EEB – Annual Report On the Activities of 2005

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					                      EEB – Annual Report

                 On the Activities of 2005




Editor responsible:

John Hontelez
European Environmental Bureau
Boulevard de Waterloo 34
1000 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: 32 2 289 10 90
Fax: 32 2 289 10 99
e-mail: eeb@eeb.org
web-site: www.eeb.org




The EEB gratefully acknowledges financial assistance received during 2005 from
the European Commission, the following governments: Austria, Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, The Netherlands,
Norway, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom, and from the Sigrid
Rausing Trust.



Printed on recycled chlorine-free paper
                                       EEB - Activities Report 2005




TABLE OF CONTENTS




INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................3
  1. EFFECTIVE ENVIRONMENT LEGISLATION ...............................................3
  1.A. CHEMICALS...................................................................................................3
  1.B. GMOS........................................................................................................10
  1.C. INDUSTRY AND PRODUCT POLICIES ................................................................12
    1.c.1. IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control.......................12
    1.c.2. Standardisation................................................................................13
    1.d. Water.....................................................................................................18
  1.E. AIR POLLUTION ...........................................................................................23
  1.F. NOISE .........................................................................................................29
  1.G. WASTE POLICIES .........................................................................................30
    1.g.1. Waste Management Policies............................................................32
    1.g.2. Specific Waste Stream policies .......................................................33
    1.g.3. Implementation of existing Waste Directives.................................37
  1.H. MERCURY ...................................................................................................38
2. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY INTEGRATION.................................................48
  2.A. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ......................................................................48
  2.B. ARTICLE 6 WATCH ......................................................................................57
  2.C. FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVES 2007-2013 ..........................................................61
  2.D. AGRICULTURE .............................................................................................65
  2.E CLIMATE CHANGE ........................................................................................70
3. DEVELOPING NEW POLICIES .....................................................................72
  3.A. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY REVIEW.................................................................72
  3.B. ENVIRONMENTAL FISCAL REFORM ................................................................72
  3.C. THEMATIC STRATEGIES................................................................................75
    3.c.1. Thematic Strategy on Urban Environment .....................................75
  3.C.2. THEMATIC STRATEGY ON SOIL PROTECTION...............................................77
    3.c.3. Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution .................................................78
    3.c.4. Thematic Strategy on Waste Recycling and Prevention ...............82
    3.c.5. Thematic Strategy on Resource Efficiency ....................................84
    3.c.6. Thematic Strategy on Pesticides .....................................................86
4. EFFECTIVE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION .........................................................88
  4.A. ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE IN THE EU ....................................................88
  4.B. WORKING WITH THE PRESIDENCIES ..............................................................91
  4.C. ENLARGEMENT ............................................................................................95
  4.D. THE AARHUS CONVENTION FOR THE WIDER EUROPE AND GLOBALLY ..............97
  4.E. EUROPEAN ECOFORUM ..............................................................................100
5. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN MEMBER STATES...101

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                                      EEB - Activities Report 2005

  5.A. IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF EXISTING LEGISLATION ..................101
  5.B. NATURA 2000 AND BIODIVERSITY ............................................................104
6. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION .............................................................110
  6.A. OECD......................................................................................................110
  6.B. EU-MEDITERRANEAN PARTNERSHIP ...........................................................112
  6.C. TRANSATLANTIC ENVIRONMENTAL DIALOGUE .............................................114
7. EEB ORGANISATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.................................................115
  7.A. CAPACITY BUILDING ..................................................................................115
  7.B. EEB’S ANNUAL CONFERENCE ...................................................................119
  7.C. INFORMATION CLEARING HOUSE ................................................................120
  7.D. REPRESENTATION OF EEB VIEWS ..............................................................120
  7.E. ROLE OF EEB STAFF ................................................................................121




ANNEXES:
Annex 1: Financial Report
Annex 2: EEB Member Organisations
Annex 3: EEB Executive and EEB Staff
Annex 4: EEB Working Groups
Annex 5: EEB Representation in other Organisations and Bodies
Annex 6: List of Events
Annex 7: EEB Press Releases and Joint Press Releases
Annex 8: EEB Publications and Joint Publications




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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005


       THE WORK OF THE EEB ACCOMPLISHED IN 2005



INTRODUCTION

This report is organised on the basis of Work Programme 2005 adopted by the
EEB members at their Annual General Meeting on 25 September 2004.



1. EFFECTIVE ENVIRONMENT LEGISLATION

Enacting effective environmental legislation remains the EU’s core tool for setting
standards and environmental quality objectives, guiding environmental
innovation, making enforcement possible, giving economic actors a level playing
field and the public a set of rights and opportunities for action. That is why the
EEB continues to dedicate a large part of its attention and capacity to
development of such legislation.


1.a. Chemicals

Aims for 2005

•   Ultimately to identify and phase out hazardous chemicals emissions by 2020.
•   Encourage European Parliament, through its amendments, to restore
    REACH’s ambitions (as foreseen in White Paper for a new chemicals policy).
    In particular, seek introduction of mandatory implementation of substitution
    principle, increased transparency and Right to Know about chemicals in
    consumer products, full inclusion of chemicals produced between one and ten
    tons/annum/producer and an effective system for imported products.
•   Convince Council of Ministers (Competitiveness and Environment) to follow
    the same approach.
•   Continue resisting chemical industry pressure to dilute Commission's
    proposals. Stress weaknesses of macro-economic cost-benefit assessments
    and insist discussion focuses on identifying concrete problems caused by real
    companies, seeking tangible solutions without weakening REACH’s
    effectiveness.
•   Continue active involvement in Chemical Reaction Campaign, with FoE and
    Greenpeace, to inform and mobilise European public for re-enforced REACH.




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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005



Activities Envisaged

•   Producing position papers, publications, proposals for amendments
    addressed to EU institution decision-makers.
•   Involvement in REACH proposal discussions in ‘Brussels’ and capitals.
•   Involvement in discussion of REACH’s societal impacts.
•   Involvement in Commission’s work on additional REACH impact assessment.
•   Limited targeted involvement in Commission REACH implementation projects
•   Continue joint public campaign on chemicals with Greenpeace, Friends of the
    Earth and WWF. Project includes maintenance of multi-language website.
    (www.chemicalreaction.org) to organise ‘cyber-actions’ targeting EU decision-
    makers supporting our political demands.
•   Coordinate with EEB members, especially through EEB Chemicals Working
    Group, including organising two WG workshops.


Activities Accomplished

Events and meetings:

EEB held numerous meetings (singly or with WWF and/or Greenpeace) over this
period with:
• EP: MEPs, including Rapporteurs and Chair, Environment Committee, and
   Envi Committee Secretariat staff (details available on request). EEB also
   followed most EP Committee discussions on REACH
• Commission: several meetings with Cabinet members of Commissioners for
   Environment, Enterprise, and officials. On 17 March, EEB and allies met
   Commissioner Verheugen. EEB attended all meetings on Business Impact
   Assessment run by CEFIC/UNICE, (Commission set up multi-stakeholder
   body to follow and comment), and meetings on SPORT impact assessment.
   Participated in 26 January DG Research workshop on Endocrine disruptors
   as observer and 31 May ‘validation’ workshop of DG Enterprise Textile
   REACH study.
• Meetings with national government representatives: Hungary, Germany
   (Environment and Economy Ministries), South Africa (Ambassador), Sweden
   (chemical agency), Netherlands
• Meetings with company representatives (Marks & Spencer, German Textile
   Industry, ACEA (Car industry), RSA, Total/Fina)
• Meetings with Experts, including from Japan
• Organisations with whom the EEB cooperates include WWF, Greenpeace,
   WECF, FoE and Eurocoop, ETUC and, increasingly, BEUC. Fruitful exchange
   also with EUREAU (waste-water treatment and drinking water providers).




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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

EEB Working Group

•   40 EEB member organisations in core Chemicals working group. Since we
    work in wider NGO coalition on REACH, there are some 150 individual
    members in list server.
•   8-9 April: EEB Chemicals Working Group meeting: 52 participants and 14
    EEB member organisations represented – Agenda: Update Council and
    Parliament, Maltese-Slovenian proposal on Registration, French proposal on
    Agency, views from trades unions and animal welfare groups, news from US
    Chemicals Policy initiatives and cooperation possibilities – Guests: Speakers
    included Head of Unit, DG Enterprise, three experts from MSs’ authorities
    (Luxembourg, Malta, France), two representatives from US NGOs, two
    representatives from Animal Welfare Organisations, one trades union
    representative. Five EP assistants attended open session. Further guests
    included: three representatives from Consumer Organisations, doctors and
    nine other NGO staff (internal report available)
•   10-11 October: EEB REACH conference and working group meeting
     half-day REACH conference was attended by 82 participants, followed by
     EEB internal NGO meeting, attended by 19 EEB member organisations and
     larger number of participants from other NGOs. Agenda: recent
     developments, findings from blood testing, panel discussion, substitution.
     Guests: Speakers were British Trade & Industry Minister Alun Michael, EEB’s
     President, Dr Mikael Karlsson, Dr Ninja Reineke from WWF on blood-
     testing, representatives from Cefic, the Trades Unions, British Presidency
     and DG Environment. Attending the conference were representatives from
     the French economic and finances Ministry, German Perm Rep, US NGOs,
     several EP Assistants from Parliament, medical Doctor, representative of DG
     Enterprise, several representatives from industry, Think Tanks, consultancies
     and Consumer NGOs.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/conference-report-REACH-
        November2005.pdf
•   1 December: EEB REACH Expert workshop with 13 participants
     Members involved at different levels of intensity. Many highly involved, met
     MEPs, wrote letters to Ministers and met MS experts. Involvement peaked
     towards EP vote in Strasbourg.

Speaking/participation at events

•   11 January: Meetings with MEPs Florenz and Langen before joint REACH
    hearing in Strasbourg
•   17 January: intervention at seminar: REACH made easy (organised by
    Chemical Reaction & FoE)
•   19 January: EEB presented NGO views at EP Joint Hearing
•   21-23 January: German REACH debate in Loccum
•   3 February: EEB presentation at Hessen Landesvertretung
•   2-4 February: Transatlantic Chemical Dialogue in Gothenburg
•   28 February: EP Greens debate on Animal testing

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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   2 March: Friends of Europe lunch debate on REACH + risk commun. to
    consumer
•   11-12 March: EEB speaks and participates in Trades Unions REACH
    Conference
•   30 March: EEB speaks at Bavarian representation REACH evening
•   31 March: ECOSOC REACH WG meeting
•   19 April: EEB follows Eurocommerce internal discussion on REACH
•   26 April: EEB at European Voice Conference on REACH
•   26 April: Greenpeace catwalk on substitution within REACH
•   10-11 May: High level Presidency workshop in Luxembourg
•   18 May: as Expert at EESC discussion of draft report
•   19 May: Workshop by German region NRW on exposure in REACH
•   1 June: EEB speaking at VNCI AGM, The Hague
•   13 June: presentation to WECF (EEB Member) training
•   15-17 June: Joint Commission WG meeting in Helsinki
•   27-28 June: Ismene Jäger – Stakeholder Expert Group (SEG) meeting on
    REACH implementation project 3.3 (RIP 3.3) :Testing Requirements
•   11 July: SME event of German NRW Region (Aktion Einspruch)
•   23 September: Presentation at ‘Business Exercises on REACH’ in Düsseldorf
•   2-3 October: European Chemicals Industry Convention in Nice
•   26-28 September: TV discussion in Strasbourg (MEP Nasauer) and REACH
    lobbying before ENVI vote (MEP Florenz)
•   14-17 November: REACH EP first reading in Strasbourg
•   3 December: speaking at ENDS REACH Conference

Publications

•   Sick of Chemicals – a review of evidence, by EEN/EPHA &Chemical Reaction
    (EEB, FoE & Greenpeace)
        http://www.foe.co.uk/campaigns/safer_chemicals/chemical_reaction/2005
        _01_Sick_of_chemicals.pdf
•   REACH impact assessments – Assessing EU Environmental Impacts – A
    Critical Evaluation of Impact Assessments carried out for Europe’s chemical
    policy reform (REACH) – jointly EEB and WWF, June 2005 – 800 copies
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/200506-EEB-WWF-REACH-IA.pdf
•   Contributions to DNR “EU Rundschreiben” special edition REACH
        http://www.dnr.de/publikationen/eur/archiv/eur0506-07-sh.pdf
•   Contribution to REACH Report
        http://www.reachreport.de/downloads
•   Article in German REACH Report 3/2005: ‘Dialog kann Kosten senken’
        http://www.reachreport.de/downloads/dodownload.php?ausgabeid=5000&
        beitragid=5009&jahr=2005&monat=Nr.%203&kosten=frei&rubrik=UMSET
        ZUNGSPraxis&titel=Dialog%20kann%20Kosten%20senken
•   EEB REACH conference Report: 10-11 October – 500 copies
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/conference-report-REACH-
        November2005.pdf

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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Position papers

•   31 January: Business Impact Assessment by KPMG for Unice and Cefic, EEB
    and WWF
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/20050113-EEB-WWF-KPMG-brief-
        final.pdf
•   27 April : Impact Assessment: Business will not lose essential and safe
    chemicals, EEB and WWF Briefing
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/REACH-IA-EEB-WWF-briefing.pdf
•   27 June: NGO briefing on the Malta/Slovenia proposal for a ‘Risk-based
    prioritisation’ of low volume chemicals, EEB-EEN-FOE-Greenpeace-WECF-
    WWF
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/MT_SI_ngo_critique_final_270605.
        pdf
•   March 2006: REACH 2nd reading – Key priorities of Environmental, Health,
    Consumer and Women’s NGOs
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/chemicals/2nd-ReadingNGOs4key_priorities-
        March2006.pdf

Press releases

•   17 January: Unice in bid to wreck REACH
         http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_unice_170105.htm
•   9 March: Sick of Chemicals, by Chemical Reaction (EEB-FOE-Greenpeace)
•   27 April: Industry figures show: We can afford safer chemicals
        http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_industry_figures_show_270405.htm
•   13 July: US challenge EU leadership in chemicals policy
        http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_us_challenge_EU_leadership_in_chemicals_
        policy_130705.htm
•   14 September: Environment Committee has to maintain workability of REACH
        http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_env_committee_maintain_REACH_140905.ht
        m
•   4 October: REACH: Parliament’s lead committee backs REACH principles but
    falls short of guaranteeing safety information (NGO coalition and Eurocoop)
        http://www.eeb.org/press/NGOs-respond-REACH-envi-vote-041005.pdf
•   19 October: New study reveals potential benefits of REACH to workers' health
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_EEB_on_study_on%20REACH_191005
        .htm
•   16 November: When REACH becomes a threat
    EEB-EEN-Eurocoop-FOE-Greenpeace-WECF-WWF
        http://www.eeb.org/press/Strasbourg161105.pdf
•   17 November: Parliament votes to phase out hazardous chemicals but allows
    huge knowledge gaps on safety. EEB-EEN-Eurocoop-FOE-Greenpeace-
    WECF-WWF
        http://www.eeb.org/press/20051117-REACH-vote.pdf
•   13 December: Member states fail to address the chemical threat
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/20051213-Council-REACH-joint-PR.pdf

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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Official letters

•   11 February: EEB, FoEE, GP and WWF Letter to Verheugen: Request for
    urgent meeting on REACH
•   31 March: EEB, FoEE, GP and WWF Letter to Verheugen: Follow-up on
    REACH meeting 17 March 2005
•   26 May: Letter to Environment Council Ministers, contained part on REACH
•   3 June: letter to Competitiveness Council Ministers reg. REACH
•   22 June: joint NGO open letter to Ministers on Deca BDE (not unban from
    ROHs)
•   31 August: letter to President of Hungarian Socialist party reg. MEP Herzog
    (co-shadow ITRE)


Chemicals in general publications

•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 36 of January 2005 (pages 5-6) – “What is in
    REACH??”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-36.pdf
•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 36 of January 2005 (page 6) – “Nanoparticles
    and EU Policy”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-36.pdf
•   Article Metamorphosis n° 39 of October 2005 (editorial) – “Save REACH – EU
    politicians and governments can show in November they still care about
    people’s health”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf
•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.4.6
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_4.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 10 March 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Letter-Ministers-EnvCounci-
        140205.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 24 June 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Env-Council-24June-260505.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
        June05.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 17 October 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20050922-letter-env-council.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 2 December 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20051109-EEB-Letter-to-Env-
        Council-Dec02.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the UK Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005

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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

      http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
      201205.pdf


The Chemical Reaction Campaign

Chemical Reaction is a joint project set up by EEB, Friends of the Earth Europe
(FoEE) and Greenpeace International (GP) in May 2003 to encourage EU
citizens and NGOs to engage in the decision-making processes of the proposed
EU chemical legislation, REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of
Chemicals). Chemical Reaction aims to make the political process more
transparent and provides information and signals opportunities for action by
citizens at key political moments. This Campaign is sponsored by the Sigrid
Rausing Trust.


Highlights

a) 33% of MEPs supported its chemicals pledge
b) four online actions in 2005, three aimed at MEPs, one at MS industry
   ministers
c) 22,748 individual e-mails/letters to MEPs October-November 2005
d) 5,000 portraits with personal messages uploaded from people around the
   world at our picture gallery
e) flash animation for citizens that explains problems with chemicals in easy
   terms
f) extended work to new health groups, eg CPME
g) new web design of chemical reaction in nine languages
h) English and German version of booklet: “Sick of chemicals”
i) (Financial) support for four sub-funded groups in Poland (Greenpeace), Spain
   (Ecologistas en Acción), Czech Republic (Arnika), and the EU-wide Women
   in Europe for a Common Future

For further information, www.chemicalreaction.org.


Results

The EEB (with WWF) played a key role in highlighting the chemical industry’s
failure to prove substantial negative impacts on its sector by means of the Impact
Assessment it had commissioned from KPMG, under the scrutiny of a multi-
stakeholder process. But the industry spread the false rumour that SMEs would
have to bear crushingly overwhelming costs in complying with legislation. By a
sad irony, this story was used to increase the burden on SMEs using chemicals.
The EEB has successfully convinced some decision-makers that REACH is both
necessary and affordable.



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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

The Parliamentary vote in November was a partial success. Our campaign
contributed to a strong position on authorisation and substitution. We kept the
trades unions and other important players on side. Cooperation with the
European Consumers’ umbrella organisation, BEUC, improved, as well as with
Eurocoop. Dialogue with EUREAU (water industry) and the construction industry
was positive and has potential, but has only advanced slowly. Exchanges with
animal welfare groups progressed throughout the year, but did not result in any
joint statements or activities, as interests continue to differ somewhat.

The Chemical Reaction project achieved broad coverage of EU countries and
provided strong support for the plenary vote. The EEB continued working with US
NGOs, who are very supportive and help counterbalance damage done by the
US administration’s lobbying. REACH-type legislative proposals were introduced
in the US Senate before the vote in Plenary, and also in Congress. Progressive
State legislators wrote to EU officials supporting REACH.
Work with proactive companies and associations, mainly British retailers, is time-
consuming, but they have finally started lobbying for the right to know.
Unfortunately their position on substances in imported articles has considerably
weakened.


1.b. GMOs


Aims for 2005

•   To prevent risk of GMOs affecting environment and health, both in Europe
    and elsewhere, and allow consumers and farmers an informed choice.


Activities Envisaged

•   Take part in coalitions fighting for strict implementation and enforcement of
    EU rules on GMO release and tracing and labelling GM products.
•   Take part in coalitions fighting for EU legislation on preventive measures to
    avoid genetic contamination of conventional and organic farming, supporting
    set-up of GM-free areas throughout Europe.
•   Deploy EEB’s experience on liability to ensure that a full and product-based
    liability scheme for GMOs and derivatives be established at EU level.
•   Involve and inform EEB membership.


Activities Accomplished

EEB does not allocate staff time to this issue. Our work is coordinated by Mauro
Albrizio (Legambiente, Italy), EEB Vice President. EEB works with Greenpeace
and FoE Europe. This includes networking with Council and EP representatives.

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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

The EEB was also involved in work on introducing GMO decision-making into the
Aarhus Convention. See under question 1.h.

Events

•   6 March: EEB attended seminar by Salzburg representation on GMOs and
    coexistence.
•   21 March: press conference on European policy on GMOs in agriculture with
    FoEE, Greenpeace, EuroCoop and IFOAM.

Publications

Press releases

•   8 March: Environmental Ministers called upon to reject mandate to European
    Commission on GMOs
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_call_reject_mandate_commission_on_
        GMO_080305.htm
•   21 March: on European policy on GMOs in agriculture with FoEE,
    Greenpeace, EuroCoop and IFOAM.
•   15 April: on illegal US maize imports contaminated by Bt10 with FoEE,
    EuroCoop and IFOAM.
•   27 May: Civil society celebrates victories for public participation on GMOs and
    in international forums
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/civil_society_celebrates_victory_almaty_27
        0505.htm
•   27 May: La société civile célèbre ses victoires qui lui permettent de s'exprimer
    au sujet des OGMs et dans les Forums internationaux
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/civil_society_celebrates_victory_almaty_F
        R_270505.htm

Official letters

•   18 March: to Commissioners on European policy on GMOs in agriculture with
    FoEE, Greenpeace, EuroCoop and IFOAM.
•   4 May: reply to DG SANCO questionnaire for stakeholders on the
    implementation of Regulation 1829/2003 concerning GM food and feed.
•   9 November: to Ministers concerning the Environment Council (2 December
    2005) political debate on GMO authorisation procedures.

General

•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf


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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

1.c. Industry and product policies

1.c.1. IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

Aims for 2005

•   To ensure proper implementation of IPPC Directive by 2007, priority: phasing
    out mercury cells in chlorine production.
•   To secure effective NGO participation at Seville process on BAT. Need to
    expand our network of environmental specialists in industrial activities.
•   To tackle emissions trading within discussion of implementing Directive.
•   To follow up IMPEL works on implementing IPPC Directive.


     Activities Envisaged

     •   continue our involvement with BREFs
     •   turn existing EEB IPPC mailing list into an active
         WG, to unite national experiences and expectations,
         notably on permitting, monitoring and reporting
         practices, as far as public participation in these
         processes is concerned. Two WG meetings in 2005
         (possibly combined with campaign on mercury).



Activities Accomplished

The EEB continued sending experts to meetings in Seville where Member
States, Commission and stakeholders discuss the descriptions of BREFs. Three
experts followed the BREFs. EEB got involved in the following documents: Waste
Treatment, Waste incineration, Metal surface treatment, Surface Treatment using
solvents, energy efficiency and revision of Cement BREF (first-ever revision).

Events and meetings

•   23-24 June: 16th IEF (IPPC BAT Information Exchange Forum)
•   20-22 September: IPPC Conference in Dresden
•   17-18 November: 17th IEF (IPPC BAT Information Exchange Forum) (owing
    to time overlap represented by Oekopol expert)

EEB Working Group

•   15 member organisations took part in IPPC working group, with total of 30
    members, including experts.
•   15 December: seven regular participants attended the IPPC Working Group
    meeting, among whom only three were from EEB member organisations –
    agenda (available, short internal report): IPPC versus emissions trading;
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                               EEB - Activities Report 2005

        IPPC review process; EEB involvement in BREF WGs. Guests: eight NGO
        guests from EU accession countries; two speakers (DG Environment/ IPPC
        bureau)
•       Year-round involvement is weak, with exception of NGO Experts.

Publications

•       EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.3.2
          http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_3.pdf



Results

EEB remained involved in developing certain BREF documents. The group
decided closely to follow the forthcoming review process and identified threats
and opportunities. The main priorities will be to maintain at least the technology-
driven level of ambition and the concept of continuous improvement. Regarding
resources, the review process will take priority over work on BREF documents,
though EEB will stay involved in key BREFs.

EEB must increase members’ involvement and cooperation with networks of
environmental lawyers, especially regarding the review process. EEB will begin
work on a snapshot report to evaluate member organisations’ participation and to
increase interest.


1.c.2. Standardisation

Aims for 2005

•       Support ECOS in its practical work and, where necessary, intervene with EU
        institutions when things in CEN go wrong
•       Use ECOS’s experience to identify standardisation’s role in changing
        consumption and production patterns.

    Activities Envisaged

    •    EU Policy Director to be ECOS Board Member


Activities Accomplished

•       ECOS has a one-man facility, in EEB’s offices.
•       EEB plays an active part in ECOS and has provided the Chair of ECOS since
        November 2004. It supports ECOS politically and technically with experts.
        EEB’s Policy Director accompanied ECOS Secretary General at several
        meetings with DG Environment, Enterprise, ANEC and CEN/CENELEC. Also
        represented ECOS at CEN/CENELEC AGM, Budapest.
                                                                                  13
                               EEB - Activities Report 2005

•       EEB helped ECOS solve funding problems and to secure financial resources
        for 2006. EEB, with ECOS, coordinated experts working on CEN standards
        WEEE marking, packaging, Air Quality, Waste, Sludge and Solid Recovered
        Fuels. Based on technical collaboration EEB publicly criticised several CEN
        standards in packaging and waste.
•       EEB plays a steering role in ECOS, but other members, including WWF EPO
        and BirdLife, have taken responsibility, eg by addressing 2006 funding
        problems. Through ECOS’s technical work EEB might further develop its
        position on “delegation of decision–making” outside the legislative process
        and highlight to the European Parliament key shortcomings on standardising
        environmental protection.
•       EEB had a particularly important role in drafting ECOS position paper on CEN
        SRF (Solid Recovered Fuel) standard.


1.c.3.a. Ecological Product Policy (EPP)

Aims for 2005

•       Ensure Ecodesign Framework Directive for Energy Using Products (EuP) co-
        decision process delivers strong and focused environmental framework, with
        democratic machinery for setting implementing measures, and strong
        information supply requirements
•       Convert IPP discussion into appropriate legal framework and explicit
        measures, eg on economic tools, green procurement, product prioritisation,
        design obligations. Ideally through product panels, product information
        requirements, general producer responsibility for environmentally sound
        products, function approach and consumption (‘rebound’ effect), through
        Working Groups on these issues, and instruments to increase ecolabelled
        products’ market share (eg active promotion, low VAT, public procurement).


    Activities Envisaged

    •    involvement in 2nd reading of draft Eco-Design
         Directive.
    •    coordination of EEB Ecological Product Policy



Activities Accomplished

Activities were mainly addressed to Commission and were rather technical. EEB
worked with WWF on priority ECCP products in EuP Directive.

On New Approach/Self-Declaration, EEB worked mainly with experts. Not so
easy to communicate this issue to our members.


                                                                                  14
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

However, EEB had a special WG on this topic, which helped increase interest
and feedback. 45 people on list-server. 11 member organisations represented at
November WG meeting, plus range of experts, representatives of other
environmental NGOs, companies, EP, Commission.
Tempo of our work highly dependent on developments in Commission. EEB has
good contacts with DG TREN on implementing EuP.

EEB meetings

•   24 November: EEB Ecological Product Policy WG meeting to reassess
    direction of EEB’s Product Policy work – Issues included IPP, EuP, ETAP,
    Ecolabel, and discussion on links – There was a range of “observers”, from
    other NGOs, consultants, EUTOX, EP, RREUSE, Ökopol, and speakers from
    DG Env, DG TREN, EPEA – 18 participants – minutes available

Activities / Meetings

•   In January EEB collaborated with Ökopol participants of EC workshop on IPP
    indicators study
•   2 March: EEB gave e-mail input to IPP Regular meeting.
•   25 April: EEB participated in IPP WG on Product Information Needs.
•   March: EEB made recommendations to the EP on its ENVI COM report on
    second reading of EuP Ecodesign Framework Directive and provided voting
    recommendations together with WWF for its vote.
•   April: EEB provided input on possible compromises and priorities for second
    reading agreement negotiations between EP and Council.
•   April: EEB provided brief overview of result of second reading agreement
    reached with Council and circulated this to WG.
•   5 October: EEB spoke at annual ERCP Conference in Antwerp on
    Sustainable Consumption and Production action plan.
•   22 November: EEB participated partially in DN (Danish EEB Member)
    thinktank on SCP, at EEB office.
•   23 November: BUND, EEB Member attended IPP Regular meeting for EEB.

Informal meetings

•   April: EEB met MEPs on EuP Ecodesign Framework Directive second
    reading.
•   October: Informal discussion with DG TREN on how EuP Consultation Forum
    should be set up. Dialogue taken over by WWF

Publications

Press releases

•   15 March: on EuP after ENVI vote: Environment Committee stands strong on
    Ship Fuels and Ecodesign

                                                                             15
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

       http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_environment_committee_stands_strong_150
       305.htm
•   13 April: PR on EuP after May plenary vote: Full marks for European
    Parliament on ecodesign for energy efficiency - poor marks on waste
    prevention and promoting innovation
       http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_full_marks_EP_ecodesign_130405.htm

EuP in General EEB Documents

•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.4.4 – The Ecodesign
    framework for energy using products (EuP) Directive
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_4.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf


Results

EEB and WWF successfully intensified emphasis on urgent action on priority
ECCP products in EuP Directive. We were not so successful on procedure and
general ambition level (EEB’s main focus) except to agree formal establishment
of a stakeholder consultation forum. We failed on some of our main priorities: to
strengthen links to specific environmental objectives beyond climate change and
integrating Product Information requirements on Manufacturers and stronger than
self-declaration verification procedures.

EEB established a dialogue with DG TREN on funding NGO participation in EuP
Consultation Forum.

EEB WG reached the 45 people/organisations on the list-server. Eleven of them
participated at the November EEB WG meeting.


1.c.3.b. The European Ecolabel

Aims for 2005

•   Continuing involvement in EU Ecolabel scheme, to provide professional
    engagement on technical criteria-setting process and critical evaluation of
    scheme’s performance. Also provide input to revision of EU Ecolabel
    regulation and ongoing policy and promotion activities outlined in Ecolabel
    Work Plan 2002-2004.




                                                                                  16
                                EEB - Activities Report 2005


    Activities Envisaged

    •    continued and (if supported by dedicated funding and
         approved by EEB Board) increased resources for
         EEB involvement (and other ENGOS) in EU Ecolabel
         scheme, including consolidating internal procedures,
         strengthening evaluation procedures for ENGO
         objectives and seeking to enable ENGO promotion
         activities linked to existing campaign objectives
         (building on EEB EU Ecolabel evaluation study from
         2004 and parallel policy discussion). Developing
         recommendations to revise EU Ecolabel Regulation



Activities Accomplished

EEB work on Ecolabel is run from its office. EEB has a WG with 25 members (on
list-server) but few make a substantial contribution. No meeting of the WG in
2005, owing to lack of time.


Meetings

•       March-June: EEB experts participated in technical WGs for setting criteria on
        Soil improvers, soaps and shampoos (in March and June) and printed paper
        (in April).
•       April: A paper-copy publication of EEB evaluation study (of ten-year
        performance of EU Ecolabel) completed.
•       April: Eva Eiderstrom from SSNC (Swedish EEB Member) attended EUEB
        presidential meeting, followed first debate on Ecolabel working plan revision.
        EEB gave input at 24 May EUEB meeting before working plan adopted.
•       13 June: EEB met DG Environment to discuss additional financial support for
        EEB’s ecolabel work and improving communication.
•       Subsequent discussion with BEUC resulted in coordinated applications for
        special grants: aim to set up joint Ecolabel support secretariat for EEB and
        BEUC. Both applications approved in December. Activities to start 2006.
•       May-July: Experts found to represent EEB in work on heat pumps. Experts
        sought for revision of Tissue Paper criteria.
•       26 September: EEB participated in stakeholder workshop on study reviewing
        Ecolabel and EMAS schemes.
•       27-28 September: EEB attended EU Ecolabel Board Meeting.
•       September, October, November: EEB experts attended AHWG on Heat
        Pumps, Tissue paper and Soil improvers.
•       EEB attended 13 official meetings.



                                                                                     17
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Publications

•   EEB Evaluation of the European Ecolabel Criteria and Scheme – ‘What we
    wanted - what we got …’ – 300 copies
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/product_policy/EEB-Ecolabel-evaluation-
       What-we-wanted-what-we-got-July2004.pdf
•   EEB position papers on Soil improvers, soaps and shampoos and printed
    paper criteria proposals provided to AHWG meetings. Short paper on EEB’s
    suggestions for last minute changes to Ecolabel Working Plan circulated to
    Regulatory Committee.

In general EEB publications

•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.4.2
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_4.pdf

Results

On individual criteria EEB may have had influence on setting VOC controls and
restrictions on hazardous substances on printed paper production ecolabel.

The joint project with BEUC is a step towards better coordination. It also greatly
helps in seeking common positions with consumer organisations.


1.d. Water

Aims for 2005

•   Improve NGO participation in national WFD implementation
•   Transparent, ambitious and harmonised ecological classification and
    objective setting, preserve integrity of WFD’s holistic ecological assessment
    approach
•   Integrate WFD objectives into other policies
•   New legislation to protect remaining pristine groundwater from any further
    pollution and stop contamination of groundwater by hazardous chemicals
    New legislation to protect surface waters from further pollution and phase out
    emissions of hazardous chemicals




                                                                                     18
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005


Activities Envisaged

•   Help EEB members in WFD implementation
•   Optional: set strategy with WWF on complaints: quality of
    transposition and implementation.
•   Participate in relevant EU-level fora for intercalibrating ecological
    assessment and setting ecological standards. This process
    needs to be concluded by end 2006 under WFD, but is likely to
    fail due to Member States’ lack of ambition (and is therefore
    likely to continue).
•   legislative process on emissions controls and quality standards
    on 33 substances in 2005. Strong link with REACH.
•   active involvement in legislative process on Groundwater
    Protection Directive. EEB is only NGO (RSPB assisting), and is
    high-profile.
•   optional: Involvement in legislative process on Bathing Water.
•   continue co-ordination of EEB Water WG, 2 meetings


Activities Accomplished

EEB continued with WFD implementation at EU level. Following the publication
of an EEB/WWF snapshot report on the quality of national implementation, EEB
had several contacts with EU and national officials. With RSPB’s help, EEB
secured an increased role in the WFD intercalibration process for ecological
status characterisation and definition. Over a dozen meetings took place
between EEB, Commission officials and Commissioner Dimas’s office. EEB
participated in some ten EU and national stakeholder meetings on WFD
implementation and visited RSPB (UK).

Two water policy workshops were held with some 30 EEB Members represented.

  25-26 February: Agenda: WFD implementation (including presentation of
second snapshot report; Article 5 analysis; environmental objectives); Flood
policies; WFD and CAP: Participants: 35 (18 NGOs represented, of which 15
EEB Members, 1 DEFRA, 4 Commission, Water Unit DG Envi). Report available
on request
• 9-10 September: Agenda: WFD implementation (where’s the fish?; strategic
    complaint); marine environment; groundwater: Participants: 28 (18 NGO
    represented: 12 were EEB Members; 2 Commission reps, Water Unit DG
    Envi), report available on request, agenda and presentations on our web-site.

118 people currently on Water WG list server.

EEB published four position papers and briefings for MEPs and Environment
Ministers on Europe’s new Groundwater and forthcoming Flood Directives. Three
meetings with MEPs were held, involving German and British EEB Members.
                                                                               19
                          EEB - Activities Report 2005


EEB maintained a strong role as the environmental voice at EU level. WFD
implementation as well as developing new EU water policies. This has occurred
in an increasingly difficult environment, with many new business interest groups
seeking access and influence in the fora. Through the snapshot report and expert
work on Intercalibration the EEB managed to influence the agenda, but with
increasing difficulty. Sector groups, agriculture, energy and transport, have a
growing influence on the agenda.

Most importantly, EEB helped capacity building with its Members especially
through the snapshot report and planned follow-up of a specific NGO survey and
strategic complaint about the economic analysis as the water WG decided in
Sept 2005. This ensures a healthy and active Water WG.

EEB successfully put integration with WFD on Commission’s and Member
States’ Agenda regarding new EU flood Directive.

Meetings

•   21 January: EEB participated in EC stakeholder meeting on Flood policy
•   27 January: visit to EEB Member RSPB water team in UK
•   4 March: Commission stakeholder meeting on flood policy
•   22 March: Dimas Cabinet on WFD implementation and priority substances
•   29 March: NGO Teleconference on Groundwater
•   5 April: met several MEPs on Groundwater
•   11 April: Commission stakeholder meeting on flood policy
•   12 May: EEB presentation at BirdLife WFD seminar, Brussels
•   19-20 May: Participation at WFD Implementation Steering Group
    (Commission and MSs), Brussels
•   26 May: Attended Commission/German workshop: WFD objectives, Berlin
•   27 June: Interview with German Television on Bathing Water Protection
•   30 June: Attended ELNI event on legislative interface, WFD, IPPC, REACH
•   8 September: Met DG Environment Water Unit on WFD implementation and
    NGO technical review of Intercalibration
•   20-21 September: Attended and presented at WFD-CAP conference, London
•   17 October: Attended and presented to EEB representatives at Stakeholder
    Conference on WFD, Prague
•   17 October: Attended and presented at workshop "Lobbyarbeit in der
    Flusspolitik", Berlin organised by DUH
•   25 October: Met DG Envi Water and Legal Unit on WFD SCG and strategic
    complaint
•   26-27 October: Attended WFD Steering Group
•   25 November: Presented to EU-funded WaterTime Project, London




                                                                              20
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Publications

•   February: EEB/WWF: EEB WWF "Snapshot" Report on WFD implementation
    – 700 copies
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/making-WFD-work-February05.pdf


Position papers

•   4 February: EEB/WWF comments to Commission and Member States on EU
    Flood Risk Management Policy
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20050204-EEB&WWF-overall-
       comments-EU-Flood-policy-final.pdf
•   5 April: EEB/WWF The Groundwater Directive NGO briefing
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20050405-GW-briefing.pdf
•   25 April:/ EEB and WWF's comments on: Elements of a Directive on Flood
    Risk management
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20050425-NGO-feed-back-FRM-
       Directive-WFD-link-Scope.pdf
•   28 April: EEB/WWF EU Groundwater Directive - NGO briefing for
    Parliament's 1st Reading
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20050427-EEB-WWF-briefing-GW-for-
       EP-1st-reading.pdf
•   24 November: EEB Position on Groundwater:
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20051124-EEB-GWD-position.pdf

Press Releases

•   10 March: Water protection in Europe at stake - Survey shows gaps in EU
    water directive implementation
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_water_protection_at_stake_survey_100
        305.htm
•   16 March: Joint press-release: Parliament's Environment Committee puts
    future of groundwater protection at risk
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/20050316_PR_Groundwater_FINAL_1.pdf
•   28 April: Groundwater protection: Parliament refutes attack from industrial
    agriculture
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_groundwater_protection_280405.htm
•   27 June: Europe's Groundwater protection watered down
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_groundwater_protection_watered_down
        _270605.htm
•   14 July: Joint press-release: Jump into Europe's waters and make EU water
    policy work
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Big-Jump-PR-140705.pdf
•   24 October: Joint press-release: Europe's Marine Strategy not yet fit to sail
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/20051024-joint-PR-marine-strategy.pdf


                                                                               21
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Official letters

•   4 May: EEB and WWF letter to Envi Council on WFD
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20050504-EEB-WWF-letter-to-
       Ministers-on-IC-final.pdf
•   16 June: EEB, FoE and WWF letter to Envi Council on groundwater directive
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/20050612-EEB-FoEE-WWF-letter-
       EnviCouncil-Groundwater.pdf

Water in General EEB Documents

•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 39 of October 2005 (page 4) – “European Marine
    Protection Strategy delay” – by Gaia Angelini, Political Campaigner
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf
•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.5
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_5.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 24 June 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Env-Council-24June-260505.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
        June05.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the British Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the British Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
        201205.pdf


Results

EEB remains a strong player at EU level, supporting processes for WFD
implementation and succeeding increasingly in raising awareness through
national NGOs.

Solid successes included the increased role in the WFD intercalibration process
for ecological status characterisation and definition.

Work towards a strategic complaint on Member States’ application of WFD
economic analysis requirement may set a key trend for EEB enforcement work.

On the Groundwater Directive, EEB was unsuccessful in preventing Council and
Parliament from weakening the existing protection regime.

On the new EU flood Directive, EEB successfully placed integration with the
WFD on the Commission’s and Member States’ Agenda.
                                                                              22
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005


1.e. Air Pollution

Aims for 2005

•   Prepare a 2nd generation policy package to achieve long-term objectives,
    including good proposals for revision of EU air quality legislation.
•   Special focus on air pollution from shipping, leading to effective EU and
    international legislation imposing fuel standards and other measures, eg
    economic instruments, further reducing air pollution from shipping.
•   Continue activities further reducing emissions of pollution related to fuel
    composition, vehicle quality and large combustion plants.
•   Look at interlinkages with other environmental problems and sectoral policies
    to promote synergies.


Activities Envisaged

•   Involvement in expert WGs and technical committees revising NEC
    Directive.
•   Maintain regular contact with EEB organisations active on air
    pollution using dedicated special list-server. Organise two
    workshops of this WG.
•   Continue activities on air pollution from shipping to achieve
    environmentally ambitious Directive on sulphur in marine fuels and
    possible further reduction of ships’ emissions through economic
    instruments.
•   Circulate information on interlinkages between air pollution and
    climate change.
•   Ongoing coordination and promotion of activities with EEB
    Members, in close cooperation with T&E and Swedish NGO
    Secretariat on Acid Rain.
•   Follow preparation of proposals on new vehicle standards on
    passenger cars’ and heavy duty vehicles’ air emissions. Work
    towards environmentally ambitious Directives.


Activities Accomplished

General

The revision of the NEC Directive was delayed, so EEB did not dwell on it. On 10
November we attended the first meeting of the expert WG on National Emission
Ceilings and Policy Instruments (NECPI) with two experts. But EEB did work on
the review of the Large Combustion Plants Directive.

In early 2005 many members reacted to failure by cities and national authorities
to respect EU law on fine particles. The EEB office was a source of information
                                                                                23
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

for national groups regarding the legal situation as well as what happened in
other countries. This was followed up by an experiment to produce a Snapshot
report (on implementation Air Quality Directive) with members: This was aimed at
providing arguments for implementation and the revision debate. EEB compiled
strong arguments about deficits in implementing the Air Quality Directive. Report
received interest from all sides. Published five-page “First results” before the
EEB November conference (see below under Thematic Strategy Air).

Two air pollution workshops were held with 28 EEB members represented:

•   15-16 April: Agenda: CAFE programme and Thematic Strategy air pollution
    (focus on cost-benefit calculations in CAFE), high level group Cars21
    ('Competitive Automotive Regulatory System for the 21st Century), health effects of
    particulate matter, exposure-reduction, first daughter Directive implementation
    in Germany, Hungary and UK (including discussion of snapshot report
    project), Participants: 27 (23 NGOs represented, 16 EEB Members, 1 AEA
    Technology, 1 RIVM Commission, 1 Air quality consultant, 1 MEP assistant),
    internal report available. Presentations available under:-
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/urban_transport/Index.htm

•   7 November – NGO internal seminar: Agenda: discussion of Thematic
    Strategy air pollution and Air Quality Directive proposal, complaints
    procedure of Commission, preparation for conference discussion, LCPs,
    implementation first daughter Directive and NGO campaigns, 15 participants
    (all 12 NGOs represented were EEB Members), internal report available

73 people are currently on Cleanair list server.

Events and meetings

•   17 January: Friends of Europe Discussion on Fuels.
•   15-16 April: EEB Cleanair seminar.
•   12 May: Meeting with Saxon representation.
•   7 September: Meeting with policy officer EUROCITIES on INTEGAIR project.
    Best-practice sharing project on implementation of first air quality daughter
    Directive financed by DG Research and coordinated by EUROCITIES. Aim of
    meeting: discover what could be useful to our members. Follow-up:
    disseminated information and briefing to Members working on air quality.
•   13 September: Meeting with visitors from Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Discussion
    on “EU Environmental policy between ambition and reality”.
•   24 October: Attended NGO conference "The European Advantage: How
    NGOs can benefit from recent European Legislation in their work for
    sustainable Transport Infrastructure" , Prague, Czech Republic. Conference
    organised by German EEB-member BUND with other NGOs. A key question:
    'What do NGOs need to maximise their capacity to use existing instruments?'
    Gave NGO workshop with BUND transport campaigner, Werner Reh, on
    'Healthy Cities'
       http://www.bund.net/verkehr/aktuell/aktuell_64/files/5534_healthycities.pdf

                                                                                     24
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   7 November: EEB Air Working group meeting.

Publications

•   May: EU Feinstaubrichtlinie: Nach fünf Jahren aufgewirbelt, article in
    punkt.um, Infodienst für Umwelt und Nachhaltigkeit.
       http://www.oekom.de/zeitschriften/punktum.html
•   Particle reduction plans in Europe – Implementation of the first daughter
    Directive on ambient air quality in Europe – Snapshot report : 500 copies
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/EEB_Snapshot_Report_Air.pdf

Position papers

•   15 April: Public Consultation: The Automotive Regulatory Framework in Next
    10 years. Reply from European Federation for Transport and Environment,
    Verkehrsclub Deutschland, Stichting Natuur en Milieu, EEB
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/2005-
       04_cars21_consultation_ngo_comments.pdf
•   11 July: “Some Comments and reactions on behalf of the EEB” commenting:
    Recommendations of Low Level Group on Clean Cars Second draft for LLG
    members’ consideration (by e-mail).
•   9 September: EEB comments to Commission’s draft proposals for Euro 5,
    EEB submission to internet consultation by DG Enterprise
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/EEB%20submission%20Euro5.pdf

Air in General EEB Documents

•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.3
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_3.pdf
•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 36 of January 2005 (page 7):
    “Particle Pollution Prevention: All just dust in the wind?”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-36.pdf

•   EEB Memorandum to Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests (air pollution
    from ships)
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
       June05.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the British Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the UK Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf




                                                                                25
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Results

The EEB’s focus on air was important in early 2005, when national organisations
sought support in their work on fine particles. The snap-shot report was a useful
experience, showing how complex this can be. EEB will develop this approach
further in 2006.


Special focus: SHIPPING EMISSIONS.

The EEB continued its work on shipping emissions, as Directive 2005/33 on
sulphur content of marine fuel went into second reading in the EP. Regarding
discussions in EP and Council, EEB and the Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid
Rain were the leading organisations in the NGO coalition working on air pollution
from ships. EEB had close contacts with MEPs, including the Rapporteur, and
Commission and Member States’ officials. EEB attended relevant EP meetings.

EEB members continued to be active on this issue through a special WG on
ships’ emissions and approached their MEPs as well as respective governments.

On the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), EEB and other NGOs
supported Seas at Risk, submitting discussion papers to foster discussion at IMO
level.

Publications
MEP briefings
• EEB letter to MEPs on ships’ fuels 09.03.05,
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/shipping/EEB%20Reduce%20sulphur%20
      from%20ships.pdf
• Voting recommendation from environmental NGOs 11.03.05,
    http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/shipping/NGO_voting_list_marine_fuels.pdf

Background paper at International Maritime Organisation
• 6 April: Reducing Shipping Emissions of Air Pollution: Feasible and Cost-
  effective Options: A Background Paper by Clean Air Task Force, Bluewater
  Network, European Environmental Bureau, North Sea Foundation, Seas at
  Risk, Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain

Press releases
• 15 March: Environment Committee stands strong on ship fuels and ecodesign
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/shipping/PR_Environment_Committee_sta
      nds_strong_on_Ship_Fuels_and_Ecodesign.pdf
• 13 April: Black smoke at full steam: ships will keep polluting the air
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/shipping/PR_Ships_will_keep_polluting_ai
      r.pdf

Articles


                                                                               26
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   Schiffe sollen weniger stinken – doch neues EU Gesetz greift zu kurz, Artikel
    in Waterkant, Umwelt, Mensch und Arbeit in der Nordseeregion, June 2005.
       http://www.aknev.org/waterkant.html

Results

Despite powerful lobbying by the shipping and oil industries, we had a strong
influence on the EP’s position. The EP Environment Committee reaffirmed
Parliament’s strong position in first reading, calling for steps to reduction which
exceeded the Commission proposal. EP thus insisted on strengthening the
Directive in several places despite almost all Member States in Council opposing
such strengthening. Member States strongly opposed our main demands, to
enlarge the Directive’s scope and introduce a second reduction step and they
were not met. A reference to these two issues was introduced in the Directive’s
revision clause, following negotiations between EP and Council.



Special focus: COMBUSTION PLANT EMISSIONS

EEB monitored Commission preparations to review the Large Combustion Plants
Directive (2001/80/EC). EEB had commented on the interim report in 2004 and
followed this with detailed comments to the draft final report in June 2005.

The EEB also commented on a background document on the combustion sector,
produced by EGTEI, a special WG on the Convention on Long-range
Transboundary Air Pollution. EEB responded in detail to figures about certain
pollution abatement technologies in the power sector, which did not correctly
reflect abatement potential. The potential for pollution abatement is important
regarding computer models used for underpinning analysis of further legislative
proposals on emissions reductions.

9 November: 2 EEB experts met EGTEI (special WG on Convention on Long-
range Transboundary Air Pollution) to discuss latest joint NGO submission to
Commission criticising EGTEI figures (Friends of the Earth England, Wales and
Northern Ireland, Swedish Secretariat on Acid Rain, EEB). Discussion on
removal efficiencies of certain pollution abatement technologies, as basis for
computer model for NEC revision. Explained NGO point of view and continue to
disagree with EGTEI.


Publications

•   30 June: Preparation of review relating to Large Combustion Plant Directive,
    Draft final report, Response from EEB, Friends of the Earth (E, W & NI),
    Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain.
•   6 September: “A response by The EEB, Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid
    Rain, Friends of the Earth (E, W & NI) to Draft EGTEI Background Document

                                                                                 27
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

    on Combustion Sector (Part 1: Plants > 500 MWth)” submitted to
    Commission.
•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.3.6
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_3.pdf


Results

Despite being detailed and well-researched, most of EEB’s comments were not
taken up in the final report, possibly because our comments regarding SO2 and
NOx emissions trading were critical. The report is less relevant politically for the
time being, as the Commission decided not to revise the LCP Directive at
present.

Regarding the EGTEI paper, our input resulted in strong criticism of EGTEI using
industry-based figures on cost and emissions abatement potential for this
computer model analysis. EGTEI responded to our comments and asked us to
discuss our position. Despite discussions our differences remain.


Special focus: EMISSIONS FROM CARS AND LIGHT DUTY VEHICLES

The Commission launched a High-Level WG, CARs21, covering the automotive
regulatory framework for the next decade. It also proposed Euro 5 standards for
cars and light-duty vehicles after delaying this Directive proposal for over a year.

On Cars 21, EEB, with other NGOs, submitted a paper following public
consultation on the Internet, which followed informal discussions of ‘Low Level
Group Cars 21’ organised by MEP Dorette Corbey. On Euro 5, EEB repeatedly
called for adoption of the Euro 5 proposal in the context of the Thematic Strategy
and responded to the Internet consultation regarding the draft proposal.

Meetings

Several meetings with NGOs
• 14 March: Low level group Car21 (discussion with MEP Dorette Corbey)
• 5 April: EURO 5 workshop FIA/Bavarian Perm Rep
• 28 September: Meeting with DUH and German Environment Agency on
   EURO5. Aim: info exchange on technical questions on car emissions.

Publications

•   15 April: Public Consultation: The Automotive Regulatory Framework in the
    Next 10 years. Reply from European Federation for Transport and
    Environment, Verkehrsclub Deutschland, Stichting Natuur en Milieu, EEB
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/2005-
       04_cars21_consultation_ngo_comments.pdf

                                                                                       28
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   9 September: Comments by EEB to Commission’s draft proposals for Euro 5,
    EEB submission to Internet consultation by DG Enterprise
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/EEB%20submission%20Euro5.pdf
•   21 December: Environmental Groups' Reaction to EU Car Emissions
    Proposal (EURO 5)
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_env_groups_reaction_to_EURO5_2112
       05.htm
•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.3.5
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_3.pdf

Results

Influencing Cars 21 was very difficult.

The Euro 5 proposal remained unambitious, particularly on NOx limit values. The
Internet consultation on Euro 5 occurred over the holiday season and was very
expert-oriented. This made it difficult to encourage wide NGO input.

EEB Members were active, giving input to the European policy-debate. We also
worked with T&E on these dossiers.


1.f. Noise

Aims for 2005

•   Support Europe-wide networking by national noise organisations.
•   Involvement in follow-up on Framework Directive on Noise, particularly noise
    around airports.


Activities Envisaged

•   Coordinate activities of EEB representatives in
    Commission advisory wgs
•   Coordinate dedicated list-server to serve network of
    national noise organisations.


Activities Accomplished

In March, EEB’s Policy Officer and one expert participated in the Noise Steering
Group, coordinated with T&E, also present. During discussions, EEB commented
on (among other things) the draft methodology for assessing noise around
airports. We also participated in one stakeholder meeting on outdoor machinery,
but did not follow-up this issue.


                                                                               29
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

In June we met member organisation, DAL, before they met the President of
EP’s Envi Committee about implementing the Noise Framework Directive.

Participation in events and meetings

•   18 March: Noise Steering Group
•   21 March: Meeting noise outdoor machinery
•   Several meetings with EEB embers/representatives and T&E.

Results

We did not manage to follow the revision of the Directive on outdoor machinery
owing to lack of staff capacity and insufficient WG response.



1.g. Waste policies



Activities Envisaged

•   The EEB will continue the coordination and support of its EEB Waste Working
    Group, which is to meet twice a year.


Activities Accomplished

At the end of 2005, the Working Group had 98 people on the list-server. It had
one meeting in April, with 22 member organisations represented. There were
guest speakers and observers from public authorities and environment ministries,
consultancies and companies. It met once more in December, with 29 EEB
organisation representatives, and speakers from industry, government and
consultancies. A report is available.

Members gave feedback to the office on positions and became particularly active
when the Thematic Strategy on Waste came out at the end of the year. Members
were also quite active in compiling the landfill implementation snapshot report.
Several groups were also active lobbying for political support for our demand for
a biowaste Directive.

A general capacity building event for new Member States’ organisations in the
region was held in Budapest on 9-10 June. Successful links were created with
Czech, Slovene and Slovak groups.

Outside of the scope of the programme, the EEB also followed discussions on
Waste Oils, and on 1st March, it took part in a workshop on Waste Oils at the
European Parliament. It worked with the waste oil regeneration industry.
                                                                                 30
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005


Specific activities

•   28-29 April: EEB Waste Working Group workshop in Brussels – This group
    discussed national government positions on the Waste Framework Directive
    revision, the EC’s proposal on recovery criteria (with input from FEAD and
    Ökopol), Update on Waste Shipment Regulation, Proposed merger of
    Hazardous Waste Directive into Waste FWD – Speakers also from OVAM,
    DEFRA, EP, SARP – 28 participants – minutes available.
•   June/July: EEB adapted the Committee of Regions Questionnaire on the
    implementation of the Landfill Directive and asked the EEB waste working
    group members to fill it in. The intention was to create an implementation
    snapshot report on the Landfill Directive for input to the COR report and the
    Commission’s own work on implementation.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/landfill/snapshot-report-landfill-
        directive-August2005.pdf
•   30 October: EEB spoke at FEAD annual conference in Hungary
•   8 November: EEB attended a Danish Society for Nature Conservation (DN)
    waste working group meeting in Copenhagen
•   10 November: the EEB held a capacity building workshop on waste policy at
    HUMUSZ (Waste Reduction Alliance – and EEB-Member) offices in Budapest
•   16-17 December: Second EEB Waste working group meeting – Agenda
    including: overview on waste campaigns, the waste strategy package, the
    Thematic Strategy on Natural Resources, Biomass and Biofuels,
    Implementation of Structural funds in the new Member States, Perspectives
    on the new Waste Strategy and the amended Waste FWD, Priority waste
    issues, Prevention, Packaging – Speakers from FEAD, FFact, Austrian EPA –
    31 participants – minutes available.

External / informal meetings

•   9 February: the EEB attended the OECD meeting on Waste.
•   28 February: The EEB attended a workshop on ship scrapping organised by
    Greenpeace and T&E
•   1 March: EEB Presentation at the EP seminar – “The beginning of the end”
•   May: input given to the chemicals campaigners on potential amendments for
    EP ENVI vote concerning the crossover between REACH and
    wastes/recycled materials.
•   9 June: the EEB spoke at the Hungarian member HUMUSZ Waste
    Prevention Conference.
•   28 June: EEB presented and participated in panel at COR debate on Landfill
    Directive implementation reports.
•   6 October: EEB met German Environment ministry (Mrs Berg) on Waste and
    Water policies.
•   13 October: EEB and Green Alliance met UK Env Ministry DEFRA concerning
    waste policies
•   30 November: EEB Secretary General took part in conference about Landfill
    problematics, and presented EEB’s snapshot report.
                                                                               31
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005


Publications

•   The Quality of National Implementation of the Waste Landfill Directive –
    Snapshot report – 750 copies
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/landfill/snapshot-report-landfill-
        directive-August2005.pdf
•   An ECOS position paper on the CEN SRF standard was prepared and
    translated by ECOS and ECOS expert with support of the EEB Policy Officer
        http://www.ecostandard.org/downloads_a/ecos_position_paper_on_srf_st
        andard_2005.pdf
•   EEB Presentation at the EP seminar – The beginning of the end – 1 March
    2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/waste_oils/EEB-on-WOs-EP-seminar-
        March2005.pdf

Waste in General EEB Documents

•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.4
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_4.pdf

Results

The EEB had some impact on specific issues, see below, but suffered from the
presence of several dossiers on the table simultaneously, the technical nature of
some, other European NGOs’ lack of involvement, and the difference of opinion
between the EEB and the Commission about some fundamental issues.

EEB’s working group on waste continued to be well represented with 98 people
on the list-server, and 22 and 29 participants in the two meetings held.

We did not succeed in stopping the Commission from proposing the repeal of the
Waste Oil Directive.


1.g.1. Waste Management Policies

Aims for 2005

•   To ensure full respect for the obligations of the Basle Convention on
    transboundary shipments of waste to non-OECD countries and support for
    the EU Waste Hierarchy.
•   To ensure prevention of ‘eco-dumping’ by ensuring the right of Member
    States to object to waste shipments to lower-standard waste treatment
    facilities.
•   To ensure NGOs’ participation at the meetings of national correspondents on
    the implementation of the Waste Shipment Regulation.

                                                                                32
                                EEB - Activities Report 2005



    Activities Envisaged

    •    to co-ordinate EEB members' involvement in the revision co-
         decision process – second reading.
    •    to contribute to the revision process by providing EEB inputs to the
         Commission, Parliament and Council.
    •    to co-operate with Basle Action Network (BAN) on the full
         implementation of the Basle Convention by the revised regulation.


Activities Accomplished

•       All work was focussed on the EP 2nd reading. It consisted of informal contacts
        with key MEPs (rapporteur – shadow rapporteurs – their assistants).
        The Rapporteur’s assistant gave an update to EEB members on the second
        reading at EEB’s April Waste Working Group workshop

Publications

•       EEB prepared a resume of the main priorities for the EP second reading ENVI
        report and presented this to some of the shadows.

Waste Shipment in General EEB Documents

•       EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.4.2.4.4
          http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_4.pdf
•       EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
          http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•       EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
          http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
          June05.pdf

Results

The EEB was successful in achieving some improvements to the regulation
regarding NGO participation and enforcement.


1.g.2. Specific Waste Stream policies

1.g.2.a. Batteries Directive

Aims for 2005

•       To ensure the revised Directive fully implements the producer responsibility
        principle, with the establishment of take-back systems and ambitious recovery
                                                                                    33
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

    targets.
•   To introduce a ban on the use of nicd batteries.


Activities Envisaged

•   To co-ordinate EEB members’ involvement in the revision process.
•   To contribute to the revision process by providing EEB inputs to the
    Commission, Parliament and the Council



Activities Accomplished

•   17 November: voting recommendations for EP second reading Environment
    committee vote (22 November)


Publications

•   12 December: EEB and Greenpeace voting recommendations on the
    Blokland report on batteries and accumulators (vote 13 December)
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/batteries/EEB-Greenpeace-voting-
       recomendations-PLENARY-vote-batteries-121205.pdf


Results

Time constraints prevented us from working on this issue as much as we wanted.
We were not able to strengthen the Cadmium ban, as we wanted.


1.g.2.b. Directive on biodegradable waste and Revision of the sewage sludge
         Directive


Aims for 2005
• To ensure a biowaste Directive will be adopted, with the inclusion of a
   mandatory requirement for separate collection of biodegradable waste for the
   production of high-quality composting.
•     To ensure the adoption of the revised sludge Directive, recognising the
   importance of proper treatment, and namely biological treatment, in order
   toensure the following: change of biochemical features of the compost
   material, stabilisation of organic matter, and binding of nitrogen in organic
   form.




                                                                              34
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005


Activities Accomplished

Biowaste

In January-July EEB was involved in intensive Biowaste coalition coordination
work, including telephone conferences, with ASSURE, ISWA, FEAD, ECN as
well as meetings with the Cabinet of the Environment Commissioner and
dialogue with individual Member States to challenge the absence of preparatory
work for a Directive. This included:
• 13 June: EEB Secretary General led meeting of Biowaste coalition members
    with Commissioner Dimas to promote a Biowaste Directive.


Sewage Sludge

•   no activities, as there was no political debate.

Publications

•   6 April: EEB wrote a joint letter to Commissioner Dimas with the Biowaste
    coalition – FEAD, ASSURE, ECN and Iswa and RReuse
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/composting/Biowaste-Directive-
        concerns-060405.pdf
        see also press release – Environmental and social groups, Waste
        Managers, Local Authorities and Industry united in concern over the
        Commission's plan to drop Biowaste Directive
        http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_Biowaste_140405.pdf
•   14 June: Press release – Broad coalition united in concern over the
    Commission's plan to drop Biowaste Directive meets Commissioner Dimas
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_coalition_meets_Dimas_on_biowaste_d
        irective_140605.htm
•   27 June: Biowaste coalition wrote a joint letter to commissioner Dimas
    following up from the coalition’s meeting
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/composting/DIMAS-follow-up-letter-
        270605.pdf
•   2 November: Press release from Biowaste-coalition – Stakeholders
    disappointed that Commission back down on strategic biowaste legislation
    (includes Annex 1a and Annex 1b)
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Biowaste-coalition-press-release-
        021105.pdf

Results

While we raised the profile for the issue, and established an interesting coalition
with different sections of the waste management industry, we did not manage to
convince the Commission to come forward with the Directive.


                                                                                  35
                               EEB - Activities Report 2005



1.g.2.c. Packaging Directive and prevention

Aims for 2005

•     To ensure future revisions of the packaging Directive have good background
      studies to support concrete measures on prevention, in particular re-use
•     To maintain counter-action pressure on the roll-back on re-use at the EU
      level.



    Activities Envisaged
    • To follow and provide input to the packaging prevention
       study and Commission report thereof
    • To follow the re-use rollback activities, build alliances with
       re-use actors and provide support for national activities
       fighting re-use rollback at the EU level



Activities Accomplished

•     June/July: EEB asked experts for an internal criticism paper on the
      Packaging Prevention and Reuse Study (PIRA)

External / Informal Meetings

•     16 March: EEB gave presentation at EU Packaging Conference.
•     23 June: EEB gave presentation at UK plastic packaging recyclers’ AGM –
      RECOOP.

Publications

•     22 February: Press release about packaging standards – “Commission
      encourages increases in packaging waste!”
         http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_packaging_waste_220205.htm


1.g.2.d. Proposal for a Mining Waste Directive


Activities Accomplished

•     EEB supported WWF in producing recommendations and briefings for EP
      second reading ENVI COM vote.

                                                                                36
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Publications

•   18 May: WWF and EEB recommendations to MEP briefing - Environment
    Committee 24th May on Directive on the management of waste from the
    extractive industries
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/mining_waste/WWF-EEB-mining-
       waste-ENVICee-debate-2nd-reading-briefing-May2005.pdf
•   30 June: EEB and WWF analysis of amendments tabled for 2nd reading on
    Directive on the management of waste from the extractive industries
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/mining_waste/WWF_EEB_MWD_2nd_
       reading_amendments_summary_300605.pdf
•   2 September: WWF-EEB Briefing for MEPs on key amendments on Directive
    on the management of waste from the extractive industries
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/mining_waste/WWF-EEB-Mining-
       Waste-Directive-2nd-reading-Plenary-briefing-020905.pdf
•   10 October: WWF-EEB Briefing for priority 2nd Reading amendments to the
    Mining Waste Directive
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/mining_waste/MWD-conciliation-
       briefing-WWF-EEB-101005.pdf

Results

The main issue was the scope of the Directive. The EP did not follow us in this.



1.g.3. Implementation of existing Waste Directives


Activities Accomplished

Regarding End-of-Life Vehicles Directive

Activities / meetings

•   June, July, September and October: EEB and experts attended a range of
    WGs and Sg meetings as part of the Stakeholder consultation on the ELV
    Directive 2015 targets.
•   15 November: EEB sent preliminary comments on final report of ELV
    Directive 2015 stakeholder consultation report.

Regarding Waste from Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and
Regulation on Hazardous Substances (ROHS) – EU level implementation

Activities / meetings

•   5 July: EEB gave keynote speech at INSEAD IPR workshop on the
    background on IPR in WEEE.
                                                                                   37
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005



Publications

•   March: Press-Release on WEEE comitology process – “Commission risks
    credibility in its implementation of electronic products safety rules”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_commission_risks_credibility_on_electronic_s
        afety_rules_180305.htm
•   15 November: EEB brief comment on the stakeholder consultation on the
    review of the 2015 targets on reuse, recovery and recycling of end-of-life
    vehicles in Directive 2000/53/EC and the final report of 4 November 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/EEB-comment-to-TAC-on-ELV2015-
        targets-stakeholder-report-151105.pdf


Results

On ELV the results remain to be seen. EEB is giving support to DG Environment.

On WEEE Directive and ROHS the vast experience of the EEB on this issue
helped us to intervene when attempts were made to exempt additional
applications from the WEEE and ROHS and to lift the ban on DECA BDE flame
retardants. We were able to give substantial support to the EP in this case.

EEB was also involved in Standardisation work via ECOS.


1.h. Mercury


Activities Envisaged

With one full-time coordinator and a part-time campaigner in Spain
(Ecologistas en Acción):
• Take part in the discussions at EU level - Community Strategy on
   Mercury
• Activities in Spain - Stop mercury mining and trade in Almadén, where
   the biggest mercury mine in the world is situated. . The owner
   company, MAYASA, is collecting and trading internationally.
• Take part in the process at International and UNEP level - Push
   towards a global legally binding solution at the UNEP Governing
   Council, end February 2005.
• Support four environmental organisations in affected developing
   countries for active involvement related to mercury policies.




                                                                               38
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


Activities Accomplished

Organisational issues

Once funding from the Sigrid Rausing Trust was confirmed, a coordinator was
hired to manage and coordinate the project. The project started officially on 1
November 2004.

A steering group was formed mainly with NGOs working on the issue since 2002
including BAN, Mercury Policy Project, Natural Resources Defence Council,
Greenpeace Europe and later on European Public Health Alliance Environment
Network (EPHA EN) and Health Care Without Harm.

Networking

The EEB has joined Ban Hg WG, and is collaborating closely with the
international coalition. Together they are trying to build upon existing networks to
create a global network.

A European network of NGOs working on mercury was created. NGOs from 16
EU Member States are represented. The network includes 23 people from EEB
and another 24 from non-EEB member EU NGOs. At European level there is
close collaboration with the European Public Health Alliance Environment
Network, which also follows the mercury issue from a health point of view.

EEB has also been in contact with worldwide environment and health NGOs
working on mercury, and set up a non-EU list including representatives from
USA, India, China, Brazil, South Africa, Mongolia, French Guiana, Peru,
Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, Canada, the Philippines and Algeria. The group
numbers 52 people. We have also established close contacts with relevant
officials from the Commission (DG Environment and DG Enterprise), the Council
(Environment Ministers and Environment Delegates of Member States in
Brussels) and the EP. At international level, contacts have been made with the
UNEP and UNECE secretariats and the relevant industries.

Website

A new website was launched in July covering the Zero Mercury campaign and all
related activities – www.zeromercury.org. It contains developments on all levels
of the project as described below plus all relevant documents. All documents
mentioned below can be found at this website.


Activities in 2005 during Phase 1 (until 1 November)

The campaign moved along four levels, with complementary activities towards
the same goal:

                                                                                  39
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005


1. Taking part in discussions at EU level – Community Strategy on Mercury

•   18 January: Since Commission did not publish EU Strategy on mercury in
    2004 and further delays feared, EEB and other NGOs produced press release
    on delay.
•   20 January: Arnika (Czech Rep), partner in campaign, organised event
    opposite venue where Eurochlor, European Chlor-alkali federation, held
    seminar, mainly for members. EEB, Arnika, other NGOs handed letter to
    seminar participants.
•   31 January: press release issued on day EU Strategy published.
•   22 April: EEB International conference "Towards a Mercury Free World" in
    Madrid. list of speakers and panelists included (representatives from)
    Commission, Spanish Environment Ministry, President of MAYASA (Spanish
    mercury mine), Executive Director of Eurochlor, Swedish Ministry for
    Sustainable Development, Josef Stefan Institute-Slovenia, NGO
    representatives from EU and developing countries. Over 80 people
    participated, including representatives of other EU Ministries of Environment
    and Health, local authorities, scientists and journalists. Programme focused
    on health effects of mercury, mercury flows: uses and releases, mercury in
    developing world, mercury at global dimension – UNEP Governing Council
    decisions, progressive national examples on regulating mercury.
•   21 April: delegation of NGOs visited mercury mines in Almadén, Spain.
•   22 April press conference occurred during conference. press release sent to
    Spanish and European media.
•   23 April: conference followed by NGO strategy meeting. Views of NGOs and
    arguments behind issues covered by EU Strategy on Mercury were
    discussed. Provided input for developing NGO policy document on mercury.
•   11 May: letter to Member States’ Environment Delegates about urgent need
    for EU mercury export ban.
•   12 May: press release followed on the above issue. Press release was also
    sent out in British, German and Polish press.
•   25 May: fax to Member State Perm Reps reiterating need for EU mercury
    export ban, in view of COREPER meeting on 25-26 May, where mercury on
    agenda.
•   25 May: press release followed above.
•   Since mercury export ban was most important issue in Council debate EEB
    suggested NGOs from international network and mainly from developing
    countries write to EU Environment Ministers. To that end Healthcare Without
    Harm wrote to EU Environment ministers signed by all their offices worldwide.
    Toxics Link from India also wrote on issue to all EU ambassadors in India
    asking them to pass on message to governments. ACPO from Brazil wrote to
    EU Environment Ministers demanding EU mercury export ban.
•   26 May: Letter covering all issues of mercury strategy sent to EU
    Environment Ministers. Also meetings and calls with Environment delegates
    from Member states plus Presidency (Luxembourg).


                                                                               40
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   3 June: NGOs’ comments sent to EC in response to working document for
    preparation of proposal for Directive on restrictions on marketing certain
    measuring devices containing mercury, published by DG Enterprise
•   3 June: press release to support above comments.
•   23 June: EEB gave presentation at reception on its mercury demands,in
    Luxembourg. Remich organised by Greenpeace to meet Envi Council
    representatives on eve of Ministerial meeting.
•   Re: Directive, EEB launched call to all Members and other European
    organisations working on mercury to contact ministries and apply pressure, so
    national comments supporting our case would be sent to EC. 12 Member
    States contacted on issue, which is still open.
•   24 June: Press release post-Evironment Council: “Environment Council
    makes positive but cautious steps towards ending mercury pollution at EU
    and global level”
•   29 June: first meeting with EP Assistant of Rapporteur on EU Strategy on
    Mercury. Further meetings in September and October.
•   8 September: Commission meeting on proposed EU mercury export ban and
    storage. EEB/NGOs attended with five-person delegation.
•   3 October: Submission of coaltion’s comments to EC on export ban and
    storage.
•   14-15 October: EEB and EPHA Environment Network organised, in Brussels,
    International Environmental and Health NGOs meeting on mercury, to
    examine potential collaboration between organisations beyond national
    borders, on environmental and health issues related to mercury at all levels.
    30 people participated.
•   27 October: provision of environmental and Health NGOs' comments to
    stakeholder consultation by Commission on Adaptation to scientific and
    technical progress under Directive 2002/95/EC on restricting use of certain
    hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. Aim: possible
    amendment of annex.

2. Activities in Spain – Stop mercury mining and trade in Almadén

•   World’s biggest mercury mine is in Almadén, Spain. The owner, MAYASA,
    collects and trades (mainly to developing countries) mercury from Western
    Europe decommissioned chlor-alkali plants (using mercury-cell process, not
    considered to be BAT (1) under IPPC (2) and will have to be replaced). EEB
    working with Spanish Member Ecologistas en Acción (EeA) to support EU
    mercury export ban, preventing MAYASA from becoming world’s largest
    platform for mercury pollution and proliferation and raising awareness of
    effects of mercury export to developing countries. EeA hired campaigner to
    work on Zero Mercury campaign.
•   EeA made contact with ministries, local authorities and MAYASA, and
    provided NGOs with relevant data and information.
•   Articles, documents and press releases published in Spanish media.
•   EeA co-organised International conference and NGO meeting on mercury on
    22-23 April 2005, organised NGO visit to mercury mines at Almadén.
•   Meetings, press releases in Brussels followed.
                                                                               41
                               EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   A full report on their activities is available.

3. Taking part in the process at international and UNEP level – Push for a global
legally binding solution

•   Mercury was on UNEP Governing Council (GC) agenda end February 2005.
    EEB was to organise and coordinate worldwide NGO participation.
•   February 2005, NRDC, EEB, Greenpeace and Ban Mercury Working Group
    with support of other NGOs, submitted to UNEP Proposed Governing Council
    Decision Submitted by NGOs (also in FR).
•   18 February: press release for European, US and African press, timed for
    start of UNEP Global Civil Society Forum and UNEP Governing Council.
•   19-20 February: EEB, NRDC, Ban Mercury Working Group (MPP),
    Greenpeace, Toxics Link, ACPO, groundWork, Global Village, Beijing,
    International Indian Treaty Council attended Global Civil Society Forum,
    Nairobi
•   21-25 February: same organisations took part, as observers, in 23rd UNEP
    Governing Council in Nairobi, report from both meetings and related
    interventions available on EEB website.
•   25 February: press release sent on final decision of UNEP Governing
    Council.
•   Follow-up to 23rd UNEP Governing Council Decision: four meetings in
    relation to Mercury partnerships. Environmental NGOs attended. More
    relevant information and documents on our website. EEB attended, with US
    NGOs, Informal meeting on Mercury partnerships, organised by UNEP in
    September 2005 in Vienna.
•   To push for global instrument on mercury, followed other international fora.
•   16-17 June: EEB represented by Member VAK (Latvia) at 2nd meeting of Task
    Force on Heavy Metals under Convention for Long-Range Transboundary Air
    Pollution. Internal report produced.

4. Support environmental organisations in affected developing countries – Four
NGOs from developing countries financially assisted for active involvement

•   Five developing country NGOs representing indigenous peoples affected by
    mercury pollution, were chosen and funded to participate at UNEP GCSF and
    Governing Council in Nairobi, Kenya (February 2005). These were:
            • Toxics Link, India
            • Associação de Combate aos POPs - ACPO, Brazil
            • Global Village of Beijing, China
            • groundWork, South Africa
            • International Indian Treaty Council, USA (Alaska, California)
•   Representatives from Toxics Link, ACPO and Global Village of Beijing took
    part in international conference on mercury in Madrid; presentations of
    countries’ experiences.
•   Four organisations - Toxics Link, ACPO, Global Village of Beijing and
    groundWork - began working on mercury-related projects in own countries,

                                                                                 42
                              EEB - Activities Report 2005

    funded by EEB. Projects should contribute to European and global campaign
    and build capacity in developing countries affected by mercury.
•   Description of projects on EEB webpage on mercury. Reports about their
    activities till end of October 2005 being finalised.

Phase 2 (November 2005 – October 2006)

The second phase of the campaign began in November 2005 and will continue
until October 2006. It includes the following activities:

  Follow-up process at EU level – developments on Community Strategy on
Mercury ; strategy will be discussed at EP; two legislative proposals awaited from
EC: a) on restricting use of mercury in certain non-electrical and non-electronic
measuring and control devices (eg thermometers, barometers) and b) on EU
mercury export ban and storage of surplus mercury. Other studies/ actions,
resulting from strategy will be followed up.
• Providing input focused on chlor-alkali industry; ensure that existing mercury
   cell processes are converted swiftly to cleaner mercury-free technologies and
   that decommissioned mercury is safely stored and will not re-enter market.
   Three EU countries (Legambiente/IT, Ecologistas en Acción/SP, Arnika/CZ)
   with part-time campaigners will be pursuing activities at national political level
   with aim of establishing national commitment/law on conversion date and
   monitoring/contacting local authorities responsible for IPPC permits.
   Emissions will be measured around plants. Events will be organised and
   report will be produced.

•   Follow up process at UNEP level - Push for global legally-binding solution.
    Follow up developments after decision of UNEP Governing Council (GC) in
    2005 and prepare ground for debate for next UNEP GC, February 2007.
    Activities include cooperation worldwide with NGOs ( EU, US, developing
    countries) and input to UNEP. Also activities in other international fora.

•   Helping affected developing countries – financial assistance will continue to
    the four NGOs from developing countries for active involvement. Support to
    be given for national activities and participation at international level, to assist
    in the global campaign to Toxic Links/India, ACPO/Brazil, groundwork/South
    Africa and Global Village of Beijing/China.

During the first six weeks of the second phase, follow-up at EU level continued,
with more contact with EP in view of a planned debate on the mercury strategy.
In parallel, the three new projects focusing on the chlor-alkali campaign were
launched in Spain, Italy and the Czech Republic. Preparatory meetings had
taken place with colleagues to run local campaigns. Projects in India, China,
South Africa and Brazil continued.

29 November: In view of the unbalanced agenda of the International Seafood
and Health Conference 2005 ,a letter was sent by EEB and EEN to the sponsors
of the event, the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs and
the Icelandic Ministry of Fisheries.
                                                                                      43
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


EEB also participated in a conference call about a letter to be sent by Pollution
Probe (Canada), supported by EEB, EPHA EN, HCWH and International Ban Hg
Working Group, to the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, calling
for the development and implementation of a mercury elimination and reduction
strategy in Canada.

The publication “ZERO MERCURY - Key issues and policy recommendations for
the EU Strategy on Mercury” was finalised in December 2005 and translated into
French.

Publications

• 22 April International Conference - “Towards a Mercury –free world” Report
     In English
     http://www.zeromercury.org/EU_developments/051020Mercury_report_E
     N_final1.pdf
     In Spanish:
     http://www.zeromercury.org/EU_developments/051020Mercury_report_SP
     _final1.pdf
• December : "ZERO MERCURY - Key issues and policy recommendations for
  the EU Strategy on Mercury"
  In English: http://www.zeromercury.org/Zero_Mercury_Policy_Paper_EN.pdf
  In French: http://www.zeromercury.org/Zero_Mercury_Policy_Paper_FR.pdf

Position Papers

•   11 May: Environment and Health NGOs’ letter to EU Environment delegates
    on the EU mercury export ban
       http://10.0.0.16/position_papers/050511%20FINAL_EU_ENV_Working_Gr
       oup_Letter_Mercury.pdf
•   26 May: Environment and Health NGOs letter to EU Environment Ministers on
    the EU mercury strategy
       http://10.0.0.16/position_papers/050526FINALetter%20to%20ENV%20MI
       NISTERS.pdf
•   3 June: Environment and Health NGOs’ comments on Working Document on
    proposal for Directive on measuring and control equipment containing
    mercury
       http://10.0.0.16/position_papers/050603_NGOs_comments_WD_measuri
       ng_equipment_directive.pdf
•   3 October: Environment and Health NGOs’ comments to Commission
    regarding proposed legislation to prohibit mercury exports.
       http://10.0.0.16/EU_developments/051003%20E&H%20NGO%20Comme
       nts%20on%20EU%20Mercury%20Export%20ban-Storage.pdf
•   27 October: Environmental and Health NGOs’ response to third Stakeholder
    consultation on Adaptation to scientific and technical progress under Directive
    2002/95/EC of EP and Council on restriction of use of certain hazardous


                                                                                 44
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

    substances in electrical and electronic equipment for purpose of possible
    amendment of annex
        http://10.0.0.16/EU_developments/051027FINALNGOResponse3rdConsul
        tationROHS.pdf
•   30 November: Environment and Health NGOs’ comments on Community
    strategy on mercury
        http://10.0.0.16/EU_developments/051130latestFINAL_NGOCommentson
        Mercuryrestrategylogosonly.pdf

Press releases

•   18 January: EU Commission - delays adoption of the Mercury Strategy
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050118%20EEB-EEN-
        GP%20Commission%20delays%20Mercury%20Strategy%20final.pdf
•   31 January: EU Commission asserts leadership in addressing Global Mercury
    Pollution
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050131%20Mercury%20Strategy%20Adoption%20P
        R%20final.pdf
•   18 February: Environmental NGOs and Indigenous Nations urge immediate
    action to reduce Global Mercury Pollution at forthcoming UNEP meeting
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050218%20Final%20NGO%20PR%20UNEP%20sta
        rt.pdf
•   25 February: Governments miss chance to develop an International Strategy
    to address Global Mercury Crisis
        http://10.0.0.16/press/NRDC%20EEB%20GP%20PR%20at%20UNEP%2
        0GC%20250205%20FINAL.pdf
•   22 April: Environment and Health Groups urge Spanish Government to stop
    trading poisons for profits and close the Almadén Mercury operation
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/PR_Spanish_government_urged_to_stop_
        Mercury_trading_220405.pdf
•   11 May: Environment and Health NGOs letter to EU Environment delegates
    on the EU mercury export ban
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050511%20FINAL_EU_ENV_Working_Group_Lette
        r_Mercury.pdf
•   11 May: The world urgently needs an EU mercury export ban
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050511%20FINAL%20PR%20on%20Mercury%20b
        an.pdf
•   25 May: An EU mercury export ban is needed as soon as possible - and by
    2011 at the latest
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050525FINAL%20PR%20for%20COREPER.pdf
•   3 June: NGOs call for a broader directive restricting the use of all measuring
    and control equipment containing mercury
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050603_FINAL%20%20PR%20on%20WD%20mea
        suring%20equipment%20directive.pdf
•   24 June: Environment Council makes positive but cautious steps towards
    ending mercury pollution at EU and global level !
        http://10.0.0.16/press/050624%20Positive%20but%20cautious%20steps%
        20towards%20ending%20mercury%20pollution.pdf
                                                                                45
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


Other publications

•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 36 January 2005 (pages 7-8) – “EEB joins ‘Zero
    Mercury’, a global campaign
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH36-web.pdf

Results

All objectives were met. The Mercury policy document was finalised in December
and translated into French. The preparatory study on chlor-alkali plants has also
been finalised.
Successes on specific issues:

•   The political effectiveness of our organised approach at EU and global level
    was acknowledged and has received very positive feedback so far. This is
    evident from input requested by Member States, the Commission and EP in
    preparing reports related to EU strategy on mercury and the resulting
    legislative proposals.
•   At European level: a strong EU mercury policy was published, and with input
    even towards the end of the process, we can claim some credit, by means of
    continuous pressure over position papers, which included ensuring inclusion
    of the export ban proposal, whereas many discussions occurred on potential
    conflict with WTO rules.
•   At EU level the fact that Environment Council gave an initial political
    commitment, ”considering an EU mercury export ban as necessary, as soon
    as possible and by 2011 at the latest”, can be partly attributed to our work
    and continuous pressure to set a date for action given resistance from some
    Member States.
•   In Spain the most important event was the International Conference which
    raised public awareness and placed the issue high up the Spanish
    Government’s agenda. Work in Spain showed that policy on mercury is a
    sensitive issue worth paying attention to. We also received a high level of
    participation and a senior Government representative, the Secretary General
    of the Ministry of the Environment, at the International Conference on
    Mercury (Madrid, April 2005).
•   EEB called on its Members to contact representatives of national ministries to
    apply pressure over the Commission proposal restricting the use of mercury
    in measuring and control equipment. Reaction was immediate: over half the
    Member States were contacted, and comments sent to the EC from national
    ministries as a result. Unfortunately our comments appear not to have been
    taken up at EC level, mainly for administrative reasons.
•   EEB also asked the international coalition, principally in developing countries,
    to write to EU Governments pressing for an EU mercury export ban. Letters
    were sent to all EU Embassies in India to pass on the request to their
    governments. Brazilian NGOs and Health Care Without Harm directly
    targeted EU Environment Ministers. Environment ministers made a political


                                                                                  46
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

    commitment on the need for an EU mercury export ban as soon as possible
    and by 2011 at the latest.
•   Our views were almost entirely adopted by the Rapporteur of the EP’s
    Environment Committee, while preparing a draft opinion on the EU mercury
    strategy, following continuous contacts.
•   At global/UNEP level, an NGO idea of a global report on trade flows was
    adopted by Canada (who tabled it and acknowledged the source!) and was
    adopted by the whole UNEP Governing Council, also becoming the highlight
    of UNEP GC meeting’s conclusions (see relevant UNEP press releases).
•   EEB applied pressure in UNEP negotiations, where relatively specific
    objectives were finally adopted after our continuous pressure.
•   Interest in mercury is growing. A new position has been created in a
    Brussels-based NGO to work on mercury. NGOs such as Health Care
    Without Harm are about to adopt a strategy to work on mercury.
•   Our efforts on identifying NGOs from developing countries and reaching
    agreement on their projects has so far paid off; they were already active at
    the UNEP meeting in Nairobi; at the European campaign, they made a
    difference in discussions in Madrid raising the negative effects of mercury in
    their countries resulting from “EU” mercury; have begun to develop local
    networks, signing declarations, sending letters and making contacts with their
    governments regarding global negotiations.
•   Acknowledgement on bridging gaps and exchanging information amongst
    key players to mobilise them for action at EU and global level.
•   Raising awareness among EU and global media, following our press releases
    and presence at events.

Successes with our NGO contacts

•    EEB’s and the coalition’s work was recognised by European and non-
     European NGOs; we began creating the network. Others then became
     interested and asked to be included.
•   Some EEB WG members have become much more active, giving good
    technical input on political developments in different fora and at national level.
•   EEB’s work on mercury has also encouraged Members to be more involved
    in national events on mercury, eg in Finland.
•   EEB Member colleagues represented EE bar relevant meetings.
•   Many EEB and other groups’ members sourced information on aspects of
    mercury and other issues for their national work and campaigns.
•   At EU level excellent contacts established with health NGOs EPHA EEN,
    Health Care Without Harm, where work is complementary. We collaborated
    on press releases and position papers.
•   We have continuously worked as a team with international coalition Ban Hg
    WG and MPP. Feedback from all groups, MPP, BAN, NRDC, was positive
    regarding our work how we cover all issues/ contacts and report back.
•   NGOs from developing countries have been enthusiastic working with us and
    swiftly joined the team in developing substantive views and activities.


                                                                                    47
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Successes on our contacts with authorities

•   EEB and the coalition’s work have been recognised at EU level, where we
    established a platform and source of information. Owing to changes in the EC,
    we are now in close contact with the Commission, DG ENV: they consult us
    on issues including experts, contacts, other sources of information. Similar
    contacts have been established with DG ENTR who will be handling two
    legislative proposals resulting from the strategy. The DGs have also
    exchanged information via EEB, but sources are never revealed.
•   EP responded similarly. The Rapporteur has worked with us and was keen to
    learn our views on EU strategy issues. They have also contacted us for
    further information and explanation of technical issues.
•   At Council level, close contact with Member State representatives. Information
    and views exchanged.
•   Globally, coalition’s work amply recognised. In Nairobi we received positive
    comments on our strategic approach from UNEP. Our voice was heard at
    GCSF and our views/proposals on mercury adopted by whole meeting.
•   During UNEP negotiations on mercury programme, received positive
    feedback on our contribution from several government delegations.
    Emphasised EEB’s highly successful approach. We have been a catalyst in
    discussions between main players, G77, EU and Canada. Numerous bilateral
    meetings occurred. When countries had difficulties they came to us for
    advice/fresh ideas.

Successes in our media contacts

•   European media have acknowledged our work in articles and follow-up calls.
•   Journalists called us in Nairobi to track developments..
•   Journalists also contacted us on our views on Council conclusions on
    mercury, and asked us to write an article.


2. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY INTEGRATION

2.a. Sustainable Development

Aims for 2005

•   Ensure Spring Summits make progress in further design of EU SDS, by, inter
    alia, combining the right headline indicators with ambitious targets and
    timetables, taking concrete steps to integrate environmental concerns in
    subsidy policies, taxation, public procurement, and reforming EU economic
    and trade policies so they concur with EU’s environmental objectives.
•   Urge that 2005 Spring Summit makes Sustainable Development the
    overarching objective of Lisbon Process, to reinforce environmental
    dimension of sustainable development.


                                                                                48
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   Continue to persuade EU political leaders to translate their commitment to
    sustainable development into tangible progress towards major investment in,
    particularly, public urban transport and social housing, as real contributions to
    Sustainable Development.
•   Ensure Spring Summits are succeeded by serious work in all Councils and
    the Commission, leading to measurable progress for report to each next
    Spring Summit.
•   Maintain and further promote involvement of non-environmental organisations
    in pressure for sustainable development policies that give the necessary
    priority to the environment while also fulfilling social objectives of EU society
    using appropriate economic incentives.
•   Promote public procurement as tool for sustainable development.

     Activities Envisaged

     •   Hold two meetings at appropriate intervals with EEB Board
         and other interested EEB Members to discuss EEB strategy
         in this field.
     •   Closely follow the activities of Presidencies, Councils and
         the Commission. Work with, in particular, the ETUC and
         Social Platform on common response to Commission's
         synthesis report for 2005 Spring Summit.
     •   Organise active EEB involvement in (last phase of) review
         of Commission’s Sustainable Development Strategy as well
         as in formulation of Strategy adopted by new Commission.
     •   Prepare and distribute EEB positions for Commission’s
         preparation for 2006 Spring Report (autumn 2005) and for
         Spring Summit. Continue discussion with EU institutions on
         headline indicators.
     •   Regularly report on this process in Metamorphosis.
     •   Take active part in coalition of ngos and Trade Unions that
         will start, end of 2004, a campaign to promote green and
         socially responsible transportation of the new Directives on
         Public Procurement and the ambitious implementation of
         such green and socially responsible procurement practices
         by authorities at all levels in the EU.



Activities Accomplished

Lisbon Process

Spring Group

•   Meetings and cooperation with the European Trade Union Confederation
    (ETUC) and the Platform of European Social NGOs (Social Platform)

                                                                                   49
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

    continued. We have kept each other informed about anything relevant to SDS
    and Lisbon. In this framework, EEB also had close contacts with ETUC about
    REACH which, EEB believes, has helped to keep the ETUC as a supporter of
    REACH, despite the pressure, also inside.
•   11 January: joint letter to Commission President Barroso, to highlight our
    common ideas for the 2005-2009 strategy the Commission was preparing.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/letter-barroso-etuc-
        eeb-platform-110105.pdf
•   9 March: joint letter to Commission, Council etc about the 2005 Spring
    Summit
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/spring-statement-
        final-090305.pdf
•   21 March: Make Lisbon work for Sustainable Development – EEB, ETUC and
    Social Platform joint statement to the 2005 Spring Summit
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Lisbon-SD-EEB-ETUC-SocPlatform-
        210305.pdf
•   21 March: Pour faire de Lisbonne un vecteur du développement durable –
    déclaration conjointe du BEE, de la CES et de la Plateforme des ONG
    sociales européennes
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Lisbonne-DD-EEB-ETUC-SocPlatform-
        210305.pdf
•   End of 2005 preparations started for joint conference, in March 2006. This
    included exchanging information and ideas on feedback from national
    organisations on the National Reform Programmes.

EEB on its own and with other environmental organisations

EEB regularly updated a core-group of Members (“EU-correspondents”) about
developments and provided detailed suggestions on how they might help
generate the necessary support with Prime Ministers on ‘greening’ the Lisbon
Process. EEB built on its previous work in 2004, analysing outcomes of the Kok
report. It also told partners in the Green-9 (later Green-10) about developments
and sought their support for specific activities, mainly to send messages to
decision-makers.

•   10 February: meeting EEB delegation with Prime Minister Juncker of
    Luxembourg to discuss the necessary green character of the upcoming
    Spring Summit. And following press release
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_environmentalists_advice_spring-
        council_100205.htm
•   18 February: Paper from the EEB towards the Spring Summit
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/The-Spring-
        Summit-and-Europe-Environment-240205.pdf also in French:
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/eeb-position-
        spring-summit-final-FR-240205.pdf
•   25 February: Conference in Luxembourg: “The Spring Summit and Europe’s
    environment”. In morning session, presentations about the economic impact
    of environmental policies, tax reform, subsidies reform and procurement. In
                                                                                  50
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

    the afternoon key-note speech from Commissioner Dimas and a panel with
    two Luxembourg MEPs (Turmes, Goebbels), two Luxembourg Ministers
    (Schmidt and Lux) and EEB’s Secretary General. 148 participants. Report
    produced (including agenda and presentations):
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/events/Luxembour
       g-conf-report-August2005.pdf

       See also press-release:
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_luxembourg_lisbon_strategy_250205.ht
       m
•   8 March: EEB Secretary General spoke at event in Luxembourg on
    Constitution and Spring Summit, organised by Mouvement Ecologique (EEB-
    member).
•   15 March: EEB Secretary General was part of small G-9 delegation (John,
    Tony, Martin, Genon) in meeting with Commission President Barroso to
    discuss the Lisbon Process and Sustainable Development. Afterwards G-9
    sent Barroso letter confirming some of our main messages.
•   17 March: EEB observed the “First Parliamentary Meeting on the Lisbon
    Strategy”; with Commission President Barroso. Outcome: clarity of the role
    and position of the 25 national parliaments in relation to Lisbon as
    contribution to our work on Lisbon Guidelines.
•   22 March: G-9 press-release ahead of Spring Council: “Environmental NGOs:
    Make Europe the most resource and energy efficient economy in the world”.
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/20050322-G9-on-Lisbon-strategy.pdf
•   23 March: positive Press-release on outcome Summit: “European Summit
    Confirms Environmental Dimension of Lisbon Process - but remains vague on
    what that means”.
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_european_summit_23_03_05.htm

Special focus on Integrated Guidelines and National Reform Programmes

Following the Spring Summit the EEB concentrated on the Integrated Guidelines
the Commission was preparing, to help translate the Lisbon objectives into
advice for national governments, for use in National Reform Programmes.

EEB had close contact with the Commission and the Luxembourg Presidency to
find out what was planned and to influence the outcome.

•   31 March: Meeting Green-9 with Commissioner Dimas, also to discuss
    outcome of Spring Summit.
•   4 April: EEB Secretary General speaks with Dimas over the phone, to discuss
    possible improvements of the Integrated Guidelines which were being
    prepared in the Commission. From then on the Secretary General was in
    regular contact with the Cabinet about drafting these Guidelines. Parts of the
    EEB’s proposals were used by the Cabinet but far less remained in the final
    version.
•   14 April: press release on draft Commission guidelines:
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_ignores_spring_summit_c
       onclusions_140405.htm
                                                                                51
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   15 April and 29 April: letters to Ecofin and Competitiveness Council calling for
    improvements on integrated guidelines.
•   27 April: gave introduction about Lisbon process at Ecolo event, Brussels.
•   6 June: EEB seminar on SDS (see more below) included information
    exchange and discussions on the Integrated Guidelines and the National
    Reform Programmes.
•   July: production of a Toolkit to assist environmental organisations involved in
    drafting National Reform Programmes, distribution to environmental
    organisations inside and outside EEB, and national environment ministries
    (electronically).
         http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/toolkit-final-
         version-260705.pdf
•   23 November: EEB Secretary General met Gerrit de Graaf, new head of Unit
    at Secretariat-General responsible for the Lisbon and SD Strategies. From
    then on close contacts with Commission Sec Gen office in order to receive
    copies of the National Reform Programmes.
•   In the autumn, the EEB office approached EEB members to discover extent
    of involvement in producing of National Reform Programmes, and what they
    felt about the results. The feedback started coming in end 2005, but only in
    2006 was a report published.

Sustainable Development

•   28 January: EEB responds to the “Strategic Objectives 2005-2009" published
    by the Commission with a letter to Commission President Barroso
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/letter-Barroso-on-
        strategic- objectives-280105.pdf
     and a press release: “Commission's future plans put environment in the
     wrong division”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_future_plans_280105.htm
•   9 February: EEB coordinates press release of nine environmental groups,
    responding to the Commission's interim report on the implementation of the
    EU Sustainable Development Strategy today: “Sustainable Development not
    just for longer term!”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_g9_sustainable_development_090105.
        htm
•   2 March: EEB Secretary General took part in roundtable on Sustainable
    Consumption organised by World Watch Institute, Brussels.
•   14 March: “Delivering Sustainable Development” Roundtable. Exchange of
    views between ‘Brussels’ (represented by EEB, UK Perm Rep, ECOSOC,
    Commission, CEMR) and the UK’s local government international bureau on
    how to achieve Sustainable Development at EU level and what the local level
    can/should do.
•   16 March: EEB Secretary General gave a Sustainable Development lecture to
    French officials, in Paris.
•   14-15 April: EEB took part in hearing organised by Economic and Social
    Committee on the SDS review. Specific input on quality of Impact


                                                                                  52
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

    Assessments. EEB chaired a working session on “How to use IA as a tool for
    Sustainable Development”.
•   19-20 April: EEB took part in two-day conference about Eco-Innovation
    organised by the European Environmental Agency, in Copenhagen.
•   29 April: EEB led G9 meeting with Mrs. Dalby of Commission Secretary
    General to present ideas for the Review and the Declaration. Before the
    meeting EEB sent provisional compilation of comments to the draft SD
    declaration and input for the SDS-review. After the meeting more complete
    versions were sent (11/05) on the review [this was later replaced by a G-10
    paper].
•   14 May: EEB Secretary General gave presentation about Sustainable
    Development Strategy to civil servants from Northern Cyprus at course in
    Brussels.
•   25 May: EEB initiated G-9 press release: “Environmental NGOs: Declaration
    on sustainable development must lead to smart economic development”.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/G9-sustainable-
        development-250505.pdf
•   1 June: EEB Secretary General spoke at conference in Prague about the EU
    SDS.
•   6 June: EEB seminar to discuss the preparations for the reviewed SDS and
    the Declaration on Guiding Principles for Sustainable Development (in
    preparation for adoption at the June Summit). Speakers included Mrs.
    Catherine Day, DG of DG Environment, Mrs. Christine Dalby, Sec Gen. 46
    participants. Report is available.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/events/Brussels-
        seminar-report-SD-August2005.pdf
•   14-15 July: EEB Secretary General took part in conference of SD experts of
    national governments, in Windsor, UK.
•   Mid-July: G-10, led by EEB, produced a paper with a systematic presentation
    of visions, objectives, indicators, instruments, as building blocks for the new
    SDS.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/Revised-SDS-
        Vision-130705.pdf
•   1 November: finalised chapter in book on EU SDS to be published by
    Brussels University.
•   21 November: EEB Secretary General went with four other representatives of
    the G-10 to meet Barroso to suggest how to improve Sustainable
    Development.
•   23 November: EEB Secretary General met with Gerrit de Graaf, new head of
    Unit at Secretariat-General responsible for the Lisbon and SD Strategies.
•   24 November: participation in seminar on emerging markets and sustainable
    development hosted by Commissioner Wallström.
•   December: informal contacts with key actors in Commission on final version
    SDS, with some results in the field of actions. also initial preparations for joint
    G10 analysis of the EU SDS.
•   1 December: EEB Secretary General participated in event organised by UK
    Presidency in Brussels on eco-innovation, linked to the Environment Council.

                                                                                     53
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

• 13 December: press release after publication of new SDS by Commission.
http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_fails_with_SDS_131205.htm


Clean, Clever, Competitive

•   In December 2004, EEB agreed to join an initiative by the Dutch Ministry to
    bring together stakeholders to continue discussions on ‘Clean, Clever,
    Competitive’ (CCC) launched at the Maastricht Informal Environmental
    Ministers Meeting in July 2004.
•   In April the Dutch Government made contact with EEB, and a new
    coordinator discussed with EEB what could be done.
•   15 July: EEB took part in first meeting of this partnership. Following this, EEB
    engaged in identifying an “Eminent Person” who could present our approach
    to environmental innovation in a group that would produce a report to the next
    Spring Summit.
•   September: Domingo Jimenez Beltrán, former Director of the EEA in
    Copenhagen, was identified to join the Eminent Persons Group of the CCC
    initiative. Further contacts with him since.
•   17 September: EEB took part in stakeholders meeting of the CCC to draft
    terms of reference for the Eminent Persons Group, where EEB insisted on
    including market instruments such as subsidies and taxation reform.

Publications

Lisbon Process

Spring Group
• 11 January: joint letter to Commission President Barroso, to highlight our
   common ideas for the 2005-2009 strategy the Commission was preparing.
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/letter-barroso-etuc-
      eeb-platform-110105.pdf
• 9 March: joint letter to Commission, Council etc about the 2005 Spring
   Summit
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/spring-statement-
      final-090305.pdf
• 21 March: Make Lisbon Work for Sustainable Development – EEB, ETUC and
   Social Platform joint statement to the 2005 Spring Summit
      http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Lisbon-SD-EEB-ETUC-SocPlatform-
      210305.pdf
• 21 March: Pour faire de Lisbonne un vecteur du développement durable –
   déclaration conjointe du BEE, de la CES et de la Plateforme des ONG
   sociales européennes
      http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Lisbonne-DD-EEB-ETUC-SocPlatform-
      210305.pdf




                                                                                  54
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

EEB on its own and with other environmental organisations
• 10 February: meeting EEB delegation with Prime Minister Juncker of
  Luxembourg to discuss the necessary green character of the forthcoming
  Spring Summit. And following press release
     http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_environmentalists_advice_spring-
     council_100205.htm
• 18 February: Paper from the EEB towards the Spring Summit
     http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/The-Spring-
     Summit-and-Europe-Environment-240205.pdf also in French:
     http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/eeb-position-
     spring-summit-final-FR-240205.pdf
• 25 February : Conference in Luxembourg – Conference report including
  agenda and presentations – 500 copies
     http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/events/Luxembour
     g-conf-report-August2005.pdf
     See also press-release:
     http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_luxembourg_lisbon_strategy_250205.ht
     m
• 22 March: G-9 press-release ahead of Spring Council: “Environmental NGOs:
  Make Europe the most resource and energy efficient economy in the world”.
     http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/20050322-G9-on-Lisbon-strategy.pdf
• 23 March: positive Press-release on outcome Summit: “European Summit
  Confirms Environmental Dimension of Lisbon Process - but remains vague on
  what that means”.
     http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_european_summit_23_03_05.htm

Special focus on Integrated Guidelines and National Reform Programmes
• 14 April: press-release on draft Commission guidelines:
      http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_ignores_spring_summit_c
      onclusions_140405.htm
• July: production of a Toolkit to assist environmental organisations
  involvement in drafting National Reform Programmes, distribution to
  environmental organisations inside and outside EEB, and national
  environment ministries (electronically).
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/toolkit-final-
      version-260705.pdf

Lisbon in General EEB Documents

•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 36 of January – Editorial – “Spring
    Summit, moment of Truth”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-36.pdf
•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 37 of April (pages 5-6) –
    “Dispelling Myths about Environment and Economy”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH37-web.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 10 March 2005
                                                                                55
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
      June05.pdf


Sustainable Development

•   28 January: EEB responds to the “Strategic Objectives 2005-2009" published
    by the Commission with a letter to Commission President Barroso
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/letter-Barroso-on-
        strategic- objectives-280105.pdf
     and a press release: “Commission's future plans put environment in the
     wrong division”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_future_plans_280105.htm
•   9 February: EEB coordinates press release of nine environmental groups,
    responding to the Commission's interim report on the implementation of the
    EU Sustainable Development Strategy today: “Sustainable Development not
    just for longer term!”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_g9_sustainable_development_090105.
        htm
•   25 May: EEB initiated G-9 press release: “Environmental NGOs: Declaration
    on sustainable development must lead to smart economic development”.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/G9-sustainable-
        development-250505.pdf
•   6 June: EEB seminar Report – 200 copies
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/events/Brussels-
        seminar-report-SD-August2005.pdf
•   Mid-July: G-10, led by EEB, produced a paper with a systematic presentation
    of visions, objectives, indicators, instruments, as building blocks for the new
    SDS.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/Revised-SDS-
        Vision-130705.pdf
•   13 December: press release after publication of new SDS by Commission.
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_fails_with_SDS
        131205.htm

Sustainable Development in General EEB Documents

•   EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 17 October 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20050922-letter-env-council.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the UK Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf


                                                                                 56
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Results

The EEB’s assessment of the Lisbon process is that it successfully persuaded
the Luxembourg Presidency, Prime Minister included, to ensure that the Spring
Council would stress the importance of the Lisbon Process’s environmental
dimension. This paid off in the final version of the Integrated Guidelines, where
the Presidency achieved major improvements to the Commission’s drafts. This
led to more explicit attention by Member States for environmental issues in
National Reform Programmes. The EEB maintained interest in SD with ETUC
and Social Platform.

Regarding SD, the EEB had close contacts with the Commission and with the
respective Presidencies. In particular, it had an impact on the Declaration on
Guiding Principles for SD which was adopted by the June European Council.
The EEB also continued helping G-10 partners to play a role in the SD debate.

There was a delay in issuing the Commission Communication on a revised SD
Strategy. It was finally issued on 13 December.

Activities on public procurement were limited to giving case-by-case advice to our
national organisations.


2.b. Article 6 Watch

Aims for 2005
• Ensure that the EU institutions fully implement the obligation, laid down in
   Article 6 of the EC Treaty, of integrating environmental concerns into all its
   policies.
• In particular, promote the systematic inclusion of this obligation in the work of
   the Councils, as required by the Cardiff Summit.
• Make sure that the Commission will carry out Impact Assessments about all
   relevant policy proposals, with sufficient transparency and public involvement,
   and with high environmental standards.




                                                                                    57
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

Activities Envisaged

•   Implement an ‘Article 6 Watch’ within EEB, based on a network of
    EEB activists in all EU Member States and co-operation with other
    European environmental organisations. Follow systematically the
    work of all Councils, and intervene where environmental issues are
    expected to be at stake, from both the EU and national levels.
•   Report to the 2005 Spring Council on Article 6’s lack of
    implementation, and invite the Council to take measures to increase
    its impact.
•   Monitor the drafting process of the 2006 EU budget and highlight
    possible strong contradictions with Article 6.
•   Systematically follow the Impact Assessment process inside the
    Commission, and intervene where needed.
•   Organise a seminar (EEB activists, members/representatives of the
    three EU Institutions and other environmental organisations)
•   Possibly organise (ideally with the British Government) a conference
    in Cardiff during the UK Presidency, to take stock of progress with
    the environmental policy integration process.


Activities Accomplished

While EEB continued to check all Councils’ agendas on the application of Article
6, it was not always able to act. This was partly due to its lack of understanding
of issues, and partly because we lack the same channels to decision-makers as
we have in the environmental field. Our work therefore remained ad hoc, and
was most meaningful in cooperation with others, in particular with the European
Federation for Transport & Environment.

EEB did not present a report to the Spring 2005 Council. Nor did we organise the
anticipated seminar, nor the optional conference in Cardiff (due to the British
Presidency’s uninterest).

Special Focus: Eurovignette

Activities/seminars/meetings

Several meetings with colleagues in other environmental organisations, in
particular the European Federation for Transport & Environment (T&E), to
coordinate an NGO position on the Euro-vignette and a letter to the Transport
Council.

Publications/position papers/official letters

•   April: letters to Permanent Representatives. Similar letters to members for
    national lobby work; joint letters and amendment proposals with other NGOs
    on Council Conclusions
                                                                                 58
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005


•   21 April: joint NGO Press release on above mentioned
       http://www.t-e.nu/docs/Press/2005/2005-04-21_eurovignette_council.pdf
•   14 September: Joint Letter to EP
•   15 September: Recommendations by Environmental organisations for the
    Second reading in the EP on Amending Directive 1999/62/EC on charging
    heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures (September 2005)
       English:http://www.eeb.org/activities/integration/2005_eurovignette_ep_se
       cond_reading_te_recommendations.pdf
       French:http://www.eeb.org/activities/integration/2005_eurovignette_ep_se
       cond_reading_te_recommendations_fr.pdf
       German:http://www.eeb.org/activities/2005_eurovignette_ep_second_read
       ing_te_recommendations_de.pdf
•   23 September: joint letter to Commission protesting against simplifying the
    Transport Protocol to the Alpine Convention
•   10 November: joint NGO letter to MEPs to integrate external costs into
    EUROVIGNETTE revision


Special Focus: Seventh Research Framework Programme

September-November: meetings and telephone discussions with other NGOs –
preparation for NGO amendments to 7FP and follow-up documents

External/informal meetings

•   1 September: NGO meeting with MEP Satu Hassi – discussion and
    presentation of NGO demands/position

Publications/position papers/official letters

•   7 July: EEB Letter to Competitiveness Council on 7th Framework Programme
    for Research, technological development and demonstration activities
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/letter-Competitiveness-Council-
        070705.pdf
•   11 July: Press Release: EEB calls upon EU's Competitiveness Council to
    Green the 7th Research Framework Programme and reject nuclear support!
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_comp_council_7th_research_framewor
        k_programme_110705.htm
•   1 September: NGO amendments sent to MEP and position on general
    overview of 7FP




                                                                              59
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

Special Focus: Greening Public Procurement

External/informal meetings

•   19 December: meeting with Coalition for Green and Social Procurement –
    transposition of European Directive in different countries; discussion on
    opportunities for joint activities in 2006

Publications/position papers/official letters

•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 39 of October (page 7) – “A
    turning point for sustainble procurement?” by Ben Shaw, Green Alliance
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf

Special Focus: Impact Assessment

EEB continued following individual impact assessments, but this did not result in
a paper or position. It was more to contribute to our overall monitoring of this
instrument’s use.


External/informal meetings

•   31 March: participation at Roundtable on IA: “On the road to better EU
    regulation: How can impact assessment pave the way?”
•   12 April: participation at European Policy Centre Risk Forum – “Roundtable
    on Impact Assessment in the EU” - EEB presented our experience on Impact
    Assessment to Commission officials and other decision makers and
    stakeholders.

Publications/position papers/official letters

•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.3.5
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_3.pdf

Special Focus: Services Directive

The 26 February EEB Board Meeting discussed the Services Directive and what
kind of involvement would be feasible. Conclusion: EEB needed particularly to
focus on the potentially negative effects of the country of origin principle on
governments’ ability to enforce respect for national environmental legislation. It
asked the Secretary General to prepare a position paper.

Publications

•   24 March: EEB Position Paper on Proposal for a Directive of the EP and of
    the Council on services in the internal market (The "Bolkestein Directive")
    (March 24th, 2005)
                                                                                  60
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/eebposition_eng.pdf
•   24 March: Position du BEE - Proposition de Directive du Parlement européen
    et du Conseil relative aux services dans le marché intérieur (dite "Directive
    Bolkestein") (24 mars 2005)
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/eebposition_fr.pdf
•   31 March: Press release: “Bolkestein Directive skimpy on environmental
    protection’’
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_bolkenstein_directive_310305.htm
•   12 April: G-8 Position Paper
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/networking/g8-bolkestein-statement.pdf

See also EEB’s general publications

•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf

Results

As explained above, it is difficult to continue a systematic approach to Article 6
implementation. The above issues are important as a contribution to our better
understanding of promoting integration of environmental concerns.


2.c. Financial perspectives 2007-2013

Aims for 2005

•   Ensure sufficient funding for environmental and environment-related policies,
    including Natura 2000, LIFE and funding for environmental organisations.
•   Ensure compliance of all expenditure with environmental criteria and
    objectives.

Activities Envisaged

•   cooperate with other environmental organisations on a joint
    package of demands and a joint strategy to influence the outcome.
•   possibly a seminar/conference on environment and the EU budget
    in first part of 2005.


Activities Accomplished

The financial perspectives for 2007-2013, which set the framework for EU
spending over this period, are relevant for various key funding lines which might
help the environment. These are the LIFE+ Regulation, the EAFRD Regulation,
and the Structural Funds. Work was carried out in the Green 10 with WWF,
                                                                                     61
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

BirdLife and EEB leading on financing Natura 2000. We held meetings with the
Commission, but mostly with MEPs which led to a strong parliamentary position
which was very favourable to N2000. For information on our work on LIFE+ and
Natura 2000 financing see also under Biodiversity, question 1b).

Work on the Structural Funds was with a different coalition of NGOs, where EEB
plays a more supporting role, and strives to ‘green’ the regulatory framework.
Work focused mostly on EP in the first half of 2005 and in the second half we
targeted the Council more with briefings. EP produced generally favourable
positions on most legislative documents and for regulations resulting from co-
decision, the Council also took a more favourable position. In the meantime we
worked with the Commission on Strategic Guidelines which led to the somewhat
improved draft text currently being used by national authorities to draft their
national strategic reference frameworks.

Financial Perspectives: General

•   2 February: Joint Green 9 paper on “Financing a better future: The
    environmental challenges for the Financial Perspective 2007-2013”
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/EU_finances/G9_Financial_Perspectives_20
        07_20131.pdf
•   31 March: Green 9 proposals for amendments to the report by Mr. Boege for
    the Temporary Committee on Policy Challenges and Budgetary Means on the
    enlarged Union 2007-2013
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/EU_finances/Green9-consolidated-amends-
        to-Boege-on-FP-rev%5B1%5D.pdf
•   6 April: Civil Society Contact Group letter to the temporary EP Committee on
    Financial Perspectives, with input from EEB.
•   9 May: G-9 letter to Ecofin and GAERC presenting our “Environmental
    Priorities for the EU’s Financial Perspective 2007-2013”
•   8 June: Press release of G-9 “Environmental groups broadly welcome
    European Parliament’s position on EU spending plans”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/G9-financial-perspectives-EP-080605.pdf
•   27 October : Green 10 updated briefing on “Financing a better future: The
    environmental challenges for the Financial Perspective 2007-2013”
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/EU_finances/g10-financial-perspective-
        271005.pdf
•   12 December: “Environmental challenges for the financial perspective 2007-
    2013. the Green 10’s response to the UK Presidency’s negotiating box, as
    presented on 5 December “ a letter
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/EU_finances/Open-letter-to-EU-Permanent-
        Representations-121205.pdf
•   19 January 2006: Green 10 briefing for MEPs on the European Council's
    agreement of December 2005 on the Financial Perspective 2007-2013
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/EU_finances/final_G10_reaction_fin_persp_2
        007-13_190106.pdf



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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

A conference was organised on Natura 2000 Financing and the Financial
Perspective. See Biodiversity under question 1b).

LIFE+ Regulation

We worked through G-10, mainly with WWF and BirdLife: intensive contacts with
the Rapporteur in the EP, and the Commission.

•   3 March: Green-9 proposed amendments to LIFE+ Regulation
    (COM(2004)621)
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/green9amendmentstolife-
       030305.pdf
•   18 April: meeting Catherine Day with EEB and some other organisations, on
    LIFE+
•   26 April: BirdLife, EEB and WWF voting recommendations on LIFE+ to the
    Environment Committee of the EP
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/ENVI-vote-on-LIFE+BirdLife-
       EEB-WWF-brief-1-260405.pdf
•   7 July: EEB/BirdLife press release with positive response to vote in EP on
    Financial Perspectives.
•   8 September: NGO position statement on LIFE+: 2 December 2005
    Environment Council
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/LIFEplus-NGO-statement-2-
       Dec2005-Env-Council.pdf
•   28 September: call from Sec Gen to senior officials on the issue of NGO
    grants.
•   2 October: Sec Gen represented EEB in a meeting of Env NGOs with Dimas
    about LIFE+
•   14 October: NGO Briefing LIFE+
•   27 October: Sec Gen represented EEB at follow up meeting with Cabinet
    member on LIFE+
•   11 November: meeting Environmental NGOs with Mrs Day.

Rural Development Regulation

We work through a coalition of organisations on Agriculture, including WWF and
Birdlife, CEJA (coalition of small farmers), FoE, IFOAM, and Eurogroup Animal
Welfare.

•   7 March: joint letter to GAERC
•   7 April: EEB/BirdLife common position
•   11 April: joint press release
•   7 July: letter from EEB and others to “Members of the Special Committee on
    Agriculture”, with the title “The European Commission’s proposal for the
    Strategic Guidelines for Rural Development 2007-2013 needs your support”.
•   22 November: coalition of NGOs, including EEB, publishes statement in
    Financial Times on the need for further CAP reform to ensure sufficient
    funding for Rural Development.
                                                                             63
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005


Natura 2000 Financing

We work in the G-10 coalition, on this issue led by WWF and BirdLife. See report
on Biodiversity

See also in EEB’s general publications

•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 24 June 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Env-Council-24June-260505.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
       June05.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 2 December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20051109-EEB-Letter-to-Env-
       Council-Dec02.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the UK Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf

Results

Our major objective for work on the financial perspectives has remained
unchanged throughout 2005 as there was no agreement under the Luxembourg
Presidency. Although the UK was generally sympathetic to adequate funding
under Rural Development and LIFE+, its position was complicated by its
insistence on limiting total EU Expenditure to 1% of GDP and the reality of the
2003 agreement freezing direct farm support. The final agreement still under the
British Presidency in December 2005 came as rather a surprise and had
seriously negative consequences for the funding lines most relevant for the
environment. Most importantly, the rural development budget was cut to some
€25bn over seven years which will mean stronger competition between farmers
and nature conservationists at national and regional levels. The LIFE+ budget
had already been small according to the Commission proposal and now risks
becoming even smaller. EU funding for Natura 2000 should therefore come from
the Structural Funds. It is encouraging that the European Regional Development
Fund (ERDF) which is most relevant for the environment has some clear
language on Natura 2000 and WFD and there is likely to be a strong article on
partnership in the general regulation. The regulatory framework on EU funding
might ultimately be seen as acceptable, owing to intense NGO lobbying, but the
cut in funding is likely to undermine the possibility of Member States fulfilling this
potential as competition will be strong and the environment will likely lose out.

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                                 EEB - Activities Report 2005


2.d. Agriculture

Aims for 2005

•       To influence the discussions around Rural Development Policy post-2006.
        Link to crucial parallel discussions on the Financial Perspectives (which will
        determine the resources available for rural development) as well as future
        cohesion policy (rural development policy and Structural and Cohesion Funds
        must be complementary).
•       Ensure that Rural Development Policy for the period 2007 - 2013 is
        strengthened, will deliver on EU environmental policy priorities, takes a more
        integrated approach, and is based on public participation.
•       Follow up the implementation of the Action Plan on Organic Food and
        Farming at national level.
•       Follow up progress on implementation of the Malahide declaration on
        biodiversity (and the future Commission communication expected at the end
        of 2004), particularly with respect to the biodiversity action plan on agriculture.


    Activities Envisaged

    •    Coordinate and strengthen the EEB Working Group
         on Agriculture, with two meetings during the year.
    •    Continue to coordinate environmental NGO
         involvement in the official advisory committees on
         agriculture from the European Commission.
    •    Exchange information about implementation of the
         reformed CAP in Member States.


Activities Accomplished

EEB has three distinct roles on agriculture. First, to represent its own views at EU
level on agricultural and rural development issues. Second, to help EEB
Members in work related to implementing EU policies (eg on cross-compliance
and modulation). Third, to coordinate the participation of environmental groups’
representatives (inside and outside EEB) in a range of DG Agriculture advisory
committees.

Beginning in July 2004, the EEB Working Group on Agriculture, owing to financial
constraints, lacked an EU Policy officer. Two EEB Members, SNM (Netherlands)
and SNCC (Sweden) kept the discussion going using the group’s list-server. But
the Members’ activities received a boost when the Policy Officer on Agriculture/
Biodiversity/Soil Protection started on 1 March 2005. There are currently 66
people on the list-server. In most cases they represent different organisations.



                                                                                         65
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

The first meeting was on 22 May with the Biodiversity WG with some people
taking part in both WGs. Ten people attended the first meeting and seven the
second.

Main points were financing Rural Development but, in anticipation of a cut in the
budget, there was discussion of a long-term strategy to get the 2003 CAP reform
back on track. Another forthcoming issue was the debate on agriculture and
bioenergy, spurred by the publication of the Biomass Action Plan and the
Biofuels Strategy. The Soil TS was also on the agenda

Guest speakers at the first event were the same as for the biodiversity group.
Second group was with Brussels-based partner organisations and took place on
29 November back-to-back with the meeting of the Advisory Committee on
Agriculture and the Environment, in which some Members participate.
A small part of the group continues to be very actively involved, while the wider
group is somewhat more selectively involved.

Work on rural development mostly related to the Financial Perspectives: for more
details see that section. Among the joint actions were a letter from young farmers
and environmental groups supporting the Rural Development (RD) budget ahead
of the June Summit under the Luxembourg Presidency. Joint action at a later
stage, such as a letter to the Financial Times, only involved environmental
groups as there was insufficient common ground for broader coalitions. The draft
Community Strategic Guidelines for RD turned out to be of quite high quality
following input from EEB and BirdLife. We have supported them ever since. They
still need to be adopted but the drafts have so far been used by the authorities for
national-level planning work.

Since agricultural financing is strongly linked to WTO negotiations, we have also
begun exploring common ground with agricultural organisations. Preparations
also began for the 2007 evaluation of 2003 CAP reform.

Towards the end of 2005 work on agriculture became increasingly dominated by
the debate on bioenergy and biofuels. Work started on the Biomass Action Plan
at low intensity in spring 2005 but really started to heat up near the end of 2005
when the Action Plan was published. We produced a joint Environmental NGO
response to this plan, welcoming it but warning of environmental and social
impacts especially of the Action Plan’s biofuels component. EEB renewed its
position paper on bio-energy which has since been heavily used.

Work continued on the links between agriculture and the Water Framework
Directive in the Steering Group for Agriculture and Water Framework Directive.

There was no work on implementing the Organic Food Action Plan, owing to lack
of initiative from Member groups and other pressing items on the agenda.

For the Malahide follow-up work, please see section on biodiversity.


                                                                                  66
                              EEB - Activities Report 2005

More detailed list of activities

Throughout the year: several meetings of NGOs seeking common positions and
actions on the Common Agriculture Policy, and production of joint letters etc.

Agriculture-related issues were dealt with in the EEB’s Memoranda to the
Luxembourg and British Presidencies, their Ten Tests and the Assessments of
both Presidencies.
• 9 February: EEB attended seminar on redefining LFA criteria.
• 17 February: EEB gave presentation on Rural Development at ECOSOC
   during public hearing.
• 25 February: Start of development of Matrix for new Steering Group for
   Agriculture and Water Framework Directive. Ruth Davies attended this
   Steering Group meeting on 25 April.
• 11 April: NGO-Expert meeting on Biomass, discussing threats and
   opportunities.
• 4 May: European Habitat Forum meeting at DG Agriculture.
• 22 May: Joint EEB Biodiversity/Agriculture Working Group meeting – minutes
   available on request.
• 31 May: meeting with Copa-Cogeca.
• 14 June: EEB spoke at EP conference.
• 23 June: talk on EEB Agri work to ‘referenten’.
• 7 July: preparations with Fern and Taiga Rescue network in advance of DG
   Agriculture advisory committee on forestry.
• 23 August: meeting with Rainforest Alliance representatives on agricultural
   certification.
• 15 September: Attended evening conference on biomass, organised by
   Baden-Württemberg representation.
• 17-21 September: EU Policy Officer went to Sofia for the two-yearly
   conference of the European Forum for Pastoralism and Nature Conservation
   which brings together key stakeholders and supporters of nature-friendly
   farmers. Discussions started there on how to influence discussions on the
   CAP and EU budget mid term review in 2008 to increase the chances for
   environmentally sustainable farming systems.
• In October: several meetings with organisations on possible cooperation on
   WTO and agricultural subsidies.
• 7. October: Lunch with delegation of Members of the Dutch Parliament, its
   Agri-Committee, raising various issues.
• 11 October: Attended Elco conference and launch of handbook for
   environmental integration into rural development planning, organised by, a.o
   WWF and SNM.
• 17 October: spoke at Rural Youth Working Party in Strasbourg on our
   concerns on WTO, market access, subsidies and maintaining environmental
   standards.
• 18 October: participated at annual Copa-Cogeca congress in Strasbourg.
• 25 October: participated in stakeholder meeting of EU Ruralis project,
   developing and testing scenarios for future of rural development in Europe in
   Amsterdam.
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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   From November: several meetings to discuss biomass with experts and
    NGOs.
•   15 November: EEB spoke at Agra-Europe conference in London.
•   29 November: second meeting of Agricultural working group, back-to-back
    with meeting of CAP advisory committee on agriculture and environment
    meeting – minutes available on request.
•   30 November: EEB attended meeting of DG Environment advisory committee
    on agriculture and environment.
•   8 December: joint reaction to Biomass Action Plan with BirdLife, WWF,
    Greenpeace.

Organisation of NGO involvement in the DG Agriculture Advisory Committees

•   EEB facilitated NGO involvement in 34 meetings. Eighty NGO representatives
    were involved, including six observers from Romania and Bulgaria (permitted
    to attend meetings under strict conditions). Organising representation is time-
    consuming as for each meeting personal contacts must be made with the
    relevant NGO representatives, and BirdLife, WWF and the European Forum
    on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism (EFNCP), with whom EEB has set
    up this advisory structure. But EEB is the Commission’s sole contact, so all
    logistical issues go through EEB.

Publications

Specific

•   Joint letter on the Rural Development Fund from EEB, WWF, BirdLife,
    IFOAM, CEJA, Friends of the Earth and Eurogroup for Animal Welfare to
    Finance and Agriculture ministers in advance of the ECOFIN council of 12
    April
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/Letter-to-EU-Council-on-EARDF-
        budget-final-080405.pdf
•   EEB input into online consultation on a Biomass Action Plan. No follow-up yet
    on this from the of DG Tren side
•   EEB Comments to European Parliament’s Rural Development Conference
    Statement – 14 July
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/EEB-Comments-on-EP-
        conference-140705.pdf
•   The EFSA stakeholders challenge – working with civil society
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/efsa-challenge-final-100605.pdf
•   BirdLife, EEB and WWF letter to SCA committee on Community Strategic
    Guidelines for Rural Development.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/WWF-EEB-BL-letter-to-SCA-on-
        EAFRD-Guidelines-070705.pdf
•   European Voice – Opinion and Editorial by Arjan Berkhuysen and Pieter de
    Pous – “Rural Development is where the CAP fits” – Sepemtber 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/OP-ED-EAFRD-EV.pdf
•   Joint NGO statement ‘re-thinking the CAP’
                                                                                 68
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/RE-THINKING-THE-
        CAP_161105_final.pdf
•   NGO letter to Financial Times on the CAP and Financial Perspectives
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/FT-letter-final-181105.pdf
•   EEB position on Biomass and Biofuels: the need for well defined sustainability
    criteria
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/EEB-position-on-bioenergy-
        191205.pdf
•   EEB position on redefinition of intermediate Less-Favoured Areas to be
    discussed in the Agri WG meeting (not finalised as it became clear that
    Commission postponed this till 2010)

Press releases

•   11 April: a joint press release including farmers’ organisations, written after
    sending joint letter to Finance Ministers on Rural Development Fund.
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/More-Money-Needed-for-EU-Countryside-
        EAFRD-110405.pdf
•   31 May: joint press release about Rural Development Budget with BirdLife,
    Friends of the Earth and others
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/PR_U-turn_on_CAP_reform_310505.pdf

General

•   EEB Memorandum to Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of environmental results of Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
       June05.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to British Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of British Presidency of the EU,
    July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf

Results

We strengthened EEB WG and have engaged our members in discussions on
rural development, particularly on biofuels.

We influenced the content of the Community Strategic Guidelines for Rural
Development Policy, which take a balanced approach to Lisbon and Gothenburg
priorities. But it is now up to members to become active in discussions and
preparing national rural development programmes to ensure these guidelines
actually make a difference. The objective of increasing overall funding for rural
development was frustrated by the December 2005 deal on Financial
Perspectives which slashed the EAFRD budget by about 20%. But the Financial
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                                EEB - Activities Report 2005

Perspective deal offers an opportunity, through the 2008 EU budget review
clause, of starting an early debate about future agricultural subsidies. To position
ourselves for this debate the EEB has submitted a project proposal that DG Agri
should draft a document based on case studies of how CAP subsidies can better
deliver for the environment. We shall continue preparing for this debate, building
strategic coalitions and generating political momentum.


2.e Climate Change

Aims for 2005

•       A credible leadership role for the EU in the worldwide promotion of the Kyoto
        Protocol and the start of the negotiations on the next commitment period.
•       Agreement on a longer-term objective of 80% reduction of CO2 emissions for
        the EU, with clear and ambitious intermediate targets.
•       An effective Eco-design Directive, including energy efficiency standards for
        appliances.
•       A Directive for Energy Services for Demand Side Management, including a
        firm target for annual savings of at least 1% of EU energy demand, as well as
        mechanisms to ensure that this target is met, including the promotion of
        energy service companies.
•       New initiatives from the Commission for modal shifting and demand-side
        initiatives for the transport sector.

    Activities Envisaged

    •    Raise climate issues in EEB's Memoranda, Ten Tests and high-
         level contacts with EU institutions
    •    Support and work with Climate Action Network Europe
    •    Possibly, through Fiscal Reform Working Group: further follow
         and comment on the National Allocation Plans (implementation).

Activities Accomplished

•       As foreseen, Climate Change Policy issues were dealt with in EEB’s
        Memoranda to the Luxembourg and British Presidencies and the Ten Tests,
        and the Assessments of both Presidencies.
•       It was also one of the issues in the letter to the March and October
        Environment Councils.
•       EEB supported the work of Climate Action Network Europe and took part in
        several meetings with Commissioner Dimas and Environmental Ministers
        where climate issues were discussed. In particular, the meeting between the
        EEB Board and the Commissioner on 25 February was important, as it
        discussed the pros and cons of the EU, setting firm reduction-targets for the
        period after 2012. This was followed by a discussion at the G-10-

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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

    Environmental Council briefing organised by EEB and the Luxembourg
    Environment Ministry on 9 March.
•   The Kyoto obligations are also an ongoing topic within work developed by
    EEB on Sustainable Development (see 1h).
•   EEB organised meetings between the European Environmental Organisations
    and members of the Environment Council. In the March session, climate was
    high on the agenda.
•   EEB took part in discussions and action for financial incentives for
    greenhouse gas reduction from the aviation sector (see under Environmental
    Fiscal Reform).
•   EEB was heavily involved, mostly informally, in drafting Guidelines for
    National Reform Programmes in the framework of the Lisbon process. In that
    process, it particularly emphasised that these Programmes should take
    account of, and contribute to, the Kyoto obligations.
•   EEB developed a position on bio-energy, which is seen as a contribution to
    the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
•   EEB joined a coalition to promote financial measures to make aviation’s costs
    more closely reflect its environmental costs, especially over climate change.
•   1 December: aviation was one of the issues discussed at the G-10-
    Environmental Council briefing the EEB co-organised with the British
    Environment Ministry, DEFRA.


Publications

Specific

•   EEB position on Biomass and Biofuels: the need for well-defined
    sustainability criteria , December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/agriculture/EEB-position-on-bioenergy-
    191205.pdf
•   June: NGO Position Paper on Climate change and aviation
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/env_fiscal_reform/2005-
       06_joint_position_paper_aviation_climate_policy.pdf

General

•  Article in Metamoprhosis n° 37 – “2005: A new Dawn of Climate Protection”
   by Climate Action Network
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH37-web.pdf
• EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
• Letter to Environment Council of 10 March 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Letter-Ministers-EnvCounci-
140205.pdf
• EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
       June05.pdf
                                                                               71
                               EEB - Activities Report 2005

•  EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
• Letter to Environment Council of 17 October 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20050922-letter-env-council.pdf
• EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the UK Presidency of the
   EU, July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf
See also publications under “B.3.b. Environmental Fiscal Reform”, under
question 1g)

Results

EEB played a central part in discussions between the Commission and the
Luxembourg Presidency on the need to set greenhouse gas reduction targets for
the period after 2012. The Environment Council, and ultimately the European
Council, agreed on an indicative target of a 15-30% reduction by 2020.

Regarding bio-energy, the EEB has emphasised, with some success, the need to
look at the total environmental picture of different uses.



3. DEVELOPING NEW POLICIES


3.a. Environmental Policy Review

Aims for 2005

•       To use the discussion on the annual Environmental Policy Reviews to present
        EEB’s views on the development of this policy.

    Activity Envisaged

    •    To study and respond to the review, seek discussion with the
         Commission and inform governments, the European Parliament
         and national parliaments.



3.b. Environmental Fiscal Reform

Aims for 2005

•       An EU agreement on practical measures to abolish environmentally
        hazardous subsidies and environmental tax reforms at EU and national level


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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

    (increasing tax burden on sources of pressure on the environment, reducing
    tax burden on labour and social premiums).
•   Raising awareness about EFR among the public as well as among
    governments and private sector players
•   The EEB’s activities are based on the following demands
        - An additional 10% shift in total tax revenue from labour to
           environmental use by 2010, at EU and national level
        - Identification of major environmentally adverse subsidies at EU and
           national level and their removal by 2010.

Activities Envisaged

•   Coordinating and strengthening the EEB Working Group on EFR, to
    exchange information and generate policy demands on EU relevant
    actions. Organise two meetings.
•   Comment on Commission’s communication on market-based
    instruments, Directive proposal on tax measures accompanying
    emissions trading, and other relevant Commission publications.
•   Put pressure on Presidencies and governments to tackle
    environmentally hazardous subsidies in the Ecofin Council.
•   Maintain information flow between EU and national levels, maintain the
    working group website on EEB server
•   Support Green Budget Newsletter and contribute reports on national
    developments related to EFR.


Activities Accomplished

•   Certain activities could not be implemented. The Communication on Market-
    Based Instruments was postponed till 2006. Ecofin did nothing on subsidies.
•   The Working Group became quite involved in discussions on financial tools to
    tackle greenhouse gas emissions from aviation. These began in April and
    lasted the rest of the year. There was considerable discussion amongst
    NGOs about the choice of instruments.
•   The EFR working group has a wide coverage of the EU. It met only once. The
    second meeting was scheduled for the year end but had to be postponed till
    13-14 January for logistical reasons.
•   There are 39 people on the EFR list server.

Meetings

•   25 February: Environmental Fiscal Reform Working group meeting in
    Luxembourg – ten participants – report available
•   9 April: speaking at European Federalists’ Committee Meeting – Session of
    Political Commission
•   28 April: First NGO coalition meeting on aviation and climate change
•   5 September: participation at WG meeting of Council of Ministers discussing
    climate change and related issues
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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   14 September: participation at MAXIMA workshop on internalisation of
    external costs in the energy sector
•   27-28 September: participation at CAN-ETS workshop – including aviation in
    the EU ETS
•   28-29 September: participation at T&E workshop on reducing the CO2
    emissions of passenger cars
•   12 October: participation in Berlin conference on eco-taxes in new Member
    States
•   November: e-mail and telephone discussions on input towards Environment
    Council; Montreal; general debates on developments at Member State level
    and how to react
•   November/December: preparation for EFR workshop, January 13-14, 2006
•   22 November: participation at European Voice pre-COP 11 Conference on
    Climate Change
•   29 November: Sec Gen took part in presentation of new EEA report on state
    of European environment. He entered discussions with Commissioner
    Wallström about EEA’s main conclusion, that EFR is necessary. A press-
    release on the discussions received wide audience.
•   9 December: Seminar on EXTERN E project – internalising external costs of
    energy

Publications

•   25 February: Report of EEB Working group meeting in Luxembourg (internal
    report)
•   24 March: Letter to ECOFIN Council – removal of harmful subsidies, coupled
    with launch of EEB publication
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/env_fiscal_reform/subsidies-cover-letter-
        240305.pdf
        Press release:
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_letter_ECOFIN_remove_harmful_subsi
        dies__240305.htm
•   7 April: Letter to ECOFIN Council – in favour of kerosene
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/ECOFIN-Council-070405.pdf
•   7 April: Press Release –on letter to ECOFIN Council: “Departure time for tax
    exemptions in aviation sector”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_departure_time_tax_exemption_070405
        .htm
•   June: NGO Position Paper on Climate change and aviation
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/env_fiscal_reform/2005-
        06_joint_position_paper_aviation_climate_policy.pdf
•   29 November: Press Release – EEB attacks Commission for refusing to react
    to clear signal from EEA on need for ambitious tax reform agenda
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_tax_reform_agenda_eea_291105.htm

Fiscal Reform in General EEB Documents

•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency
                                                                              74
                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

      http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the British Presidency
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf

Results

The Environmental Fiscal Reform Group did not have a clear autonomous
campaign this year. It acted more as an advisory group for EEB, particularly on
aviation and fiscal measures. It was also called upon to advise EEB on economic
instruments in thematic strategies.


3.c. Thematic Strategies

Aims for 2005

•   Thematic Strategies that come with legislative and market instrument
    proposals where needed, and including ambitious targets and timetables.
•   A critical follow up from European Parliament and Council ensuring that the
    TS will lead to early and substantial progress for the environment.

Activities Envisaged

•   Continue to get involved in individual strategies as before
•   Critical comparison and assessment of results of the seven
    strategies, including the processes through which they came into
    being.
•   Possibly a conference about this approach to eu environmental
    policy- making.


3.c.1. Thematic Strategy on Urban Environment

Aims for 2005

•   Development of Urban Environment Strategy that will have a tangible and
    positive impact on quality of life in cities as well as leading to reduction of
    ecological footprints of cities on their surroundings and regional and global
    environment.
•   Ensure active involvement by EEB Members in development of Strategy.




                                                                                      75
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


Activities Envisaged

•   Continue coordinating NGO input into official Thematic Strategy.
•   Maintain an EEB Working Group on Urban Environment. Two
    meetings in 2005.
•   Maintain information exchange with member organisations on the
    development of strategy.
•   Work with other environmental partners, including ngos, on different
    fields of interest to promote a specific and appealing strategy with a
    clearly-defined role for the EU.
•   Focus on synergies with EEB working group concerned with
    development of thematic strategy on soil protection.


Activities Accomplished

EEB’s input to the Thematic Strategy on Urban Environment was lower than in
2004. The stakeholder WGs completed their reports in the first two months of
2005 and apart from one more meeting the Commission did not arrange
opportunities for further expert input. In February EEB commented again (by e-
mail) on the draft final report on urban environment management plans. It
facilitated comments by EEB Members.

In May, EEB participated in the final EU Expert Group on the Urban Environment.
EEB did not take part in the wider online consultation exercise on the Urban
Environment in the autumn, because the questionnaire mainly focused on
individual views and not on what the EU should do. But some Members
participated in the online consultation.

September-November: circulated e-mails on urban issues and informed about
public consultation on the urban environment.

Since the Strategies publication was postponed until 2006, EEB could not begin
informing the environmental movement, EP and Member States of comments
and proposals for improvement.

Results

EEB’s points on specific targets and mandatory plans and its criticism of the
Management Plans WG’s final report were reflected in the minutes of the EU
Expert Group on the Urban Environment.

EEB saw some improvement towards the end of the process, but the binding
objectives it advocated are unlikely to be included.

EEB membership and coalition-building


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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

EEB members interested in urban work appreciated our mailing list on urban
issues and some of the information circulated proved useful for individual
members and organisations in the WG. No new coalitions were formed in 2005,
but the conference organised with the Brussels Environment Ministry on Air
Pollution and Cities (see under Thematic Strategy on Air) gave EEB an excellent
opportunity to network with city officials and local environmental organisations.


3.c.2. Thematic Strategy on Soil Protection

Aims for 2005

•   Influence follow-up from European Parliament and Council of the Soil
    Framework Directive which the Commission will publish in 2005.
•   Ensure thematic strategy will set binding soil objectives and targets and
    identify timeframes to make certain EU sectoral policies properly integrate soil
    protection requirements and that it leads to a reversal of the trends of soil
    deterioration and soil loss.


Activities Envisaged

•   Maintain contact with soil WG through list server and hold one WG
    meeting per year.
•   Continue to coordinate EEB members’ input to development of
    Thematic Strategy.
•   Work with European Parliament and Council to ensure final
    strategy will benefit environment as much as possible.


Activities Accomplished

In the first half of 2005 the EEB position paper on a Soil Thematic Strategy was
updated and meetings held with officials at DG Environment. EEB organised a
workshop on 4 July where the Commission presented its outline for the STS.
EEB experts provided input, then the EEB position was finalised based on the
Commission’s outline. Input was provided through an Internet stakeholder
consultation and through our position paper which we submitted and discussed in
a meeting with officials. Publication was delayed till 2006.

Twenty-four people are on the Soil WG’s list-server. Almost all represent different
organisations. The Soil WG held one meeting with about seven EEB participants.

The main agenda item was the forthcoming Soil Thematic Strategy which was
presented and discussed with Commission officials. A number of WG members
were involved throughout the year and mainly focused on preparing an updated
EEB position on soil.


                                                                                  77
                              EEB - Activities Report 2005


More detailed list of activities

•   13 June: attended seminar on ‘fertilising with sludge’ at Baden-Württemberg
    Permanent Representation.
•   20 June: attended seminar on Soil Thematic Strategy, organised by Dutch
    MoA in Wageningen
•   1 July: meeting with ELNI (Environmental Lawyers Network International) on
    setting threshhold values for pollutants.
•   4 July: EEB seminar on Soil Thematic Strategy and meeting of EEB’s Soil
    Working Group – agenda, presentations, discussion paper, list of participants
    and proceedings available on our web-site
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/Soil/Index.htm
•   29 September: Provided Commission with updated EEB position paper on
    Strategy refining input already provided Internet consultation
•   14 October: Meeting with DG Env on our position paper to discuss next steps
•   10 November: Joint letter with IFOAM to Commissioner Dimas (copies to
    Verheugen, Fischer Boel, Barroso and Day) urging strong Directive. Partly in
    response to letter sent earlier by COPA-COGECA which strongly rejected a
    Directive.

Publications

•   EEB Soil Worshop: “Towards a Soil Framework Directive” – Workshop
    proceedings and highlights from presentations – 4 July
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/Soil/EEB-soil-workshop-proceedings.pdf
•   EU Soil Policy “From neglect to Protection” State of play – opportunities and
    threats – November 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/Soil/EEB-position-paper-on-Soil-Thematic-
        Strategy-1-Nov2005.pdf
•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 39 of October 2005 (page 2) –
    “Europe’s 7 thematic environmental strategies: from debate to action?”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf

Results

The EEB has raised awareness among Members and the environmental
movement of the Soil Strategy and strengthened the cause for a legislative
proposal. Whether that will succeed will only be known in 2006.


3.c.3. Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution

Aims for 2005
The process for a Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (also called ‘Clean Air for
Europe, or CAFE’) had a successful outcome, mainly addressing particulate
matter, ground-level ozone, and acidification. A Thematic Strategy that is clear
and ambitious and will contribute further to reducing air pollution to reach the
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                                EEB - Activities Report 2005

long-term objectives of effectively protecting people’s health and not exceeding
critical loads and levels.

    Activities Envisaged

    •    Active involvement in the work of the CAFE programme,
         including the CAFE steering group and other official working
         groups and technical committees to influence development of
         the thematic strategy.
    •    Active involvement in expert working groups and technical
         committees preparing revision of the NEC directive.
    •    Follow-up on possible proposals for Directives and other
         measures that result from the CAFE Thematic Strategy. Such
         follow-up activities include information to member
         organisations as well as lobbying Parliament and Council of
         Ministers.


Special focus: THEMATIC STRATEGY ON AIR

The EEB had previously been involved in the stakeholder process leading to the
Thematic Strategy on Air. It remained involved in the first half of 2005. In May,
the EEB learnt that UNICE was trying to weaken the final outcome. This led to a
deeper discussion in the Commission about the purpose of this and other
Thematic Strategies. EEB called on the Commission to respect its obligations, as
laid down in the Sixth Environmental Action Programme. It had intensive contacts
with the Commission, Member States, the media, and other environmental
organisations in this period.

EEB analysed the Thematic Strategy and distributed information to its Members
and the wider environmental movement, and presented its conclusions and
proposals to the EP and Member States.

EEB organised a conference with the the Brussels Region Environment Ministry
to discuss opportunities and consequences of the Thematic Strategy for cities.

EEB-organised events

•       8 November: EEB conference “Air and City in Brussels and Europe. Can
        Cities clean our air?”, coorganised with the Brussels Region under the
        patronage of Brussels Environment Minister Evelyne Huytebroeck. Trilingual
        conference with about 130 participants from Brussels, Belgium and
        international EU, discussing implementation of air quality Directives as well as
        Thematic Strategy Air Pollution. Among the speakers: Brussels Minister of the
        Environment and Catherine Day.
•       5 December: speaks on the TS at conference in Vienna organised by
        Austrian Member EU Umweltbüro ahead of the Austrian Presidency.


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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•  9-10 December: speaks on the TS, and about air pollution policies in general
   at capacity building meeting in Latvia organised by our member organisation
   VAK.
External / informal meetings, etc.

•   14 January: CAFE Working Group Target Setting & Policy Assessment
•   21-22 February: CAFE Steering Group meeting
•   17 March: CAFE target setting working group
•   14 April: CAFE Steering Group
•   11 May: CAFE Steering Group
•   12 May: meeting with the permanent representation of the German region
    Saxony (CAFE)
•   31 May: meeting with Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
•   1 June: Greenweek, EEB-representative on the panel at Greenweek Session
    9: "Bright sky behind the clouds: Cleaner Air for Europe and the world"
•   7 June: with G10: meeting with Director General DG Environment
•   14 June: meeting Cabinet Brussels Env Minister Ms. Huytebroeck
•   22 June: Forum for the automobile and society - Discussion: CAFE: Clean Air
    for Europe?
•   23 June: with STS: meeting with Michel Catinat, DG Enterprise
•   1 July:: meeting with environmental lawyers network ELNI (on
    implementation)
•   3 October: meeting with Committee of the Regions, briefing on Air Strategy
•   6 October: meeting with CITEAIR project. Another best-practice project on
    implementing the first air quality daughter Directive, financed by DG Regio.
    Follow-up: briefing to our members
•   26 October: phone interview with UN Institute for Training and Research on
    public participation in the CAFE process
•   3 November: meeting with BBLv (Belgium EEB-Member) to discuss CAFE
    and their upcoming meeting with the Flemish minister
•   1 December: speaks at Roundtable on TS Air and CAFE directive, Committee
    of the Regions.

Publications

•   3 March: Environmental NGO response to Commission’s non-paper on the
    Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (sent by email to CAFE steering group)
•   5 March: Environmental NGO comments on the “Non-Paper – Revision of Air
    Quality Legislation – Main Elements” (sent by email to CAFE steering group) .
•   13 June: EEB’s response to UNICE’s call to stop reducing air pollution , letter
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/letter-Barroso-TS-air-pollution-130605.pdf
•   28 June: The European Environmental Bureau (EEB), The European
    Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E), The Swedish NGO
    Secretariat on Acid Rain, Initial comments on the Thematic Strategy on air
    pollution (sent by email to Cabinets)
•   October: Thematische Strategie für saubere Luft veröffentlicht, in: DNR EU
    Rundschreiben 10/05

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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

        http://www.dnr.de/publikationen/eur/artikel.php?id=156&archiv=t
•   November: Ein halber Schritt vorwärts, zwei zurück. Die Thematische
    Strategie Luft geht nicht weit genug, in: Europa Info, EU Umweltbüro, 11/05
        http://www.umweltdachverband.at/eu-umweltbuero/euinfo/index.htm
•   January 2006: NGO Position paper on the proposed directive on air quality
    and clean air for Europe
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/NGOs_Ambient_Air_Qual_Directive.pdf
•   January 2006: NGO Position paper on the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/NGO_TS_Air.pdf
•   Air and City in Brussels and Europe: can our cities fight against air pollution?
    – Conference on 8 November co-hosted with the region of Brussels –
    Conference report – 500 copies
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/conference_presentations/Air_and_city_re
        port.pdf
•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 39 (pages 2-3) – “Thematic
    Strategy on Air Pollution: all smoke and mirror”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf

Press releases

•   1 June: Cleaner air or smoky skies? EU needs to be more ambitious on air
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_cleaner_air_or_smoky_skies_010605.ht
       m
•   14 June: EEB warns Barosso not to bend to pressure from UNICE
       http://www.eeb.org/press/pr_EEB_warns_Barosso_not_to_bend_pressure
       _140605.htm
•   4 July: Environmental NGOs upset about Commission's lack of leadership on
    environmental issues
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/G10_press_release_040705.htm
•   20 July: EEB welcomes Commission decision not to block environmental
       policies
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_eeb_welcomes_commission_decision_
       nottoblock_envpol_200705.htm
•   21 September: Air Thematic Strategy is far too weak, says EEB
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_air_thematic_strategy_too_weak_2109
       05.htm

Thematic Strategy Air in General EEB Documents

•   EEB Memorandum to the British Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 2 December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20051109-EEB-Letter-to-Env-
       Council-Dec02.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the British Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf
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                             EEB - Activities Report 2005



Results

The EEB has made constructive contributions to the Thematic Strategy, and
played a key role in raising interest in this Strategy, and connecting the
Commission with the environmental movement. EEB helped elements within the
Commission prevent the Strategy from being cancelled, but could not prevent its
being weakened.


3.c.4. Thematic Strategy on Waste Recycling and Prevention

Aims for 2005

•   To promote the reduction of waste generation, and the elimination of
    hazardous substances and re-use of products and materials in waste
    streams.
•   To implement the proposals as laid down in the eeb position paper ‘low waste
    europe’, including making waste prevention a priority, refining and enforcing
    the use of the waste hierarchy, producer responsibility requirements for
    product waste streams other than cars and electronics, defending the waste
    definition and adding a quality approach to promote recycling, among other
    material recycling measures, defending a material stream approach only as a
    complementary measure, harmonising pollution prevention controls for (co-)
    incineration and ensuring the re-establishment of the eu waste steering and
    working groups
•   To ensure that the waste strategy delivers added value in terms of advancing
    the agenda and establishing firm actions – in particular referring to waste
    prevention, targets and instruments, and the relevant framework conditions
    for recycling, including completing the priority waste stream approach. To link
    work on the waste strategy closely with that on the strategy on resource
    efficiency.
•   To continue participation in the debate on the need to clarify the difference
    between recovery and disposal, and recycling and energy recovery
    operations, with the view of properly implementing the ec policy on waste
    management.

Activities Envisaged

•   Developing EEB positions and input into the Waste Strategy
    consultation process and bilateral discussions with Commission
    officials, and provide input to other EU institutions in their reactions to
    the final proposed Strategy.
•   Produce EEB position papers and information for EEB Members and
    a wider audience.
•   Organise feedback and discussions in the EEB Waste Working Group
•   Seek partners and allies, in pro-active industry, other environmental
    organisations and consumer organisations in particular.                       82
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005



Activities Accomplished

The EEB has been active throughout the year in promoting an ambitious
Strategy, which would propose a Biowaste Directive and not repeal the Waste
Oils Directive (see also above).

•   7 January and 9 March: Two meetings with external and internal experts to
    collate EEB response to proposed revision of Waste Framework Directive.
•   March 2005: EEB participated in final stakeholder audience on EC’s
    intentions on waste strategy. Oral interventions on EEB perspective on the
    Commission’s intentions as expressed in questionnaires sent to Member
    States and eventually stakeholders in preparation for March 11 event.
•   April-December: EEB held range of meetings with staff at DG Environment
    and Cabinet of Commissioner Dimas to discuss potential content of TS.
•   May/June: bilateral meetings with Mr Florenz MEP to raise concerns about
    DG ENV’s intentions on Biowaste and Waste Strategy package.
•   4 November: EEB met FEAD WG on Waste Strategy.
•   4, 7 and 9 November: EEB met Cabinets of Commissioners Boel, Spidla and
    Kyprianou (Agri, Employment and Consumer) on Waste strategy.

Publications

Position Papers

•   EEB comments on Commission questionnaire addressed to Member States
    regarding Revision of Waste Framework Directive – October 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/EEB-reactions-to-WFD-questionnaire-
       version-October2005.pdf
•   EEB recommendations from preliminary analysis of Commission’s
    Communication on Thematic Strategy on Waste Prevention and Recycling
    and associated Commission proposal to amend WFD – 17 January 2006
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/waste_strategy/EEB-Preliminary-
       Waste-Strategy-recommendations-170106-sum.pdf
•   EEB comments on Commission Staff Working Document-Impact Assessment
    on Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste and the
    immediate implementing measures – 2nd February 2006
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/eeb-comments-IA-TSPR-020206.pdf

Press Releases

•   25 October: EEB Press Release on draft waste strategy – “Commission plans
    to bin credible recycling policy”
        http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_plans_to_bin_recycling_25
        1005.htm



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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   21 December: EEB Press Release on published waste strategy –
    “Commission gives up on EU recycling society: declassification and
    deregulation pave way for burning”
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_commission_gives_in_on_recycling_so
       ciety_211205.htm

Thematic Strategy Waste in General EEB Documents

•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 39 of October 2005 (page 2) –
    “Europe’s 7 thematic environmental strategies: from debate to action?”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to British Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the British Presidency of EU,
    July to December 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
        201205.pdf

Results

The EEB persuaded the Commissioner’s Cabinet to scrutinise the draft TS
thoroughly, which delayed its production. But it is unclear whether this had an
impact on the final result.

The EEB built a coalition of organisations, including the waste management
industry, on biowaste.

EEB raised interest in this issue with environmental organisations and prepared
them for the coming discussion on the TS. EEB’s WG on Waste is particularly
important in this regard.



3.c.5. Thematic Strategy on Resource Efficiency

Aims for 2005

•   Achieving absolute decoupling between natural resource-use and GDP,
    motivated by the multiple environmental benefits this will bring. Environmental
    organisations have developed or supported concepts like ‘environmental
    space’, ‘ecological rucksack’ or ‘footprints’, to illustrate dimension of change
    needed. Challenge now is to transform those general ideas into policy action.
•   Proactive participation in development of EU Thematic Strategy on
    sustainable use and management of resources. Ensuring that strategy makes
    commitment to identifying priority biotic and abiotic resources to focus on and
    suggests strategies and measures, including goals and targets for these
    resources, with overall objective of factor 4 efficiency.

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                                EEB - Activities Report 2005

•       General objective is to promote achievement of absolute decoupling between
        natural resource use and GDP.

        Action should focus on:
        1. Absolute decoupling with targets for priority resources;
        2. Factor 4 efficiency;
        3. Equity (burden shifting, as 40% of material input to EU economy is now
           imported).
        The precautionary principle should lead the decision-making process


    Activities Envisaged

    •    promotion of EEB position for the Strategy, and co-ordination with EEB
         Waste Working Group for this purpose, including workshops if
         necessary.
    •    produce EEB position papers and information for EEB’s members and
         wider audience.
    •    seek partners and allies in industry, other environmental advocacy
         organisations and consumer organisations.
    •    take part in any official stakeholder work on final Thematic Strategy
         package as well as bilateral discussions with Commission officials and
         provide input to other EU institutions in their reactions to final proposed
         Strategy
    •    evaluate capacities to participate in subsequent working groups and
         activities that result from Strategy.

Activities Accomplished

In 2004, the EEB played an active part in preparing for the Thematic Strategy
(TS). This involvement continued in 2005. It continued to coordinate with EEB
external expert, Maria Buitenkamp, on input to Commission (mostly through
bilateral contacts). There was intensive contact with DG Environment.

•       In 2005, EEB made link between this TS and Sustainable Development
        Strategy (see question 1g).
•       January: EEB submission to EXIA internet consultation was finalised and sent
•       6 June: the TS preparations were on agenda of EEB Sustainable
        Development Seminar
•       October: EEB gave informal feedback on draft ISC of Resources Strategy.
•       EEB’s position on Natural Resources Strategy was also fed into parallel
        processes in OECD and EU SD Strategy discussions.
•       16-17 December: EEB Waste Working Group discussed, amongst other
        things, Thematic Strategy on Natural Resources.




                                                                                       85
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Publications

•   January 2005: Response of the EEB to the Extended Impact Assessment
    Consultation Document – Assessing the actions to be undertaken as part of
    Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/natural_resources/ExIA-NatRes-EEB-
       response-January2005-final.pdf
•   May 2005: Informal briefings on EEB’s approach to TS and how to get
    objectives back into the Strategy was sent to Dimas Cabinet member
    responsible for the TS, and to Mrs Dalby from Sec Gen – available


Thematic Strategy Resources in General EEB Documents

•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 39 of October 2005 (page 2) – “Europe’s 7
    thematic environmental strategies: from debate to action?”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to British Presidency and Ten Tests
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of British UK Presidency of EU,
    July-December 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
        201205.pdf

Results

The EEB tried to maintain pressure for ambitious and clear targets. This
ultimately produced mixed results, but we believe one outcome was the proposal
for an EU Steering group into the EC’s implementation process. Our pressure
probably also helped keep the text (albeit unsatisfactory) on decoupling and
some kind of buried target in the proposal. EEB also kept environmental
organisations informed and, to a certain extent, engaged. The delay in
publishing the TS did not help to maintain that momentum.

The EEB WG on Natural Resources involves 31 EEB members.


3.c.6. Thematic Strategy on Pesticides

Aims for 2005

•   Inclusion of a Directive on pesticide use reduction in the Pesticides Thematic
    Strategy, including binding targets and deadlines, national reduction
    programmes, definition for Integrated Crop Management (ICM), promotion of
    alternative pest control methods, controls over unsafe application practices,
    minimum education requirements as well as standards for application
    equipment, coordinated pesticides monitoring and data collection, inventories
    of pesticide sales and uses, taxes on pesticide products.

                                                                                86
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   Inclusion, in the review of the Plant Protection Products Authorisation
    Directive 91/414/EEC,
    a. Exclusion criteria based on intrinsic properties
    b. The substitution principle, including substitution with other pest control
        methods and systems.
    c. Clearer and better criteria for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as basic
        equirements for “proper use” concept.


Activities Envisaged

•   to develop alliances with composting producers, and competent authorities
    with aim of achieving our goals.
•   to hold ongoing dialogue on this issue with Commission.
•   to involve European Parliament in securing the adoption of support for the
    Pesticides Action Network’s work, including discussion of Thematic Strategy,
    and bringing in link with agriculture and water policies.
•   campaign for a rapid shift from discussion papers to Directive.


Activities Accomplished

•   EEB continues to support the work of PAN, especially since several member
    organisations are involved both in the REACH process and in pesticides.
    Strategic synergistic effects are expected as the messages are very similar.
•   The expertise members gained through the REACH work can be capitalised
    on. Besides, the REACH key message (substitution) is repeated by
    communication around pesticides.
•   As Thematic Strategy’s publication was delayed until 2006, work with
    European Parliament was unable to start.

Publications

General

•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 39 of October 2005 (page 2) – “Europe’s 7
    thematic environmental strategies: from debate to action?”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf
•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.4.6.5
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_4.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf




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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

4. EFFECTIVE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION



4.a. Environmental governance in the EU

Aims for 2005

•   Adoption of draft Directive on Access to Justice and Regulation to apply
    Aarhus to the EU institutions and bodies, in accordance with amendments of
    European Parliament in first reading (April 2004)
•   Ratification of Aarhus Convention by EU (officially ‘European Community’
    until this is changed).
•   Good environmental governance in broadest sense, through a combination of
    pro-active EU Institutions and a public that is well-informed about rights and
    opportunities and able to use them.

Activities Envisaged

•   Mobilise support for EP first reading amendments among Member States and
    encourage new EP to stick with these.
•   Monitor implementation of public participation code of conduct and where
    necessary, highlight lack of performance.


Activities Accomplished

Participatory Democracy

As Chairman of the Civil Society Contact Group (CSCG), EEB’s Secretary
General has led this Group’s activities to promote participatory democracy. The
CSCG held discussions with Commissioners Wallström and Kallas on their
initiatives to promote civil dialogue, transparency and accountability (also of
NGOs), and the role the Commission sees for the European Economic and
Social Committee (EESC) for consultations. The CSCG also undertakes activities
to influence the outcome of Financial Regulations review.

Since May, EEB’s Secretary General has also chaired a Steering Committee
which assists the CSCG secretariat in a 15-year project to investigate and
promote participatory democracy in practical ways, both at EU and national
levels.

In June, EEB began talks on whether there should be regulations on
transparency and accountability for professional lobbyists in Brussels.

More information about the CSCG: http://www.act4europe.org/code/en/hp.asp.



                                                                                88
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Events/meetings

•   15 February: SG leads delegation of Civil Society Contact Group to
    Commissioner Wallström: her plans on civil dialogue, citizens’ summits etc.
•   5 April: lunch with Lena Ag, of Wallström’s Cabinet, on participatory
    Democracy (as chair of CSCG)
•   13 April: SG represents CSCG at meeting with Mr. Nymand-Christensen, of
    the Secretariat-General, about the performance of the Commission’s
    consultation methods
•   19 May: SG led meeting with Commissioner Kallas about preparations for the
    European Transparency Initiative.
•   September: EEB took part in Internet consultation on a Commission proposal
    for Member States’ scrutiny of NGOs in relation to terrorism. EEB also called
    on its members to take part.
•   6 October: SG chaired a one-day NGO conference on the future of Europe (in
    light of the crisis on the Constitution), with a very good discussion with
    Commissioner Wallström.
•   Report see:
        http://act4europe.horus.be/module/FileLib/6%20October%20report%202.p
        df


Applying the Aarhus Convention

a. The Regulation to apply the Convention to the EU level

The weakening of the draft Regulation to implement “Aarhus” at EU level in the
Common Position agreed by the Environmental Council in December brought a
strong response from the EEB:

•   11 February: EEB writes to COREPER (Ambassadors of the EU Member
    States) protesting against the foreseen ratification of the Convention, as the
    EEB thinks it is uncertain the Convention will really be implemented (in
    particular the Access to Justice pillar)
•   14 February: press-release on the above action: “Environmentalists call for
    postponement of EU ratification of Aarhus Convention”
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_postpone_eu_ratification_Aarhus_1402
       05.htm
•   9 March: EEB sent proposals to the EP rapporteur and shadow-rapporteurs
    to, in second reading, avoid the Council’s ‘weaknesses’ and stick with the
    improvements the EP voted for in first reading. Since then: contacts with the
    Rapporteur, Mrs. Korhola. As the Council postponed the official advice to the
    EP about its position, Mrs Korhola’s actual work could start only in August.
    The EEB then developed more contacts and presented suggestions to the
    MEPs of the Environment Committee, with considerable success.
•   7 October: briefing to EP Env Cie members and observing the discussion on
    18 October

                                                                                89
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

       http://www.eeb.org/activities/transparency/regulation-eeb-briefing-
       071005.pdf
•   The EEB then sought the cooperation of other G-10 members, in particular
    CEE-Bankwatch, became active.
•   16 November: G-10 appeal to Env Cie Members for support of particular
    amendments, and voting list.
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/transparency/Environment-Committee-EP-
       vote-AarhusReg-161105.pdf
•   22 November: observing the vote, and press release of G-10 organisations on
    result of EP Env Cie: “European Parliament vote brings Aarhus Convention
    application back on track”
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/Aarhus-Regulation-Joint-press-statement-
       221105.pdf
•   9 January 2006: Memorandum – Access of environmental organisations to
    the European Court - Proposal for an "Aarhus" Regulation, COM (2003) 622
    (by Ralph Hallo/SNM)
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/transparency/memo-ralph-hallo-to-eeb-AtoJ-
       reg-090106.pdf

Other activities

•   19 September: EEB Secretary General gave presentation at Aarhus
    Conference in Helsinki.

b. PRTR Directive (Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers)

In April, EEB became involved in EP’s second reading on the PRTR-Directive,
also a result of the Aarhus Convention. In practice, Mary Taylor of EEB Member
FoE EWNI did most of the work, on the basis of individual contacts with MEPs
and their assistants.

•   26 April: letter from EEB to MEPs to present a set of specific proposals for the
    PRTR Directive.
•   27 May: EEB PRTR demands in letter to Environment Council

c. Directive on Access to Justice

•   The Irish and Dutch Presidencies had refused to start negotiations on the
    draft Directive. Reason was resistance from a large group of countries. The
    EEB had been protesting this and encouraged Luxembourg to do so. The
    Luxembourg Presidency indeed picked it up (to little effect).
•   January: call for work on this Directive in Memorandum to Luxembourg
    Presidency
•   27 May: call for work on this Directive in letter to Council
•   July: call for work on this Directive in Memorandum to British Presidency.




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                                EEB - Activities Report 2005

Aarhus and EU in General EEB Documents

•       EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.2 – Public Involvement in
        Environmental Decision-Making
           http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_2.pdf
•       EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
           http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•       Letter to Environment Council of 24 June 2005
           http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Env-Council-24June-260505.pdf
•       EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
           http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
           June05.pdf
•       EEB Memorandum to the UK Presidency and Ten Tests
           http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
•       EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the British Presidency of the
        EU, July to December 2005
           http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
           201205.pdf

Results

The most tangible result was the very positive vote in the Environment
Committee on the Regulation on Aarhus for EU Institutions.


4.b. Working with the Presidencies

Aims for 2005

•       Encourage each Presidency to give priority to environmental and sustainable
        development issues
•       Encourage each Presidency to work in a transparent and participatory
        manner
•       Work with each Presidency in order to be in closer contact with the decision
        makers.

    Activities Envisaged

    •    Production of Memorandum and Ten Tests for the Luxembourg
         (starting January 2004), British and Austrian Presidencies (for
         2006)
    •    Assessment of Luxembourg and British Presidencies
    •    Possibly: special event during Luxembourg Presidency on Lisbon
         and Gothenburg Strategies.
    •    Possibly: special event during British Presidency on either Cardiff
         Process, Rural Development or the result of the Thematic
         Strategies
    •    Production of Priorities for 2006 (addressed to Austria, Finland
         and Commission).                                                          91
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Activities Accomplished

Luxembourg (1st half 2005)

•   First days of January: production and distribution of Luxembourg
    Memorandum and Ten Tests.
•   6 January: EEB took part in press conference on Ten Tests in Luxembourg.
•   10 February: EEB meeting with Prime Minister Juncker to discuss the Spring
    Summit.
•   25 February: Luxembourg Ministers take part in EEB Conference in
    Luxembourg on Lisbon and environment.
•   14 February: Letter to Environment Council regarding number of issues on
    March agenda.
•   9 March: Meeting and reception with Ministers at Luxembourg Permanent
    Representation in Brussels. EEB Secretary General led discussion together
    with Minister. Main issues were Lisbon process, climate change and
    biodiversity.
•   25 April: EEB meets Austrian environment attachés to discuss activities first
    half 2006.
•   23 May: Luxembourg Presidency takes part in EEB conference on Natura
    2000.
•   May: Letter to Environment Council of June.
•   24 June: EEB participates in reception organised by Greenpeace in
    Luxembourg, ahead of June Council.
•   29 June: EEB assessment of the Luxembourg Presidency finalised, published
    and distributed.

United Kingdom (2nd half 2005)

•   From 2004 already, contacts were established with British officials, partly
    through EEB-UK member, Green Alliance.
•   29 April: EEB gives presentations, has discussions, with group of DEFRA
    officials, in Brussels.
•   May: EEB contributed to Guide to British Presidency.
•   14-15 July: SG takes part in Presidency conference of SD national experts, in
    Windsor.
•   19 July: EEB meets British environment attachés in Brussels.
•   2 September: EEB Secretary General took part in dinner of informal
    Environmental Council in London.
•   22 September: letter to Environmental Council on issues on 17/10 agenda
    [we had a problem with a mistake in the letter requesting a 30% reduction of
    greenhouse gas emissions by 2030].
•   9 November: letter to Environmental Council on issues on 2/12 agenda.
•   1 December: EEB Sec Gen organises and co-chairs discussion between
    Environment Council and G-10.
•   13 December: Discussion at DEFRA in London about EEB’s provisional
    assessment of the British performance against EEB’s Ten Tests, with

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                             EEB - Activities Report 2005

    participation of all relevant DEFRA staff and several representatives of EEB
    members, as well as its Sec Gen.
•   20 December: EEB assessment of the British Presidency finalised, published
    and distributed.

2006 Presidencies (Austria – Finland)

•   Contacts with officials of both Environment Ministries were established from
    early 2005.
•   10 March: EEB sent priorities letter for 2006 to Austria, Finland and
    Commission.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/priorities-2006-final-140305.pdf
•   19-20 September: Sec Gen had meetings with Finnish Environment Minister
    and high level officials in Helsinki about EEB’s and the Ministry’s priorities for
    2006, and possible cooperation.
•   1 December: Dinner between EEB Board delegation and head of Austrian
    Ministry for Environment and Agriculture, to discuss EEB’s and the Ministry’s
    priorities.
•   Production of the Memorandum and Ten Tests for Austria.
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/Memorandum-Austria-120106.pdf
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Ten-Green-Tests-for-Austrian-
        Presidency-FINAL-040106.pdf - in English
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Ten-Green-Tests-for-Austrian-
        Presidency-FINAL-DE-040106.pdf - in German

2007 Presidencies (Germany and Portugal)

•   15 November: took part in meeting of DNR about the forthcoming German
    Presidency.

Publications

•  EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
     http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
• Letter to Environment Council of 10 March 2005
     http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Letter-Ministers-EnvCounci-
140205.pdf
• Letter to Environment Council of 24 June 2005
     http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Env-Council-24June-260505.pdf
• EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
     http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
     June05.pdf
• EEB Memorandum to the British Presidency and Ten Tests
     http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
• Letter to Environment Council of 17 October 2005
     http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20050922-letter-env-council.pdf
• Letter to Environment Council of 2 December 2005

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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

      http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20051109-EEB-Letter-to-Env-
      Council-Dec02.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the British Presidency of the
    EU, July to December 2005
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
      201205.pdf

Press Releases

•   6 January: Ten Green Tests for Luxembourg with Lisbon in the middle
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_luxembourg_presidency_060105.htm
•   6 January : Dix tests verts pour le Luxembourg avec Lisbonne au centre
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_luxembourg_presidency_060105_FR.ht
       m
•   6 January: Zehn Grüne Tests für Luxemburg mit Lissabon im Zentrum
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_luxembourg_presidency_060105_DE.ht
       m
•   28 June: EEB assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg
    Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_assessment_lux_presidency_280605.ht
       m
•   1 July: EEB Ten tests to the British Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_ten_green_tests_UK_presidency_0107
       05.htm
•   19 December: EEB verdict on British Presidency performance "Climate
    results overshadowed by a Financial Perspective that fails to deliver for the
    environment"
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_EEB_verdict_UK_presidency_201205.h
       tm

Articles in Metamorphosis

N° 36 – January 2005:
• “The Dutch presidency: Biking against the wind” by Ralph Hallo, EEB
   President
• “Green energy for Luxembourg?” by Tit Mannon, Vice-president of Natura
• “Ten Green Tests for the Luxembourg Presidency”
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-36.pdf
N°38 – August 2005
• “Luxembourg Presidency: Leadership on Lisbon and Climate – Open to civil
   society organisations” by Tit Mannon, vice-president of Natura, EEB Board
   member
• “Tony Blair’s Challenges” by Guy Thompson, Director Green Alliance, EEB
   Board member
• “Ten Green Tests for the UK Presidency”
      http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-38.pdf


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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Results

The EEB successfully continued its role as facilitator for direct discussion
between representatives of the Environmental Council, including Ministers and
the Green-10.

Its intensive relations with the Luxembourg Presidency were particularly fruitful
over the role of the Council and European Council in restoring the importance of
the Lisbon Process’s environmental dimension, improvement of the Integrated
Guidelines and a sound Declaration on Guiding Principles.

The meeting at DEFRA to evaluate the British Presidency with officials on the
basis of the EEB Ten Tests was a unique exercise.

We also agreed with the British Presidency to organise a roundtable between
environment ministers and the EEB about the new Sustainable Development
Strategy. That roundtable was to take place on the 1 December, but that failed
owing to the delays over the publication of that Strategy by the Commission. The
idea was then taken up by the Austrians for the 8 March 2006.


4.c. Enlargement

Aims for 2005

•   Effective and influential environmental movements in candidate countries
•   Eu policies towards candidate countries which have a positive impact on
    environment and sustainable development
•   A special policy, for candidate countries, which is attractive to the vast
    majority of farmers, and focused on preventing deterioration of biodiversity,
    impoverishment of rural areas, escalation of water quality and quantity
    problems and chemical exposure.
•   Eu assistance programmes which benefit environment and sustainable
    development.
•   Expand eeb membership in these countries.
•   Help environmental organisations in potential accession countries to make
    good use of eu’s environmental ‘acquis’.

Activities Envisaged

•   Provide a reliable ongoing information point for EEB members
    and EEB's partners about issues relevant to the accession
    process, and in particular for its members and partners in the
    candidate countries on relevant EU policy developments.
•   Involve EEB partners from candidate countries (directly and
    indirectly) in the EEB’s work with EU institutions on
    enlargement.
•   Ongoing involvement by candidate countries’ environmentalists
    in EEB’s work, especially through our Working Groups.                           95
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005



Activities Accomplished

Information on possible funding sources and project opportunities was sent to
specific countries/organisations throughout the reporting period.

Also gathered information about further developments related to accession of
Bulgaria and Romania and distributed to relevant groups.

•   20 January: meeting at EP with Latvian MEP - R.Zile (Brussels)
•   26 January: meeting with Baltic Environmental Forum on possible future co-
    operation (Brussels)
•   9 February: meeting with Paul Kosterink/Milieukontakt Oost-Europa to
    discuss future cooperation and EEB's involvement in common projects related
    to candidate countries and South Eastern Europe (Brussels)
•   16 March: meeting in DG ENLA to discuss future cooperation with new
    Member States and Candidate countries (Brussels)
•   6-8 April: participation and presentation on EU enlargement in Velko
    Tarnovo/Bulgaria at the Danube Environmental Forum
•   27 April: meeting/interview with researcher from Queen's University, Belfast
    (Simona Davidescu) on consequences of EU enlargement and development
    of environmental movement in Central and Eastern European countries
    (Brussels)
•   27 April. meeting with Austrian environment attaché
•   29 April: presentation to DEFRA (British Environment Ministry ) group of
    officials in Brussels
•   3 May: Submitted bid for tender NGO Forum to DG Environment
•   16 May: meeting with Victor Ananias/Bugday (Turkish NGO) on enlargement
    work and potential EEB membership
•   23 May: meeting with Victor Ananias (Turkish NGO) to discuss future
    cooperation on enlargement
•   28 June: EEB Secretary General took part in 15th Anniversary Regional
    Environment Centre for CEE (REC), in Sentendre – Hungary.
•   27 September: attended meeting in London on Partnerships for
    Environmental Cooperation in Europe
•   4 October: meeting with Vasilios Nikitas/DG ENLA-TAIEX on Croatia and
    Turkey
•   30 October: meeting with Ms Klebanova/MP from Kazakhstan – in EU
    Visitors’ programme
•   14 November: meeting with DG Env on new NGO Forum
•   29 November: meeting with Radek Motzke/Environmental Law Service from
    Czech Republic - on implementation of environmental legislation in New
    Member States and possible future cooperation
•   30 November: meeting with Johanna Pollari/The Baltic Institute of Finland -
    on our work with new member states, potential new candidate countries and
    EECCA countries

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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   8-9 December: advised and assisted on preparation of Capacity Building
    workshop in Bucharest, Romania – see under question 1.n).
•   15-17 December: Enlargement brainstorming workshop for Accession and
    Candidate Countries as well as for Western Balkan countries (Brussels) – see
    under question 1.k).

Publications

•   December: “Looking ahead to the future of EU enlargement” – 500 copies
      http://www.eeb.org/activities/enlargement/future-of-EU-enlargement-
      271205.pdf


Results

EEB continues to be a reliable source for environmental organisations in
accession countries regarding information about, and access to, the European
Union. In 2005, a further Turkish organisation joined the EEB, and activities with
organisations in Croatia and Macedonia were established which might lead to
membership in 2006.
EEB is also regularly asked for insights and advice by other organisations and
institutions.

EEB’s experience and role was recognised when DG Environment appointed it to
organise the Forum for dialogue with NGOs from accession countries and other
non-EU Balkan countries.

Time constraints prevented the EEB from becoming involved in-depth in REREP.


4.d. The Aarhus Convention for the wider Europe and Globally

Aims for 2005

•   Full implementation of the Aarhus Convention by all Parties and Signatories
•   Inclusion of GMO-related decision-making in the Convention.
•   Raising public awareness of Aarhus Convention and its potential, in particular
    by jointly organising specific activities before and during the forthcoming
    Meeting of Parties, in Kazakhstan, May 2005.
•   Promotion of the Convention's principles for other international fora.

Activities Envisaged

•   Coordination and leadership of the Public Participation
    Campaigns Committee of the European Ecoforum.
•   Involvement in Bureau’s work and official meetings of the
    Convention.
•   Fundraising for this campaign.
•   Continued publication of ‘Participate’ magazine and web-site.
                                                                                 97
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


Activities Accomplished

EEB’s Secretary General is Chair of the Public Participation Campaigns
Committee of the European Ecoforum. He also represents NGOs in the Bureau
of the Aarhus Convention. The EEB also coordinates the campaign until there is
sufficient funding for a full-time coordinator. This funding was not found in 2005.

EEB constantly updated website and seven list servers for a total of 646
contacts.

In the first five months of the year, activities focused on a positive outcome of the
Second Meeting of Parties in Almaty in May and a well-organised NGO presence
there.

•   31 January: EEB Secretary General took part in Bureau meeting of the
    Convention (regular observer).
•   1-3 February: Sec Gen and Mara Silina took part in Working Group of
    Meeting of Parties, to prepare for MOP 2 in Kazakhstan.(Geneva).
•   February: Preparations for Working Group of Parties, including letters to
    government officials and NGOs throughout the region in English and Russian.
•   17 February: presentation in Warsaw to public authorities on Aarhus
    Convention and related EU legislation in frame of TAIEX programme for New
    Member States.
•   28 February-1 March: Sec Gen took part in Friends of the Chair Group to
    review draft Guidelines on Public Participation in International Forums,
    Brussels.
•   25-26 March: EECCA countries’ NGOs’ workshop in Almaty (Kazakhstan) to
    prepare for the MOP-2 – 33 participants – Agenda, List of participants and
    Summary (only in Russian) available on request.
•   end February-March meeting - preparations of the workshop and fundraising-
    related activities
•   3 May: EEB Secretary General briefs MEP Harms ahead of her participation
    in MOP in Almaty.
•   22-24 May: Bureau and Working Group Parties attended by Secretary
    General and Mara Silina (Almaty).
•   25-27 May: EEB Secretary General and Mara Silina took part in Second
    Meeting of Parties (Almaty).
•   22-23 May: organised and held European ECO Forum Strategy meeting on
    Aarhus Convention, Almaty – 66 participants.
•   24-27 May: organised participation and input from NGOs at MOP-2, Almaty.
•   June: finalised and disseminated NGOs statements as well as distributing
    most relevant official documents from MOP-2 to Aarhus list servers.
•   28 June: presentation in Maastricht at EIPA on Aarhus Convention.
•   27 July: sent letter to range of world environmental organisations informing
    them of adoption of Aarhus Guidelines on Public Participation in International
    Forums. Contacted range of international NGOs seeking input for discussion
    on applicability of Almaty Guidelines to other International Forums.
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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   20 September: presentation on Aarhus Convention for group of Bulgarian
    public authorities in frame of TAIEX programme.
•   Autumn: Prepared Participate N° 19 and disseminated it to Aarhus lists as
    well as EU Correspondents list. Organised Russian translation for newsletter.
    Collected information for issue N° 20 of Participate newsletter.
•   7-8 November: coordinated participation and input from NGOs for Task Force
    meeting on Electronic Information Tools in Geneva – 12 participants – short
    report available.
•   16-17 November: initiated and helped organise workshop on PRTRs for
    environmental NGOs from EECCA countries (Moscow) – 24 participants –
    recommendations are available in Russian.
•   16-17 November: EEB Secretary General attended Aarhus Bureau in
    Geneva.
•   17-18 November: EEB Secretary General attended Aarhus Capacity Building
    Meeting in Geneva.
•   24-25 November: organised and led NGO participation at Task Force meeting
    on Public Participation in International Forums (Geneva) – seven participants
    – short report available.
•   December: Prepared Public Participation Campaign’s draft work programme
    2006 and sent to PPCC for comments and further suggestions. Finalisation.

Publications

•   24 January: Letter addressed to Parties and Signatories of the Aarhus
    Convention
•   February: ECO Forum briefing paper on GMOs prepared by John Hontelez,
    Serhiy Vykhryst and Juan Lopez
•   25-26 March: EECCA countries’ NGOs’ workshop in Almaty (Kazakhstan) to
    prepare for MOP-2 – Agenda, List of participants and Summary (only in
    Russian) available on request
•   13-15 April: Environmental NGO statement at Second PRTR working group
    meeting
•   11 May: Letter to Environment Ministers of Aarhus Convention Parties and
    Signatories, and European Commission
•   22-23 May: European ECO Forum Strategy meeting on Aarhus Convention,
    Almaty – Agenda and list of participants available
•   25 May: The Almaty Action Statement
       in English:
       http://www.participate.org/documents/DECLARATIONFinalfinalfinal-
       250505.pdf
       In Russian: http://www.participate.org/documents/ECO-Forum-
       DECLARATION-russian-final-250505.pdf
•   27 May: Contribution to High level segment Second MOP Aarhus Convention
    – by John HONTELEZ – Chair, Public Participation Campaign Committee of
    European ECO Forum
       http://www.participate.org/conferences/PANEL-CONTRIBUTION-JH-
       270505.pdf

                                                                               99
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Press Releases

•   14 February: Environmentalists call for postponement of EU ratification of
    Aarhus Convention
       http://www.participate.org/pr_postpone_eu_ratification_Aarhus_140205.ht
       m
•   24 May: GMO fight moves to Central Asia: EU accused of double standards -
    Almaty/Brussels
       in English: http://www.participate.org/conferences/ECO-Forum-press-
       release-GMOs-240505.pdf
       in Russian: http://www.participate.org/conferences/ECO-Forum-press-
       release-GMOs-russian-240505.pdf
•   27 May: Civil Society celebrates victories for Public Participation on GMOs
    and in International Forums
       http://www.participate.org/conferences/ECO-Forum-press-release-
       270505.pdf
•   27 May: La société civile célèbre ses victoires qui lui permettent de s'exprimer
    au sujet des OGMs et dans les Forums internationaux
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/civil_society_celebrates_victory_almaty_F
       R_270505.htm

The Aarhus Convention in General EEB Documents

•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 10 March 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Letter-Ministers-EnvCounci-
       140205.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
       June05.pdf

Results

Following an exciting preparatory period, the Almaty Conference produced
gratifying results, including an agreement on an amendment including GMO-
related decisions into the public participation scope of the Convention and
Guidelines on Public Participation in International Forums. NGO involvement,
particularly from countries east of the EU, was impressive. The EEB played a key
role in all this.

4.e. European Ecoforum

Aims for 2005

•   To support the European Ecoforum in its basic tasks of maintaining NGO
    involvement in the Environment for Europe process.

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                                 EEB - Activities Report 2005


    Activities Envisaged

    •    Active membership of the Ecoforum’s Co-ordination
         Board.

Activities Accomplished

•       Ecoforum activities mainly took place in several bodies set up by the
        Environment for Europe process over the course of years.
•       The EEB is leading work on the Aarhus Convention, see above.
•       Limited assistance to Chair of ECO Forum’s coordination board on high-level
        meeting in Vilnius on education for sustainable development.
•       7 June: attended meeting on Information Strategy at UNECE in Geneva
•       8 September: meeting with Piotr Gorbunenko/ECO Forum Board member
        from Moldova
•       10-13 October: Two EEB representatives participated in CEP/WGSO meeting
        focusing on preparations for Belgrade 2007 Environment for Europe
        conference
•       EEB Secretary General prepared proposal for Roundtable on Biodiversity to
        be organised by Ecoforum at the 2007 Conference.


5. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN MEMBER STATES


5.a. Implementation and enforcement of existing legislation

Aims for 2005

•       Full implementation and enforcement of EU Environmental Law.
•       An improved complaints procedure and sufficient staff capacity within the
        Commission for infringement procedures.

Activities Envisaged

•       Assistance to EEB members when needed to promote
        implementation and compliance.
•       If resources allow and EEB members’ interest is sufficient:
        researching how certain essential Directives (including Water
        Framework Directive, Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment
        Directive and Directive on IPPC) function.
•       Continued observer status at INTERREG North-West Europe:
        getting involved in selection of Structural Funds projects, aiming to
        ensure they respect EU environmental objectives and regulations.



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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

Activities Accomplished

See also some of the activities under Air and Water (both under 1c.) and Waste
(1.d.), which also fall under “implementation and enforcement”, in particular work
on snapshot reports and assistance to national groups.

•   Beyond plans listed in the Work programme, the EEB also began
    systematically tracking the European Parliament’s work (Environment and
    Petitions Committees) and providing information and suggestions to MEPs.
    Sending e-mails before sessions to draw MEPs’ attention to particular cases.
•   Developing an EEB policy to help DG Environment with better implementation
    and enforcement. Discussion with Secretary General of DG Environment at
    meeting on the 29 April.
•   EEB proposal for pilot project on implementation of environmental legislation
    in cooperation with DG Environment: First Air Quality Daughter Directive
•   Continued observer status at INTERREG North-West Europe
    (http://europa.eu.int/comm/regional_policy/interreg3/index_en.htm )
    involvement in selecting Structural Funds projects, aimed at ensuring they
    respect EU environmental objectives and regulations. These informal
    discussions were particularly useful as many representatives did not have an
    environmental background.
•   Collecting information about functioning of some key Directives, including the
    Water Framework Directive, with aim of obtaining better overview of
    implementation problems and preparing a “strategic complaint”. See water
    section under 1c. -
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/water/making-WFD-work-February05.pdf
•   Producing Snapshot Report on Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment
    Directive (SEA) in cooperation with Biodiversity. Working Group.
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/Final-SEA-report-271205.pdf
•   Quality of national implementation of Waste Landfill Directive: Snapshot
    report
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/waste/landfill/snapshot-report-landfill-
        directive-August2005.pdf
•   Particle reduction plans in Europe - Implementation of first daugther Directive
    on ambient air quality in Europe – Snapshot report
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/air/EEB_Snapshot_Report_Air.pdf
•   Whenever possible, assistance to EEB members when needed to promote
    implementation and compliance.
•   Drew attention to unsatisfactory level of enforcement by raising issue in
    discussions with high-level Commission officials.
•   Closely followed “better regulation” debate in Commission and strongly
    opposed any attempt to abuse this initiative to weaken existing environmental
    legislation.
•   Involvement in Paraquat court case (initiative by SNM, SNF and others to sue
    Commission for failing to ban this pesticide) was minimal. Court rejected
    case.


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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

Events / meetings

•   23 February: Discussion with Luxembourg Representative and Philippe
    Doucet, Programme Manager, on possibility of multi-programme project
    assessing SD aspects of INTERREG projects with intention of making
    recommendations for future projects.
•   14 April: participation at INTERREG meeting
•   17 May: Secretary General spoke at hearing on pre-proposal of Spanish
    Environment Ministry on Environmental Liability, Madrid.
•   30 June: Participation at Environmental Lawyers’ Network International
    (ELNI) workshop on enforcement: specific focus on Environmental Liability
•   1 July: Meeting with ELNI representatives at EEB to discuss strengthening
    cooperation
•   7 July: Meeting with RSPB on enforcement
•   22 September: INTERREG information session at EP
•   29 September: Meeting with DG ENV air and legal unit on enforcement and
    strategic complaints
•   15-16 October: Capacity building workshop in Madrid on environmental
    infringements and complaint preparation
•   19 October: Meeting with Spanish desk officer DG ENV legal unit
•   8 December: Meeting with DGENV legal unit on Irish complaints case
•   December: Meeting organised by new European Ombudsman

Publications / position papers / official letters

•  EU Environmental Policy Handbook – A critical analysis of EU Environmental
   legislation, with preface by Commissioner Dimas. It provides an excellent
   overview of EU environmental legislation in place that must be transposed
   into national legislation or for which the transposition period has expired and
   law must be applied. The book is on the EEB website. Translation into
   German was finalised in December. Work is underway for the Spanish
   translation. English version has been printed in 2,500 copies.
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/policy_handbook.htm
• 3 November: presentation of Handbook at press-conference with
   Commissioner Dimas.
       Press release: http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_handbook_launch-
031105.htm
• 17 May: Contribution to discussion on environmental liability – in English and
   Spanish
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/env_liability/liability-madrid%2005-17-05.doc
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/env_liability/liability-madrid-170505-
       SPANISH.pdf
• December: Letter to Commissioner Dimas in support of Spanish members in
   protest against Granadilla harbour projects.

General EEB publications


                                                                                103
                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 37 of April 2005 (page 3) –
    “Environmental crimes: the strong need for EU rules” by Mauro Albrizio, EEB
    Vice-President and Legambiente European Affairs Director
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH37-web.pdf
•   Article in our newsletter Metamorphosis n° 38 of August 2005 (pages 7-8) –
    “Putting environmental liability in practice: Spain sets the example” – by
    Jaime Doreste Hernandez, Environmental lawyer, Ecologistas en Accion
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-38.pdf
•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter V.3.3
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-5_3.pdf


Results

The most visible result is, clearly, the Handbook, possibly the most
comprehensive publication the EEB has ever produced.

The EEB also successfully assisted its Members in specific cases, and has
begun to develop a more systematic approach to failures of enforcement.


5.b. NATURA 2000 and Biodiversity

Aims for 2005

•   Follow the implementation of EU legislation on biodiversity.
•   Special focus on protection of Annex IV species, financial instruments and
    interpretation of Article 12.
•   Follow discussions and/or policy development around issue of ‘financing the
    management of the Natura 2000 network’.
•   Follow-up of Malahide process to reach 2010 biodiversity target (through
    participation in expert groups).
•   Input to preparations (manifesto and programme) of September 2005 nature
    conservation conference co-organised by Dutch EEB member Vereniging
    Natuurmonumenten, Europarcs, Eurosites.

Activities Envisaged

•   Organise two meetings of EEB Working Group on Biodiversity (possibly jointly
    with Agriculture WG) and maintain ongoing contacts through its list server.
•   Coordination of national activities by EEB members.
•   Contacts with EU officials about updating Annexes to Habitats Directive for
    proper levels of protection for endangered species.
•   Strengthen impact of environmental organisations in compliance procedures.
•   Monitor new policy initiatives.
•   Represent EEB in work of European Habitat Forum (possibly taking over EHF
    secretariat).
•   Monitor progress in follow-up to Malahide process on biodiversity (and future
                                                                              104
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

    Commission Communication expected at end 2004) and overall progress
    towards 2010 biodiversity target.
•   Work with other ngos to ensure adequate financing of Natura 2000 network
    management.
•   Informal and formal meetings with EC officials.
•   Work with new EP to strengthen nature conservation legislative work.
•   Participate in IUCN, WWF, RSPB and English Nature consortium to develop
    strategies to manage climate change and effects on biodiversity. A cautious
    approach is needed that reduces risk, plans for movement of species and
    keeps future management open.
•   Possibly: one year after enlargement: evaluate new Member States’ progress
    in implementing Habitats and Birds Directives; identify obstacles and
    achievements
•   Possibly: after one year monitor implementation of Directives and follow up
    any complaints by new Member States (feeding into EEB’s complaints
    procedure work).



Activities Accomplished

The EEB hired a new officer for agriculture, biodiversity and soil protection, who
started work on 1 March 2005.

EEB’s Biodiversity WG developed well. Ninety-one people are currently on the
list server, in most cases representing different organisations. Some 15 people
attend WG meetings, with additional people from Brussels- based groups.

Main points on the agenda this year were Financing Natura 2000, Biodiversity
Communication, Countdown 2010, writing a snapshot report on SEA and
Biodiversity as well as some cross-cutting issues with other WGs such as the
Soil Thematic Strategy and funding for the new European Agriculture Fund for
Rural Development.
Guest speakers at the first WG meeting (22-23 May) were (during the
conference session) Commission officials, Council Representatives, key MEPs
including Reimer Boege. During the second meeting (24 September) speakers
were from partner organisations such as the Countdown 2010 Initiative and the
Europarc foundation.

Involvement during the year varies according to issue and occurs by e-mail and
telephone, in response to general e-mails sent by the coordinator. Some take the
lead on, eg SEA, others on discussing Favourable Reference Values or Climate
Change.

On the practice of biodiversity protection, the EEB Biodiversity WG continued to
exchange national-level experiences. This led in particular to the production of a
snapshot report on the use of Strategic Environmental Assessment in national
practice in EU Member States as a tool to integrate biodiversity protection in
                                                                                  105
                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

planning decisions. An evaluation of implementing the Habitats Directive in New
Member States was not carried out as WWF already planned a similar report at
about the same time.

Work on biodiversity was closely linked to the debate on Financial Perspectives
and securing enough EU funding for Natura 2000. This work began with a big
public EEB event in Brussels to draw attention to the subject in the run-up to the
July summit. There were speakers from the three Institutions, including EP
Rapporteurs on Natura 2000 and Financial Perspectives. This event took place
back-to-back with this year’s first meeting of the Biodiversity WG. EP favoured
financing N2000, both in its position on Financial Perspectives, and on LIFE+
regulation and various related legislative proposals (see section on Financial
Perspectives).

The EEB co-organised the Apeldoorn Conference on Biodiversity, with the theme
of connectivity. Our co-organisers were the European Centre for Nature
Conservation (ECNC), Eurosite and Europarc, but in particular the Stichting
Natuurmonumenten, an EEB member which celebrated its 100th anniversary.
The conference brought together the three large European federations of which
the Stichting is a member.

EEB joined the Countdown 2010 Initiative as a joint effort, led by the IUCN, to put
biodiversity back on the agenda and follow-up implementation of the expected
Commission Biodiversity Communication, or 2010 roadmap. Detailed input was
given at the end of December on the content of the Commission’s Biodiversity
Communication. The publication of this Communication was postponed until
spring 2006.

Later in 2005, work on financing Natura 2000 focused on the Council discussion
on LIFE+ which resulted in preserving the EU’s dedicated biodiversity component
as well as a continuing the NGO programme.

The second meeting of the Biodiversity WG took place in parallel to the
Apeldoorn Conference and the EEB AGM on 24 September.
Detailed list of activities

•   19 April: meeting of NGOs, including EEB, with Catherine Day, to exchange
    ideas about financing Natura 2000. It was agreed that both NGOs and DG
    Env should work hard to make integration work and communicate more often.
    Next meeting was planned for June.
•   21 April: meeting with NGO coalition for Sustainable Funds at FoEE. It was
    agreed that, given the importance of SF for financing N2000, the EEB would
    become more active in the coalition and where possible provide support,
    specifically regarding Natura 2000.
•   3-4 May: European Habitats Forum meeting, external meeting with both DG
    Env and DG Agr
•   6 May: meeting with Rik Leemans, WUR and one of the main authors of the
    Millenium Assessment Report

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•   13 May: presentation at TAIEX to delegation of Turkish Cypriots on Natura
    2000
•   22 May: Combined EEB Biodiversity/Agriculture Working Group meeting –
    minutes available on request.
•   23 May: EEB public seminar on financing Natura 2000, in cooperation with
    the Spanish Fundación Biodiversidad – agenda, briefing for participants,
    seminar report, list of participants, press release and presentations available
    on our web-site
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/Index.htm
•   30 May: visit to Eurosite in Tilburg to discuss cooperation.
•   30 May: meeting with Dutch nature managers and Jooste Korte from
    Huebners’s Cabinet
•   31 May: meeting with Minister Huytebroeck, Brussels, on LIFE+/Fin 2000
•   1 June: evening on financing Natura 2000 in Styria office.
•   3 June: NGO coalition meeting with Erik von Breska from Huebners’s Cabinet
    on Strategic Guidelines for Structural Funds.
•   15 June: meeting with other NGOs and Ladislav Miko, DG Env.
•   15 June: attended Agr-Env advisory committee of DG Environment.
•   24 June: Steering group meeting for Apeldoorn conference in s Graveland.
•   2 July: meeting with ELNI (Environmental Law Network International)
    representatives on future cooperation.
•   14 July: meeting with IUCN Countdown 2010 initiative on joining the Steering
    Group.
•   25 July: WWF meeting on NGO work on biodiversity monitoring.
•   27 July: meeting with Peter Wick, DG Env, on INSPIRE Directive.
•   28 July: meeting with David Aspinwell, DG Env on SEA.
•   8 September: EEB spoke at conference ‘Roads and Environment’ in Wroclaw
    on NGOs’ view of Strategic Environmental Assessment.
•   22-24 September: European Nature Conference, co-organised by EEB,
    ECNC, Eurosite and Europarc, in Apeldoorn (NL).
•   24 September: EEB Biodiversity Working Group meeting – Back-to-back with
    Apeldoorn conference with contributions from IUCN/Countdown2010 and
    Europarc – minutes available on request.
•   3-4 November: Participated in C2010 Stakeholder meeting on C2010 Country
    Assessment in Copenhagen.
•   1 December: LIFE+ was one of the issues discussed at G-10 Environmental
    Council briefing EEB coorganised with British Environment Ministry DEFRA.
•   6-7 December: Participated in EEB capacity building workshop in Romania.
•   December: published report on Biodiversity and Strategic Environmental
    Assessment.

Biodiversity-related issues were dealt with in the EEB’s Memoranda to the
Luxembourg and British Presidencies, the Ten Tests and the Assessments of
both Presidencies. It was also one of the issues in the letter to the June and
October Environment Councils.



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Publications

Specific

•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 38 – “Millenium Ecosystem Assessment: can the
    EU meet the Challenge?”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPHOSIS-38.pdf
•   Article in Metamorphosis n° 39 – “The Appeal of Appeldoorn”
        http://www.eeb.org/publication/METAMORPH-39.pdf
•   BirdLife, EEB and WWF voting recommendations on LIFE+ to Environment
    Committee of the EP – 26 April 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/ENVI-vote-on-LIFE+BirdLife-
        EEB-WWF-brief-1-260405.pdf
•   Briefing for participants in seminar on financing Natura 2000
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/seminar-report-230505.pdf
•   Seminar report on financing Natura 2000 (May conference)
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/seminar-report-230505.pdf
•   The Apeldoorn Appeal – 23 September 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/climate-change-factsheet.pdf
•   Proceedings of the “European Nature Conference” – Apeldoorn, 21-25
    September 2005
        http://www.natureconference.org/default.asp?id=173
•   Climate change and effects on nature: the importance of ecological corridors
    – November 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/climate-change-factsheet.pdf
•   BirdLife, EEB and WWF – NGO position statement on LIFE+: 2 December
    2005 Environment Council
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/LIFEplus-NGO-statement-2-
        Dec2005-Env-Council.pdf
•   Biodiversity in Strategic Environmental Assessment – Quality of national
    transposition and application of the SEA Directive – Results of an NGO
    questionnaire survey – December 2005
        http://www.eeb.org/activities/biodiversity/Final-SEA-report-271205.pdf


General

•   EU Environmental Policy Handbook – Chapter IV.2
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/chapter-4_2.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/MemotoLuxemburgPresdiency.pdf
•   Letter to Environment Council of 24 June 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/Env-Council-24June-260505.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/Assessment_of_Luxembourg_Presidency_
       June05.pdf
•   EEB Memorandum to British Presidency and Ten Tests
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/UK-MEMORANDUM-July-2005-final.pdf
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•   Letter to Environment Council of 17 October 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/General/20050922-letter-env-council.pdf
•   EEB Assessment of the environmental results of British Presidency of EU,
    July to December 2005
       http://www.eeb.org/publication/EEB-Assessment-of-UK-Presidency-
       201205.pdf

Press releases

•   9 March: Parliament to cast crucial vote on funding nature conservation
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_vote_funding_nature_conservation_090
       305.htm
•   27 April: EEB welcomes strong position of European Parliament Environment
    Committee on funding for nature conservation
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_welcomes_strong_EPENVcie_funding_
       nature_protection_270405.htm
•   24 May: Parliament the key to Natura 2000 financing
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_parliament_240505.htm
•   7 July: with BirdLife to welcome vote in Parliament on LIFE+ - European
    Parliament breathes LIFE into environment
       http://www.eeb.org/press/2005/pr_EP_breathes_LIFE_into_environment_
       070705.htm

Results

The Snapshot Report on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and
Biodiversity comes ahead of the Commission’s implementation report, looking at
the quality of transposition and at biodiversity and climate change, in order to
assess the level of integration of biodiversity into planning and programming in
Member States. The report also aimed to raise awareness among NGOs and the
biodiversity community of the potential this instrument has for integrating
biodiversity. This was also confirmed by the prominent role the Commission
gives to SEA as a key delivery instrument for the 2010 biodiversity target.

The EEB, with other NGOs, has contributed to a positive direction in discussions
in the three Institutions regarding the contribution of LIFE+ to the implementation
of Natura 2000. We had considerable success with the Fund for Rural
Development, given the political agreement that at least 25% of this Fund is to be
set aside for the priority of ‘improving the environment’ from which Natura 2000
can be financed. In the parallel process for Structural Funds, work is already
progressing relatively successfully in funds which follow codecision and less
successfully where the assent procedure is followed. Still undecided and of major
importance is the partnership principle and a stand-alone article within the
general regulation dealing with the administration and management of the
cohesion and structural funds. Following the cuts to the EAFRD budget as a
result of the deal on Financial Perspectives, structural funds have become even
more important financially for funding N2000.


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Three major European organisations active in nature conservation, Europarc,
Eurosite and the EEB, were invited by their Dutch member Natuurmonumenten
to hold a major conference in the Netherlands to strengthen the fight against
biodiversity decline in Europe. They were later joined by the European Centre for
Nature Conservation (ECNC). Natuurmonumenten celebrated its 100th
anniversary. The theme of the conference was ‘connectivity’, a term frequently
used in ecology but which can also be applied in other fields. One of the main
reasons for hosting a joint conference was the growing awareness among
participating organisations that, to meet the challenge of halting biodiversity loss
by 2010, they had to cooperate in the most efficient way possible. Connectivity
between organisations is as important as connectivity between habitats and
ecosystems.

The EEB took this opportunity to hold both its Annual General Meeting and the
twice-yearly meeting of its Biodiversity WG back-to-back with this conference.
Thus members of the EEB most closely involved with its work on biodiversity
were able to reinforce their networks, share experiences and plan. To crystallise
this commitment to enhanced cooperation and meeting the target of halting the
loss of biodiversity, the four international organisations issued a joint appeal, the
Apeldoorn Appeal. The appeal received strong support from conservation
colleagues such as IUCN, BirdLife International, WWF, EUCC, Euronatur, Youth
and Environment Europe and took shape within the framework of the Countdown
2010 Initiative.

The Apeldoorn Conference was a first and unique gathering of all the major
European organisations active in nature conservation. It improved cooperation
and ‘connectivity’ between these organisations by bringing together over 600
participants from all over Europe. One of the more tangible outcomes of the
conference was the Apeldoorn Appeal, which calls for improved connectivity
between natural areas, different sectors and between policy and practice.

Countdown 2010 is a promising initiative to cooperate and coordinate the
activities of NGOs, governments and other stakeholders to implement the
Biodiversity Strategy or 2010 Delivery Plan. Its most interesting aspect is the
assessment of Member States’ efforts to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2010,
looking at policy response and implementation. This exercise will start in 2006
and there is a potential role for EEB members to play at national level.


6. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION


6.a. OECD

Aims for 2005

•   Better knowledge and use of relevant OECD work by environmental
    organisations in OECD member countries

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•   Better contacts between the OECD and environmental movement from those
    countries.

Activities Envisaged

•   Inform environmental organisations in OECD countries about
    relevant work done in OECD and opportunities to get involved.
•   Organise the actual involvement of such organisations in OECD
    events
•   Liaise with OECD, in particular Environmental Policy Committee and
    Directorate Environment, to discuss OECD's programme and public
    participation.
•   Maintaining a list server of interested environmental organisations



Activities Accomplished

In January the Greek Government announced it no longer wished to support the
EEB in this work (it had done since 1999). So EEB reduced its involvement. It
continued to distribute information to environmental NGOs in OECD countries
interested in OECD’s work, but stopped sponsoring their participation financially,
and did not visit the OECD for the first few months. In June, the OECD itself
offered EEB a grant, so EEB’s previous activities could be resumed.

Activities/seminars/conferences

•   25 February: Director General of the Environment Directorate, L. Lorentzen,
    speaks at EEB conference on sustainable development. His speech at:
       http://www.eeb.org/activities/sustainable_development/FEB-2005-
       LUXEMBOURG-EEB-Conference.pdf
•   7-9 September: EEB coordinates NGO participation in OECD Workshop on
    the Safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials, held in Washington DC.
•   3-4 October: Sec Gen took part in OECD Annual Meeting of Sustainable
    Development Experts (AMCSDE). A report was subsequently distributed.
•   5 October: EEB coordinates NGO participation at OECD Workshop on
    Reform of Environmentally Harmful Subsidies, held in Paris.
•   20 October: EEB coordinates NGO participation at SIAM 21 meeting held in
    Washington DC.
•   9 November: EEB Sec Gen attended hearing of Environment Policy
    Committee of OECD about its work programme for 2007-2008.
•   21 November: Chair OECD EPOC visits EEB.
•   28-29 November: EEB co-ordinates NGO participation in OCED Workshop on
    Sustainable Materials Management held in Seoul, South Korea.
•   30 November: PAN/EEB participation in OECD RRSG Seminar on
    Application Technology in Wellington, New Zealand.



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Results

The EEB continues to regard the OECD as an important vehicle for
environmental and sustainable development research and policy development. It
sees regular evidence that NGOs’ involvement in discussions within the OECD is
necessary to balance input from the Business and Industry Advisory Committee.
EEB’s activities also increase NGOs’ familiarity with OECD, and increasingly
bring OECD staff into relevant discussions in the EU.


6.b. EU-Mediterranean Partnership

Aims for 2005

•   Support environmental organisations in Euro-Mediterranean region in their
    efforts to raise profile of environmental issues in EU-Mediterranean
    partnership.
Envisaged Activities

•   Continue EEB's contribution to work of Comité de
    Suivi
•   Continue its role in Board of Mediterranean
    Information Office for Environment, Culture and
    Sustainable Development Education.

Activities Accomplished

•   EEB continued its participation in Comité de Suivi (CdS), formed by: Arab
    Network for Environment and Development (RAED), Environment and
    Development Action in the Third World (ENDA), European Environmental
    Bureau (EEB), Friends of the Earth (FoE/MedNet Programme),
    Mediterranean NGO Network for Ecology and Sustainable Development
    (MEDForum), Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and
    Sustainable Development (MIO-ECSDE), World Wide Fund for Nature
    Mediterranean Programme (WWF/MEDPO).
•   EEB continued to sit on Board of Mediterranean Information Office for
    Environment and Sustainable Development Education.
•   It also helped set up cross-sectoral Platform of NGOs for organisation of civil
    society dialogue in framework of EuroMedPartnership which was officially
    launched in April.
•   It continued to support environmental organisations in Euro-Mediterranean
    region in their efforts to raise profile of environmental issues in EU-
    Mediterranean partnership.
•   The long-awaited Sustainable Development Assessment of the Euro-
    Mediterranean Free Trade Zone was started in 2004 and produced the first
    reports in 2005. Environmental organisations had been campaigning for this
    important assessment for some ten years. EEB regrets that its limited
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    capacities do not allow it to play a lead role in monitoring this process and
    take a more active part in it.
•   EEB participated in discussions on European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)

List of meetings attended

•   15 February: EEB participated in Belgium national consultation organised in
    preparation of EuroMed Civil Forum.
•   11-12 March: participation at Civil Society Conference on Mediterranean
    Strategy for Sustainable development (MSSD), Rome. The conference
    participants adopted the “APPEAL from Mediterranean environmental NGOs
    addressed to the Barcelona VII Conference of Euro-Mediterranean Ministers
    of Foreign Affairs (Luxembourg, 30-31 May) and Euro-Mediterranean Heads
    of Government Summit (Barcelona, November 2005)”.
•   1-3 April: EEB Secretary General took part in the EU-Mediterranean Civil
    Society Forum in Luxembourg, and in meeting setting up EU-Med Civil
    Society Platform. Environmental Organisations are henceforth represented on
    the Platform’s Board by Anastasia Roniotes (MIO-ESDE).
•   18 May: participation at seminar on Barcelona Process organised by
    Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung.
•   19-20 August: Participation as member of Comité de Suivi (CdS), which has
    observer status, at Short and Medium-Term Priority Environmental Action
    Programme (SMAP) Correspondents meeting, Athens.
    CdS co-ordination meeting over this period.
•   30 September - 2 October: EEB Secretary General took part in Euro-Med
    Forum Platform meeting in Malaga.
•   2 October: EEB Secretary General took part in Regional Consultation with
    Civil Society, on Sustainability Impact Assessment of Euro-Mediterranean
    Free Trade Area.
•   20 October: Seminar on European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) – Maghreb
    countries, organised by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES).
•   5-6 December: Seminar on ENP jointly organised by WWF EPO and Böll
    Foundation.
•   19 December: EEB Secretary General took part in conference in Barcelona
    on Commission “Horizon 2020” conference.
•   MIO Board meetings :
    - 9 December, Cairo
    - 9 October, Athens
    - 26-27 November, Athens


Publications / position papers / official letters

•   In March, adoption of “APPEAL from Mediterranean environmental NGOs
    addressed to Barcelona VII Conference …” (see above)
•   Environment Commissioner forgets Mediterranean Sustainable Development
    Strategy in speech to European Parliament - Environmental NGOs press
    release (June 24th, 2005)
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                           EEB - Activities Report 2005

       http://www.eeb.org/activities/mediterranean/Dimas-forgets-Mediterranean-
       SDS-in-Speech-to-EP-240605.pdf
•   Comité de Suivi (CdS) Activities report to SMAP Correspondents meeting,
    Athens September 19-21, 2005
•   September: CdS letter to high-level Commission officials, expressing its
    concern about draft declaration for Barcelona Summit (suggesting
    acceleration of trade liberalisation without waiting for outcome of SIA)
•   NGO paper on “The Euromediterranean Partnership and Sustainable
    development - Ten years down the Line (September 2005)” [Initiative by
    FoEMednet]
•   Contribution to drafting of CdS SIA draft report on Phase II
•   16 November: CdS paper regarding SIA Phase II “Mediterranean Free Trade
    – Costly and No Real Benefit Foreseen”.
•   24 November: CdS Press Release “Environmental NGOs appeal to
    Barcelona extraordinary meeting of Heads of State or Government to give
    central importance to sustainable development in future work of Euro-
    Mediterranean partnership”.
•   30 November: CdS Press Release “Tenth Anniversary Summit on EuroMed
    partnership:
•   Environmental NGOs welcome commitments on sustainable development
    and de-pollution”
•   19 December: CdS speech on “Horizon 2020” initiative

Results

The two organisations which contribute most to the CdS’s work remain MIO and
FoE Mednet. EEB provides its political expertise and has played a particular role
in involving environmental NGOs in setting up the cross-sectoral Platform and in
evaluating the first stages of the SIA’s work.

6.c. Transatlantic Environmental Dialogue

Between 1998 and 2000, the EEB was co-organiser of the Transatlantic
Environmental Dialogue. This had the dual objective of promoting and organising
dialogue between the EU and US environmental movements, analysing and
commenting on the development of the EU-US relationship at official level,
particularly regarding the environment. In 2001 the cessation of US co-
sponsorship put the TAED on hold. EEB discussed the revival of this dialogue
with the World Watch Institute, in Washington DC, unfortunately they did not
manage to relaunch it in 2005.




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7. EEB ORGANISATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


7.a. Capacity building

Aims for 2005

•   Effective national environmental movements in all EU Member States in
    promoting and advocating EU environmental policy-making and
    implementation.
•   An increased active membership base for the EEB, who work closely with
    each other and with the EEB office in Brussels.
•   Better to relate our knowledge and experience regarding EU legislation and
    policy-making to the agendas of our national members
•   Strengthened relationships between EEB and national environmental
    authorities through its members.


Activities Envisaged

•   Systematic production of Briefings: short and easy accessible and translate-
    able materials that introduce relevant EU issues: description of subject,
    environmental objectives, relevance to national agendas, history within the
    EU, the timetable, expected resistance and coalitions, what to do as part of a
    national environmental movement, the role the EEB foresees for itself and the
    help needed.
•   Strategic advice to members
•   Up to ten one- or two-day national training workshops, to bring together
    people less familiar with EEB's work and who possibly also face language
    barriers. The workshops are rather basic in nature: the relevance of EU
    legislation and policies for national environmental policies and practices,
    opportunities and limits, the way the EU works (decision-making processes);
    EEB’s role and its relationship with its members, successes and their
    determining factors, hot issues on current and short-term agenda,
    opportunities to get involved, implementation and enforcement, how to go
    about this, (where appropriate) the working of Structural Funds: theory and
    practice.
•   If space allows, internships for EEB member staff at the EEB office.
•   Project cooperation on request and within EEB's capacities.


Activities Accomplished

In 2005 the EEB continued with the ‘Capacity Building’ initiative which started in
2004 with similar objectives and a similar workshop structure.




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Publications and Presentations

•   Powerpoint presentations on EEB’s structure, networking and main objectives
    including brief details on some of the most important campaigns (in English,
    French, Spanish and German) and one on enforcement (in English) were
    updated and completed.
•   2-4 page briefings on several policy areas were also produced.

Activities / seminars / meetings

•   19-20 March: Participation and presentation at Turkish capacity building
    seminar, organised by REC Turkey
•   10 May: EEB Secretary General gave half-day workshop to staff of Swedish
    Nature Conservation Society
•   27 June: EEB Secretary General gave half-day workshop to Hungarian EEB
    members
•   15-16 October: 1½-day capacity-building workshop in Madrid, Spain, on
    “Infracciones ambientales y elaboración de quejas ante la Comisión Europea”
    (environmental infringements and preparation of complaints). The workshop
    was organised by Ecologistas en Acción with an intensive programme for the
    first day which took the form of a seminar on environmental infringements and
    complaints to the Commission. It was an excellent programme with a very
    interesting combination of speakers, who presented the problem of non-
    respect of EU legislation and the complaints procedure from many different
    angles. The speakers included a representative from the Spanish Ministry for
    Foreign Affairs and from the Environment Ministry, the head of the legal unit
    of the EU Commission’s DG Environment and the former head of the legal
    unit, a representative of the Spanish Permanent Representation, and many
    NGOs. On the first day of the workshop more than 50 NGO representatives
    participated – representing national, regional and local organisations. Their
    very strong and active participation in the discussions reflected their concern
    about the non-respect of EU environmental legislation in Spain and the
    problems they face when submitting complaints. On the morning of the
    second day a smaller group of NGOs heard a presentation on the role of the
    EEB and how NGOs can play a part in the EU decision-making process. This
    was followed by a discussion on how to improve the involvement of Spanish
    NGOs and also on the outcome of the seminar and the appropriate follow-up.
    As a result of the workshop the NGOs started to collect complaints cases
    that, in their view, have been dealt with in an unsatisfactory way.
    The workshop report is available in English and Spanish.

•   10 November: the EEB held a capacity building workshop on waste policy at
    HUMUSZ (Waste Reduction Alliance – and EEB-Member) offices in
    Budapest, Hungary.

•   11-12 November: Coastwatch Ireland organised the capacity-building
    workshop in Dublin, Ireland, under the title “Direct Public Participation in
    Environmental Protection and Management” focused on “Aarhus and Access
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    to Information”, both problem areas in Ireland. The 40-plus participants were
    mainly NGO representatives and students from the Dublin College, but also
    included some representatives from local and national authorities. Jeremy
    Wates, Secretary to the Aarhus Convention, UN Commission for Europe,
    gave a comprehensive paper on the Aarhus Convention Access to
    Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in
    Environmental Matters – from UN Convention to local implications. After a
    presentation on provisions in EU legislation for civil society participation, for
    the right to be informed, participants split up into smaller groups to discuss
    case studies, matching theory with practical experience. The afternoon
    session first took a closer look at the “Water Framework Directive (WFD) and
    Public Participation” followed by a presentation on “Public Participation,
    Access to Environmental Information and Justice in Ireland – the Way
    Forward”. The second day in the morning Coastwatch offered the possibility
    of participating in a field trip to see the harbour, a landfill site and a Natura
    2000 site. At the end of the morning an NGO delegation had a meeting with
    government officials to discuss the possible improvement of access to
    information and also better participation of NGOs in the political processes.
    The workshop report is available in English.

•   8-9 December: Capacity building workshop "NGO Capacity building in the
    process of Romania's integration in the EU and country's readiness for
    implementation of harmonised environmental legislation" took place on
    December 8-9, 2005 in Bucharest, in Romania. The local organiser was ECO
    Counselling Centre in cooperation with other EEB members in Romania. John
    Hontelez, Secretary General, and Pieter De Pous, EU Policy Officer for
    agriculture, biodiversity and soil, attended the workshop from EEB Brussels.
    Attended by 30 NGOs from different parts of Romania, the meeting discussed
    among other things how to strengthen cooperation between the EEB and
    Romanian NGOs on issues related to the EU Environmental Policy, Natura
    2000, Structural and Cohesion fund, and sustainable development. Agenda of
    the meeting, list of participants, summary report and presentations are
    available in English.

•   8-9 December: The capacity-building workshop in Latvia took place on 8-9
    December, 2005 in Riga. The local organiser was Friends of the Earth Latvia.
    The first day the meeting took place at the Ministry of Environment and was
    attended by Ministry officials as well as the Chair of the Environment
    Committee of the Latvian Parliament. The main aim of the first day was to
    show how the EEB works on EU Environmental Policy and where, why and
    how national organisations can and have to get involved and can have an
    input. The second day the workshop addressed how the EU works on the
    environment and the role of civil society in this work. It also discussed specific
    areas of environmental policy, namely the 6th Environmental Action
    Programme Thematic Strategies and Air Quality in more detail, how lobbying
    works and what NGOs should know. From the national experiences the
    workshop participants learned about the campaign on REACH, the air quality
    programme and agriculture policy and the work of NGOs in this field. The
    EEB office was represented by Kerstin Meyer, EU Policy Officer in charge of
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    air and urban development, and Mara Silina, EU Enlargement Coordinator.
    Altogether some 30 people from different organisations took part in the
    workshop. Agenda of the workshop, brief outcomes and presentations by
    Mara Silina and Kerstin Meyer are available in English. Presentations of
    Latvian experts are available in Latvian.

•   15-16 December: A two-day capacity building workshop in Berlin, Germany,
    with the title “Seminar zur EU-Umweltpolitik: Umwelt und Wettbewerb; EU-
    Fonds für Umweltschutz“(Seminar on EU environmental policy: environment
    and competition; EU funds for the environment). The DNR EU coordination
    managed again to organise an excellent workshop, attended by 63 people
    over two days, with interesting presentations and good and lively discussions.
    In the evening of the fist day they organised a reception at which German
    Environment Minister Gabriel participated. It was held at the premises of the
    Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH), an organisation that had only joined the EEB in
    September 2005.

    During the session on financing environment protection in the EU, the main
    discussion topics included: Which EU funds are available for environmental
    protection, how environmental NGOs can influence the spending of EU funds,
    what you need to know to apply for funding. Other sessions discussed how
    the EU functions, including a presentation on the role of the Commission by a
    representative from the Commission office in Berlin; and new policy trends in
    the Commission under President Barroso. Presentations and workshop
    report are available in German.

•   17 December: EEB capacity-building workshop, Paris, France,
    “Biocarburants: quels enjeux et quelles actions locales, nationales,
    européennes?” with a special focus on the promotion of biomass and biofuels
    through the Commission’s Biomass Action Plan. The workshop was
    organised by France Nature Environement in cooperation with Pieter de
    Pous, EU Policy Officer for agriculture, biodiversity and soil who represented
    the EEB at the workshop. The meeting was attended by 23 people, mainly
    NGO representatives. At the morning session the European policy context
    was on the agenda: the plans and proposals from the Commission and the
    presentation of study results on bioenergy from the research institute
    ADEME. The afternoon session then looked into actions the EEB takes at EU
    level, how it works with its members, how its positions are defined and how it
    cooperates with other NGOs. It was clear that there was an issue over
    languages, since EEB cannot afford to use translators. This often creates
    difficulties in communicating important information promptly and clearly to our
    francophone members and getting their input.

Publications

•   Briefings on the following issues:
           o 6th EAP
           o Aarhus
           o Agriculture
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         o Air
         o Chemicals
         o Ecological Product Policy
         o Enforcement
         o Enlargement
         o LIFE+
         o Mercury Campaign
         o Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
         o Waste – Management Policy and Waste Streams
         o Waste – Thematic Strategy
         o Water Framework Directive (WFD)
•   Workshop reports in different languages

Results

Feedback from the workshop participants was very positive. The majority
expressed spontaneous interest in participating in similar events in future.
Members welcomed the opportunity to discuss one specific issue they have
chosen, paying special attention to their national concerns, yet in an EU context.
For EEB, it is especially interesting also to meet NGO representatives who
cannot usually manage to attend Brussels events. Since capacity building
workshops are delivered in the national language, we can reach new people. The
workshops also help the EEB to learn more about its members’ information
needs - what kind of information is needed and what form it should take.
Cooperation strategies within the EEB are also explored - what works well and
what is missing. The workshops, then, are mutually beneficial, they improve
knowledge of EU issues and the impact they have on national policies and
strengthen cooperation between the EEB and its members. In some cases
workshops have also facilitated discussions between NGOs and government
officials which might otherwise have been harder to organise.


7.b. EEB’s Annual Conference

This occurs back-to-back with the EEB's Annual General Meeting. It is used to
organise an event around a major topic of concern to the European
environmental movement, in a form that allows direct discussion with
representatives of EU decision-making institutions. So far this event has always
been held in Brussels. The 2005 event will be an exception. At the invitation of
EEB's Dutch Member Vereniging Natuurmonumenten, which is celebrating its
100th anniversary, the EEB Annual Conference will be a joint event with VN,
Europarks and Eurocites, on Biodiversity, with special focus on the EU’s goal of
halting the decline in biodiversity by 2010. It will be organised in Apeldoorn, in the
Netherlands, on 24 September. The EEB Annual General Meeting will be
organised at the same venue.




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7.c. Information Clearing House

Aims for 2005

•   Informed EEB members able to intervene in EU environmental policies;
•   Effective experts groups;
•   Effective Working Groups.


Activities Envisaged

•   Dissemination of frequent and reliable information by EEB, based on good
    information input and an electronic output system; this includes a fortnightly
    internal electronic magazine “In Brief” and frequent ad hoc mailings of
    position papers, copies of press releases etc, as well as EEB’s newsletter
    “Metamorphosis”.
•   The EEB office frequently receives visitors singly and in groups and deals
    with scores of specific questions from members and the general public each
    month.



Activities Accomplished

The EEB continued the regular information dissemination, both own initiative and
in response to requests, and also both in writing and orally.
Four Metamorphosis issues were published as planned. However only very few
In Brief were sent to the members.
The EEB received again many visitors, groups and individuals, and participated
in numerous meetings at other places.
The many press releases issued by the EEB were distributed to the press and
EEB members at the same time.

7.d. Representation of EEB Views

Aims for 2005

•   To promote EEB’s positions and assessments among interested stakeholders
    and politicians.
•   To be in continuous dialogue at all levels with the relevant EU political and
    technical bodies, in particular also involving national representatives (Board).

Activities Envisaged

•   Production of quarterly magazine Metamorphosis. Distribution currently
    around 3,300 copies.
•   Production or co-production of specific newsletters and bulletins, EEB
    currently collaborates on “Participate”.
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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

•   Production of Priority Lists, “Ten Green Tests” and Memoranda for
    Presidencies. The Memoranda currently have a distribution of 800 copies.
•   Meetings with high-level officials, including Commissioners, Ministers, EEA,
    Parliamentarians, etc.
•   Special contacts with Presidencies to collaborate on specific items of
    common interest.
•   Frequent dissemination of press releases and occasional press conferences.
•   Frequent production of position papers, occasional production of background
    documents and handbooks.
•   Maintenance and improvement of the EEB homepage containing all relevant
    documents.
•   Occasional conferences to facilitate discussion between EEB and decision-
    makers and/or stakeholders, potential coalition partners etc.
•   Frequent involvement of Commission officials in (parts of) Working Group
    meetings.
•   Regular presentations on EEB work and current priority issues to visitors
    groups – mainly students, or civil servants from local and regional level.



Activities Accomplished

All the envisaged activities form part of EEB’s ongoing activities and were
accomplished as foreseen.


7.e. Role of EEB Staff

The Commission’s increased grant and the continued support of EEB’s members
and a number of governments made it possible for EEB slightly to expand its
working capacity in the office. This particularly helped EEB’s work on agriculture
and biodiversity. Thanks to a special grant from the Sigrid Rausing Trust, a
special campaign to phase out the use of mercury began in November 2004.

EEB staff in Brussels focussed primarily on work in the following sectors:
agriculture, biodiversity, chemicals, air, waste, water, industry, product policy,
and Thematic Strategies. It also provides assistance to members working on
noise. Work on Sustainable Development, Article 6 Watch and Governance
continued to be led by the Secretary General. Legambiente continued to lead
the work on GMOs and it started information exchange and coordination of
tourism related work, including the organisation a of a conference in Italy.




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                                            ANNEXES

ANNEX 1: Financial Report

                                                                    Expressed in EUR

                   1. - BALANCE SHEET                         31st Dec. 2005   31st Dec. 2004


  Current Assets
   Assets
               Furniture                                             18,463            17,922
               Guarantees                                            14,573            14,346
               Sub-Total - Assets                                    33,037            32,268
   Receivables
             Subvention from European Commission                    466,772          293,813
             Other Subventions                                      161,541          133,407
             Bad Debts - Subventions                                -12,500          -12,500
             Membership Fees due                                     19,734           14,605
             Other Debtors                                           17,052           29,798
               Sub-Total - Receivables                              652,598          459,122
   Liquidity
               Bank                                                 294,195          144,098
               Deposit Accounts                                     280,000          300,000
               Cash                                                     167               77
               Sub-Total - Liquidity                                574,362          444,175


               Total Current Assets                                1,259,996         935,566


  Current Liabilities
               Provisions                                           128,420          124,111
               Trade Debts                                          185,265          139,822
               Subventions to be reimbursed by the EEB               51,014           47,089
               Deferred Income                                      568,204          365,210
               Other Creditors                                       40,307           66,225
               Total Current Liabilities                            973,210          742,457


  Net Assets                                                        286,786          193,108


  Capital and Reserves
               Accumulated Results                                        0             -416
               Results of the Year                                        0          -30,262
               Reserve Fund [ Working Capital ]                     286,786          223,786


               Total Capital and Reserves                           286,786          193,108
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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


                     2. - INCOME                               EUR
1. - European Commission
           DG Environment – Core                            928,277
           DG Environment – Other projects                    1,677
Sub-total - 1. - European Commission                        929,954
2. - Governments
           Austria                                           17,687
           Belgium                                           46,664
           Denmark                                           10,000
           Finland                                           15,000
           France                                            40,000
           Germany                                           46,616
           Hungary                                           14,964
           Luxembourg                                        16,000
           Netherlands                                       42,906
           Norway                                            28,747
           Slovakia                                           5,000
           Spain                                             25,751
           Sweden                                            26,781
           United Kingdom                                    36,065
Sub-total - 2. - Governments                                372,180
3. – Institutions
           OECD                                               7,027
           The Sigrid Rausing Trust                         399,822
           UNECE                                              3,049
           Other                                              3,000
Sub-Total - 3. - Institutions                               412,898
4. - Organisations
          FOEEWNI + Greenpeace                               12,980
          Green-10                                            4,425
          WWF - EPO                                           3,630
Sub-Total - 4. - Organisations                               21,035
5. - Other Income
          Miscellaneous                                      23,246
          Financial Income                                    6,094
Sub-Total - 5. - Other Income                                29,340
6. - EEB Members
          Membership Fees 2005                               85,988
          Membership Previous Years                          13,587
          Extraordinary Membership Fees                         130
Sub-Total - 6. - EEB Members                                 99,705
7. - Extraordinary Income
          Extraordinary Income                                4,624
Sub-Total - 7. - Extraordinary Income                         4,624

TOTAL INCOME                                               1,869,736
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            EEB Income 2005



        Other Income
           1.6%
         Eur 29,300      EEB Members           Extraordinary
                            5.3%               Income 0.2%
      Organisations       Eur 99,700             Eur 4,600
         1.1%
       Eur 21,000


                                                      European
                                                     Commission
 Institutions                                          49.7%
   22.1%                                             Eur 930,000
Eur 412,900




  Governments
    19.9%
  Eur 372,200




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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005


                        3. - EXPENDITURE                   Budget    Expenditure
                                                            AGM
A. - General Costs
       1. Mission and Meetings                              15,000        19,717
       2. Office Costs                                      62,000        73,377
       3. Communication Costs                               71,000        73,522
       4. Financial Expenditure                             10,500         8,959
       5. Miscellaneous                                      6,500         6,229
       Sub-Total - A. - General Costs                      165,000       181,803

B. - Salary Costs
        1. Secretary General’s Unit                        141,654       157,735
        2. EU Policy Unit                                  242,842       307,772
              Redistributed to D. – Special Campaigns                    -61,491
        3 Information & Communication Unit                 149,384       116,282
        4. Support Unit                                    144,659       143,802
        5. President Secretariat                            10,000        12,500
        6. Other Salary Costs                               17,453        19,804
        7. Volunteers                                        8,000         9,130
        Sub-Total - B. - Salary Costs                      713,992       705,534

C. - Activities
        1.a. - Chemicals                                    28,850        40,952
        1.c.1. - IPPC                                       24,900         7,818
        1.c.3. - Ecological Product Policy                  16,800        13,906
        1.d. - Water                                        22,950        20,225
        1.e. - Air Pollution                                19,950         8,419
        1.g. - Waste Policies                               19,450        26,611
        2.a. - Financial Perspectives                       16,000             0
        2.b. - Environmental Fiscal Reform                  26,950         3,029
        2.c. - Agriculture                                  20,450         2,349
        2.e. - Natura 2000 and Biodiversity                 21,950        19,811
        3.a. - Sustainable Development                      38,650        50,424
        3.b. - Enlargement                                  24,000        13,374
        3.c. - Article 6 Watch                              46,950             0
        3.e.1. - TS on Urban Environment                    19,450             0
        3.e.2. - TS on Soil Protection                      11,950         3,506
        3.e.3. - TS on Air Pollution                         6,950        20,817
        3.e.4. - TS on Waste Recycling and Prevention       10,900         2,803
        3.e.5. - TS on Resource Efficiency                  15,900         1,698
        3.g. - Working with the Presidencies                19,000           619
        5.a. - Implementation and Enforcement                1,670             9
        6.a. - Liaison with the OECD                         6,000         4,166
        7.a. - Capacity Building                            32,000        34,805
        7.b. - EEB's Annual Conference                      47,500        47,217
        Representation of EEB's Views                       55,000        75,046
        Sub-Total - C. - Activities                        554,170       397,604




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D. – Special Campaigns
       1.a. - Chemicals Reaction                            75,000     198,637
       1.h. - Zero Mercury                                 202,712     206,680
       4.b. - The Aarhus Convention                        100,000      71,372
       Ecoforum                                                  0       1,710
       New NGO Forum                                             0          95
       Sub-Total - D. – Special Campaigns                              478,494

E - Extraordinary Costs
       Final Payment for former book-keeper                             12,622
       Sub-Total – E. - Extraordinary Costs                             12,622

F. – Previous Years Deficit carried forward
       Deficit end 2003                                                    416
       Deficit 2004                                                     30,262
       Sub-Total – F. - Previous Years Deficit carried
     forward                                                            30,678

G. - Allocation to Working Capital
        Membership Fees                                                 63,000
        Sub-Total – G. - Allocation to Working Capital                  63,000


       TOTAL EXPENDITURE                                  1,433,162   1,869,736

          TOTAL INCOME                                                1,869,736

          FINAL RESULT                                                         0




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                              EEB - Activities Report 2005

ANNEX 2: EEB Member Organisations

Full & Associate Members by Country* (after AGM 2005)

ALGERIA            Association Ecologique de Boumerdes*.
AUSTRIA            NFI - Naturfreunde Internationale; ÖAL – Österreichischer Arbeitsring Für
                   Lärmbekämpfung*; ÖKÖ-BÜRO - Co-ordination Bureau of Austrian
                   Environmental NGOs; Umweltdachverband.
BELGIUM            BBLv - Bond Beter Leefmilieu Vlaanderen; BRAL - Brussels Raad Voor Het
                   Leefmilieu; EFCF – European Federation of City Farms; EFLA – European
                   Foundation for Landscape Architecture*; Escaut Sans Frontières
                   Grenzeloze Schelde; EUFED – European Union Federation of Youth
                   Hostels Associations*; IEB - Inter Environnement Bruxelles; IEC - Intitut Eco
                   Conseil; IEW - Inter Environnement Wallonie; IFAW - International Fund for
                   Animal Welfare.
BULGARIA           Borrowed Nature Association; CEIE - Centre for Environmental Information
                   and Education.
CYPRUS             Federation of Environmental & Ecological Organisations of Cyprus.
CZECH              EPS – Environmental Law Centre; IEP - Institute for Environmental Policy;
REPUBLIC           SSL - Society for Sustainable Living; YEE - Youth and Environment Europe;
                   ZK-Zeleny Kruth/GC-Green Circle.
DENMARK            DN - Danmarks Naturfredningsforening; DOR - Det Oekologiske Raad.
ESTONIA            ESNC - Estonia Society for Nature Conservation; Peipsi Center for
                   Transboundary Cooperation.
FINLAND            Finnish Association for Nature Conservation; Natur Och Miljo - The Finnish
                   Society for Nature and Environment.
FRANCE             4D – Dossiers et Débats pour le Développement; ADEDE – Assoc. pour le
                   Développement de l’Economie et du Droit de l’Environnement*; ASPAS -
                   Association Pour la Protection des Animaux Sauvages; CLAPE LR - Comité
                   de Liaison des Assoc. Pour L’Environ. Du Languedoc-Roussillon; CNIID –
                   Centre National d’Information Indépendante sur les Déchets; CREPAN;
                   Environnement et Santé; FNE - France Nature Environment; FRAPEL;
                   HELIO International; IDFE – Ile-de-France Environnement;MDRGF –
                   Movement for the Rights and Respect of the Future Generation ;
                   SEPANSO; SFDE - Société Française pour le Droit de L’Environnement.
GERMANY            BHU – Bund Heimat und Umwelt in Deutschland*; BUND - Friends of the
                   Earth; BVF e.V. - Bundesvereinigung Gegen Fluglärm; DAL - Deutscher
                   Arbeitsring Für Lärmbekämpfung E.V.; DUH – Deutsches Umwelthilfe e.V.;
                   DNR - Deutscher Naturschutzring; GRÜNE LIGA; NABU - Naturschutzbund
                   Deutschland; ÖKO-INSTITUT e.V. - Institute for Applied Ecology; SDW –
                   Schtzgemeinschaft Deutscher Wald; UECNA – European Union Against
                   Aircraft Nuisances*; UVP - GESELLSCHAFT e.V.; WWF-Deutschland.
GREECE             Ecology Club of Corfu; Elliniki Etairia; HSPN – Hellenic Society for the
                   Protection of Nature; Mediterranean SOS Network; Pan-Hellenic Network of
                   Ecological Organisations; WWF-Greece.
HUNGARY            CAAG - Clean Air Action Group; CEEWEB - Central & East Europe Working
                   Group for the Enhancement of Biodiversity; CES - Center for Environmental
                   Studies Foundation; EISD - Ecological Institute for Sustainable
                   Development; HUMUSZ – Waste Reduction Alliance; MTVSZ - National
                   Society of Conservationists; Vedegylet Egyesület – Protect the Future.
IRELAND            An Taisce; EENGOCF – Environmental (Ecological) NGOs Core Funding;
                   Irish Coastal Environmental Group*; IWT – Irish Wildlife Trust.
ITALY              Legambiente; Marevivo; Federazione Nationale Pro Natura.
LATVIA             LDF – Latvian Fund for Nature; VAK – Environmental Protection Club.
LITHUANIA          LGF - Lithuanian Fund for Nature.
LUXEMBOURG         Lëtzebuerger Natur- a Vulleschutzliga; Mouvement Ecologique; Natura.
MALTA              NTM – Nature Trust Malta
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                         EEB - Activities Report 2005

NETHERLANDS   ANPED - Northern Alliance for Sustainability; De Faunabescherming;
              Natuurmonumenten; NSG – Nederlandse Stichting Geluidhinder*; SNM -
              Stichting Natuur En Milieu; Stichting Mondiaal Alternatief; Stichting
              Reinwater; Vereniging Milieudefensie – FoE Netherlands;
              Waddenvereniging; WECF - Women in Europe for a Common Future.
NORWAY        Bellona; NFMS – Norwegian Association against Noise.
POLAND        CPE - Environmental Law Center; ISD - Institute for Sustainable
              Development.
PORTUGAL      CPADA - Confederacao Portuguesa Das Associacoes de Defesa Do
              Ambiente; GEOTA - Grupo de Estudos de Ordenamento do Territorio e
              Ambiente; LPN - Liga Para a Proteccao da Natureza; NPEPVS - Nucleo
              Portugues de Estudo e da Vida Selvagem; QUERCUS - Associaçao
              Nacional de Conservaçao da Natureza.
ROMANIA       CCEG – Centrul de Consultanta Ecologica Galati; Focus Eco Center; GEC
              Bucovina – Ecological Groups for Cooperation.
SERBIA AND    Ecological Movement of the City of Novi Sad*.
MONTENEGRO
SLOVAKIA      SPZ – Spolocnost Priatel’ov Zeme/FoE; STUZ/SR – Society for Sustainable
              Living – Slovak Republic.
SLOVENIA      ITR – Institut Za Trajnostni Razvoj - Institute for Sustainable Development;
              UMANOTERA - The Slovenian Foundation for Sustainable Development.
SPAIN         ADEGA - Asociasion para a Defensa Ecoloxia de Galizia; CIDN - Consejo
              Iberico para la Defensa de la Naturaleza; ECODES - Ecology and
              Development Foundation; Ecologistas en Acción; Ecomediterrania; ITACA;
              MED Forum - Mediterranean NGO Network for Environment and
              Sustainable Development; MEDITERRANEA – C.I.E. - Initiatives Ecology
              Center.
SWEDEN        CHEMSEC – International Chemical Secretariat; SSNC - Swedish Society
              for Nature Conservation; SE – Swedish Ecodemics; Swedish NGO
              Secretariat on Acid Rain*
TURKEY        BUGDAY – Association for Supporting Ecological Living; CEKUL –
              Foundation for the Protection of Environment and Cultural Heritage ; TEMA
              - Cayir çimen Sok. Emlak Kredi Bloklari.
UK            AEF - Aviation Environment Federation; CIEH - Chartered Institute of
              Environmental Health; CPRE - Council for the Protection of Rural England;
              ELF - Environmental Law Foundation; FERN; FoE England, Wales &
              Northern Ireland; FoE Scotland; Green Alliance; Greenpeace UK; LINK -
              Scottish Environment Link; The National Trust; NSCA - National Society for
              Clean Air and Environmental Protection; PAN Europe – Pesticide Action
              Network; RSPB - Royal Society for the Protection of Birds; TCPA - Town
              and Country Planning Association; WildLife & Country Side Link; The
              Wildlife Trusts; WWF-UK.




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                            EEB - Activities Report 2005

ANNEX 3: EEB Executive and EEB Staff

EEB Executive Committee 2005-2006 – as elected by the AGM 2005 on 25
September 2005

      AUSTRIA                                     ESTONIA
      Birgit REINER                               Juhan TELGMAA
      Umweltdachverband                           ESNC – Estonian Society for
      reiner.eu@umweltdachverband.at              Nature
                                                  Conservation
      BELGIUM                                     nature@hot.ee
      Catherine WATTIEZ
      IEB – Inter Environnement                   FINLAND
      Bruxelles                                   Eero YRJÖ-KOSKINEN
      catherine.wattiez@skynet.be                 Finnish Association for Nature
                                                  Conservation
      BELGIUM                                     eero.yrjo-koskinen@sll.fi
      Jacqueline MILLER
      EEB Treasurer                               FRANCE
      IEB - Inter Environnement                   Georges CINGAL
      Bruxelles                                   EEB Vice-President
      jacquelinemiller@tiscali.be                 Sepanso – FNE
                                                  georges.cingal@wanadoo.fr
      BULGARIA
      Petko KOVATCHEV                             GERMANY
      CEIE – Centre for Environmental             Nika GREGER
      Information and Education                   DNR – Deutscher Naturschutzring
      petko@ceie.org                              nika.greger@dnr.de

      CYPRUS                                      GREECE
      Chrystia LYRA                               Kostas VASSILAKIS
      FEEO – Federation of                        Elliniki Etairia
      Environmental &                             elet@ellinikietairia.gr
      Ecological Organisations of Cyprus
      chrystia.lyra@oikologiafeeo.org             HUNGARY
                                                  Erzsébet SCHMUCK
      CZECH REPUBLIC                              EEB Vice-President
      Eva KRUZIKOVA                               MTVSZ – National Society of
      IEP – Institute for Environmental           Conservationists
      Policy                                      schmuck@mtvsz.hu
      eva.kruzikova@ecn.cz
                                                  IRELAND
      DENMARK                                     Frank CORCORAN
      Michael MINTER                              An Taisce
      DN – Danmarks                               frank.corcoran@dit.ie
      Naturfredningsforening
      Danish Society for Conservation of          ITALY
      Nature                                      Mauro ALBRIZIO
      mm@dn.dk                                    EEB Vice-President
                                                  Legambiente
                                                  legambiente@skynet.be


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      LATVIA                                       SLOVAKIA
      Janis ULME                                   Vladimir IRA
      VAK – Environmental Protection               STUZ/SR – Society for Sutainable
      Club                                         Living (Slovak Republic)
      janis.ulme@vak.lv                            geogira@savba.sk

      LUXEMBOURG                                   SLOVENIA
      Théodore MANNON                              Anamarija SLABE
      Natura                                       ITR Institute for Sustainable
      t.mannon@internet.lu                         Development
                                                   anamarija.slabe@itr.si
      THE NETHERLANDS                              SPAIN
      Arjan BERKHUYSEN                             Samuel MARTIN SOSA
      SNM – Stichting Natuur en Milieu             RODRIGUEZ
      a.berkhuysen@natuurenmilieu.nl               Ecologistas en Accion
                                                   internacional@ecologistasenaccion
      NORWAY                                       .org
      Frederic HAUGE
      Bellona                                      SWEDEN
      frederic@bellona.no                          Mikael KARLSSON
                                                   EEB President
      POLAND                                       SSNC – Swedish Society for
      Aleksander KEDRA                             Nature
      ISD – Institute for Sustainable              Conservation
      Development                                  mikael.karlsson@snf.se
      Instytut Na Rzecz Ekorozwoju
      a.kedra@ine-isd.org.pl                       TURKEY
                                                   Ayse Yesim ERKAN
      PORTUGAL                                     TEMA
      Carlos Manuel G. LAGE                        yesime@tema.org.tr
      TEIXEIRA
      LPN – Liga Para a Proteccao da               UNITED KINGDOM
      Natureza                                     Guy THOMPSON
      mcarlosmglteixeiraPT@gmail.com               Green Alliance
                                                   gthompson@green-alliance.org.uk
      ROMANIA
      Petruta MOISI
      CCEG – Centrul de Consultanta
      Ecologica Galati
      eco@cceg.rao



Staff at the EEB Office in 2005

In 2005 the EEB employed these staff in the Brussels office:

Secretary General’s Unit

John Hontelez – Secretary General
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                          EEB - Activities Report 2005

Mara Silina – Enlargement, Public Participation and Capacity Building
Pendo Maro – Policy Officer – Fiscal Reform, Article 6 and OECD (p/t)

EU Policy Unit

Stefan Scheuer – EU Policy Director – Water and Fiscal Reform
Melissa Shinn – EU Senior Policy Officer – Ecological Product Policy, Waste and
Natural Resources
Kerstin Meyer – EU Policy Officer – Clean Air, Noise and Urban Environment
Mecki Naschke – EU Policy Officer – Chemical and Industry Policies
Pieter de Pous – EU Policy Officer – Agriculture, Biodiversity and Soil (from
March)
Anja Leetz – Chemical Reaction Campaign Coordinator

Information and Communication Unit

Regina Schneider – Head of Unit – Liaison Officer and Capacity Building
Caroline Bretelle – Press and Publications Officer (until June) (p/t)
Gemma Parkes – Press and Publications Officer (from August) (p/t)
Mara Silina – Capacity Building

Support Unit

Axel Jansen – Head of Unit – Finance and Personnel Manager
Chantal De Meersman – Executive Secretary
Nicole Wauters – Seminar Coordinator (p/t)
Nguyet Nguyen Thi – Assistant Book-keeper (p/t)
Aline Guedes Franca – Cleaner (p/t)


The EEB was very fortunate to have the services of a large number of unpaid
volunteers, carrying out full-time assistant roles in various work areas:
       Dragomira Raeva – Clean Air (until mid-June)
       Grazia Cioci – Waste (until May)
       Caroline Depuydt – Chemical Reaction (until January)
       Anna Rottander – Water (until May)
       Nathalie Cliquot – Chemicals (until April)
       Gaëlle Pierre – Chemical Reaction (from February to May)
       Bethany – Press (from February to April)
       Jochen Mathes – Chemicals (from July to mid-September)
       Frank Wagemans – Water (from mid-August to November)
       Christelle Otto – Biodiversity (from September)
       Mia Resch – Clean Air (from September)
       Emilia Stantcheva – Chemicals (from mid-October to mid-December)
       Isabelle Klopstein – Waste (from December)




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                              EEB - Activities Report 2005


ANNEX 4:       EEB WORKING GROUPS

To be effective, close co-operation and information exchange with the EEB member
organisations and their experts is crucial. For this purpose the EEB has created working
groups. For each of these groups the EEB created a list on the server to allow its
members and experts to work together in detail and facilitate the information exchange.
Most of the working groups are chaired by a member of the EEB staff (see also EEB
staff). An exception is the agriculture working group which is chaired by Arjan
BERKHUYSEN, Stichting Natuur en Milieu, the Netherlands, however since March in
close cooperation with the new EU Policy Officer for agriculture. Since March 2005 the
EEB has again an EU Policy Officer for agriculture, biodiversity and soil who coordinates
the other 2 working groups.

           o   Agriculture a.berkhuysen@snm.nl and pieter.depous@eeb.org
           o   Biodiversity pieter.depous@eeb.org
           o   Chemicals mecki.naschke@eeb.org
           o   Clean air kerstin.meyer@eeb.org
           o   Ecolabel melissa.shinn@eeb.org
           o   Ecological Product Policy melissa.shinn@eeb.org
           o   Enlargement mara.silina@eeb.org
           o   Environmental Fiscal Reform pendo.maro@eeb.org
           o   Noise kerstin.meyer@eeb.org
           o   Natural resources melissa.shinn@eeb.org
           o   Soil pieter.depous@eeb.org
           o   Urban environment kerstin.meyer@eeb.org
           o   Waste melissa.shinn@eeb.org
           o   Water stefan.scheuer@eeb.org

In addition we have created some lists on the server to facilitate information exchange
on a specific issue even though we don’t have a working group. This is the case for
tourism, forestry, trade and environment.




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ANNEX 5: EEB Representation in other Organisations and Bodies


REPRESENTATION OF THE EEB IN OTHER ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES

1. FORMAL INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS:

1.a. Active Membership

1.a.1. MIO (*): Mediterranean Information Office: Board member for EEB:
Georges Cingal, FNE, France
Jacqueline Miller, IEB, Belgium, or Chrystia Lyra, FEEO, Cyprus (substitute)

Board member for EEB: Georges Cingal takes part in the meetings or is replaced by
Jacqueline Miller. Most initiatives of M.I.O. aim at praising good initiatives in various
places. Otherwise M.I.O. tries to be a go-between and make people who would not
meet discuss all kinds of issues (The December meetings were very successful). It is
important, both for the EEB and the members of M.I.O. to compare experiences and
exchange ideas. So far no project in common; EEB supports their initiatives and vice
versa.

1.a.2. EPE (*): European Partners for the Environment: Board member for EEB:
Elias Nellas, Elliniki Etairia, Greece
Jacqueline Miller, Inter Environnement Bruxelles, Belgium (substitute)

1.a.3. EHF (*): European Habitats Forum:
Arjan Berkhuysen, SNM, Netherlands
Pieter de Pouse (EEB staff)

The European Habitats Forum, founded in 1991, exists to promote the conservation of
species, habitats and landscapes in Europe, both for their own sakes and as
fundamental assets for the development of European rural areas. The forum seeks to
influence policy and action through discussion and joint initiatives with the various
interests involved. The Forum seeks to enhance the effectiveness of its member's
programmes by coordinating the common features. To this end a "portfolio" of activities
is chosen by discussion between the members of the Forum at its regular meetings.
Such discussion may also lead to the identification of additional, quite new activities on
which the Forum's members can work jointly. The Forum meets at least twice a year.
The Forum is representing its membership at key European fora eg the Scientific Group
advising on the implementation of the EC Habitats Directive and the establishment of
Natura 2000, the European Commission Biodiversity Expert Group, and the Bern
Convention Standing Committee.

The role of the EEB representative is an active membership. For example, we try to
initiate a joint EHF document about implementation of Natura 2000 (using funding of
Stichting Natuur en Milieu).
Arjan Berkhuysen, Beleidsmedewerker EU Natuur- en Landbouwbeleid, Stichting Natuur
en Milieu, Dutch EEB Board Member

1.a.4. Co-ordination Body “Environment for Europe”:
John Hontelez (Secretary General) and Mara Silina (EEB staff)

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1.a.5. ECOS: European Environmental Citizens Organisation for the
Standardisation
Stefan Scheuer (EEB staff), chair
Task Force on Waste – Task force leader – Melissa Shinn

1.a.6. Seas at Risk (SAR) (*)
no EEB representative on SAR Board, John Hontelez is the EEB contact person

1.a.7. Council of Europe
Edith Wenger, WWF Germany
EEB representation needs to be discussed as WWF-D will leave the EEB at the end of
2005

1.a.8 UN accreditation:
-      The EEB is accredited on the roster of the Secretary General of the UN, this
       includes UNECE in Geneva
-      Ojars Balcers, VAK Latvia represents the EEB at the Task Force on Heavy
       Metals under the UNECE LRTAP Convention.
-      UNEP accepted EEB accreditation
       Mikael Karlsson, SNF Sweden, represents the EEB at the Global Civil Society
    Forum
       Elena Lymberidi, EEB represents the EEB at the Global Civil Society Forum, the
    UNEP Governing Council (with a particular focus on mercury) and the UNEP
    Mercury Partnerships meetings

1.a.9 Stakeholder Consultative Forum of the European Food Safety Authority
(EFSA)(*)
(took up work on 6 October 2005)
Catherine Wattiez, EEB Board Member

Not to sure yet whether this fits better under active or passive, lets call it active for the
moment.

1.a.10 Countdown 2010
Pieter de Pous, EEB staff

Countdown 2010 is a communications initiative led by IUCN to promote the objective of
halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010 and bring this back on the political agenda. Part
of this initiative will be the assessment of member state efforts and their responses to
meeting this objective. The EEB will assist in developing a methodology for this. The
assessment itself will be carried out by national coalitions or platforms of organisations.

(*) Reporting requirement to the Secretary General/EEB Board for people representing the
EEB in these organisations


1.b. Passive Membership

1.b.1. ELCI Environment Liaison Centre International
1.b.2. Permanent Forum for a Civil Society
1.b.3. North-South Centre


2. INFORMAL ORGANISATIONS
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2.1. Green 10 Group: John Hontelez
2.2. Steering Committee "Transatlantic Environmental Dialogue: John Hontelez
     (suspended)
2.3. Co-ordination Committee Environmental Organisations in the Agriculture Advisory
      Committees: Arjan Berkhuysen (SNM) and John Hontelez
2.4. Comité de Suivi - Co-ordination of 7 networks and international organisations
      working on Mediterranean issues: John Hontelez, Regina Schneider (EEB staff)
2.5. Ecoforum Public Participation Campaign Committee: John Hontelez and Mara Silina
2.7. Civil Society Contact Group: John Hontelez (Chair till September this year)
2.8. “Spring Group” (with ETUC and Social Platform): John Hontelez
2.9 Global Zero Mercury Working Group – International Environmental and Health NGO
working group: Elena Lymberidi (EEB) and 17 member organisations of the EEB


3. BODIES OF THE COMMISSION

3.1. ECOLABEL Board and WG Meetings: Melissa Shinn (EEB staff)
        a. Cooperation and coordination MG: EEB participation suspended
        b. Policy MG: Melissa Shinn (EEB staff)
        c. Marketing MG: EEB participation suspended
        d. Product Experts: Paul Waide (PW Consulting/UK), Jens Soth (EPEA
           International, Germany), Joachim Lohse (Oeko-institut/Germany), Christian
           Tebert (Okopol), Manfred Pils (FNI, Austria), , Helena Norin/ Frida Hok (SNF,
           Sweden), Saskia Ozinga/Leontien Krul (FERN, Belgium), Penelope Vincent-
           Sweet (FNE, France), Rolf Buschman (Katalyse, Germany), Henning
           Henriksen (Hazprevent, Denmark), Monica Axell & Fredrik Karlsson (The
           Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, SP)
IPP Strategy Regular meetings: Melissa Shinn (EEB staff)
3.2. EMAS Art. 19 Committee: suspended
3.3. IPPC Information Exchange Forum: Mecki Naschke
RIP: REACH implementation projects: NN
3.4. IPPC Technical Committees: Mecki Naschke - coordination
     a. Energy efficiency: Jasper Vis (natur en millieu)
     b. Cement and lime industry: Knut Sanders, Oekopol and Joachim Lohse,
         Oekoinstitut
     c. Waste Incineration: Knut Sanders, Oekopol/Germany
x.x IPPC Adaptation Working Group: coordinated by CAN Europe, Pieter de Pous to be
in the subgroups on biodiversity and agriculture (possibly others depending on theme of
the sub-working groups)

3.5. CHEMICALS Competent Authorities Meeting: Mecki Naschke
SPORT: Strategic partnership on REACH testing (with UNICE, UAPME, Cefic): M.
Naschke
(finished before summer- no longer existing)
3.6. WASTE, Ad-hoc Committee: no longer exists,
3.7. RECYCLING FORUM: no longer exists
      CAFE will somewhat change after May 2005. Don t know how yet.
3.8. CAFE (Clean Air for Europe), Steering Group: Christer Agren (Swedish NGO
Secretariat
      on Acid Rain), Duncan Laxen (NSCA/UK), Kerstin Meyer (EEB-office)
3.9. CAFE Working Groups
      a. CAFÉ workplan: Christer Agren (Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain)

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         b. Implementation working group: and Duncan Laxen (NSCA/UK)
     b. development of 4th DD Nickel, cadmium, arsenic: Norbert Kurzeja,
         BUND/Germany does not exist anymore
     c. Particulate Matter Working Group: Duncan Laxen, NSCA/UK
     d. Policy and Target Setting WG: Christer Agren (Swedish NGO Secretariat on
         Acid Rain) and Duncan Laxen, NSCA/UK
3.10. AUTO OIL II Working Groups – WE DON’T FOLLOW ANY OF THESE in practice
now
3.11. NOISE, Steering Group: Jose Palma, Quercus/Portugal and Tim Johnson, AEF/UK
3.12 NOISE, Working Groups:
     a. Socio-economic aspects WG, Jose Palma, Quercus/Portugal
     b. Assessment of exposure WG, no-one
     c. Road traffic noise WG, Jan Fransen, SNM, Dutch (T&E shared expert)
     d. Airport Noise WG, Tim Johnson, AEF/UK (T&E shared expert)
     e. Railway Noise WG, Karl Krook, SNM (T&E shared expert)
     f. Outdoor Machinery WG, no-one
 3.13. AGRICULTURE, advisory committees and standing groups (EEB related
       representatives only)

             •   AG1 Common Agriculture Policy
                 Sue Armstrong Brown – RSPB/UK
                 Elizabeth Guttenstein – WWF/BE
                 Eric Bignal – EFNCP/UK
                 Gwyn Jones – EFNCP/UK
                 Arjan Berkuysen – SNM/NL
                 Bertrand Alliot – FNE/FR
                 Raymond Aendekerk – Hellef fir d’Natur/LU
             •   AG2 Cereals, Oilseeds and Proteins
                 Anneke Svantesson – SSNC/SE
                 Ann-Charlotte Wallenhammar – SSNC/SE
             •   AH – Ad Hoc Working Group Seeds
                 Maria Dirke – SSNC/SE
                 Anamarija Slabe – ITR/SI
             •   AG3 Sugar
                 Adam Harrison – WWF/UK
                 John Kornerup Bank – WWF/UK
             •   AG5 Energy and Non Food Crops
                 Lucy Bjorck – RSPB/UK
                 Hans Köpp – SDW/DE
                 Elizabeth Guttenstein – WWF/UK
             •   AG12 Fruits and Vegetables
                 Janine Petit – FNE/FR
                 Yvon Brunelle – Nord Nature/FR
             •   AG17 Forestry and Cork
                 Saskia Ozinga – FERN/NL
                 Beatrix Richards – WWF/UK
                 Matti Ikonen – FANC&TRN/FI
                 Tapani Veistola – Fnnish Assoc. for Nature Conservation/FI
                 Harri Höltta – Finnish Assoc. for Nature Conservation/FI
                 Solveig Lubeley – Taiga Rescue Network/SE
                 Maaris Strazds – BirdLife/LV
             •   AG18 Quality of Agriculture Production
                 Raymond Aendekerk - NATURA
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                •   AG19 Organic Farming
                    Anamarija Slabe – ITR/SI
                    Gabor Figeczki – WWF/HU
                •   AG21 Rural Development
                    Peter Torkler – WWF/DE
                    Bozenna Wojcik – ITR/PL
                    Philippe Pointerau – FNE/FR
                    Florian Schöne – NABU/DE
                    Ferenc Laczo – CES/HU
                    Bertrand Alliot – FNE/FR
                    Anamarija Slabe – ITR/SI
                    Ariel Brunner – BirdLife/IT
                    Xavier Poux – EFNCP/FR
                    David McCracken – EFNCP/UK
                    John Murphy – BirdLife/IE
                •   AG22 Agriculture and Environment
                    Giovanna Pisano – RSPB/UK
                    Gerassimos Arapis – Elliniki Ettairia/GR
                    Peter Kajner – CES/HU
                    Thomas Faergeman – DN/DK
                    Bertrand Alliot – FNE/FR
                    Anamarija Slabe – ITR/SI
                    Ferenc Laczo – CES/HU
                    Gabor Figeczky – WWF/HU
                    Gwyn Jones – EFCNP/UK
                    John Kornerup Bang – WWF/DK
                    Gun Rudquist – EEB/SE
                    Christophe Jolivet – BirdLife/FR
                    Rita Francia – EEB/HU
                    Ivars Kabucis – EEB/LV

3.14. Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive
1. Strategic Copordination Group: Stefan Scheuer EEB and Sarah Oppenheimer RSPB
2. Working Groups:
• Activity on “Hydromorpholgy”: Stefan Scheuer EEB (for Steering Group), Rob
   Cunningham RSPB and Gerhard Nagl BUND (for technical work)
• WG “Ecological Status” and “Intercalibration”: Sarah Oppenheimer, RSPB UK
• WG Integrated River Basin Management (Water Economics): Aniol Esteban,
   RSPB/UK
• Expert Advisory Forum “Flood Protection”: Rob Cunningham, RSPB UK, Michael
   Bender, Grüne Liga DE
• Strategic Coordination Group “Agriculture ad WFD”: Arjan Berkhuysen, SNM NL and
   Ruth Davis, RSPB UK
3.15. Chemicals White Paper Follow Up Working Groups
Several Working Groups: Andreas Ahrens, Oekopol/Germany
Commission working group on further work on REACH Impact Assessment: Stefan
Scheuer
3.16. Interreg NWE (North West Europe) III B (B=trans-national) PMC (Programme
Monitoring Committee) and PSC (Programme Steering Committee): Jacqueline Miller
(EEB Board), Regina Schneider (EEB staff)
3.17 Mercury
WG on Storage of surplus mercury , Elena Lymberidi EEB, (WG recently set up by the EC, DG ENV with
participation of NGOs and Industry)
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ANNEX 6: List of Events

1.    7 January – Experts workshop on the Waste Framework Directive
2.    25 February – EEB Workshop on Water
3.    25 February – Conference on Spring 2005 Summit – Luxembourg
4.    26 February – EEB Workshop on Campaigning on Economic Instruments –
      Luxembourg
5.    26 February – EEB Water Working Group Meeting
6.    26-27 February – EEB Board Meeting
7.    4 March – EEB Experts meeting on Waste Framework Directive
8.    25-26 March – EECCA countries NGO regional preparatory meeting for the
      Second Meeting of the Parties to the Aarhus Convention – Almaty/Kazakhstan
9.    8-9 April – Workshop on REACH
10.   15-16 April – EEB Clean Air Seminar
11.   22 April – Conference “Towards a Mercury-free World” – Madrid
12.   23 April – NGO Strategy Meeting on Mercury – Madrid
13.   28-29 April – EEB Waste Working Group Meeting
14.   22 May – Biodiversity / Agriculture Working Groups Meetings
15.   23 May – Conference on Natura 2000
16.   22-23 May – European ECO-Forum Strategy Meeting – Almaty/Kazakhstan
17.   5 June – EEB Board Meeting
18.   6 June – EEB Conference on Sustainable Development
19.   9 June – Waste Prevention Conference “No Waste in Good Waste” – Budapest
20.   4 July – EEB Workshop “Towards a Soil Framework Directive”
21.   7-8 September – NGO prep-meeting and EC meeting on EU Mercury export
      band and storage
22.   9 September – Water Seminar
23.   10 September – Water Workshop
24.   22-24 September – European Nature Conference – Apeldoorn (NL)
25.   24-25 September – EEB 33th AGM – Apeldoorn (NL)
26.   10 October – Count Down to REACH Conference
27.   11 October – Seminar on REACH
28.   14-15 October – International Environmental and Health NGO meeting on
      Mercury
29.   7-8 November – 4th Meeting of the Task Force on Electronic Information Tools –
      Geneva
30.   7 November – Clean Air Seminar
31.   8 November – Air and City Conference
32.   16-17 November – Workshop on PRTRs for NGOs from EECCA Countries –
      Moscow – 16 EECCA Participants
33.   24 November – Ecological Product Policy Working Group Meeting
34.   28 November – EEB Agriculture Working Group Meeting
35.   1st December – REACH Experts Meeting
36.   2-3 December – EEB Board Meeting
37.   8-9 December – EEB Capacity Building Workshop – Bucharest
38.   8-9 December – EEB Capacity Building Workshop – Riga
39.   15 December – IPPC Workshop
40.   15-17 December – Brainstorming Workshop on Future Enlargement
41.   16-17 December – Waste Workshop
42.   17 December – EEB Capacity Building Workshop – Atelier “Biocarburants: quels
      enjeux et quelles actions locales, nationales, européennes ?”’ – Paris

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ANNEX 7: EEB Press Releases
 December

 21/12/05    Commission gives up on EU recycling society: declassification and deregulation pave way for burning

 21/12/05    Environmental Groups' Reaction to EU Car Emissions Proposal (EURO 5)

             EEB verdict on UK Presidency performance "Climate results overshadowed by a Financial Perspective that
 19/12/05
             fails to deliver for the environment"

 16/12/05    El EEB urge a la Comisión que bloquee los fondos para el Puerto de Granadilla
 16/12/05    EEB urges Commission to block funding for Granadilla port

 16/12/05    El EEB urge a la Comisión que bloquee los fondos para el Puerto de Granadilla

 13/12/05    Commission fails with Sustainable Development Strategy

 13/12/05    Member States fail to address the chemical threat

 07/12/05    EU must ensure bioenergy is really ‘green’

  November

             EEB attacks Commission for refusing to take up clear signal from EEA on need for ambitious tax reform
 29/11/05
             agenda

 17/11/05    Parliament votes to phase out hazardous chemicals but allows huge knowledge gaps on safety
 22/11/05    European Parliament vote brings Aarhus Convention application back on track

 17/11/05    Parliament votes to phase out hazardous chemicals but allows huge knowledge gaps on safety

 16/11/05    When "REACH" becomes a THREAT - Joint press statement

 03/11/05    New book encourages better implementation of EU environmental law

             Stakeholders disappointed that Commission back down on strategic biowaste legislation (includes Annex
 02/11/05
             1a and Annex 1b)

  October

 25/10/05    Commission plans to bin credible recycling policy

 24/10/05    Europe's Marine Strategy not yet fit to sail

             REACH:Parliament's lead committee backs REACH principles but falls short of guaranteeing safety
 04/10/05
             information
 19/10/05    New study reveals potential benefits of REACH to workers' health

             Europe's Food Safety Authority challenged as a new stakeholder inititative begins, including Statement
 06/10/05
             "The EFSA stakeholders challenge - working with civil society"

             REACH:Parliament's lead committee backs REACH principles but falls short of guaranteeing safety
 04/10/05
             information

 04/10/05    Public control of EU Funds under threat from Council

  September
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26/09/05   EEB elects new President

21/09/05   Air Thematic Strategy is far too weak, says EEB

14/09/05   Environment Committee has to maintain workability of REACH

July


20/07/05   EEB welcomes Commission decision not to block environmental policies

14/07/05   Jump into Europe's waters and make EU water policy work

13/07/05   US challenge EU leadership in progressive chemicals policy

13/07/05   Environmental policies delay, a serious setback in EU global leadership

           EEB calls upon EU's Competitiveness Council to Green the 7th Reasearch Framework Programme and
11/07/05
           reject nuclear support!

07/07/05   European Parliament breathes LIFE into environment

01/07/05   EEB Ten tests to the United Kingdom Presidency

04/07/05   Environmental NGOs upset about Commission's lack of leadership on environmental issues

01/07/05   EEB Ten tests to the United Kingdom Presidency

June

28/06/05   EEB assessment of the environmental results of the Luxembourg Presidency

27/06/05   Europe's Groundwater protection watered down

           Broad coalition united in concern over the Commission's plan to drop Biowaste Directive meets
14/06/05
           Commissioner Dimas
14/06/05   EEB warns Barosso not to bend to pressure from UNICE

08/06/05   Environmental groups broadly welcome EP's position on EU spending plans

           Environment and health NGOs call for a broader directive restricting the use of all measuring and control
03/06/05
           equipment containing mercury

01/06/05   Cleaner air or smoky skies? EU need to be more ambitious on air

May
31/05/05   U-turn on CAP reform

27/05/05   Civil society celebrates victories for public participation on GMOs and in international forums

           La société civile célèbre ses victoires qui lui permettent de s'exprimer au sujet des OGMs et dans les
27/05/05
           Forums internationaux

25/05/05   Environmental NGOs:Declaration on sustainable development must lead to smart economic development

25/05/05   An EU mercury export ban is needed as early as possible - and by 2011 at the latest !

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24/05/05   Parliament the key to Natura 2000 financing

19/05/05   Press Invitation - Funding for Nature Conservation - May 23rd, 2005

           Environment and Health Groups' urge EU Governments: The world urgently needs an EU mercury export
11/05/05
           ban

April
28/04/05   Groundwater protection: Parliament refutes attack from industrial agriculture

           EEB welcomes strong position of European Parliament Environment Committee on funding for nature
27/04/05
           conservation

27/04/05   EEB and WWF Press Release - Industry figures show: we can afford safer chemicals

           Environment and Health Groups urge Spanish Government to stop trading poisons for profits and close the
22/04/05
           Almadén Mercury operation

           Environmental and social groups, Waste Managers, Local Authorities and Industry united in concern over
14/04/05
           the Commission's plan to drop Biowaste Directive

14/04/05   Commission ignores Spring Summit conclusion on Lisbon Strategy

13/04/05   Black smoke at full steam: ships will keep polluting the air

           Full marks for European PArliament on ecodesign for energy efficiency - poor marks on waste prevention
13/04/05
           and promoting innovation

11/04/05   More - not less - money needed to save Europe's countryside

07/04/05   Departure time for tax exemptions in aviation sector

March
31/03/05   Bolkestein Directive skimpy on environmental protection

24/03/05   EEB's message to ECOFIN Council: time for action on removing environmentally harmful subsidies!

23/03/05   European Summit Confirms Environmental Dimension of Lisbon Process

21/03/05   Environmental NGOs: Make Europe the most resource and energy efficient economy in the world

21/03/05   Make Lisbon work for sustainable development (for statement, please click here)

21/03/05   Pour faire de Lisbonne un vecteur du développment durable

18/03/05   Commission risks credibility in its implementation of electronic products safety rules

16/03/05   Parliament's Environment Committee puts future of groundwater protection at risk

15/03/05   Environment Committee stands strong on Ship Fuels and Ecodesign

10/03/05   Water protection in Europe at stake - Survey shows gaps in EU water directive implementation

09/03/05   Parliament to cast crucial vote on funding nature conservation

08/03/05   Environmenl Ministers called upon to reject mandate to European Commission on GMOs


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February
25/02/05   EEB holds 1-day conference on how to make the Lisbon process work for sustainable development

22/02/05   Commission encourages increases in packaging waste!

           Environmental NGOs and Indigenous Nations urge immediate action to reduce Global Mercury Pollution at
18/02/05
           upcoming UNEP meeting

16/02/05   PRESS INVITATION - What lies ahead for Europe's Environment?

14/02/05   Environmentalists call for postponement of EU ratification of Aarhus Convention

10/02/05   President of the European Council receives advice from environmentalists for 2005 Spring Council

09/02/05   Sustainable Development not just for longer term!

03/02/05   Citizens and Environment Must be 'Top Priority' in New EU Budget Say Leading Environmental NGOs

January
31/01/05   EU Commission asserts leadership in addressing global Mercury pollution

28/01/05   Commission's future plans put environment in the wrong division

25/01/05   Commission five-year plan: G9 put forward green "to do" list

18/01/05   EU Commission - delays adoption of the Mercury Strategy

17/01/05   UNICE in bid to wreck REACH

06/01/05   Ten Green Tests for Luxembourg with Lisbon in the middle

06/01/05   Dix tests verts pour le Luxembourg avec Lisbonne au centre

06/01/05   Zehn Grüne tests für Luxembourg mit Lissabon in zentrum




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ANNEX 8: EEB Publications and Joint Publications


2005/001       Memorandum to the Luxembourg Presidency (January 2005)

2005/002       EEB evaluation of the European Eco-Label criteria and scheme: What we wanted –
               what we got... (July 2004)

2005/003       Memorandum to the UK Presidency (July 2005)

2005/004       Toolkit for Environmental NGOs on Sustainable Development (July 2005)

2005/005       EEB Annual Report 2004
               The 2005 Spring Summit and Europe’s Environment (August 2005)
2005/006
               Report of EEB Seminar on Sustainable Development (August 2005)
2005/006 bis

2005/007       EU Environmental Policy Handbook (September 2005)

2005/008       Report from the international conference ”Towards a mercury-free world” – Madrid,
               22 April 2005 (September 2005)

2005/009       Conference report ”European chemicals policy reform – Countdown to REACH”
               (November 2005)

2005/010       Snapshot Report on the quality of national implementation of the Waste Landfill
               Directive (November 2005)

2005/011       Snapshot Report on Biodiversity in Strategic Environmental Assessment (December
               2005)
               Conference report ”AIR AND CITY in Brussels and Europe: can our cities fight
2005/012
               against air pollution?” (December 2005)
2005/013       Looking ahead to the future of enlargement (December 2005)

2005/014       Particle reduction plans in Europe – Implementation of the First Daughter Directive
               on Ambient Air Quality in Europe (December 2005)

Publications without numbering

February       EU Water Policy: Making the Water Framework Directive work – a 2nd snapshot
               report
               Green 8 position paper on Proposal for the ‘Bolkestein Directive’ (internal market
April
               services)
June           EEB and WWF critical evaluation of REACH Impact Assessment
               Report for the International conference "Towards a mercury-free world" in English
September
               and Spanish
September      The Apeldoorn Appeal

December       Zero Mercury / Un Taux de Mercure Zéro



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