References and Bibliography on Epidemiology Air

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					            References and Bibliography on Epidemiology (2002 – 2008)

                                   I Air-/Droplet-Borne Diseases
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Cardosa MJ, Perera D, Brown BA, Cheon D, Chan HM, Chan KP, Cho H, McMinn P. Molecular epidemiology of
human enterovirus 71 strains and recent outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region: comparative analysis of the VP1 and
VP4 genes. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Apr;9(4):461-8. Review.

Chan KP, Goh KT, Chong CY, Teo ES, Lau G, Ling AE. Epidemic hand, foot and mouth disease caused by human
enterovirus 71, Singapore. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Jan;9(1):78-85.

Chong CY, Chan KP, Shah VA, Ng WY, Lau G, Teo TE, Lai SH, Ling AE. Hand, foot and mouth disease in Singapore:
a comparison of fatal and non-fatal cases. Acta Paediatr. 2003 Oct;92(10):1163-9.

McMinn PC. An overview of the evolution of enterovirus 71 and its clinical and public health significance. FEMS
Microbiol Rev. 2002 Mar;26(1):91-107. Review.

Shah VA, Chong CY, Chan KP, Ng W, Ling AE. Clinical characteristics of an outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease
in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2003 May;32(3):381-7.

Singh S, Chow VT, Phoon MC, Chan KP, Poh CL. Direct detection of enterovirus 71 (EV71) in clinical specimens from
a hand, foot, and mouth disease outbreak in Singapore by reverse transcription-PCR with universal enterovirus and
EV71-specific primers. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Aug;40(8):2823-7.

Singh S, Poh CL, Chow VT. Complete sequence analyses of enterovirus 71 strains from fatal and non-fatal cases of
the hand, foot and mouth disease outbreak in Singapore (2000). Microbiol Immunol. 2002;46(11):801-8.

Chan GC, Koh D. Reviewing lessons learnt of SARS in Singapore during planning for influenza pandemic. Int Marit
Health. 2006;57(1-4):163-76.

Chow A, Ma S, Ling AE, Chew SK. Influenza-associated deaths in tropical Singapore. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006

Chow VT, Tambyah PA, Goh KT. To kill a mocking bird flu? Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Jun;37(6):451-3.

Cutter J. Preparing for an influenza pandemic in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Jun;37(6):497-503.
Fisher DA. Avian influenza preparation: resource diversion has a cost. Singapore Med J. 2006 Jun;47(6):451-2.

Goh LG, Cheong PY. The pandemic influenza threat: a review from the primary care perspective. Prim Care Respir
J. 2006 Aug;15(4):222-7.

SW, Chong CY, McCarthy G, Lim WY, Goh KT, Razak L, et al. The efficacy of influenza vaccination in healthcare
workers in a tropical setting: a prospective investigator blinded observational study. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008

Lee HY, Fong YT. On-site influenza vaccination arrangements improved influenza vaccination rate of employees of a
tertiary hospital in Singapore. Am J Infect Control. 2007 Sep;35(7):481-3.

Lee VJ, Chen MI. Effectiveness of neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing staff absenteeism during pandemic
influenza. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Mar;13(3):449-57.

Lee VJ, Chen MI, Chan SP, Wong CS, Cutter J, Goh KT, et al. Influenza pandemics in Singapore, a tropical, globally
connected city. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jul;13(7):1052-7.

Lee VJ, Fernandez GG, Chen MI, Lye D, Leo YS. Influenza and the pandemic threat. Singapore Med J. 2006

Lee VJ, Phua KH, Chenm MI, Chow A, Ma S, Goh KT, et al. Economics of neuraminidase inhibitor stock piling for
pandemic influenza, Singapore. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jan;12(1):95-102.

Lee VJ, Wong CS, Tambyah PA, Cutter J, Chen MI, Goh KT. Twentieth century influenza pandemics in Singapore.
Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Jun;37(6):470-6.

Leong HK, Goh CS, Chew ST, Lim CW, Lin YN, Chang SF, et al. Prevention and control of avian influenza in
Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Jun;37(6):504-9.

Lye DC, Ang BS, Leo YS. Review of human infections with avian influenza H5N1 and proposed local clinical
management guideline. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Apr;36(4):285-92.

Lye DC, Nguyen DH, Giriputro S, Anekthananon T, Eraksoy H, Tambyah PA. Practical management of avian influenza
in humans. Singapore Med J. 2006 Jun;47(6):471-5.

Menon KU. Risk communications: in search of a pandemic. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Jun;37(6):525-34.

Ng TP, Pwee KH, Niti M, Goh LG. Influenza in Singapore: assessing the burden of illness in the community. Ann Acad
Med Singapore. 2002 Mar;31(2):182-8.

Seet RC, Lim EC, Oh VM, Ong BK, Goh KT, Fisher DA, et al. Readiness exercise to combat avian influenza. Qjm.
2009 Feb;102(2):133-7.

Tan SB, Goh C, Thumboo J, Che W, Chowbay B, Cheung YB. Risk perception is affected by modes of risk presentation
among Singaporeans. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2005 Mar;34(2):184-7.

Wilder-Smith A, Ang B. The role of influenza vaccine in healthcare workers in the era of severe acute respiratory
syndrome. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2003 Sep;32(5):573-5.

Wong TY, Koh G, Cheong SK, Lee HY, Fong YT, Sundram M, et al. Concerns, perceived impact and preparedness
in an avian influenza pandemic--a comparative study between healthcare workers in primary and tertiary care. Ann
Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Feb;37(2):96-102.

Wong TY, Koh GC, Cheong SK, Sundram M, Koh K, Chia SE, et al. A cross-sectional study of primary-care physicians
in Singapore on their concerns and preparedness for an avian influenza outbreak. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008

Yang KS, Fong YT, Koh D, Lim MK. High coverage of influenza vaccination among healthcare workers can be
achieved during heightened awareness of impending threat. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Jun;36(6):384-7.

Lim FS, Han HH, Bock HL. Safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of the live attenuated combined measles,
mumps and rubella vaccine containing the RIT 4385 mumps strain in healthy Singaporean children. Ann Acad Med
Singapore. 2007 Dec;36(12):969-73.

Ong G, Rasidah N, Wan S, Cutter J. Outbreak of measles in primary school students with high first dose MMR
vaccination coverage. Singapore Med J. 2007 Jul;48(7):656-61.

Ong G, Hoon HB, Ong A, Chua LT, Kai CS, Tai GK. A 24-year review on the epidemiology and control of measles in
Singapore, 1981-2004. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006 Jan;37(1):96-101. Review.

Meningococcal Infection
Wilder-Smith A, Barkham TM, Chew SK, Paton NI. Absence of Neisseria meningitidis W-135 electrophoretic Type 37
during the Hajj, 2002. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Jun;9(6):734-7.

Wilder-Smith A, Paton NI, Barkham TM, Earnest A. Meningococcal carriage in Umra pilgrims returning from Saudi
Arabia. J Travel Med. 2003 May-Jun;10(3):147-9.

Wilder-Smith A, Goh KT, Barkham T, Paton NI. Hajj-associated outbreak strain of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup
W135: estimates of the attack rate in a defined population and the risk of invasive disease developing in carriers. Clin
Infect Dis. 2003 Mar 15;36(6):679-83. Epub 2003 Mar 3.

Wilder-Smith A. W135 meningococcal carriage in association with the Hajj pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore experience.
Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2003 Feb;21(2):112-5.

Wilder-Smith A, Tai Goh K. W-135 meningococcal disease in a traveler: a case report. J Travel Med. 2003 Jan-

Wilder-Smith A, Barkham TM, Ravindran S, Earnest A, Paton NI. Persistence of W135 Neisseria meningitidis
carriage in returning Hajj pilgrims: risk for early and late transmission to household contacts. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003

Wilder-Smith A, Barkham TM, Earnest A, Paton NI. Acquisition of W135 meningococcal carriage in Hajj pilgrims and
transmission to household contacts: prospective study. BMJ. 2002 Aug 17;325(7360):365-6. No abstract available.

Ong G, Goh KT, Ma S, Chew SK. Comparative efficacy of Rubini, Jeryl-Lynn and Urabe mumps vaccine in an Asian
population. J Infect. 2005 Nov;51(4):294-8.

Kowalzik F, Barbosa AP, Fernandes VR, Carvalho PR, Avila-Aguero ML, Goh DY, Goh A, de Miguel JG, Moraga F,
Roca J, Campins M, Huang M, Quian J, Riley N, Beck D, Verstraeten T. Prospective multinational study of pertussis

infection in hospitalized infants and their household contacts. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Mar;26(3):238-42.

Wilder-Smith A, Boudville I, Earnest A, Heng SL, Bock HL. Knowledge, attitude, and practices with regard to adult
pertussis vaccine booster in travelers. J Travel Med. 2007 May-Jun;14(3):145-50.

Wilder-Smith A, Ng S, Earnest A. Seroepidemiology of pertussis in the adult population of Singapore. Ann Acad Med
Singapore. 2006 Nov;35(11):780-2.

Wilder-Smith A, Earnest A, Ravindran S, Paton NI. High incidence of pertussis among Hajj pilgrims. Clin Infect Dis.
2003 Nov 1;37(9):1270-2. Epub 2003 Oct 1.

Viral Conjunctivitis
Chan CM, Theng JT, Li L, Tan DT. Microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis in healthy individuals: a case series.
Ophthalmology. 2003 Jul;110(7):1420-5.

Choi H, Lee SB. Nonseasonal allergic conjunctivitis in the tropics: experience in a tertiary care institution. Ocul
Immunol Inflamm. 2008 Jul-Aug;16(4):141-5.

Ong AE, Dashraath P, Lee VJ. Management of enteroviral conjunctivitis outbreaks in the Singapore military in 2005.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2008 May;39(3):398-403.

Yeo DS, Seah SG, Chew JS, Lim EA, Liaw JC, Loh JP, Tan BH. Molecular identification of coxsackievirus A24 variant,
isolated from an outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis in Singapore in 2005. Arch Virol. 2007;152(11):2005-
16. Epub 2007 Aug 6.

                                 II Vector-Borne/Zoonotic Diseases

Massad E, Ma S, Burattini MN, Tun Y, Coutinho FA, Ang LW. The risk of chikungunya fever in a dengue-endemic
area. J Travel Med. 2008 May-Jun;15(3):147-55.

Ng LF, Chow A, Sun YJ, Kwek DJ, Lim PL, Dimatatac F, Ng LC, Ooi EE, Choo KH, Her Z, Kourilsky P, Leo YS. IL-
1beta, IL-6, and RANTES as biomarkers of Chikungunya severity. PLoS ONE. 2009;4(1):e4261. Epub 2009 Jan 21.


Burattini MN, Chen M, Chow A, Coutinho FA, Goh KT, Lopez LF, et al. Modelling the control strategies against
dengue in Singapore. Epidemiol Infect. 2008 Mar;136(3):309-19.

Chadwick D, Arch B, Wilder-Smith A, Paton N. Distinguishing dengue fever from other infections on the basis of
simple clinical and laboratory features: application of logistic regression analysis. J Clin Virol. 2006 Feb;35(2):147-53.

Chai LY, Lim PL, Lee CC, Hsu LY, Teoh YL, Lye DC, et al. Cluster of Staphylococcus aureus and dengue co-infection
in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Oct;36(10):847-50.

Chung YK, Pang FY. Dengue virus infection rate in field populations of female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus
in Singapore. Trop Med Int Health. 2002 Apr;7(4):322-30.

Egger JR, Ooi EE, Kelly DW, Woolhouse ME, Davies CR, Coleman PG. Reconstructing historical changes in the
force of infection of dengue fever in Singapore: implications for surveillance and control. Bull World Health Organ.
2008 Mar;86(3):187-96.

Fisher D. To the vector borne......mosquito-transmitted diseases in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2005 Nov;46(11):596-7.

Hsieh YH, Ma S. Intervention measures, turning point, and reproduction number for dengue, Singapore, 2005. Am J
Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jan;80(1):66-71.

Koh BK, Ng LC, Kita Y, Tang CS, Ang LW, Wong KY, et al. The 2005 dengue epidemic in Singapore: epidemiology,
prevention and control. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Jul;37(7):538-45.

Lahiri M, Fisher D, Tambyah PA. Dengue mortality: reassessing the risks in transition countries. Trans R Soc Trop
Med Hyg. 2008 Oct;102(10):1011-6.

Lee VJ, Lye DC, Sun Y, Fernandez G, Ong A, Leo YS. Predictive value of simple clinical and laboratory variables for
dengue hemorrhagic fever in adults. J Clin Virol. 2008 May;42(1):34-9.

Liew C, Curtis CF. Horizontal and vertical dispersal of dengue vector mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus,
in Singapore. Med Vet Entomol. 2004 Dec;18(4):351-60.

Low JG, Ooi EE, Tolfvenstam T, Leo YS, Hibberd ML, Ng LC, et al. Early Dengue infection and outcome study
(EDEN) - study design and preliminary findings. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2006 Nov;35(11):783-9.

Lye DC, Chan M, Lee VJ, Leo YS. Do young adults with uncomplicated dengue fever need hospitalisation? A
retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory features. Singapore Med J. 2008 Jun;49(6):476-9.

Ong A, Sandar M, Chen MI, Sin LY. Fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever in adults during a dengue epidemic in Singapore.
Int J Infect Dis. 2007 May;11(3):263-7.

Ooi EE, Goh KT, Chee Wang DN. Effect of increasing age on the trend of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in
Singapore. Int J Infect Dis. 2003 Sep;7(3):231-2.

Ooi EE, Goh KT, Gubler DJ. Dengue prevention and 35 years of vector control in Singapore. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006

Seet RC, Ooi EE, Wong HB, Paton NI. An outbreak of primary dengue infection among migrant Chinese workers in
Singapore characterized by prominent gastrointestinal symptoms and a high proportion of symptomatic cases. J Clin
Virol. 2005 Aug;33(4):336-40.

Siong WC, Ching TH, Jong GC, Pang CS, Vernon LJ, Sin LY. Dengue infections in HIV patients. Southeast Asian J
Trop Med Public Health. 2008 Mar;39(2):260-5.

Tanner L, Schreiber M, Low JG, Ong A, Tolfvenstam T, Lai YL, et al. Decision tree algorithms predict the diagnosis
and outcome of dengue fever in the early phase of illness. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008;2(3):e196.

Tay JC, Tan P. Finding intervention points in the pathogenesis of dengue viral infection. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol
Soc. 2006;1:5315-21.

Wilder-Smith A, Chen LH, Massad E, Wilson ME. Threat of dengue to blood safety in dengue-endemic countries.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Jan;15(1):8-11.

Wilder-Smith A, Foo W, Earnest A, Sremulanathan S, Paton NI. Seroepidemiology of dengue in the adult population
of Singapore. Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Feb;9(2):305-8.

Wilder-Smith A, Yoksan S, Earnest A, Subramaniam R, Paton NI. Serological evidence for the co-circulation of
multiple dengue virus serotypes in Singapore. Epidemiol Infect. 2005 Aug;133(4):667-71.

Japanese Encephalitis
Koh YL, Tan BH, Loh JJ, Ooi EE, Su SY, Hsu LY. Japanese encephalitis, Singapore. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006

See E, Tan HC, Wang D, Ooi EE, Lee MA. Presence of hemagglutination inhibition and neutralization antibodies to
Japanese encephalitis virus in wild pigs on an offshore island in Singapore. Acta Trop. 2002 Mar;81(3):233-6.

Ting SH, Tan HC, Wong WK, Ng ML, Chan SH, Ooi EE. Seroepidemiology of neutralizing antibodies to Japanese
encephalitis virus in Singapore: continued transmission despite abolishment of pig farming? Acta Trop. 2004 Nov-

Chiam PT, Oh HM, Ooi EE. Localised outbreak of Falciparum malaria in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2003

Kang ML, Hsu L, Kurup A. A large cluster of imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria among Nigerian expatriate
students. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Oct;77(4):790-2.

Tambyah PA. Local transmission of malaria in Singapore: an important public health message. Singapore Med J.
2003 Jul;44(7):336-7.

                                  III Food-/Water-Borne Diseases
Habib AG. A clinical audit of presentation and outcome of Salmonella septicaemia. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2004

Koh TH, Koh AE, Hamdan A, Khoo BC, Yu VY, Raymond RT, Tee NW. Ceftriaxone-resistant Salmonella spp. in
Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Oct;37(10):900-1.
Ling ML, Goh KT, Wang GC, Neo KS, Chua T. An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica

serotype Typhimurium, DT104L linked to dried anchovy in Singapore. Epidemiol Infect. 2002 Feb;128(1):1-5.

Food Poisoning
Holmes MJ, Teo SL.Toxic marine dinoflagellates in Singapore waters that cause seafood poisonings. Clin Exp
Pharmacol Physiol. 2002 Sep;29(9):829-36.

Ng TL, Chan PP, Phua TH, Loh JP, Yip R, Wong C, Liaw CW, Tan BH, Chiew KT, Chua SB, Lim S, Ooi PL, Chew
SK, Goh KT. Oyster-associated outbreaks of Norovirus gastroenteritis in Singapore. J Infect. 2005 Dec;51(5):413-8.
Epub 2004 Dec 16.

                                        IV Blood-Borne Diseases

Hepatitis B
Li SC, Ong SC, Lim SG, Yeoh KG, Kwong KS, Lee V, et al. A cost comparison of management of chronic hepatitis
B and its associated complications in Hong Kong and Singapore. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2004 Nov-Dec;38(10 Suppl

Lim FS, Han HH, Jacquet JM, Bock HL. Primary vaccination of infants against hepatitis B can be completed using
a combined hexavalent diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus
influenzae type B vaccine. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Oct;36(10):801-6.

Lu W, Mak B, Lim SG, Aung MO, Wong ML, Wai CT. Public misperceptions about transmission of hepatitis B virus in
Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Oct;36(10):797-800.

Ong SC, Mak B, Aung MO, Li SC, Lim SG. Health-related quality of life in chronic hepatitis B patients. Hepatology.
2008 Apr;47(4):1108-17.

Tan NC, Cheah SL. What barriers do primary care physicians face in the management of patients with chronic
hepatitis B infection in primary care? Singapore Med J. 2005 Jul;46(7):333-9.

Tan NC, Cheah SL, Teo EK. A qualitative study of health-seeking behavior of Hepatitis B carriers. Singapore Med J.
2005 Jan;46(1):6-10.

Tan NC, Cheah SL, Teo EK, Yang LH. Patients with chronic hepatitis B infection: what is their quality of life? Singapore
Med J. 2008 Sep;49(9):682-7.

Wai CT, Da Costa M, Sutedja D, Lee YM, Lee KH, Tan KC, et al. Long-term results of liver transplant in patients with
chronic viral hepatitis-related liver disease in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2006 Jul;47(7):588-91.
Wai CT, Mak B, Chua W, Lim SG. The majority of hepatitis B carriers are not on regular surveillance in Singapore.
Singapore Med J. 2004 Sep;45(9):423-6.

Wai CT, Mak B, Chua W, Tan MH, Ng S, Cheok A, et al. Misperceptions among patients with chronic hepatitis B in
Singapore. World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Aug 28;11(32):5002-5.

Hepatitis C
Chow WC, Tien SL, Tan CK, Lui HF, Vathsala A, Ng HS. Treatment of chronic hepatitis C in patients with end-stage
renal disease and hemophilia--the Singapore experience. Intervirology. 2006;49(1-2):107-11.

                                V Environmental-Related Diseases

Lin YS, Yu VL. Underdiagnosis of hospital-acquired Legionnaires disease in Singapore. Am J Infect Control. 2006
Apr;34(3):161-2. No abstract available.

Goh KT, Ng DL, Yap J, Ma S, Ooi EE. Surveillance, prevention, and control of legionellosis in a tropical city-state. Am
J Infect Control. 2005 Jun;33(5):286-91.

Chadwick DR, Ang B, Sitoh YY, Lee CC. Cerebral melioidosis in Singapore: a review of five cases. Trans R Soc Trop
Med Hyg. 2002 Jan-Feb;96(1):72-6.

Chan KP, Low JG, Raghuram J, Fook-Chong SM, Kurup A. Clinical characteristics and outcome of severe melioidosis
requiring intensive care. Chest. 2005 Nov;128(5):3674-8.

Liu Y, Loh JP, Aw LT, Yap EP, Lee MA, Ooi EE. Rapid molecular typing of Burkholderia pseudomallei, isolated in an
outbreak of melioidosis in Singapore in 2004, based on variable-number tandem repeats. Trans R Soc Trop Med
Hyg. 2006;100:687-92.

Orellana C. Melioidosis strikes Singapore. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Nov;4(11):655.

Tan AL, Tan ML. Melioidosis: antibiogram of cases in Singapore 1987-2007. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008
Dec;102 Suppl 1:S101-2.

                          VI HIV/AIDS, STIs, Tuberculosis & Leprosy

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Bellamy R, Sangeetha S, Paton NI. AIDS-defining illnesses among patients with HIV in Singapore, 1985 to 2001:
results from the Singapore HIV Observational Cohort Study (SHOCS). BMC Infect Dis. 2004 Nov 12;4:47.

Chow KY, Ang LW, Verghesse I, Chew SK, Leo YS. Measurable predictive factors for progression to AIDS among
HIV-infected patients in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2005 Jan;34(1):84-9.

Chua A, Leo YS, Kurup A, Chlebicki MP, Lee CC. Healthcare workers and HIV health issues. Ann Acad Med Singapore.
2008 Jul;37(7):576-9.

Chua AC, Leo YS, Lee CC. Building partnerships to address the HIV epidemic. Singapore Med J. 2008 May;49(5):376-9.

Chui P, Chew SK. Appropriateness of Singapore’s HIV/AIDS control programme. Lancet. 2002 Dec 14;360(9349):1982; author reply -3.

Cutter JL, Lim WY, Ang LW, Tun Y, James L, Chew SK. HIV in Singapore--past, present, and future. AIDS Educ Prev.
2004 Jun;16(3 Suppl A):110-8.

Goh BK, Chan RK, Sen P, Theng CT, Tan HH, Wu YJ, et al. Spectrum of skin disorders in human immunodeficiency
virus-infected patients in Singapore and the relationship to CD4 lymphocyte counts. Int J Dermatol. 2007 Jul;46(7):695-9.

Paton NI, Chapman CA, Sangeetha S, Mandalia S, Bellamy R, Beck EJ. Cost and cost-effectiveness of antiretroviral
therapy for HIV infection in Singapore. Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Oct;17(10):699-705.

Paton NI, Sangeetha S, Earnest A, Bellamy R. The impact of malnutrition on survival and the CD4 count response in
HIV-infected patients starting antiretroviral therapy. HIV Med. 2006 Jul;7(5):323-30.

Quah SR. Public image and governance of epidemics: comparing HIV/AIDS and SARS. Health Policy. 2007

Quek JT, Li SC. A study of the effectiveness of AIDS health education interventions among the adolescent population
of Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2002 Jul;43(7):359-64.

Tay EG, Emmanuel SC. Improving the uptake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antenatal screening in a
primary healthcare setting. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2003 Jan;32(1):92-5.

Wee HL, Li SC. Sociodemographic factors influencing the effectiveness of public health education - a comparison of
two studies in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Nov;36(11):958-61.

Wong ML, Chan RK, Koh D. HIV prevention among travelers: why do men not use condoms when they engage in
commercial sex overseas? Sex Transm Dis. 2007 Apr;34(4):237-44.

Sexually-Transmitted Diseases
Chan RK, Tan HH. Sexually transmitted infections in Singapore teenagers. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2003

Chan RK, Tan HH, Chio MT, Sen P, Ho KW, Wong ML. Sexually transmissible infection management practices
among primary care physicians in Singapore. Sex Health. 2008 Sep;5(3):265-71.

Chan YC, Ng KY, Chan RK. The epidemiology and treatment of anogenital warts in Singapore: a retrospective
evaluation. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2002 Jul;31(4):502-8.

Sen P, Chio MT, Tan HH, Chan RK. Rising trends of STIs and HIV infection in Singapore-- a review of epidemiology
over the last 10 years (1994 to 2003). Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2006 Apr;35(4):229-35.

Tan HH, Chan RK, Goh CL. Sexually transmitted diseases in the older population in Singapore. Ann Acad Med
Singapore. 2002 Jul;31(4):493-6.

Tan HH, Soon T, Chan R. Quality improvement: experience of a sexually transmitted infection clinic in Singapore. Int
J STD AIDS. 2008 Dec;19(12):800-4.

Tan HH, Wong ML, Chan RK. An epidemiological and knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices study of sexually
transmitted infections in older men. Singapore Med J. 2006 Oct;47(10):886-91.

Theng CT, Sen PR, Chio TW, Tan HH, Wong ML, Chan RK. Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus-1 and -2 in
attendees of a sexually transmitted infection clinic in Singapore. Sex Health. 2006 Dec;3(4):269-74.

Theng TS, Chan RK. Genital herpes in a sexually-transmitted infection clinic in Singapore: a 1-year retrospective
study. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2004 Mar;33(2):200-3.

Theng TS, Sen PR, Tan HH, Wong ML, Chan KW. Seroprevalence of HSV-1 and 2 among sex workers attending a
sexually transmitted infection clinic in Singapore. Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Jun;17(6):395-9.

Wee S, Barrett ME, Lian WM, Jayabaskar T, Chan KW. Determinants of inconsistent condom use with female sex
workers among men attending the STD clinic in Singapore. Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Aug;80(4):310-4.

Wong ML, Chan R, Koh D. Long-term effects of condom promotion programmes for vaginal and oral sex on sexually
transmitted infections among sex workers in Singapore. AIDS. 2004 May 21;18(8):1195-9.

Wong ML, Chan RK, Koh D, Barrett ME, Chew SK, Wee SS. A comparative study of condom use and self-reported
sexually transmitted infections between foreign Asian and local clients of sex workers in Singapore. Sex Transm Dis.
2005 Jul;32(7):439-45.

Chee CB, James L. The Singapore Tuberculosis Elimination Programme: the first five years. Bull World Health
Organ. 2003;81(3):217-21.

Chee CB, Teleman MD, Boudville IC, Do SE, Wang YT. Treatment of latent TB infection for close contacts as a
complementary TB control strategy in Singapore. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004 Feb;8(2):226-31.

Chee CB, Teleman MD, Boudville IC, Wang YT. Contact screening and latent TB infection treatment in Singapore
correctional facilities. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Nov;9(11):1248-52.

Chee CB, Wang YT, Teleman MD, Boudville IC, Chew SK. Treatment outcome of Singapore residents with pulmonary
tuberculosis in the first year after introduction of a computerised treatment surveillance module. Singapore Med J.
2006 Jun;47(6):529-33.

Low JG, Lee CC, Leo YS, Low JG, Lee CC, Leo YS. Severe acute respiratory syndrome and pulmonary tuberculosis.
Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jun 15;38(12):e123-5.

Pek WY, Chee CB, Wang YT. Bacteriologically-negative pulmonary tuberculosis--the Singapore tuberculosis control
unit experience. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2002 Jan;31(1):92-6.

Phoa LL, Teleman MD, Wang YT, Chee CB. Characteristics of patients with delayed diagnosis of infectious pulmonary
tuberculosis. Respirology. 2005 Mar;10(2):196-200.

Teleman MD, Chee CB, Earnest A, Wang YT. Hepatotoxicity of tuberculosis chemotherapy under general programme
conditions in Singapore. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Aug;6(8):699-705.