Where is Egypt? Egypt Ancient Egypt Sphinx is a large human-headed lion that was carved from a mound of natural rock. The Sphinx is not a pyramid. It has been covered several times due to sand storms. This is what the sphinx probably looked like 3,000 years ago. Why were the pyramids built? Pyramids were built in Ancient Egypt as tombs, or burial places for Egyptian pharaohs or kings. Egyptians believed in the afterlife, so their bodies had to be protected. The insides of a pyramid were like mazes with secret doors and dead end passages. In Ancient Egypt, there were no tools to build with or trucks to move things. The Egyptians had to use their hands to make big blocks out of different kind of sand, clay and stone. The largest pyramid ever built was over 450 feet high. It is taller than the Statue of Liberty. Daily Life Houses Houses were made out of mud. Rooms were brightly painted, sometimes with birds, flowers or with the figures of protective gods. Cooking was often done out side over a fire. Inside the rooms are very Women and men working outside of the small home What did Ancient Egyptians Eat? Poor people ate bread, cheese, beans and salad and drank water. Adults ate their food sitting on simple stools. They also ate beef, pork, antelope and hyena meat as well as goose, pigeon and fish from the Nile. Wealthier people had more varied diets. Most farming families ate fairly simple food. Women Women during this time usually got married very young. Women were not treated equal to men, but they did have some rights. During this time women could own their own business. Hierogylphics This is the form of writing with pictures that represent words. Egyptians used this form of communicating to convey messages. Gods The Egyptians worshipped many gods and goddesses. The Pharaohs had special buildings called temples for them. They used to bring them offerings, these were often food and drink. “Anubis the Jackal” Many Ancient Egyptians His job was to lead the dead souls to kept a statue of a favorite god in their the underworld. home. Death The Egyptians believed in an afterlife. They believed that when you died, your spirit will travel down a great river to find the underworld. When the pharaoh died the Egyptians would place him in a great tomb with gold, clothing, food and sometimes even their wives and children if they have died before him. Mummification When a Pharaoh dies, his body must be wrapped like a mummy. • The dead body must first be cleaned. • The organs must be removed. • Oil and fragrance must be rubbed on the body. • Salt must be poured onto the body. • The body must then be wrapped in a cloth. • This process takes about 70 days. • The body of the pharaoh must be placed into a sarcophagus. (casket) King Tut (Tutankhamen) King Tut King Tut was famous not because of what he did, but because of how old he was when he became Pharaoh. Researchers predict that King Tut was approximately 7 or 8 years old when he became king. King Tut was about 5’6” King Tut died when he was about 17 or 18 years old Researchers have recently figured out the cause of his death. They believe that King Tut died from a blow to the back of the head. This mask was found on top of King Tut’s head in his tomb. This mask is made out of pure gold. Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter searched for King Tut’s tomb for thirty-one years. Inside King Tut’s Tomb Large Shrine over 16 feet long, 10 feet wide, and 9 feet tall. Walls made of gilded wood and inlaid blue porcelain. Walls painted with funerary scenes. King Tut’s coffin was made of pure gold. This tomb had not been opened in 3,300 years. When King Tut’s tomb was opened he had: Tut’s Curse The jackal’s curse on anyone that enters. “They who enter this sacred tomb shall swiftly be visited by the wings of death.” Lord Carnarvon died from an insect bite shortly after opening the tomb. Many believe that the curse is a myth. They believe that those who entered the tomb were affected by bacteria and mole in the air and that is why they became sick and died shortly after.