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Health vs. Skill Related Components of Fitness Health Related Physical Fitness • is the ability of your body systems to work together efficiently to allow you to be healthy and effectively perform activities of your everyday life. Cardiovascular Endurance • the ability to exercise your entire body for an expended period of time • CV system- Heart and blood vessels. • Examples of activities: Running a mile, full game of soccer, long distance swimming. • Health Benefits: helps lower blood pressure, lower body fat, reduce risk of heart disease and stroke. Muscular Strength • the amount of force your muscles can produce • Examples of activities: 1 Rep Max Squat or Bench, sumo wrestler, lifting a heavy object. • Health Benefits: helps with everyday task, improve body composition, reduce injury risk, and improve posture, strengthens bones. Muscular Endurance • ability to use your muscles many times without tiring • Examples of activities: Wall sit, bent arm hang, core stability, marathon runner, long bike rides, lifting a light object many times. • Health Benefits: Very similar to muscular strength. Increase metabolism Flexibility • of your body to move your joints through a full range of motion • Examples of activities: Gymnastics, stretching, ballerina, yoga. • Health Benefits: Decrease chance of injury, better posture, fewer back problems, function more efficiently. Body Composition/Fatness Body Composition- The percent of the body made up of fat, muscle, bones, body organs, and other body tissues. (What your body is make up of) Body Fatness- The percent of the body made up of fat. • Examples of ways to test body composition: Calipers, Hydrostatic weighing, Bioelectrical Impedance, BMI, DEXA) • Health Benefits: lower risk of heart disease, type II diabetes, better self-esteem, less body fatigue. BODY FAT PERCENTAGE CHART Quic kTime™ and a decompres sor ar e need ed to s ee this picture. Skill Related Physical Fitness • different sports require different skill settings and most sports require several parts. Agility the ability to change the position of your body quickly and to control your body movements Examples of activities: Running back, badminton, tennis, basketball, cone drills. Balance • the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving • Examples of activities: Gymnastics, skateboarding, biking, figure skating. Power • the ability to use strength quickly, it will use both speed and strength • Examples of activities: Football lineman, power lifting, jumping, discus thrower. Speed • the ability to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of time • Examples of activities: Track sprinter, swimming 50 meters, football receiver. Reaction Time • the amount of time it takes to move once you realize you need to act • Examples of activities: Tennis, ping pong, badminton, goalie. Coordination • the ability to use your senses together with your body part or to use two or more body parts together • Examples of activities: Basketball, hitting a baseball/golf ball, dancing.
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