Where in the World is Puerto Rico? Students will discover important facts and places regarding the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico while relating these facts and places to the culture of the United States and the other 20 Spanish-speaking countries for the world. •Students will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of Puerto Rico. •Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural significance of places and events in Puerto Rico. •Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto Rico. •Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the geographic conditions in Puerto Rico. •Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while studying Puerto Rico. •Ask students what they know about Puerto Rico. Discuss their answers and lead into the lesson on this country. •Hand out Puerto Rico Map/Fact Worksheet. •Group students in pairs and allow 10 minutes to use the classroom atlases to complete the map and facts on the worksheet. •Show the PowerPoint presentation “Where in the World is Puerto Rico?” and discuss their findings as they complete their map/fact page. Have them use the appropriate colors listed on their map page. •Have a student move Luis & Luisa to the island of Puerto Rico on the Classroom World Map Mural to recognize its relative location on a map. Puerto Rico - Location •Puerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean Region, also known as the West Indies. •It is composed of an archipelago, which includes the main island of Puerto Rico as well as a number of smaller islands and keys. Puerto Rico - Facts Official Name: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) Capital: San Juan; 18 N, 66 W Nationality: Puerto Rican (U.S.) Population: 3.9 Million Size: ½ size of Massachusetts; 3,515 sq mi Languages: Spanish & English (both official) Religions: Roman Catholic & Protestant Currency: US Dollar Climate: Tropical National Holiday: July 25 “El Dia de la Constitucion”, which commemorates the date in 1952 when Puerto Rico became a commonwealth of the U.S. San Juan San Juan is known as “La Map of Old San Juan, Ciudad Amurallada” (the walled Puerto Rico outside city). of the Capital It is the largest city and Capital building. of Puerto Rico. It was founded in 1508 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce The “Raices” (Races) Fountain on the Devil’s de Leon. Walk Tour in Old San Juan. It symbolizes the roots to Puerto Rico’s cultural heritage. It is a major port and tourist resort of the West Indies. It is the center of Caribbean shipping and the 2nd largest sea port in the area (after New York City). It is the oldest city under the U.S flag. Ponce Ponce is known as “La Perla “El Playa de Ponce Port” del Sur” (Pearl of the South) handles the It is Puerto Rico’s 2nd largest city. shipments of tobacco, It is also called the “Ciudad coffee, rum, Senorial” (Majestic City) and sugar because of its many beautiful cane. neoclassical buildings and facades. It was founded in 1692 by Loiza “El Parque De Ponce de Leon, the great Bombas” grandson of Juan Ponce de Is a popular spot Leon. in the city of Ponce. Playa de Ponce Port is an important port of entry for trading and distribution. Loiza Loiza is known as “El Pueblo de la Cacica” (The town of the Cacica, a native group on the island). It was originally settled by Nigerian slaves, but a town was established by the Spanish in 1692. It is a center for African inspired traditions and has the highest percentage of African descendants of all island towns. In June, the town celebrates “Fiestas Patronales” (Patron Saints Day) to Saint James, the town’s patron saint, for 9 days. This celebration is one of the most festive and colorful in Puerto Rico where Las Fiestas de Santiago is in full salsa dancing, masquerades, parades, swing in the streets of Loiza. and rich food make this festival a classic. Arecibo Arecibo is known as “La Puebla Muy Leal Villa” (The very loyal town). It was found in 1556 by the Spanish. It is the largest city in geographical size Arecibo is home to the world’s largest on the island and is bathed by 2 rivers, single-unit radio telescope. Grande de Arecibo & Tanama. Places of interest include “La Cueva del Indio” (The Cave of the Indian) that house drawings from natives from the Prehistoric Era, the Arecibo Observatory, an astronomical observatory that is one of the world’s most powerful radar-radio telescopes, and the Arecibo Lighthouse built by the Spanish in 1898 and still in use today! El Yunque National Rainforest • El Yunque is a cool, mountainous, subtropical rainforest on the Eastern side of the Luquillo Mountains. • It covers over 28,000 acres of tropical forest and is home to over 240 species of trees, plants, and animals. • El Yunque gets its name from the Indian spirit Yuquirye, which means “Forest of Clouds”. • It is the site of the only tropical rainforest under the protection of the United States. The Legend of “El Coqui” Once upon a time in a land called “Borinquen”, there lived a much adored chief named Coqui. When he feel gravely ill, the people pleaded with their gods to save their valiant leader. The gods assured the people that, because of Coqui’s goodness and kindness, he would never die. Unfortunately, life’s end came to Coqui, as it must for all mortals. Confused and angry, the chief’s followers thought that the gods had not kept their promise, but the manner of the gods does not always conform to the will of humans. In order to grant eternal life, the gods gave a tiny from a voice that forever repeated the name “Coqui”. On any afternoon in the land of “Borinquen”, now called Puerto Rico, it is possible to hear the songs of the tiny frogs, “coqui, coqui” recalling the spirit of the admired leader from long ago. Cc – From Castles to Cowboys Roosevelt Roads Naval Base •Roosevelt Roads was a U.S. Naval base located on the eastern side of the island in Ceiba, Puerto Rico. •The Naval Station was first opened in 1919 and named after Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy. •The base’s primary purpose was to service the Atlantic Fleet and serve as a site for bombing practice. •After much debate and opposition by the Puerto Rican citizens, the U.S. Navy officially closed down the base on March 31, 2004. •Students will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of Puerto Rico. •Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural significance of places and events in Puerto Rico. •Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto Rico. •Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the geographic conditions in Puerto Rico. •Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while studying Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rican Flag •The Puerto •It is always Rican flag is accompanied NEVER by the flag of officially the United flown alone. States. •RED represents the blood shed by patriots in the struggle for freedom. •WHITE is for purity and the high ideals for which they fought. •The TRIANGLE is a reminder of the ideals of the revolution: Liberty, Equality, and Brotherhood. Puerto Rico Coat of Arms •The Coat of Arms •The lamb is the bears the influence symbol of peace and of Spain and the brotherhood. Catholic church. •The Latin inscription •The castles, lions, translates “John is his and flags are name”. symbols of Spain •This refers to St. from the colonial John the Baptist, period. whose name was •The letters “F” and chosen for Puerto “I” refer to the Rico by Christopher Catholic monarchs, Columbus. Ferdinand and Isabella. Puerto Rico - Government 1. Puerto Rico is an organized territory of the United States with commonwealth status. 2. Puerto Ricans do not pay federal income taxes. 3. Citizens can vote in presidential primaries, BUT not in general elections. 4. Nationally, their representative in Washington D.C., is a resident commissioner who votes only in committees of the House of Representatives. Above: State Capital Building in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico - Government Above: Pictures on the Rotunda of the Capitol building in San Juan. Each picture tells the story of Puerto Rico’s history from the discovery of the island to the present day. Puerto Rico has republican form of government that has 3 branches: 1. The Executive Branch – The Governor 2. The Legislative Branch – Senators & Representatives 3. The Judicial Branch – The Supreme Court Judges Puerto Rico - Economy Puerto Rico’s Economy consists of: Below: The commemorative 1. Agriculture U.S. quarter for Puerto Rico main crop is SUGAR shows a picture of the Spanish Livestock & Dairy Products colonial fort, “El Morro”. Coffee Fruit (pineapple, plantains) 2. Manufacturing Pharmaceuticals – medicine Electronics Textiles Petrochemicals Processed Foods Clothing 3. Tourism A MAJOR source of income for the island Puerto Rico - Animals San Pedritos Guaraguao Coqui Puerto Rico - Music Cuatro Guiro Pandereta Puerto Rico - Food Bacalaitos Arroz con Alcapurria Grandules Puerto Rico - Vocabulary Borinquen – The Taino Indian name for the island of Puerto Rico. The Tainos were the original inhabitants of the island. Chevere – A slang word that means “cool, hip, rad, awesome, etc.” Jibaro – The country-folk of Puerto Rico who traditionally live in the central mountains of the island.