Step by Step Guide Book on Home Wiring by rbasalyga

VIEWS: 583 PAGES: 50

More Info
									                                                                         NO.1


STEP BY STEP
GUIDE BOOK ON




             BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
             TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW


  GROUND
   WIRES


                                                                LOADED WITH
                                                              SIMPLE, EASY TO
                                                              FOLLOW WIRING
                                                                 DIAGRAMS

                          ALL ABOUT OUTLETS         PAGE 25


 HOW TO WIRE THREE-WAY
       SWITCHES
        PAGE 30




                                     COMMON
                                    TERMINAL
                                      SCREW
                                 (Black or Copper
                                      Colored)
   FROM/
  POWER      12-2 WIRE
           (WITH GROUND)
  SOURCE
                                               TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                                                                                    PAGE
            HOW THE HOME ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WORKS .................................2, 3, 28
            HOW TO TURN OFF MAIN POWER SUPPLY ....................................................4
            THE THREE WAYS TO GET POWER TO YOUR NEW WIRING JOB ................5
            HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.............................6, 7
            ALL ABOUT ELECTRIC WIRE ........................................................................8, 9
            HOW TO USE WIRENUTS AND SCREW TERMINALS ....................................10
            HOW TO INSTALL WIRING IN NEW WALLS AND PETITIONS.......................11
            THE MOST COMMON MEASUREMENTS FOR OUTLETS AND SWITCHES .12
            ALL ABOUT THE GROUND WIRE ....................................................................13
            HOW TO WIRE ELECTRIC DRYERS AND RANGES .................................14,15
            WATTS USED BY VARIOUS ELECTRICAL ITEMS..........................................16
            HOW TO FMD THE CAUSE OF A SHORT CIRCUIT........................................ 17
            HOW TO FIX FLOURESCENT LIGHTS.............................................................18
            HOW TO WIRE BOXES, FIXTURES AND SWITCHES .....................................19
            COLOR CODING OF WIRES, AND SCREW TERMINALS ...............................20
            ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS ALSO ALL ABOUT SWITCHES ..............................21
            HOW TO ADD NEW OUTLETS TO EXISTING ONES.................................22, 23
            ALL ABOUT OUTLETS ............................................................................24 to 29
            ALL ABOUT 3 WAY SWITCHES..............................................................30 to 37
            ALL ABOUT SINGLE POLE SWITCHES .................................................38 to 43
            ALL ABOUT 4 WAY SWITCHES .......................................................................44
            HOW TO WIRE OUTLET AND LIGHT WITH PULL CHAIN ..............................45
            HOW TO WIRE OUTLET - SWITCH AND LIGHT........................................46, 47
            ELECTRICAL     TERMS........................................................................................48



                                         IMPORTANT                                                               Copyright © 1982
                                                                                                                 Revised 1989
ALL OF THE ILLUSTRATIONS IN THIS BOOK SHOW TYPICAL WIRING METHODS, ACTUAL INSTALLA-                              Revised 1990
TIONS MUST BE ADAPTED TO INDIVIDUAL REQUIREMENTS, SO FOLLOW NATIONAL, STATE, AND                                 Revised 1994
LOCAL ELECTRICAL CODES.                                                                                        Step By Step Guide
                                                                                                                    Book Co.
STEP BY STEP GUIDE BOOK CO. HAS MADE EVERY EFFORT TO ENSURE ACCURACY AND RELIABIL-
ITY OF THE INFORMATION INSTRUCTIONS, AND DIRECTIONS IN THIS BOOK; HOWEVER, IT IS IN NO
WAY TO BE CONSTRUED AS A GUARANTEE.
STEP BY STEP GUIDE BOOK CO. IS NOT LIABLE IN CASE OF MISINTERPRETATIONS OF THE DIREC-
TIONS, HUMAN ERROR OR TYPOGRAPHICAL MISTAKES.


                                         Author: Ray McReynolds


                   IF YOU CANT FIND OUR BOOKS IN YOUR AREA,
                   CALL US ON OUR TOLL FREE PHONE NUMBER
                   FOR INFOMATION ON THEM. 1-800-678-1500 OR
                   WRITE TO:

                                    Step-By-Step Guide Book Co.
                                                 P.O. Box 70865
                                       Salt Lake City, Utah 84170
 WIRING COLOR GUIDE
c       WHITE WIRE nfutral
                   BLACK WIRE   tor
• 1 1 1 1 1 im n   RED WIRE     hot
                   BARE WIRE ground wire
                                           How the Home Electrical System Works
                                                            WIRE NUT GUIDE


                                                      a
                                                      mat
                                                      NUT
                                                             USE

                                                             USED
                                                                   RED

                                                                     ON
                                                                         WIRE NUTS
                                                             WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                         THIS PAGE
                                                             INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                                                                                    Color coding of wire
                                                                                                • The black wire is HOT
                                                                                                • The white wire is NEUTRAL
                                                                                 Etch this wiring rule in your memory and keep it there.
                                                                                 NEVER CONNECT THE BLACK (HOT) WIRE TO THE
                                                                                 WHITE (NEUTRAL) WIRE. (Exception: see page 20)
                                                               FROM                 Connect the black wire to the brass-colored terminal on
                                                              POWER
                                                              SOURCE
                                                                                 switches, receptacles, sockets, fuse boxes, and to the black
                                                                                 wires on pull chain fixtures. The white (neutral or ground
                                                                                 wire—also called the "continuous wire") is grounded at the
                                                                                 electric service switch. Connect it to the silver or light-colored
                                                                                 terminal of all receptacles, etc., and to the white wire on all
                                                                                 lighting fixtures. Again—never hook to the hot wire!
                                                                                                                            WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                                            TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                                                                                                            TERMINAL SCREW (      BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                                                                  TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
                                       CIRCUIT
                                     BREAKER BOX
                                                                          12-2    WIRE '
                                                                        (WITH GROUND)




                                            CEILING BOX




                                                                                                                                             GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                                                             TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                                                                                                                             TERMINAL SCREW




                                                            • ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                            BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                            EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                            THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                            MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                                 GROUND         /fr
                                  WIRES    •=="^
      WIRE NUT GUIDE
       USE RED WIRE NUTS
      WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
A
MM
      USED    ON  THIS PAGE
      INCLUDING GROUND WIRES   How the Home Electrical System Works
NUT


                                THE PICTURE BELOW SHOWS HOW THE POWER SUPPLY COMES OUT OF THE
                                BREAKER BOX SUPPLYING POWER TO THE OUTLETS AND HOW TO CHANGE
                 CIRCUIT        DIRECTION OF THE WIRE WITH THE USE OF A JUNCTION BOX.
               BREAKER BOX
                                                                                                       CEILING BOX




                                                FROM
                                               POWER
                                               SOURCE




                                                       12-2 WIRE
                                                     (WITH GROUND)




                        /'WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                          TO WHITE OR SILVER
                          TERMINAL SCREW




                                             BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                             TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW



                         GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                         TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                         TERMINAL SCREW




                                         JUNCTION                              PUT COVERS ON JUNCTION BOXES.
                                            BOX

                                                                        ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                       BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                       EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                       THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                       MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                      How to Turn off Main Power Supply
    Before starting any work, you must disconnect
 (or "kill") the circuit you'll be working on at its
 source in the service panel. If your circuits are        Chart Shows Color Coding of Wires and Terminal Screws
 protected by fuses, removing the appropriate fuse        Color of Wire               Color of Terminal       Hot — Neutral
 disconnects the circuit from incoming service. In a                                       Screw            or Grounding Wire
 service panel equipped with circuit breakers, you              White                   Silver or White        Neutral Wire
 can disconnect a circuit by switching its breaker
                                                                Black                         Brass              Hot Wire
 to the OFF position.
                                                                Red                           Brass              Hot Wire
                                                                Green                         Green           Grounding Wire
   To make sure you disconnect the correct circuit,
 turn on a light that's connected to the circuit before     Bare Wire                         Green           Grounding Wire
 you remove the fuse or turn off the circuit breaker.
 The light will go out when you've removed the
 correct fuse or turned off the correct breaker.
    If you have any doubt about which fuse or
 breaker protects which circuit, shut off all current
 coming into your home at the main disconnect               a                            e

  While you're at your service panel, spend another                     on                      MAIN CIRCUIT BREAKER
moment to prevent a possible disaster. Tape a note
on the panel explaining what you're doing so no one         0                            e
will come along and replace the fuse or reset the
circuit breaker while you're working on the wiring.                         1
Then either carry the fuse with you in your pocket                                              SWITCHING THE MAIN BREAKER TO THE
or tape the circuit breaker in its OFF position.                                                OFF POSITION SHUTS OFF ALL POWER.

                                                                        a
                                                                    — fH        3 .

With the electricity turned off, you can work in                        n       -8 —
                                                                                0
                                                                                                CIRCUIT
complete safety. Still, it's a good idea to keep a few                                        BREAKER BOX
                                                            9                            <B
additional safety precautions in mind.
  Remember that water and electricity don't mix.
Never work on wiring, fixtures, switches, or
appliances when you're wet or standing on a damp
spot. Lay down dry boards to stand on if the floor
or ground is wet.


                                                                                                            Pull-out block
                                                                                                                    t



fuses
                                       Lever




         Lever disconnect. An                                    Pull-out block. The
        external handle                                          main cartridge fuses
        controls contact with                                    are mounted on one or
        two main fuses in the                                    two nonmetallic pull-
        cabinet. When you                                        out blocks. By pulling
        pull the handle to the                                   firmly on the hand-
        OFF position, you shut                                   grips, you can remove
        off the main power                                       the blocks from the
        supply.                                                  cabinet and disconnect
                                                                 all power.
     THE THREE WAYS TO GET POWER TO YOUR NEW WIRING JOB
                                 Important To Your Safety                                                              PICTURE f1
              ALWAYS SHUT OFF POWER TO THE CIRCUIT YOU WILL BE WORKING ON, OR THE
              ENTIRE HOUSE IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH FUSE OR BREAKER CONTROLS THE CIRCUIT
NOTE:
YOU MUST
                 FIRST YOU LOCATE THE CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX THAT
NOT EXCEED
                 CONTRLOLS THE POWER COMING INTO THE HOUSE, SEE
THE NUMBER
                 IF THERE IS ANY ROOM LEFT FOR THE CIRCUIT
OF POLES         BREAKERS YOU NEED. IF THERE IS GET THE MAKE AND            SEE IF THERE IS ROOM HERE
OR SPACES        MODEL OFF OF IT AND GO TO YOUR LOCAL ELECT. PARTS          FOR MORE BREAKERS
FOR WHICH        STORE AND PURCHASE THE BREAKERS YOU NEED. (SEE PICTURE t1)
THE PANEL •
BOARD IS
            2.   SECOND, IF THERE IS NO ROOM LEFT IN CIRCUIT
APPROVED
                 BREAKER BOX, CHECK MAKE AND MODEL AS IN #1
REGARD-
                 ABOVE AND SEE IF THEY HAVE A NARROWER CIRCUIT
LESS OF          BREAKER THAT WILL FIT YOUR PARTICULAR BREAKER
WHETHER          BOX. MOST CIRCUIT BREAKERS ARE 1" THICK BUT THEY
THERE IS         MAKE SOME BREAKERS 1/2" THICK. TAKE OUT ONE THAT
ROOM OR          IS 1" THICK AND INSTALL 2 - 1/2" THICK ONES. (SEE                    IF THIS PANEL IS FULL, TRY AND
                                                                                      GET NARROW BREAKERS.
SPACE IN         PICTURE #2)
THE PANEL ,

ON NUMBER 3. THIRD, IF WAYS #1 AND #2 DO NOT WORK FOR YOU, GO
3 CHECK      TO YOUR LOCAL ELECT. PARTS STORE AND GET A
             SUB-PANEL THAT WILL WORK WITH THE MULTI BREAKER
WITH YOUR
             YOU HAVE - BRAND ETC. GET ONE THAT HAS AS MANY
LOCAL ELEC-  NEW BREAKERS AS YOU NEED FOR YOUR JOB. (SEE PICTURE #3)
TRICAL
INSPECTOR
TO SEE IF IT
                                                                                        REGULAR MULTI BREAKER
IS PERMIT-                                          Important                           WITH SUB-PANEL ADDED.
TED.                                     IF USING #14-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE
                                              A 15 AMP BREAKER TO PROTECT THE LINE.

       THIS SHOWS A BREAKER BEING ATTACHED    IF USING #12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE
       TO THE BREAKER BOX.                    A 20 AMP BREAKER TO PROTECT THE LINE.




                                  All About Circuit Breakers

                                                          ON POSITION




                                                             TRIPPED POSITION




                                                          OFF POSITION

                                                       RESET ACTION


      Single Circuit Breaker             POSITIONS OF THE CIRCUIT
                                             BREAKER HANDLE
                                                                                                    Double Circuit Breaker
                  More and more circuit breakers are being used in place of
                  fuses. A circuit breaker looks something like a toggle switch, with
                  a handle that lets it be used just like a switch to turn power on and off.
                  Inside each breaker is a fairly simple mechanism which in
                  case of overload trips the breaker and disconnects the load. If a breaker trips
                  because of overload, in most brands you must force the handle beyond the OFF
                  position, then return it to ON, to reset it. On some brands however, the handle
                  merely goes to the OFF position; reset it by returning it to the ON position.

                  What is to be done when a breaker trips or a fuse blows?
                  Most people will say: reset the breaker, or install a new fuse. Correct, but first
                  find out why the fuse blew. Fuses are the safety valves of electrical installations.
   WIRING COLOR GUIDE
               WHITE WIRE     nmitral

  T M I I I mill RED WIRE
               RARE WIRE ground wire        How The Ground Wire Works
                                               in Plastic Wall Boxes
                 12-2 WIRE
               (WITH GROUND)

              FROM
                                              WHO* WIRE ATTACHED                                       WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
             POWER                            TO WHITE OR SILVER                                       TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                              TERMINAL SCREW
             SOURCE                                                                                    TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                                             •LACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                                             TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
     PLASTIC
    WALL BOX




GROUND WIRES




                                                                                                            GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                            TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                                                                                            TERMINAL SCREW


                            GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                            TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                            TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                   12-2    WIRE
                                                                 (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                 THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                          EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                          THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT


                              WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                                                 How to Wire Outlets
                                        i BLACK WIRE MOT
                                         ____________ MOT                 WIRING TWO OUTLETS
                                         BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
        FROM
       POWER
       SOURCE                           WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                        TO WHITE OR SILVER                                                                  WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                        TERMINAL SCREW                                                                      TO WHITE OR SILVER
  12-2 WIRE                                                                                                                 TERMINAL SCREW
(WITH GROUND)                                                                            WALL BOX



  GROUND
   WIRES




                                                            BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                            TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                                            BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
        12-2     WIRE                                                                                                       TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
     (WITH GROUND)

        GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
        TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING                          ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
        TERMINAL SCREW                                 EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC
                                                       IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                                                                                       WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                                                                                                             3 WHITE WIRE NEUTRAL
                                                                                                                               BLACK WIRE HOT
                                                  How The Ground Wire Works                                                    RED WIRE    HOT
                                                in Plastic Wall and Ceiling Boxes                                              BARE WIRE QROUNDWIRE


                                                                                                                                   PLASTIC
                                                                    PLASTIC                                                     CEILING BOX
                                                                CEILING BOX

                                      12-2   WIRE
                                 (WITH GROUND)                                                                                            GROUND
                                                                                                                                           WIRE




                            PLASTIC
                          WALL BOX




                                                                                     THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                            POWER                     12-2 WIRE               EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                            SOURCE                  (WITH GROUND)
                                                                              THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT



  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
               WHITE WIRE       NEUTRAL
                                             How To Wire Single Pole Switch
               BLACK WIRE HOT                       With Switch Controlling Two Lights                           GROUND
               RED WIRE    HOT
                                                                                                                  WIRE
               BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
                                                                     GROUND WIRES
                                                                                                                                 CEILING BOX
       WIRE NUT GUIDE
         USE   RED WIRE   NUTS
                                                      CEILING BOX
§
WIRE
         WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
         USED    ON THIS  PAGE
NUT
         INCLUDING GROUND WIRES




        12-2    WIRE
       (WITH   GROUND)      /     f




         WALL BOX




                                                                                       ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                      CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                      BOXES IS THE SAME. EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
            FROM                                                                      THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
           POWER                        12-2 WIRE                                     PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                      (WITH GROUND)                                   HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
           SOURCE
                                                               r
                                               All About Electric Wire

                     CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES ON WIRING
                     SIZES NEEDED FOR YOUR WIRING PROJECT


                              Chart Shows Copper Wire Size, Amps and Watts

                             Wire Size                             Amps                               Watts
                                                               (Also Fuse or                     (Based on 120 Volts)
                             (Actual Size)                 Circuit Breaker size)                    at 80% loaded


                         •           NO. 1 4 wire                                                    1800         watts
                                                                   IJ    amps

                      •               NO. 12 wire                  £\J   amps                         2400 watts


                     •               NO. 1 0 wire                  •30 amps                           3600 watts


                     ^P              NO. 8 wire                    40    amps                         4800 watts


                     ^P              NO. 6 wire                    JU    amps                        6000 watts




                                               The larger the wire gauge
                                               number the smaller the
                                               diameter of the wire.



                                 Chart Shows Color Coding of Wires and Terminal Screws
                                Color of Wire       Color of Terminal             Hot — Neutral
                                                          Screw                 or Grounding Wire
                                     White            Silver or White               Neutral Wire
                                      Black               Brass                       Hot Wire
                                      Red                 Bras^s                      Hot Wire
                                     Green                Green                    Grounding Wire
                                   Bare Wire              Green                    Grounding Wire




                                                                                        B                    black hot wire
                             black- hotw're                                                                   *                          red
                                                                                                                                       hot wire
                                                    around                                                                         >
                                                       wire                                                                        V. ground
                                                                         three-wire cable X                                              wire
two-wire cable      white neutral wire
  with ground                                                               with ground                     white - neutral wire

    In Example "A" above, the numbers and letters stamped                                           In Example "B" above, it
    on the electric wire has the following meaning.
                                                                                                   is exactly like Example A
      The "12" means it is No. 12 wire in size.                                                     except it has three wires
      The "2" means it has two wires.                                                                  instead of the two.
      The "G" means with ground wire.
8     The "N-M" means non-metalic
                           All About Electric Wire
                When doing any electrical wiring, you have to use the
                right size fuses or multi-breakers to protect the electric
                wire against any overloads or short circuits. Also, wire can
                handle only so many watts before it becomes overloaded
                and blows fuses or kicks breakers off. Check below.




      #14-2 WIRE WITH GROUND                                  #12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND
  When working with No. 14 wire,                             When working with No. 12 wire,
  use a 15 amp fuse or a                                     use a 20 amp fuse or a 20 amp
  15 amp breaker to protect it                               breaker to protect it against
  against overloads or short circuits.                       overloads or short circuits.




 15-amp                                                   20-amp fuse



                              Color coding of wire
                           • The black wire is HOT
                           • The white wire is NEUTRAL
                Etch this wiring rule in your memory and keep it there.
                NEVER CONNECT THE BLACK (HOT) WIRE TO THE
                WHITE (NEUTRAL) WIRE. (Exception: see page20)
                   Connect the black wire to the brass-colored terminal on
                switches, receptacles, sockets, fuse boxes, and to the black
                wires on pull chain fixtures. The white (neutral or ground
                wire—also called the "continuous wire") is grounded at the
                electric service switch. Connect it to the silver or light-colored
                terminal of all receptacles, etc., and to the white wire on all
                lighting fixtures. Again—never hook to the hot wire!




                                         Important

ALWAYS SHUT OFF POWER TO THE CIRCUIT YOU WILL BE WORKING ON, OR THE ENTIRE
HOUSE IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH FUSE OR BREAKER CONTROLS THE CIRCUIT.
DOUBLE CHECK WITH A TESTING DEVICE TO BE ABSOLUTELY SURE THE CIRCUIT IS DEAD.
                            How To Use Wirenuts and Screw Terminals
                                                    HOW TO PUT ON WIRENUT
                                                             WIRE NUTS JOIN WIRE ENDS




             Step 1. Strip off about 1                   Step 2. Snip % to J/2 inch                  Step 3. Screw the wirenut
             inch of insulation from                     off the twisted wires so                    on clockwise.
             ends of wires you're                        the ends are even.
             going to join. Twist the
             stripped ends clockwise
             at least one and one-half
             turns.

                                                 HOW TO JOIN WIRE TO SCREW TERMINALS



                terminal aperture
                                                                                  Step 1. Strip % inch of insulation off the wire end.
                        release                                                   Then use a pair of needle nose plyers to form a
                       aperture
                                                                                  half loop in the bare wire.
                               BACKWIRED OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
                             can be loosened from the wires by
                                                                                 Step 2. Hook the wire clockwise
                             pressing a screwdriver point into                   around the screw terminal. As you
                                    the release aperture.                        tighten the screw the loop will close.
                                                                                 Always strip wires so no more
                                                                                 than 1/16 inch of bare wire extends out
    screw
                                                                                 beyond the screw head.
  terminal   strip gauge


                                                                                                         Wrong way               Right way
BACKWIRED OUTLETS AND SWITCHES


                                        HOW TO JOIN SEVERAL WIRES TO SCREW TERMINALS




                                                                                   Pigtail splice

                                    The electrical code requires that only one wire may be attached
                                    to a screw terminal — the above picture shows the only approved
                                    way to do this — it is called a pigtail splice.
               How to Install Wiring in New Walls and Partitions




                                                                                              support
                                                                                               cable
                                                                                               every
                                       cable                                                   5 feet
                                     extends                                                  (1.5m)
                                      6 inches                                                  with               staple for NM cable
                                     (150mm)
                                     from box.                                                 strap
                                                                                                 or                don't staple through
                                                                                              staple               or smash cable




                                                                                                   staple cable 8 inches
                                                                                                   from box-


                                       drill
                                     %-inch.
metal plate protects                holes for
cable                               cable
                                    1'/2 inches
                                    from edge


                                        Strip outer sheath of insulation before inserting
                                        wires into box.




  Step 1. Install box. Secure cables to box so that 6                      Step 2. Strip outer sheath of insulation to back of box;
  inches of each cable extends from box. (150 mm)                          remove sheath and all separation materials. Strip off
                                                                           Vz to 3/4 inch insulation from wire ends.

                                     OUTLETS AND SWITCHES

                   ALL OUTLETS MUST BE OF THE GROUNDED TYPE.
                    Outlets Should Be No More than 12 Ft. Apart.
                    Outlets Should Be 12 " High from Floor.
                    Switches Should Be 48" High from Floor
                    Switches Should Always Be Put on Same Side of Door that the Door Knob Is on.
                    CHECK ON LOCAL CODES FOR MORE INFORMATION NEEDED
                     ON OUTLETS AND SWITCHES FOR YOUR WIRING PROJECT                                                                      11
The Most Common Measurements for Outlets and Switches




                                OUTLETS AND SWITCHES
                  ALL OUTLETS MUST BE OF THE GROUNDED TYPE.
                   Outlets Should Be No More than 12 Ft. Apart.
                   Outlets Should Be 12 " High from Floor.
                   Switches Should Be 48" High from Floor.
                   Switches Should Always Be Put on Same Side of Door that the Door Knob Is on.
                                  All About The Ground Wire

USE THE GREEN OR BARE WIRE AS THE GROUND WIRE IN ELECTRICAL WIRING. USE THE GREEN-COLORED
TERMINAL SCREW AS THE GROUNDING SCREW IN ANY ELECTRICAL WORK.

IF YOU ARE USING ELECTRICAL WIRETHATHASNOGROUND WIRE IN IT, USE AGROUND WIRETHESAMESIZE.
FOR EXAMPLE, IF YOU ARE USING NUMBER 12 WIRE USE A NUMBER 12 GROUND WIRE.

USE 10/32" STOVE BOLTS OR MACHINE SCREWS TO ATTACH THE GROUND WIRE TO THE BACK OF WALL
BOXES, SWITCH BOXES, CEILING BOXES, AND JUNCTION BOXES.

THE GROUND WIRE NOT ONLY PROTECTS YOU FROM GETTING SHOCKED, BUT PROTECTS THE ELECTRICAL
ITEMS IN YOUR HOUSE FROM GETTING DAMAGED FROM LIGHTNING.




                                                Checking an Outlets Ground


       TEST THE GROUNDING OF A NEWLY
       INSTALLED OUTLET BY INSERTING
       ONE PROBE OF THE VOLTAGE TESTER
       INTO TH€ SEMICIRCULAR GROUND
       SLOT AND THE OTHER INTO EACH OF
       THE ELONGATED SLOTS SUCCES-
       SIVELY. THE TESTER SHOULD LIGHT
       WHEN THE PROBE IS PLUGGED INTO
       THE HOT SLOT. (IN A MODERN OUTLET
       THIS SLOT IS SLIGHTLY SHORTER
       THAN THE OTHER SLOT.) IF NEITHER
       SLOT LIGHTS THE TESTER, THE
       OUTLET IS NOT GROUNDED AND THE
       WIRING MUST BE CORRECTED.




                  Underwriter's k n o t . .




                        To (.rolect cord f r o m stroin,           . then pull down lightly
                        lu^l loo() c o r r f s us shown .        nto r e c e s s between prongs
                 How to Wire Electric Dryers




  white-
                                                                       Recessed Dryer Recepticle
neutral
 wire



                                                 120/240-volt, 30-ampere, grounded. Designed
                                                 especially for clothes driers, this large recep-
                                                 tacle supplies 240 volts for the heating coils of
                                                 the drier and 120 volts for such standard acces-
                                                 sories as the timer and the pilot light.




                    white
 ground wire '     neutral                                           Surface Dryer Recepticle




                             USE WIRE SIZE 10-3 WITH GROUND FOR ELECTRIC DRYERS.




                                    Dryer Cord
  14
How to Wire Electric Range




                                        Recessed Range Recepticle



                      120/240-volt, 50-ampere, grounded. An electric
                      range requires the high amperage and the com-
                      bination of voltages provided by this receptacle.
                      High-temperature settings of the oven and burn-
                      ers are connected to the 240-volt circuit.
                      The low temperature settings, timer, pilot lights
                      and built-in receptacles operate on 120 volts.




                                      Surface Range Recepticle




       USE WIRE SIZE 6-3 WITH GROUND FOR ELECTRIC RANGES.




         Range Cord
                                                                          r
                       Watts Used by Different Electrical Items
               Approximate Ratings                                                         Approximate Ratings


Air conditioner (central) . . . . . . . . . . . . 5000                    Power tools
                 (room, 1/3 ton) . . . . . . . . . . . 800                                Drill, 1/4 i n c h . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
                 (room, 3/4 ton) . . . . . . . . . . 1300                                 3/8 inch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
                 (room, 1 ton) . . . . . . . . . . . . 1600                               1/2 inch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Blender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-1000                            Grinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Bottle warmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400                             L a t h e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Broiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1500                      Lawn Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Can opener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150                            Sander, portable .......... 750
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2                   Saw, bander . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Coffee m a k e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500-1000                             bench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300-600
Corn popper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500                            jig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Dishwasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000-1500                                radial arm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1500
Dryer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4000-8000                           s a b r e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Electric blanket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200                            Soldering iron . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Fan (attic) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400       Projector (slide or movie) . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
             (exhaust for range) . . . . . . . . . . 250                  Radio, console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
             (portable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100                           p o r t a b l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Floor p o l i s h e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350   Range, oven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4000-8000
Food warmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500                            top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4000-8000
Freezer, frostless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350-500                Refrigerator, frostless . . . . . . . . . . . . 300-450
            s t a n d a r d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-400                      s t a n d a r d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-350
Fryer, deep fat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1400            R o a s t e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1350
Frying pan, automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1100                    R o t i s s e r i e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1400
Furnace, coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400         Sewing machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
                g a s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150   Shaver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 750     Stereo, h i - f i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Garbage disposer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400-900                    Sump pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Grill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000    Television, black and white . . . . . . . . . . 250
Hair D r y e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260                   c o l o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Heater (hot water) . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000-5000                      T o a s t e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000
                (room) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1250           Vacuum cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300-800
Hot plate (per b u r n e r ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 750            Waffle iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 900
Iron (hand) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1050          Washing machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600
                (mangle) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1600
Knife sharpner
Knife s h a r p n e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Lamp (heat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
                (sun) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Lights (flourescent circlines)........ 22-32
                (flourescent tubes) . . . . . . 15-60
                (incandescent, per bulb)10 & up
                                                                                                                             Table Lamp
                (night l i g h t ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7              Automatic Toaster
                                                                                                                              100 watts
Microwave oven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600                              1100 watts

Mixer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
               How to Find the Cause of a Short Circuit
         Most short circuits occur in flexible
         cords, plugs, or appliances. Look for
         black smudge marks on faceplates or                    If you find no visible signs of trouble, though, you'll
         frayed or charred cords connected to                   have to trace your way through circuit. To do this,
         dead circuit. Simply replace damaged                   turn off all wall switches and unplug every
         cord or plug before installing new                     appliance on dead circuit. Then install new fuse or
         fuse or resetting breaker.                             reset tripped breaker.



                   \                                                                                    I
            If fuse blows right away, pull out fuse or make sure             If new fuse doesn't blow or breaker
            circuit breaker is OFF. Remove each faceplate and                doesn't trip right away, turn on each wall
            inspect device and wiring. Look for charred wire                 switch, one by one, until fuse blows or
            insulation, wire shorted against back of metal box,              circuit breaker trips.
            or device literally falling apart. Replace defective
            switch or receptacle or faulty wiring. Then
            install new fuse or reset breaker.




            When turning on wall switch causes fuse to blow                  If turning on wall switches doesn't blow
            or breaker to trip, short is in fixture outlet                   fuse or trip breaker, trouble is in
            controlled by switch or in ON position of switch.                appliance. Plug in and turn on appliances
            With circuit dead, inspect outlet and switch for                 one by one. When fuse blows or breaker
            charred wire insulation and faulty connections.                  trips again, you'll know you've found
            Replace faulty fixture or switch. Then install                   offending appliance. Then install new fuse
            new fuse or reset breaker.                                       or reset breaker.




            If circuit went dead as soon as you turned                       If circuit went dead as soon as you
            appliance on, appliance or its switch is                         plugged appliance in, plug or cord is
            probably defective and should be replaced                        probably at fault and should be replaced.
            or repaired.




         Note: If none of the above solves the problem and your fuse or breaker
         still blows or trips, your wiring is at fault. Call an electrician.




                                                Important

ALWAYS SHUT OFF POWER TO THE CIRCUIT YOU WILL BE WORKING ON, OR THE ENTIRE
HOUSE IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WHICH FUSE OR BREAKER CONTROLS THE CIRCUIT.
DOUBLE CHECK WITH A TESTING DEVICE TO BE ABSOLUTELY SURE THE CIRCUIT IS DEAD.


                                Color of Wire   Color of Screw        Hot - Neutral
                                                                   or Grounding Wire
                                    White        Silver or White      Neutral Wire
                                    Black             Brass            Hot Wire
                                     Red              Brass             Hot Wire
                                    Green           Green            Grounding Wire
                                                   Electrical        Grounding Wire
                                  Bare Wire       Box Ground
            How to Fix Fluorescent Light Fixtures

SYMPTOM                       CAUSE                                                       CURE
Lamp won't light               Tube burned out (blackened ends) . . . .                   Replace tube
                               Improper installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      Take out and install again
                               Fuse blown or circuit breaker . . . . . . . . .            Replace or reset
                                tripped
                               Starter burned out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   Replace starter
                               Dirty tube (rapid-start only) . . . . . . . . . .          Remove tube, wash, rinse, dry,
                                                                                           and replace
                               Tubeholder broken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace tubeholder
                               Fixture too cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raise temperature to at least 50°F
                               Oxide film buildup on tube pins . . . . . . Rotate tube in tubeholders once
_______       ___                                                                          or twice

Lamp flickers                 Poor contact with tubeholders . . . . . . . . Realign tubeholders; straighten
(Note: New tubes may                                                                       and sand tubeholders if necessary
flicker a short time          Improper installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Take out and install again
after installation.)           Tube nearly worn out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace tube
                               (blackened ends)
                              Oxide buildup on tube pins . . . . . . . . . . Rotate tube in tubeholders once
                                                                                           or twice
                              Fixture, too cold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Raise temperature to at least 50°F


Ends of tube are              Tube almost worn out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace tube
discolored
(Note: Darkened
bands about 2 inches
from ends are normal.)
   If preheat type             Defective starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace starter
     with new tubes
   Discolored on              Temperamental tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remove tube; turn end for end
     one end only


Ends of tube glow, but        Defective starter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace starter
center doesn't                Defective ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace ballast


Lamp fixture hums             Ballast incorrectly installed . . . . . . . . . . Check wiring on ballast diagram
                                                                                           and correct
                              Wrong type of ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Check wattage and type; replace
                                                                                           ballast
                              Defective ballast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replace ballast


                           120 V POWER SOURCE                                       BALLAST




                                                                                                                 LAMP SOCKET

                                       STARTER

                                                                                            WIRE NUT




             COVER PLATE
                                                   o
                  How To Wire into Boxes, Fixtures and Switches
                                                                           TWO-WIRE CABLE                from
                                                                            WITH GROUND-*            POWER SOURCE

              TWO-WIRE CABLE
                                        from
               WITH GROUND              POWER
                                       SOURCE


                                                                     to switch
         to existing
         Circuit


                                                                WHITE WIRE WITH
                                                               BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                                                TAPE ON END TO
                                                                SHOW IT IS BEING
                                                                USED AS A BLACK
                                                                  (HOT) WIRE.



                                                                           to new wiring


                                       to new
                                       wiring




          HOW TO WIRE INTO A JUNCTION BOX
                                                               HOW TO WIRE INTO A FIXTURE

  Most switches in a home are of the single-pole
or three-way types. Single-pole switches have two
terminals of the same color and a definite right side   TWO-WIRE CABLE                from
up. All switches are wired into hot wires only; with      WITH GROUND              POWER SOURCE
a single-pole switch, it makes no difference which
hot wire goes to which terminal.

                                                                                               wirenut



                                                                                             grounding
                                                                                              wire




                                                                                                                    J
           Color Coding of Wires, Screw Terminals, Etc.
         Chart Shows Color Coding of Wires and Terminal Screws
                          For Switches, Outlets, Light Fixtures
 Color of Wire                 Color of Terminal                            Hot - Neutral
                                     Screw                               or Grounding Wire
       White                       Silver or White                            Neutral Wire
       Black                            Brass                                   Hot Wire
        Red                             Brass                                   Hot Wire
      Green                             Green                                Grounding Wire
     Bare Wire                        Electrical                             Grounding Wire
                                    Box Ground
                       COLOR CODING OF WIRE — WITH ONE EXCEPTION

Up to this point we have assumed that a white wire is always a neutral wire. Wires that are black and
red are always hot. But one situation offers an exception to this color coding.

The one exception to the rule is if the power source first goes thru the light fixture and then to the
switch, you have to use a white wire as a hot black wire.

When using a white wire this special way, paint the wire insulation black (or tape it with black tape) at
both ends where it joins a hot terminal or another hot wire. This identifies it as a hot wire. A example of
this is shown in the picture below.


                             The Picture below is called a Switch Loop.



                                                                 CEILING BOX

                                                                                                 GROUND WIRES
                                WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
          12-2 WIRE
                                 TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING
        (WITH GROUND)              USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.




                                                                                                          12-2   WIRE
                                                                                                        (WITH GROUND)




                                                      WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
                      GROUND                           TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING
                       WIRE                              USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                      Electrical Symbols and a Wiring Layout



               CEILING OUTLET                        F)    CEILING FAN                       PUSH BUHON
                                                    *~*S

                                                    *~*\
               WALL OUTLET                           FJ    WALL FAN                          DOORBELL
                                                    «-^

                                                    *—<v
        L >    CEILING LIGHTING OUTLET               O
                                                    **~s   CEILING JUNCTION BOX       -f~7   DOOR BUZZER

                                                    *N
               DUPLEX CONVENIENCE OUTLET             J )   WALL JUNCTION BOX          -PH    RADIO OUTLET
                                                    **^




                                                      .
               SWITCH - CONVENIENCE OUTLET           Sh    CEILING PULL SWITCH        -TV    TELEVISION


                WEATHERPROOF OUTLET                        CLOCK OUTLET                      SINGLE POLE" SWITCH
          WP
                ELECTRIC RANGE                             THERMOSTAT                        DOUBLE-POLE SWITCH


                ELECTRIC DRYER                             GENERATOR                         THREE-WAY SWITCH



                230-VOLT POLARIZED OUTLET                  ELECTRIC MOTOR                    FOUR-WAY SWITCH


                SPECIAL PURPOSE OUTLET                     NIGHT LIGHT                       WEATHERPROOF SWITCH




                                           All About Switches




     A Single Pole Switch                       A Three Way Switch                   A Four Way Switch
A single-pole switch controls               Three-way switches, used in pairs to     A four-way switch works with
a light or receptacle from one              control a light or receptacle from two   three- way switches to control
location. It has two brass-colored          locations, have three terminals; one
                                                                                     a light or receptacle from three
   terminals and "on" and "off"             black or copper-colored and two brass
                                                                                     or more locations. It has four
      markings on the handle.               or silver-colored. There are no "on"
                                             and "off" markings.                     brass-colored terminals and
                                                                                     no "on" and "off" markings.

                   • Switches Should Be 48" High from Floor.
                   • Switches Should Always Be Put on Same Side of Door that the Door Knob Is on.                  21
                How to Add New Outlets to Existing Ones




     THE PICTURE ABOVE SHOWS HOW TO ADD A NEW OUTLET TO AN EXISTING ONE BY RUNNING THE WIRE BEHIND THE
     BASEBOARD. USE 12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE GROUNDED OUTLETS, BE SURE YOU DONT OVERLOAD THE CIRCUIT,
     COVER WIRE WITH A METAL PLATE OR USE METAL CABLE TO PROTECT WIRE. CHECK WITH LOCAL CODE TO SEE IF THIS
     WIRING ARRANGEMENT IS PERMITTED IN YOUR AREA.


 Step 1. Remove molding around door frame and as
 much baseboard as necessary on either side of door.
 Step 2. Run cable between jamb and frame, notching
 spacers wherever necessary.




     THE PICTURE ABOVE SHOWS HOWTOADDANEWOUTLETTO AN EXISTINGONEBYRUNNINGTHE WIRE BEHINDTHEDOOR
     CASING. USE 12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE GROUNDED OUTLETS, BE SURE YOU DONTOVERLOAD THE CIRCUIT, COVER
     WIRE WITH A METAL PLATE OR USE METAL CABLE TO PROTECT WIRE. CHECK WITH LOCAL CODE TO SEE IF THIS WIRING
     ARRANGEMENT IS PERMITTED IN YOUR AREA.



                  How To Wire Doorbells and Buzzers




             chime




                                                               120 volte




22
                How to Add New Outlets to Existing Ones




                                                                                          1 1 This picture shows an existing
                                                                                          1 1 outlet that is being used
                                                                                           | as the power source for the new
                                                                                           | outlet that is being
                                                                                          11 installed in the wall
                                                                                          11 on other side of room
     fish wire (or fish lope)                                                             1 1 with the wire going
                                                                                          11 thru ceiling joist.

                                                                                          i!

               Existing Outlet



                                                                                               j New Outlet


       USE 12-2 WIRE WITH GROUND, USE GROUNDED OUTLETS, BE SURE YOU DON'T OVERLOAD THE CIRCUIT. CHECK WITH
       LOCAL CODE TO SEE IF THIS WIRING ARRANGEMENT IS PERMITTED IN YOUR AREA.




                How To Wire Doorbells and Buzzers


      BACK                         BELL-BUZZER              BACK             BUZZER            BELL




                                                       SOURCE




 TRANSFORMER                                  FRONT     TRANSFORMER                                   FRONT


Wiring for a front doorbell and a back-door buzzer.   Wiring for a combination bell-buzzer unit.
                                       All About Outlets
                                                               These wires going to top part of
A 6/32 threaded screw holds the                                outlet make both the top and bottom
outlets to the wall box.                                       parts of the outlet live. Wire
                                                               may go in from top or
                                                               bottom of outlet to do this.




                                                                          Wires coming out of outlet are
                                                                          now live and can be used
                                                                          to go to next outlets to
                                                                          make them live.
                  grounding wire on
                      green terminal

                    Outlets, also called receptacles, have three different colors of screw terminals.
                    The brass-colored screws are hot terminals and here use the
                    black wire. The white or silver-colored screws are neutral terminals,
                    and here use the white wire. The green screw is the grounding
                    terminal, and here use the bare wire for the grounding wire.




                                                Wiring Layout
              How to Wire Outlets                                                                  How to Wire Outlets
                                                                                                         WIRING TWO OUTLETS
                    WIRING ONE OUTLET                                            00o       o

                                        WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                                      WHITE WIRE   MB/THAI
                                                                                  oo                                                   WIRING COLOR GUIDE

                                                                                                                                                BLACK WIRE MOT
                                                      BLACK WIRE HOT                                                                  mi i mm RED WIRE
                                                      RED WIRE                                                                                  BARE WIRE onouND
                                                                                       WHITE WIRt ATTACHED
                                                      BARE WIRE OKOUNOWIRE             TO WHITE OR SILVER           '•LACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                       TERMINAL SCREW
       FROM                                                                                                           TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW

      POWER
      SOURCEv
                           WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
   12-2    WIRE            TO WHITE OR SILVER
 (WITH GROUND)             TERMINAL SCREW
                                                 •LACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                 TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW

 * WALL BOX




                                                                               OROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                           OUTLET              TO OREEN HEX OMOUNDMM
                                                                                                             RED                         12-2   WIRE
                                                                               TERMINAL SCREW                WIRE                     (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                             NUT

GROUND Wlftf ATTACHED
TO OREEN HEX OROUNDINO
TERMINAL SCREW                                                                              PICTURE ABOVE SHOWS HOW TO PUT TWO
                                                                                            OUTLETS IN A DOUBLE BOX


                  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                         3 WHITE WIRE       NEUTRAL
                                                            How to Wire Outlets
                          BLACK WIRE HOT                            WIRING TWO OUTLETS
                          RED WIRE
                          BARE WIRE GROUNDW,RE



            12-2   WIRE
          (WITH GROUND)          WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                 TO WHITE OR SILVER                                                                 WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
           FROM                  TERMINAL SCREW                                                                     TO WHITE OR SILVER
          POWER                                                                                                     TERMINAL SCREW
          SOURCE
                                                                                 WALL BOX
    GROUND
     WIRES




                                                                                           GROUND
                                                                                            WIRES
                                                      BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                      TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW


              GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                              BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
              TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                                                 12-2 WIRE                                    TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
              TERMINAL SCREW
                                                               (WITH GROUND)


                         * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                          EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC
                          IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                                                                                          WIRE NUT GUIDE
                        WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                    WHITE WIRE

                       111 T 1 1 1 1 i-m RED WIRE
                                                    HBITIIM.
                                        BLACK WIRE HOT
                                                               How to Wire Outlets                                 A
                                                                                                                  WIRE
                                                                                                                  NUT
                                                                                                                           USE   RED   WIRE

                                                                                                                           USED ON THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                                            NUTS
                                                                                                                           WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE

                                                                                                                           INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                        BARE WIRE CHOUNDWIRE
                                                                 WIRING THREE OUTLETS
    FROM
                           12-2        WIRE
   POWER               {WITH GROUND)
   SOURCE                                                                                                                             12-2      WIRE

          \                   WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                              TO WHITE OR SILVER
                              TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                           /BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                             TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                                                  (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                                      GROUND
                                                                                                       WIRES
                                                                                                                             GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                                             TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                                                                                                             TERMINAL SCREW
                            BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                            TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW

                                                                                 ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND
                12-2   WIRE
                                                                                METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND
               (WITH GROUND)                                                    WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE
                                                                                6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                                                                                                                      WIRING COLOR GUIDE

                                                               How to Wire Outlets                                              WHITE WIRE
                                                                                                                                BLACK WIRE HOT
                                                                                                                                RED WIRE
                                                                                                                                              MSUTHAL




                                                                WIRING    FOUR OUTLETS                                          BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE


                                                                                                                          WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                           USE  RED  WIRE NUTS

 12-2   WIRE             FROM                                            12-2    WIRE                              ft
                                                                                                                   WIRE
                                                                                                                           WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                           USED  ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                      (WITH GROUND)                                NUT     INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
(WITH GROUND)           POWER
                        SOURCE

                           WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                           TO WHITE OR SILVER
                           TERMINAL SCREW                         TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW

                                             GROUND
                                              WIRES




        WALL           BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
         BOX           TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                  GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                  TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                                                  TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                                  /
                                12-2      WIRE                                                           12-2 WIRE
                             (WITH GROUND)                                                             (WITH GROUND)



                                          * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW METAL BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                           EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC
                                           IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                                                                                                                                                        J
                                           How to wire a split-circuit outlet
    WIRING COLOR GUIDE
              WHITE WIRE                    THE SWITCH CONTROLS THE TOP HALF OF THE OUTLET                                      WIRE NUT GUIDE
              BLACK WIRE MOT                THE BOTTOM HALF OF OUTLET IS ALWAYS HOT                                             USE   RED  WIRE NUTS
              RED WIRE
              BARE WIRE GROUND
                                                                                                                      §
                                                                                                                     red wire
                                                                                                                                WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                                INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
                                                                                        WHITE WIRE ATTACHED             nut
                                            12-3   WIRE                                 TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                           (WITH GROUND)                                TERMINAL SCREW

                                                                                                                RED WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                               TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW

                                                                                                                                   \
          WALL BOX




                                                            RED WIRE
                                                             ATTACHED
                                                             TO BRASS
                                                          TERMINAL SCREW
           FROM
          POWER
                                                                                      * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
          SOURCE                    12-2     WIRE                                     BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                 (WITH GROUND)                                        EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                                      THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND7 FOR
                                                                                      MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




    WIRING COLOR GUIDE
             WHITE WIRE
                                    How to wire split-circuit outlets
             BLACK WIRE HOT
             RED WIRE
                                    THE SWITCH CONTROLS THE TOP HALF OF THE OUTLET S
             BARE WIRE GKOUNDWIHE   THE BOTTOM HALF OF OUTLETS IS ALWAYS HOT.


 12-3    WIRE ^
(WITH GROUND)                                                                 RED     WIRE     ATTACHED
                                                                             TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW




         FROM
        POWER /                                                                                                                     12-3 WIRE
        SOURCE              * 12-2     WIRE                                                                                       (WITH GROUND)
                           (WITH GROUND)                  USE A3 X 2X3
                                                          WALL BOX HERE

                                                                           ' THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE
                                                                           SAME. EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE, THE GROUND
                                                                           WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT
                                                                           CONNECTS TO THE METAL TAB PROVIDED INSIDE THE
                                                                           BOX. SEE PAGE 647 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND
                                                                           WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                          THE PICTURE BELOW SHOWS HOW THE POWER SUPPLY FROM THE BREAKER BOX
                          GOES TO TWO DIFFERENT JUNCTION BOXES, AND GOES IN TWO DIFFERENT                                           WIRE NUT GUIDE
                          DIRECTIONS.                                                                                               USE RED WIRE NUTS
                                                                                                                                    WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                    USED ON THIS PAGE
WIRING COLOR GUIDE                                                                                                           ***•   INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                                                                                                             NUT
      WHITE WIRE
      BLACK WIRE   tar
      RED WIRE     tor
      BARE WIRE ground.
                                                                         * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                          CEILING BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                         BOXES IS THE SAME. EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                                                                         THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                         PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                                                                                             O
                                                                         HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                                                                                                                                                             <D
                                                             12-2   WIRE
                                                           (WITH GROUND)                                                                                     O

                                                                                                                                                             CD
                                                                                                                                                             m
                                                           WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                                           TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                                           TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                                                                             V
                                                                                                                                                             O
                                              GROUND
                                                                                                                                                             £.
                                               WIRES                                                                                                         0)
                                                                                                                                                             <
                                                                                                                                                             CO

                                 GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                 TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                 TERMINAL SCREW




                                                                                                                                                             O
                                                            BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                            TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW




                                     JUNCTION                                                          •JUNCTION
                                                                        GROUND WIRES
                                       BOX                                                                BOX
                           PUT COVERS ON JUNCTION BOXES.                                        PUT COVERS ON JUNCTION BOXES
               ALL ABOUT GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS (GFCI)


                  GROUND FAULT PROTECTION IS A MUST WHEREVER ELECTRICITY IS USED NEAR WATER
                                                                A GFCI Installed as the first receptacle in a circuit provides
                                                                protection to other receptacles beyond




                    Circuit Breaker
                      Type GFCI

                                          CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX                                      12-2    WIRE
                                                                                                (WITH GROUND)




          1.     THE GFCI'S TURN OFF POWER IN 1/40 OF A SECOND TO PROTECT PEOPLE FROM SHOCK HAZARDS.

          2.     THE ELECTRICAL CODE REQUIRES GFCI PROTECTION IN AND AROUND THE HOME.CHECK WITH ELECTRI-
                 CAL INSPECTORS FOR MORE ON THIS.

          3.     THE MOST USED GFCI'S ARE THE CIRCUIT BREAKER AND THE OUTLET TYPE.




    WIRING COLOR GUIDE                   HOW TO CHANGE A SINGLE POLE SWITCH TO
               3 WHITE WIRE
                 BLACK WIRE HOT
                                                A SWITC ^ AND OUTLET
                 RED WIRE    HOT                                                                   *CEILING BOX
                 BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
                                                                                            12-2    WIRE
                                                                                          (WITH GROUND)
                 12-2   WIRE
                (WITH GROUND)

                         \x                                                                          WHITE WIRES ATTACHED
                                                                                                     TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                                                              WALL BOX               TERMINAL SCREW



         WALL BOX




MED WWE NUT




   WHITE WIMEf

                                                                                                                                 v

                                                                                    FROM
                                                                                   POWER            \                            O
                                                                                                      12-2    WIRE
                                                                                   SOURCE
                     FROM .                                                                         (WITH GROUND)
                    POWER I
                                ^12-2    WIRE
                  SOURCE!        (WITH GROUND)                                After                           BLACK WIRE ATTACHED

  Before                                                                                                      TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW



                                                                                                    COMBINES A SINGLE-POLE SWITCH
                                                                                                   WITH AN OUTLET THAT IS ALWAYS HOT
                              How To Wire Three-Way Switches
                                     With Switches Controlling One Light                                                     WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                                  USE   RED   WERE  NUTS

                                                                                                                      fl
                                                                                                                      wmc
                                                                                                                                  WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                  USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                      NUT         INCLUDING GROUND WIRES




                                                                                                            HUE WIRE WITH ENDS PAINTED
  12-3 WIRE -
                                                                                                           BLACK TO SHOW IT IS BEING
(WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                           USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE




                                              COMMON
                                             TERMINAL
                                               SCREW
                                         (Black or Copper
                                               Colored)
     FROM
    POWER            12-2 WIRE
                   (WITH GROUND)                           * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL                           COMMON
   SOURCE
                                                            CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL                            TERMINAL
                                                            BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.                              SCREW
                                                            THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN                        (Black or Copper
                                                            PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                                                                       Colored)
                                                            HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES




                              How to Wire Three-Way Switches                                                                       WIRE NUT GUIDE

                                            With Switches Controlling Two Lights                                                    USE   RED   WIRE   NUTS


                              WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END            12-3   WIRE
                                                                                                                            fl
                                                                                                                            mm
                                                                                                                                    WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                    USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                            NUT     INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                              TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.


                                                                                                                               WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
                                                                                                                             ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
                                                                                                                             SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                                                                                                                 BLACK (HOT) WIRE.

                                                                                                                                                THREE-WAY
                                                                                                                                                 SWITCH




 FROM                                                              ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                  COMMON                                                                                           COMMON
POWER XI                                                          CEILING BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                 TERMINAL                         BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.                  TERMINAL
SOURCE          12-2   WIRE        SCREW                          THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN                   SCREW
            (WITH GROUND)     (Slack or Copper                    PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON         (Black or Copptr
                                   Colored)                       HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.                   Colored)
     WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                WHITE WIRE
                BLACK WIRE HOT
                RED WIRE
                BARE WIRE GXOUNDWIRE             How to Wire Three-Way Switches
         WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                             With Switches Controlling Three Lights
          USE RED WIRE NUTS

    A     WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
          USED    ON  THIS PAGE
          INCLUDING GROUND WIRES            WHTTE WIRE WITH                                        12-3   WIRE
                                           BLACK ELECTRICAL                                     (WITH GROUND)
                                                                    CEILING BOX
                                         TAPE ON END TO SHOW                                                                        * CEILING BOX
                                         IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                           BLACK (HOT) WIRE.




                                                                                                                                                        WHITE WIRE WITH
                    12-3 WIRE                                                                                                                          BLACK ELECTRICAL
                  (WITH GROUND)                                                                                                                      TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                                                                                                                                                     ITIS BBNG USED AS A
                                                                                                                                                       BLACK (HOT) WIRE.



                                                                                                                                                        THREE-WAY
                                                                                                                                                          SWITCH




                                                        COMMON
                                                       TERMINAL
                                                         SCREW
         FROM f                                    (Black or Copper                                                                                      COMMON
        POWER                                           Colored)                  ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING               TERMINAL
        SOURCE                                                                   BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,                SCREW
                              12-2     WIRE                                      EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO            (Black or Copper
                           (WITH GROUND)                                         THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR           Colored)
                                                                                 MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
            WHITE WIRE MEUTIIAI
            BLACK WIRE MOT
                                               How to Wire Three-Way Switches
            RED WIRE                                      With Switches Controlling Four Lights
            BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
                                               WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                              TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
                                                                                                   12-3   WIRE
     WIRE NUT GUIDE                                  AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                     (WITH GROUND)
         USE RED WIRE NUTS
         WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
         USED    ON THIS PAGE
red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
   nut

                                                                                                                                                        WHITE WIRE WITH
                12-3   WIRE                                                                                                                           BLACK ELECTRICAL
             (WITH GROUND)                                                                                                                           TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                                                                                                                                                     IT IS BBNG USED AS A
                                                                                                                                                       BLACK (HOT) WIRE.

     WALL
      BOX




                                                                                                                   12-2 WIRE
                                                                                                                 (WITH GROUND)
                                              COMMON
                                              TERMINAL
    FROM f                                     SCREW                                 12-2   WIRE
                                                                                 (WITH GROUND)                             THREE-WAY SWITCH                 COMMON
   POWER                                 (Black or Copper                                                                                                  TERMINAL
   SOURCE                                     Colored)                                                                                                       SCREW
                                                                                                                                                       (Black or Copper
                                                                         ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                       12-2    WIRE                                     BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                                                                                                            Colored)
                    (WITH GROUND)                                       EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                        THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                        MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.                                         31
       WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                                       How To Wire Three-Way Switches
                   WHITE WIRE MEUTHAL
                   BLACK WIRE MOT
                                                                 With Switches Controlling One Light
                   RED WIRE
                   BARE WIREG«OUNDWIHE                                             FROM
                                                                                  POWER                                                              WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                  SOURCE            12-2     WIRE
                                                                                                 (WITH GROUND)                                        USE   RED   WIRE    NUTS

                                                                                                                                              §
                                                                                                                                              WIMi
                                                                                                                                                      WHERE WIRE NUTS A R E
                                                                                                                                                      USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                                              HUT
                                                                                                                                                      INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                                       CEILING BOX


                                              12-3     WIRE
                                          (WITH GROUND)                                                                        12-3 WIRE
                                                        X                                                                    (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                                                                            COMMON
                                                                                                                                                            TERMINAL
                                                                                                                                                             SCREW
                                                                                                                                                       (Black or Copper
                                              THREE-WAY
                                                                                                                                                            Colored)\
                                                  SWITCH
            WALL BOX




                                                                 \    COMMON
                                                                      TERMINAL
                                                                       SCREW                             WHITE WIRE WITH
                                                                 (Black or Copper                       BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                                                                                       TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                                                                       Colored)                        ITIS BBNG USED AS A
                                                                                                         BLACK (HOT) WIRE.



                                                                       K
                                                                        ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                       CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
            WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK                                      BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
       ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO                                       THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
       SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A ,                                    PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                       HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.                  WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
           BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                                                    TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.



                                                      How to Wire Three-Way Switches                                                                        WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                     With Switches Controlling Two Lights                                                    USE RED WIRE NUTS
                                                                                                                                                             WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
    WIRING COLOR GUIDE                             FROM                    12-2    WIRE                               12-3   WIRE                             USED   ON    THIS   PAGE
                                                                                                                    (WITH GROUND)                    red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
                                                  POWER               (WITH GROUND)                                                                     nut
                                                  SOURCE

        WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL      _
       TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
              AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE

                12-3    WIRE
                                                                                                                                                        WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
              (WITH GROUND)                                                                                                                           ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
                                                                                                                                                      SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                                                                                                                                            BLACK (HOT) WIRE.



                        THREE-WAY                                                                                                                                         THREE-WAY
                          SWITCH                                                                                                                                           SWITCH




                                                                                  12-2   WIRE
                                                     COMMON                    (WITH GROUND)
                                                     TERMINAL
                                                      SCREW
                                                   (Black or Coppi
                                                      Colored)               * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                              BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,                        COMMON
                                                                              EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                                                                                                              TERMINAL
|32|         WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END                     THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                                                                                                                SCREW
1
        '     TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                                                                                                                            (Black or Copper
                                                                                                                                                                 Colored)
 WIRING COLOR GUIDE
             WHITE WIRE         nwtral
           BLACK WIRE ha
IlllHIIIin RED WIRE     hot
           BARE WIRE ground win
                                                        How To Wire Three-Way Switches
                                                                      With Switches Controlling Three Lights
     WIRE NUT GUIDE
      USE   RED   WIRE  NUTS

fl    WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
      USED    ON  THIS PAGE                                                                         12-3    WIRE
      INCLUDING GROUND WIRES                                        12-2   WIRE                   (WITH GROUND)
                                                               (WITH GROUND)

               WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
             ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
             SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
                 BLACK (HOT) WIRE.

               12-3    WIRE
            (WITH GROUND)                                                                                                                    WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
                                                                                                                                           ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
                                                                                                                                           SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                                                                                                                               BLACK (HOT) WIRE.




                                                   TERMINAL
                                                    SCREW
                                                 (Black or Copper
                                                      Colored)
                                                                                                                                                     COMMON
                                                                                      * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL              TERMINAL
                                           WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK                       CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL                  SCREW
                  THREE-WAY              ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO                     BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.             (Black or Copper
                   SWITCH                SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A                    THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN                 Colored)
                                             BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                         PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                       HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




WIRING COLOR GUIDE
         WHITE WIRE   t»ulr»l
                                            How to Wire Three-Way Switches
        BLACK WIRE     ha                              With Switches Controlling Four Lights
       ' BARE WIRE ground HW»                                                                    12-3      WIRE
                                          FROM          12-2   WIRE
                                                                                               (WITH GROUND)
                                         POWER        (WITH GROUND)
                                         SOURCE                                                             \

 WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL-
TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
                                                                                                                                             WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
       AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                                                           ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
                                                                                                                                           SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                                                                                                                               BLACK (HOT) WIRE.




        WALL BOX                                                                                                                                 COMMON
                                                                                                                                                 TERMINAL
               THREE W A Y
                                                                                                                                                  SCREW
                 SWITCH                                                           * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL           (Black or Copper
                                                                                   CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL                  Colored)
                   WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END
                                                                                   BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                   TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                   THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                                   PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                   HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                                                                                                      WIRE NUT GUIDE

 WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                                   How to Wire Three-Way Switches                                                          USE   RED    WIRE   NUTS

L;         1 WMITFWJRF      neutral                          With Switches Controlling One Light                                fl
                                                                                                                               red wire
                                                                                                                                           WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                           USED  ON THIS  PAGE
            BLACK WIRE      hot                                                                                                            INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
                                                                                                                                  nut
jinn nun RED WIRE      hot
         BARE WIRE ground wire




                                                                                   WALL BOX       12-2 WIRE
                                                                                                (WITH GROUND)
                                                                      COMMON
                                            12-2 WIRE
                                                                     TERMINAL
                                          (WITH GROUND)
                                                                       SCREW
                FROM
                                                                  (Black or Copper
               POWER-
                                                                            Colored)
               SOURCE




                                                                                                                                             COMMON
                                                                                                                                            TERMINAL
                                                                                                                                             SCREW
                                                                                                                                          (Black or Copper
                                                                                                                                               Colored)



            WALL BOX
                                                                THREE-WAY SWITCH
                                            12-3    WIRE ^                                            ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                      \   (WITH    GROUND)                                           CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                                     BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                                                                                                     THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                                                     PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                                     HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                                                    How To Wire Three-Way Switches
                                                             With Switches Controlling Two Lights
                                                                                                                      12-2     WIRE
                                                                                              CEILING BOX
 WIRING COLOR GUIDE                                                                                                 (WITH GROUND)
           WHITE WIRE                                            12-2       WIRE                    \
           BLACK WIRE MOT                                       (WITH GROUND)
           RED WIRE
           BARE WIRE


       WIRE NUT GUIDE
        USE   RED   WIRE NUTS

fl
WIRE
        WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
        USED    ON  THIS PAGE
 NUT
        INCLUDING GROUND WIRES           COMMON
                                        TERMINAL
                                          SCREW
                       — 12-2 WIRE   (Black or Copper
                       (WITH GROUND)      Colored)




                                                                                                                COMMON
                                                                                                               TERMINAL
                                                                                                                SCREW
                                                                                                            (Black or Copper
                                                                                                                Colored)
                                                                                               THREE-WAY
                                                                                                SWITCH



                                                    THREE-WAY                                       * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                      SWITCH                                        CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                                    BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                                                                  J     I     12-3 WIRE             THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                                                    PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                            (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                    HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
          WHITE WIRE
          BLACK WIRE hot
                                                                                                                               13 H'S"8"5'
 lllMHICT RED WIRE     hot
          BARE WIRE ypux/*OT»
                                          How To Wire Three-Way Switches
                                                   With Switches Controlling Three Lights
     WIRE NUT GUIDE
       USE     RED    WIRE      NUTS
       WHERE     WIRE    NUTS   ARE
      USED    ON THIS PAGE                                                CEILING BOX
      INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES

                                                    12-2 WIRE
                                                  (WITH GROUND)
                        12-2    WIRE
                     (WITH GROUND)

                                         COMMON
                                        TERMINAL
                                          SCREW
     FROM
    POWER                             (Black or Copper
                                          Colored)
    SOURCE
             X
                                                                          I       7 1       12-2    WIRE                 12-2 WIRE
                                                                          1
                                                                              /         \ (WITH    GROUND)             (WITH GROUND)



                                                                                   COMMON
                                                                                   TERMINAL
                                                                                    SCREW
                                                                              (Black or Copper
                                                                                    Colored)


                                                                         THREE-WAY SWITCH


                                                                                    * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                                     BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                    12-3 WIRE               THREE-WAY SWITCH                         EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                                     THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                  (WITH GROUND)                                                      MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




WIRING COLOR GUIDE                          How to Wire Three-Way Switches
      WHITE WIRE                                    With Switches Controlling Four Lights
      BLACK WIRE       hat
mnmim RED WIRE:        hot                                                                                                 12-2   WIRE
          BARE WIRE groundwir*                                                                                           'WITH GROUND)
                                                                GROUND
                                                12-2     WIRE   WIRES        12-2 WIRE               12-2 WIRE
                                              (WITH GROUND)                (WITH GROUND)           (WITH GROUND)
   WIRE NUT GUIDE                                                                                                                        CEILING BOX



4    USE RED WIRE NUTS
     WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
     USED    ON THIS PAGE
     INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES




       FROM
      POWER""*
     SOURCE




                                                                         COMMON
                                                                         TERMINAL
                                                                          SCREW
                                                                    (Black or Copper
                                                                         Colored)             ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                                             BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                                             EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                                             THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                                             MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.



        12-3     WIRE                                           THREE-WAY SWITCH
      (WITH GROUND)                THREE-WAY SWITCH
                                                                                                                                     WIRE NUT GUIDE



                       How To Wire Three-Way Switches                                                                         a
                                                                                                                              WIRE
                                                                                                                              NUT
                                                                                                                                       USE    RED WIRE NUTS
                                                                                                                                       WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                       USED    ON THIS  PAGE
                                                                                                                                       INCLUDING GROUND WIRES

                                                                                                                      GROUND
                               With Switches Controlling One Light                                                     WIRES
WIRING COLOR GUIDE                                                                                                                    CEILING BOX
                                  COMMON                 WHITE WIRE WITH
      WHITE WIRE
                                 TERMINAL               BLACK ELECTRICAL                                                         /
      BLACK WIRE MOT                                    TAPE ON END TO
      RED WIRE
                                   SCREW                                                                                                    FROM
                                                        SHOW IT IS BEING
      BARE WIRE "BOUND WIRE
                               (Black or Copper                                                                                            POWER
                                    Colored)                                                                                               SOURCE
         THREE-WAY SWITCH                                                                                                                  /

                                                                                                                                            \
                                                                                                                                       12-2 WIRE
                                                                                                                                     (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                                                                       WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK
                                                                                                                                     ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO
                                                                                                                                     SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                                                                                                                        BUCK (HOT) WIRE




                                                                                                    COMMON
                                                                                                   TERMINAL
                                                                                                     SCREW
                                                                                                (Black or Copper
                                                                                                     Colored)


                                                                                              > ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                              CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                               BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                                       WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE                  THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
            12-3 WIRE                   ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A                  PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
          (WITH GROUND)                          BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                            HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.



                                          How to Wire Three-Way Switches                                                                   WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                         With Switches Controlling Two Lights                                                  USE    MED   WIRE     NUTS

                                                                                                                                      A
                                                                                                                                     •Ml
                                                                                                                                               WHERE
                                                                                                                                               USED
                                                                                                                                                       WIRE
                                                                                                                                                       ON
                                                                                                                                                              NUTS
                                                                                                                                                            THIS
                                                                                                                                                                      ARE
                                                                                                                                                                   PAGE
                                                                                                                                      mn       INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
       WHITE WIRE                                                            CEILING BOX                                              GROUND
       BLACK WIRE HOT                                                                                                                  WIRES
       RED WIRE     HOT                                                              \
       BARE WIRE 0*01*0                                                                                                                                PROM
                                                     12-2 WIRE
                                                   (WITH GROUND)                                                                                      POWER
                                                                                                                                                      SOURCE
                                    WHITE WIRE WITH
                                   BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                  TAPE ON END TO SHOW
           THREE-WAY              ITIS BBNG USED AS A
                                   BLACK (HOT) WIRE.             WHITE WIRE WITH
             SWITCH                                            BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                                             TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                                   COMMON                     ITIS BEING USED AS A
                                                                BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                  TERMINAL
                                    SCREW
                               (Black or Copper
                                   Colored)                                                          12-3 WIRE
                                                                                                   (WITH GROUND)

                                                                                                                                               12-2    WIRE
                                                                                                                                           rWITH      GROUND)


                                                                                         COMMON
                                                                                        TERMINAL
                                                                                          SCREW
                                                                                     (Black or Copper
                                                                                          Colored)



                                                                                             * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                              CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                              BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                              WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE                           THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
       12-3 WIRE                                                                              PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                               ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
     (WITH GROUND)                                                                            HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                        BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
            WHITE WIRE
            BLACK WIRE HOT

        1
            RED WIRE    HOT
            BARE WIRE G«C.VJ w ne          How To Wire Three-Way Switches
                                                         With Switches Controlling Three Lights
    WIRE NUT GUIDE


A     USE MED WINE NUTS
      WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
      USED    ON  THIS PAGE
      INCLUDING GROUND WINES
                                                                                                                                                      GROUND
                                          WHTE WIRE WITH                  CEILING                                                                      WIRES
                                         BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                        TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                                         IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                                                                                                                                              FROM
                                          BLACK (HOT) WIRE.        12-2 WIRE                                                                                 POWER
                                                                 (WITH GROUND)                                                                               SOURCE
                 THREE-WAY              COMMON
                  SWITCH               TERMINAL
                                         SCREW
                                    (Black or Copper
                                        Colored)




                                                                                                                                                         12-2    WIRE
                                                                                                        12-3    WIRE                                   (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                      (WITH GROUND)


                                                                                                                                12-3 WIRE
                                                                                                                              (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                               COMMON
                                                                                              TERMINAL
                                                                                                SCREW
                                                                                            (Black or Copper
                                                                                                Colored)
                                                                      THREE-WAY
                                                                        SWITCH
                                                                                                                  * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                                                   CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                                                   BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                         12-3   WIRE                                      WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                                                         TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED      THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                     (WITH GROUND)                                                                                 PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                                   HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES




WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                        How to Wire Three-Way Switches
            WHITE WIRE
            BLACK WIRE    HOT
                                                      With Switches Controlling Four Lights
            RED WIRE
            BARE WIRE oaojNo

    WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                    WHITE WIRE WITH       * CEILING BOX
     USE   RED   WIRE NUTS                         BLACK ELECTRICAL
     WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE                         TAPE ON END TO SHOW
     USED    ON  THIS PAGE                       IT IS BEING USED AS A
     INCLUDING GROUND WIRES                        BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                                                                         POWER
                                COMMON                                                                                                                   SOURCE
                               TERMINAL
                                 SCREW
                           (Black or Copper
     12-2    WIRE               Colored)
    (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                                                                        ^"\       /12-2    WIRE
                                                                                     12-3    WIRE                                             T   T (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                    (WITH GROUND)



                                                                                                                                        rt^   ^^m^^
                                                                                                         12-3 WIRE            12-3 WIRE
                                                                                     COMMON            (WITH GROUND)        (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                    TERMINAL
                                                                                      SCREW
                                                                                 (Black or Copper
                                                                                                                * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                      Colored)                   CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                                                 BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                                                                                                                 THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                                THREE-WAY SWITCH                 PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                                                 HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.


                                                  WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
                      12-3 WIRE                  TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
                    (WITH GROUND)                         AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                                          WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                           USE     RED     WIRE    NUTS
  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
          WHITE WIRE
                                         How to Wire Single Pole Switch                                                    WHERE
                                                                                                                           USED
                                                                                                                                     WIRE
                                                                                                                                     ON
                                                                                                                                            NUTS
                                                                                                                                           THIS
                                                                                                                                                    ARE
                                                                                                                                                   PAGE
                                                                                                                   WIRE    INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
          BLACK WIRE HOT
          RED WIRE
                                                   With Switch Controlling One Light                               Nt/T

          BARE WIRE o«oj'o»-'«




                           12-2   WIRE                                                                                           CEILING BOX
                        (WITH GROUND)




            WALL BOX
                                                                                                                           WHITE WIRE




RED WIRE NUT




      WHITE WIRES




                                                                                         ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                        CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                        BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                          FROM                                         BLACK WIRE       THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                         POWER                                                          PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                         — 12-2    WIRE
                         SOURCE                                                         HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                         (WITH GROUND)


                                    How To Wire Single Pole Switch                                                              WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                          With Switch Controlling Two Lights                                                     USE   RED  WIRE NUTS
                                                                                                                          §
                                                                                                                          wwi
                                                                                                                                 WHE RE WIRE NUTS A R E
                                                                                                                                 USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                          HUT
                                                                                                                                 INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
  WIRING COLOR GUIDE                                          GROUND WIRES
           WHITE WIRE                                                                       12-2   WIRE
                                                                                         (WITH GROUND)                                    * CEILING BOX




   12-2 WIRE
 (WITH GROUND)
              X              GROUND
                              WIRES




                                                  SINGLE-POLE    SWITCH



                                                   * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
        FROM                                        BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES,
38|    POWER                 12-2 WIRE             IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
      SOURCE               (WITH GROUND)
         WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                         WHITE WIRE
                         BLACK WIRE MOT
                         RED WIRE
                         BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE
                                                        How to Wire Single Pole Switch
              WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                               With Switch Controlling Three Lights
               USE   RED   WIRE NUTS

       fl
       WIDE
               WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
               USED    ON  THIS PAGE
               INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                                                       GROUND
                                                                                                                     GROUND
        NUT                                                             WIRES
                                                                                                                      WIRES




              12-2   WIRE
         (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                              12-2   WIRE                      12-2   WIRE
                                                                                            (WITH GROUND)                   (WITH GROUND)




                  FROM                                                               ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
                                                                                    WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                 POWER
                                         -    12-2     WIRE                         THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
                 SOURCE                                                             PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES
                                             (WITH GROUND)




   WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                WHITE WIRE NEUTRAL           How To Wire Single Pole Switch
                BLACK WIRE HOT
                                                        With Switch Controlling Four Lights
                BARE WIRE G«OUNDWIRE

       WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                      CEILING   BOXES                                           CEILING BOXES
         USE   RED   WIRE NUTS
         WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE                         GROUND   WIRES        /    \    GROUND    WIRES               GROUND     WIRES     /\   G
                                                                                                                                             "°UND     WIRE
         USED    ON  THIS PAGE
WIRE     INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
 NUT



                         12-3   WIRE
                     (WITH GROUND)

                           \
          WALL BOX

                     \




                                                                                    * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                                     BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                                     EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                     12-2      WIRE
                                                                                     THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                  (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                     MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                                                                                                WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                                 USE RED WIRE NUTS

                                                                                                                           ft    WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
         WHITE WIRE
                                           How to Wire Single Pole Switch                                                        USED ON THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                          red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
                                                                                                                             nut
         BLACK WIRE    ha
 iniumin RED WIRE      hot                              With Switch Controlling One Light

                                                                         CEILING BOX

                                                                                                        GROUND WIRES

                                WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE
                                 ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A
     12-2 WIRE
                                          BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
   (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                                                   12-2 WIRE
                                                                                                                 (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                                W
                                                                                                 ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                                 CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
                                                               WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK             IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
                                                             ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO           GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLAS-
                                                            -SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A          TIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
                      GROUND                                                                     THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                                 BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                       WIRE


                                      How To Wire Single Pole Switch                                                      WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                            USE   RED   WIRE NUTS
                                                 With Switch Controlling Two Lights
                                                                                                                   §
                                                                                                                   WIRE
                                                                                                                            WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                            USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                   NUT
                                                                                                                            INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
WIRING COLOR GUIDE
        WHITE WIRE    n»uval                                                    12-3 WIRE
        BLACK WIRE    hoi                                                     (WITH GROUND)
        RED WIRE                       CEILING BOX
        BARE WIRE




  12-2 WIRE
(WITH GROUND)




                WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL'                                                                                 12-2 WIRE
               TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED                                                                             (WITH GROUND)
                      AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.




                                                SINGLE-POLE     SWITCH
                                                                                          * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                        WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK              BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                      ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END TO            EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATT ACHES TO
                                                      SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A          THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                                          MORE ON HOW 1 HE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                          BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
         WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                   WHITE WIRE,
                   BLACK WIRE HOT
        PHI i Him RED WIRE
                   BARE WIRE GBOUNDWIRE
                                               How To Wire Single Pole Switch                                                            WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                                         USE  RED  WIRE NUTS
                                                        With Switch Controlling Three Lights                                      §      WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                         USED  ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                                  WIKE
                                                                                                                                  NUT    INCLUDING GROUND WIRES




                                                                                                                                  GROUND WIRES




                         12-2    WIRE                                                                                                              FROM
                     (WITH GROUND)                                                                                                                POWER
                                                                                                                                                  SOURCE
                                  \
                            WHITE WIRE WITH
                           BLACK ELECTRICAL
                         TAPEOMEMOT08HOW
                          ITISBBHGUSEDASA                                                                                                       12-2    WIRE
                          BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                                                                                                   (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                     WIRE             12-3    WIRE
                                                                         (WITH GROUND)            (WITH GROUND)




                                                        SINGLE-POLE      SWITCH
                                                                                                        ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                      WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL                CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
                                                     TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED             IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
                                                             AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                   GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLAS-
                                                                                                      TIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
                                                                                                      THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




        WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                 WHITE WIRE      NEI/TRAL     How to Wire Single Pole Switch
                 BLACK WIRE      HOT

                 RED WIRE                              With Switch Controlling Four Lights
                 BARE WIRE GBOUNOW^E

                                                                           12-3      WIRE      12-3    WIRE                12-3    WIRE
       WIRE NUT GUIDE                                                   (WITH GROUND)       (WITH GROUN'J)               (WITH GROUND)
       USE   RED   WIRE NUTS
fl     WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
       USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                                             GROUND
                                                                                                                                              WIRES
WIRE
 NUT   INCLUDING GROUND WIRES         CEILING BOX


                  12-2     WIRE                                                                                                                          FROM
                (WITH    GROUND)                                                                                                                        POWER
                                                                                                                                                        SOURCE




                     TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                     ITISBBNGUSEDASA
         WALL          BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
         BOX




                                                                                                                                                 12-2   WIRE
                                                                                                                                              (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                             ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                            CEILING BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
                                               WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL             IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE THE
                                              TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED          GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLAS-
                                                     AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.                 TIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
                                                                                            THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
   WIRING COLOR GUIDE                    One Power Source Supplying Two
              WHITE WIRE
         BLACK WIRE hot
                               neutral
                                         Single Pole Switches With Lights
  minium RED WIRE
                                                     12-2     WIRE
         BARE WIRE gmund win                        (WITH GROUND)


        WIRE NUT GUIDE
           USE   RED WIRE   NUTS

 fl.       WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
           USED    ON THIS PAGE
| red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
  nut                                               12-2     WIRE                                                GROUND WIRE
                                               (WITH GROUND)




           DOUBLE WALL BOX




                                                                                     ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AN D METAL CEILING
                                                                                    BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                                    EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                                    THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                                    MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.

            12-2       WIRE
          (WITH GROUND)

                       FROM
                      POWER
                      SOURCE



                                            SINGLE-POLE
                                               SWITCHES



                                         One Power Source Supplying Three
                                          Single Pole Switches With Lights
                                                      12-2    WIRE                           * CEILING BOX
    WIRING COLOR GUIDE                              (WITH GROUND)

            BLACK WIRE    ha

            BARE WIRE yroundwin
                                                                               GROUND WIRE




                                             12-2    WIRE
                                            (WITH GROUND)


                                                                                                                      WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                                                                                                       USE   RED   WIRE   NUTS

        TRIPLE WALL BOX                                                                                          fl    WHERE WIRE NUTS A R E
                                                                                                                       USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                       INCLUDING GROUND WIRES




                                                                                     * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
                                                                                     I CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                                                       BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                                                                                       THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                                       PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                       HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.


                   FROM
                  POWER
                  SOURCE                                             SINGLE-POLE
                                                                       SWITCHES
             12-2 WIRE
           (WITH GROUND)                                                                        D       D D
        WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                   WHITE WIRE
                   BLACK WIRE
                   RED WIRE
                   BARE WIRE (WOUND WIRE
                                           One Power Source Supplying Two
            WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                           Single Pole Switches with Lights
             USE   RED     WIRE    NUTS
             WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE                                           12-2 WIRE                     FROM
             USED    ON  THIS PAGE                                       (WITH GROUND)                  POWER
     WIRE    INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
     NUT                                                                                               'SOURCE
                                                                                                                    GROUND
                                                                                                                     WIRES


                                             12-3 WIRE
                                           (WITH GROUND)




                                                                                                      12-2 WIRE
                                                                                                    (WITH GROUND)


                                                                                   ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                                  BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                                  EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                                                                  THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                                                                                  MORE ON HOW 1 HE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




     WIRING COLOR GUIDE
               WHITE WIRE

               BLACK WIRE HOT
                             NEUTRAL
                                                                                                                                          (V)
               RED WIRE     HOT
                                                                                                                    WIRE NUT GUIDE
               BARE WIRE G«OUND WIRE
                                                                                                                      USE   RED   WIRE  NUTS
                                                                                                                      WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                      USED    ON  THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                      INCLUDING GROUND WIRES

                    12-3    WIRE                                                 12-2   WIRE
                   (WITH GROUND)                                               (WITH GROUND)
                            \




                       FROM
                                           * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
  12-2 WIRE           POWER
                                           WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
(WITH GROUND)         SOURCE               THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
                                           PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                                                  All About Four-Way Switches
' ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
 CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
 BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN
                                                                                             GROUND
 PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON
                                                                                              WIRES
                                                                                                                                            WIRE NUT GUIDE
 HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.                         'CEILING BOX                                                           USE RED WIRE NUTS

                                                         12-2     WIRE
                                                                                                                12-2    WIRE
                                                                                                             (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                                                      A
                                                                                                                                      • l
                                                                                                                                       M
                                                                                                                                            WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                                                                                                                            USED ON THIS PAGE
                                                                                                                                            INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                                      (WITH .GROUND)                                                                  MVT




                                     WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                    TAPE ON END TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED
                                           AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                                                                      COMMON
                                                                                                                                                     TERMINAL
                                                                                                                                                       SCREW
                                                                                                                                                 (Black or Coppar
                                                                                                                                                     Colored)

                                                               COMMON
                                                              TERMINAL
                                                                SCREW
                                                           (Black or Copper
                                                                Colorad)
  WHITE WIRE WITH
 BLACK ELECTRICAL
TAPE ON END TO SHOW !
IT IS BEING USED AS A
  BLACK (HOT) WIRE.




      12-3     WIRE -
   (WITH GROUND)
                                                                                                  WHITE WIRE WITH
                                                                                                 BLACK ELECTRICAL
                                                                                                TAPE ON END TO SHOW
                                WHITE WIRE WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE ON END                    IT IS BEING USED AS A
                                TO SHOW IT IS BEING USED AS A BLACK (HOT) WIRE.
                                                                                                  BLACK (HOT) WIRE.



       WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                                 How to wire a switch controlled outlet                                                          BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                                                                 TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW



                                                                                                                               WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                                  12-2       WIRE              TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                                                                               (WITH GROUND)                   TERMINAL SCREW




                                                                                              GROUND
                                                                                               WIRES




                                                                                    SINGLE-POLE

                                                                                       SWITCH



                                                                                                                                GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
                                                GROUND                                                                          TO GREEN HEX GROUNDING
                                                 WIRE                                                                           TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                   12-2         WIRE      '
                                                                                                (WITH GROUND)                   FROM
                                                                                                                               POWER
                             WIRE NUT GUIDE                                                                                    SOURCE
                              USE     RED     WIRE      NUTS
                                 WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE                                 ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
                                 USED ON THIS PAGE                                  WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
                        red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
                           nut                                                      THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
                                                                                    PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                       How to Wire Outlet and Light with Pull Chain
               WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                             WHITE WIRE NEUTRAL
                             BLACK WIRE HOT                                                                                                12-2     WIRE
                             RED WIRE    HOT                                     CEILING BOX                                            (WITH GROUND)
                             BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE      12-2     WIRE
                                                      (WITH GROUND)
        WIRE NUT GUIDE
         USE   RED   WIRE   NUTS
         WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
         USED    ON  THIS PAGE
 MNE     INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
  NUT


                                                                                                                                                \
                                                                                                                                              FROM
                                                                                                                                             POWER
                                                                                                                                             SOURCE




                                                     * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL
                                                      BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES,
                                                      IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                             How To Wire Outlet and Light With Pull Chain
            WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                       3 WHITE WIRE                                             CEILING BOX
                         BLACK WIRE HOT
                         RED WIRE                              12-2     WIRE
                         BARE WIRE GROUND WIRE              (WITH GROUND)




                     WALL
                     BOX



GROUND WIRES




                FROM    j
               POWER  /                                                 ON THISPAGE WE SHOWUSING METAL WALL ANDMETAL CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING
               SOURCE                    12-2 WIRE                     IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
                                                                       GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE
                                       (WITH GROUND)                   6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
 WIRING COLOR GUIDE
        WHITE WIRE



                                                                                                                                    D O
        BLACK WIRE hot
        RED WIRE    hoi
        BARE WIRE gmund win    How To Wire Outlet-Switch and Light                                                                             o

   WIRE NUT GUIDE                                                                                                                     O
    USE  RED WIRE NUTS
    WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
    USED  ON THIS  PAGE                       12-2     WIRE                    CEILING BOX
    INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                           (WITH GROUND)



DOUBLE WALL BOX
                                                                     BLACK WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                     TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW




                                                                                                                              NOTE - THE
                                                                                                                              WIRES ON THIS
                                                                                                                              PAGE      ARE
                                                                                                                              SHOWN EXTRA
                                                                                                                              LONG TO SHOW
                                                                                                                              HOW THEY CON-
                                                                                           .BLACK WIRE ATTACHED               NECT TO SWITCH
                                                                                            TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREW
                                                                                                                              AND OUTLET, -
                                                                                                                              THEY NEED TO
                                                                                                                              BE ONLY 6"
     12-2    WIRE                                                                                                             LONG.
                               \                                                           GROUND WIRE ATTACHED
   (WITH GROUND)                                                                          'TO OREEN HEX GROUNDING
                               FROM                                                        TERMINAL SCREW
                              POWER
                              SOURCE                                                   " ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                                       BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                                                                       EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                       WHITE WIRE ATTACHED
                                                                                       THE METAL BOXES. IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR
                       TO WHITE OR SILVER
                                                                                       MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                       TERMINAL SCREW



                              How To Wire Outlet-Switch and Light
                                                                                                                                 D O       o

  WIRING COLOR GUIDE
                                          WIRE NUT GUIDE
                                          USE RED WIRE NUTS                                                    GROUND
                                                                                                                                   O
            WHITE WIRE *****
            BLACK WIRE HOT
                                    A     WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
                                          USED ON THIS PAGE
                                           INCLUDING GROUND WIRES
                                                                                CEILING BOX
                                                                                                                WIRES
                                    NUT
            RED WIRE                                                                                                       12-2 WIRE
            BARE WIRE O*OUND WIRE                                                                                        (WITH GROUND)
                                                      12-3    WIRE
                                                   (WITH GROUND)



                                                             BLACK WIRES ATTACHED
                                                             TO BRASS TERMINAL SCREWS                                         FROM
DOUBLE WALL BOX
                                                                                                                             POWER
                                                                                                                             SOURCE

  GROUND                                                                                                                NOTE - THE
   WIRES                                                                                                               WIRES ON THIS
                                                                                                                       PAGE      ARE
                                                                                                                       SHOWN EXTRA
                                                                                                                       LONG TO SHOW
                                                                                                                       HOW THEY CON-
                                                                                                                       NECT TO SWITCH
                                                                                                                       AND OUTLET, -
                                                                                                                       THEY NEED TO
                                                                                                                       BE ONLY 6"
                                                                                                                       LONG.




                                                                              ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING BOXES. THE
            WHITE WIRE ATTACHED                                             WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE.
            TO WHITE OR SILVER                                              THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE
            TERMINAL SCREW                                                  PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
How to Wire a Single Pole Switch, Light, and Outlet
          WIRE NUT GUIDE
             USE   RED  WIRE  NUTS
                                                                     GROUND WIRES
             WHERE WIRE NUTS ARE
             USED    ON THIS PAGE
    red wire INCLUDING GROUNDWIRES
       nut                                                                               12-2       WIRE
                                                                                      (WITH GROUND)
 12-3     WIRE
(WITH GROUND)




*WALL BOX




                                         SINGLE-POLE
                                           SWITCH
  FROM                                        ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL
 POWER                                       CEILING BOXES. THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES
 SOURCE                                      IS THE SAME, EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE
                                             GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO THE METAL BOXES, IN PLAS-
                         12-2 WIRE           TIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR MORE ON HOW
                       (WITH GROUND)         THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.




                          How To Wire Outlet-Switch and Light
     WIRE NUT GUIDE                                          WIRING COLOR GUIDE
      USE RED WIRE NUTS ON
      ALL WIRING   DIAGRAMS                                                                                                    12-2     WIRE
         ON THIS PAGE INCLUDING
red wire GROUND WIRES                                                                                                       (WITH GROUND)
   nut




        WALL
        BOX

                                                                                                                                       FROM
                                                                                                                                      POWER
                                                                                                                                      SOURCE




                                         SINGLE-POLE
                                            SWITCH



                                                                     * ON THIS PAGE WE SHOW USING METAL WALL AND METAL CEILING
                                                                      BOXES THE WIRING IN PLASTIC AND METAL BOXES IS THE SAME,
                                    12-2 WIRE'*'                      EXCEPT FOR THE GROUND WIRE. THE GROUND WIRE ATTACHES TO
                                  (WITH GROUND)                       THE METAL BOXES, IN PLASTIC IT DOES NOT, SEE PAGE 6 AND 7 FOR       47
                                                                      MORE ON HOW THE GROUND WIRE WORKS IN PLASTIC BOXES.
                        Explanation of Standard Electrical Terms

      Receptacle         or Outlet           ...... ^M<..... A type of outlet to which electric cords can
                                                    \V      conveniently be plugged in.
      Fuse                                  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A safety device which breaks the flow of
                                                                          electricity whenever a circuit becomes
                                                                          overloaded.
      Circuit-Breaker                        . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performs the same functions as a fuse in the
                                                                          "Circuit-Breaker" types of service panel.
      Electric Service Panel                . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e main panel (or fuse cabinet) through
                                                                              which electricity is brought into the building
                                                                              and then distributed to various branch cir-
                                                                              cuits. Contains the main disconnect switch
                                                                              for the entire wiring system, as well as fuses
                                                                              or circuit-breakers.
      Conductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common trade term for electric wires.
      Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e connection of the electrical system to
                                                                           the earth, a precaution necessary to prevent
                                                                           damage from lightning and minimize danger
                                                                           from shocks.
      "Hot" Wires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T h e power-carrying wires (usually black or
                                                                           red) as distinguished from the "neutral"
                                                                          wires (usually white).
      Switch box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of protective box in which switch ter-
                                                                           minals are connected to the wires.
      Fish wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Narrow, springy metal type bent into a hook
                                                                              at one or both ends. Used to pull wire
                                                                              through walls, floors and ceilings in existing
                                                                              homes.
      Fixture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Any mounted electrical device such as a
                                                                                switch, outlet, ceiling light, etc.
      L i n e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cable comprising or supplying a circuit.
      Thin-wall conduit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A l s o called E.M.T. which stands for Electrical
                                                                       Metal Tubing.
      Color-Coding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identification of wires by color throughout
                                                                    the system to help assure that "hot" wires
                                                                    will be connected only to "hot" wires and
                                                                    that "neutral" wires run in a continuous un-
                                                                     interrupted connection back to the ground
                                                                    terminal.

      Short circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . An improper connection between "hot"
                                                                            "hot" wires or between a "hot" wire and
                                                                            a "neutral".
    Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Two or more wires through which electricity
•—.                                                                           flows out from the source of supply to one or
 1
12               -                                                            more outlets, and then back.
                                       ' aBOOKS FROM
                               OTHER FINE
                         STEP BY STEP GUIDE BOOK CO.




 OUR HOME PLUMBING BOOK
IS 8 1/2" X 11" AND CONTAINS
             56 PAGES.




                                 STEP BY STEP                  NO. 4
                                 GUIDE BOOK ON

                                SPRINKLING SYSTEMS
                                                          OVER 300
                                                        HOW-TO-DO-IT
                                                         PICTURES



   OUR SPRINKLER BOOK
IS 8 1/2" X 11" AND CONTAINS
           38 PAGES.




                                SIMPLIFIED, COMPLETE INSTALLATION MANUAL




                                                                             II
                                                                                  26644 II 10000 1111 5

                                                                           ISBN -O-9619201-0-6

								
To top