Accessibility - DCA by qingyunliuliu

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 52

									2004 Florida Accessibility Code for Building
Construction
                      The Course:
                      2 hour Advanced Accessibility Training Module
                      Visit our website at: www.floridabuilding.org

 To be approved by the Department of Business and Professional Regulation as
 an advanced code course, a Department of Community Affairs certificate must
 be included with the application.
 accessibility2hr07
   Advanced 2 hour Accessibility training module
     The Outline:

 Accessible Route- 11-3.5 Definition 11-4.1.2, Scoping 11-4.3, Tech. Req.
 Parking- Scoping 11-4.1.2(5), F.S. 553.5041, Table 11- 4.1.2 (5), Tech Req., 11-4.6,
    Fig. 9(a)(b)


 Vertical Accessibility- F.S. 553.509, New 11-4.1.3(5), Alterations 11-4.1.6,
    11-4-10 Elevators


 Toilet Rooms and Toilet Stalls- F.S. 553.504(12), Scoping 11-4.1.2(6),
    New 11-4.1.3(11), Stalls 11-4.17, Toilet Rooms 11-4.22, Toilet Rooms Fig. 28,
    Clear floor Space, Fig. 28, Toilet stalls, Fig. 30, Florida Toilet Stalls, Fig. 30e


                                                                                          2
 Florida Building Code Comparison , 2001, 2004 (current), 2007
                                         2nd Edition 2004
1st Edition 2001                                                                  3rd Edition 2007
                                         Supplements, 2005,2006,2007

      2001 FBCEdition 1                                                                     2007 FBC
                                                    2004 FBC
   Base Documents                                Base Documents                          Base Documents
Effective date October 1,2002                Effective date October 1,2005          Effective Code date October 1,2008

                                                 2003 International
                                                                                              2006 International
     1997 Southern                                 Building Code                                                       Accessibility Chapter 11
                                                                                                Building Code
     Building Code
                                                    2003 International
                                                     Plumbing Code                               2006 International
                                                                                                  Plumbing Code
                                                                                                                         Accessibility Chapter 4
      1997 International                                        2003
       Plumbing Code                                                                                       2006
                                                            International
                                                                                                       International
                                                          Mechanical Code
                                                                                                     Mechanical Code
            1998 International
                                                               2003 International
            Mechanical Code                                                                              2006 International Fuel
                                                                Fuel Gas Code
                                                                                                               Gas Code
                 1998 International Fuel
                       Gas Code                                        2005 National
                                                                       Electrical Code                       2005 National Electrical
                          2002 National Electrical                                                                   Code
                                  Code                                    2004 Florida Fire
                                                                                                                       2006 Florida Fire
                                                                          Prevention Code
                                                                                                                       Prevention Code
                                 2001 Florida Fire
                                 Prevention Code                             2003 International
                                                                                                                            2006 International
                                                                             Residential Code
                                                                                                                            Residential Code

                                                                                   2003 International                 2006 International Existing
       FBC Code comparison_2001,2004,2007_07bk
                                                                                 Existing Building Code                    Building Code

                                                                                                                                              3
     Accessibility Requirements For The

     2004 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE
     BASE MODEL CODE 2003 IBC, FBC 2004 with 05’,06’,& 07’Supplements
     New 2007 FBC (2006 IBC, Effective date Oct. 2008
   Florida Accessibility Document, 1997 Edition, DOJ certified
   Building Volume, Chapter 11, Editorial Changes
   Plumbing Volume, No accessibility changes
   Residential Volume Accessibility referenced to Chapter 11
   Existing Building Volume Accessibility referenced to Chapter 11
   2004 U.S. Access Board Guidelines Not Implemented, Not Law
   Florida Law, Accessibility 553.501-553.513, Rule 9B-7, Florida Building Code,
    553.80


                                                                                    4
   Harmonized Accessibility Code, Standards,
   Guidelines
 FBC Certified Accessibility Code-Chapter 11, Part A
    FBC Plumbing Code -Chapter 4

    ANSI, A-117.1, 1986 Edition, Standards –Detectable Warnings Chap. 11

    Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines-Chapter 11, Part B, Agency, HUD

 ASME A-17.1 Elevators Standards Chapter 30 –Agency, DBPR
 Educational Guidelines for Children, Chapter 4 –Agency, DOE
 Current Federal Guidelines Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines, HUD
 Guidelines/Standards for Public Spaces, Agency, FDOT
 UFAS - Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards
 2004 U.S. Access Board Guidelines, NOT LAW


                                                                             5
Equivalent Facilitation
Section 11-2-2


    Departure from the explicit technical and scoping requirements of
    this code for any element voids any otherwise applicable
    presumption of rebuttable evidence that the element has been
    constructed or altered in accordance with the minimum
    accessibility requirements of the ADA


 Departures from particular technical and scoping requirements of
 the Code that will provide substantially equivalent or greater access
 to and usability of the facility

                                                                         6
      Accessible Route
      Section 11-4.3
 At least one accessible route within the boundary of the site shall be provided from public
  transportation stops, accessible parking, and accessible passenger loading zones, public
  streets or sidewalks.
 Width – General, 36” min. unless at doors 32”, at curb ramps, 44” min.
 Passing Space- If Access route is less than 60”, then 60”x60” at reasonable intervals not to
  exceed (nte) 200’.
 Headroom- General, 80”
 Surface Textures – General, Stable ,firm, slip-resistant
 Slope- General 1:20, > 1;20 considered a ramp at 1:12
 Changes in Level- , up to ¼”w/o edge treatment, ¼” to ½” bevel with slope nte 1:2,>½” means
  of ramp,>3/4” Florida vertical access applies
 Doors- Min. clear opening of 32” with the door open 90 degrees
 Areas of Rescue Assistance-Exception, facilities having a supervised automatic sprinkler
  system


                                                                                             7
Entrances
Section 11-4.14


   Entrances/Accessible Route: These elements shall be connected to
    public transportation stops, accessible parking, passenger loading
    zones, public streets or sidewalks.

   Minimum number: At Least 50% of all public entrances must be
    accessible. At least one must be a ground floor entrance.

   Signage: Entrances which are not accessible shall have directional
    signage to the location of the nearest accessible entrance


                                                                         8
    Ground & Floor Surfaces
    Section 11-4.5

 Changes in Level
 Changes up to ¼ “ may be vertical and without edge treatment



       Figure 7c




                                                                 9
      Parking
      Section 11-4.6


   Required Parking Spaces 11-4.1.2 (5)
   Parking Location/Design 11-4.6.2
   Access Aisle 11-4.6.3
   Curb Ramps 11-4.7
   Accessible Route 11-4.3
   Passenger Loading Zones 11-4.6.6
   Signage 11-4.6.4


                                           10
      Accessible Parking Spaces
      Section 11-4.1.2(5)
Required minimum number
      1 to 25     =1
      26 to 50    =2
      51 to 75    =3
      76 to 100 = 4

      101 to 150 = 5

      151 to 200 = 6

      201 to 300 = 7

      301 to 400 = 8

      401 to 500 = 9

      501 to 1000 –2% of total

      1001 and over, 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000


                                                         11
     Accessible Route to Parking
     Section 11-4.3

 Exterior accessible routes include parking access aisles, curb ramps.

 Location: Accessible parking spaces serving a particular building shall be
  located on the “shortest safely” (Statutory) accessible route

 All spaces must be located on an accessible route no less than 44” wide. See
  figure 9(A) and 9(B)




                                                                               12
Parking Spaces/ Access Aisle
Section 11-4.6 and related figures

  Figure 9(a)                        Figure 9(b)




                                                   13
              i




Non Compliant Parking Area
                             14
Non compliant ramp & parking space


                                     15
No curb cut at access Aisle




                              16
Compliant Parking Area
                         17
     Curb Ramps at Parking
     Section 11-4.7

 Curb ramps shall be provided wherever an accessible route crosses a curb.
 Curb ramps must be located outside of disabled parking spaces and access
  aisles
 Handrails are not required

 EXCEPTION: Curb ramps that are a part of a required means of egress shall
  be not less than 44” wide
 Maximum slope of flared sides shall be 1:12




                                                                          18
     Vertical Accessibility
     553.509 F.S.
   All Levels Above and Below Occupiable Grade, Florida Law
   Elevators (includes Limited Use, Limited Access (LULAS)
   Platform Lifts
   Code compliance or apply for waiver to Fl. specific issues.
   Exceptions to compliance
      Lube Pits

      Mechanical Rooms

      Projection Booths

      Certain Storage

      Unoccupiable Spaces

      Non-Public & Occupiable with 5 persons or less

                                                                  19
      Platform Lifts
      Section 11-4.11

 If platform lifts are used, they shall comply with the following: controls and
  operating mechanisms shall be operable with one hand and shall not require
  tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist

 If platform lifts are used then they shall facilitate unassisted entry,
  operation, and exit from the lift

 Platform lifts to comply with, 11-4.2.4 –Wheelchair turning space, 11-4.5-
  Ground and floor requirements, 11-4.27-Controls and operating mechanisms,
  and ASME A17.1 Safety Code for elevators and Escalators, Section XX 1990

                                                                               20
     Disproportionate Cost
     Section 11-4.1.6 (2)

 Applies to Existing Buildings only
 Not to exceed 20% of the Cost of Alteration to the primary function area
 Priorities:
    Accessible Entrance

    Accessible Path of Travel

    Minimum of One Accessible Toilet Room for Each Sex

    Accessible Unisex Toilet Room shall be provided in accordance with the
      Plumbing Code, see Chapter 4, Table 403.1
    Accessible Public Telephones

    Accessible Public Drinking Fountains



                                                                              21
       Ramps
       Section 11-4.8

                                        Figure 17
   Handrails – 34” to 38” shall
    extend 18” at top and bottom.
   Any part of an accessible route
    with a slope greater than 1:20
    shall be considered a ramp
   Landings: Not less than 60” clear




                                                    22
Section 11-4.8 Ramps




             Compliant

   Level


           Ramp - Handrails
                              23
         Ramp Handrails
Non compliant – no extension




                               24
Ramp Handrails
    Non compliant




                    25
                    Ramp Handrails




Non compliant
Handrails. Rails
Do not extend 18”
beyond ramp.
                                     26
Compliant Handrail

                     27
    Ramps
    Section 11-4.8

 The maximum slope of a ramp in new construction shall be 1:12



 Figure 16




                                                                  28
     Toilet Stalls – Toilet Rooms
     Section 11-4.17 – 11-4.22

 The 2004 FBC Building Code, Chapter 11
 Toilet Stalls
    Specific Criteria

 Toilet Rooms
    Specific Criteria

 Protruding Objects
 Reach range
 Additional related technical requirements for these Sections
 The 2004 FBC Plumbing Code, Chapter 4
                                                                 29
    Toilet Stalls
    Section 11-4.17


 The “Florida accessible stall”: New construction shall contain a
  lavatory that complies with the Code. The lavatory shall be
  mounted so as not to overlap the clear floor space areas
  required.

 Doors: Shall not swing into the clear floor space of any fixture.


                                                                      30
    Toilet Stalls
    Section 11-4.17


Figure 30e
Adopted by Rule
9B-7




                      31
      Toilet Stalls – Grab Bars
      Section 11-4.17.6

Figure 30(c)               Figure 30(d)
Rear wall of Standard      Side Walls
Stall




                                          32
     Toilet Stalls
     Section 11-4.17


Figure 30b
Alternate Stall




                       33
     Water Closets
     Section 11-4.16

 Water closet design, not in stalls. See Section on Toilet Rooms




  Figure 28




                                                                    34
    Water Closets
    Section 11-4.16

 Flush valve is on wide side of the accessible water closet
 Grab bars required



   Figure 29a




                                                               35
  Water Closets
  Section 11-4.16

Height of accessible water closets shall be 17” to 19”
measured to the top of the toilet seat.


 Figure 29(b)




                                                         36
Toilet Room
11-4.22




              37
Toilet Room
11-4.22




              38
Toilet Room
11-4.22




              39
Urinal   11-4.18




                   NTE 44”




                             Floor to rim 17” Max.




                                                     40
  Space Allowance and Reach Ranges
  Section 11-4.2

 Minimum clear width for wheelchair passage -32”at a
  point, 36” continuously.

 Minimum for two wheelchair passage 60”

 Forward reach maximum 48”high, 15” low. See figure 5(b)

 Side Reach- Shall be 54”, and low side reach shall be no
  less than 9”. See figure 6(c).

                                                             41
    Space Allowance and Reach Ranges
    Section 11-4.2


   Side Reach maximum


    Figure 6(b)




                                       42
  Space Allowance and Reach Ranges
  Section 11-4.2

 Front reach maximum
  Figure 5(a)




                                     43
  Handrails, Grab Bars
  Section 11-4.26

Figure 39a          Figure 39b   Figure 39c




                                              44
 Lavatories & Mirrors
 Section 11-4.19


 Lavatories shall be mounted with the rim or counter surface no
  higher than 34”above the finished floor Provide a clearance of
  at least 29”above the finished floor to the bottom of the apron.
  See Figure 31

 Clear floor space- 30” by 48”shall be provided in front of
  lavatory

                                                                45
Lavatories & Mirrors
Section 11-4.19


Figure 31




                       46
          Toilet Stall   11-4.17




18” from wall to centerline of WC; Minimum 42” from
centerline of WC to edge of lavatory




                                               47
Lavatories & Mirrors
Section 11-4.19

Hot water and drain pipes under
lavatories shall be insulated or
otherwise configured to protect
against contact




                                   48
    Lavatories, Mirrors & Controls
    Section 11-4.19, Section 11-4.27


   Mirrors – bottom edge of
    reflective surface no higher than
    40 “

   Faucets shall comply with the
    Code and shall require no more
    than 5 lb.ft. to operate


                                        49
        Section 11-4.24 Sinks




Sink Pipes Wrapped/ Insulated



                                50
Vanity




         51
End of Module




                52

								
To top