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					               transport
         and technical
infrastructure
               A reliably functioning city
     Prague wishes to modernize, develop and run the transport and
technical infrastructure so that it supports the proper functioning of
 the city and its economy. It should also support the city’s ambitions
 and development as a whole. It should be on a par with the current
   technical advances and operate reliably, efficiently and be kind to
                                                     the environment.
                                          In an effort to realize this strategic vision the city administration (elected
                                          bodies, authorities and city organizations) in co-operation with the public
                                          and private sectors and the people of Prague are pledged to do the
                                          following:
                                          • Develop an integrated public transport system; raise its standards and
                                          competitiveness in comparison with individual car transport.
                                          • Influence the level and style of car use in Prague to dramatically reduce
                                          the negative effects they have on the city’s environment.
                                          • Pave the way for rail, road, air and water integration into the European
                                          network and for the attainment of European norms of other developed
                                          European countries regarding the standards of the infrastructure.
                                          • Raise the efficiency of the technical infrastructure, its reliability and
                                          share in the city’s safety, reduce losses within the system and environ-
                                          mental pollution, which is the result of a poor functioning and faulty
                                          infrastructure.
                                          • Optimize the use of the existing systems and capacity of the transport
                                          and technical infrastructure, complete their modernization and put the
                                          development of new city centres and new housing localities first.

                                          54
The key to a well-functioning city
          The key to a well-functioning city lies in reaching a balance between the high internal
          and external demands on capacity, reliability and quality of the transport and technical
          infrastructure of the city and the state of the environment. Within the city limits there is
          a concentration of activities that have interregional importance and also a lot of services
          provided for the high numbers of people present on a daily basis – commuters, students
          from out of city, patients and visitors to the city. The demands on the infrastructure sys-
          tems will be directed to the needs of between 1.5 and 1.8 million people, the interests of
          the city and the future trends in development requirements. For example, there is al-
          ready a significant rise in the demand for completion and modernization of the infra-
          structure in commercially attractive localities. Prague must also sensitively market its
          function as an intersection on the important transit routes.
          Prague, in most areas of its infrastructure is linked sources of regional, national and Euro-
          pean importance. The city does not have in its territory the necessary resources for the
          linking of its systems and is unable to cover the substantial transport and technical infra-
          structure investment costs from its own budget.

          Main external links of the Prague infrastructure

               Chomutov            Teplice       Děčín     Ústí n. L.         Liberec              Mladá Boleslav
                 Chemnitz         Dresden       Hamburg    Berlin          Germany               Szczecin




                                                                  Mělník
           Germany (transit)
                                                                                                            Hradec Králové
                                                                                   Káraný                          Poland
           Karlovy Vary                                                                                          H. Králové
           Marktredwitz, Plauen                                                                                    Warsaw
                                                                              Čechy střed                        Chvaletice
           Karlovy Vary
                                                                                                         Ostrava, Katowice
                                                                                                    Brno, Vienna, Budapest
           Hradec


           Plzeň
           Germany
                                                                                                                       Russia
           Plzeň                                          Slapy                  Želivka                             Slovakia
           Nuremberg                                                                                                 (transit)
                                                 Milín                                                                   Brno
                                                                                                                     Slovakia
                                                                                                                      Austria
              Plzeň                Strakonice             České Budějovice                               Brno
           Nuremberg              Passau                              Linz       Veselí n. L.   Bratislava, Vienna



          Putting people first
          The rapid growth of car use in Prague and surroundings since the start of the 1990’s
          greatly exceeds national and European levels. This development caught Prague at a time
          when its roads were in no state to cope with the much lower demand of the 1980’s let
          alone that of the 1990’s.
          In the 1990’s a communication concept – a main road system, was put together. The
          number of established parameters on the routes of the individual parts of the system
          were faced with consequential effects on the surrounding areas and therefore, a mutu-
          ally acceptable solution was sought. The system was based on two ring roads – inner
          and outer.
          In the knowledge that post dimentionalized communication, on a capacity level, which
          is closely linked to the city, throw up the urgent problem of the need to offer the most
          attractive and competitive public transport.
          In the last few years Prague has gradually introduced regulation of transport through
          very strict parking policies, learnt from the experience of foreign cities. Thanks to

          55
          Car traffic in Prague                                                    marked measures between 1995 and 1999 on freight traffic; the share of private vehicles
          (%’s from 1990)                                                          used to transport goods was stabilized at around 40%.
   400
                                                                                   The city therefore, decided to seek the optimal vehicle use limits by contributing to mak-
   350                                                                             ing public transport more attractive, unifying Prague and substantial parts of the Central
                                                                                   Bohemian Region into an integrated system. This stance, apart from anything else, will
   300                                                                             improve conditions for pedestrians and cyclists. The risk of this chosen way forward is,
                                                                                   that is it inconsistent in its implementation measures, which could weaken the position
   250
                                                                                   of public transport and result in an increase in car use on the roads. The slow pace of im-
   200                                                                             plementation of transport policy is currently leading to a transport breakdown in Prague,
                                                                                   despite there not being a liberal transport policy in the past either.
   150                                                                             Lasting public interest in the public transport system (Prague wants pubic transport to
                                                                                   reach a 65% share in the overall transportation of people) has favourable side effects on
   100
                                                                                   the environment, trickles through to economic prosperity and also raises speed, fluency
                                                                                   and safety on the roads. It is also the key condition to ensuring long term functioning of
          1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999                        the newly restructured main road network.
              whole network    central cordon   external traffic
              (average)
                 extend of transport in the middle range    Source: ÚDI Praha      The healthy arteries of the city
                                                                                   The technical infrastructure is gradually being proven to be an effective instrument in im-
                                                                                   proving the quality of life and the environment. The individual systems do not have, for
                                                                                   the time being, equal conditions to be able to make optimal influence on the city and to
                                                                                   varying extent, problem solving is this area is dependent on nation-wide solutions.
                                                                                   The supply if drinking water can be considered as sufficient in the day-to-day running.
                                                                                   Water consumption has fallen; the amount of water produced and distributed today is
                                                                                   a third lower than the maximum levels reached in the eighties. The main interest today is
        Number of repaired breakdowns in the water network                         the unsuitable state of the water network as the cause of regular breaks in supply and
        (columns on average 80 to 1 600 mm)                                        high levels of drinking water leakage and the loss of quality on its way from production
6,000
                                                                                   to consumer.
                                                                                   This new approach to the drainage problem stems from consideration for the environ-
5,000
                                                                                   ment and the latest scientific knowledge. This requires changes to be made in the water
                                                                                   drainage and wastewater disposal system. The biggest problems are with the single
4,000
                                                                                   sewer system where during rainfall there is leakage of wastewater through overflow
                                                                                   chambers, which poses a threat to the natural waterways.
3,000
                                                                                   The poor functioning and misuse of the sewer system means that much domestic waste-
2,000
                                                                                   water is cleaned together with ballast water, which indirectly takes up drain, and water re-
                                                                                   cycling and purification centre capacity and disturbs the water cleaning process. On the
                                                                                   other hand little pollution actually makes it to the water plants because it falls as sediment
        1986      1988       1990        1992       1994   1996       1998         within the system and is flushed out into the waterways during heavy rainfall. Polluted
                                                              Source: PVK, a. s.   rainwater is not thorough purified, despite being required by both Czech and EU regula-
                                                                                   tions. The Prague waterworks are poorly equipped to process rainwater to meet the high
                                                                                   demands of current legislation. In meeting these requirements it is going to be necessary
                                                                                   to come from original and not redirected wastewater sources. It is vital that the long-term
                                                                                   problems with water management infrastructure and recycling are resolved.
                                                                                   The supply of energy has improved the state of the infrastructure. Until now, all forms of
                                                                                   fuel have been used including solid fuel of uncertain quality. The city is encouraging the
                                                                                   change over to better fuels by offering subsidies and following development of the cen-
          Fuel consumption (in terajoules)                                         tral heating supply and increase in the efficiency of production, distribution and con-
 60,000
                                                                                   sumption of energy.
 50,000                                                                            The information transfer system is developing dynamically in order to satisfy the overall
 40,000                                                                            demands of the market rather than the city alone. It is vital that Prague secures a reliable
 30,000                                                                            system of communication for crisis management with preference given to the linking of
 20,000                                                                            Prague telecommunications networks and integration into the regional and nation-wide
                                                                                   security systems and services. The city leadership supports the development and use of
 10,000
                                                                                   information systems and databases for the public authorities and general public, alike.
               1985       1992        1994        1996     1997        1998        Regular engineering interference into the city’s framework disturbs the people and en-
               coke              other solid fuels        liquid fuel
                                                                                   vironment. In the exposed centre the deep conduit tunnels are finding positive uses;
               gas fuel          Mělník heat generation centre                     they enable storage, repairs, renewal and maintenance of water, energy and transfer sys-
                                        Source: IMIP – Prague environment 1999     tems all without the need for excavation or digging.

                                                                                   56
Strategic aims

 I 1 An attractive, integrated system of pub-            I 5 Reliable and effective supply of quality
        lic transport                                           drinking water
I 1.1   Active pro public transport policy in run-     I 5.1 Improve the state and level of manage-
        ning, fares and investments                             ment of the water system
I 1.2   Decisive role and importance of rail trans-    I 5.2 Reliable water supply in regular running
        port in an integrated system and                        and crisis situations
        strengthen interest in its use                 I 5.3 Necessary level of subsidization for the
  I2    Management and reduction in car use                     Želivka resource and back-up facilities be-
I 2.1   Coherent and comprehensive main road                    tween the water resources in supplying
        network with priority given to the ring                 the city
        roads                                            I6     Ecological acceptable water drainage
I 2.2   Reduce car use on the city streets with                 from the city – a complex sewer and re-
        controls becoming stricter the nearer to                cycling and purification system, water
        the centre you get                                      flow and underground water sources
I 2.3   Reduction of negative ecological effects       I 6.1    Basic improvement in the state and level
        caused by lorries in city                               of sewer system management including
 I3     Integration into the European transport                 water recycling and purification in accord-
        networks                                                ance with Czech and EU legislation
I 3.1   Speedy, comfortable and reliable connec-       I 6.2    Reliable and effective recycling and puri-
        tions and transfers on inter city and inter-            fication of all wastewater drained from the
        national links                                          city including liquidation of sediment in
I 3.2   Completion of construction and appropri-                accordance with EU limits
        ate measures for integration into the Euro-    I 6.3    Reduce amount of ballast water in the wa-
        pean networks                                           terways and systems
I 3.3   Ensure a lasting harmony between the ex-         I7     Economic and sustainable use of pri-
        istence of airports in Prague and their ca-             mary sources of energy and media
        pacity, local environmental restrictions,       I 7.1   Effective and rational use of energy
        along the approach roads and air corri-                 sources and fuels
        dors.                                          I 7.2    Stop the use of solid fuels of lesser quality,
 I4     Favourable conditions for pedestrians                   gradual removal of fixed sources of pollu-
        and cyclists                                            tion from endangered parts of the city
I 4.1   Safe and comfortable pedestrian move-            I8     Information exchange concerning the
        ment in city                                            city and its security to be brought up to
I 4.2   Gradual improvement of the conditions                   European standards
        for cyclists                                   I 8.1    Reliable information exchange for secur-
                                                                ing public interest in the city
                                                       I 8.2    Access to quality information services




I 1 An attractive, integrated system of public transport
                 The need to raise the profile of public transport has helped the emergence of an inte-
                 grated Prague system of transport unified within the Prague framework and Central Bo-
                 hemian Region (that is; including the suburban bus and rail connections). The city has
                 set up a special organization to meet these demands – ROPID (Regional Organizer for
                 Prague Integrated Transport). Various minor public transport operators were enabled to
                 enter onto the transport market within the framework of an integrated system. The tradi-
                 tionally popular and ecologically friendly tram system gives public transport the chance
                 to improve its position in the competition with other forms of transport. That is why the
                 integrated system will count on the tram system in the future as its backbone.

                 57
                                                                    Selected activities and policies
       Total number of km                Transport work             I 1.1 Active pro public transport policy in running, fares and investments
        travelled in 1999                  distribution             • Cover all-important routes by comprehensive connection system and reduce car use
100%
                                                                    on such routes. Pay special attention to the localities of new city centres, new residential
                            5 300 mil.                              area and the importance of their transport connection.
80%                         carkm/year
                            i.e. 97.2%                   42%        • The “Optimizing Prague’s integrated Transport System” program: Ensure reliability,
                                                                    convenient intervals between services and attractive prices of integrated transport. Com-
60%
                                                                    plete fare and information unification in the system. From then on improve the technical
40%
                                                                    level of the fare and information system. Improve the “inter-connectivity” of the system.
                                                                    Secure appropriate park and ride facilities with room for future development and exten-
20%                                                                 sion. Optimize investment into the public transport framework but not at the expense of
                            153 mil.
                            carkm/year                              quality levels.
                            i.e. 2.8%                    58%        • The “Public transport is modern” program: Renew and modernize vehicle parks and
            car transport                                           public transport tracks. Improve the technical level of the tracks and routes and vehicles
            public transport              Source: ÚDI Praha, 1999   themselves with the aim of improving reliability, safety and fluent running, reduce en-
                                                                    ergy demands and effects on the environment (including the use of ecological types of
                                                                    fuel and new fuel systems), simplify traveller orientation and the movement of older or
                                                                    physically challenged people.
                                                                    • The “Green light for trams” and “Green light for buses” programs: Speed up laying the
                                                                    foundations for making surface public transport preferable to private car use on the cur-
                                                                    rent road networks (express public transport lanes, priority at crossroads and protection
                                                                    of tracks/routes in the centre).
                                                                    • Opening of an integrated transport information centre using modern management and
                                                                    information technologies. Ensure its integration into the comprehensive visitor informa-
                                                                    tion system.
                                                                    I 1.2 Decisive role and importance of rail transport in an integrated system
                                                                    and strengthen interest in its use
                                                                    • The “Development of all types of rail transport” program: to develop the tram and
                                                                    metro rail systems. Continue in the “open end” policy allowing further extension of lines
                                                                    and where suitable, surface expansion of underground metro system. Make use of the
                                                                    terminal stations on the underground to resolve suburban transport problems by build-
                                                                    ing further transport terminals and stations. By raising the attraction of the tram network
                                                                    there will be a return to its function of being an impulse for city development.



                                                                    Priority development of the public transport network



                                                                                                                           underground extension
                                                                                                                            to the Northern City

                                                                                                         Nádraží
                                                                                                      Holešovice                                Černý Most
                                                                                               Dejvická       C
                                                                                                                                                B
                                                                                                         A                             continue tramline
                                                                                                                                         to Malešice

                                                                              Zličín                                                   Skalka
                                                                                                                                  A
                                                                                       B
                                                                                                              link up Smíchov -
                                                                                       expand the tram
                                                                                                             - Pankrác by tram        C Háje
                                                                                       system into the
                                                                                       Barrandov area

                                                                                                  develop the underground
                                                                                                network into the Krč - Lhotka,
                                                                                                    Libuš - Písnice areas


                                                                                                                                                             current underground routes
                                                                                                                                                             current tramline


                                                                    58
                         • Complete the tram and metro system in the city centre at selected stations build a sec-
                         ond vestibule and extend the tram network. Where appropriate the tramlines could be
                         extended into pedestrian zones.
                         • Within the “Optimizing the Prague Integrated Transport System” program motivate
                         and direct the suburban railways to become competitive in certain corridors, when com-
                         pared to car or bus transport. Provide convenient intervals on transport routes to raise
                         the railways share in overall public transport usage, improve the travel culture and tech-
                         nical standards. Periodical updating of regional bus system to keep Prague public trans-
                         port integrated.



I 2 Road management and reduction of car use
                         Private car use has become the main cause of pollution and noise in the city. While there
                         has been a steady reduction in the flow of traffic, these cars take up valuable space origi-
                         nally set aside for the townspeople (on the streets and in parking) and are a real physical
                         threat to the people. In order to put a halt on this situation taking measures and against
                         the existing system and regulating transport is unavoidable. In regulating transport, lay
                         the groundwork for optimal levels for the movement of cars by securing, on the one
                         hand, the city’s needs and prosperity and, the standard of the city’s environment on the
                         other.

                         Selected activities and policies
                         I 2.1 Coherent and comprehensive main road network with priority given to
                         the ring roads
                         • The “Ring Roads Serve and Protect” program: Primarily secure temporary bypasses
                         around Prague, part of which will include the existing system and the rest new construc-
                         tions of inner and outer ring roads, the Vysočanská and Štěrboholská radial roads. Con-
                         tinue the teamwork with the State to build up a ring road that will act as a Prague bypass
                         to protect local roads and routes in city. Secure a step-by-step project for constructing to
                         inner ring road in co-ordination with the former, as the key element in the main road net-
                         work and in redirecting traffic out of the centre. Due to the limited available land in the
                         outer city parts it isn’t possible to include demands and capacity as the only decision-
                         making factor in expanding and developing the ring road.



                         Priority development of the main road networks

                                                                                                D8      I/9    II/243

                                                                                    II/242

                                                                II/241
                                                       II/240                                                                       II/610
                                   I/7
                                                                                                                                             I/10


                                                                                                          industrial
                                                                                                             by-pass                                  D11

                            I/6                   year 2001                                                               outer
                                                                               MO                                       ring-road
                                                                         SAT



                              D5
                                             outer
                                           ring-road                                  inner
                                                                                    ring-road                                                               I/12
the ring-road sections
         existing
         under construction
         under preparation
other main vehicle routes
         existing                                                          II/102
                                                                                                     II/603              D1                     I/2
         under preparation
         the Prague by-pass              II/115
         (to be phased in)                                      I/4



                         59
         I 2.2 Reduce car use on the city streets with controls becoming stricter the
         nearer to the centre you get
         • No increase in road capacity leading to the city centre. Reduce through traffic in the
         centre as part of the “Ring Roads Serve and Protect” program.
         • Optimize traffic use on existing roads, future measures to favour public transport ex-
         pansion using new technology and knowledge (including information and management
         technology).
         • The “Parking Zones” program: to build up a basic network of garages to match the
         needs and means of residents and to reduce surface parking at the same time. Regulate
         the capacity, time and economic possibilities of parking in the centre.
         I 2.3 Reduction of negative ecological effects caused by lorries in city
         • Encourage greater use of other forms of combined transportation regarding inner city
         freight traffic: through strengthening rail, water and air services that will lead to a reduc-
         tion in road freight traffic. Support projects to link up and integrate the transport sys-
         tems, formulate and initiate the securing of the economic foundations that will support
         combined transportation and where suitable, demand it.
         • As part of the “Ring Roads Support and Protect” program limit heavy freight traffic in
         city (for the outer ring road that means, transit lorries and the inner ring road; all kinds of
         heavy freight).
         Demand that all necessary supplies and loading to selected parts of the centre be car-
         ried out at certain times of the day only and by ecological friendly vehicles.



I 3 Integration into the European transport networks
         Prague lies on along the IV multimodal corridor; Berlin–Prague–Bratislava, with
         branches connecting with the IV A Prague–Nuremberg route. There are ten railway lines
         leading into Prague and seven roads of motorway type. Five internationally important
         roads go through (by pass) Prague, and international express trains to about 20 Euro-
         pean destinations either stop or terminate in Prague. Air travel is based at Ruzyně Air-
         port and provides direct flights to all major cities within and without Europe. The stand-
         ard of long distance and international travel should contribute to making Prague an
         attractive and pleasant destination or transit centre for visitors.

         Selected activities and policies
         I 3.1 Speedy, comfortable and reliable connections and transfers on inter
         city and international links
         • Encourage a comprehensive solution that will allow inter city and international traffic
         interchange and transfer at acceptable distances.
         • Secure a high quality and comprehensive visitor and traveller information system.
         I 3.2 Completion of construction and appropriate measures for integration
         into the European networks
         • Constructions and rebuild the rail transit corridors for Czech Republic and its connec-
         tion to Prague Central station (the New connections and Modernization of Prague Cen-
         tral Station project, east wing).
         • Construction of ring road to link up all motorways and roads that currently bombard
         Prague (as part of the “Ring roads Serve and Protect” program).
         • Develop Ruzyně Airport to appropriate capacity levels.
         I 3.3 Ensure a lasting harmony between the existence of airports in Prague
         and their capacity, local environmental restrictions, along the approach
         roads and air corridors
         • Secure attractive connections from the city centre to Ruzyně airport (that means; low
         waiting times, speed transfer, reliability and comfort of service) by means of a new line
         integrated into the Prague transport network.
         • Demand adherence to maintaining ecological regulations and limits during investment
         into increasing the airport’s capacity.




         60
I 4 Favourable conditions for pedestrians and cyclists
                        Pedestrian movement is concentrated in areas where there are; crossroads, transport ter-
                        minals, a high concentration of workplaces, public facilities and historic sights. Despite
                        this, there are very few pedestrian zones and residential streets being set aside, which
                        would allow convenient and full use of the whole area.
                        Similarly there is a negligible amount cycle routes in Prague, which could be the answer
                        to solving journeys to school and work in mainly residential areas and would also en-
                        courage recreational cycling. It is possible to make marked improvement in the condi-
                        tions for cyclists and pedestrians by fulfilling the aims of “Management and reduction of
                        car use” section.

                        Selected activities and policies
                        I 4.1 Safe and comfortable pedestrian movement in city
                        • Separate the main pedestrian routes from the heavy road traffic and create pleasant pe-
                        destrian and residential zones. Make these areas more attractive (greenery, seating areas
                        and movables, etc.).
                        • Insist on high quality direct access for pedestrians (disabled friendly access), where
                        possible avoid steep gradients. At the same time pay attention to access and entrances
                        into public transport stations and stops.
                        • Reduce the number of man-made and natural barriers to free pedestrian movement be-
                        tween individual parts of the city (transport lines and river Vltava) by building subways,
                        walkways, bridges and passages.
                        I 4.2 Gradual improvement of the conditions for cyclists
                        • Improve the cycle routes to link up residential areas with selected public transport sta-
                        tions and areas designated for recreation, sport or entertainment.
                        • With the co-operation of the Central Bohemian Region, improve the standard of
                        marked cycle routes that link up with long distance routes.



I 5 Reliable and effective supply of quality drinking water
                        The supply system connects the resources at Želivka, Jizera/Káraný and Vltava/Podolí. It
                        covers practically the whole of the Prague territory and is almost surrounded by water
                        and therefore, has a reserve capacity. Its main reserves are replenished, but until now it



                        Drinking water supply
                                                                                                                 feeder source Káraný




                                                             source
                                                             Podolí




         Želivka
         Podolí
                                                                             main
         Káraný                                                              reservoir
         Želivka + Káraný
         Želivka + Podolí + Káraný
Source: PVK, a. s.                                                                       feeder source Želivka


                        61
                                          The age of the waterwork system




Water network built during the years
         1874–1930
         1931–1940
         1941–1960
         post 1960
Source: PVS, a.s.
                                          hasn’t been possible to allow for representation (co-operation) with resources from
                                          within the whole supply area. If the Želivka plant should breakdown it is not possible to
                                          cover Prague’s needs through using the Káraný or Podolí resources, either via the main
                                          water pipe system or from the out of city reservoirs. An equal problem that affects the
                                          whole of Prague is the need to update and modernize the whole water system. It is im-
                                          perative due to the losses of drinking water in the system and still unresolved problem of
                                          protecting and conserving the water pipes.



                                          Areas put forward for waterwork
                                          and sewer system renewal




Estimated implementation and completion
         2000–2003
         2001–2004
         2003–2008
         2005–2010
         po roce 2010
Source: PVS, a. s.


                                          62
                                                                                    Selected activities and policies
                                                                                    I 5.1 Improve the overall state and level of management of the water system
                                                                                    • Update the concept of water supply stressing the need to secure high quality drinking
                                                                                    water with the aid of water reserves.
                                                                                    • Equip the system with the appropriate modern, state of the art technology.
                                                                                    • The “Overhaul and Modernization of Water and Pumping stations” program.
                                                                                    I 5.2 Reliable water supply in regular running and crisis situations
                                                                                    • The “System Renewal and Development of The Water Network” program (including;
                                                                                    equipping the systems control centre, regulation, monitoring and completion of missing
                                                                                    parts of the system.), co-ordination with the updating of the communications, sewer and
                                                                                    other civil engineering networks.
     Drinking water leakage (in %)
50                                                                                  • Equip and complete with the technology to bring the recycling and purification of wa-
                                                                                    ter in the network up to EU legislative standard.
40                                                                                  • Bring in a continual control system to check water quality in the supply system.
                                                                                    • The “Back Up Supply of Drinking Water” scheme.
30                                                                                  I 5.3 Necessary level of subsidization for the Želivka resource and back-up
                                                                                    facilities between the water resources in supplying the city
20                        Introduction of the water reserve stabilization program
                                Introduction of program to reduse leakage           • Preserve the concept of three available drinking water resources.
                                (optimization of reconstruction process,
                                shortening of repair times, quality improvement     • Give preference, in the initial stages of the program, to investment in the system re-
10                              of water gauging and records
                                    Introduction of the “system renewal and         newal and securing of back up sources of drinking water.
                                    development of the water network“
                                                                                    • Check out the possibility of greater co-operation between the Czech water-work sys-
          1990     1995        2000           2005           2010          2015     tem and the Central Bohemia Region.
                                             Source: PVS, a. s., PVK, a. s.         • Avoid and respect the protected band of water pipes used by Prague.



                                                         I 6 Ecological acceptable water drainage from the city – a com-
                                                         plex sewer and recycling and purification system, water flow
                                                         and underground water sources
                                                                                    A perspective approach to water drainage and disposal based on separate drainage of
                                                                                    polluted and non-polluted water followed by purification of the polluted waters and eco-
                                                                                    logically appropriate use of the non-polluted waters in the boroughs. Today’s water sys-
                                                                                    tem does not allow for this, which is one of the reservations the EU has about the Czech
                                                                                    Republic. The way to put this situation right lies in completing the sewer system and re-
                                                                                    placement of the deficiencies of the contingency program. It will be a demanding
                                                                                    project in both the water flow network and the purification of wastewater. When com-
                                                                                    pletion is made of locating the main and local purification plants at ČOV sectors, which
                                                                                    were chosen on the grounds of assessment of its waterways, the Czech system will be
                                                                                    on a working par with comparable foreign cities.




                                                                                    ;; ;;
                                                                                    The water drainage situation




                                                         Categorized according to
                                                         the possibilities available
                                                         and difficulties of improvement
                                                                    complicated
                                                                    favourable
                                                                    good potential for full scale works
                                                                    in co-operation with the region
                                                                    The Vltava – Labe river basin boundaries


                                                                                    63
                           Selected activities and policies
                           I 6.1 Basic improvement in the state and level of sewer system management
                           including water recycling and purification in accordance with EU and
                           Czech legislation
                           • Update the concept and complete the overall water drainage system of the capitol city.
                           • Equip the system with state of the art technology; including anti flood facilities.
                           • The “System Renewal and Development of Waterways” program (including equipment
                           to follow water flow and levels, rebuilding of back up overflow chambers and comple-
                           tion of sewer system). Co-ordinated approach to the updating of the communications,
                           waterways and other civil engineering networks.
                           • Accident prevention (systematic research of the state of the sewers and surrounding
                           banks of the main sewers).
                           • Extend permanent monitoring of rainfall in the city’s region.
                           I 6.2 Reliable and effective recycling and purification of all wastewater
                           drained from the city including liquidation of sediment up to EU standards
                           • Bring in parallel monitoring and checks on local water recycling and purification activi-
                           ties, carry out water recycling and purification selection to resolve the wastewater prob-
                           lem.
                           • The “Water Recycling and Purification Plants” program – construction of a new main pu-
                           rification plant, intensify building on selected local water recycling and purification centres.
                           • Secure the recycling of previously non-recycled or non-purified waters.
                           • Follow the flow of base metals and other undesirable materials in the sediment build up
                           under the overflow chambers.
                           • Ensure adherence to regulations and agreements in the disposal of industrial wastewater.



                           Water recycling and purification plants




                                                                  central plant




      available for use
      available for use only after updating
      problematic plants
      awaiting closure
      under planning
     example of potential integration of plants
Source: PVS, a. s., PVK, a. s.


                           I 6.3 Reduce amount of ballast water in the waterways and systems
                           • The “Rainwater Management Program” with emphasis on implementing as much sepa-
                           ration and reuse of non-polluted waters as possible.
                           • As part of the “System Update of Waterways” program, eradicate the build up of bal-
                           last waters.
                           • Co-ordinate development and water measures in areas along the city boundaries with
                           the Central Bohemian Region.

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I 7 Economic and sustainable use of primary sources of energy
and media
                       The city must be prepared for these changes related to the development and consump-
                       tion of energy supplies, on time. At times of possible energy crisis it is the state policies
                       and authorities on energy and economy that are relied upon. The city authorities will
                       aim to conserve as much energy and fuel as possible and to make use of existing
                       sources more effective and bring in use of alternative sources, too. In case of limited
                       supply, or even demand, the substitution of natural gas for heating would present the
                       city with a serious problem.

                       The heating supply




        range of central heating supply (CZT)
        sources of CZT system
        housing estates
        development of city centres
        main heating lines
        areas of worse climate conditions
Source: IMIP, ÚRM



                       Selected activities and policies
                       I 7.1 Effective and rational use of energy sources and fuels
                       • The “Energy Efficient” program (encouragement of energy efficiency and conservation
                       in heating buildings with emphasis on high rise flats).
                       • Raise the output of the centralized heating supply by using the existing facilities to their
                       full capacity.
                       • Formulate a contingency plan for the Prague energy supply (electricity, gas and heat).
                       • Further give preference to appropriate technology to efficiently reuse waste (the “Waste
                       Management” program).
                       I 7.2 Stop the use of solid fuels of lesser quality, gradual removal of fixed
                       sources of pollution from endangered parts of the city
                       • Lay the groundwork for the use of an island heating system.
                       • The “Clean Energy” program (support of centralized heating supply, introduction of co-
                       generational heating and electrical energy production in suitable localities, the use of
                       solid fuels and air quality monitoring to EU standards).
                       • Secure operation at the Malešice incineration plant to EU regulations.




                       65
I 8 Information exchange concerning the city and its security to
be brought up to European standards
          Information exchange is the weak link in the securing the safety and interest of Prague in
          the wider sense despite their development being absolutely vital to the current and fu-
          ture functioning and safety of the city.
          The basis for a well functioning information system is its integration and teamwork in its
          day to day running, as well as during crisis situations. In order to deal with this; it is vital
          to ensure their compatibility with other higher level/grade systems that encroach into
          Prague’s neighbouring territory. To secure high standards and quality of service; provid-
          ing adequate levels of openness and accessibility to public and private sectors, residents
          and visitors alike, is decisive.

          Selected activities and policies
          I 8.1 Reliable information exchange for securing public interest in the city
          • Finish work on the Unified Security System (JBS) for Prague, link it up with higher sys-
          tems and secure their compatibility, running side by side and operating levels that live up
          to the demands of crisis management. Create a specialized system of information back
          up support for the JBS.
          • The “Deep Conduit Tunnels” program – use of deep conduit tunnels for transfer and
          civil engineering networks.
          • Contribute to the completion of a citywide concept in information available for city
          work and co-ordinate its implementation.
          • Pave the legislative and technical way for functional transfer of information.
          I 8.2 Access to quality information services
          • Lay the groundwork for building up a high capacity Prague telecommunications net-
          work.
          • Implement the “INFOnet” program as the technical basis for the realization of the “De-
          velopment of the Information Society Program” project.




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