Arch 301 group A
beril ozmen mayer
House, a type of residential
• People construct houses as dwelling-spaces for human
habitation. Such dwellings generally feature enclosing
walls and a roof to protect against precipitation, wind,
heat, cold and intruders.
• The house often provides a permanent residence for a
family or for a similar social unit.
• When occupying a house routinely as a dwelling,
English-speaking people may call this building their
"home". People may leave their house most of the day
for work and recreation, but typically return 'home", to
their house, at least for sleeping.
The two words "house" and "home" have distinctly
different meanings and connotations.
• "House" refers to the physical object,
"home" has a more abstract and poetic
connotation as the center of family life.
• Enlisted men during World War II used the
phrase "A house is not a home" — in part
to justify infidelity during war-time. On the
other hand, a stately home classifies as a
• is the basic unit of analysis in many microeconomic and
• The term refers to all individuals who live in the same
• Most economic models do not address whether the
members of a household are a family in the traditional
• Government and policy discussions often treat the terms
household and family as synonymous, especially in
western societies where the nuclear family has become
the most common family structure. In reality, there is not
always a one-to-one relationship between households
a household is defined as
• "one person or a group of people who have the
accommodation as their only or main residence
and for a group, either share at least one meal a
day or share the living accommodation, that is, a
living room or sitting room"
• In feudal or aristocratic societies, a household
may include servants or retainers, whether or
not they are explicitly so named. Their roles may
blur the line between a family member and an
Types of Single houses
• Bungalow Single story house
• Colonial house: a traditional style house in the United States
• Cottage: Usually refers to a small country dwelling, but weavers'
cottages are three-storied townhouses with the top floor reserved for
the working quarters.
• Detached (free-standing): Any house that is completely separated
from its neighbours.
• Link-detached: Adjacent detached properties which do not have a
party wall, but which are linked by the garage(s) and so forming a
• Ranch: Single story house, usually with garage and basement.
• Manufactured home / Prefabricatred, a house where the main
structure is prefabricated (common after WWII).
• Deck House, Custom-built post and beam homes using high-quality
woods and masonry.
• Farmhouse: Building serving as the main residence on
• Floating House house that floats in the water.
• Igloo, constructed of ice
• Log cabin, a house built of unsquared timbers
• Mansion: Very large/expensive house
• Microhouse: Dwellings that fulfill all the requirements of
habitation (shelter, sleep, cooking, heating, toilet) in a
highly compact space. See external links1, 2, and 3 for
examples of microhouses.
• Mobile home
• Patio home
• Split-level house: A style popular in the 50's and 60's.
• Semi-detached: two houses joined together, often called a "duplex" in the
• Storybook Houses 1920s houses inspired by hollywood set design
• Tent, usually a lightweight, moveable structure
• Rowhouse: (USA); also called "terraced home (USA); also called
"townhouse"; ": 3 or more houses in a row sharing a "party" wall with its
adjacent neighbour. In New York, "Brownstones" are rowhouses.
Rowhouses are typically multiple stories. The term townhouse is currently
coming into wider use in the UK, but terraced house (not "terraced home")
is more common.
• Terraced house: Since the late 18th century is a style of housing where
(generally) identical individual houses are conjoined into rows - a line of
houses which abut directly on to each other built with shared party walls
between dwellings whose uniform fronts and uniform height created an
ensemble that was more stylish than a "rowhouse". However this is also the
UK term for a "rowhouse" regardless of whether the houses are identical or
• Back-to-back: Terraced houses which also adjoin a second terrace to the
rear. They were a common form of housing for workers during the Industrial
Revolution in England.
• Treehouse A house that is built among the branches or around the trunk of
one or more mature trees and does not rest on the ground.
• Townhouse: also called rowhouse (US). In the UK, a townhouse is a
traditional term for an upper class house in London (in contrast with country
house), and is now coming into use as a term for new terraced houses,
which are often three stories tall with a garage on the ground floor.
• Shack: A small, usually rundown, wooden building.
• Travel trailer (alternative to caravan in British English)
• Vernacular houses: Houses constructed in a native manner; close to nature,
using the materials locally available. As far as such houses are concerned;
in India these gel with the communal structuring.
Flats / Apartments
• * Apartment: a relatively self-contained housing unit in a building
which is often rented out to a family or one or more people for their
exclusive use. Sometimes called a flat. Some locales have legal
definitions of what constitutes an apartment.
• * Apartment building: a multi-unit dwelling made up of several
(generally four or more) apartments.
• * Apartment tower, block of flats or tower block: a high-rise
• * Duplex: Two separate residences, usually side-by-side, but
sometimes on two different floors. The former often looks like two
houses put together, sharing a wall (see semi-detached); the latter
usually appears as a townhouse, but with two different entrances.
• * Flat: an apartment, especially one taking up an entire floor of a
house with several flats.
• * Bedsit: A UK expression for a single-roomed
dwelling which usually contains very sparse
furniture and is very compact in design. Literally
a bed and a place to sit.
• * Condominium: a form of ownership of an
individual apartment and a percentage of
• * Co-op, a form of ownership in which a
corporation owns the entire apartment building
or development and residents own shares in the
corporation that correspond to their apartment
and a percentage of common areas
• Housing project, government-owned housing
• Maisonette: an apartment / flat on two levels with internal stairs, or which has its own entrance at
• Penthouse: The top floor of multi-story building
• Tenement a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (i.e. an
apartment building). In the United States the connotation implies a run-down or poorly-cared-for
• Loft or warehouse conversion
• Garage-apartment: An apartment over a garage; if the garage is attached, the apartment will
have a separate entrance from the main house.
• Garalow: a portmateau word garage+bungalow; similar to a garage-apartment, but with the
apartment and garage at the same level.
• Mother-in-law apartment: Small apartment either at the back or on an upper level of the main
house, usually with a separate entrance (also known as a "granny flat" in the UK and Australia).
• four-plus-one: an apartment building that has four floors of apartments on top of parking. It was
particularly popular in Chicago during the 1960s and 1970s, especially on the city's north side.
• triple decker: a three-family apartment house, usually of frame construction, in which all three
apartment units are stacked on top of one another.
• Studio apartment: A self-contained unit with one main room, one bathroom, and some closet
space. There is no distinct bedroom in a studio: sleeping, cooking, dining, living is all done in the
House density- intensive living in
People living on the fringes of
cities: squatters / ghettos
First, they came from villages, and
entered the city,
conquered the seaside
They go around cities from top to
They fully- filled stadiums
They scrumbled the city upside
They took everything that they
have found with, to their homes..
• They could not
fit their houses
• And they
flooded to the
• They did
have won lots
They demolished the things
they did not like
Senegal- an traditional setting
village – Izmir-
design for more
local values in his
is it a
Ando’s 4 x
• Memorial of
, in Kobe, Japan-
It stood as a tiny concrete tower that
didn’t look or act like a house,
bracketed between a busy street and
the Inland Sea, didn’t even have
another home nearby.
Equally unorthodox, 4 x 4 was the
product of a trendy magazine’s mail-in
survey that had matched up the client,
a concrete contractor, with the world-
Open designing- loft idea–
kültürün, muteber bir
kalmayan aynı Açık, sabit bölmelerle
zamanda çağdaş dayatılmamış, endüstriyel
mimari için de bir çağrışımlı bu mekanlar yaşam – iş
referans noktası - yaratıcılık işlevlerini aynı alanda
oluşturmaktadır. çözümler, iç - dış ilişkisine bir
Casa mila- barselona
• Villa savoy, paris
• Unit d’habitation -
1907 unity of artists , architects, developers-
1925 stutgart housing exhibition-
design for new
Mathias ungers/ berlin
blocks of flats - ankara
This is a
Merih karaaslan- a housing
complex -- ankara
• A cohousing community is a kind of intentional
community composed of private homes with full kitchens,
supplemented by extensive common facilities. A
cohousing community is planned, owned and managed
by the residents, groups of people who want more
interaction with their neighbours. Common facilities vary
but usually include a large kitchen and dining room
where residents can take turns cooking for the
community. Other facilities may include a laundry, pool,
child care facilities, offices, internet access, game room,
TV room, tool room or a gym. Through spatial design
and shared social and management activities, cohousing
facilitates intergenerational interaction among
neighbours, for the social and practical benefits. There
are also economic and environmental benefits to sharing
resources, space and items.
Origins of cohousing
• The modern theory of cohousing originated in
Denmark in the 1960s among groups of families
who were dissatisfied with existing housing and
communities that they felt did not meet their
• Bodil Graae published "Children Should Have One
Hundred Parents," spurring a group of 50 families to
organize around a community project in 1967. Another
key organizer was Jan Gudmand Høyer who drew
inspiration from his architectural studies at Harvard and
interaction with experimental U.S. communities of the
era. He published "The Missing Link between Utopia and
the Dated One-Family House" paper in 1968, converging
a second group.
• Hundreds of cohousing communities exist in
Denmark and other countries in northern
Europe. There are over 80 operating
communities in the United States with about 100
others in the planning phases. In Canada, there
are 7 completed communities, and
approximately 15 in the planning/construction
process. There are also communities in
Australia, the UK and other parts of the world.
• DESIGN: Because each cohousing community is
planned in its context, a key feature of this model is
its flexibility to the needs and values of its residents
and the characteristics of the site. Cohousing can be
urban, suburban or rural.
• The physical form is typically compact but varies
from low-rise apartments to townhouses to clustered
• They tend to keep cars to the periphery which
promotes walking through the community and
interacting with neighbors as well as increasing
safety for children at play within the community.
• Shared green space is another characteristic,
whether for gardening, play, or places to gather.
• When more land is available than is needed for the
physical structures, the structures are usually
clustered closely together, leaving as much of the
land as possible "open" for shared use.
SOUTHSIDE PARK CO-HOUSING, Sacramento,
This 25-unit housing development is located in a
neighborhood that had declined drastically while
speculative developers waited to replace the houses
with office buildings.
It uses the co-housing model imported from
Denmark and advocated by architects Charles
Durrett and Kathryn McCamant, which requires the
residents to cooperate in designing their homes and
to agree to share in such activities as the preparation
of dinners for the community.
Southside Park residents' homes are grouped
around shared facilities for dining, recreation,
laundry, and gardening. Low-income families or
individuals occupy five of the units; six houses are
for people with moderate incomes; and 14 were sold
at market rates. Some of the people who bought
houses had been renters in the neighborhood.
This Sacramento townhouse development
provides a wide mix of unit types
• . Pictured here are the two-
bedroom model on the left in
both illustrations and the four-
bedroom on the right. Note
how the design
accommodates two distinct
unit types and sizes directly
next to each other, rather than
segregating all the two
bedrooms in one area, all the
fours in another, etc.
LYTON PARK PLACE, St. Paul, Minnesota / Organization built 21
worked cooperatively with the non-profit organization, homes for
people with low
Habitat for Humanity to moderate
incomes on a
block just north
of the state
Habitat built the other
each gave 350
hours of work as
equity share in
were donated for
homes they sold
for about half the
price of Justin's
homes and were
Houses--units for living
Monotonous or Various