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Consorcio de Transportes de Madrid

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Consorcio de Transportes de Madrid Powered By Docstoc
					                             MADRID

       A bet on Public Transport
Carlos CRISTÓBAL PINTO
Head of Studies and Planning Department
Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid   1
                                       MADRID REGION
Madrid is one of 17 autonomous regions of Spain, formed up by 179
municipalities, with a big diversity of size and countryside, from flat areas to
high mountains.
  Inhabitants      Number of       Population
                                                 %
     Size         municipalities     2001

    Until 100           8                622     0,01

    101-500            33               8.736    0,16

   501-1,000           19              13.011    0,24

  1,001-5,000          61             156.587    2,89

  5,001-10,000         20             128.669    2,37

 10,001-50,000         23             551.970   10,18

 50,001-100,000         8             591.240   10,90

100.001-200.000         6           1.033.826   19,06

 More 200,001           1           2.938.723   54,19

      Total            179          5.423.384   100,0                              2
                     TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE
 Madrid Region organisation and location of population, activities and socio-
 economic features show a well-defined functional structure:

 Madrid city, as the main municipality of
  the region, concentrates economic
  activities.

 Madrid metropolitan ring, which
  consists of a number of large and
  medium size entities around the
  municipality of Madrid, with strong
  relations with the central city.

 Rest of the region, with small and
  medium size municipalities.                       Madrid city: A

                                                    Metropolitan ring: B1, B2, B3
                                                    Regional ring: C1, C2.
                                                                             3
                          POPULATION, SURFACE AND DENSITY
                                                                1986              2001                     (km2)          (inhab/km2)
Madrid city (Zone A)                                           3,058,182         2,938,723                     606.4             4,846.2
- Central Core                                                 1,028,960           931,787                      42.0            22,185.4
- Rest of the city                                             2,029,222         2,006,936                     564.4             3,555.9
Madrid metropolitan area (Rings B)                             1,537,472         2,182,688                   2,280.7               957.0
Rest of region (Rings C)                                         184,918           301,973                   5,141.4                58,7
Total region                                                   4,780,572         5,423,384                   8,028.5               675.5



         POPULATION (MILLIONS)                            AREA (km2)                      DENSITY (Inhab/km2)
                                            6000                  5141
     4                                      5000
               2,94                         4000                                 6000
     3                                                                                       4846
                       2,18                 3000              2280               5000
     2                                      2000                                 4000
                                                        606
                                            1000                                 3000
     1                          0,3            0                                 2000                957
     0                                                                           1000                        59
                                               Total Re gional Are a 8,028 km2      0
     Total Re gional Population 5,423,384
                  Inhabitants                                                    Me an De nsity of Re gional Population
                                                                                           675.5 inhab/km2




                                                                                                                                    4
     GENERAL MOBILITY BY MODE AND PURPOSE
The total number of trips in the Madrid region during a weekday in 1996 was
10.6 millions.                               MODAL SPLIT OF TOTAL TRIPS IN MADRID


     These trips can be
     distributed almost evenly in
     the three main modes:
     walk, public transport and
     private cars.


           TRIPS BY PURPOSE




                                                And are classified as
                                                follow by purpose.



                                                                                5
              MODAL SPLIT FOR MOTORISED TRIPS
                                     Modal split for motorised trips
        46%                  PT
                       54%           54/46 PT/PC is slightly higher in
                             PC
                                     public transport.


The use of PT for inner movements
                                     34%                PT
within Madrid city are clearly
higher than PC, 66/34.                          66%     PC


                                     For radial trips between the
            PT   48%                 metropolitan ring and the central city
            PC               52%
                                     the distribution is quite equal 52/48,
                                     PT/PC.

Into the metropolitan ring the use             30%
                                                       PT
of the car is predominant, 30/70.
                                                       PC
                                     70%

                                                                         6
                   PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODES
The public transport system in the region of Madrid consists of four
modes:

  •   Two urban modes in the city of Madrid:
                            metro and bus (EMT)




   • Two metropolitan modes in the region:
                    bus and commuter railways (Cercanías)




                                                                       7
SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT (2002)

  MODES                                    SUPPLY                                DEMAND
                                                                   Vehicles-
                Number      Route lenght   Stations /    Fleet -                Passengers
                                                                      km
                of routes      (km)          stops      Vehicles                 (millions)
                                                                   (millions)

    METRO        11+1          178.9         158        1,357       125.7         563.8

   Buses EMT
                  188          3,094        8,999         1,9        96.2         478.4
     Ring A
     Buses
                  368         18,048        14,968      1,618       140.7         277.8
  Rings B + C
  CERCANIAS
                   9           335.7          92         888        101.8         193.7
    RENFE




                                                                                       8
        SITUATION BEFORE CREATION OF CRTM
 From 1970 to 1985 public transport lost about 20% of users, meanwhile
  during the same period Metro network multiplied by two its length.
 The main transport reasons were: no co-ordination of networks between
  different PT modes, no investment on new rolling stock or buses,
  different tickets for each different PT operator, and so on.
                                   But there were other reasons as:
                                   • Social reasons: evolution from 4
                                     trips per day to 2 trips, and
                                     Saturday no-working day.
                                   • Economic reasons: Increase of
                                     income per capita and
                                     motorisation, specially in the first
                                     half of the period
                                   • Location reasons: population
                                     leaves Madrid city to other cities in
                                     the metropolitan ring, increasing
                                                                             9
                                     the use of private car.
               BASIC FUNCTIONS OF A PTA

Administrative Integration
  With the creation of the Consorcio Regional de
  Transportes, as unique public transport authority,
  gathering responsibilities of the Madrid Region and the
  adhered local governments.

Fare Integration
  With the implementation of the Travel Pass, which is
  presently used in more than 65% of public transport
  journeys.

Modal Integration
  Assuming that different transport modes are
  complementary, expanding network and services, both
  railways and buses, being intermodality a key issue.
                                                            10
ADMINISTRATIVE
 INTEGRATION



                 11
CREATION OF CRTM


            • CRTM was created by law
              5/1985, 16th May, of the
              Regional Government of
              Madrid.


            • CRTM is an autonomous
              agency of the Regional
              Government.




                                         12
                      INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK


 MINISTRY OF PUBLIC      MADRID REGIONAL      MUNICIPALITIES THAT ARE
WORKS AND TRANSPORT       GOVERNMENT            MEMBERS OF CRTM




                                             PUBLIC            PRIVATE
           RENFE
                           METRO              BUS                BUS
         (RAILWAY)
                                           COMPANIES          COMPANIES

                                                                        13
                      FUNCTIONS OF CRTM
• Planning of Public Transport Infrastructures.

• Establishment of an integrated Fare System for the whole Public
  Transport Network and the Finance Framework of the System.

• Planning of Transport Services and Definition of Co-ordinate Operating
  Programs for all Transport Modes.

• Creation of an Overall Image of the Public Transport System where
  CRTM holds the external relation with the users.


                       PTA – Operator functions
 Strategic level: only Public Transport Authority (CRTM)
 Tactical level: CRTM very important, Operators less
 Operational level: only Operators
                                                                           14
              EXECUTIVE BODIES OF CRTM
•The Management Board is made up by 20 members:
    • 5 of Madrid Regional Government
    • 5 of Madrid City Council
    • 3 of other City Council Municipalities
    • 2 of the National Government
    • 2 of Enterprises Associations
    • 2 of Labour Force
    • 1 of Consumers Associations
    + 2 Observers without vote rights: CRTM General Manager and
    Management Board Secretary

•Presidency, 2 members:
    • President: Madrid Regional Minister of Transport
    • Vice President : Madrid City Council Transport Councillor

•Executive Committee, 4 members:
    • 2 of Madrid Regional Government
    • 2 of Madrid City Council

                                                                  15
                    RELATIONS OF CRTM
• Relations with National Government: Transport, Environment,

• Relations with Regional Government: Transport, Environment,
  Land Policy, Education, Health, etc.

• Relations with local councils: Transport, Land Policy

• Relations with Operators

• Relations with Labour Force

• Relations with local neighbourhoods associations, users
  associations

• Relations with international associations or delegations
                                                                16
FARE INTEGRATION



                   17
               Types of Multimodal Travel Passes
Abono Transportes is a multimodal travel pass of unlimited use for a
period of time (month or year), in buses, metro and railways of the
region, within a validity zone.
                                              FARE ZONE SYSTEM
There are different types of monthly
passes:
 • Ordinary pass: users between 21
     and 64 years old.
 •   Young pass: valid until June of the
     year when the user is 21 years
     old.
 •   Elderly pass: persons 65 years old
     or older.

Besides these three monthly passes,
there are annual passes for ordinary
and elderly users.
                                                                       18
Multimodal Travel Passes Use by Type and Fare Zone
                                BY PASS TYPE


                       21.1%



         6.1%
                                                       54.4%


                       18.4%


                               BY FARE ZONE

                       21.1%
                                               34.0%

                3.0%




                               41.9%                           19
              Evolution of Travel Pass Selling

More than 1.1 million
persons use monthly the
Travel Pass.




                                      In 2000, 64.5 % of public
                                      transport trips were made
                                      using the Travel Pass.



                                                              20
MODAL INTEGRATION: EXAMPLES
 Metro Extension Plans              HOV lane




                   Interchange points




                                               21
MADRID METRO
EXTENSION PLAN
   1995-1999


                 22
Madrid Metro Extension Plan 1995-1999


                                        • 56.3 new km
                                        • 38 stations
                                        • 9 interchanges




                                                           23
MADRID METRO
EXTENSION PLAN
   1999-2003



                 24
Metro Extension Plan 1999-2003


                                 • 54.6 new km
                                 • 36 stations
                                 • 11 interchanges




                                                     25
Basic Data of MetroSur
                       BASIC DETAILS OF METROSUR

                • Length of MetroSur: 40.5 km.
                • Stations: 28, with 6 interchanges with
                    commuter railway and 1 interchange
                    with metro network.
                •   Overall investment: 1,640 millions
                    euros, including rolling stock.
                •   Execution period: four years, 1999-
                    2003.
                •   Direct access by MetroSur between
                    the five large towns of Alcorcón,
                    Leganés, Getafe, Fuenlabrada and
                    Móstoles.
                •   Access involving one simple transfer
                    between MetroSur and Commuter
                    railway to the middle towns of
                    Aranjuez, Ciempozuelos, Valdemoro,
                    Parla, Pinto and Humanes.



                                                      26
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE N-VI CORRIDOR
N-VI corridor
                 • Population density is the lowest in the
                   region
                 • High car ownership (500 veh/1,000 inh.)
                 • High income level
                 • Valuable environmental background
                 • No space available for further
                   infrastructure
                 • High population growth


                      Year           Inhabitants
                      1975        103,587
                      1986        180,546     74.3%
                      1996        312,456     73.1%
                      2001        416,404     33.3%   27
                           THE SYSTEM
• The BUS-HOV system is a novelty in Europe, providing     both promotion
 of Public Transport in the corridor, as well as a mean to increase car
 occupancy, reaching environmental objectives through infrastructure
 management.

                                            • The BUS-HOV facility is
                                              physically separated by
                                              concrete barriers from the rest
                                              all-purpose lanes.

                                            • It extends from the suburban
                                              village of Las Rozas, some 18
                                              km from the urban core, to the
                                              urban district of Moncloa,
                                              ending at an interchange
                                              station


                                                                            28
GOALS OF THE SCHEME


        •   To increase infrastructure capacity in
            terms of number of travellers
        •   To eliminate congestion for BUS-HOV
            users
        •   To improve level of service for other
            users
        •   To reduce travel time
        •   To increase car occupancy


         The facility operates on a reversible-flow
         basis (inbound in the morning and
         outbound in the evening on working days
         and the opposite on weekends).

                                                29
                  TWO DIFFERENT STRETCHES
The first one extends from Las Rozas to the exit for HOV vehicles in Puerta
del Hierro, where the N-VI connects with the first beltway (M-30) and has
two lanes for buses and HOVs. The length of the HOV facility is 12.3 km.

                                             The accesses to these two
                                             stretches are located at the two
                                             extremes in the starting and final
                                             points, and at 3 embarking points
                                             located in the central part of the
                                             motorway.
The second one, from Puerta del Hierro exit to the metro and bus station of
Moncloa, is a single lane for exclusive use of buses. The length of the only
bus lane is 3.8 km.
                                             A key element in the system
                                             has been the interchange in
                                             Moncloa, located in the city
                                             extreme of the facility.          30
31
EMBARKINGS POINTS




                    32
             PASSENGERS IN THE CORRIDOR
                   (peak period 7-10 h inbound Madrid)

  Date               HOV lane               Conventional lanes      Total

 Month/   Buses       Others    Total    Buses   Others     Total
  Year
11/1991      -          -         -      6,602   21,430    28,032   28,032

11/1995   10,430      12,471    22,901   1,170    11,371   12,541   35,442

11/1998   12,040      13,100    25,140    910    15,792    16,702   41,842

11/2001   14,110      13,059    27,169   2,110   16,353    18,463   45,632




During the morning peak hour, 60% of passengers of N-VI corridor access
to Madrid through the 2 lanes of HOV facility.
                                                                             33
                  Avenida de América Interchange
• The Interchange was built
  underground, in order to create
  an extensive pedestrian area at
  street level. The only elements
  above ground are a domed
  access pavilion to the Interchange
  and some clerestories designed
  to provide it with natural daylight.

• The 480 m long access tunnel
  serves the Interchange providing
  direct entry and exit that can save
  as much as 15 minutes buses
  time in rush hours.

• Private Finance: 25.4 million euro
  by concession to 25 years.                       34
     Avenida de América Interchange - Sections




Level -1: Main concourse leading off      Level -2: Urban and metropolitan
to all other levels, the shopping area    bus station with 19 bays and
and long distance coach station with      connections to the bus entry and
18 bays.                                  exit tunnels.




Level -3: Access concourse to            Level -4: Local residents long-term
Metro, shopping area and public car      park with 396 spaces.
park for 269 short-stay vehicles.
                                                                               35
        PUBLIC TRANSPORT DEMAND EVOLUTION

                                                         1,513.8
         Millions of passengers per year




                               950.5

                      CRTM Creation

•   The addition of all these different measures have had an important
    impact on the mobility of Madrid region.
•   The demand of public transport has increased 60% since the
    Regional Transport Authority creation (1986-2002).
                                                                         36
             Thank you very much for your attention

Carlos CRISTÓBAL-PINTO
Head of Studies and Planning Department
Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid
Plaza Descubridor Diego de Ordás, 3
28003 Madrid (Spain)
Tel: +34 – 91 580 4531
Fax: +34 – 91 580 4634
E-mail: carlos.cristobal@ctm-comadrid.com




                                                      37

				
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