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									30 DECEMBER 2005   381
 The average oil recovery rate in India (about
 26%) is much lower as compared to
 Norway (more than 60%), hence an                   NCL signs Research Alliance
                                                     Agreement with DuPont
 initiative was taken by NGRI to collaborate
 with NTNU, Norway to increase
 production from low producing Indian oil
 fields using advanced techniques. The first
 Indo-Norwegian collaboration agreement
 was signed at FICCI office, New Delhi, to
 carry out a set of project activities on
 Reservoir Modeling for Enhanced Oil
 Recovery using Fractals and 4-D
 Seismics for 30 months through
 Indo-Norwegian Programme of Institutional
 Cooperation in presence of Shri Borge
 Brendes, Minister of Trade and Industry,

      RRL, Bhopal signs
       MoU with APS
                                                              Dr S. Sivaram and Dr Thomas M. Connelly, Jr. signing the
                                                                     documents of MoU. Standing from left are:
                                                                       Dr Rajeev Vaidya and Dr Uma Chowdhry
                                                           R S. Sivaram, Director, National Chemical Laboratory
                                                           (NCL), Pune, and Dr Uma Chowdhry, Vice-President,

        HE Regional Research Labora                        Central Research and Development, DuPont, recently
        tory (RRL), Bhopal, signed an            signed a Research Agreement in presence of Dr Thomas M.
        MoU with APS University, Rewa,           Connelly Jr., Chief Science & Technology Officer, DuPont at
 recently. The MoU was signed by Dr N.           Wilmington, Delaware, USA. Under terms of the agreement,
 Ramakrishnan, Director, RRL, Bhopal             DuPont will have access to the talents and capabilities of one of
 and Dr A. D. N.Bajpai, VC, APS                  India’s premier research and development laboratories to grow
 University, Rewa. The purpose of the            new market-facing technologies. The first research projects NCL
 agreement is to facilitate cooperation          will develop, will be for the DuPont Titanium Technologies business.
 and coordination and utilization of             “We are pleased to announce the signing of this agreement with
 complementary federal facilities/               the NCL,” said Dr Connelly. “This move is consistent with
 capabilities. This MoU will enhance the         DuPont’s efforts to go where the growth is and to globalize our
 working relationship between both the           R&D operations. It furthers DuPont’s efforts to open our innovation
 institutions and is intended to facilitate      processes by incorporating the research capabilities and
 collaborative research and development,         intellectual talent of India’s top materials scientists. In addition, it
 testing and evaluation, technical               will allow us to more clearly address the market needs of the region
 support,       facility,    technology          by providing geographic access,” he added further. The relationship
 demonstration and utilization and               between DuPont and NCL dates back to 1993 when DuPont
 related activities that are mutually            became the first multinational company to partner with CSIR
 beneficial to the missions of both the          through NCL to advance polyester research in India.

382                                                                                                                      CSIR NEWS

                NGRI signs MoU with Osmania University

         HE National Geophysical
         Research Institute (NGRI),
         Hyderabad, has entered a
 collaborative agreement with
 Osmania       University      (OU),
 Hyderabad, and a Memorandum of
 Understanding has been signed
 between these two organizations
 recently. NGRI has agreed to
 collaborate with Osmania University
 in the areas of teaching, research
 and training in selected and
 advanced thrust areas of S & T with
 special reference to earth sciences;
 intellectual property rights;           Dr V.P. Dimri, Director, NGRI (left) and Prof. Mohd Suleman Siddiqi, VC, Osmania University,
                                                                     after signing the documents of MoU
 consultancy work; university-NGRI
 joint research programmes funded from outside agencies viz. DST, DBT, DSIR etc.; technology management
 and technology transfer; and any other areas of mutual interest.

                IICT signs MoU with Byrraju Foundation,

         HE Indian Institute of Chemical Technology                  cation Technology, Government of India, New Delhi,
         (IICT), Hyderabad, and Byrraju Foundation,                  with the objective to develop an integrated informa-
         Hyderabad, have entered into MoU in the au-                 tion system using audio and graphics for rural appli-
 gust presence of DGSIR Dr R. A. Mashelkar to dis-                   cations.
 seminate the information on a large scale with their                         The software is able to provide information
 infrastructure. Dr J. S. Yadav, Director, IICT, briefed             leading to solution of villager’s problems like pest dis-
 the genesis of the collaboration to DGSIR. Dr U. S. N.              ease, health, education, seed information, fertilizer etc.
 Murty, Project Leader, Head, Biology Division, IICT,                CSIR Rural Action Plan, New Delhi, has sanctioned
 has given a presentation on the salient features of the             the proposal for implementation of Samadhan Kendra
 SAMADHAN software to the delegates.                                 Information Dissemination System in 400 villages of
          IICT initiated the development of Samadhan                 four districts in Telangana Region of A.P. through A.P.
 Kendra, a Sustainable Rural Information Centre, as a                Federation of Farmers Association, Hyderabad.
 pilot project in Partipadu village of Tadepalligudem                         Byrraju Foundation was set up in July 2001 and
 Mandal, West Godavari District, A.P. with the finan-                dedicated to social transformation in rural areas.
 cial support of Ministry of Information and Communi-

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                                   383
      Newsweek Report

                    Indian R&D: More Value for Money

          transformed India has          corroborates the global trend of an        last year grew at 24 per cent as
          transfixed the world.          increased interest in a resurgent          compared to 14 per cent in China.
          Evidence of this is apparent   India by acknowledging that, “ Not         India has also “demonstrated its
 in the centre-spread report entitled    a week goes by without some foreign        willingness to comply with
 Spend Less, Get More published in       delegation visiting us to discuss          intellectual property rules and the
 Newsweek, 28 November 2005. The         research collaborations.”                  global patent regime.” This has
 report succinctly states that the one            The Newsweek report also          allowed India to “build on its
 thing India does better than China      refers to a recent study by                strength in engineering and to
 is high–tech research and               Pricewaterhouse Coopers that says          achieve a competitive advantage
 development.                            that “ India is rapidly moving up          making advanced components such
          It is beyond doubt that        from relatively routine tasks like         as exhausts manifolds and machined
 Indian scientific R&D ranks with        converting schematics from one             gears.”
 the best in the world. The last five    computer-aided design system to                     India’s research links with
 years have seen more than a             another, to sophisticated and critical     multinationals pharmaceutical
 hundred companies; including            functions such as plant engineering        giants such as AstraZeneca,
 General Motors, Boeing and Mobil        and redesigning products for a better      Novartis, GlaxoSmithkline, Bayer,
 choose India as an R&D hub. The         cost–performance ratio. Global             Pfizer and Roche goes back to the
 report highlights the fact that,        automakers, which spend 3-5 per            mid-1990s and has been reinforced
 “despite a lack of funding and          cent of their annual revenue on R&D        over time. India’s move to implement
 facilities—the government’s entire      activities are turning increasingly to     international patent laws earlier this
 R&D budget is a fraction of the         India.”                                    year, despite the problems caused
 annual research by a single                      Interestingly, the main           to domestic pharmaceutical giants,
 multinational companies like            reason for this shift is not just the      has also sent a strong and positive
 Pfizer—India’s researchers have         huge pool of trained manpower that         signal to the world. Though the
 shown the world they can innovate       Indian universities and educational        Chinese       and     the    Indian
 without breaking the bank.”             institutes create each year. The edge      pharmaceutical industries are
          Little wonder then that the    over Chinese counterparts lies in          well matched in size, it is
 world is beating a path to India’s      the greater “cultural affinity with        thought that this “commitment to
 R&D research institutions and that      westerners” that Indians have, over        patent protection may help India
 Dr R. A. Mashelkar, Director            and above the “English-language            beat China in the race up the value-
 General, CSIR says, “ The world has     skills”. The Newsweek report points        chain ladder in pharmaceutical
 realized that if you don’t have an      out, “That affinity has also helped        research”.
 India address (in R&D), you are in      India gain an edge in intellectual-                 In short, well-leveraged
 trouble.” The Council of Scientific     property protection. In a sector like      skilled Indian manpower, a pool of
 and Industrial Research (CSIR),         chip design, for instance, large           brilliant young talent, coupled with
 India is increasingly the chosen        companies will outsource R&D               cultural affinities and linguistic
 partner in research collaborations      activities only if they believe they can   advantages as well as compliance
 with an enviable client list spanning   protect the intellectual property          with the international patent
 the globe.                              they are letting out the door.”            regime has given Indian R&D a
          Dr D. Yogeshwara Rao,                   India’s auto market is            significant edge over potential
 Head,        CSIR,      Technology      attractive because though it is only       competitors. The world has taken
 Networking         &        Business    about a third the size of China’s, it      notice. The laurels are coming
 Development Division, CSIR,             is growing faster. Car sales in India      India’s way.

384                                                                                                              CSIR NEWS
                                                            R&D Highlights

     CIMAP develops Low-cost Aroma Distillation Unit

         HE Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), Lucknow, has developed a low-cost
         and simple-to-operate distillation unit. With development of this unit, extraction and distillation
         of essential oils will neither be a hard task nor a costly affair for the poor farmers.
          The distillation unit has a capacity to handle 12 kilograms rose flowers or 20 kilograms herb per batch.
 The new distillation unit is made of pure stainless steel and has a long life. The advantage of the new unit is that
 it can be operated by firewood, agro-wastes, LPG and even by kerosene burners. Due to its modular construc-
 tion, it can easily be assembled at the site too.
          Being so simple in construction, it can easily be operated even by a layman. The chimney, which is
 attached to the distillation unit, helps to control pollution at the work place.
                                                      The existing distillation units for preparation of rose water and
                                             extraction of essential oils were made of copper and had a very primi-
                                             tive design and construction, which makes it difficult to operate these
                                             for producing good quality essential oils and rose water. These units
                                             also cause pollution in the workplace. Since there is no way to control
                                             the rate of distillation in these units, the product quality is generally
                                             inferior and yields are low.
                                                      To remove these shortcomings in the existing distillation units,
                                             a need was felt to design a simple, economical but efficient unit mainly
                                             of rose water, spice oils and essential oils.

                                                                   OPERATING PARAMETERS

                                              •   BATCH SIZE:   12 kg rose flower/20 kg aromatic plants materials
                                              •   Can be used for spices and other aromatic plants also
                                              •   ROSE WATER OUTPUT: 10 to 15 litres/batch (depending on the
                                                  quality of rose water)
                                              •   BATCH TIME: Three hours

                                              •   FIREWOOD CONSUMPTION: 15-29 kg/batch
                                              •   WATER REQUIREMENT FOR COOLING: 200litre/batch
      Distillation unit developed by CIMAP

                                 New Projects at RRL, Bhopal
   THE new projects taken up at the Regional Research Laboratory (RRL), Bhopal, in the recent past include:
   1. Preparation of REIA Report for Ispat Godavari Ltd, Raipur, Rs 2,00,000
   2. Micro, Meso and Macroscopic analysis of Ductile Fracture using FEM, BRNS, Mumbai, Rs 4.01million
   3. REIA and EMP for Lignite Mines, Panandhro, Kutch, GMDC, Rs 7,00,000

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                     385
      R&D Highlights
   Simulation of Deformation                                                          Cenospheres from
  and Microstructure Pediction                                                            Fly Ash
 THE Regional Research Laboratory (RRL), Bhopal, has                                THE Regional Research Laboratory
 made an attempt to simulate the response in a cylindrical                          (RRL), Bhopal, has developed a process
 steel sample compressed to 40% of its height at ambient                            for separation of cenospheres from fly ash.
 temperature through finite element analysis and substantiate                       Cenospheres are high value materials
 the behaviour through experimentation based on the                                 present at low volume in fly ash. The
 microstructural characteristics. The compression tests were                        cenosphere thus obtained will be of
 carried out using a 400-tonne hydraulic press at a constant                        invariable physical, chemical and
 strain rate of 1.7 ´ 10-2 per sec and strain of 0.5. A commercial                  mineralogical composition. One such
 FEM software was used for simulation. The overall pattern                          processed grade contains iron rich
 of deformation of finite element mesh and strain distribution                      fraction which can have application in
 in different regions along the radial and longitudinal directions
         I                                                                          development of materials for adsorption
 in one quarter of the cross section of the specimen is shown                       of radioactive metals. The other grade is
 in the figures.                                                                    suitable for use as filler material for light
                                                                                    weight plastics, polymers, refactory/
                                                                                    insulating, acoustic materials.

          FEM simulation showing (a) the deformation of grids and
       (b) level of straining in different regions of one quarter geometry
                           of the cylindrical steel sample                                     A view of the cenospheres

                    Rapid Environment Impact Assessment
                         for Panandhro Lignite Mine
 THE Regional Research Laboratory                  Ahmedabad. Baseline data is col-        carried out at eleven locations.
 (RRL), Bhopal has undertaken a                    lected during the field monitoring      Seven surface water, five ground wa-
 project titled ‘Rapid environment                 programme at site for ambient air       ter and six soil samples were col-
 impact assessment for Panandhro                   quality, noise, water, biological and   lected and analyzed for physico-
 lignite mine’ sponsored by Gujrat                 socio-economic components. The          chemical parameters.
 Mineral Development Corporation,                  ambient air quality monitoring was

386                                                                                                                        CSIR NEWS

    National Seminar on Advent of Digital Information
  Environment and Contributions of Dr S. R. Ranganathan

          ANGANATHAN Society For Book Culture,                        Padamshree Prof. P.N. Kaula, Emeritus
          Library and Information Studies (RAS) in colla-    Professor and Chairman (RAS), Lucknow, gave
          boration with the National Botanical Research      presidential address. He said, “Dr Ranganathan, the
 Institute (NBRI), Lucknow and Prof. Kaula                   genius that appeared in the library and information
 Endowment for Library and Information Science,              field, had himself worked for mathematical and
 Tenali, Andhra Pradesh, organized a National Seminar        machine applications to several areas of work in
 on the auspicious day of Birth Anniversary of Dr S.R.       libraries. Ranganathan’s Facet and Phase analysis are
 Ranganathan, father of Library Science. The                 now being applied in Content Analysis and Artificial
 programme was begun with the garlanding to the              Intelligence. Let us all join hands together to study
 portrait of Dr S.R. Ranganathan and lighting the lamp.      his seminal ideas and works and pay tribute to this
 Dr P. Pushpangadan, Director, NBRI, Lucknow,                great Indian, Whom the American Library Association,
 inaugurated the National Seminar. He said in his            the world’s largest and the most powerful association
 inaugural address, “There was a time when the success       with a membership of over 50,000 professionals paid
 of a nation was accounted in terms of its national          tribute in 1964 by stating, “Most of us are not your
 resources but now it is done on the basis of knowledge      disciples, but all of us are your students. You answer
 its citizens possess.” Dr H.M. Behl, Scientist, NBRI,       the challenge of the future with a challenge. We are
 Lucknow, said that the growth of a nation depends on        proud to be in your debt. Let us change our approach
 how its citizens are knowledgeable and in this aspect       and start reading, learning and experimenting what
 how libraries playing its role. With the advent of          Dr Ranganathan has started and written for us. That
 internet, the importance of libraries pushed back, but      will be appropriate tribute that we will pay to this
 60 percent information provided on the internet is not      greatest professional, scientist of the world.”
 authentic. Hence a need arises to combine the facility               Dr Shailendra Kumar, Head of the
 of libraries and latest technology by converting            Department, Library & Information Science, Delhi
 Traditional Libraries to Digital Libraries, to facilitate   University, stressed the need of organizing workshop
 the users. Dr H.V. Mote, Library Officer and                on Digital Libraries to create a multimedia resources
 Organising Secretary, read the messages of eminent          environment as technology is developing at a rapid
 personalities, as due to pre-engagement they could not      pace. More than 100 professionals have attended the
 attend the seminar.                                         seminar. There were two sessions. One for the Digital
          Dr T. A.V. Murthy, Director, Information           Libraries and other for Contributions of Dr S.R.
 Library Network (INFLIBNET) Centre on IUC of                Rnaganathan. Seven papers were presented during the
 University Grant Commission, Ahmedabad, Gujrat,             first Technical Session. Dr Ramesh Babu and Prof. P.N.
 delivered keynote address. He said, “Libraries support      Kaula spoke on ‘Contributions of Dr S. R.
 economic development by redefining students mind            Ranganathan’. Dr H.V. Mote presented a paper in Hindi
 in the right direction. They preserve our rich and          on ‘Dr Ranganathan Ki Hire Ki Khoj’. Dr Rochana
 diverse culture and history, which is transmitted from      Srivastava presented the Report on the National
 one generation to another.” “In a country like ours with    Seminar. Dr Ramesh Babu was the Seminar Director.
 70 percent of its population living in the villages,                 CD on ‘Kitaboon Ka Masiha’ was shown during
 libraries prove to be greater source of knowledge than      the seminar. Shri M. L. Kain compered the
 the Internet,” he added further. Dr T. A.V. Murthy also     programme. Lastly, Dr H.V. Mote, Organizing
 released the Souvenir of seminar.                           Secretary, proposed the vote of thanks.

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                 387

             Interactive Meet with Seed Industry at NCL

        HE National Chemical                                                                        structure. The thinking at
        Laboratory (NCL),                                                                           NCL is least ten years ahead
        Pune, organized an                                                                          defining technologies that the
 interactive meet with seed                                                                         industry would need in future
 industry at NCL. The purpose                                                                       and identifying newer frontiers
 of the meeting was to                                                                              of science that underlie these
 understand the current R&D                                                                         emerging technologies. In-
 requirements of the seed                                                                           stead of ‘giver’, we now wish
 industry and realign some of                                                                       to become a ‘partner’ in
 NCL’s R&D efforts in the area,                                                                     industry’s progress and jointly
 thus providing innovative                                                                          contribute to the creation of
 solutions to the problems faced       Dr P. S. Rao, Director, Department of Biotechnology,         economic wealth in society.
 by industry. About thirty                    PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore,                         In the technical
 industries from all over India                  delivering his inaugural address                   session that followed, Dr
 attended the meet. Dr P. S.                                                                        Vidya Gupta, Dr Rajani
 Rao, Director, Department of           or even sublicensing the technology Nadgauda, Dr S. K. Rawal, and Dr
 Biotechnology, PES Institute of on transgenic crops comes at a very Mukund                                   Deshpande       gave
 Technology, Bangalore, delivered       high price. He also urged the seed presentations on glimpses of NCL’s
 the inaugural address.                 industry to capitalize on the synergy research activities with special
         Dr Rao in his talk outlined between NCL and industry and reference to the expertise available
 the background, opportunities become partners in progress.                                 in the areas of plant tissue culture,
 available and challenges faced by the              Dr S. Sivaram, Director, plant molecular biology and
 seed industry, besides emphasizing NCL, in his introductory remarks biopesticides.
 on societal responsibility of the said that the national laboratories                                 Following this, a panel
 scientists. Speaking on the current had traditionally assumed the role discussion and interaction between
 technology status, he stated that of a ‘giver’ and the
 introduction       of    transgenic industries were
 technology has made a huge impact the ‘takers’. But,
 on world agriculture and economy. now with many of
 Seventeen countries, including the industries
 India, have adopted biotech crops. having                their
 Compared to 2.3 lakh Bt cotton internal R&D
 packets sold in 2003-04, 13 lakhs capabilities, the
 packets were sold in the year 2004- scenario                has
 05. Government has approved many changed. NCL is
 Bt cotton varieties and they are in also consciously
 the pipeline. The global market for exiting from those
 genetically modified crops has research areas
 increased from $75 million in 1995 where industries
 to about $6.0 billion in 2005. He have adequate
 urged the seed industry to augment knowledge and                                    Dr S. Sivaram, Director, NCL, delivering
 indigenous efforts since outsourcing research infra-                                          introductory remarks

388                                                                                                                       CSIR NEWS
 NCL scientists
 and partici-
 pants was or-
                         Workshop on Road Asset Management
 ganized which
 was chaired by
                              – Needs and Imperatives

 Dr P. S. Rao.
 Problems                   HE Central Road
 f a c e d                  Research Institute
 by the seed                (CRRI),         New
 industry as        Delhi, recently organised
 well as newer-     workshop on ‘Road Asset
 opportunities      Management – Needs and
 were        dis-   Imperatives’. Shri L.K.
 cussed and a       Joshi, Secretary, Ministry
 number        of   of    Shipping,         Road
 avenues for        Transport and Highways
 possible col-      (MOSRT&H) inaugurated
 laborative and     the workshop. In his
 bilateral re-      welcome address, Dr P. K.
 search were        Nanda, Director, CRRI,
 identified. One
                                                                         Ministry of           Road
                    highlighted the need for Shri L.K. Joshi, Secretary,his inauguralShipping,duringTransport and Highways
                                                    (MOSRT&H) delivering              address        the workshop on ‘Road
 of the key out-    developing operational                      Asset Management – Needs and Imperatives’
 comes of the       asset management system
 meet was the       and mentioned various studies such as road existing in our country for road
 willingness on     user cost study, pavement performance maintenance which is primarily done based
 the part of the    study, inventorisation of national highways, on adhoc decisions and lead to poor
 industry to        and axle load studies etc. conducted by maintenance practices. Shri Joshi
 adopt a con-       CRRI in the last 3 decades which are emphasized that it is the right time to
 sortium model      essential component of road asset develop appropriate road asset
 of research        management. It was also informed that management system for the country. He
 partnership in     recently, a study on pavement condition was of the view that new concepts like OMT,
 which few in-      particularly the roughness measurements/ BOOT, BOT etc. will provide better service
 dustries will      data for various road sections completed to the road users. Shri Joshi supported the
 jointly work       under Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) of views of Dr Nanda on establishment of a
 together with      NHDP has been completed by CRRI. Dr separate National Road Data Centre in
 NCL on a           Nanda asserted the need and importance India and stated that all the data should
 generic prob-      of creating a separate National Road Data be available for better planning, budgeting
 lem thus shar-     Centre. Benefits which can be gained out and management of road asset. The
 ing         the    of various R&D studies planned to be information/data should be stored in a
 research costs     conducted through accelerated pavement manner that it will have practical use.
                    testing facilities, being procured by CRRI,                The workshop was attended by
 and outputs.
                    in the next 15-18 months were also               more than 100 delegates representing senior
                    highlighted by Dr Nanda.                         officers and engineers from government
                             Shri L.K. Joshi, in his inaugural departments and public sectors like
                    address, stated that huge amount has been MOSRT&H, NHAI, NRRDA, state PWDs,
                    invested in construction of roads and that urban development authorities, private
                    there is no scientific policy currently sectors, consultants, equipment

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                        389
 manufacturers, materials suppliers,
 researchers and academicians, and
 eminent highway professionals in
                                            Workshop on Ceramic Cluster
 their individual capacity.
         The workshop had two
                                            Development Programme in
 technical sessions. The theme of          Gujarat State - Its Initiative and
 first technical session was
 ‘Experiences on road asset                           Outcome
 management’. Three presentations
 were made by the key- note
 speakers: Measurable Benefits from
 Road Asset Management by Shri
 S.C.      Sharma,      Ex-DGRD,
 MOSRT&H;            Road      Asset
 Management-Ausralian Experience
 by Prof. (Dr) Arun Kumar, Royal
 Melbourne Institute of Technology,
 Australia; and Highway Operation
 and Safety Management by Dr A.
 N. Bansal, Sr. Transport Economist,
 The World Bank.
         Another technical session            Dr K.N. Maiti, Principal Co-ordinator of ceramic cluster development programme,
 was based on ‘Technical tools and         delivering his welcome address. Seated on the dais from right are: Shri Ramjibhai Maru,
                                         President, Panchal Ceramic Association, Thangadh; Dr H. S. Maiti, Director, CGCRI, Kolkata;
 implementation modalities’. Shri             Shri R. J. Shah, PCIA, Government of Gujarat; Shri Girisbhai Pethapara, President,
 Atul Kumar (CGM-IT&P, NHAI)                 Morbi-Dhuva Glaze Tile Association; Shri Karsanbhai Adroja, President, Sanitaryware
 and Shri D. P. Gupta (Ex-DGRD,                     Manufacturers Association, Morbi; Shri Sureshbhai Sompura, President,
 MOSRT&H) were the keynote                                        Federation of Ceramic Industries, Thangadh
 speakers who made presentations

 on ‘Road information system’ and             HE Central Glass &                        organized at Morbi, in the recent
 ‘Financial sustainability and                Ceramic            Research               past. Shri R. J. Shah, Principal
 valuation of road assets’                    Institute (CGCRI), Naroda                 Chief Industrial Advisor,
 respectively.                         Centre, Ahmedabad, is engaged                    Government of Gujarat and Dr H.
         The Valedictory Session was   in development of ceramic clusters               S. Maiti, Director, CGCRI,
 chaired by Shri J. K. Mohapatra,      in Gujarat State as a nodal R&D                  Kolkata, were the Chief Guests. Dr
 Director General, NRRDA & Joint       institution from 2001. The                       K. N. Maiti, Scientist (Director’s
 Secretary, Ministry of Rural          programme has involved about 500                 Grade) & Scientist-in-Charge,
 Development (MORD). Dr V. K.          ceramic       units     producing                CGCRI,       Naroda      Centre,
 Sood, Sr. Scientist, presented the    sanitarywares, crockery and                      Ahmedabad and Principal
 summary of workshop proceedings.      tablewares, ceramic tiles (wall, floor           Investigator of the project; Shri
 The workshop ended with vote of       and porcelain granito), refractories             Girisbhai Pethapara, President,
 thanks by Dr T.S. Reddy, Sr.          etc. and located in Thangadh,                    Morbi-Dhuva        Glaze      Tile
 Scientist. Dr Reddy expressed his     Morbi-Wankner, Himatnagar and                    Association; Shri Karsanbhai
 sincere thanks to all the session     Ahmedabad clusters.                              Adroja, President, Sanitaryware
 chairman, speakers, delegates                 A review meeting-cum-                    Manufacturers Association, Morbi;
 sponsors and the organising team      workshop on ceramic cluster                      Shri Ramjibhai Maru, President,
 for their valuable contributions.     development programme was                        Panchal Ceramic Association,

390                                                                                                                        CSIR NEWS
 Thangadh; and Shri Sureshbhai             and beneficiation of Than fire clay;     CGCRI, Kolkata, expressed his
 Sompura, President, Federation of         import substitution of Ukraine clay      whole-hearted happiness over the
 Ceramic Industries, Thangadh; also        from Granito tile production; use of     grand success of CCDP at Gujarat
 participated in the workshop and          non-conventional RMs and                 and appreciated the efforts of Dr K.
 graced the occasion. About 140            development of additives to increase     N. Maiti. He added that the
 representatives from different            unfired strength and casting             linkages between R&D institutes
 Ceramic Industries participated in        properties etc. He concluded that the    and industry are always very poor
 the workshop.                             initiative taken by Government of        in our country. But he appreciated
           Shri R. M. Savsani, T.O.,       Gujarat and CGCRI for technology         Dr K.N. Maiti who has
 CGCRI,          Naroda        Centre,     up gradation and improvement in          accomplished it in a grand way and
 Ahmedabad, introduced the                 quality in SMEs sector has turned        created history. His commitment
 dignitaries and Dr K.N. Maiti,            into a model for cluster development     and dedication is exceptional and
 Principal Co-ordinator of ceramic         and found ways not only to use waste     unmatched. In conclusion, Dr H.
 cluster development programme,            but to eliminate it in the production    S. Maiti said that with continuing
 delivered the welcome address             also.                                    relationship of Morbi Industry with
 followed by the presentation on the                Shri Ramjibhai Maru,            CGCRI, the industry is poised to
 outcome of CCDP. Dr K.N. Maiti            President, Panchal Ceramic               be the first in the world.
 said that CGCRI, Naroda Centre,           Association, Thangadh, emphasized                 Shri R. J. Shah, PCIA,
 has been conducting CCDP for the          that with the extraordinary efforts      Government of Gujarat, shared the
 last four years and a great amount        of Dr K.N. Maiti, Scientist-in-          interesting story of events taken
 of work has been done since then.         Charge, CGCRI, Naroda Centre             place in formulating and sanctioning
 The present workshop was arranged         and Shri R. J. Shah, PCIA,               of CCDP to CGCRI, Naroda
 to critically analyze and review the      Government of Gujarat, tremendous        Centre, with the participants. He
 outcome of CCDP carried out by            developments have taken place. He        also praised the efforts taken by Dr
 CGCRI, Naroda Centre. He made             further added that within six months     K.N. Maiti in making the
 a presentation on ‘Sustainable            time, the supply of natural gas fuel     programme a great success. Shri
 Ceramic Cluster Development               through pipeline may be available in     Shah also emphasized the need of
 Programme in Gujarat State                Thangadh and it will further improve     strengthening and unification of
 (CGCRI-Gujarat Model)’. Dr Maiti          the efficiency and productivity.         industries associations and
 further elaborated that the various                Shri Sureshbhai Sompura,        formation of a federation to steer
 developments taken place are self-        President, Federation of Ceramic         sustainable cluster development
 sustainable and SMEs are now in a         Industries, Thangadh, narrated his       programme. Shri Shah also
 good position and looking forward to      experiences. Shri Girisbhai              explained various schemes of
 grow better compared to the               Pethapara, President, Morbi-Dhuva        Government of Gujarat for welfare
 organized sector and improving their      Glazed       Tile      Manufacturer      of industry.
 competitiveness at home and abroad.       Association, recalled the day, the                In the second session, Dr K.
           On the environment              first workshop was organized at          N. Maiti presented ‘Road Map for
 protection front reduced rejection        Morbi. He said that due to CCDP          Future Development of Ceramic
 after firing and its part recycling not   technical knowledge and self             Industries in Gujarat State’ and
 only affected resource conservation       confidence of all the persons engaged    elaborated the proposed R&D
 but also greatly reduced solid waste      in ceramic manufacturing have            activities of CGCRI alone and in
 pollution in the clusters. Dr Maiti       significantly improved. He also          association with UNIDO, activities
 stressed the importance of some           requested CGCRI to work on               of unified industries association and
 R&D projects viz; development of          utilization of fired scrap produced in   Government of Gujarat. He also
 blended and beneficiated clays for        Granito tile production.                 explained the problems associated
 each sector of ceramics; blending                  Dr H. S. Maiti, Director of     with non-standard raw materials

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                        391
  and narrated the current status of mining of Than Fire
  clay in Thangadh and surrounding areas. Dr K.N. Maiti
  in a very lucid manner elaborated the techniques of
                                                                                 CGCRI initiates
  blending, levigation and Hydrocyclone to maintain
  consistency in quality. Dr Maiti presented a specific
  example that how a crude Than Fire Clay containing
  60.89% silica and 23.30% alumina, upgraded to contain
  54.90% silica and 28.54% alumina by levigation and further

  49.04% silica and 33.23% alumina by levigation-cum-                            N Indo-Norwegian bilateral project on
  Hydrocyclone beneficiation technique. Simultaneously                           ‘Fibre optic sensor technology for real-
  plastic and dry properties of Than clay were also improved.                    time monitoring of parameters for capacity
           Shri Girisbhai Pethapara, put forth his reaction              enhancement of existing transmission lines’ has
  by stating that although we have come a long way but it is             been initiated between the Central Glass &
  just a beginning and we still have to improve a lot. Shri              Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI), Kolkata,
  Girisbhai agreed to all the issues raised by Dr Maiti and              and SINTEF, Norway. The programme was
  requested the Government of Gujarat to keep this CCDP                  formally inaugurated with the organization of a
  to continue till some of the ceramic industries in Morbi               one-day workshop on ‘Fibre Bragg Gratings
  become the global players.                                             (FBG) based sensor and their applications’ by
           Shri Sureshbhai Sompura, President, Federation                CGCRI at the institute which was attended by
  of Ceramic Industries, Thangadh, also expressed his views              the scientists, experts, researchers and professors
  in agreement with that of Dr K. N. Maiti and requested                 from reputed organizations of the country.
  Dr Maiti to give some information on optimum use of                    Scientists from other CSIR laboratories were also
  gaseous fuel in traditional ceramics firing as the natural             among the invitees. Dr G.D. Gautama, IAS,
  gas is expected to reach Thangadh shortly.                             Principal Secretary, Department of Information
           Shri R. J. Shah, PCIA, said that along with CCDP,             Technology, Government of West Bengal was the
  the State Government has sponsored waste utilization                   Chief Guest in the inaugural session.
  project, earlier and now the Than clay and sol gel projects                     In the welcome address, Dr H.S. Maiti,
  etc. It shows the commitment of State Government                       Director, CGCRI, highlighted that the project is
  towards the well being of the industry.                                sponsored by INPIC (NORAD), Government of
           Finally, Dr H. S. Maiti, Director, CGCRI, Kolkata,            Norway, which aims at the development of a Fibre
  asked the participants to put forward their expectations               Bragg Gratings (FBG) based device for application
  from CGCRI and assured them to fulfill their                           in real-time monitoring systems to measure
  requirements. Dr H. S. Maiti opined that he fully endorse              conductor temperature and sag-tension in the
  the suggestions of Dr Maiti and said “understanding                    critical spans of existing power transmission lines
  ceramic science is the key to progress of ceramic                      to enhance its flow capacity in hill and coastal
  technology”. Any investment in ceramic science is an                   regions of India. The project envisages sharing of
  investment for future. Till now we have utilized the                   the complementary expertise of CGCRI with
  ceramic technology developed by others, now it is our turn             SINTEF, Norway, in the field of real-time
  to develop science and build technology for utilization of             sensoring and monitoring of parameters for
  others. In this area sol-gel technology can be one area of research.   capacity enhancement of existing power
           All the participants exchanged the views with the             transmission lines.
  experts during the open discussion period.                                      FBG-based device developed will be
           The workshop concluded with the vote of thanks                installed on transmission line conductor while
  proposed by Shri R. M. Savsani, T.O., CGCRI, Naroda                    temperature and sag-tension will be measured in
  Centre, Ahmedabad.                                                     terms of drift in reflection frequency from FBG

392                                                                                                                CSIR NEWS
 for transmission to remote
 interrogation unit for measuring the
 temperature and tension present on
                                                   Chinese Delegation visits
 the conductor. Long term testing of
 the total unit will be carried out at
 various sites of Power Grid
 Corporation of India, who will install
 such monitoring system on their
 transmission lines at remote hill and
 coastal areas of the country where
 real-time measuring device
 developed will enable them in
 observing better load management
 and preventive maintenance of the
 national power grids.
         In his speech, Dr Leif
 Bjerkan, Senior Scientist, SINTEF,
 Norway, narrated the background of        Seen during the Chinese delegation’s visit to NISTADS (from left) are: Prof. (Ms) Zhao
 the present project and the R&D          Lan-xiang, Institute of Policy and Management, CAS; Prof. Fang Xin, Member, Presidium,
                                          Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and member of the Standing Committee of National
 activities already taken up by
                                                  Peoples’ Congress, People’s Republic of China (leader of the delegation);
 SINTEF in the field of sensoring and                Shri V.K. Gupta, Director, NISTADS, Prof. Chang Qing, Counselor,
 monitoring high voltage transmission       Science and Technology, Chinese Embassy, New Delhi; and Prof. Jiang Yu, Institute of
 line with FBG. Shri P.L. Narayana,           Policy and Management, CAS; Dr V.P.Kharbanda, Senior Scientist, NISTADS and
 Chief, Monitoring Unit, Indo-                                     Ms Song Qi, Chinese Academy of Sciences

 Norwegian        Programme         of             four member Chinese                 CAS; Prof. Parthasarthi Banerji
 Institutional Corporation (INPIC),                delegation consisting of            highlighted the research activities
 Government of India, New Delhi,                   Prof. Fang Xin, Member,             being carried at NISTADS. It was
 described the background of the          Presdium, Chinese Academy of                 noticed that both these institutions
 Indo-Norwegian collaboration and         Sciences (CAS), and member of                i.e. IPM and NISTADS are
 detailed about their projects            the Standing Committee of                    working on more or less same
 continued with other CSIR                National Peoples’ Congress,                  issues of national and international
 laboratories e.g. IIP, Dehra Dun,        People’s Republic of China                   importance in the areas of science
 NIO, Goa etc.                            (leader of the delegation); Prof.            and technology policies, techno-
         In the technical session,        (Ms) Zhao Lan-xiang, and Prof.               logical change and innovation,
 notable speakers Shri J.K. Roy, Chief    Jiang Yu from the Institute of               technology assessment and
 General Manager, Eastern Telecom         Policy and Management, CAS,                  forecasting, primarily in specific
 Projects (BSNL), Prof. B.P. Pal, IIT,    Beijing, China; and Ms Song Qi               areas of biotechnology and
 Delhi, Shri A. Anand, Chief Design       (CAS), visited NISTADS on                    information and communication
 Engineer (Engg. TL), Power Grid          18 November 2005, and had a                  technologies and rural develop-
 Corporation of India, delivered their    fruitful discussion with the senior          ment. Both sides agreed to hold an
                                          scientists of NISTADS on issues              international/bilateral conference
 valuable lectures on fibre optic
                                          relating to the national science and         on issues of IT/BT in the near fu-
                                          technology policies in India and             ture in Delhi or in Beijing to de-
         The vote of thanks was
                                          China. While Prof. (Ms) Zhao                 lineate the specific programms of
 proposed by Dr S.K. Bhadra,                                                           bilateral cooperation between
                                          Lan-xiang, highlighted the
 Scientist, CGCRI, Kolkata.                                                            NISTADS, New Delhi and IPM,
                                          research activities of the Institute
                                          of Policy and Management (IPM),              Beijing.

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                                    393
      Foundation Day Celebrations

      Prof. Julia                      NEERI celebrates Foundation Day
      King visits
                                              HE National Environmental
                                              Engineering           Research
                                               Institute (NEERI), Nagpur,
                                      recently celebrated its Foundation

         ROF. Julia Elizabeth         Day. Dr A.K. Sinha, Director,
         King, Principal of the       Maharashtra Remote Sensing
         Faculty of Engineering,      Application Centre (MRSAC), was the
 Imperial College, London,            Chief Guest on the occasion. While
 together with some of her            delivering a lecture on ‘Role of Geo-
                                      spatial Data in Environment                        Dr A.K. Sinha, delivering NEERI
 colleagues, visited The                                                                     Foundation Day Lecture
 National            Aerospace        Management’, Dr Sinha said that ample
 Laboratories            (NAL),       data on existing resources, their status,      warehouse of this data in its premises
 Bangalore, recently. It was a        spatial distribution, association with other   and connected it to district
 busy day for the Imperial            resources, socio-economic factors has been     administration offices for easy access
 College team but they said           created in the state using the remote          and better implementation of regional
 that they enjoyed the visit.         sensing technology. He said that merely        planning. Earlier, Dr Tapan
          After a brief meeting       creating the database is not enough.           Chakrabarti, Director-Grade Scientist,
 with Dr A. R. Upadhya,               Judicious and scientific use of the            NEERI, in his Welcome Address
 Director, NAL, and some of his       available database by administrative           highlighted the achievements of the
 colleagues, featuring a              agencies and scientific institutions such      institute in the last 57 years. He traced
 presentation on NAL activity,        as NEERI can help in natural resource          the journey of the institute from 1958
 Prof. King went round NAL            planning, environmental and socio-             to 2005 when the institute developed
 visiting divisions and facilities.   economic planning of resources at              from a water pollution monitoring
          After lunch she             regional and state level. In his               organization to an air pollution control
 delivered a lecture on               presentation, he further said that in the      and hazardous waste management
 Materials, MEMS and                  present era there was no dearth of data        institution to a highly sophisticated
 Mimicry organized by                 though duplication of data exists in           environmental impact assessment
 ISAMPE. In her lecture, Prof.        various organizations. Dr Sinha said that      making body to the state of the art
 King said that international         this data can be put to best use only with     environmental          genomic        and
 collaboration and investment         its proper use. He added that MRSAC has        biotechnology research institute. Dr
 had now become essential for         already completed work on all the 44,000       Chakrabarti narrated the steps in the
 step-change innovation. She          villages in Maharashtra and has mapped         development of the institute , which
 also talked of the compelling        all natural resources, delineated villages     brought it to the level of the country’s
 need for greener aircraft (‘by       boundaries using remote sensing satellite      premier institution. He further
 2050, 75% of the greenhouse          with resolution of less than a metre. He       informed that institute was recently
 effect will be due to aviation if    suggested that this data needs to be           awarded ISO-9001-2000 and that it is
 we don’t change things now’).        regularly updated to keep track of the         in the process of seeking NABL
 One of the highlights of Prof.       resources, soil degradation, salinity, water   accreditation.
 King’s stylish presentation          scarcity etc., which can help the                       Dr S. P. Pande introduced the
 was a video film on engine           administration in the use of existing          Chief Guest and Dr J. S. Pandey
 testing at Rolls Royce.              resources. He further informed that            proposed the Vote of Thanks. `
                                      MRSAC has already created a

394                                                                                                                    CSIR NEWS

                          Dr Nitya Anand delivers
                   Prof. Venkataraman Memorial Lecture

           R Nitya Anand, former                                                            and related diseases which
           Director, Central Drug                                                           affected the country most.
           Research Institute                                                               Leprosy and tuberculosis were
 (CDRI), Lucknow, recently                                                                  also equally important. One of
 delivered the fourth Professor K.                                                          the areas on which he started
 Venkataraman Memorial lecture                                                              working on was antimicrobial
 at National Chemical Laboratory                                                            agents. Dr Nitya Anand started
 (NCL),          Pune.        Prof.                                                         his presentation by giving
 Venkataraman, the first Indian                                                             information         about      the
 Director of NCL, made seminal                                                              understanding of crucial factors
 contributions to the area of                                                               in drug design such as transport
 organic synthesis and to the                                                               across membranes, biology of the
 development of industrially                                                                parasite and pathology of the
 important processes for dyestuff                                                           disease          through          a
 industry. The earlier lectures were                                                        multidisciplinary approach. He
 delivered by distinguished                                                                 emphasized           that      the
 scientists like Dr A. V. Rama Rao,                                                         development of candidate
 Prof. Goverdhan Mehta and Prof.         Dr Nitya Anand, delivering Prof. Venkataraman      molecules into drugs should
                                                   Memorial Lecture at NCL
 M.V. George. Dr Nitya Anand,                                                               include a systematic study of
 spoke on “My life in drug research                                                         their absorption, metabolism and
 and lessons learnt”. Dr Nitya Anand     excellence in science and technology            distribution even at that early stage.
 was a student of Prof. Venkataraman     which have sustained in this                    Dr Nitya Anand elucidated the
 and obtained his PhD in 1948 from       laboratory for over five decades,” he           likely topography of the binding
 the University Department of            added further.                                  sites (receptors) involved in drug
 Chemical Technology, Bombay.                    Dr Nitya Anand said that                action and the understanding of
         Dr Sivaram, Director, NCL       presenting the reminiscences of his             agonist, partial agonist and
 welcomed the speaker, distinguished     life in drug research would be a                antagonist activities as well as the
 guests and the audience and             better way of paying his tributes to            structure-activity relationship (SAR)
 described Prof. Venkataraman as a       his teacher. He further said, “It is            involved. In the light of these
 distinguished chemist, a pioneer in     indeed a great privilege and                    concepts molecular structures
 the area of colour chemistry, and a     opportunity to pay my humble                    assume a more dynamic meaning as
 mentor for a large number of            tribute to my teacher from where I              one can visualize molecules
 students who, in turn went on to        started learning my chemistry and               permeating across membranes,
 assume positions of responsibilities    particularly research in chemistry.”            wandering through biological
 and leaderships in their respective     On returning from Cambridge                     systems and interacting with
 careers in academia and industry.       University, UK, where he obtained               receptors, with an ability to evoke
 “By organizing Prof. Venkataraman       his second doctorate degree, Dr                 response or otherwise. Each part
 memorial lecture we pay tribute to      Nitya Anand joined the newly                    of the molecule begins to have a
 one of the leaders of this laboratory   established Central Drug Research               different meaning and the idea of
 who grew this laboratory with a great   Institute in 1951 and started                   sub-structural analysis through SAR
 vision and laid the foundation of       working on problems like infectious             becomes very vivid. He reiterated

30 DECEMBER 2005                                                                                                             395
       Honours & Awards
  that the Lipinski’s rule of five which
  provides useful guidelines on drug research                       NEERI receives Corporate
  like poor absorption or permeation are more
  likely when molecular mass is greater than                               Membership of
  500 Da, high lipophilicity (expressed as
  cLogP greater than 5), more than 5                                  International Association
  hydrogen bond donors, and more than 10
  hydrogen bond acceptors. In his epilogue                             for Impact Assessment
  of drug design concepts Dr Nitya Anand
  gave a very important and contemporary
  advice “Every single compound one makes                    THE International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) has
  acts as a guide for further exploration;                   granted corporate membership to the National Environmental
  otherwise structure activity relationship                  Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur, which will be
  has no meaning at all”. He also stressed                   valid till May, 2007.
  about the importance of inter disciplinary                           The IAIA is a multidisciplinary International Organisation
  working and joint collaborative team work                  for environmental practitioners. IAIA is the leading global
  in drug research. At the same time he                      authority on best practice in the use of impact assessment for
  warned that collaboration is not for doing                 informed decision making regarding policies, programmes, plans
  the experiments in isolation but is for                    and projects. The mission of IAIA is to provide an international
  bringing the brains of different fields to a
                                                             forum for advancing innovation and communication of best practice
  common platform in a symbiotic and                         in all forms of impact assessment to the further development of
  synchronized fashion. As it has been
                                                             local, regional and global capacity in environmental assessment.
  indicated, the most creative phase of Dr
                                                             IAIA has its International Headquarter at Fargo in North Dakota
  Nitya Anand’s career, started in the early
                                                             State of USA. IAIA has more than 2500 members and represent
  sixties, when he became the guiding spirit
                                                             more than 100 countries. The benefits to Institutional Members
  behind the synthetic drug development
                                                             include the following :
  programme of CDRI after his exposure to
                                                             · Submission to Impact Assessment & Project Appraisal,
  recent developments in molecular biology
  and bacterial genetics during his stay at the                  one of the best professional journals in the world on
  Department of Bacteriology & Immunology                        impact assessment
  at Harvard Medical School. The synthesis                   · Newsletter with international news about the profession
  of potential drugs in his group came to be                 ·    Direct access to website, exclusive resource networks and
  guided more and more by the concepts of                         searchable database
  drug design and consideration of the factors
  like drug-receptor interaction, metabolism                 ·    Direct access to training courses and customized training
  and pharmacokinetics. Synthesis of the                     ·    Free registration in annual meeting
  designed molecules required stringent                      ·    Opportunities to attend and practice in international and
  planning and execution of the synthetic
                                                                  regional conferences
  schemes and the pioneering contributions
  from his group in the context of synthesis                 ·    Opportunities to represent IAIA at international forum
  of a wide variety of heterocycles including                ·    Networking in special interest area sections
  several new prototypes of chromenes,
                                                             ·    Organizational linkages
  chromans, isochromans, diazabicyclo-
  octanes, etc. were presented in brief.                     ·    Eligibility for all leadership positions within IAIA

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