Just like nouns, there are 2 main types of verbs: Action and Linking Both types of verbs can be accompanied by auxiliary verbs. An action word expresses an action. The action may be physical or mental. Ex. of Physical Action Verbs: run, jump, play Ex. of Mental Action Verbs: want, wish, desire A linking verb links a word in the predicate (tells what the subject is or does or what happens to subject) to the subject. We were happy to see the sign for Wrightsville Beach. (“were” links happy to we) The ocean appeared rough next to the calm reeds. (“appeared” links rough to ocean) There are two groups of linking verbs: forms of be and verbs that express conditions. Forms of Be: is, am, are, was, were, been, being Verbs that express conditions: look, smell, feel, sound, taste, grow, appear, become, seem, remain **TIP**: If you can substitute a form of be for a verb, it is a linking verb. **Ex: Dad tasted the salty water. It tasted bad. (The first tasted is an action verb. The second tasted can be replaced with “was” and is therefore a linking verb.) Auxiliary verbs (also called “helping verbs”) are combined with other verbs to form verb phrases. A verb phrase may be used to express a particular tense of a verb (the time being referred to) or to indicate that an action is directed at the subject. Ex: Small scraps of birch bark are crackling in the fire. (“Are” is the auxiliary verb, crackling is the main verb) Our muscles will be sore from chopping wood. (“Will” is the auxiliary verb, be is the main verb) At last all the wood has been chopped. (“Has been” is the auxiliary verb, “Chopped” is the main verb) be, am, is, are, was, were, being, been, have, has, had, do, does, did, can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, might, must Some of these verbs can also function as main verbs. For example, notice how had stands alone in the first example, and is a helping (auxiliary) verb in the second example. At the end of the evening, we had no more energy. (Main) We had exhausted ourselves. (Auxiliary) We drove to the store. We drove to the store. He ran. We drove to the store. He ran. She looks tired. We drove to the store. He ran. She looks tired. He is smart. We drove to the store. He ran. She looks tired. He is smart. We are going to the play. We are going to the play. She smelled the flower. It smelled bad. We are going to the play. She smelled the flower. It smelled bad. That movie is my favorite. We are going to the play. She smelled the flower. It smelled bad. That movie is my favorite. I am happy. We are going to the play. She smelled the flower. It smelled bad. That movie is my favorite. I am happy.