SIERRA MAGAZINE’S 2010 “COOLEST SCHOOLS” QUESTIONNAIRE 2007 2008 2009 EFFICIENCY ENERGY SUPPLY FOOD ACADEMICS PURCHASING TRANSPORTATION WASTE MANAGEMENT ADMINISTRATION FINANCIAL INVESTMENTS OTHER INITIATIVES Sierra, the award-winning magazine of the Sierra Club, is compiling information for our fourth annual “Coolest Schools” issue, which will rate American colleges and universities according to their environmental practices, green initiatives, and caliber of sustainability-oriented education. Schools that score highly in these realms may be contacted for further discussion and will receive recognition in the maga- zine’s September/October issue. Please fill out this interactive PDF as thoroughly as possible, save it with your responses as “2010_coolschools_your school’s name” and email it to firstname.lastname@example.org no later than March 20, 2010. Note that this questionnaire will become a public document and that we will not be altering your responses before publishing them online. Please answer as thoroughly as possible. Questions left blank will receive no credit, and if a question requests a percentage, you must provide a percentage. The scoring key will be available online once the issue is published. As the publication of the nation’s oldest and largest environmental nonprofit, Sierra has a readership of more than 1 million engaged and educated citizens. Many thanks for your participation. School name: Pepperdine University Contact name and title: Peter Duby, Coordinator of the Center for Sustainability Contact phone: (310) 506-6702 Contact email: email@example.com School’s city and state: Malibu, CA Number of students: 4,000 HONOR PLEDGE: By completing and submitting this questionnaire, you are certifying that all statements in this document are true to the best of your knowledge. PD INITIAL:______________ 3/19/10 DATE:______________ Category 1: Energy Supply 1. Please break down the energy types that your campus uses for electricity by percentage. If the school purchases its electricity from a utility company, this information should be available from that company. ____% Coal 21.3 ____% Wind 3.36 ____% Biomass 1.12 ____% Natural Gas 20 ____% Solar .96 ____% Geothermal 9.92 ____% Nuclear 21.3 ____% 21.3 Hydro ____% Other _____________________ .64 Small Hydro Electricity is approximately 80% of Pepperdine's energy supply, while 20% is comprised of natural gas. Through Southern California Edison, 16% of Pepperdine's electricity comes from renewable resources with the following breakdown: 21% wind, 62% geothermal, 6% solar, 7% biomass, and 4% small hydro. The remaining 64% is produced with coal, nuclear energy, and hydroelectric energy. 2. What type(s) of energy does your campus use for heating buildings (e.g., natural gas, biomass, coal)? ____% Coal 0 ____% Biomass 0 ____% Natural Gas 100 ____% Geothermal 0 ____% Elecricity 0 ____ % Fuel Oil 0 If cogeneration, please explain. Pepperdine uses gas-fired hydronic heating systems. These systems use natural gas which is cleaner, produces less carbon dioxide, and is more plentiful than fossil fuels. Category 2: Efficiency 1. What percentage of campus buildings completed within the past three years have a LEED certification of at least silver? 0 _______% Note whether the certification is higher than silver. Although Pepperdine does not have a LEED certified building, the University's energy performance standards go beyond code for all buildings. Both new construction and remodel projects are assessed for ways to incorporate sustainable energy features into the facility. These include: providing more efficient climate control systems, tinting windows with solar reflective film, energy efficient glass, motion sensors and electronic timers to shut off lights and HVAC, and solar sun shades. 2. What percentage of water used for campus landscaping is from recovered, reclaimed, or untreated soures? _______% 99 Pepperdine recycles all wastewater generated on the Malibu campus and uses the resulting recycled water for irrigation. Pepperdine applies only enough irrigation water necessary to sustain plant health using the University’s irrigation monitoring program. 3. What percentage of campus lighting fixtures are energy-efficient (e.g., compact fluorescent, LED, or equipped with motion sensors, automatic daylight shutoff, or other energy-saving features)? _______% 99 Pepperdine utilizes an energy management system that controls lighting and HVAC to help reduce energy consumption. Other installations include reflectors to reduce the number of lights per fixture, electronic timers, motion sensors, and LED accent lighting. 4. What percentage of campus appliances are Energy Star-rated? 30 _______% 5. Does the institution have underway a program of energy-efficiency retrofitting projects, such as improving building insulation or sealing heating and cooling ducts? Remodel projects are continually assessed for ways to incorporate sustainability into the facility. Not every measure is included in every building, but where feasible and complementary to the facility's purpose, such measures are incorporated. These include: installation of high-efficiency fluorescent and LED lighting, tinting windows with solar reflective film, installing water-efficient low flow toilets and showers, energy efficient glass, motion sensors and electronic timers to shut off lights, native vegetation in landscapes and reclaimed water for irrigation, low VOC paints, chiller water cooling, gas-fired hydronic heating systems, and solar sun shades. Category 3: Food 1. What percentage (in dollars) of food served at cafeterias is grown or raised within 100 miles of the campus? _______% 4.5 Sodexo, Pepperdine's food services vendor, has a local purchasing policy for produce. In Pepperdine's contracts, it requires produce companies to source fruits and vegetables from the same state or geographical region. 2. What percentage (in dollars) of food served at campus cafeterias is USDA-certified organic? _______% .01 Pepperdine's food services vendor, Sodexo, offers several organic options including "grab and go" organic snacks, food bars, and juices. 3. Do campus cafeterias source seafood that is deemed sustainable by the Marine Stewardship Council, the Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch Program, or a similar program? Yes, 5% of seafood purchased for Pepperdine's dining services is deemed sustainable by the Neptune Seafood standard. 4. What percentage of entrées served in campus dining locations include meat? If the meat is produced sustainably (for example, free-range or grass-fed), explain. _______% 80 20% of the chicken purchased for Pepperdine's dining services is hormone- and antibiotic-free. 5. Are nutritionally complete vegetarian and/or vegan options available at every meal? Yes, Pepperdine University values personal choice and provides vegetarian options at every meal. 6. Is bottled water sold or distributed on campus? Yes; however, students are encouraged to use reusable water bottles as filtered water fountains are present throughout campus as well as public water coolers in the cafeteria. 7. Does your school maintain a campus farm or garden? Does it use organic methods? Please describe the garden and methods used. The Pepperdine Green Team, a student-led organization, has planted and maintained an organic garden at the Malibu Vital Zuman Organic Farm. Category 4: Academics 1. Does your school offer any environmental- and/or sustainability-related majors, such as environmental studies, ecology, or sustainable agriculture? If so, please list them all. Biology, which also provides the opportunity for students at Pepperdine's Seaver College to add an environmental studies concentration to their major. 2. Does your school offer classes about clean technologies, including topics such as energy efficiency and solar-wind energy engineering? If so, please list them all. MPP 621: Environmental and Natural Resource Economics 3. Does your school provide students with a list of environmental and/or sustainability classes to make such courses easy to identify? Please provide a link, if available. www.pepperdine.edu/sustainability/current-practices/curriculum.htm 4. Please provide names of standout professors who work on environmental and/or sustainability issues and list their accomplishments, including awards, honors, and publications. Dr. Karen Martin is a preeminent scholar on grunion research. She discovered that beach grooming close to shore decreases the grunion’s successful reproduction rate. The San Diego City Council, followed by most other California Coastal cities, implemented measures to ensure beach grooming does not harm the grunion. Dr. Stephen Davis is a renowned scholar in chaparral ecology. His work yields vitally important information to the National Parks Department, regulatory agencies, and environmental organizations by providing insight into environmental preservation efforts. In 2008, he received the Robert Foster Cherry award for Great Teaching, the only national teaching award. 5. Do you have environment- and/or sustainability-related centers, programs, or research institutions associated with your school? If so, please provide their names and a description. The Center for Sustainability works closely with many departments, student groups, and the community to further sustainability through a triple bottom line approach. In essence, the Center for Sustainability is both a clearinghouse and conduit for sustainability at Pepperdine. 6. Is an environment-themed class a core curriculum requirement? If yes, please provide the name(s) of the course(s). As a core curriculum requirement, Pepperdine requires all Freshman students to complete a 4-unit first-year seminar. One o 7. What percentage of academic departments offer environment- or sustainability-related classes? _______% 75 The Communication, Humanities/Teacher Education, International Studies and Languages, Natural Science, Religion, and Social Sciences Divisions all offer environment-related classes. Category 5: Purchasing 1. Does your school have a sustainable-purchasing policy? If yes, briefly explain. Pepperdine does not have a specific policy regarding the procurement of sustainable goods. However, Pepperdine does purchase sustainable goods at the discretion of the manager of each department. Sustainable goods are preferred over non-sustainable goods as long as the sustainable good can meet the purpose for which it is sought. For example, Pepperdine uses green seal certified cleaning products in certain areas because they have been tested and determined as comparable to a more traditional brand of cleaning product. 29.9% of all office purchases from Office Depot were recycled or remanufactured items. 2. What percentage of paper used on campus is made from at least 30% postconsumer recycled content? _______% 5 Does your school purchase paper that is Forest Stewardship Council-certified? All of the long-run publications produced through University Communications are FSC-certified, and marked accordingly. 3. Does your school have a policy to purchase Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)-certified (or similar) electronics? If yes, please describe. No. 4. Do you have packaging agreements with suppliers that minimize waste? If yes, please describe. No. 5. Does your school specify in its purchasing contracts that products with energy-saving features be installed or delivered with these features enabled? No. Category 6: Transportation 1. Does your school provide a free shuttle service around campus and town? If yes, briefly explain. Pepperdine provides free shuttle services around campus and into the local shopping areas to discourage individuals from driving unnecessarily. Shuttles pickup and drop off students, faculty, and staff around campus every day from 7:40AM to 10:30PM, and shuttles to the local shopping areas run 11:50AM to 4:50PM, Monday through Saturday. 2. What has your school done to promote bicycling as a transportation method? Due to the campus's mountainous terrain and distance from off-campus housing, bicycling is not a viable transportation method, although Pepperdine has bike racks available in the main parking lots. Instead, Pepperdine more heavily supports other means of transportation such as the shuttle program, or provision of Hertz rental cars to students so that they can keep their cars at home. Students can rent the cars per hour, day, or week through an online system. Since the students rent the vehicles they are also more likely to carpool while utilizing the Hertz vehicles. 3. Does your school encourage its students and employees to use public transit, carpool, or use some other form of alternative transportation? If yes, what are the incentives? Pepperdine promotes the use of carpools, vanpools, mass transit, and walking via a program that gives incentives to employees who choose to "rideshare." Faculty and staff are entered into monthly drawings for cash, movie tickets, gift certificates, and hotel accommodations. Those who participate in the vanpool program or use mass transit also receive subsidies for their participation. The bus subsidy for faculty and staff is $25 per month, which covers approximately half of the monthly bus pass. Although Pepperdine University does not charge for parking on campus, faculty, staff, and students that carpool are provided preferential parking throughout campus. Cars are not allowed in the center of campus around dorm road, in the heart of the residential community. This encourages students to walk rather than drive around campus. 4. Approximately what percentage of students drive to school in a car? _______% 47 There are about 4,000 students at the Malibu campus and 2,110 of them walk, take the shuttle, carpool, or take public transportation to and from campus. 5. Approximately what percentage of faculty and staff drive to work in a car? 90 _______% Some of the 90% that drive to work in a car also carpool with other employees. Category 7: Waste Management 1. What is your campus’s current waste-diversion rate (i.e., percentage of campus waste being diverted from landfills)? _______% 78 Pepperdine recycles glass, cardboard, plastic, paper, metal, and other recyclable materials and composts green waste, wood, and food waste. Other materials that are recycled, but not included in the 78% diversion rate are batteries, cell phones, computers, and toner cartridges. 2. Does your campus provide recycling receptacles wherever there are trash cans? Pepperdine’s trash vendor, Crown Disposal, does not require a separate bin for recycling, so every trash can is a recycle bin. Crown Disposal sorts the trash through mechanical and manual means to pull out the recyclable items. This eliminates the risk that people will not recycle or that they will contaminate individual recycle bins with non-recyclables. Recyclable items disposed of at Pepperdine are sorted and recycled off-site. 3. Are recycling bins readily available at large events such as football games? Pepperdine’s trash vendor, Crown Disposal, does not require a separate bin for recycling, so every trash can is a recycle bin and is available at all events. 4. Does your school compost? If yes, are compost receptacles available at all or most on-campus dining locations? Pepperdine's trash vendor, Crown Disposal, composts materials from the refuse produced in the cafeteria. The extensive sort process pulls out recyclables and other refuse, leaving only the food waste. Recyclable items are then recycled, and the resulting food waste is sent to Crown Disposal's composting site. In addition, 95% of the campus's landscaping waste is composted. 5. Is your school committed to waste-reduction goals, such as zero waste? Please explain. Pepperdine does not have a specific “zero waste” commitment, but the University undertakes a number of different measures to reduce waste. The University encourages all students and employees to utilize dual-sided printing as their printing default. The cafeteria encourages the use of non-disposable plates and cutlery. The HR department has provided reusable totes to employees to use in place of grocery bags. Pepperdine encourages departments to utilize rechargeable batteries for their electronics. Interface Flor carpet tiles, which are used in multiple areas on campus, are made from recycled carpet and have no net negative impact on the environment. When departments are remodeling their offices, they send older office equipment to Pepperdine’s warehouse, where they can be refurbished and used by other employees. 6. Does your campus administer a donation program for clothing and other used goods when students are moving out of student housing? If so, are bins located in every dormitory? Salvation Army trucks come on campus at the end of the year for six days to collect clothes, shoes, lamps, laundry baskets, and other items that students no longer need. These items, which would otherwise end up in landfills, are sold in local Salvation Army Family Stores. Soles for Souls bins are available around campus, where shoes are collected for people in need worldwide. Category 8: Administration 1. Is environmental sustainability part of your institution’s mission statement, guiding principles, or similar document? If so, please provide the text or link. Pepperdine's sustainability policy is as follows: "Pepperdine University is committed to managing our resources in an ethical, practical, and purposeful manner that is consistent with our mission. We retain a steadfast and faithful focus on sustainability through communication of successes and challenges, implementation of practices, and education of those we are charged with serving. There is no greater role we can play in the sustainability field than to capture the hearts and minds of our students to strengthen them for lives of purpose, service, and leadership." http://www.pepperdine.edu/sustainability/about/policy.htm 2. Does your school employ at least one person dedicated to overseeing campus environmental initiatives, such as a sustainability coordinator, or have a sustainability task force or committee? Is the coordinator position a part-time or full-time position? Pepperdine's Center for Sustainability is staffed by a full-time director, full-time coordinator, and part time intern to oversee all sustainable efforts, opportunities, and services for the Pepperdine and outside communities. 3. Has your school made an official commitment to reducing its impact on climate change by setting goals of emission reductions by a certain date? If yes, does your school have a plan for achieving these reductions? If so, briefly explain the plan. No; however, Pepperdine has passed a sustainable policy stating that Pepperdine University is committed to managing its resources in an ethical, practical, and purposeful manner that is consistent with its mission. 4. Has your school conducted a complete greenhouse-gas-emissions audit of its campus? Pepperdine's greenhouse gas emissions inventory calculated the ghg emissions produced directly by the University (i.e. greenhouse gas emissions produced from University-owned vehicles and from stationary combustion) as well as indirect sources of greenhouse gas emissions (i.e. greenhouse gas emissions from consumption of purchased electricity, water, and solid waste disposal, as well as transportation-related activities in vehicles not owned or controlled by the University. 5. Has your school achieved a reduction in total annual carbon emissions? If yes, please explain and provide the benchmark year and percentage. No. Category 9: Financial Investments 1. Is all information about your endowment fund publicly available? Briefly explain. The University makes a list of endowment holdings and its proxy voting record available to trustees, senior administrators, and other select members of the school community at the investment office. Information on endowment holdings is also available upon request, on a password protected web site. Peppperdine provides its investment managers with guidelines that determine proxy votes. 2. Does your institution have an investment-responsibility committee that considers and acts on environmental issues? No. 3. Does your school make environmentally responsible investments? If so, briefly explain what they are and whether they’re made on an ongoing basis. Pepperdine seeks to ensure that it does not invest directly in environmentally harmful industries; however, the University makes investments through third party managers and does not have a say in nor is it always aware of investment choices in blind pools through commingled vehicles. Pepperdine's money managers are aware of the University's mission and of its consequent obligation to preserve and protect the wonderful resources bestowed upon Pepperdine. The University has not chosen to opt out of blind pools because while it does value environmentally sustainable practices, it also has a fiduciary obligation to maximize its endowment, which it does through the use of third party managers. Category 10: Other Initiatives 1. Have any of your school’s students effected positive environmental change on a campus, state, or national level? If so, please describe. (To nominate a specific student for greater attention in our coverage, please email firstname.lastname@example.org with his or her name, accomplishments, and contact information.) Pepperdine Green Team: The newly created and student-led Pepperdine Green Team is involved in researching innovative ways for the college student and entire campus to implement sustainable, holistic practices into everyday life. They have helped create awareness of environmental issues on campus as well as connecting with the local community. Graziadio School of Business and Management Net Impact: Net Impact is an international organization with over 10,000 members from over 90 countries whose mission is to make a positive impact on society by growing and strengthening a community of new leaders who use business to improve the world. Each year they host the "Social Enterprise Week" during a week in March. 2. Have students participated in environmental challenges or events such as the Solar Decathlon, environmental design contests, or environmental debates? If so, which events and how did they do? On September 21, 2009, a group of 12 Pepperdine students joined about 14,038 community members to take part in the 25th annual California Coastal Cleanup Day. A total of 69 sites throughout Los Angeles county removed a record-setting 300,413 pounds of debris and recyclables. 3. Has your school set aside part of its campus as natural habitat, stipulated limited campus development, or enacted programs preserving its land? If so, please explain. As part of Pepperdine's effort to maintain its environment, 500 acres out of the 830 that make up the Malibu campus have been set aside for preservation. This provides a pristine natural environment complete with native vegetation and wildlife. These areas are not actively managed so they are free from irrigation and pesticides. During the construction of the Drescher Campus, Pepperdine hand collected seeds and dirt from the hillsides before grading and replanted the native vegetation. The hillsides now contain 99% native vegetation. Pepperdine also works to maintain and plant native vegetation throughout the campus. 4. Does your school adhere to an indoor air-quality policy (e.g., the mandated use of nontoxic cleaning supplies)? If yes, describe the policy. While no specific indoor air-quality policy currently exists, Pepperdine uses environmentally friendly cleaning supplies including Green Seal certified products which make up 26% of all cleaning supplies. 5. Does your school offer outdoor- or nature-based programs, classes, or extracurricular activities to students and/or faculty? If yes, please list and describe. The Pepperdine Volunteer Center hosts ongoing environmental volunteer opportunities for students, faculty, and staff. Programs include a trail maintenance workshop, native tree planting, creek cleanup and barbecue, community beautification, environmental programs meetings, evergreen tree planting, beach cleanup, and a Santa Monica trails restoration and maintenance program. Category 10: Other Initiatives, continued 6. What specific actions has your school taken to improve its environmental sustainability since spring 2009? Please list all improvements. In the spring of 2009, water conservation tips were posted in each bathroom of the on-campus dorms to encourage students to conserve resources on campus. In the summer of 2009, Pepperdine converted a large section of irrigation from potable water to reclaimed water, which will save almost 5 million gallons of potable water yearly. In September 2009, Pepperdine implemented "Trayless Tuesdays," an initiative to save energy, water, and reduce waste by encouraging students not to use trays. The initiative has taken effect as a significant number of Pepperdine students have discontinued the use of trays in the cafeteria completely. 7. Please use this space to address any other unique or interesting sustainability initiatives that have not been previously mentioned: Pepperdine professor Dr. Lee Kats and his colleagues in the Seaver College biology department emphasize the value of conducting and engaging their students in hands-on research. Pepperdine students roll up their sleeves and enter the field to study ecosystems surrounding the Malibu campus. Seeking to protect native species, the biology program works with the Mountains Restoration Trust in nearby Calabasas to study stream health. Using state-certified protocol, they collect samples of macro-invertebrates in the water and send the samples to a lab to be analyzed. Because streams run near homes, roads, and oceans, its health is crucial to the community. For the past 21 years, Pepperdine has come together on "Step Forward Day" to benefit the community and dedicate students to a lifetime of service. In 2009, more than 1,400 participants provided 4,200 hours of community service at more than 45 different locations. Some of the services included brush clearing, trash pickup, and community beautification. Pepperdine's International Programs department features a Tropical Rainforest Ecology Trip to Costa Rica. The Costa Rica Program visits Manuel Antonio National Park, Monte Verde, Volcan Arenal, and offers 10 days of ecological study and research at the La Selva Biological Station, a premier tropical field station. The Center for Sustainability participates in the Environmental Committee hosted by the Malibu Chamber of Commerce, with the Center for Sustainability's director as the head of the committee. The committee works to help educate local businesses on how to be sustainable. Pepperdine buildings are connected to an energy management system, which allows the University's management and planning staff to monitor energy consumption throughout all of the buildings and to remotely adjust HVAC and lighting according to current energy consumption. This has resulted in significant energy savings. Additionally, the University utilizes electronic timers to shut down non-residential buildings on nights and weekends as well as motion sensors within locations that are rarely or infrequently used so as to further minimize energy consumption. Please save this PDF with your answers and email it to email@example.com no later than March 20, 2010. Thank you very much for your participation.
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