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VARIABLES RELATED TO ARTICULATION AND PHONOLOGICAL

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					VARIABLES
RELATED TO
ARTICULATION AND
PHONOLOGICAL
DEVELOPMENT AND
PERFORMANCE
I. INTRODUCTION

 There are a number of variables
 associated with speech sound
 acquisition.

 Research: can only demonstrate
 correlation, not cause-and-effect-
 relationships.
II. ENVIRONMENT
III.FAMILIAL AND PERSONAL
FACTORS
:
Research shows:
IV. LANGUAGE SKILLS

 Many children have problems with
 BOTH language and
 articulation/phonology
Phonological awareness
problems may also exist
 Hodson et. al. August 2002 American
 Journal of Speech Language Pathology:
Peterson et al, 10/09 Journal of
Speech, Language, and Hearing
Research
Bernthal, Bankson, & Flipsen 2009:
V. TONGUE THRUST
  A. Introduction
Orofacial Myology is:
B. Characteristics of Tongue
Thrust (video will show too)
Your text page 221 says:

 “Treatment for tongue thrust is not
 provided in many public schools
 unless there is also an accompanying
 articulation disorder.”
But in the public schools…
ASHA’s Position:
VI. SENSORY VARIABLES

 A. Oral Sensation

 Looked at oral stereognosis or form
 recognition

 B. Hearing Loss
Problems found in children
with significant hearing loss:
(p 213):
C. Auditory Discrimination
     VII. ANATOMIC,
     NEUROLOGIC, AND
     PHYSIOLOGIC FACTORS
A. Anatomic Structures

1.
2. Nasopharynx (Bernthal et al., 2009)
3. Hard palate

4. Teeth — there may be extra or
   supernumerary teeth (or Class I,
   Class II, Class III malocclusion; p.
   206; please know for Test 2)

5. Lips

6. Tongue
Unrepaired cleft lip and palate
Repaired lip and palate
Class II malocclusion (overbite)
Class II
Underbite (Class III)
Open bite
Open Bite Repaired
Problems with the tongue may
include…
Ankyloglossia (tongue tie)
Ankyloglossia
Cancer of the tongue
B. Neurological Factors
1. Dysarthria
2. Cerebral Palsy
3. Apraxia of speech
VIII MOTOR SKILLS

				
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posted:6/28/2011
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