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UOM-2004-1738-Prelim

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             Thesis       infuffillment therequirements the
                  submitted           of             for
                    Degree Doctorof Philosopfu,
                          of                   2004

t'


                           UNIVERSITY MYSORE
                                    OF                             :
         -      a
                                   CERTTFICATE
                                                                 369h-
                                                            sEr.rr.

            I hereby certifu that this thesis entitled "CtsTOGENETIC STUDIES

      ON SOUTH INDIAN ORTHOPTEROUSINSECTS"embodies results
                                                 the

                        work doneby S. Sudha,undermy guidance
      of bonafideresearch                                    and direct

                 I
      supervision. firther certiff that this thesisor part thereofhas not beenthe

      basisfor the awardof anyotherdegree diploma.
                                        or




                                              (M. EDWARD GURURAJ)
                                        Dr. M. EdwardGururaj, M.Sc.,Ph.D.
                                        Professor Zoology
                                                 of       (Retired)
                                      DOSin Zoology,University Mysore,
                                                             of
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                              DECLARATION


          I, S. Sudha, declare that this thesis antitled 'CYTOGENETIC

    STUDIESON SOUTH INDIAN ORTHOPTEROUSINSECTS" embodies

    the results bonafide
               of             work doneby me,undertheguidance Dr. M.
                       research                             of

    EdwardGururaj,Professor Zoology(Retired),
                          of                DOS in Zoology,University

    of Mysore,Mysore.I furtherdeclare this thesis partthereofhasnot been
                                    that         or

    the basisfor the awardof anyotherdegree diploma.
                                          or




                                                       .fi'-ttr--!
                                                   (s. SUDHA)
                                                                zoloef>ooy


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)
                                   ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


                  I expressmy deep senseof gratitudeto Dr. M. Edward Gururaj,
            Professorof Zoology (Retired),Department Post GraduateStudiesand
                                                   of
            Research Zoology, University of Mysore, Mysore for his untiring and
                    in
                                                    throughoutthe course of
            valuable guidanceand constantencouragement
            investigations.
    .

                                                                   Prof. of
                           gratitude due to Dr. A.V. Champakamalini,
                  My earnest       is
            Zoology(Retd.),
                          Yuvaraja's                        moralsupport
                                          Mysore, her immense
                                   College,     for
                                           thants are dueto Ms. K. Afzalunnisa,
            for undertaking work. My special
                          this
            Professor Botany(Retd.),Maharani's
                    of                             College,Mysore for her
                                             Science

    .       encouragement Mrs.DaisyArunafor hertimelyhelp.
                      and


                                                                              of
                                                                     Department
                  I am highly gratefulto Dr. T.C. Narendran, Chairman,
            Zoology, Calicut University,Calicut,for helpingme in the idenfificationof
            grasshoppers
                      related this project.
                             to


                  My sinceretharks are due to Dr. Mohan Madhyastha, Chairman,
        '
            Departmentof Post graduateStudiesin Statistics,University of Mysore,
                                           analysis.
            Mysorefor his helpin statistical


                  With pleasure, acknowledge help rendered Dr. Kiran Kumlr
                               I           the           by
        '                                                    B.E.Sansera
                                 UdupiandMr. T.V. Ramabhadran,
            Acharya,MAHE, Manipal,
            Engineering,
                       Bangalore various
                               at            of
                                        stages work

F
               My thanks are due to Dr. Sreepada and Dr. Ravindra Achari of
         MangaloreUniversity,Dr. N.A. Madhyastha,Udupi and Dr. HareeshJoshi,
         Mangalore.


               I am grateful to the Chairpersons,and all faculty members of the
         Departrnent of    Post Graduate Studies and       Research in    Zoology,
         Manasagangotri,
                       Mysore for providing all facilities to undertakethis research
         work. Special thanks are due to Prof. Sadanand Yamakanamardi, who
         extendedthe facility for photomicrography.


               I am thankfulto the Directorof CollegiateEducation Karnataka
                                                                 in          for
     '   grantingpermissionto carry out research  work and also to the University
         GrantsCommission ganting me specialleaveand financialassistance
                        for                                            to
         pursuemy research
                         work. The research
                                          scholars the Department
                                                  of            have co-
         operated
                with me in carryingout this work andmy sincere
                                                             thanksaredueto all
         of them.My special
                          thanks dueto Mr, T.S. Harsha,Mr. triN. Ganesh,
                               are
         Dr. Ravi Ram,Mr. Lingegowda, B.Ii Chetan Ms. Chayadevi.
                                    Mr.          and


               Finally, I amhighly thankfulto my husband
                                                       Mr. K. Ramesh,M.E. for
         his constant
                    encouragement co-operation
                               and           throughout project.
                                                      this


                                                            {r-"w-J
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                                                           (s.
                                                             sUDHA)         of p
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               v
                CONTENTS

                           PageNo.

      Chapter-1

l.l   Infroduction            I

t.2   Materials Methods
              and            5

1.3   Observations           8

1.4   Discussion             34

1.5   Summary                46

      Chapter-II

2 . 1 Introduction           50

2.2   Materials Methods
              and            56

2.3   Observations           60

2.4   Discussion             84

2.5   Summary               105

2.6   Conclusion            109

      Bibliography          ll0

				
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