NOVA-301 houses by chenmeixiu

VIEWS: 14 PAGES: 100

									Housing typology

 Arch 301 group A
 beril ozmen mayer
       House, a type of residential
• People construct houses as dwelling-spaces for human
  habitation. Such dwellings generally feature enclosing
  walls and a roof to protect against precipitation, wind,
  heat, cold and intruders.

• The house often provides a permanent residence for a
  family or for a similar social unit.

• When occupying a house routinely as a dwelling,
  English-speaking people may call this building their
  "home". People may leave their house most of the day
  for work and recreation, but typically return 'home", to
  their house, at least for sleeping.
The two words "house" and "home" have distinctly
      different meanings and connotations.

• "House" refers to the physical object,
  "home" has a more abstract and poetic
  connotation as the center of family life.
• Enlisted men during World War II used the
  phrase "A house is not a home" — in part
  to justify infidelity during war-time. On the
  other hand, a stately home classifies as a
                The household
• is the basic unit of analysis in many microeconomic and
  government models.
• The term refers to all individuals who live in the same

• Most economic models do not address whether the
  members of a household are a family in the traditional
• Government and policy discussions often treat the terms
  household and family as synonymous, especially in
  western societies where the nuclear family has become
  the most common family structure. In reality, there is not
  always a one-to-one relationship between households
  and families.
     a household is defined as
• "one person or a group of people who have the
  accommodation as their only or main residence
  and for a group, either share at least one meal a
  day or share the living accommodation, that is, a
  living room or sitting room"
• In feudal or aristocratic societies, a household
  may include servants or retainers, whether or
  not they are explicitly so named. Their roles may
  blur the line between a family member and an
            Types of Single houses

• Bungalow Single story house
• Colonial house: a traditional style house in the United States
• Cottage: Usually refers to a small country dwelling, but weavers'
  cottages are three-storied townhouses with the top floor reserved for
  the working quarters.
• Detached (free-standing): Any house that is completely separated
  from its neighbours.
• Link-detached: Adjacent detached properties which do not have a
  party wall, but which are linked by the garage(s) and so forming a
  single frontage.
• Ranch: Single story house, usually with garage and basement.
• Manufactured home / Prefabricatred, a house where the main
  structure is prefabricated (common after WWII).
• Deck House, Custom-built post and beam homes using high-quality
  woods and masonry.
• Farmhouse: Building serving as the main residence on
  a farm.
• Floating House house that floats in the water.
• Igloo, constructed of ice
• Log cabin, a house built of unsquared timbers
• Mansion: Very large/expensive house

• Microhouse: Dwellings that fulfill all the requirements of
  habitation (shelter, sleep, cooking, heating, toilet) in a
  highly compact space. See external links1, 2, and 3 for
  examples of microhouses.
• Mobile home
•   Patio home
•   Split-level house: A style popular in the 50's and 60's.
•   Semi-detached: two houses joined together, often called a "duplex" in the
•   Storybook Houses 1920s houses inspired by hollywood set design
•   Tent, usually a lightweight, moveable structure
•   Rowhouse: (USA); also called "terraced home (USA); also called
    "townhouse"; ": 3 or more houses in a row sharing a "party" wall with its
    adjacent neighbour. In New York, "Brownstones" are rowhouses.
    Rowhouses are typically multiple stories. The term townhouse is currently
    coming into wider use in the UK, but terraced house (not "terraced home")
    is more common.
•   Terraced house: Since the late 18th century is a style of housing where
    (generally) identical individual houses are conjoined into rows - a line of
    houses which abut directly on to each other built with shared party walls
    between dwellings whose uniform fronts and uniform height created an
    ensemble that was more stylish than a "rowhouse". However this is also the
    UK term for a "rowhouse" regardless of whether the houses are identical or
•   Back-to-back: Terraced houses which also adjoin a second terrace to the
    rear. They were a common form of housing for workers during the Industrial
    Revolution in England.
•   Treehouse A house that is built among the branches or around the trunk of
    one or more mature trees and does not rest on the ground.
•   Townhouse: also called rowhouse (US). In the UK, a townhouse is a
    traditional term for an upper class house in London (in contrast with country
    house), and is now coming into use as a term for new terraced houses,
    which are often three stories tall with a garage on the ground floor.
•   Shack: A small, usually rundown, wooden building.
•   Travel trailer (alternative to caravan in British English)

•   Vernacular houses: Houses constructed in a native manner; close to nature,
    using the materials locally available. As far as such houses are concerned;
    in India these gel with the communal structuring.

•   Villa
                   Flats / Apartments

•      * Apartment: a relatively self-contained housing unit in a building
    which is often rented out to a family or one or more people for their
    exclusive use. Sometimes called a flat. Some locales have legal
    definitions of what constitutes an apartment.
•      * Apartment building: a multi-unit dwelling made up of several
    (generally four or more) apartments.
•      * Apartment tower, block of flats or tower block: a high-rise
    apartment building
•   * Duplex: Two separate residences, usually side-by-side, but
    sometimes on two different floors. The former often looks like two
    houses put together, sharing a wall (see semi-detached); the latter
    usually appears as a townhouse, but with two different entrances.
•      * Flat: an apartment, especially one taking up an entire floor of a
    house with several flats.
• * Bedsit: A UK expression for a single-roomed
  dwelling which usually contains very sparse
  furniture and is very compact in design. Literally
  a bed and a place to sit.
•    * Condominium: a form of ownership of an
  individual apartment and a percentage of
  common areas
•    * Co-op, a form of ownership in which a
  corporation owns the entire apartment building
  or development and residents own shares in the
  corporation that correspond to their apartment
  and a percentage of common areas
•   Housing project, government-owned housing
•   Maisonette: an apartment / flat on two levels with internal stairs, or which has its own entrance at
    street level.
•   Penthouse: The top floor of multi-story building
•   Tenement a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (i.e. an
    apartment building). In the United States the connotation implies a run-down or poorly-cared-for
•   Loft or warehouse conversion
•   Garage-apartment: An apartment over a garage; if the garage is attached, the apartment will
    have a separate entrance from the main house.
•   Garalow: a portmateau word garage+bungalow; similar to a garage-apartment, but with the
    apartment and garage at the same level.
•   Mother-in-law apartment: Small apartment either at the back or on an upper level of the main
    house, usually with a separate entrance (also known as a "granny flat" in the UK and Australia).
•   four-plus-one: an apartment building that has four floors of apartments on top of parking. It was
    particularly popular in Chicago during the 1960s and 1970s, especially on the city's north side.
•   triple decker: a three-family apartment house, usually of frame construction, in which all three
    apartment units are stacked on top of one another.
•   Studio apartment: A self-contained unit with one main room, one bathroom, and some closet
    space. There is no distinct bedroom in a studio: sleeping, cooking, dining, living is all done in the
    main room.
House density- intensive living in
          big cities
People living on the fringes of
  cities: squatters / ghettos
societies- mixed
  They are
vulnerable for
   as well
First, they came from villages, and
        occupied peripheries
     Then, they
   entered the city,
conquered the seaside
They go around cities from top to
They fully- filled stadiums
They scrumbled the city upside
 They took everything that they
have found with, to their homes..
• They could not
  fit their houses
• And they
  flooded to the
• They did
  trade and
  have won lots
  of money
They demolished the things
     they did not like
built a
• Traditional
• Vernacular
• Everyday
Senegal- an traditional setting
Agha khan
village – Izmir-
aegean region
    in turkey
• Glenn
g. murcutt
  design for more
  friendly- ecological
  principles and
local values in his
 A palace-
   is it a
• Tadao
  Ando’s 4 x
  4 House
• Memorial of
  the Kobe
                           , in Kobe, Japan-

 It stood as a tiny concrete tower that
     didn’t look or act like a house,
 bracketed between a busy street and
    the Inland Sea, didn’t even have
          another home nearby.
   Equally unorthodox, 4 x 4 was the
product of a trendy magazine’s mail-in
survey that had matched up the client,
 a concrete contractor, with the world-
             famous architect.
Open designing- loft idea–
 warehouse conversion
   Levent loft-
Loft kavramı
mekan arayışıyla
  ortaya çıkan,
  günümüzde kentli
  kültürün, muteber bir
  yaşam tarzının
  yansıması olmakla
  kalmayan aynı           Açık, sabit bölmelerle
  zamanda çağdaş          dayatılmamış, endüstriyel
  mimari için de bir      çağrışımlı bu mekanlar yaşam – iş
  referans noktası        - yaratıcılık işlevlerini aynı alanda
  oluşturmaktadır.        çözümler, iç - dış ilişkisine bir
                          esneklik getiriyor
Casa mila- barselona
   antonio gaudi
Le corbusier
• Villa savoy, paris
• Unit d’habitation -
            Deutsher Werkbund
1907 unity of artists , architects, developers-
     1925 stutgart housing exhibition-
design for new
   areas in
Mathias ungers/ berlin
blocks of flats - ankara
       b. cinici
  This is a
building not
 a house?
• Glass
Merih karaaslan- a housing
    complex -- ankara
• A cohousing community is a kind of intentional
  community composed of private homes with full kitchens,
  supplemented by extensive common facilities. A
  cohousing community is planned, owned and managed
  by the residents, groups of people who want more
  interaction with their neighbours. Common facilities vary
  but usually include a large kitchen and dining room
  where residents can take turns cooking for the
  community. Other facilities may include a laundry, pool,
  child care facilities, offices, internet access, game room,
  TV room, tool room or a gym. Through spatial design
  and shared social and management activities, cohousing
  facilitates intergenerational interaction among
  neighbours, for the social and practical benefits. There
  are also economic and environmental benefits to sharing
  resources, space and items.
          Origins of cohousing

• The modern theory of cohousing originated in
  Denmark in the 1960s among groups of families
  who were dissatisfied with existing housing and
  communities that they felt did not meet their
• Bodil Graae published "Children Should Have One
  Hundred Parents," spurring a group of 50 families to
  organize around a community project in 1967. Another
  key organizer was Jan Gudmand Høyer who drew
  inspiration from his architectural studies at Harvard and
  interaction with experimental U.S. communities of the
  era. He published "The Missing Link between Utopia and
  the Dated One-Family House" paper in 1968, converging
  a second group.

• Hundreds of cohousing communities exist in
  Denmark and other countries in northern
  Europe. There are over 80 operating
  communities in the United States with about 100
  others in the planning phases. In Canada, there
  are 7 completed communities, and
  approximately 15 in the planning/construction
  process. There are also communities in
  Australia, the UK and other parts of the world.
• DESIGN: Because each cohousing community is
  planned in its context, a key feature of this model is
  its flexibility to the needs and values of its residents
  and the characteristics of the site. Cohousing can be
  urban, suburban or rural.
• The physical form is typically compact but varies
  from low-rise apartments to townhouses to clustered
  detached houses.
• They tend to keep cars to the periphery which
  promotes walking through the community and
  interacting with neighbors as well as increasing
  safety for children at play within the community.
• Shared green space is another characteristic,
  whether for gardening, play, or places to gather.
• When more land is available than is needed for the
  physical structures, the structures are usually
  clustered closely together, leaving as much of the
  land as possible "open" for shared use.
  This 25-unit housing development is located in a
  neighborhood that had declined drastically while
speculative developers waited to replace the houses
                with office buildings.

     It uses the co-housing model imported from
    Denmark and advocated by architects Charles
  Durrett and Kathryn McCamant, which requires the
 residents to cooperate in designing their homes and
to agree to share in such activities as the preparation
             of dinners for the community.

    Southside Park residents' homes are grouped
     around shared facilities for dining, recreation,
   laundry, and gardening. Low-income families or
 individuals occupy five of the units; six houses are
for people with moderate incomes; and 14 were sold
  at market rates. Some of the people who bought
    houses had been renters in the neighborhood.
This Sacramento townhouse development
     provides a wide mix of unit types
                                • . Pictured here are the two-
                                  bedroom model on the left in
                                  both illustrations and the four-
                                  bedroom on the right. Note
                                  how the design
                                  accommodates two distinct
                                  unit types and sizes directly
                                  next to each other, rather than
                                  segregating all the two
                                  bedrooms in one area, all the
                                  fours in another, etc.
  LYTON PARK PLACE, St. Paul, Minnesota /                Organization built 21
worked cooperatively with the non-profit organization,      homes for
                                                            people with low
              Habitat for Humanity                          to moderate
                                                            incomes on a
                                                            block just north
                                                            of the state
                                                         Habitat built the other
                                                            eight using
                                                            volunteers and
                                                            future home-
                                                            owners, who
                                                            each gave 350
                                                            hours of work as
                                                            their sweat-
                                                            equity share in
                                                            the construction
                                                         Because some
                                                            80,000 hours
                                                            were donated for
                                                            the Habitat
                                                            homes they sold
                                                            for about half the
                                                            price of Justin's
                                                            homes and were
                                                            affordable for
                                                            people with
                                                            much lower
Innonative ideas
Houses--units for living
Monotonous or Various
types? So,
matters …….
Happy end

To top