State Grant Performance Measures Template
Chief, Environment Branch
Office of Management and Budget
August 15, 2006
• Welcome and Introductions (10 minutes)
• The State-EPA Partnership (10 minutes)
• Template Approach for FY07 (70 minutes)
• Discussion (30 minutes)
The President’s FY07 Budget Language
“EPA will develop a standardized template that States will
use to develop and submit their State Grant Agreements.”
• Must link to EPA's Strategic Plan and long-term and annual goals.
• Provide consistent requirements for regular performance reporting.
• Allow for meaningful comparisons of states’ past and planned
The State-EPA Partnership
The states and EPA jointly deliver environmental protection.
• Primary responsibility for 37 programs under 8 statutes can be
delegated by EPA to qualified states.*
• States have increased their management capacities (75% of eligible
programs were delegated in 2000 compared to 40% in 1992). *
• Working together on the template underscores our commitment to the
*Data source: The Environmental Council of States 4
The State-EPA Partnership
Core Program Activities
The states conduct over 90% of core program activities that include:
Conducting inspections at regulated facilities;
Entering data in EPA’s six major databases;
Taking enforcement actions; and
Provide first response at spills, cleanups and natural disasters.
The federal government provides part of the funds for environmental programs
implemented by states.
Overall, states rely on categorical grant funds for about one-third of the operational
funds; the remainder comes from permit fees, bonds, trust funds, and the state
The federal one-third is a key component, because it supports the delegated
programs directly. Without it, most states will not be able to continue running
Data source: The Environmental Council of States
The Partnership is Achieving Results Nationally
By the end of FY 2005, the air was the cleanest it has been in 30 years: total
emissions of the six principal air pollutants—lead, ozone, particulate matter,
carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide—decreased by more than
In the last decade, more than 1,000 contaminated sites began cleanup
operations, and recycling and composting of municipal solid waste has increased
more than ten-fold.
96% of high-priority RCRA hazardous waste facilities have controls in place to
prevent any human exposures from current land and groundwater use, and 78%
have controls to prevent groundwater migration.
Over 88% of the nation's population served by community water systems
receives drinking water that meets all health-based standards—up from 79% a
Today, only 2% of America’s children have blood lead levels above 10
micrograms per deciliter, compared to 90% in the 1970s.
Data source: EPA’s FY05 Performance and Accountab ility Report
The Partnership is Building a Strong Performance Record
Air: Decreased emissions of four criteria pollutants (CO, SO2, NO2, and Pb) by over 60% since mid-1985.
Reduced exceedances of the one-hour ozone std. from >100 per year in the early 1990s to < 10 per
Contaminated Since 1985, cleaned up more than 22,000 sites, of which over 94% achieved a permanent
Sites: solution and are acceptable for unrestricted use.
Mercury: Since 1999, reduced mercury emissions from trash incinerators by more than 95%—from 8,600
pounds/year to 330 pounds/year; as a result the average mercury levels in affected sampled fish
Air: Prevented 207 million pounds of regulated air pollutants from being emitted annually.
Water: Through permit oversight, ensured 82 billion gallons of annually discharged water meet standards.
Closed $28.9 million in wastewater and $2.4 million in drinking water loans through the State
Revolving Funds in FY04.
Air: In 1983, some counties were in non-attainment for 4 of the 6 criteria air pollutants. Utah is now
attaining air quality standards throughout the state while the population has since doubled.
WESTERN REGIONAL AIR PARTNERSHIP (WRAP): SO2 emissions in five states declined by
approximately 31% between 1990 and 2004, and is on track to reach the 50% regional SO2 reduction
before the 2040 target.
Data source: state programs
Goals for FY07 Template Implementation
• Respond to budget language and can be implemented in FY07.
• Encourage broad involvement from the EPA regions, National Program
Managers, and the states.
• Incorporate the use of existing measures and data sources to the extent
• Focus on more immediate environmental outcomes.
• Augment current partnership agreements and grant workplans instead of
restructuring or replacing them.
• Allow integration with current and future efforts to improve performance
EPA’s Approach to the OMB Directive
• Aligned with EPA’s Strategic Architecture and focuses on GPRA and new
• Regular and consistent reporting: template measures are reported in EPA’s
Annual Commitment System, at least on an annual basis.
• Data for state baselines and results: for some measures, additional work
and time will be necessary to disaggregate the national data to a state-by-
• Number of grant measures by program office: OW = 26; OAR =14;
OECA = 7; OSWER = 6; OPPTS = 2.
Relationship to Other Grants Management
Policies and Issues
• Reinforces EPA Environmental Results Order and Goal 5 of the Grants
Management Plan, "Support Identifying and Achieving Environmental
• Addresses GAO, OIG, and Congressional recommendations to improve
EPA’s ability to show results from grant agreements.
• Reflects OMB concerns over PART ratings of EPA programs.
o PART scores have improved but scores for the results component have
The Template Applies to Program Implementation
FY 07 Budget
Program State Grant # Measures
Air State and Local Assistance (CAA Section 105) $185 10
State Indoor Radon $8 4
Enforcement Toxic Substances Compliance (Lead and PCB/Asbestos) $5.1 4
and Compliance Assurance
Pesticides Enforcement $18 3
Prevention, Pesticides and Lead $13 1
Pesticides Program Implementation $13.5 1
Solid Waste and Emergency Hazardous Waste Financial Assistance $103 3
Brownfields (CERCLA Section 128) $49.4 2
Underground Storage Tanks $37.5 1
Water Pollution Control (CWA Section 106) $221 12
Non-point Source (CWA Section 319) $194 2
Beaches Protection $9.9 2
Public Water System Supervision $99 7
Underground Injection Control $11 3
Total: $967 Total: 55
Project and Development Grants do not Require the
Template in FY07
Program State Grant President’s
FY 07 Budget Request
Water Wetlands Program Development $16.8
Targeted Watersheds $6.9
Wastewater Operator Training $0
Homeland Security $4.9
Office of Environmental Information Information Exchange Network $14.8
Prevention, Pesticides, Pollution Prevention $5.9
and Toxic Substances
Enforcement Sectors Program $2.7
and Compliance Assurance
Sample State Grant Performance Measures Template
Office of Water
Special Reporting Considerations for the Template
The implementation guidance recognizes three conditions needed to
clarify the relationship between the template measures and the grant
• Many template performance measures reflect broad
programmatic goals and may express results that are not
solely attributable to the activities funded by the grant.
• Performance measures that are not applicable to a state
grantee should not be included. For example, a state may
not have delegation authority to carry out the program
associated with a particular measure(s).
• Performance measures for eligible activities that are not
funded by the grant, but are currently reported by the state
to meet other accountability requirements can be reported
as “Not Applicable” on the template.
NPM Perspective: Office of Air & Radiation
o Priority GPRA outcome measures captured in the Annual Commitment
System and new PART measures.
o Measures are a subset of--not a replacement--for the existing family of
output and outcome measures.
• New NAAQS PART Measures
o Combines and relates currently reported information into new short term
environmental performance measures.
o Must establish 2007 baselines and clarify data lag issues for new
• Voluntary State Radon Program
o Variety of program designs and objectives present national measurement
NPM Perspective: Office of Water
Link to Strategic Plan
o Template measures are drawn from established water measures supporting the Strategic
Subset of Water Program Measures
o Template measures are a subset of those in FY07 National Guidance; OW did not include
all measures on the “template” to minimize state specific reporting (other measures only
reported at Regional/national level).
Grants v. Delegation Agreements
o Some template measures may be exempt under a special reporting consideration (i.e., not
directly funded under a grant) but still require reporting because of other agreements (e.g.,
federal program delegation).
Feedback to Program Management
o OW uses results data in mid-year and end-of-year performance reports.
o Performance reports identify program management improvements (e.g., identification of
“best practices” and response to weak performance).
o State-specific data will support refined management actions.
The Regional Role
Engaged throughout the development process and supportive of
the FY07 approach.
Recognize that the template is consistent with other collaborations
to improve measures and reporting systems.
Focused on implementing FY07 short-term actions while
maintaining long-term performance measurement objectives.
Working to align template implementation with schedules for FY07
categorical program grants and Performance Partnership Grants.
Collaborating to identify state-by-state baseline data for the
Committed to working with states to appropriately apply the
templates to the scope of each state agency’s programs and
States are Committed to Improving Performance
• Appreciate EPA’s effort to include the states in this process.
• Increasing workloads, ongoing budget pressures, and public
accountability underscore the need for a set of meaningful
performance measures and efficient reporting systems.
• Experience with the template will complement other joint efforts
to improve measures and streamline reporting requirements.
• Changes to performance measurement and reporting should:
o result in a better set of measures used to manage;
o not increase state reporting burden;
o foster state flexibility and account for innovative program activities;
o provide the ability to highlight individual state accomplishments; and
o provide a feedback mechanism.
FY07 Implementation Next Steps
• The template will be filled out as part of FY07 grant negotiations.
• Categorical grants and PPGs must include the template in the grant file
with the workplan.
• EPA will use the Annual Commitment System and ORBIT to report FY07
progress and inform Agency decision-making.