BACKYARD ANGLING

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					Outdoor    Adventures:     Introducing GPS and Fishing in Your Classes
Fishing 4 all Seasons

Tonya Gnewikow, Tomah High School Physical Educator
 tonyag@tomah.K12.wi.us
Eric Eswein, Tomah High School Physical Educator
erice@tomah.K12.wi.us
Kyra Neumann, Tomah Middle School Physical Educator
kyraneumann@tomah.K12.wi.us
Brad Plueger, Tomah Elementary School Physical Educator
bradplueger@tomah.K12.wi.us

BACKYARD ANGLING

Cast the lifetime activity of fishing into your school curriculum. Easy ideas and lessons for hands
on approach for middle and high school students. Incorporate casting techniques, fish
identification, knot tying, and a culminating fish fry into your unit. Backyard Bass provide
educational lead up activities that excite and challenge the students. Materials will also be
presented from the Department of Natural Resources "Learn to fish" program. Join in on the
angling craze.
Allow your students the experience to learn the enjoyment of the lifetime sport of angling while
meeting national standards and creating a friendly classroom environment.

Sample Lessons:
Day 1 – Introduction
        *fish identification
        *knot tying skills
        *fill out Learn to Fish exemption of license
web sites to find info:
http://dnr.wi.gov/fish/kidsparents/anglereducation/
www.areanet.org (state contacts for DNR info)
www.takemefishing.org
http://www.americaoutdoors.com/fishing/fishing_fun/index.html
Day 2 – Equipment and Terminology
        *Baits
        *Lures
        *Rods and Reels
        *Intro to casting

Day 3 – Fishing Rules and Regulations presentation by local DNR conservation warden. He
provides students with a variety of materials to walk away with.
       -state rules and regulations books
       -fish rulers
       -knot tying wallet cards
       -fish identification flyers

Day 4 – Casting Practice
        *OVERHEAD, SIDEARM, UNDERHAND
         In gym using Backyard Bass
         Tape fish pictures to back of fish and have students practice measuring and
            identifying fish - Is it legal?
-see attached sample lesson plan


Day 5 – 8
        Live fishing at local lake, stream, dams
        (if your school does not have water access you may continue to fish with backyard
          bass and set up a tournament)

Day 9
        *Rain Date – Angling WEB search
-see attachment

Day 10
        Written Test
        Skills test – casting and knot tying
-see attached test


Day 11 Culminating Fish Fry
      -students learn to fillet
      -fish anatomy
      -learn how to prepare, batter fry, and cook fish
      -sample taste

The beginning of the lesson is teacher directed. The teacher will demonstrate and the students
will practice. Students will then partner check casting skill techniques and knot tying techniques.

Before going out on the water – Basic Water Safety techniques are taught (REACH, THROW,
ROW, GO )

We teach a canoeing and kayaking unit before the angling unit so we incorporate our boating in
with our angling and allow students to fish out of the boats.

Equipment needed to get started:
-1 rod/reel per student or 1 for every two students
-bobbers, hooks, sinkers to outfit number of poles
-bait (live – worms, minnows, grubs) (artificial – lures, wax   worms)
-backyard bass
-fish identification pictures
-rope and eyebolts

See the attached sheets for lesson plan, tournament form, Web search, written test.
                                         Angling Lesson
                                          Fishing Unit

Student Objectives
TSWBAT learn the basic technique of casting overhand, side arm, and flick
TSWBAT gain casting skills through repetition in class
TSWBAT use fish identification knowledge to identify and score fish in a mock tournament

LX1 2 minutes
Introduction to pole

LX2 5 minutes
Demonstrate casting techniques

LX3 14 minutes
Students practice casting in open gym

LX4 20 minutes
Mock Fishing Tournament
   Back yard bass are placed throughout the gym with different fish pasted on the bottom
   The students will try to hook a fish and reel it in
   Once the fish are reeled in, the students must identify the type of fish, measure, weigh,
      and record their catch (fish must be identified correctly to count)
   The team with the most weight of fish wins the tournament

                                         Casting Steps
Closed Face (Spin Cast Reel)
   1) Face the target area with body at slight angle, aim rod, tip to target
   2) Press and hold down, release button
   3) Bend arms at elbow, raise your hand with the rod until it almost reaches eyelevel
   4) When the rod is almost straight up and down, it will be bent back by the weight of the
       plug
   5) As the rod bends, move your forearm forward with a slight wrist movement
   6) Sweep the rod forward causing the rod to bend with the motion
   7) As the rod moves in front of you reaching eye level, (about the 10 O’clock position)
       release your thumb from the button
   8) The bend in the rod casts out the bait

Open Faced
   1) Trap the line against the rod grip and your index finger
   2) Holding the line, open the bail
   3) Get ready to cast
   4) Swing the rod in a smooth arc and release the line by printing your finger at the target
                                    Jr. Angler / Web Search

Answer the following questions using either the Junior Angler book or the World Wide
Web. Possible sites to check include: www.dnr.state.wi.us or www.asa.fishing.com

1. What three pieces of equipment may you attach to your fishing line?
____________________ ____________________ ____________________

2. Name two types of knots used to attach a hook or lure to your line.

       ____________________         ____________________

3. What are gills?


4. What part of a fish allows it to balance, move and aim itself?

       ___________________

5. True or False (circle one) Fish do not have eyelids therefore do not blink.

6. How many state fish hatcheries do we have in Wisconsin?

       __________________


7. How did the exotic species enter Wisconsin waters?


8. What are a few foods that fish eat?


9. How do you measure a fish to see if it is legal length?



10. What do you need to do before handling fish so you don’t remove too much of the fish’s
protective slime?




11. You should never jump into the water to help a person who is drowning. What is the correct
order for helping someone drowning?
12. Explain how fish can be prepared to eat?




13. There are many fishing options other than traditional. Pick one of the following variations
and explain what equipment is needed for it, where it is done, and what types of fish you may
catch with that variation. Ice Fishing      Fly-Fishing      Bait Casting




14. List seven items a fisherman should have in his / her tackle-box.

       ____________________ ____________________                ____________________
       _____________________
       ____________________ ____________________
       ____________________


15. Choose one breed of fish ______________________ and describe its coloring, shape, what
water it lives in and what it likes to eat.


Name________________________ Hour_______

                              Angling Celebration of Knowledge

                                       Fish Identification

                      1.________                    A.   Perch
                      2.________                    B.   Largemouth Bass
                      3.________                    C.   Muskeye
                      4.________                    D.   Crappie
                      5.________                    E.   Bluegill
                      6.________                    F.   Trout
                      7.________                    G.   Northern Pike
                      8.________                    H.   Perch
                      9.________                    I.   Walleye

                                      Fishing Regulations

10. What is the minimum length of a legal large mouth bass? _________________
11. What is the daily limit of northern pike in the southern zone? _______________

12. What is the length of season for catching bullheads? ______________________

13. What is the daily limit of bluegills? _____________________

14. What is the record weight for a bluegill ?_____________________


                                     True (T) or False (F)

_____ 15. It is legal to dump extra minnows into the water when finished
      fishing.
_____ 16. When measuring a fish you should measure from snout with mouth closed to the
      end of compressed tail.
_____ 17. It is illegal to fish with more than 3 hooks, bait, or lures.
_____ 18. It is legal to take fish using a firearm or pellet gun.
_____ 19. It is illegal to possess a fish above or below the length limit for
      the waters being fished.
_____ 20. It is legal to jug fish in the state of Wisconsin.

                                        Fill in the blank

21.-23. When getting your pole ready to fish you need to put these 3 things on the line (NOT
BAIT). _______________ _______________ _______________

24.-25. What 2 types of live bait did we use in class? _______________ _______________

26.-27. What were the two methods of casting taught in class?     ____________________

       ____________________

28. Which location was your favorite to fish, near docks or by the dam?


29. What did you enjoy most in the angling unit?


30. What would you add for future students?


                                          Extra Credit

What is the name of our DNR Conservation Warden?_____________________________