Chapter 3: Physical Fitness and your Health Lesson One: Physical Fitness and You What is Physical Fitness? One’s ability to carry out everyday tasks and daily demands while retaining an energy reserve to respond to unanticipated demands. Benefits all three domains of Health: PYSICAL…MENTAL…SOCIAL 5 AREAS OF FITNESS Health related fitness broken down to 5 areas: Body Comp…Flexibility… Muscular Strength…Muscular Endurance…Cardiorespiratory Endurance BODY COMPOSITION Ratio of body fat to lean body tissue FLEXIBILITY Moving the body through a full range of motion. MUSCULAR STRENGTH The force a muscle can produce. MUSCULAR ENDURANCE Perform physical tasks over a long period of time without tiring. CARDIORESPIRATORY ENDURANCE The ability to efficiently carry oxygen to the muscles during long periods of physical activity. (Aerobics) How to measure? Body Comp.: Skin calipers, Underwater weighing, electronic devices. Flexibility: Various measured stretching activities. Muscular Strength: Heavy lifting or moving a static resistance. Muscular Endurance: Many movements of the same muscle or muscle group. Cardio respiratory Endurance: Measuring your pulse recovery rate. Treadmills and Step-up tests.