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					                                                                                                                                      88896 552 Avenue
                                                                                                                                      Crofton, NE 68730
Common Name                   Temperature Tolerance           Height at Maturity         Age          # of trees to buy each @ price listed below. (Tree
Scientific Name               Shade Tolerance                 Growth Rate                1-0          quantities are limited & indicated below for each
Habit                         Drought Tolerance               Landscaping                2-0          tree. Flyer/web site updated regularly to reflect tree
Brief Description (Please refer to web site for additional details and photos.)

                                      2007 trees (2-0) available now              2008 trees (1-0) available 7/21/08

Alder, Mountain                       -20° F                   40'                    ALINT           1-2       3-4        5+
Alnus tenuifolia                      ST: Moderate             GR: Fast               1-0             $7.95     $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Low
Used by a wide variety of wildlife from large game animals to muskrats, beavers, and hares. Multistemmed shrub/small tree; tends to form thickets.
Associated with stream banks and bottomlands. Tolerant of shade and flooding, thus is a good stabilizer for stream banks. Quite cold hardy and lives
with a variety of extreme conditions.

Alder, Red                            -22° F to 115° F         130'                   ALRU2           1-2       3-4        5+
Alnus rubra                           ST: P/Full sun           GR: Moderate           1-0             $7.55     $6.45      $5.65
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate
Grows best where annual precipitation exceeds 25". Seedlings can tolerate some shade but full sun is required for normal development afterward.
Grows rapidly as a juvenile. Has a very extensive fibrous root system (no taproot) and its root nodules fix nitrogen. Moderate palatable animal browse.
Pulpwood product - medium fuelwood.

Alder, Sitka                          -33° F                   15'                    ALSI3           1-2          3-4       5+
Alnus sinuata                         ST: P/Full sun           GR: Slow               1-0             $7.95        $6.75     $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Low
Grows rapidly in moist woodlands, stream banks, pond margins and open moist mountain slopes to timberline. Very cold hardy to at least zone 2 and
can grow in light shade to full sun. Has the capability to fix nitrogen that is available to nearby plants. Tolerates infertile sites and often grows into a
thicket - moderate wildlife; source for fuel.

Alder, White                          -23° F                   115'                   ALRH            1-2       3-4        5+
Alnus rhombifolia                     ST: Moderate             GR: Fast               1-0             $8.25     $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: No                   L: Yes
Can be an important species for stream stabilization projects important for many bird species. Used as a shade tree for residential landscaping.

Ash, Black                            -38° F                   87'                    FRNI            1-2          3-4       5+
Fraxinus nigra                        ST: No                   GR: Moderate
Deciduous                             DT: Low                                         2-0             $11.25       $9.55     $8.45
Slow-growing, very cold hardy tree. Prefers wet, aerated soil. Small tree, has a shallow, fibrous root system - intolerant of shade. Grows in northern
swampy woodlands; valuable timber tree.

Ash, Green                            -43° F                   70'                    FRPE            1-2          3-4       5+
Fraxinus pennsylvanica                ST: Partial              GR: Fast
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate             L: Yes                 2-0             $11.25       $9.55     $8.45
Very cold hardy, drought tolerant, and with good care, seedlings will grow 1 to 2 feet annually. Has an extensive root system without a taproot.
Though its wood is strong it is not as useful as white ash. A popular shade and ornamental tree that has been planted extensively. Most adaptable of
the ashes - strong wood.

Ash, White                            -34° F                     100’                 FRAM            1-2          3-4       5+
Fraxinus americana                    ST: No, except as          GR: Moderate
Deciduous                             DT: Low                    L: Yes               2-0             $11.25       $9.55     $8.45
Grows best on fertile soils that are well-drained. Fast growing, handsome tree. Forms a taproot; is tolerant of shade as a seedling but grows best with
full sun. Makes a fine shade or landscape tree. Valuable timber tree.

Aspen, Bigtooth                       -50° F                   100'                   POGR4           1-2       3-4        5+
Populus grandidentata                 ST: No                   GR: Fast               1-0             $7.95     $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Mod. to Low
Grows with moisture variations from 20 - 60 inches. Adaptable on many sites but not as much as quaking aspen. Used in much the same way as
quaking aspen - many uses from pulp to veneers and wildlife.

Aspen, Quaking                        -70° F to 105° F         120’                   POTR5           1-2          3-4       5+
Populus tremuloides                   ST: No                   GR: Fast               1-0             $7.95        $6.75     $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Low                  L: Yes
Whole-tree aspen chips can be processed into animal feed or biomass fuel. Aspen provides a superb habitat for many wildlife species. Wood used for
pulp, veneers, shingles and more. Esthetically appealing.

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                                                                                                                                       Crofton, NE 68730
Birch, Bog/dwarf                       <-40° F                  8’                    BEGL             1-2         3-4        5+
Betula glandulosa                      ST:                      GR:                   1-0              $7.95       $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Low
A preferred browse for many wildlife species including elk in Jackson Hole, Wyoming and caribou in Alaska and Canada. In its native state it is often
low growing, spreading to erect shrub with one to several stems. In the arctic it is often prostrate growing only 8 inches tall. Extremely hardy,
tolerating cold, high winds, and permanent frost. Though it is mostly associated with wetlands, it is found growing on dry rocky locations as well.

Birch, Cherry (Sweet)                  -33° F                   70’                   BELE             1-2         3-4        5+
Betula lenta                           ST: No                   GR: Moderate          1-0              $8.25       $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate                                   2-0
Cold hardy; grows best on moist, well-drained soils. Although it is intolerant of shade through its life some light shade is useful in the first few years.
Wood is unique – when exposed to air, it darkens to a mahogany color. Used for furniture, cabinets & millwork.

Birch, Gray                            -33° F                   40’                   BEPO             1-2         3-4        5+
Betula populifolia                     ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0              $7.55       $6.45      $5.65
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate             L: Yes                2-0
Wood is not as valuable as other birches but its pleasing form; white bark, graceful branches and delicate foliage make the gray birch a valuable
ornamental tree. Often used for woodenware like spools, balusters and clothespins.

Birch, Paper                           -43° F                   100’                  BEPA             1-2         3-4        5+
Betula papyrifera                      ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0              $8.25       $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                              DT: Low                  L: Yes                2-0
Adaptable to very cold climates and a wide range of precipitation. Young paper birch grows rapidly but growth rate declines as they become aged.
Very cold hardy, prefers a little more moisture than oaks. Highly valued for ornamental plantings. Browse for deer & moose; seeds used by many bird
species. Wood used mostly in the pulp & paper industry.

Birch, River                           -23° F- but growing      100’                  BENI             1-2         3-4        5+
                                       in No.NE (Zone 4)
Betula nigra                           ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0              $8.25       $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                              DT: Low                  L: Yes                2-0
The only spring fruiting birch and the only birch whose range includes the southeastern coastal plain. Tolerates hot humid summers but also survives
well in the cold of the northern U.S. (grows in Northern Nebraska – zone 4). This birch is typically associated with alluvial river bottom soils but it
establishes well on dry sites. Its wood is not as valuable as other birch species but it is very valuable as an ornamental tree. Palatable browse animal
– moderate. Quoted as being the most beautiful of American trees (Prince Maximilian) Pulpwood product – moderate fuel usage.

Birch, Water                           -28° F                   50’                   BEOC             1-2         3-4        5+
Betula occidentalis                    ST: Moderate             GR: Fast              1-0              $7.95       $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Low                                        2-0
Forms dense thickets. Often found in riparian communities with cottonwood, willow and alder. Mostly associated with stream banks and found on silty,
sandy and rocky soils. Found growing from Alaska to Manitoba and North Dakota south to New Mexico. Browsed by big game animals – valuable
protective cover. Wood hard and heavy – used for fuel wood & posts.

Birch, Yellow                          -40° F to >100° F        >100’                 BEALM            1-2         3-4        5+
Betula alleghaniensis                  ST: Moderate             GR: Fast              1-0              $7.95       $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate                                   2-0
Easily recognized by its exfoliating yellow-bronze bark. Rapid growing, long lived and grows on a wide range of soils with a wide range of moisture.
Most valuable of all native birches – used for furniture, paneling, cabinets, doors & more.

Birch, Yukon White                     <-40° F                  80’                   BENE4            1-2         3-4        5+
Betula neoalaskana                     ST:                      GR:                   1-0              $7.95       $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT:                                            2-0
Grows with a narrow crown, red-brown bark in youth turning pinkish white to light red and exfoliating as it matures. It grows in rocky, peaty, boggy,
sandy and open woody locations. Very tolerant of cold, wind and climatic extremes.

Black Cherry                           -33° F                   80'                   PRSE             1-2         3-4        5+
Prunus serotina                        ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0              $7.95       $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate                                   2-0
Largest of the native cherries and the cherry with valuable wood. Fruit and seed are important food for many wildlife species. Large trees are
harvested for exceptional lumber used for furniture. Fruit is used for jelly and wine.

Black Cottonwood                       -53° F to 117° F         200'                  POBAT            1-2         3-4        5+
Populus trichocarpa                    ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0              $7.95       $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Low                                        2-0
Also known as western balsam poplar, this tree is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. Wood is like other cottonwood species, straight
grained, fine textured, light in weight but tough and it is used for pallets, crates, and fiberboard.

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                                                                                                                                    Crofton, NE 68730
Cedar, Alaska                         -22° F                  120'                  CHNO            1-2          3-4       5+
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis            ST: Yes                 GR: Slow              1-0
Conifer                               DT: Low                                       2-0             $11.25       $9.55
Grows in cool, wet, and humid climate. Rainfall averages nearly 90 inches. It is listed as hardy in zone 5 (- 20 o F). Excellent, durable wood for milling,
heavy flooring, framing bridge and dock decking, water and chemical tanks & many other uses. (Krummholz form)

Cedar, Incense                        -33° F to 118° F        225'                  CADE27          1-2          3-4       5+
Calocedrus decurrens                  ST: Moderate            GR: Slow              1-0
Conifer                               DT: Moderate            L: Yes                2-0             $11.25       $9.55
Grows on many types of soil and has an extensive, widespreading root system that allows it to resist drought and windthrow. Growth can be rapid
when competition and grazing damage is controlled. It is also grown as an ornamental. Heartwood is durable & resistant to decay so it is extensively
used for sills, sash, sheathing under stucco and brick, greenhouse benches, fencing, poles, exterior home siding.

Cedar, Port Orford                    2° F                    >200'                 CHLA            1-2          3-4       5+
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana              ST: Yes                 GR: Fast              1-0
Conifer                               DT: Moderate            L: Yes                2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
This very valuable cedar grows in a small area of southern Oregon and Northern California. High palatable browse for animal. Valuable cedar -
versatile wood - known for its graceful ornamental plantings. Old-growth logs bring higher prices than almost any other conifer in the U.S. Most logs
are exported to Japan. The tree has a very uncertain future. A fatal root rot was introduced that is still spreading and old-growth forests are being
rapidly depleted, while secondary-growth forests are slow growing in the early stages.

Cedar, White (Arborvitae)             -33° F                  80'                   THOC2           1-2        3-4       5+
Thuja occidentalis                    ST: Moderate            GR: Slow              1-0             $7.55      $6.45     $5.65
Conifer                               DT: Low
Commonly known as arborvitae. Branches on open grown trees extend to the ground and old trees reach at least 80 feet. This species is long-lived.
Grows on both upland and lowland sites so it tolerates wet and moderately dry sites. Very cold hard. One of the best winter browse species for white-
tailed deer. Wood decay resistant - used for posts, shingles, paneling, log home construction & pulp.

Dogwood, Red-osier                    -33° F                  15'                   COSES           1-2          3-4       5+
Cornus sericea                        ST: Moderate            GR: Moderate          1-0             $7.55        $6.45     $5.65
Shrub                                 DT: Low
Also called red-twig dogwood. Shrub is large, spreading, and thicket forming. Prefers moist soils in stream corridors or in moist woodlands.

Douglas-Fir, Coastal Douglas          -33° F                  >300'                 PSMEM           1-2        3-4       5+
Pseudotsuga menziesii menzeisii       ST: Moderate            GR: Moderate          1-0             $7.95      $6.75     $5.95
Conifer                               DT: Low
Lives long and remains productive for at least 200 years. The oldest recorded coastal Douglas fir was 1,400 years old. An abundance of laterals and
fine feeder roots form a platelike structure, which helps to anchor the tree. A very valuable timber tree used for dimensional lumber, paneling, timbers
& beams.

Douglas-Fir, Interior Douglas         -32° F                  160'                  PSMEG           1-2          3-4       5+
Pseudotsuga menziesii glauca          ST: Moderate            GR: Moderate          1-0
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                       2-0             $11.00       $9.40
Valuable timber tree. Wood used for dimensional lumber, paneling, timbers & beams.

Hardhack Spirea                       -33° F                  4'                    SPTO2           1-2          3-4       5+
Spiraea tomentosa                     ST: No                  GR: Moderate
Shrub                                 DT: Moderate                                  2-0             $10.55       $8.95     $7.90
Cold hardy, prefers moist soils with full sun. Found from Nova Scotia to Manitoba and south to Kansas and east to Georgia. Rhizomatous - forms
dense thickets.

Hazelnut, American                    -33° F                  10'                   COAM3           1-2        3-4       5+
Corylus americana                     ST: Moderate            GR: Moderate          1-0             $7.95      $6.75     $5.95
Shrub                                 DT: Moderate            L: Yes
Dominant shrub in forest and prairie ecotones. Tends to form thickets. Leaves, twigs, and catkins are essential browse for deer and moose and many
small mammals and birds consume the nuts. Grown as an ornamental and for its nuts, which are sweet and can be eaten raw or ground into flour.

Hemlock, Eastern                      -33° F                  175'                  TSCA            1-2
Tsuga canadensis                      ST: Yes                 GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Low                 L: Yes                2-0             $11.00
Root system is shallow and widespreading. Although it is generally described as a moisture-demanding species it is found growing on dry rocky
outcrops. Dense stands provide superior wildlife habitat. Wood used for pulp, sheathing, roofing subflooring and light duty framing. Planted as an

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                                                                                                                                    Crofton, NE 68730
Hemlock, Mountain                     -18° F to 100° F        150'                  TSME            1-2          3-4
Tsuga mertensiana                     ST: Yes                 GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Low                 L: Yes                2-0             $11.25       $9.55
Much of the moisture available to this hemlock falls as snow. Annual moisture can be as low as 39 inches only 2 of which comes in the growing
season. The tree grows slowly in height, is shallow rooted, and subject to windthrow. Wildlife browse. Its subalpine form is esthetically appealing and
used as an ornamental.

Hemlock, Western                      -23° F to 105° F        200'                  TSHE            1-2          3-4       5+
Tsuga heterophylla                    ST: Yes                 GR: Slow              1-0
Conifer                               DT: Low                                       2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Lives with precipitation that varies from 15 inches to more than 260 inches. Lives on a wide range of soils. Western hemlock forests are among the
most productive forest in the world. This conifer is an important commercial tree of the Pacific coast and the northern Rocky Mountains. Preferred
species for the construction industry in North America.

Hickory, Bitternut                    -23° F to 115° F        >100'                 CACO15          1-2       3-4        5+
Carya cordiformis                     ST: No                  GR: Slow              1-0             $8.25     $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Yes                 L: Yes
Tolerates extreme temperature ranges and is found on wet bottomland but also on dry poor sites where it grows equally well. Wood is strong but not
as strong as other “true hickories”. Bitternut is in a group known as pecan hickories that are less desirable as lumber. Nuts used by many wildlife but
not humans due to the high tannin content which makes it astringent and extremely bitter. Valuable ornamental and shade tree.

Hickory, Mockernut                    -28° F                  100'                  CATO6           1-2          3-4       5+
Carya tomentosa                       ST: No                  GR: Slow              1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate
Cold hardy. Wood used for handles, implements, dowels, poles, furniture and gym equipment. Grows best on deep fertile, but tolerates poor, dry

Hickory, Pignut                       -28° F to 115° F        120'                  CAGL8           1-2          3-4       5+
Carya glabra                          ST: No                  GR: Slow              1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Yes                 L: Yes
Grows in precipitation range of 30 to 80 inches annuall on dry upland sites but often under humid conditions. Seedlings grow slowly and develops a
large taproot early in life. Nuts relished by wildlife; important shade tree in some suburban areas; valuable lumber.

Hickory, Shagbark                     -43° F to 115° F        130'                  CAOV2           1-2          3-4       5+
Carya ovata                           ST: Moderate            GR: Fast              1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate
A distinctive tree with loose-plated bark and sweet nuts that were once a staple food for American Indians and numerous wildlife species. Grows on a
wide range of soils and prefers adequate moisture. Fastest growing hickory but still slower than most oaks. Strong wood used where impact
resistance is important. Nuts eaten by human and wildlife.

Hickory, Shellbark                    -18° F to 115° F        130'                  CALA21          1-2          3-4       5+
Carya laciniosa                       ST: Yes                 GR: Moderate          1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate
Not as cold hardy as shagbark and not as tolerant of dry conditions, though it is found on dry sandy soils. The nut is the largest of the hickories,
sweet, and prized and eaten by human and wildlife alike. Heavy, hard, strong, flexible wood.

Juniper, Common                       -43° F                  50'                   JUCO6           1-2          3-4
Juniperus communis                    ST: No                  GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                       2-0             $11.25       $9.55
Possibly the most widely distributed tree in the world. It is a low-growing dominant in many forest and shrubland communities. Technically it is
classified as a shrub but it can grow as a decumbent mat-forming shrub to a tree-like version that approaches 50 feet tall. It grows in a wide range of
soils and climates. Used by wildlife for food and cover.

Juniper, Rocky Mountain               -38° F to 110° F        50'                   JUSC2           1-2          3-4
Juniperus scopulorum                  ST: Moderate            GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                       2-0             $11.25       $9.55
The climate in their range is dry and subhumid, with moisture varying from 12 to 18 inches. Growth is slow in its natural habitat. Rocky Mountain
juniper is a small tree rarely growing taller than 30 feet. Colorful and attractive. Used for carvings, novelties, for posts and fuel wood.

Larch, Tamarack                       -79° F to 110° F        115'                  LALA            1-2          3-4       5+
Larix laricina                        ST: No                  GR: Fast              1-0
Deciduous/Conifer                     DT: Low                                       2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Grows on wide range of soils. One of the fastest growing conifers easily averaging more than 1.5 feet/year. One of the unique characteristics is that it
looses its needles annually (deciduous) and yet produces a seed cone. Wood used mainly for pulp and also for posts, poles, ties. Wood very
appealing, but not used as an ornamental.

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                                                                                                                                        Crofton, NE 68730
Larch, Western                         -43° to 106°             >200'                 LAOC             1-2          3-4        5+
Larix occidentalis                     ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0
Deciduous/Conifer                      DT: Low                                        2-0              $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
Like the Tamarack, the Western larch is esthetically appealing as the foliage takes on a range of colorful hues as the seasons change in the fall before
it drops its needles. Used for lumber, fuel, posts, pulp and veneers.

Maple, Bigtooth                        -23° F                   250'                  ACGR             1-2          3-4        5+
Acer grandidentatum                    ST: Yes                  GR: Moderate          1-0              $7.95        $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Low                                        2-0
Shrub/small tree. Wildlife species and livestock browse it heavily. Often found growing with gambel oak in the mountain-brush zone and in
combination - forms an important wildlife cover.

Maple, Red                             -38° F                   90'                   ACRU             1-2          3-4        5+
Acer rubrum                            ST: Yes                  GR: Fast              1-0              $7.95        $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Low                  L: Yes                2-0
Grows on very diverse sites with a wide range of precipitation but its natural range excluded the prairie states due to limited moisture. Browse, lumber,
fuel and used extensively for landscaping.

Maple, Rocky Mountain                  -43° F                   40'                   ACGLD            1-2          3-4        5+
Acer glabrum                           ST: Moderate             GR: Fast
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate                                   2-0              $11.25       $9.55      $9.40
Tall shrub/small tree grows to about 40'. Very hardy, occurs on wet or dry sites. Even though moderate drought tolerance, and some shade tolerance,
it does best in full sun. It is an important component of the shrubfields in the Rocky Mountains which are used by a wide variety of browsing ungulates,
including deer, elk, bighorn sheep, moose, and mountain goat.

Maple, Sugar                           -43° F to 100° F         120'                  ACSA             1-2          3-4        5+
Acer saccharum                         ST: Yes                  GR: Slow              1-0              $7.95        $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate                                   2-0
One of the largest and most valuable species. Grows on sand and loam that is well drained but watered and it does not grow in wet soils. Important
timber tree, high quality for cabinetry and finished wood products. Also, principal source of maple syrup.

New Jersey Tea                         -28° F                   4'                    CEAM             1-2          3-4        5+
Ceanothus americanus                   ST: Yes                  GR: Slow
Shrub                                  DT: Yes                                        2-0              $10.55       $8.95      $7.90
Used for wildlife browse. Useful for rehabilitation of disturbed sites due to its fast growth, drought tolerance and its nitrogen fixing ability. A major
understory dominate shrub in both forest and prairie.

Oak, Black                             -28° F                   150'                  QUVE             1-2          3-4        5+
Quercus velutina                       ST: Moderate             GR: Slow              1-0              $7.95        $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                              DT: Low                                        2-0
Grows best on well-drained loam soil but is found on poor, dry, sandy soils as well. Acorns valuable wildlife food. Wood mixed with red oak.

Oak, Bur                               -38° F                   170'                  QUMAM            1-2          3-4        5+
Quercus macrocarpa                     ST: Moderate             GR: Slow              1-0              $8.25        $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                              DT: Yes                                        2-0
Relatively slow growing but landscape trees grow nearly 2 feet per year. Acorns valuable as wildlife forage. Lumber and fuel wood.

Oak, Chestnut                          -18° F                   100'                  QUPR4            1-2          3-4        5+
Quercus prinus                         ST: Moderate             GR: Slow              1-0              $8.25        $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                              DT: Moderate                                   2-0
Grows best with adequate moisture of 32 inches or more annually but it grows on sandy and rocky upland sites. Seedling growth is rapid when
conditions are optimal. Acorns are sweet and relished by wildlife. Lumber similar to and marketed as white oak.

Oak, Chinkapin                         -33° F                   100'                  QUMU             1-2        3-4       5+
Quercus muehlenbergii                  ST: No                   GR: Moderate          1-0              $7.55      $6.45     $5.65
Deciduous                              DT: yes
Grows on well-drained alkaline soils with adequate moisture. Acorns relished by wildlife. Wood heavy, acorns sweet - excellent fuel wood.

Oak, Gambel                            -43° F                   40'                   QUGAB            1-2        3-4       5+
Quercus gambelii                       ST: No                   GR: Slow              1-0              $7.55      $6.45     $5.65
Deciduous                              DT: Low
Has a deep root system, xeromorphic leaves and an efficient water transport morphology that helps it weather dry periods. Gambel oak forests provide
good wildlife cover.

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Oak, Northern Pin                     -30° F                   70'                   QUEL            1-2          3-4       5+
Quercus ellisoidalis                  ST: No                   GR: Moderate          1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Yes
The natural range is mostly the middle and western Great lakes states. Useful for rehabilitating disturbed sites. Wood is valuable like other red oaks
and its acorns are important food for many wildlife. Lumber mixed with other red oaks - valuable.

Oak, Oregon White                     -33° F to 116° F         120'                  QUGA4           1-2        3-4       5+
Quercus garryana                      ST: Moderate             GR: Slow              1-0             $8.25      $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Yes                  L: Yes
Grows well on exposed and droughty sites. Establishes well even in grass because of the rapid development of a deep taproot - has a well-developed
lateral root system. Dense wood used for flooring and furniture. Now commonly used for posts and valuable fuel wood. Can be an excellent
landscape specimen.

Oak, Pin                              -33° F                   100'                  QUPA2           1-2          3-4       5+
Quercus palustris                     ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0             $7.95        $6.75     $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Low
Occurs along major rivers and wide glacial till plains in north-central and eastern U.S. Because of many small knots the lumber from this oak is less
valuable but it is hard and heavy and used for timbers and fuel. Acorns are valuable food especially for wood ducks and other waterfowl. Hard and
heavy lumber used for timbers.

Oak, Post                             -33° F                   100'                  QUST            1-2        3-4       5+
Quercus stellata                      ST: No                   GR: Slow              1-0             $7.55      $6.45     $5.65
Deciduous                             DT: Yes                  L: Yes
Acorns are valuable for wildlife. Considered a beautiful shade tree and often used in urban landscaping. Wood decay resistant - used for ties, siding,
lath, planks, timbers, stair parts, posts and fuel.

Oak, Red                              -28° F                   100'                  QURU            1-2          3-4       5+
Quercus rubra                         ST: Moderate             GR: Moderate          1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate             L: Yes
Grows with a wide range of temperatures and precipitation and is very cold hardy and somewhat drought tolerant. Northern red oak shoot growth is
episodic. When moisture, light, and temperature is favorable shoot growth flushes occur several times during the growing season with rest periods
between the flushes. Acorns important wildlife food. Valuable wood for finish carpentry. Planted widely for shade and landscaping.

Oak, Scarlet                          -28° F to 105° F         100'                  QUCOC           1-2          3-4       5+
Quercus coccinea                      ST: No                   GR: Fast              1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate             L: Yes
Known for its brilliant fall foliage. Because of its hardiness it is planted on a wide variety of soils. Lumber mixed with other red oaks. Planted as a
landscpe and shade tree.

Oak, Swamp White                      -28° F to 105° F         100'                  QUBI            1-2          3-4       5+
Quercus bicolor                       ST: Moderate             GR: Fast              1-0             $8.25        $7.00     $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Low                  L: Yes
Tolerates poorly drained soils. Root system is relatively shallow for an oak. Squirrels, and wild ducks relish its sweet acorns. Lumber and fuel -
excellent landscape shade tree.

Oak, White                            -43° F to >110° F        100'                  QUAL            1-2          3-4       5+
Quercus alba                          ST: Moderate             GR: Slow              1-0             $7.95        $6.75     $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Moderate             L: Yes
Its range includes much of the eastern U.S. west to Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska and south to the gulf. Grows in a widely variable range of precipitation.
High wildlife value. Among most handsome of oaks. Lumber, fuel, landscaping.

Pine, Bristlecone                     -33° F                   40'                   PIAR            1-2          3-4       5+
Pinus aristata                        ST: No                   GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Its habitat is mostly upper montane and subalpine. At treeline it forms krummholz (i.e., dwarfed and deformed coniferous vegetation due to wind
speeds in excess of 100 mph, snow depths in excess of 12 feet, and growing seasons as short as 2 months). Bristlecone pine below the krummholz
line in the subalpine region grows as a small tree. Shoot growth is very slow in its native habitats, on the order of one inch per year. We have
achieved nearly 3 inches of growth in the first year in the greenhouse.

Pine, Eastern White                   -33° F                   150'                  PIST            1-2          3-4       5+
Pinus strobus                         ST: Moderate             GR: Fast              1-0             $7.95        $6.75     $5.95
Conifer                               DT: Low                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Tolerates some shade better than other pine species. It occurs on a wide variety of soils and the full range of moisture gradient from wet to dry. Highly
valuable for wildlife including bald eagle; valuable timber used for doors, moldings, trim, siding, paneling, cabinetry, and furniture.

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Pine, Jack                            -53° F to >100° F        90'                   PIBA2           1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus banksiana                       ST: No                   GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
Grows farther north than any other American pine. The major portion of the jack pine range is in Canada where it extends north through the Northwest
Territories but it can be found in most of the north central and northeast states in the United States. Grows on a diversity of soils from very sandy to
loams. Exceedingly drought tolerant, growing where scarcely any tree might survive. It is the least shade tolerant in its native range. Windthrow is not
a problem in jack pine stands; stem breakage from ice and snow is more common. Jack pine stands stabilize watersheds; produce food and shelter for
a wide variety of wildlife including white-tailed deer. It is an important source of pulpwood, lumber, and round timber.

Pine, Jeffrey                         -38° F                   200'                  PIJE            1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus jeffreyi                        ST: No                   GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Moderate                                   2-0             $11.25       $9.55      $8.45
Jeffrey pine is slower growing than Ponderosa pine in the sapling stage but faster growing in the pole stage. Provides important food (large seeds) for
numerous birds and mammals. Produces high-grade lumber indistinguishable from Ponderosa pine and is used for moldings, millwork, cabinets, doors
and windows.

Pine, Knobcone                        -10° F                   40'                   PIAT            1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus attenuata                       ST: No                   GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Moderate                                   2-0             $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
May have multiple trunks and the root system is wide and deep. Wet, mild winters and hot, dry summers characterize the climate in which this pine
grows. Fog drip helps ameliorate hot weather.

Pine, Limber                          -43° F                   66'                   PIFL2           1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus flexilis                        ST: No                   GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                        2-0             $11.25       $9.55      $8.45
Grows where precipitation is minimal at best, the humidity is low, and the temperature ranges are wide. Because it does withstand severe wind and
dry conditions this pine would make a good shelterbelt tree but it is slow growing. Used for rough construction, railroad ties, and poles.

Pine, Lodgepole                       -70° F to >100° F        100'                  PICOL           1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus contorta var. latifolia         ST: No                   GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Low                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
Grows best with moist soils but can grow on a wide variety of soils. Because of its shallow root system the pine is susceptible to windfall. However, the
shallow rootedness is most associated with hardpan or shallow rocky soils. On deeper soil profiles the root system more firmly anchors the tree.
Lodgepole pine is very intolerant of shade and competition from other plants. It does not self-prune easily but branches are often small and the
resultant main bole (stem) is tall and solid producing good structural lumber but the best stands are those that have been thinned to reduce seedling
competition. Provides excellent habitat at all life stages for numerous wildlife species. Lumber used for framing, paneling, posts, poles, ties, pulpwood
and especially valuable for the developing structural particleboard industry because of the rapid juvenile growth. Not only an important timber tree, but
it is a scenic spectacle.

Pine, Pinyon                          -31° F to 112° F         50'                   PIED            1-2        3-4        5+
Pinus edulis                          ST: No                   GR: Slow              1-0             $8.25      $7.00      $6.20
Conifer                               DT: Yes
It is co-dominant with juniper species in semiarid forests with hot summers and cold winters. Height growth of young trees is on the order of 6 inches
annually and mature trees grow even more slowly (i.e., 4 inches/ year). In good seed years, as many as 2 million pounds are harvested and sold.
Pinyon-juniper woodlands are prime wildlife habitats for mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk and turkey. Nuts edible both by people and wildlife.

Pine, Pitch                           -43° F                   100'                  PIRI            1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus rigida                          ST: No                   GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Moderate                                   2-0             $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
This pine can yield more timber on unfavorable sites than other pines. Can thrive on dry and wet sites. Seedlings grow rather slowly and are
susceptible to drought for the first 2-years, but growth is faster as the tree ages. Valuable wildlife tree for many species; whitetail deer commonly
browse pitch pine needles. Wood used for rough construction, pulp, crating and fuel. Has been used in the past for ties, timbers, and even
shipbuilding because it contains a lot of resin, which resists decay.

Pine, Ponderosa                       -36° F to >100° F        >230'                 PIPOS           1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus ponderosa var scopulorum        ST: No                   GR: Moderate
Conifer                               DT: Yes                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
Grows in a wide range of soils and moisture regimes. Ponderosa pine grows relatively fast in its youth but slows with age. This pine has a vigorous
taproot and aggressive lateral roots, making this pine windfirm - can be damaged by heavy snow loads. Major source of timber, is an important tree for
recreation, esthetics and wildlife habitat.

Pine, Red                             -43° F                   150'                  PIRE            1-2          3-4        5+
Pinus resinosa                        ST: No                   GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Low                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40      $8.25
Good tough tree, branches heavily to the ground in open stands. Growth is slow during the first 4 to 5 years but speeds up as the tree ages. Grows in
dry, sandy, acidic, often infertile soils but it can grow in nearly all types of soil, especially where the soils are sub-irrigated and well aerated. Lumber,
posts, pulp and veneer.

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Pine, Shore                           -24° F                50'                  PICOC          1-2      3-4      5+
Pinus contorta var. contorta          ST: No                GR: Fast             1-0            $7.55    $6.45    $5.65
Conifer                               DT: Moderate          L: Attractive
                                                            twisted form
Shore pine, also known as beach pine, is a coastal subspecies of lodgepole pine. It has numerous branches and may perform well when used as a
shelterbelt species. Used for fuel, posts and wildlife.

Pine, Western White                   -33° F to 107° F         240'                  PIMO3           1-2          3-4       5+
Pinus monticola                       ST: Moderate             GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Low                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Grows on a wide variety of soils in areas with wet winters and dry summers. Seedlings benefit from some shade but once established this pine grows
best in full sun. Along with lodgepole pine, western white pine is one of the more frost (cold) tolerant western tree species. An important timber tree
with lightweight, straight-grained wood used for sash, door frames, doors, interior paneling and building construction.

Pine, Whitebark                       -58° F to 90° F          65'                   PIAL            1-2        3-4       5+
Pinus albicaulis                      ST: Moderate             GR: Slow              1-0             $8.25      $7.00     $6.20
Conifer                               DT: Yes
This is a species of special concern due to replacement by other species possibly associated with climate changes. It grows mostly in cold, windy,
snowy zones. The hottest summer temperatures in its primary range approach 90o F, while record lows approach – 60o F. It grows best in exposed
sites with full sun and tolerates a wide range of moisture conditions; considered to be drought tolerant. It develops a deep, spreading root system that
anchors it against the most ferocious winds. Seeds are large and valued by numerous wildlife species including grizzly bear. Valued for watershed
protection and its esthetic form.

Rose, Wood’s                          -43° F                   3'                    ROWO            1-2          3-4       5+
Rosa woodsi                           ST: Moderate             GR: Fast              1-0             $7.55        $6.45     $5.65
Shrub                                 DT: Moderate
Forms thickets. Found in the Northwest Territories south to Missouri and west to New Mexico and Colorado. Important wildlife browse and cover.

Sagebrush, Wyoming Big                -33° F                   15'                   ARTRW           1-2          3-4       5+
Artemisia tridentata                  ST: No                   GR: Slow              1-0             $7.55        $6.45     $5.65
Shrub                                 DT: Yes                  L: Yes
Grows throughout the western half of the U.S. from the Dakotas and Nebraska to the coast. It can grow to 15 feet but normally stays at about 4 feet.
Leaves persist through the winter and the leaves and twigs are used by many wildlife species. Attractive and aromatic - can be an attractive landscape

Serviceberry, Shadblow                -33° F                   25'                   AMCA            1-2          3-4       5+
Amelanchier canadensis                ST: Partial              GR: Moderate          1-0             $7.55        $6.45     $5.65
Shrub                                 DT: Low                  L: Yes
Grows across much of the U.S. It is an attractive shrub with a variety of foliage color from spring through fall, and it produces edible, very tasty small
purple fruits.

Spirea, Douglas                       -23° F                   6'                    SPDO            1-2          3-4       5+
Spiraea douglasii                     ST: No                   GR: Moderate
Shrub                                 DT: Moderate                                   2-0             $10.55       $8.95     $7.90
Rhizomatous shrub grows in riparian areas including meadows, floodplains, bogs, swamps and stream banks. It is useful to wildlife.

Spirea, Shiny Leaf                    -38° F                   3'                    SPBEL           1-2          3-4       5+
Spiraea betulifolia                   ST: Moderate             GR: Moderate
Shrub                                 DT: Low                                        2-0             $10.55       $8.95     $7.90
Forms thickets. It is rhizomatous so it grows in dense colonies and has a deep fibrous root system. Grows well on dry sites; is shade tolerant but its
canopy declines under dense shade. Grows to about 3 feet so its cover value for wildlife is limited to small mammals and birds.

Spirea, Subalpine                     -38° F                   5'                    SPDE            1-2          3-4       5+
Spiraea densiflora                    ST: Moderate             GR:
Shrub                                 DT:                                            2-0             $10.55       $8.95     $7.90
Shrub reaches about 5 feet, prefers moist locations with full to partial sun. Found on rocky slopes in mountainous terrain to the treeline at about
11,000 feet.

Spruce, Black                         <-79° F to 105° F        100'                  PIMA            1-2          3-4       5+
Picea mariana                         ST: Moderate             GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Low                                        2-0             $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Grows on wet organic soils, deep humus, clay, loam, sand, coarse till, and even boulder pavement. Wood makes high quality pulp.

Spruce, Black Hills                   -65° F                   60'                   PIGLD           1-2          3-4
Picea glauca densata                  ST: No                   GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Moderate             L: Yes                2-0             $11.00       $9.40
This conifer is a variant of white spruce. Superior ornamental tree for landscaping.

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Spruce, Colorado                       <-4° F to >100° F        >125'                 PIPU             1-2          3-4       5+
Picea pungens                          ST: Moderate             GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Moderate             L: Yes                2-0              $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Tolerates heat well as referenced by its wide distribution for landscaping. It is adapted to limited moisture (18 inches) but grows best with abundant
moisture. We try hard to grow Colorado spruce from native seed stocks. Widely used as an ornamental tree. Lumber, posts, fuel and pulp.

Spruce, Engelmann                      -50° F to 90° F          >130'                 PIENE            1-2          3-4       5+
Picea engelmannii                      ST: Yes                  GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Low                                        2-0              $10.55       $8.95     $7.90
A major component of the Rocky Mountain high elevation forests. Valuable wildlife habitat, and livestock grazing units. Valuable timber tree - used for
post, pulp, veneer, fuel.

Spruce, Red                            -47° F                   115'                  PIRU             1-2          3-4       5+
Picea rubens                           ST: Yes                  GR: Moderate
Conifer                                DT: Moderate                                   2-0              $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Where it occurs naturally, moisture may range from 36-52 inches and fog drip may help maintain consistently high moisture levels. Wood is valued for
its lightweight and straight grain - used for paper, construction lumber, and is highly preferred for making musical instruments.

Spruce, Sitka                          -33° F                   >200'                 PISI             1-2          3-4       5+
Picea sitchensis                       ST: Moderate             GR: Moderate
Conifer                                DT: Low                                        2-0              $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Grows in a high precipitation zone where moisture averages 116 inches, but some stands of sitka spruce receive much less moisture. It is susceptible
to windthrow. Wood used for clear lumber, sounding boards for pianos and guitars, and many construction uses.

Spruce, White                          -64° F to 110° F         200'                  PIGL             1-2          3-4       5+
Picea glauca                           ST: Moderate             GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Yes                                        2-0              $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Grows under highly variable conditions. Lives with as little as 10 inches to as much as 50 inches of moisture. Grows on glacial, lacustrine, marine,
and alluvial origin soils. Lumber is valuable for a wide range of products including house logs, musical instruments and much more.

True Fir, Balsam                       -43° F                   <100'                 ABBAB            1-2          3-4       5+
Abies balsamea                         ST: Yes                  GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Low                                        2-0              $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
Grows on a wide range of soils and prefers abundant moisture. Mean annual precipitation in its primary range is 30-43 inches. Provides good shelter
for large ungulates, small mammals and birds. Most important products from balsam fir wood are pulpwood and lumber. The wood is light and soft and
its primary use is in light-frame construction.

True Fir, California Red               -23° F                   200'                  ABMA             1-2          3-4       5+
Abies magnifica                        ST: Yes                  GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Low                                        2-0              $11.25       $9.55     $8.45
Grows best in full sun but it can survive extended periods in dense shade. It is not as drought tolerant as white fir but still tolerates dry conditions.
Lumber, pulp and veneer.

True Fir, Corkbark                                              100'                  ABLAA            1-2          3-4       5+
Abies lasiocarpa arizonica             ST: No                   GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Moderate                                   2-0              $11.25       $9.55     $8.45
This variety of subalpine fir is distinguished by its creamy white, corky bark and it is restricted to the Rocky Mountains of southern Colorado, Arizona
and New Mexico. It mixes with Abies lasiocarpa lasiocarpa in Colorado. These two firs, otherwise, are similar in many respects. Corkbark fir may be
somewhat less cold hardy. Lumber used for rough construction.

True Fir, Fraser                       -23° F to -30° F         80'                   ABFR             1-2          3-4       5+
Abies fraseri                          ST: Yes                  GR: Moderate
Conifer                                DT: Low                  L: Yes                2-0              $11.25       $9.55     $8.45
Tree is visually stunning, and is a valuable esthetic asset whether found in its historical locations or growing as a specimen landscape tree. Stunning
wood - used for lumber, pulp and veneer. Grown in southeast South Dakota for Christmas trees, which is in zone 4 (- 30°F).

True Fir, Grand                        -33° F                   >230'                 ABGR             1-2          3-4
Abies grandis                          ST: Yes                  GR: Moderate
Conifer                                DT: Low                  L: Yes                2-0              $11.25       $9.55
Wide moisture requirement from minimal (20 inches) to extreme (100 inches). Luxuriant foliage, symmetrical form, and deep green foliage make this a
valuable recreation species and an extremely, valuable landscape tree. Wood used for pulp, veneer, lumber, Christmas trees.

True Fir, Lowiana                      -30° F                   220'                  ABCOL            1-2          3-4       5+
Abies concolor lowiana                 ST: Yes                  GR: Slow
Conifer                                DT: Moderate                                   2-0              $11.00       $9.40     $8.25
This fir is the dominant shade-tolerant species in the Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest, which has been called the “finest conifer forest area on

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True Fir, Noble                       -23° F to -30° F        300'                  ABPR            1-2          3-4        5+
Abies procera                         ST: Moderate            GR: Fast
Conifer                               DT: Low                 L: Yes                2-0             $11.25       $9.55      $8.45
Has a clean, columnar bole at maturity and attains the greatest dimensions of all of the true firs. Grows on a wide variety of soils if ample moisture is
available. Initial growth of noble fir is slow but young trees on good sites grow very rapidly. Very attractive landscape tree. Wood is strong and
valuable. Lumber, pulp and veneer.

True Fir, Pacific Silver              7° F                    >230'                 ABAM            1-2          3-4        5+
Abies amabilis                        ST: Yes                 GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Low                                       2-0             $11.25       $9.55      $8.45
Thrives where moisture is high (38 to 260 inches). Lumber used for plywood, pulp and veneer.

True Fir, Subalpine                   -51° F                  >100'                 ABLAL           1-2          3-4        5+
Abies lasiocarpa                      ST: Yes                 GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Low                 L: Yes                2-0             $11.25       $9.55      $8.45
Its long, narrow, conical crown is spire-like in form characterizes this smallest true fir. Grows in the coolest and wettest highest elevations of its
mountainous habitat. It is not exacting in its soil requirements and grows equally well on too dry or too wet locations. Early root growth is slow as is
the shoot growth. On lower elevation sites shoot growth can be as much as 5 inches with limited competition. It forms krummholz, but at lower
elevations in closed forests it can achieve a height of 100 feet or more. The mixed subalpine fir-engelmann spruce forest is primary habitat for many
species of mountain wildlife. Wood used in construction, boxes, crates, doors, and frame. Extremely valuable landscape tree.

True Fir, White                       -38° F                  180'                  ABCO            1-2          3-4        5+
Abies concolor                        ST: Yes                 GR: Slow
Conifer                               DT: Yes                 L: Yes                2-0             $11.25       $9.55      $8.45
Grows on high elevation sites with long winters. Requires minimal moisture (20-35 inches). We have adult white fir growing well in zone 4 (- 30 o F).
Seedlings grow slowly for the first 5 years or so. Wood used for general construction, pulp and veneer. Valuable landscape tree.

Tupelo, Black                         -18° F                  120'                  NYSY            1-2        3-4       5+
Nyssa sylvatica                       ST: Yes                 GR: Moderate          1-0             $8.25      $7.00     $6.20
Conifer                               DT: Low                 L: Yes
Moderately cold hardy; grows on a wide variety of soils and climates. Excellent wildlife tree. Attractive landscape and honey tree that also produces
logs suitable for production of veneer lumber; otherwise it is used for pallets.

Walnut, Black                         -28° F                  125'                  JUNI            1-2          3-4        5+
Juglans nigra                         ST: No                  GR: Fast              1-0             $7.95        $6.75      $5.95
Deciduous                             DT: Low                 L: Yes                2-0
Prefers deep fertile soils with adequate moisture but with early care it becomes very tolerant of extreme conditions. Widely planted as a
shade/valuable landscape tree and for its nuts which are collected for commercial use; and wildlife. One of the most durable hardwoods in America -
hard, straight grained, easily worked and used for fine furniture, bookcases, tables, desks, and more.

Walnut, Butternut                     -33° F                  70'                   JUCI            1-2          3-4        5+
Juglans cinerea                       ST: No                  GR: Fast              1-0             $8.25        $7.00      $6.20
Deciduous                             DT: Low                                       2-0
Wood softer than black walnut, but with attractive grain. Lumber, pulp and veneer.
                                    -38° F                    6'                   PRPUB            1-2         3-4       5+
Western Sandcherry
Prunus pumila var. besseyii         ST: No                    GR: Moderate         1-0              $7.55       $6.45     $5.65
Shrub                               DT: Yes
This shrub is very hardy, prefers full sun and will grow in many soil types. Fruit is used by people and many wildlife species and the plant makes
excellent cover.

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