the
      admired leader from long ago.
              Cc – From Castles to Cowboys
       Roosevelt Roads
                             Naval Base
•Roosevelt Roads was a U.S.
Naval base located on the eastern
side of the island in Ceiba, Puerto
Rico.
•The Naval Station was first
opened in 1919 and named after
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant
Secretary of the Navy.
•The base’s primary purpose was
to service the Atlantic Fleet and
serve as a site for bombing
practice.
•After much debate and opposition
by the Puerto Rican citizens, the
U.S. Navy officially closed down
the base on March 31, 2004.
•Students will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of
Puerto Rico.

•Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural
significance of places and events in Puerto Rico.

•Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto
Rico.

•Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the
geographic conditions in Puerto Rico.

•Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while
studying Puerto Rico.
         The Puerto Rican
               Flag
•The Puerto                                                    •It is always
Rican flag is                                                  accompanied
NEVER                                                          by the flag of
officially                                                     the United
flown alone.                                                   States.



•RED represents the blood shed by patriots in the struggle for freedom.
•WHITE is for purity and the high ideals for which they fought.
•The TRIANGLE is a reminder of the ideals of the revolution: Liberty,
  Equality, and Brotherhood.
                       Puerto Rico
             Coat of Arms
•The Coat of Arms                    •The lamb is the
bears the influence                  symbol of peace and
of Spain and the                     brotherhood.
Catholic church.                     •The Latin inscription
•The castles, lions,                 translates “John is his
and flags are                        name”.
symbols of Spain                     •This refers to St.
from the colonial                    John the Baptist,
period.                              whose name was
•The letters “F” and                 chosen for Puerto
“I” refer to the                     Rico by Christopher
Catholic monarchs,                   Columbus.
Ferdinand and
Isabella.
 Puerto Rico - Government
1. Puerto Rico is an organized
   territory of the United States
   with commonwealth status.
2. Puerto Ricans do not pay
   federal income taxes.
3. Citizens can vote in
   presidential primaries, BUT
   not in general elections.
4. Nationally, their representative
   in Washington D.C., is a
   resident commissioner who
   votes only in committees of
   the House of Representatives.      Above: State Capital Building in
                                             San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico - Government




Above: Pictures on the Rotunda of the Capitol building in San Juan. Each picture tells the
       story of Puerto Rico’s history from the discovery of the island to the present day.

  Puerto Rico has republican form of government that has 3 branches:
               1. The Executive Branch – The Governor
       2. The Legislative Branch – Senators & Representatives
         3. The Judicial Branch – The Supreme Court Judges
       Puerto Rico - Economy
                                 Puerto Rico’s Economy consists of:

Below: The commemorative                      1. Agriculture
U.S. quarter for Puerto Rico              main crop is SUGAR
shows a picture of the Spanish         Livestock & Dairy Products
colonial fort, “El Morro”.                        Coffee
                                       Fruit (pineapple, plantains)

                                           2. Manufacturing
                                       Pharmaceuticals – medicine
                                              Electronics
                                                 Textiles
                                             Petrochemicals
                                           Processed Foods
                                                Clothing

                                            3. Tourism
                                 A MAJOR source of income for the island
Puerto Rico - Animals
San Pedritos




               Guaraguao




                           Coqui
   Puerto Rico - Music




Cuatro
                    Guiro



Pandereta
    Puerto Rico - Food



            Bacalaitos




Arroz con
                         Alcapurria
Grandules
Puerto Rico - Vocabulary
   Borinquen – The Taino Indian name for
    the island of Puerto Rico. The Tainos were
    the original inhabitants of the island.
   Chevere – A slang word that means “cool,
    hip, rad, awesome, etc.”
   Jibaro – The country-folk of Puerto Rico
    who traditionally live in the central
    mountains of the island.

				
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