PowerPoint Presentation - One Ocean by qingyunliuliu


									The Newfoundland and Labrador
Fishing and Petroleum Industries:
          Operating in
       Overview of Presentation

• Introduction to One Ocean
• Ocean Development and Boundary
• The Fishery in Newfoundland and Labrador
• The Petroleum Industry in Newfoundland and
• Comparison of Newfoundland and the North
• More about One Ocean
         What is ONE OCEAN?
• One Ocean is a liaison organization created for
  and by the petroleum and fishing industries in
• The structure of One Ocean consists of an
  Industry Board, an independent Chairperson,
  and an independent Secretariat.
• The One Ocean Secretariat is located at the
  Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial
  University of Newfoundland.
         What is ONE OCEAN?

• One Ocean brings together the fishing and
  petroleum sectors in this province. Industry
  Board representatives sit face-to-face to discuss
  operational activity issues, as well as
  government mandates and legislative
• This medium to convene the fishing and oil and
  gas sectors never existed in Newfoundland and
  Labrador until the inception of One Ocean.
  This model is unique in Canada and the world.
Why does Newfoundland and
      Labrador Need
   Marine Resources and Ocean
• Canada:
  – Longest coastline in the world
  – Borders on three oceans and has a quarter of its
    population living in coastal communities
• Control over marine resources:
  – Maritime jurisdictional boundary zones;
    Territorial, Contiguous, EEZ.
• Boundary delimitations have not been a
  deterrent for unrestrained competition at home
  or on a global scale.
   Marine Resources and Ocean
• Users and uses:
  – Fishing, (commercial/recreation), oil and gas,
    aquaculture, tourism, marine transportation,
    military, ocean dumping.
  – Creates competition for space and economic gain.
• Technology
  – Technological advances in extraction resulted in
    mass production, increased effort and
    development of new gear for greater depth and
    farther offshore.
Newfoundland and Labrador Fishing

• The fishery was the reason Newfoundland
  became a settlement 500 years ago.
• Newfoundland was, “[T]he great ship moored
  near the fishing banks.” (Northern Cod Review
• Fishery remains the reason many
  Newfoundlanders stay – it has defined us
  culturally, economically, politically and socially.
Ocean Development and the Fishery
• Closure of Baltic Sea cod fishery April-August
• Indefinite closure of the majority of Canada’s
  Atlantic cod fishery announced in May 2003.
• Recreational and commercial fishing conflicts
  will grow without prompt governance models.
• Aquaculture farms i.e., salmon use 3 lbs of
  fishmeal (small pelagics) to yield 1 lb. of salmon,
  and escaped species pose a threat to the native
  fish gene pool.
  Ocean Development and the Fishery
• 75% of world marine fish stocks are either fully
  exploited; overexploited;depleted; or recovering
  from depletion.
• A major concern is the failure of haddock,
  redfish and cod to respond to the drastic
  management measures that have been adopted
  in the Northwest Atlantic.
• The use of superior technology or fishing
  methods would result in higher catches, without
  impeding sector fishery success.
(The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture,
  2002: FAO/UN).
Ocean Development and the Fishery

  • Ocean Dumping is the largest assault
    against our marine environment
    – Pumping bilge at sea
    – sewage disposal
    – Airborne contaminants
    – Military waste: live ammunition; poisonous
      gases; nuclear submarines
    – Land-based sources
Ocean Development and the Fishery
Although the oil and gas industry is the most
stringently regulated ocean industry, there are
potential risks associated with oil and gas
production and transshipment:
 –   Fixed installations on the seabed, FPSOs, pipelines?
 –   Exploratory Drilling
 –   Seismic survey
 –   Production accidents and/or discharge
 –   Tanker accidents and marine traffic congestion
     NL Fishery – Value of Fishery
• Despite collapse of groundfish, value of fishery
  increased due to lucrative shellfish industry.
• Worth $1billion annually (production/export
• Employment levels cut in half in processing
  sector and reduced in harvesting compared to
• Fishery is still major employer in the province.
          NL Fishery - Offshore
• 40% or 20,000 MT of crab (province’s most
  valued fishery resource) is harvested in and
  around the Grand Banks.
• These traditional stomping grounds are now
  shared with oil rigs, tankers, supply ships,
  seismic vessels.
            NL Fishery - Today
• More effort for fishing conducted offshore
• Traditional inshore fishers have joined deep-sea
  counterparts on the Grand Banks.
• Many fish in the NAFO 3L region (~300 km from
  St. John’s) same area as Hibernia, Terra Nova
  and scheduled White Rose.
 Steps To Achieve Sustainable Development

• Prioritize the need for pro-active versus
  reactive practices for the recovery,
  protection and conservation of our marine
  biodiversity. IT IS OUR BEST ASSET!

• The regulators must be the instrument of
  promulgation of the plundering of our seas
  – DFO is the lead agency for ocean activity.
     Newfoundland and Labrador
         Petroleum Industry

• First exploration wells – 1966
• Discoveries:
  – Hibernia 1979
  – Terra Nova 1984
  – White Rose 1984
• Production fields:
  – Hibernia 1997; Terra Nova 2002; White Rose 2005
    Newfoundland and Labrador
        Petroleum Industry

• Industry has identified 8 Basins of interest
• More recent interest in the Laurentian
• Jeanne d’Arc Basin most successful
  – 2.1 billion barrels of oil
  – 5.6 trillion CF of gas
  Newfoundland-North Sea

•Fish landings in Newfoundland – 250,000 tonnes
•Value of fish landings in Newfoundland - $500
•Fish landing in the North Sea – 2.3 million
•Value of landings in the North Sea - $2.5 billion
       Newfoundland – North Sea
• Daily oil production in Newfoundland – 300,000
• Daily oil production in the North Sea – 6 million
Offshore oil and gas infrastructure in
  Pipeline 0              Production Installations 2
Offshore oil and gas infrastructure in the North
  Pipeline 15,000 kms     Production Installations 400
            Activities To-Date

• Participated in an Industry Study Tour in
  Norway and Scotland – October 2002

• Held an Industry Workshop in Newfoundland
  for the petroleum and fishing industry
  stakeholders with invited guests from Atlantic
  Canada and Europe – February 2003.
       ONE OCEAN Activities
• One Ocean has hosted industry-specific
  information sessions including:
 Presentation on the Prestige Oil Spill-
  March 2003
  Informal Discussion on Seismic Issues and
     Research in the Newfoundland Region-
     April 2003.
      ONE OCEAN Activities

• Member of the Environmental Studies
  Research Fund (ESRF) Advisory Board
• Reviewed two Strategic Environmental
• Laurentian Subbasin and Orphan Basin
  offshore regions and submitted comments
  and suggestions to the C-NOPB.
ONE OCEAN Current Endeavours

• One Ocean has developed a research project to
  analyze the response capability for oil spills in
  the province. The Secretariat has visited sites
  such as Whiffen Head Transshipment Terminal
  and North Atlantic Refinery in Come-By-
  Chance and the Holyrood Generating Station.
 ONE OCEAN Current Endeavours
• One Ocean has partnered with various members with
  an interest in ocean-related activities to collaborate on
  the initiative to provide a comprehensive oil spill-
  response training curriculum to fishers in the
  Newfoundland region.
• One Ocean is a member of the Canadian Coastal Zone
  Conference (CCZC) Planning Committee 2004, and
  hopes to host a session for graduate students from the
  EU and Newfoundland to discuss and promote
  sustainable use of the Grand Banks’ ecosystem.
• Since 2002, One Ocean has been a progressive
  advocate for sustainable co-existence of the
  Newfoundland and Labrador fishing and petroleum
• The structure and commitment of One Ocean
  enhances the opportunity for information
  dissemination and progressive joint initiatives for two
  industries operating in one ocean.
• Where will we be in 25 years?
    Telephone: 709 778-0511

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