Use and Abuse of Language in Transport by chenmeixiu


									Use and Abuse of Language
       in Transport

               Ian Ker
       Principal Planner/Economist
        ARRB Transport Research
You never really learn to swear until
        you learn to drive
You never really learn to swear until
        you learn to drive
                Road-rage hits elephant in Sri Lanka
                Monday July 2, 3:53 PM (AFP) Road-rage hits
                elephant in Sri Lanka.
                A Sri Lankan elephant experienced a fit of road-
                rage, pushing aside a bus after the driver rudely
                obstructed its way. The elephant was ambling along
                a main highway in the central town of Eheliyagoda
                recently when a private bus overtook it and came to
                an abrupt halt in the path of the pachyderm, the
                Lankadeepa newspaper reported. As several
                trumpet calls failed to get the obstructing bus out
                of the way, the tusker pushed the offending vehicle
                and smashed its windows before continuing its
                Police did not press charges.
More Language Cyclists Dislike
    Nanny State? Or Aunt Sally?
A government perceived as having excessive interest in
or control over the welfare of its citizens, especially in
the enforcement of extensive public health and safety
                           The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language
      Working with the Market
 Clearer perception of costs, benefits and impacts
        Working with the Market
 Clearer perception of costs, benefits and impacts
 Removing ‘barriers to entry’
       ‘try before you buy’
       choose what works for you
       no need for long term commitment
       information
       opportunity
  Automobility is Bad language
auto - self, own, of or by oneself
mobile - shifting position readily; not fixed

automobile - shifting position readily by
     Automobility and Academia
 More than metal and (e)motion      Where do they go to die?
 Inevitability of the automobile    Moving away from cars
 Oil makes the wheels go ‘round     Where are we now?
 The auto as liberation             Calming traffic
 Centrifugal spin
 Trapped behind the wheel
 Cultural icons and rites of         University of California at Berkeley
                                               ‘Automobility 121’
  passage                                        Syllabus 2003
 Foul play
 Blowing smoke
Regulation is in the Eye of the Beholder
                     A Level Playing Field?
Mass car ownership offered us a control over time and space which no
previous generation has ever had, and we took it up willingly and
enthusiastically. But it has got out of hand. It has now started to
defeat its own advantages: There is much talk of a 'level playing field'
- but playing fields are never level, which is why we change ends at
half time. It's now half time - literally: we are probably about half
way to the levels of traffic that would eventually apply if trends
continue unchecked, and that just won't do. So we need to find a
better way, or better ways.
                                                      Phil Goodwyn (1997), Solving Congestion
                                           Inaugural Lecture as Professor of Transport Policy
                                                                   University College, London
Transport Infrastructure Funding:
    A Level Playing Field?
 Roads                                Public Transport
   Large continuing investment           Large continuing investment
    needed                                 needed
   Mainly from current user              Mainly debt funded
    revenues                              No dedicated funding sources
   Hypothecated funding sources          Users do not meet
   Users apparently meet                  expenditure…
    expenditure…                          …but expenditure greater than
   …but expenditure less than cost        cost:
    in cities:                                 Few externalities
       Externalities                          Improving asset
       Deteriorating asset
             Some Consequences
 Roads in cities are underpriced:
     relative to public transport
     in absolute terms
     ‘hidden’ deficit
 Roads are not subject to financial analysis
 Public transport is ‘deficit-funded’
     20% ($40 million) of cost
     25% of ‘deficit’
      is interest on debt
 Bicycles fight for whatever they can get
                   Pattern Language
Fundamental to any science or engineering discipline is a common vocabulary for
expressing its concepts, and a language for relating them together. The goal of
patterns within the software community is to create a body of literature to
help software developers resolve recurring problems encountered throughout
all of software development. Patterns help create a shared language for
communicating insight and experience about these problems and their solutions.
Formally codifying these solutions and their relationships lets us successfully
capture the body of knowledge which defines our understanding of good
architectures that meet the needs of their users. Forming a common pattern
language for conveying the structures and mechanisms of our architectures
allows us to intelligibly reason about them. The primary focus is not so much on
technology as it is on creating a culture to document and support sound
engineering architecture and design.

No Pattern Language
                 The Building of
                 the Tower of
                 Pieter Bruegel,

                 Oil on oak panel,
                 Museum, Vienna
  Making Travel Behaviour Change
 Funding Travel Behaviour Change Programs
 Government ‘walking the talk’
    Getting the economic signals right
          Transport pricing
          Taxation
      Coherent supportive context
      Leadership by example
      Developing tools for employers
      Sharing information
      Supporting workplace travel plan development and implementation
             Rhetoric to Reality:
            What Inhibits Change?
Planning as a substitute for action
‘Expert servants’
Structural and institutional inertia
The best as enemy of the better
Not really believing it yourself
  Never hire an architect who claims “I’m an architect - not a change
  management consultant”.
                                     Vivian Loftness, Professor of Architecture
                      Local Politics
 Misunderstanding
    Why should local government be marketing public transport for
     State Government?
 Misperception
    We’re already ‘better’ than other places
 Misinformation
    It isn’t all it’s cracked up to be
Not ‘Just’ Physical Activity & Health

Cognitive Development
Physical Fitness
Sense of Community
Sense of Place
Not ‘Just’ Physical Activity & Health

Cognitive Development
Physical Fitness
Sense of Community
Sense of Place
Achieving and Perfecting

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