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					Creating Energy $mart College
          Campuses
                ACEEE Presentation
                 August 18, 2006


    Susan Andrews, New York State Energy Research and
                   Development Authority
      Elliot Easton, SUNY Electricity Buying Authority
              Katherine Johnson, KJ Consulting
          Carol Sabo, PA Government Services, Inc.
              Walter Simpson, SUNY at Buffalo
                       Topics
• Plug-Load Energy Use Trends on
  Campuses
• Savings Estimates from NYSERDA’s
  Energy $mart Offices Plug-Load
  Efficiency Project
• Strategies to Achieve Energy Savings

August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses   2
Plug-Load Usage Is Growing Rapidly
 • PCs and non-PC office equipment are estimated to be
   the fastest growing energy uses for the commercial
   sector through 2030 according to the Energy
   Information Administration—Annual Energy
   Outlook 2006 Report
     – Energy consumption for PCs is estimated to grow 3
       percent annually
     – Energy consumption for other office equipment is
       estimated to grow 4.1 percent annually
     – In comparison, energy consumption for other end-uses
       such as space heating is estimated to grow about 1 percent

 August 18, 2006      Creating Energy $mart Campuses          3
   Plug-Load Equipment Usually Accounts for More
        Than 20 Percent of the Electric Use in
    Administrative Offices or 900 kWh or $100 per
             Office Employee Annually
Business Equipment:                Other Equipment:
Computers & monitors               Vending machines
Small power supplies               Task lighting
Speakers                           Large coffee machines
Copiers/Large MFDs                 Water coolers
Printers                           Refrigerators
Faxes/Scanners                     Space heaters/fans
Shredders

  August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses         4
       Plug-Load Energy Use Trends
• Campus electric use continues to grow despite
  taking measures to reduce big system (lighting and
  HVAC) electric costs
   – Plug-loads in student dorm rooms are
     increasing with more computers and other
     personal electronics (1,300 kWh annually is a
     conservative estimate)
   – More computers are more accessible to students
     with increased numbers of computer labs and
     work centers
   – Electronic classrooms are becoming the norm
August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses   5
    Ratio of Computers to Square Footage
         for Different Building Types
                                                   Offices are the most
                                                   computer-intensive
                                                   followed by
                                                   Educational
                                                   Facilities.




August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses                    6
NYSERDA New York Energy $martSM
     Program Background
• Program is funded by a System Benefits Charge (SBC) and
  designed to lower electricity costs by encouraging energy
  efficiency
• Launched in 2002 to promote: the purchase or lease of
  ENERGY STAR® office equipment, proper enabling of
  energy saving features, and equipment shutdown in local
  government offices.
• Expanded to include additional low-cost/no-cost plug-load
  efficiency measures in 2003
• In 2005, focus shifted to state universities and community
  colleges due to the large potential savings opportunities
• The 2006 project will also develop plug-load usage
  benchmarks and best practices by type of facility.
August 18, 2006    Creating Energy $mart Campuses         7
                  Program Rationale
  • This initiative identifies plug-load efficiency opportunities
    and helps participating organizations implement programs,
    policies, and strategies to achieve those savings
  • The majority of savings can be achieved very quickly at
    little or no cost by activating the ―power management‖
    capabilities in ENERGY STAR® equipment (particularly
    monitors and computers) to enter low-power or ―sleep‖
    mode when not in use.
  • Substantial longer-term savings are achieved by specifying
    the ―best‖ ENERGY STAR® equipment (copiers, vending
    machines, washing machines, etc.) when procuring new
    equipment.
  • Significant, but less controllable energy-savings, may also
    be achieved by establishing policies and directives for staff
    and students to power off equipment when not in use.
August 18, 2006      Creating Energy $mart Campuses           8
      What is power management?
• Monitor power management (MPM) places active
  monitors into a low power sleep mode after sitting
  idle for a specified period
    – Reduces power draw from 60–90 watts to 2–3 watts
• Computer power management (CPM) places the
  computer itself (CPU, hard drive, etc.) into a low
  power sleep mode
    – Reduces power draw from 40–90 watts to 2-3 watts


August 18, 2006     Creating Energy $mart Campuses       9
                  Project Activities
• Data Collection—equipment surveys, power
  management audits, selective metering, staff
  interviews
• Analytical Support— computing current plug-
  load usage and potential cost savings estimates
• Technical Support—power management tools
  and software; other low-cost/no-cost measures
• Outreach—group information sessions, case
  study write-ups, staff education, press releases,
  and special recognition

August 18, 2006      Creating Energy $mart Campuses   10
       NYSERDA Project Data Collection
• Facilities staff provided building data
  (square footage, building use,
  employees, equipment inventories,
  electric bills, energy-efficiency actions)
• IT and other staff provided information
  system (IS) operating characteristics,
  policies, and equipment data
• Project team conducted an ―after hours‖
  equipment survey to determine ―power
  status‖ and non-inventoried plug-load
  equipment quantities
August 18, 2006      Creating Energy $mart Campuses   11
                  Analysis & Facilitation
 • Project team identified low-cost/no-cost
   measures and estimated total potential
   plug-load savings
 • IT expert discussed computer and
   monitor power management options with
   IT staff
 • Project team presented the findings to
   key decision-makers with examples of
   tools, programs, policies, and other
   support that could be used to implement
   those recommendations
August 18, 2006      Creating Energy $mart Campuses   12
          Total Numbers of PCs on
    Participating NY College Campuses

NYSERDA Energy $mart Offices Project       Student Students in Dorms Staff and     Est. #
             Sites                        Enrollment                  Faculty Participant PCs
   Total Colleges and Universities          82,260            31,550    18,445      49,825
     Total Community Colleges               21,700             400      1,530       4,340
                Total                       103,960           31,950    19,975      54,165


   August 18, 2006                   Creating Energy $mart Campuses                    13
    Summary of Estimated Savings
                                                                        Total
                                                                        Identified
NYSERDA Energy           Est.                                           Annual
  $mart Offices       Participant   Average Cost             Total      Electric Bill
  Project Sites            PCs          Per kWh            Identified   Savings
 Total Colleges and
       Universities     49,825           $0.09             16,120,400    $1,428,675
  Total Community
        Colleges        4,340            $0.47             1,927,250      $180,000
   Grand Total for
     Colleges and
      Universities      54,165           $0.56             18,047,650    $1,608,675
Average Savings per
      Participant                                             333           $30.00



 August 18, 2006          Creating Energy $mart Campuses                          14
   Estimated Plug-Load Savings by
  User Group (Overall Avg. $30/PC)
           Students in Dorm
           Rooms, $613,915,
                37%
                                                               Admin. Staff and
                                                               Faculty Offices,
                                                                $690,747, 43%




                                    Computer Labs,
                                    $335,764, 20%


August 18, 2006               Creating Energy $mart Campuses                      15
 Strategies to Achieve Energy Savings
• Develop a holistic power management approach
  – Involve key staff from all critical campus groups
    including information technology and network
    administration, procurement, facilities, energy
    management, student and residence life,
    administrative, and faculty
  – Consider creating a sustainability committee to
    work with on energy-efficiency projects if not
    already existing on campus


 August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses   16
Strategies to Achieve Energy Savings
 • Involve students in the process
    – SUNY at Buffalo worked with students to
      develop a Web-based ―Do It in the Dark‖
      campaign to encourage monitor power
      management using drawings for iPods and a
      flat-screen monitor as enticements
    – SUNY Fredonia ran a similar campaign ―I’m
      Only Sleeping‖ where students could enter a
      drawing to win an iPod if they downloaded the
      EPA EZ Wizard software to implement
      monitor power management

August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses   17
Strategies to Achieve Energy Savings
• Incorporate long-term power management
  strategies
   – SUNY Cobleskill plans to include the monitor
     and computer power management software on
     the orientation CD that all incoming students
     receive.
   – All new hires at Dutchess Community College
     must abide by the campus’ power management
     policies and shut off unneeded equipment at
     night.


 August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses    18
Strategies to Achieve Energy Savings
• Take a comprehensive approach to plug-
  load energy-efficiency
   – University at Buffalo specified ENERGY STAR
     vending machines when leasing new machines to
     save $9,000 annually
   – SUNY Binghamton can save an estimated
     $26,000 per year in water and energy costs if
     they replace their washing machines with
     ENERGY STAR qualifying models used by their
     6,000 students in the residence halls


August 18, 2006   Creating Energy $mart Campuses   19
                     More Information
• Susan Andrews, NYSERDA Project Manager,
  (sta@nyserda.org) 1-800-NYSERDA
  (http://www.nyserda.org/programs/offices/default.as
  p)
• Carol Sabo, Lead Contractor, Project Manager,
  NYSERDA Energy $mart Offices project, 703-915-
  4034 (carol.sabo@paconsulting.com)
• Katherine Johnson, Project Coordinator, 301 461 4865,
  email: (kj@kjconsults.com)


   August 18, 2006      Creating Energy $mart Campuses   20