open_space_dec04_introduction__finalv2_050105 by shuifanglj

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									SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


       Introduction and background
       Introduction and scope

1.1    In October 2004, Spelthorne Borough Council (the Council) appointed PMP to
       undertake an Open Space, Sport and Recreation Study across the whole of
       Spelthorne (the Borough). The study, an assessment of local needs and audit of
       open space and indoor sport and recreational facilities, will provide the Council
       with a clear vision, priorities for the future (based on local need) and a direction
       for the allocation of resources.

1.2    The overall aim for this piece of work is to:

      „to provide an assessment of Spelthorne‟s open space, sport and recreation facilities
      in the Borough to establish appropriate local standards, identify areas where there
      are deficiencies in provision and identify solutions/ sites to meet those deficiencies‟.

1.3    The above aim is underpinned by the six study outcomes, which are:

             to undertake an audit of existing provision to cover all aspects of open space
              (with the exception of civic spaces), sport and recreation. The audit should
              include an understanding of provision in areas immediately adjoining the
              Borough boundary and which have an existing role in meeting Spelthorne’s
              needs
             to establish robust local standards
             to ensure that any shortfall or surplus in provision are identified against these
              standards
             to produce site-specific recommendations to meet any identified shortfalls in
              provision having regard to suitability and sustainability in terms of site size,
              access, adjoining land uses, any potential adverse impacts on adjoining uses,
              any particular feature or habitat on the site which might constrain the
              proposed use
             to identify and determine the scope to use any potentially redundant
              allotments to meet any shortfall
             to evaluate and make recommendations on the following unimplemented
              open space/recreation proposals in the current Local Plan and whether or not
              they should be retained in the light of the findings of the study: proposals 25,
              33, 34 and 35.
1.4    It is important that this study provides evidence, via a robust assessment, to support
       the policies for protection of urban open space sites as identified in your Local Plan.
       The study will also inform future planning policy, including the preparation of the
       Council’s Local Development Framework (LDF), which is targeted for adoption in
       March 2007.

1.5    The study is undertaken in accordance with the requirements of the latest Planning
       Policy Guidance Note 17 (PPG17)(Planning for Open Space Sport and Recreation,
       July 2002) and its Companion Guide published in September 2002. Further details of
       this process are provided overleaf.




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SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


1.6    This study is also running parallel to separate work being carried out by Bridge IMC
       consultants on allotments in the Borough and by the Council’s Liveability Parks
       Project. Information from both these studies have been used to inform this report.

1.7    This report is an update on progress and provides an initial introduction to the study,
       methodology (in line with PPG17 requirements), findings to date and outlines the way
       forward to completion of the final report. To date, Step 1 and 2 of the 5-Step PPG17
       process have been completed and are detailed within this report. Steps 3, 4 and 5
       will be completed in January. The methodology and our approach for these steps are
       outlined within Section 6.

1.8    The study also analyses indoor sport and recreation facilities. The analysis consisted
       of a comprehensive audit of indoor sports facilities. Supply and demand modelling
       will be undertaken for the final report in order to identify any surplus or shortfall in the
       provision of indoor recreation in the Borough.

1.9    As detailed above, the aim is that the study and resulting strategy will enable the
       Council to ensure the most effective and efficient use of open spaces and indoor
       sport and recreation facilities within the Borough and plan and respond appropriately
       to any pressures of immediate and future developments.

       Planning Policy Guidance 17 (PPG17)

1.10   PPG17 states “the government expects all local authorities to carry out assessments
       of needs and audits of open space and sports and recreational facilities”.

1.11   The major change in the policy guidance is the requirement for local authority
       decisions, regarding open space, to be informed by local needs assessments and
       an audit of existing provision. Such audits should incorporate qualitative, quantitative
       and accessibility considerations as well as the overall non-monetary value of the land
       including the level of use. National standards are no longer considered to meet local
       needs, although they may be used as benchmarks.

1.12   Other subsequent changes in this planning policy document are:

             the definition of open space should be taken to mean all open space of public
              value, including not just land, but also areas of water such as rivers, canals
              and lakes which offer important opportunities for sport and recreation
             a greater emphasis is placed on qualitative considerations – this is particularly
              important as it will allow local authorities to identify potential for increased use
              through better design, management and/or maintenance of open space
             it advocates the setting of local standards appropriate to the local area rather
              than assessment by national standards although these can be used as
              benchmarks – the Government believes that national standards are
              inappropriate, as they do not take into account the demographics of an area,
              the specific needs of residents and the extent of built development
             it provides further guidance on the constituent elements of open space
              typologies
              it clearly acknowledges the multiple functions that open spaces can perform.




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SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


1.13   The policy guidance sets out priorities for local authorities in terms of:

             assessing needs and opportunities – undertaking audits of open space, sport
              and recreational facilities
             setting local standards
             maintaining an adequate supply of open space
             planning for new open space.

1.14   The companion guide sets out the process for undertaking local assessments of
       needs and audits of provision. It also:

             indicates how councils can establish the needs of local communities and
              apply provision standards
             promotes a consistent approach across varying types of open space.

1.15   PMP and the Council have followed the recommendations of PPG17 throughout the
       study. Following this methodology maximises the potential the strategy has to make
       a real difference to the quantity, quality and accessibility of open spaces in
       Spelthorne.

       Need for local assessments

1.16   A local assessment of open space and open space needs will enable the Council to:

             plan positively, creatively and effectively in identifying priority areas for
              improvement and to target appropriate types of open space required

             ensure an adequate provision of high quality, accessible open space to meet
              the needs of the community

             ensure any funding is invested in the right places where there is the most
              need

             conduct Section 106 negotiations with developers from a position of
              knowledge with evidence to support.

1.17   Where no assessment exists, developers can undertake their own independent
       assessment to demonstrate that open space is surplus to requirements. It is
       therefore desirable for the Council to have robust data to protect open space within
       the Borough.




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SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


       Outcomes of local assessments

1.18   A local assessment of open space will enable the Council to plan effectively and
       achieve some desirable key outcomes required by PPG17. These are:

             provision of networks of accessible, high quality open space for sport and
              recreation that meet the needs of residents and visitors

             provision of open spaces that are ‘fit for purpose’ – the right type in the right
              place and of the right size

             provision of open spaces that are economically and environmentally
              sustainable

             provision of an appropriate balance between new open space and
              enhancement of existing provision

             setting locally derived provision standards

             provision of clarity and reasonable certainty for developers and land owners.

       Demographics

1.19   Spelthorne Borough Council is located in Surrey, 15 miles west of Central London. It
       is bordered by the M25 to the west, the River Thames to the south and west, the
       London Borough of Richmond upon Thames to the east, and Heathrow Airport and
       the London Borough of Hounslow to the north.

1.20   Spelthorne is a compact urban area covering 21 square miles (12,671 acres). The
       area comprises 65% green belt and 30% of the total area is either floodplain or
       reservoir. The major centres of population are Ashford, Shepperton, Stanwell,
       Sunbury and Staines. The borough is seen as an affluent area with the exception of
       Stanwell – Stanwell North ward is ranked in the top 40% most deprived wards in the
       Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2001.

1.21   The total population of the borough of Spelthorne in 2001 was 90,390 of which 51%
       are female. 22.8% of the population are below 19 years of age (compared to the
       average in England and Wales of 25.1%) and 22.0% of the population are 60 or over
       (compared to the average in England and Wales of 20.9%).

1.22   Further details regarding the demographic profile of the borough and the relevance of
       this profile in relation to open space, sport and recreation facilities will be expanded
       upon within the final report.

       Summary

1.23   This report provides an update on Steps 1 and 2 of the PPG17 process, which
       incorporates the following:

             an evaluation and summary of the local needs assessment, which has been
              carried out throughout the Borough

             a summary of the audit of open space and indoor sport and recreational
              facilities in the Borough.



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SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


1.24   The above data will be used to complete Steps 3, 4 and 5 of the PPG17 process.
       The final study will therefore:

             provide an analysis of existing provision and appropriate policies and actions
              for each type of open space. This will enable the Council to plan effectively
              the provision of open space to meet the current and future needs and
              enhance existing open spaces where required

             enable the Council to ensure the most effective and efficient use of open
              spaces within the Borough and plan and respond appropriately to any
              pressures of immediate and future developments

             provide the necessary information to be used in developing a strategy for the
              future management and development of open space.




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