refract: \ri-ˈfrakt\ Function: verb (or verb construction) that requires an object Etymology: Latin refractus, to break Date: 1612 physics alter course of wave of energy: to alter the course of a wave of energy that passes into something from another medium, as water does to light entering it from the air A photographic lens will refract the light that enters it. Quint: \ˈkwint\ Function: noun Date: 1934 1 : a combination of five of a kind 2 : one of five offspring born at one birth Sentence: Did you hear about the singing quintuplets? bazaar Pronunciation: \bə-ˈzär\ Function: noun Etymology: Persian bāzār Date: 1612 1: a market (as in the Middle East) consisting of rows of shops or stalls selling miscellaneous goods 2 a: a place for the sale of goods b: department store 3: a fair for the sale of articles especially for charitable purposes ecology Pronunciation: \i-ˈkä-lə-jē, e-\ Function: noun Etymology: German Date: 1873 • 1: a branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their environments • 2: the totality or pattern of relations between organisms and their environment • Sentence: I want to be an ecology major when I go to college. insidious Pronunciation: \in-ˈsi-dē-əs\ Function: adjective Etymology: Latin insidiosus, from insidiae ambush, from insidēre to sit in, sit on, from in- + sedēre to sit — more at sit Date: 1545 1 a: awaiting a chance to entrap : treacherous b: harmful but enticing : seductive <insidious drugs> 2 a: having a gradual and cumulative effect : subtle <the insidious pressures of modern life> ludicrous Pronunciation: \ˈlü-də-krəs\ Function: adjective Etymology: Latin ludicrus, from ludus play, sport; perhaps akin to Greek loidoros abusive Date: 1712 1 : amusing or laughable through obvious absurdity, incongruity, exaggeration, or eccentricity 2 : meriting derisive laughter or scorn as absurdly inept, false, or foolish synonyms see laughable cardigan Pronunciation: \ˈkär-di-gən\ Function: noun Etymology: James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan died 1868 English soldier Date: 1862 : a usually collarless sweater or jacket that opens the full length of the center front Sentence: I bought my father a cardigan sweater. Rubella : Pronunciation: \rü-ˈbe-lə\ Function: noun Etymology: New Latin, from Latin, feminine of rubellus reddish, from ruber red — more at red Date: 1883 a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester (German measles) Sentence: Rubella is otherwise known as the German measles. sabbatical Pronunciation: \sə-ˈba-ti-kəl\ Function: adjective Etymology: Late Latin sabbaticus, from Greek sabbatikos, from sabbaton Date: 1599 Noun: a leave usually taken every seventh year adjective: of or relating to sabbatical leave (Example: "Sabbatical research project") adjective: of or relating to the Sabbath (Example: "Friday is a sabbatical day for Muslims") interim Pronunciation: \ˈin-tə-rəm\ Function: noun Etymology: Latin, adverb, meanwhile, from inter between — more at inter- Date: circa 1580 an intervening time : interval Tom Cable was named interim coach of the Oakland Raiders.