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Geog. 3111 Geography of Minnesota


									                      Geog. 3111 Geography of Minnesota

3.00 – 5.00 pm Wednesdays
Hanson Hall 1-103
Rod Squires, 546 Social Science Building
Tel. 612 625 0179
Office hours before class

Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a
   subject ourselves or we know where
   to find information on it

Intelligence is not the ability to store
    information but the ability to find it
To show you how to gather information about Minnesota
              placed on the World Web
                                                   Land O’Lakes

Minnesota Department of Agriculture

                                      United States Department of Agriculture
                               Don’t like my map?

Make your own (United States
Department of Agriculture)

A Portrait of Minnesota Agriculture
(University of Minnesota Extension)

Food for Thought Mapping Curriculum
(Minnesota Department of Agriculture)

Minnesota Agriculture (National
Agricultural Statistics Service)
                                    Other interests

Dairy farming                                  Safe drinking water
Livestock – beef cattle, pigs, turkeys         Waste management
Field crops – corn, soybeans, sugar beet,      Hazardous, non-nuclear, waste disposal
sunflowers                                     Waste water treatment
Paper production                               Hunting, fishing, or snowmobiling
Iron ore mining                                Food processing
Electricity production - nuclear fuels, coal   Public lands - state forests, state parks,
fired plants, alternative fuels or sources     wildlife management areas, or scientific
Gasoline refining and distribution             and natural areas
Natural gas distribution                       Asbestos, lead, mercury, PFCs, arsenic
Transportation – air, road, rail, or water     in Minnesota
                                               Environmental protection – wildlife,
                                               groundwater, invasive species
Minnesota Land Use (Land Management Information Center)
(renamed MnGeo: Minnesota Geospatial Information Office)
Major Uses of the Land 2002 (Economic Research Service)

(million acres)       Crop   Grass-Range   Forest   Special     TOTAL
Federal                          152         246     237       635 (28%)
State-Local             3        40           70      82       195 (~9%)
Native American         2        36           11       7        56 (~2%)
Private               436        358          40     162      1,378 (60%)
              TOTAL   442        587         749     487        2,264
Geography Studies

         How societies organize space and behavior

         How entities with the right to use land
         exercise those rights to produce goods and
         provide services and thus create
Organization of Space

  Jurisdictions (governments)

  Organized spatially

  •   Horizontally
  •   Vertically

  Historical Trend

  Increasing number
  Decreasing size
                              Organization of Space
Real property - land surface, water, air
subsurface, wildlife

Organized spatially
• Horizontally
•   Vertically

Organized temporally

Historical Trend
Increasing number
Decreasing size
                      Organization of Behavior - Law

Level of Jurisdiction (Census Bureau)
• Federal
• State
• Local – county, city, township

Branch of Government
• Minnesota Legislature
• Minnesota Executive State Agencies
• Minnesota Judiciary

Subject Matter
• Minnesota Statutes
• Minnesota Administrative Rules
Complexity - Minnesota is one type of space simultaneously

      contained in other spaces     containing other spaces

       Metropolitan Council
Complexity – Spaces and Behaviors have constantly changed
Public policy

       The Legislative branch of government enacts
       legislation, statutes, acts that
       •define and establish broad social goals
       •outline what behavior modifications are
       needed to achieve those goals
       •delegate authority necessary to change
       •appropriate revenue
       In accordance with the Minnesota Constitution

       The Executive agencies translate legislation
       into rules of behavior
       •Department of Natural Resources
       •Department of Agriculture
       •Pollution Control Agency
       •Public Utilities Commission
The Judicial branch determines whether the legislation or the rules
    accord with the constitution
In the course I view Minnesota as

•   the outcome of numerous debates about the role of government, commonly termed
    public policy or law, prompted by the demands of individuals, corporations, and
    governments - usually about what goods should be produced and what services
    offered and how

•   the response of those same individuals, corporations, and governments to such
    public policy
              Muddling through – disjointed incrementalism

The political and legal entity we know as
Minnesota - comprising landscapes and
people - reflects the result of several
iterations of debate involving the federal,
state, and local governments

Most, if not all, of its geographical
characteristics, both tangible and
intangible, have evolved as we have
"muddled through" 150 years
                       Big Stone II

                Power        Plant Project

                Powere Plant Projectt

Transmission Project
                   Minnesota Public Utilities Commission

The PUC provides oversight of proposals to construct or modify large energy facilities
   in Minnesota, which include electric power plants and transmission lines, wind
   power generation plants, and gas and petroleum facilities

Review of Energy Facilities
Transmission Line Routing
Regulatory process

The Commission’s authority under state statutes and administrative rules gives it power

•   To issue a Certificate of Need
•   To issue a Route Permit
                   Geog. 3111 Geography of Minnesota

3.00 – 5.00 pm Wednesdays
Hanson Hall 1-103
Rod Squires, 546 Social Science Building
Tel. 612 625 0179
Office hours before class
Big Stone Sourcewatch (
Big Stone Factsheet (Sierra Club)
Big Stone loses another investor (Fresh Energy)
Obama EPA blocks Big Stone II (Minnesota Progressive Project)
EPA objects to Power Plant (MPR January 23 2009)
Big Stone Power Plant (
Conservation group appeals Big Stone power plant ruling (MPR August 4, 2009)
Each afternoon will be divided between a lecture and a laboratory period allowing you
   to work on the required projects
                               Powerpoint presentations

My lecture notes, which you may not fully understand without my narrative

Practical way of organizing my thoughts

Convenient method of displaying the information I think is important – taken from a
   variety of sources

A bibliography for the class
You will notice that I concentrate on certain aspects of the geography of Minnesota

I do not, for example, talk about immigration or urban centers

What I talk about represents what topics I find interesting and important about
  Minnesota, topics that are not covered in other geography courses

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