Landscape Application Form

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					   Landscape Plans

     By: Johnny M. Jessup
Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor
          Sequential Plans

• Types of Sequential Plans
  • Functional Diagrams
  • Preliminary Designs
  • Final Plans
• Each is increasingly more specific
  and detailed.
       Functional Diagrams

• They begin the arrangement of the
  client's program on the site.
• Are called “bubble diagrams” because….
  • They use loosely drawn freeform shapes to
    represent areas or shapes.
• Help the designer make decisions
  concerning layout and sizes and the use
  of each area.
Functional Diagrams
        Preliminary Designs

• They break the “bubbles” to show first draft
  vision of how each landscape area will be
  shaped.
        Preliminary Designs

• The landscape is given its….
  • Form.
  • Type of materials to be used.
  • Application of landscape design principles.
• Are simple without real details, but….
  • The horizontal & vertical relationships
    between objects and areas are now
    included.
Preliminary Designs
        Preliminary Designs

• A number of preliminary designs may be
  shown to a client before the final plans are
  made.
                Final Plans

• Use suggestions & reactions of the client to
  make a master drawing that is graphically
  detailed & completely specific in its intent for
  the landscape.
              Final Plans

• They include….
  • Precisely identified plants & other
    materials.
  • Paving patterns.
  • Other specific & detailed information such
    as construction drawings for the landscape
    contractor & subcontractors.
             Final Plans

• Graphics are designed to impress.
         Landscape Plans

• Computer assisted or drawing board.
                Graphics

• Is the lettering & numbers.
• Types include….
  • Free-hand lettering
  • Mechanical
  • Computer
Landscape Principles
   & Procedures
        Principles of Design

• Balance
  • Materials are distributed evenly on
    opposite sides of a central axis.
• There are 3 types of balance:
  • Symmetric
  • Asymmetric
  • Proximal/Distal
           Types of Balance

• Symmetric
  • One side is a reflective mirror image of the
    opposite side.
  • Most formal type of balance.
           Types of Balance

• Asymmetric
  • Each side has as much interest as the other, but is
    not a duplicate of the other side.
           Types of Balance

• Proximal/Distal
  • Balances right and left as well as near and far.
                 Balance

• Macro-Range
  • The viewer sees the landscape from the
    most distant vantage point.
• Closer Range
  • The views from other locations not as
    distant.
         Principles of Design

• Focalization of Interest
   • Selects & positions visually strong items in the
     landscape composition to create focal points.
   • Draws the eye of the viewer to one major feature
     in each use area such as a corner building.
            Principles of Design
• Simplicity
   • Seeks to make
     viewers comfortable
     within the landscape.
   • Excludes any
     unnecessary changes
     in….
      •   Shape
      •   Color
      •   Direction
      •   Etc.
        Principles of Design

• Rhythm & Line
  • Repeating something at a standard interval or
    pattern creates rhythm.
  • Lines establish the shape & form of landscape.
             Rhythm & Line

• Replicating strong existing lines such as
  the lines of the house or pool.
• Functions of line plantings include….
  •   Foundation plantings.
  •   Block a view.
  •   Frame a View.
  •   Provide Privacy
        Principles of Design

• Proportion
  • The size relationships between all the
    features of the landscape including vertical,
    horizontal, and spatial relationships.




           OUT OF SCALE/PROPORTION
                 Proportion

• Maintains proper proportional
  relationships in a landscape between….
  •   Buildings & people.
  •   Buildings & plants.
  •   Plants & people.
  •   Plants & plants.
  •   Masses & soils.
          Principles of Design

• Unity
  • All the separate parts contribute to the creation
    of the total design.
                   Unity

• Ties together the individual parts of each
  use area by….
  • Repeating prominent colors.
  • Repeating construction materials.
  • Continue interior design themes to
    outdoor rooms.
  • Repeat plant species.
  • Raise patios, decks, and porches to door level.
         Landscape Process

• Process is a sequence of steps to reach a goal.
           Landscape Process

• Project development process goes from….
  •   Need or objectives.
  •   Design process.
  •   Accepting the design.
  •   Contracting & subcontracting.
  •   Actual landscaping.
  •   Acceptance.
  •   Billing & payment.
        Landscape Process

• Project maintenance process starts with….
  • Need or desire.
  • Moves to selecting landscape
    maintenance company.
    • (They assess the needs & presents a proposal.)
  • If proposal is accepted….
    • Company schedules & does work & then bills
      the customer.
         Landscape Process

• Design process includes….
  • Site analysis
  • Program analysis
            Designed By:

• Johnny M. Jessup; FFA Advisor
  • Hobbton High School

				
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