Literature the Application of Transformation in Daily Life

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					                             JOHANNINE LITERATURE
                                European Nazarene College

Dates: 16 March-12 May 2009
Class Sessions: 13-21 April 2009
Location: Tirana, Albania
Course Number: BIB 44
Credit: 5 ECTS
Lecturer: Dean Flemming, Ph.D.
Phone: 049 7734 80940

Course Description
This course is an inductive study of the Gospel of John and the book of Revelation. It will give
attention to the historical and cultural context, literary structure, and theological message of these
writings, including the distinctive features of the Johannine literature. A major part of the course
will focus on exegeting and applying selected passages of the Gospel of John. The final part of the
course will be an overview of the message and interpretation of Revelation. This class will provide
opportunities for students develop skills in exegesis and exposition, which are necessary for
effective Bible study, preaching and ministry. These books are studied in the framework of their
significance for the community of faith.

Place in the Curriculum
This class builds on the student’s introductory study of the New Testament and Biblical

Intended Educational Outcomes
50% Content          Knowledge of the Johannine Writings

                        CN1: Bible. The students will know the content and theology of the Old and
                        New Testaments, its historical backgrounds and the various kinds of
                        literature, as well as key issues of hermeneutics.

25% Competency          Ability to Interpret the Johannine Writings

                       CP1: Interpretation. Students will be able to interpret Scripture in
                       exegetically and theologically sound ways and be able to apply it.

10% Character           Spiritual Transformation

                        CH1: Integration. The students will be able to apply the knowledge they
                        have received to their personal lives

                        CH2: Transformation. The students will have grown in their pursuit of living
                        a holy life in all its various dimensions of daily life and personhood.

15% Context             Application and Contextualization of the Johannine Writings

                        CT1 : Relevance. The students will be able to communicate the Gospel in
                        relevant ways to the people in a certain context, using sound
                        hermeneutical principles.

Course Objectives
In order to reach the above stated intended educational outcomes, by the end of the course the
students will be able to...
    1. Explain the key literary characteristics of the NT Gospel and apocalyptic literature (CN 1).
    2. Discuss the key features of the Gospel of John and Revelation, including major critical
       issues, historical and cultural background, purpose, literary structure, and the main
       theological themes (CN 1).
    3. Evaluate various approaches to interpreting the Book of Revelation and relate the message
       of this book to the contemporary church (CP1, CT1).
    4. Apply the process of careful exegesis and exposition to the Gospel of John, with a goal of
       communicating its message to people today (CP1, CT1).
    5. Lead an inductive Bible study on a passage from the Johannine writings (CP1).
    6. Discern the importance of these writings for spiritual formation and experience personal
       growth in attitudes, perspectives and character through personal encounter with the
       scriptural text (CH1).

Course Requirements
         Faithful class attendance is expected and essential to benefit from this course. Much
         of your learning will depend on your participation in class assignments, activities and
         discussions. Students are expected to come to class on time and prepared. Please
         bring your Bible and your textbooks to class! See the absence policy below regarding
         the missing of classes. (CO 1-6)

           BOOK IN ONE SITTING before the class meets in a contemporary translation
           (paraphrases should not be used). Reading should be done according to the class
           schedule. Report on reading (percentage of reading only) on the first day of class (CO
           2, 6)

           should inform the class discussion. Class questions and discussions will necessitate
           your being prepared for class and having read the assigned material.

           Keep a record of your reading on the reading report in the syllabus. Please turn in
           the reading report (percentage of assigned reading completed only) on the first day of
           class. Assignments that are read, but not on time, will receive 70% credit. (CO 1-5)

           Record questions, insights, or applications, which are prompted by your reading of
           either the assigned Scripture passages or textbook. For each entry listed on the course
           calendar, write down at least 1 question or insight and 1 personal application. See
           the course calendar for the number of required entries per week. You should make
           follow the following format:

Date:   17 March

               Questions and Insights:

               Personal Application:

               This assignment will be collected on the first and the last days of class.

        NOTE: The textbooks have been chosen not only to provide help for study and exegesis of
        the Johannine writings, but also to serve as a tool for future Bible study and preaching. In
        particular, a commentary does not function in the same way as some other texts. You will
        not be required to memorize the specific interpretations of the author for individual
        passages. Largely, your commentary reading should supplement your personal inductive
        study of the text and provide background for class discussions. In class we will not be
      discussing your textbooks as such, but they should help to inform the discussion of
      individual passages.

         below for the instructions. (CO 4)

      5. DO TWO LECTIO DIVINA ASSIGNMENTS as assigned in the course calendar. This
         is explained later in the syllabus (CO 6).

      6. WRITE A NARRATIVE ANALYSIS of a narrative passage in the Gospel of John. See
         below for instructions. (CO 1, 2, 4)

         JOHANNINE WRITINGS. Following the leading of the study, the student will submit a
         written evaluation and reflection on the experience (approximately 1000 words). The
         evaluation will include:
             1) names of the Bible study members.
             2) an outline of the key points and questions in the presentation;
             3) an honest evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the Bible study, in
                 light of the inductive Bible study method taught in class. You should deal with
                 both the content of the study and the way you conducted it.

             Details of the assignment will be given separately (CO 7).

      8. WRITE AN ESSAY ON THE BOOK OF REVELATION. Each student will write an
         essay of approximately 800-1000 words on the topic: The place of the book of
         Revelation in the life and preaching ministry of the church in the twenty-first century.
         This essay should be informed by the students’ critical reflection on both their
         understanding of the message of Revelation and their own church and ministry context,
         including misunderstandings of Revelation by people in that context. The paper should
         be informed by the understandings of Revelation students have gained from their
         interaction with the text, and from reading and class discussions. Students will discuss
         their essays and reflections on the subject in the final class of the semester, in place of
         a final exam. Due at class time (CO 5, 6).

      9. TAKE ONE EXAM on the Gospel of John as scheduled in the course calendar. The
         exam will primarily consist of short answer and essay questions. (CO 1-4)

Grade Distribution and Study Hours

    Requirements         Percentage       Study Hours
                         of final grade
    Class Hours                --             32
    Reading                 20                35
    Lectio Divina             10              6
    Exegesis Paper           20              17
    Narrative Analysis        5               3
    Bible Study              20              15
    Essay                    10              12
    Exam                     15              12
                         100%             132 hours of study

Holy Bible
Milne, Bruce. The Message of John. (The Bible Speaks Today Series). Besëlidhja, Tiranë, 2006.
Wilcock, Michael. The Message of Revelation. (The Bible Speaks Today Series). Besëlidhja,
       Tiranë, 1999.

The Textbooks
In this exegetical course, the textbooks have been chosen not only to provide help for exegesis of
the Johannine writings, but also to serve as a tool for future exegesis and preaching. In particular,
a commentary does not function in the same way as some other texts. You will not be required to
memorize the specific interpretations of the commentary author for individual passages. Overall,
your commentary reading should supplement your personal inductive study of the text and provide
background for class discussions. In class we will not be discussing your textbooks as such, but
they should inform the discussion of individual passages. In Milne’s book on the Gospel of John,
you are asked to carefully read the material for the Introduction, chapters 1, 2, 4, 11, 13-16, 21 for
class discussion. Sections that are not discussed in class do not require as close a reading. The
texts for this class should be resources that you keep for future study and ministry.

Course Calendar

 DATE         SESSION                                 READING/ASSIGNMENTS
 16-21 Mar    Reading and Preparation                 Read the Gospel of John, chapters 1-21 in one
                                                      Read Milne 13-108
                                                      Write Insights and Applications (3 entries)
 23-27 Mar    Reading and Preparation                 Read Milne 108-221
                                                      Write Insights and Applications (3 entries)
                                                      Do a Lectio Divina assignment on John 15:1-8
 30 Mar-3     Reading and Preparation                 Read Milne 222-301
 April                                                Write Insights and Applications (3 entries)
                                                      Do a Narrative Analysis of John 4:3-42
 6-11 April   Reading and Preparation                 Read the Book of Revelation 1-22 in one sitting
                                                      Read Wilcock 11-177
                                                      Write Insights and Applications (2 entries)
                                                      Do a Lectio Divina assignment on Rev 2:1-7
 13 April     Introduction to the course and to the   Lectio Divina Assignment # 1 and # 2 due
              Gospel of John                          Insights and Applications due
              Exegetical Study of John                Scripture and Text Reading Report Due
                                                      Report choice of passage for exegetical study
                                                      Narrative Analysis Due
 14 April     Exegetical Study of John                Inductive Observation Sheet Due
 15 April     Exegetical Study of John                Work on Exegetical Study
 16 April     No Class                                Work on Exegetical Study
 17 April     Exegetical Study of John                Exegetical Study Due
 18 April     Exegetical Study of John                Exam on the Gospel of John
              Book of Revelation
 20 April     Book of Revelation                      Work on Revelation Essay
 21 April     Revelation and the Church               Revelation Essay Due (class time)
 To Be        Inductive Bible Study                   Inductive Bible Study Evaluation Due

NOTE : The lecturer reserves the right to make changes in the course calendar and due dates, if

Absence Policy
Absence of more than 3 class sessions (of one hour) will normally mean a reduction of your grade
(exceptions will only be considered in extreme circumstances, e.g., serious, extended illness,
hospitalization), at the discretion of the lecturer. Absence of more than 25% of class sessions will
normally mean failure of the class.

Late Policy
People in ministry are continually facing deadlines. Consequently, reading reports or papers that
are not turned in at the time will receive a reduced grade. Penalty for late work is: 5% reduction
for each day beyond the due date, with a maximum reduction of 20% of the grade. Papers are
due at class time on the date listed in the course calendar.

Academic Honesty
At a Christian college we expect the highest standards of academic integrity. Any instance of
cheating on an exam or clear plagiarism (using someone else’s words, as your own without giving
credit to the original source), fabrication, or other forms of academic dishonesty (such as working
in groups when individual work is required) will normally result in a minimum penalty of a failing
grade on that assignment. Any repetition of academic dishonesty may result in a failure of the
course. Any quotations must be properly documented with quotation marks, source and page
number. For example, (Morris 1969, 423). If you have any questions about what constitutes
plagiarism, please ask the instructor. We operate on the honor system that all work turned in is
your own and all reading assignments are completed as reported. You are responsible for
honesty in your behavior.

Additional Information

Note: If you have questions or need help with anything related to the class, I want to be available
to you. Please feel free to talk with me outside of class.

       Grading: Grades will be computed as follows:

       A              = 93-100%               Exceptional Quality Work
       A-             = 90-92
       B+             = 87-89
       B              = 83-86                 Good Quality Work
       B-             = 80-82
       C+             = 77-79
       C              = 73-76                 Meets Basic Requirements
       C-             = 70-72
       D+             = 67-69
       D              = 63-66                 Passable, but serious deficiencies in key areas
       D-             = 60-62
       F              = below 60              Failing; unsatisfactory work.

Instructions for Exegetical Papers
Each student will write an exegesis paper of approximately 1000-1200 words (excluding the
bibliography and exposition/application), carefully following the instructions below. Papers should
reflect your own work and be written primarily in your own words. Turning in a paper that largely
consists of quotations from other sources is not acceptable.
Select one of the passages listed below and write an exegesis paper with the following structure:
      Briefly state the passage and the purpose and plan of your paper. State its literary genre.
       Is it a specific form of literature or sub-genre (narrative, discourse, dialogue, etc.) within a
       larger literary genre.
      Discuss the Literary Context of the passage. This deals with how the passage fits into the
       flow of thought (the “big story”) in the Gospel. You will address two main issues. First,
       how does your passage fit into the overall structure and theme of the Gospel as a whole?
       In what section of the book is it found?
       Second, how does this passage relate to the verses that come immediately before and
       after it in the Gospel?

This is the main body of the paper, where you discuss in detail the meaning of the passage in its
original context. You should discuss the following issues, not one at a time or in separate
sections, but integrated together into your verse by verse analysis of the passage:
      Textual Issues and translation comparison. Compare at least 3 different translations of
       the passage (Albanian or other languages) and note the important differences in translation
       and how they affect the meaning of the passage. Only discuss differences in translation that
       significantly affect the meaning of the text. Later, when you research the passage in
       commentaries, try to find out if the differences are due to different versions of the original
       Greek text. One of the best online resources for comparing translations (various languages)

      Specific historical/cultural background. Address any important historical and cultural
       background questions that come out of your specific passage. For example, if you were
       studying John 7:37-39, one question you would want to answer is, What is “the Feast”
       mentioned in v. 37? You would need to find out which Jewish feast this was and what
       significance it had for the occasion and Jesus' announcement there. Would the fact that
       Jesus spoke on the “last and greatest day” of the Feast have had any significance for
       Jesus' original audience? Always begin by asking questions that emerge from your careful
       reading and study of the text itself in its immediate context. You are looking for
       background issues that shed light on the meaning of the passage (resources: Bible
       dictionaries & encyclopaedias, commentaries, books on history and culture).

      Literary features. What literary techniques or images does John use to communicate to
       his readers? Are there any narrative features (setting, plot, characters, dialogue, etc.) that
       appear in the passage? Does the text use any pictures or metaphors? Work with and
       compare several different translations (resources: closely observing the text,

      Grammar and structure. Discuss any important points of grammar (e.g., verb tenses,
       order of words, connecting words like and, but, therefore, function of clauses [e.g.,
       purpose, condition, reason] in the sentence). Discuss your observations about the flow of
       thought (the structure of what is said and in what pattern or order) within your passage.
       What is the logical progression of thought? (resources: use a literal translation)

      Key words. Discuss the key words and phrases in the passage. Isolate the key words and
       give their background, possible meanings, how they are used elsewhere in the gospel,
       alternate translations, and other information that will help to communicate their meaning in
       the specific context (resources: commentaries, Bible dictionaries, theological dictionaries,
       word study books)

      Theological Message. What are the key theological affirmations of the passage? What
       does it tell us about God, Jesus Christ, humanity, salvation, and so forth? How does this
       message fit into the wider theological purpose of the Fourth Gospel or the letter?

       Include only those issues that are significant for the meaning of the passage

The goal of exegesis is not simply an understanding of what the text meant in its original
Setting. It is the preaching, application, and the embodiment of the text by faithful hearers.
Therefore, you will conclude your paper with a section of personal application and exposition. This
        will involve 2 parts:
      Application. Briefly discuss why this text is important to you as the reader. Consider the
       following questions:
               1. What issues in your life are similar to the issue of the text?
               2. Why do you care about this text?
               3. What sounds like good news to you?
               4. Is there any part of the text you find yourself resisting or that you want to avoid?
      Exposition. If you were going to preach from this text, what would be your main idea or
       theme of the message? State it in one sentence. What would be the purpose of the
       sermon (what do you envision the message will do for the audience)? Who would be your
       primary audience (e.g., Sunday morning congregation, youth, non-Christians?

Minimum 4 sources from the sources that are available to you. Use the following form:
Carson, Donald A. The Gospel According to John. Pillar New Testament Commentaries. Grand
Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.
Choose one of the following passages for your paper:
   John 10:14-17              John 17:16-19
   John 10:27-30              John 17:20-23
   John 12:23-26
   John 15:13-16
Key Points to follow in doing your exegesis:
1. Read and re-read the Scripture passage in several translations before you begin working on
your paper. Immerse yourself in the text. Give it prayerful consideration and meditate on it. Let the
text read you.
2. Approach the passage inductively. Print or write out your passage on a sheet (or sheets) of
    paper. Use a more literal translation. Make initial observations about the passage and write
    them down. Notice the details. Make observations about contrasts, comparisons, repetitions,
    connecting words, figures of speech, etc. Listen carefully to the text. Write down any questions
    that the text raises in your mind, then look for answers in the immediate and broader context of
    your passage and in your study of the text. Try to find tentative answers to your exegetical
    questions. See the sample Observation Sheet below.

You will include a page containing your initial inductive observations and questions about the
passage before the final paper, as listed on the class calendar.
3. Only after you have observed all that you can through inductive study, begin to consult
commentaries and other secondary sources. Always go to the text itself first. Use commentaries
to clarify, supplement and re-evaluate your findings.
4. Be aware of the difference between primary and secondary sources. Support your findings from
the text itself. Simply quoting a secondary source is not enough. If there is a controversial
exegetical question, determine the solution that can be best supported by the text of Scripture.
5. Document your sources carefully and consistently. Quotations (even a few words) must be
identified by quotation marks and footnotes or endnotes. Primarily state your conclusions in your
own words.

Papers will be evaluated on the following basis:
   1) Style: Satisfactory and consistent form, following correct academic style. You should
      include reference notes within the text, e.g., (Dunn 2001, 423). Any content footnotes
      should come at the bottom of the page. Secondary sources must be properly cited and
      quotations must be identified with quotation marks and page references. Borrowed ideas
   that are not general knowledge must also be footnoted. Neatness, clarity of thought, good
   organization. Ability to communicate your ideas well. (15%)

2) Language usage: spelling, grammar (10%)

3) Analysis: awareness, understanding and clarification of the central exegetical and
   theological issues in the passage. Has the student done inductive study of the text, and is
   this evidenced in the paper? Clear exegesis. Thoughtful application and relevance to the
   reader. Ability to decide between what is essential to the paper and what is non-essential.

4) Research: Evidence of investigation of relevant issues in both primary and secondary
   sources (15%)

5) Evaluation: Thoughtful reaction to and use of sources consulted, critical evaluation of their
   significance and use of personal study and research. (15%)

6) Synthesis. Adequate introduction, coherent, integrated body. Exposition and application
   conclusion and summary of findings. (15%)

Name ____________________________

Make as many observations as you can from 1 John 1:5-7. Write in the text and in
the margins. Observe! Dig deep! Read and reread. Look again. Think hard!

      5This is the message we have heard from Him

      and announce to you, that God is Light,

      and in Him there is no darkness at all.

      6If we say that we have fellowship with Him

      and yet walk in the darkness,

      we lie and do not practice the truth;

      7but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light,

      we have fellowship with one another,

      and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.
Student Name _______________________                         Date ________________

Johannine Lit Exegetical Paper
Grading Rubric

Criteria        Exceeds standard      Meets standard         Below standard         Points
Style          Shows essentially      Shows mostly           Shows incorrect
               correct format and     correct format and     format and
               excellent              adequate               inadequate
               communication of       communication of       communication of
               ideas                  ideas                  ideas
Total points   13-15                  10-12                  6-9
Analysis       Excellent              Average                Reflects inadequate
               understanding and      understanding and      understanding and
               analysis of key        analysis of the        analysis of the
               exegetical and         issues                 issues
               theological issues
Total points   27-30                  20-26                  10-19
Evaluation     Shows excellent use    Shows average use      Shows inadequate
               and evaluation of      and evaluation of      evaluation and use
               sources                sources                of sources
Total points   13-15                  10-12                  6-9
Research       Shows excellent        Shows average          Shows inadequate
               research of            research of            research of
               secondary sources      secondary sources      secondary sources
               and inductive          and inductive          and inductive
               analysis of the text   analysis of the text   analysis of the text
Total points   13-15                  10-12                  6-9
Synthesis      Shows excellent        Shows average          Shows inadequate
               synthesis of the       synthesis of the       synthesis of the
               main elements of the   main elements of       main elements of
               paper                  the paper              the paper
Total points   13-15                  10-12                  6-9
Grammar        Paper has very few     Paper has more than    Paper has numerous
and            grammar and            a few grammar and      grammar and
Spelling       spelling mistakes      spelling mistakes      spelling mistakes
Total points   9-10                   6-8                    3-5
Late           -5 per day up to 20%
Cumulative     100 points possible

Additional Comments:
                   Reading Report: Johannine Literature

Name ____________________

Date                 Reading       % Read on Time   % Read Late
16-21 March      John 1-21
                 Milne 13-108

23-28 Mar        Milne 108-221

30 Mar—3 April   Milne 222-301

6-11 April       Revelation 1-22
                 Wilcock 11-177
                                     LECTIO DIVINA #1
                                  JOHANNINE LITERATURE

This is an exercise in formational reading of Scripture. It follows a practice of Lectio Divina
(spiritual reading) that is deeply rooted in the history of the church. The purpose is not to gain
information, but to experience transformation. Instead of “mastering the text,” let the text “master”
you. This requires a humble, careful listening to the Word of God and an honest response. It is not
essential that you cover the entire passage. Read and meditate in an unhurried way, focusing and
lingering as you allow the Word to sink into your heart.

Name ___________________________

Please reflect on the following passage: John 15:1-8

1. Prepare your heart
              Relax, release your agenda, listen
              Remind yourself; God is present
              Pray for the Word to read you
              Share your gratitude with God
2. Hear the Word
              Read slowly, out loud, if possible
              Stop when “arrested”
              Allow the Word to play in your heart
              As God speaks, absorb what he is saying to you
3. Ask, “How has God touched my life?”
              Why is this word for you?
              What is it about your life right now that needs to hear this word?
              How is God catching your attention?
              How does this word make you feel uncomfortable?
              If it is a story, what characters do you identify with? With whom do you not
                 identify? How does the story connect with your life?
4. Is there an invitation for me?
              What is God saying to you?
              What is he asking of you?
5. Write down what you hear God saying to you through his word.
6. Pray
              How do you find yourself praying for yourself? For others?
              Allow your prayers to flow
7. Release your thoughts, feelings, and intentions to God…REST.

8. Turn in for this assignment: 1) What you wrote down under #5 (you do not need to turn in
anything you are uncomfortable sharing); and 2) What you learn about the activity of reading
Scripture from doing this exercise.
                 NARRATIVE ANALYSIS JOHN 4:3-42

Read John 4:3-42 carefully. Try to identify with what is going on.

   What are the events, who are the characters, and what are the settings that are used to develop
    the story narrated in this passage? In particular, how are characters, events, and settings used to
    develop the unfolding plot?

   What literary/narrative techniques does John use to move the story toward its intended purpose
    (e.g., irony, misunderstandings, double meanings, repeated themes)?

   What do you believe is the goal John has for the reader as he develops this story?
   With whom do you identify in the story? In what ways do you find yourself “entering into” the
    story? In other words, how does the story become your story and how are you shaped by it?
Student Name _______________________                         Date ________________

Johannine Literature Bible Study Evaluation Paper
Grading Rubric

Criteria         Exceeds standard       Meets standard         Below standard        Points
Intro &        Outstanding              Adequate intro and     Inadequate intro
Conclusion     introduction and         conclusion             and conclusion
Total points   5                        3-4                    1-2
Big Idea       Excellent                Average                Reflects inadequate
               understanding of big     understanding of       understanding of
               idea                     big idea               big idea
Total points   5                        3-4                    1-2
Observation    Shows excellent          Shows average          Shows inadequate
Questions      observation              observation            observation
               questions                questions              questions
Total points   5                        3-4                    1-2
Interpretation Shows excellent          Shows average          Shows inadequate
Questions      interpretation           interpretation         interpretation
               questions                questions              questions
Total points   5                        3-4                    1-2
Application    Shows excellent          Shows average          Shows inadequate
Questions      application              application            application
               questions                questions              questions
Total points   5                        3-4                    1-2
Overall        Outstanding              Average                Inadequate
Understanding understanding of          understanding of       understanding of
of the passage passage                  passage                passage
               5                        3-4                    1-2
Evaluation     Outstanding              Adequate               Inadequate
               evaluation of the        evaluation of the      evaluation of the
               key issues               key issues             key issues
Total points   45-50                    40-45                  30-40
English Usage Very few spelling &       More than a few        Numerous spelling
               grammar errors           spelling &             & grammar errors
                                        grammar errors
Total Points     9-10                   6-8                    3-5
Organization     Excellent              Average                Inadequate
and Style        organization & style   organization &         organization &
                                        style                  style
Total Points     9-10                   6-8                    3-5
Late deduction   -5 per day up to
Cumulative       100 points possible
Total Points

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