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This document show that how Environment management system(EMS) is use ful and can be applied in public bodies like municipalities to keep city clean and green.
This document show that how Environment management system(EMS) is use ful and can be applied in public bodies like municipalities to keep city clean and green.
Environment Management System (EMS:ISO-14001): A case study to prepare EMS of Anoopshahar Municipality( Bulandshahar, U.P., India) Satya Prakash Patel Student,Green Industry MBA ICPE/Josef Stefan International Postgraduate School Ljubljana,Slovenia Email:email@example.com Mentor: Dr.Rober Kocjancic Table of Content Abstract Key Words 1.Introduction Part-I: Concept of Urbanisation and EMS 2. Urbanisation and Urban Local Bodies in India 2.1 The ills of urbanisation 2.2 Role of Urban Local Bodies 3. Environmental Management System (EMS) and ISO 14001: An Overview 3.1 EMS Models 3.2 The ISO 14001 EMS Model 3.3 The key features of ISO 14001 3.4 The Elements of ISO-14001 EMS 3.5 Levels of EMS Implementation 4. Environmental Management Systems in Municipalities (Urban Local Bodies)- 4.1 Benefits of implementing EMS in urban local bodies 4.2 Barriers to implementing EMS in urban local bodies 4.3 EMS Implementation in Urban Local Bodies In India : Few Success Stories Part-II EMS of Anoopahahar Municipality,District-Bulandshahar(State of Uttar Pradesh,India) 1. Overview of Anoopshahar Municipality 1.2 EMS Implementation Questionnaire- 1.3 Purpose and Need of EMS for Anoopshahar Municipality 1.4 Goal of EMS of Anoopshahar Municiplality 1.5 Scope of the EMS 2. Environmental Policy 2.1 Environmental Policy of Anoopshahar Municipality (Bulandshahar,U.P.-India 2 3. Environmental Aspects and Impacts 4. Legal and Other Requirements 5. Environmental Objectives and Targets 6. Environmental Management Programs 7. Organizational Structure and Responsibility 8. Training, Awareness and Competence 8.1 Topics/List of Training Need 8.2 Writing a procedure 9. Communication 9.1 Internal Communication 9.2 Internal Methods of Communication 9.3 External Communication with interested parties 9.4 External Methods of Communication 9.5 Writing a procedure 10. Documentation 11. Document Control 11.1 Document control Procedure 12. Operational Control 12.1 Operational Control Procedure 12.2 Writing a procedure 13. Emergency Preparedness and Response 13.1 Effective emergency preparedness and response programme 13.2 Effective emergency preparedness and response programme Anoopshahar Municipality 14. Monitoring and Measurement 15. Non-conformance, Corrective & Preventive Action 15.1 Corrective action 15.2 Preventive action 15.3 Non-conformance 16. Environmental Records 17. EMS Audit 18. Management Review 3 18.1Agenda items for management review 18.1.1 Specific 18.1.2 General 19. Certification of EMS 20. Gaps in EMS Implementation in Anoopshahar Municipality 21. Conclusion Abstract: Urbanisation is expanding with high growth rate in 21st century in all part of the world. Rapid urbanisation is expected to continue as per a recent study, by the year 2020, about 50% of the total Indian population will live in urban areas. This trend of urbanisation brings not only the problem of resource limitations to the future, but adds many environmental impacts as well. So to combat these foreseen problems adoption of ISO-14001: Environment management System (EMS) in urban local bodies is need of hour. This paper is an attempt to frame EMS of a municipality named as Anoopshahar. It is situated in district Bulandshahar (state of Uttar Pradesh) –India. This town is situated at the bank of holy river the Ganga which have not only religious importance but also life line of North India. To maintain the purity of river the Ganga is main challenging task before municipality of Anoopshahar. It is mandatory due to hard regulations and to maintain the faith of devotees who come here to take holy bath on special occasions. This paper is an attempt to make EMS of Anoopshahar based on certain activities and their aspects which have significant impact on purity of water of holy river the Ganga. Key Words: Urban local body,ISO-14001,Environment management system(EMS) 1. Introduction: The 1992 Rio Declaration emphasised that human beings are the centre of sustainable development. There is widespread recognition that human beings are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature. Rapid urbanisation is expected to continue and as per a recent study, by the year 2020, about 50% of the total Indian population will live in urban areas. This ‗hyper‘ urbanisation trend and the concentration of population in the big towns and cities bring not only the problem of resource limitations to the future, but add many environmental impacts as well. The management of the urban environment is a complex and difficult task. The increasing momentum of urbanisation has both direct and indirect environmental impacts which need immediate attention. One approach of resolving these impacts in the urban local bodies is by adopting the Environmental Management System. The ISO 14000 series of standards, in particular the ISO 14001 Standard for environmental management systems (EMS), has become one of the most widely discussed developments in environmental management in both the private and public sectors .There are several benefits, which could be derived by implementation of EMS. From the experience it has been observed that effective implementation of EMS in any urban local body will ensure: I. The conservation and protection of natural resources. II. The regular warning signals of a deteriorating impact through periodic monitoring and measurement. III. The preparedness for emergency situations. IV. The enhancement of awareness and participation among different stakeholders. V. The Strengthening of decision-making capacities for optimised resource allocation and management. [Dr. K.Vijaya Lakshmi Manager, Development Alternative2002] withh growing urbanisation, pressure has been mounting on local urban bodies for providing adequate civic services. While the multi-disciplinary functions of the urban local bodies begin with sanitation, water supply, maintenance of roads etc., civic 4 amenities in the country are far from being satisfactory. The gap between the existing and the expected levels of most of the services has continued unabated, if not widened over the years. This dissatisfaction has been growing over time. To prevent or minimise these dissatisfaction ISO-14001 based Environmental Management System (EMS) is panacea. This paper deals with preparation of EMS of a town known as Anoopshahar. It is situated in district Bulandshahar(State of Uttar Pradesh)-India on the bank of holy river the Ganga. This town have religious importance due to river the Ganga and temples. This paper describe the scope of EMS and need of EMS for Anoopshahar municipality. Since it is an initial attempt to make EMS for this town, so municipality of Anoopshahar decides to make EMS based on certain activities and their aspects .These aspects have significant impact on purity of water of river the Ganga. In the first section of paper elaborates the trends of urbanisation in India, its role in economy and society and also its ill effects. This part also cover what is EMS, what is its key characteristics and elements. How EMS is beneficial for municipalities and what is the status and scenario of implementation of EMS in municipalities in India .The second part of paper describes specifically the all elements of Anoopshahar Municipality‘s EMS. Background, geographical location and other important information of Anoopshahar municipality explains the need of EMS for this municipality. After fixing the scope /boundary of Anoopshahar, paper elaborates all seventeen element of EMS. It is initially clear that Anoopshahar municipality adopting and implementing EMS partially on the basis of few important activities and their aspects that have significant impact on the purity of water of holy river the Ganga. Gap analysis indicates some constrains in the implementation of EMS but Board of Anoopshahar is firm to implement EMS in gradual manner as mention in its Environmental policy. Part-I: Concept of Urbanisation and EMS 2. Urbanisation and Urban Local Bodies in India —at present approximately 305 million Indians live in nearly 3700 towns and cities spread across the country. This represents the 30.5% of its population, In numerical terms, India‘s urban population is second largest in the world after China, and is higher than the total urban population of all countries put together barring China, USA and Russia1931 Table: 1 India: Urban Population 1941 – 2001 in India Census Year Urban Urban Population% to %Growth Rate of Urban Population(Millions) total population Population 1941 44.2 13.9 32 1951 62.4 17.3 41.4 1961 78.9 18 26.4 1971 109.1 19.9 38.2 1981 159.5 23.3 46.1 1991 217.6 25.7 36.4 2001 309.6 30.5 41 Source: Ministry of Urban Affairs, Government of India Urban areas are the engines of productivity and growth in the country. This is manifested in the increasing contribution of urban sector to national income. According to the Ministry of Urban Affairs urban contribution to national income in 2001 is estimated to be around 60% as against 47% in 1981. Some of the chief forces driving urbanisation today are shifting of jobs from agriculture to industry and the concentration of economic opportunities in the urban areas. Urbanisation is associated with higher incomes, improved health, higher literacy, improved quality of life and other benefits. Yet along with the benefits of urbanisation come environmental and social ills.[CTI—USAID report 2002] . From 2003 to 2007, India witnessed an unprecedented economic growth spurt at 9%. Due to the economic slowdown of 2008, however, this rate has decreased to between 6% and 7%; for a developing country, however, this is still an impressive rate of growth to maintain. The cities contribute to 60% of the country‘s GDP. 5 2.1 The ills of urbanisation-Concerns about deteriorating urban environmental conditions and their long- range implications have become a critical component of Indian government policy initiatives. Cities are growing rapidly; the pace and scale of growth have outstripped the capacity to maintain acceptable standards of public health, environmental safety, and sustainable economic growth. Enormous burdens of ill health and reduced quality of life affect citizens in those cities. With growing urbanisation, pressure has been mounting on local urban bodies for providing adequate civic services but the gap between the existing and expected levels of most of the services has continued unabated, if not widened over the years mainly due to: fast expanding urban population, growing expectations of the people, paucity of funds at the disposal of municipal bodies, ineffective management, practically at all levels, inadequate civic sense among the people, lack of sufficient autonomy within the municipal authorities, inadequate implementation of policies due to interference from the local vested interests. Further, those conditions exacerbate national environmental problems and pose real threats to the national interests. Urbanisation in India affects the environment in three major ways: 1. The prevailing pattern of increasing consumerism is material and energy intensive. 2. The continuous inflow of migratory population and thereby unplanned growth of urban squatters. 3. The inadequacy of financial, institutional, technological and infrastructure systems. All of the above mention condition leads to the following: Urban waste, urban water quality, urban transportation, and urban air quality, Resource consumption (water& electricity). 2.2 Role of Urban Local Bodies-In India urban areas are broadly defined as settlements with a population of over 5000 persons, all statutory towns, a density of population of over 400 per sq. km.[CTI-USAID Report 2002,page13] There are different kinds of urban local bodies. These include Corporations, Municipalities, Towns, Nagar Panchayats, Sanitary Boards, Notified Areas, etc. According to provisional census data of census2011 of India the Urban local bodies are 7936. . the functions of the urban local bodies can be broadly classified under the following heads: Sanitation and public health. Public conveniences and basic amenities. Primary education especially for the benefit of the weaker sections of the society. Maintenance of roads for safe and comfortable use by vehicles and pedestrians. Keeping city clean and in good order by providing necessary system to cope with drainage and sewerage. Supply of adequate quantities of safe water for drinking and other household needs. Prevention of pollution, contamination and infection, especially in the supply of foods. Primary health and medical requirements, including both preventive and curative measures. Orderly development of markets and settlement. 3. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) and ISO 14001: An Overview The ISO 14001 Standard was officially approved in September 1996, and is expected to become as pervasive in the international marketplace as the ISO 9000 series of quality management standards. Several organizations in Europe have completely implemented a formal EMS based on standards (e.g., BS 7750, EMAS, IS 310), ( 1996 Written by: Craig P. Diamond) .An EMS is a set of problem identification and problem-solving tools that can be implemented by the employees in an organisation in many different ways, depending on the organisation‘s activities and needs. EMS follows the Deming‘s well known Quality Management approach of ―Plan, Do, Check and Act‖ which is a system methodology rather than a command and control approach. 1[The ―Plan, Do, Check, Act‖ (or Feedback) Cycle was originally illustrated by Walter Stewart for the continuous improvement of product quality, and [most notably] implemented by W. Edwards Deming in post-WWII Japan.] . 6 Plan Environment Feedback Management Do System Check Figure 1: Plan, Do, Check, Feedback Cycle of Water Stewart model 3.1 EMS Models- More than one model or conceptual framework for an EMS exists. The US EPA defines an EMS as ―a set [or system] of processes and practices that enable an organization to reduce its environmental impacts and increase its operating efficiency.‖ Probably the most well –known of EMS models is the ISO 14001 international standard. Other models include the following: • European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS); • Responsible Care model developed by the American Chemical Council (ACC); • US Department of Justice (DOJ) ―Seven Key Compliance Program Elements;‖ and • EPA National Enforcement Investigation Center (NEIC) ―Compliance Focused‖ EMS. 3.2 The ISO 14001 EMS Model-According to the international standard, ISO 14001, an Environmental Management System (EMS) is ―the part of the overall management system that includes organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes, and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the environmental policy.‖ While this is a more complex definition than previously provided, it still implies the same cycle of ―Plan, Do, Check, Feedback.‖ The ISO 14001 EMS standard consists of five sections- Environmental Policy, Planning, Implementation & Operations, Checking and Corrective Action, and Management Review. 7 Environmental Policy Management Planning Reviews checking and Implementation correction action Figure: 2, The ISO 14001 EMS Model: Five Primary Components 3.3 The key features of ISO 14001: • It is a voluntary standard • It is a flexible management systems specification • Based on the Deming‘s Plan-Do-Check-Act model • It focuses on continual improvement in environmental performance • It has strong commitment to environmental legal compliance • It enhances commitment to pollution prevention and resource conservation  The ISO 14001 EMS model is built on the ―Plan, Do, Check, Review‖ model introduced by Stewart and Deming (Figure 1). The basic structure of an EMS, as defined by the ISO 14001 standard, includes a commitment to continual improvement. Within this structure, there are five primary components: (1)Environmental Policy – Establishes and communicates an organization‘s position and commitment as it relates to energy and the environment. (2)Planning – Identifies energy and environmental issues and requirements, and defines the initiatives and resources needed to achieve the environmental policy and economic goals. (3)Implementation & Operations – Describes the procedures, programs and responsibilities necessary to implement the key initiatives to achieve goals. (4)Checking and Corrective Action – Regularly monitors and assesses the effectiveness of energy and environmental management activities. (5)Management Review – High-level evaluation of the management system as a whole to determine its overall effectiveness in terms of driving continual improvement and achieving business goals. These components are all interrelated to produce a framework for managing and continually improving environmental performance. The five components of EMS are further subdivided into the following 17 elements: 8 3.4 The Elements of ISO-14001 EMS 1. Environmental Policy; 2. Legal and Other Requirements; 3. Environmental Aspects and Impacts; 4. Environmental Objectives and Targets; 5. Operational Control; 6. Environmental Management Programs; 7. Organizational Structure and Responsibility; 8. Training, Awareness and Competence; 9. Communication; 10. Documentation; 11. Document Control; 12. Emergency Preparedness and Response; 13. Monitoring and Measurement; 14. Non conformance and Corrective and Preventive Action; 15. Records and Record Keeping; 16. Environmental Management System Auditing; 17. Management Review. 3.5 Levels of EMS Implementation-- While one of the most common levels of EMS implementation is through third party certification, other levels of EMS implementation exist. For example, a municipality may wish to forego the cost of certification and self-declare that it has met the ISO requirements without seeking certification through a third party audit. Alternatively, a municipality may implement a complete EMS but have a third party provide independent verification that it has meet the ISO requirements. Finally, some municipalities may decide that only certain elements of an EMS need to be implemented to improve their performance or reduce risks. It is important to recognize however, that full, long-term benefits such as on-going risk management and continuous improvement can only be realized if all of the EMS elements are implemented. These three level are- (1) Level One - Third Party Certification to ISO 14001 (2) Level Two – Complete EMS Implementation Without Certification (3) Level Three - Partial EMS Implementation Strategies 4. Environmental Management Systems in Municipalities(Urban Local Bodies)- Much like businesses, municipal governments have a complex system of organizational management and are subject to large number of regulatory requirements. However, unlike many businesses, municipalities typically have a very wide scope of activities that encompass water and wastewater treatment, solid waste collection and disposal, maintenance of the local infrastructure, and enforcement of numerous federal, state and local codes. [Guide of EMS for local government page17] 4.1 Benefits of implementing EMS in urban local bodies -There is a lot of benefits of EMS implementation in municipalities. The Primary EMS Benefits for Municipalities are- • Positive effect on environmental performance and compliance • Improved EHS/ emergency response training, awareness, involvement & competency • Improved relationships with regulators and the community • Reduced waste production & energy consumption. • Process for inclusion of multiple stakeholder requirements. • Increased transparency and ability to respond to community requests for information • Demonstration of management control over highly complex and varied activities. • Assists in building a robust linkage between the community, the functional / operational unit and the administrators of the urban local body. • Increased management and operational efficiency and enhances the confidence level of the management to be assured that they were handling all operations in an environment friendly manner. 9 4.2 Barriers to implementing EMS in urban local bodies- There are some barriers to designing and implementing an EMS. The more important ones and their associated enabling measures have been listed in this section. • Lack of top management commitment and visibility - The importance of top management commitment cannot be under-emphasised. In many organisations, the top management pays only lip service to the EMS and this weakens the EMS considerably. As top management time is always difficult, efforts were made by the CTI team to obtain their attention to the EMS by organising occasional meetings. The top management was made aware of the EMS progress after every step. • Frequent changes of personnel and top management- This problem was a major obstacle to proceed with the design and implementation of EMS at every stage. The replacement of new member with the previously trained member slowed the process to certain extent. • Common perception that the costs outweigh the benefits – Sometimes the management thought that the costs to implement the EMS and the costs in terms of professional time investment was much more than the total benefits. But all the townships found that the return-on-investment for developing and implementing the EMS is sometimes less than a year. • Resources – Budgets and Manpower constraint - One of the main impediments of developing an EMS is the provision of inadequate budgets. Top management needs to address the EMS as an further development of the institutional infrastructure of the organisation. Lack of financial resources results in sub-standard training, consulting and auditing inputs that may delay EMS development and also make difficult the maintenance of an effective EMS. It is important to allocate sufficient budgets. • Insufficient training at all levels - In order to motivate about EMS, it is most important to provide training at all levels of the workforce and the community. Passive and unenthusiastic training are often barriers to an ineffective EMS. • EMS not recognised as the responsibility of the whole organisation – This was a major barrier in the initial stages of the process. The responsibility assigned was restricted to the core team. But later in the process integration was achieved through involvement of all departments and the communities. The roles and responsibilities were allocated by the management. However, the roles of communities were more or less voluntary in nature. But these examples of proactive initiative by a few community members triggered the others to join in to the process later. 4.3 EMS Implementation in Urban Local Bodies In India : Few Success Stories In USA the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), in conjunction with Five Winds International, conducted a Municipal EMS Pilot Project with seven Pennsylvania municipalities from 2001 – 2003.[ Guide of EMS for local government 2004 Page no.17].Indian Municipal bodies are also adopting the EMS. Southern states of India are implementing EMS in some municipalities successfully- Nammakal municipality in the state of Tamilnadu is an excellent example .Its effort was also admire by apex court of India that is Supreme Court of India -W.P.(Civil) No.888/1996 dated. 04.10.2004 HonourableJustices Y.K. Sabharwal. & D.M. Dharmadhikari.―Lack of funds is no excuse for inaction. Smaller towns in every State should go and learn from Suryapetin Andhra Pradesh (Pop. 103,000) and Namakkal in Tamil Nadu(Pop. 53,000) which have both seen dustbin-free ―Zero Garbage Towns‖ complying with the Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules since 2003 with No financial input from State or Centre, just good management and a sense of commitment.‖.Three industrial town Kasturinagar Township – IFFCO, Kalol (Gujrat-India) unit, Tatachem Township(Bet Dwarika ,Gujrat-India) – Tata Chemicals, Mithapur unit,- Pirojshahnagar Township – Godrej Boyce, Vikhroli(Mumbai) unit--of India successfully implemented EMS with the help of Clean Technology Initiative(CTI) and USAID. Page no.25/26/27]. 10 Part-II EMS of Anoopahahar Municipality,District-Bulandshahar(State of Uttar Pradesh,India) 1. Overview of Anoopshahar Municipality-Anoopshahar municipality is situated in the district of Bulandshahar(State of Uttar Pradesh,India).This town is situated on the holy bank of river the Ganga.It is also famous for its religious importance. Every year a big fair takes place in the month of November (Kartik Mela) and around one million devotees come here to take holy bath at the bank of the Ganga River. This town is having a municipal board which is elected democratic election on every five year. The municipal board have a chairman and 25 members. Under this board an executive officer implement and execute the policies with the help of employees .An overview of this Municipal body is as follows--- Name of the Local body- Anoopshahar(District-Bulandshahar,Uttar Pradesh,India) Area of the Local body in Km2- 4 square Kilometre Lay out Plan of Local body----25Wards. Population of town as in census 2011--- 36,000 No. of employee of Local body-105 Mode of transportation in the Local body—Buses/taxis/boats in the Ganga Facilities Available-Water supply, waste water treatment plant, solid waste management, medical, sanitation of city, electricity, maintaining civil work and regulating building byelaws etc. Local body Offices--Department in charge for the township, Employee‘s activities, Total No. of employees=20 a. Pass the map for buildings b. Monitor the building byelaws c. Inforce the building byelaws Water Supply--Department in charge for the supply • Source of drinking water-Under ground water supplied through two tube well and overhead tanks and deep hand pumps. • Type of water treatment-Chlorination at tube well supply point • Consumption of drinking water per day in -=3.6 million litres per day • Consumption of raw water per day in m3--- • Type & capacity of water pump station- tube well and overhead tanks • Pumping cost (per month) ----- Sewage Treatment • Department in charge for treatment-sanitation Department • Capacity of treatment plant in m3-There are two treatment plant-(Plant-A and Plant –B).Capacity of Zone- A, STP=0.805mld and Capacity of Zone –B , STP=1.76 mld. • Type of treatment plant-Sedimentation and oxidation • Usage/disposal of the treated water-Irrigation • Cost of the O & M of treatment plant- Solid Waste Management-Land fill site • Department in charge -Sanitation • Quantum of waste in kg/per day-- • Current method for Collection and Disposal-Door to door and collection through dustbin/garbage bins and transported to solid waste land fill site. Shopping Complex- • Type of shops-Daily commodities/food market/mandi • No. of shops-120 11 • Waste management from the shops- waste is collected through garbage bins and transported to land fill site Details of Recreational Clubs-One cinema hall and three marriage halls Schools available inside the Local body Name of the School Standard available Strength of school Primary /Junior school--12--/No of students---2000 LDAV Inter college-2000 Arya kanya Inter college-1000 Degree college-1000 Parks Name of the park Area in Km2 --Ambedkar park, near tehsil=50sq.meter Road Width of the road Length a.Main road to Bubuster ganj Ghat road-30 meter b.Anoopshahar bus station to city road-15meter c. Alighargh –Mooradabad highway-30meter Storm water-Anoopshahar is situated at the bank of the holy river Ganga. So it is situated on top and about 10 meter high from river level. So rain/storm water is easily drained out through gravity through municipal drain. Indirect Support Details Post office (1) Banks (5) Railway station (NIL) Power Supply-Electricity Department • Department in charge • Source and capacity of power-U.P. Power Corporation and generator supply for street lighting by Anoopshahar Municipality • Consumption pattern in Local body-Domestic/business/street lighting • Rate (Slab) of charge for user-per unit charge Hospital and Dispensary details • Department in charge-Health Department • No. of beds-36 • Facilities in the hospital-Operation/X-rays/Ultrasound/Pathology lab/maternity services • Current method of medical waste management-Incineration. Medical waste transported to incineration point. • If Incinerator available, chimney height—not available. Stakeholders- Local residents, Devotees/tourist, regulatory bodies (state/central government institutions), NGOs, Trade association of Anoopshahar Gather Information-As a first step indicated in fig-1 following questionnaire can help you capture your understanding of key issues as well as identify areas where you may need more information. 1.2 EMS Implementation Questionnaire- a. Have key stakeholders of your municipality [such as regulators, county Commissioners, or local residents] required or requested that you develop an Environmental Management System? ---Yes b. Is public perception and acceptance, i.e. relations with regulators, local? (i.e. would it be valuable for your municipality to announce that you have an EMS)? ----Yes c. Could your municipality benefit from establishing a process to prioritize and Incorporate stakeholder requirements into municipal operations? --Yes d. Do you see value in developing a system and procedures to identify and Address energy and environmental risks, liabilities and potential impacts? --- Yes e. Do you see value in developing a system and procedures to ensure regulatory compliance? ----------Yes 12 f. Could your municipality benefit from establishing a procedure to monitor its operations, set objectives and targets, track its performance and evaluate compliance with environmental laws and state-wide energy goals? -----Yes g. Are other municipalities in your region pursuing an Environmental Management System? ---------- No h. Do you feel your municipality has sufficient resources available, in terms of personnel and funds, to pursue an EMS?------ No 1.3 Purpose and Need of EMS for Anoopshahar Municipality-- The municipality of Anoopshahar has planning to implement an environmental management system (EMS) based on the ISO 14001 standard as a way of demonstrating environmental leadership, commitment to continual improvement and environmental responsibility to all stakeholders(local resident, local environmental group, employees ,supplier and service provider, state regulator) . How EMS is beneficial and mandatory for Anoopshahar? The Anoopshahar is situated on the bank of holy river the Ganga. This place have religious importance due to river the Ganga and temples. People have a lot faith in bathing river the Ganga and worshipping in temples. So it is essential for municipality of Anoopshahar must keep town neat and clean and river the Ganga should be cleaned. The High court of Allahabad also issued the direction to all municipalities situated on the bank of the Ganga River to ensure its purity. Under these circumstances the municipality of Anoopshahar have no choice to ignore the EMS despite of cost. 1.4 Goal of EMS of Anoopshahar Municiplality-- Once it has been established that an EMS would be beneficial to your municipality, the next step is deciding the level of implementation for your EMS: • Third Party Certification to ISO 14001. • Implementation of a Complete EMS Without Certification. • Partial Implementation. The municipality of Anoopshahar have these three options for adopting EMS. The municipal authorities decided that initially they will initially adopt the level three that is partial implementation without certification. Partial implementation means in first phase Municipality is taking certain activities their aspects that have significant impact on purity of river the holy Ganga. Later on they will move forward for complete implementation and third party certification. 1.5 Scope of the EMS -The municipality of Anoopshahar is EMS developing and will implement its EMS to cover all activities occurring within a defined section of the municipal operations known as the EMS boundary. Work of Anoopshahar •Electricity Municipality •Air Emissions •Water •Hazardous Waste •Vehicle Fuels •Solid Waste •Purchase of --- Chemicals, •Water Emissions • Parks management and maintenance Compost,Equipment, Materials, • Street and sidewalk cleaning Etc… • Road repair and maintenance • Supply of drinking water • Water mains service and repair • Sewage treatment plant operations • Sewage line and drainage line Input maintenance and repair • Street lighting in town Output Figure -3: EMS Boundary of Anoopshahar Municipality Table number-01: List of major Activities of Anoopshahar Municipality 13 Sr.No. Activity Description Street cleaning Operation of propane-powered street-cleaning equipment for sidewalks and inner-city streets, manual collection of garbage from street and from sidewalk garbage cans Collecting and pumping of Operation of pumping stations, maintenance of waste waste water to sewerage water collecting drainage pipes treatment plant Drinking Water supply Operation of tube well, Chlorination of water, Supply from overhead tanks, maintenance of water mains and pipes. Water treatment plant Operation of water plant, water screening, water purification, fluorine additive, water testing Solid waste management Collection of solid waste and transportation to land fill site, treatment at landfill site Civil works repair Filling holes in street asphalt each spring and repair of sidewalk and curb concrete, drainage drains/pipes Street lighting Operation of generators, maintenance of electric equipment The EMS addresses all environmental aspects that may have a significant impact on the environment arising from activities within the EMS boundary. The EMS covers only those aspects for which the municipality of Anoopshahar is responsible or over which it can reasonably expect to have control or influence. 2. Environmental Policy The municipality of Aoopshahar has a publicly available Environmental Policy that has been endorsed by senior management (person or group). The policy sets forth the environmental commitments of the municipality, which cover all activities within the defined EMS boundary. As required by the ISO 14001 standard, the policy includes the following key components: • A commitment to continual improvement; • A commitment to the prevention of pollution; and, • A commitment to meet or exceed relevant environmental legislation, regulations and other Internal or external requirements. 2.1 Environmental Policy of Anoopshahar Municipality (Bulandshahar,U.P.-India) Table-2: Environmental Policy of Anoopshahar Municipality (Bulandshahar,U.P.-India) 14 We, the people of Anoopshahar and Municipal Board of Anoopshar are committed make the religious auspicity of the Ganga river and Anoopshar town for pilgrims through cleanl environment and continual improvement in our environmental performance. We shall strive to : We will comply with state and national environmental Create environmental legislation and Complete stoppage of Clean the street and regulations. awareness amongst our waste water flow in the collect waste every day residents and suppliers. @ Our environmental river Ganga through and transported to Complete ban on policy will be pumping it and treating landfill site for polythene bags in town communicated to all in waste water segregation and and encourage use of residents in the all 25 treatment plant treatment eco-friendly materials wards of municipality interested parties and made available to the public. The policy is reviewed annually by senior management (Chairman and member of Anoopshahar Municipal Board) as part of the management review (covered in the section on Management Review, below), communicated to all personnel and made available to the public as required in operational control procedure. The management review considers whether or not the policy is appropriate to the nature, scale and environmental impacts of the activities within the EMS boundary. 3. Environmental Aspects and Impacts--Environmental aspect is defined as an element of an organisation‘s activities, products or services that can interact with the environment. As given in the definition, it covers not only the organisation‘s activities, but also its products and services. The definition also uses the word ‗can‘, which implies that both existing and potential needs to be considered. Environmental impact is defined as any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organisation‘s activities, products or services. It is important to note the relationship between aspects and impacts. This is similar to a cause-effect Relationship. It is also noted that each activity or product or service can have more than one environmental aspect and each aspect can have more than one environmental impact. The EMS team identifies the environmental aspects of all activities within the EMS boundary that the municipality controls or over which it can be expected to have influence. The EMS Team then determines which of the aspects may have a significant impact on the environment. (See in table no. 03) Table-03: Environmental Aspects/Impact/Environmental significance/Objective and Targets of Anoopshahar Municipality Activity Environmental Environment Environmenta Objectives Targets Aspects Impact l Significance Drinking 1. Possibility of 1.1Resource 1.Possibilty of 1.Complete 1. Repair or Water leakage of treated depletion leakage of stoppage/reduc Replace new Supply water 1.2Contamination treated water e the pipeline pipe 2. Possibility of of drinking water 2.Possibility of leakage overflow of water which affects excess residual 2.Improve 2.Repair or Resource depletion human health. chlorine chlorination replace 3. Possibility of 2.water Resource process and chlorination excess residual depletion rectify the plant chlorine 3. Safety & health machine 15 1-Possibility of 1. Contaminate 1. Possibility 1.Make waste 1.Repare the Waste water leakage in under-ground of leakage in water drains drain and Pumping underground water-which underground blocked and open the closed drains. affects to human closed drains. leakage free blocked 2. health. Overflow of waste 2.1Flow into Holy 2. Overflow of 2.Maintain 2.Generator water due to river the Ganga waste water regular supply must be on electricity supply that pollute the due to of electricity standby and failure/pumping river water which electricity to pumping pumps machine failure affects –health of supply motors and repairing on living creatures failure/pumpin make them regular especially dolphin. g machine break down interval 2.2.-Affects the failure free auspicous feeling of devotees. Waste water 1. Possibility of 1. Contaminate 1.Possibility of 1.Make STP 1.Repair the treatment in leakage in STP‘s underground water leakage in tanks leakage leakage STP tanks. which affects STP‘ tanks free 2.Possibility of health. 2.Possibility of 2.Made overflow in the 2.1 Direct flow over flow in 2.Stop the over escape route STP‘s tanks into river ganga the STP‘s flow and make to water and pollute river tanks emergency during heavy water which is plan during rains injurious to living heavy creature especially rain/storm dolphin. 2.2 Affect the religious/auspiciou s feeling of devotees Sanitation, 1.Strike of 1.1No cleaning 1.Srike of 1.Solve the Classify the Collection sanitation workers and no collection sanitation grievances of grievance and 2.Mechanical and transportation workers sanitation and solve transportatio failure of garbage of solid waste to workers and them in a n of solid collection and land fill site. It better time frame waste transportation leads to unhygienic communication and in machinery environment in with top transparent municipal area, management manner pollution in river ganga due dumping/throwing of waste in river ganga. 1.2 Compromise to health and affects religious feelings of devotees. 2.1. affects the hygiene, aesthetic sense and religious feeling of citizens. 16 2.2 pollute the river Ganga which affects health of living creature especially dolphin. Solid waste 1.Possibility of 1.land and ground 1. Possibility . 1. Check the treatment at faulty design and water of faulty Make soliddesign and land fill site preparation of land contamination design and waste treatment constructiona fill site 2. Improper of preparation of system with l fault of land 2.Possibility of solid waste land fill site high fill site and faulty segregation treatment leads to 2.Possibility of performance repair it. process of solid odour, unhygienic faulty 2.Repair the waste environment and segregation 2. Improve the machines or contamination of process of solid waste replace more land and water. solid waste segregation efficient process. machine Electricity 1.Possibility of 1. Stop electricity supply for failure of supply leads to street generator/electricit darkness, lighting y supply inconvenience and safety compromise of citizens. 1.2 Affects the business of traders Aspects determined to have significant impacts are reviewed at least semi-annually by the EMS Team as well as anytime there are new or changed activities to consider. Meeting discussions and procedures used to determine
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