Foreign Body Modification by: Tim, Meg, Lyndsay • A modification is something that a person does willingly, it is their choice. • A mutilation is something that is involuntary and not wanted. • Most common is tattooing. • Piercings are on the rise • Tattoos are generally regarded as forms of individual expression and creativity. • They celebrate individuality, they still identify their wearers as members of the community who celebrate body art. • The last decade has seen explosive growth. U.S. continues • The art is often thought of with prisoners, but has now become a part of mainstream American culture. • 60% of the tattooed were A and B students between the ages 18- 30 (Myrna Armstrong, a professor at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center) • Not only young people are contributing to the tattoo boom, 65% of the tattoos being done are being done on middle aged women. • In South Carolina and Oklahoma tattooing is illegal!!!! • For men in West Africa scarring is a form of tribal initiation, sign of bravery. • Done with razor blades, the painful process starts at puberty and continues into adulthood. • Each tribe has distinctive tattoo designs indicates a clan and include black magic symbols to keep away evil spirits. • New Guinea the Maisin women cover their entire faces with exotic curvilinear patterns. • Until they are tattooed, they are thought to have "blank faces” and are not yet fitted for marriage. • Padaung woman wearing neck rings • In china, woman used to bind their feet to make them smaller. From the Tang dynasty in 618 until the 20th century, • Japanese culture mafia are known for their intricate full body tattoos of mythological characters. • Tattoos are also considered a sign of initiation into the mafia. • The process can take up to two years to complete. • Tattoos are used in religious ceremonies, so are piercing. • FREEDOM • Ritual • Right of passage • Tell a story • Show off an ancient art • Some people only want attention • Feel like you belong to something • Prove the point that our body is ours • Good luck • Religious reasons- your body is a temple • They think it is weird, because it is something they wouldn’t want. • The dangerous drastic change can be scary sometimes • The stereotype of tattooing and piercing is associated only with the mob or something bad. • Introduces color into the skin through the use of needles. • Tattooing has been practiced since the ancient Egyptians • Tattooing is a ritualistic practice with powerful social and spiritual significance. • Some tattoos denote an affiliation with spirits, or ancestors, may ward off harm or disease. • Some mark the coming of age, signify tribal rank, or distinguish friend from foe. Tat it up!! • Others recognize great hunting power, weaving skills, or a successful headhunting raid. • They make people feel wanted, if not in this culture than the sub-culture will take them. • A way to remember things • Punching a hole through the skin and inserting a piece of metal, bone, shell, ivory or glass • Body piercing occurs worldwide and is practiced on men, women and children. • It's grown in popularity during the past five years, among American teenagers with ears, noses, tongues, and belly buttons. • multiple piercings are nothing new: 4000 year- old clay figurine with multiple-pierced ears from Iran, 3500-2900 B.C. • Raised scars by in decorative patterns. • Scarification occurred primarily among darker skinned people in much of Africa, and Australian Aborigines. • In Africa the boys get scared all over with razors to make their skin look like an Alligators. • There are several ways to get the scarification: 1. Branding, your skin is burned at 1,000 degrees 2. Electrocution, the shocks burn off your skin 3. Cutting of the skin. • practices like dentistry, cosmetic surgery, and even using make up are so common they are not thought of as body modifications. • But it is still a voluntary change= Body modification • Through botox, butt implants, rhinoplastie, hair plugs, muscle implants, people can change their natural look to make them look better in their own way. • Was used in Asia to identify criminals • Tattooed designs dating to 300–400 B.C • Used to be used to show a persons statis in the world, now it is for beauty • Piercings have been around for millennia. • The oldest tattooed body known was found in the Austrian Alps, he was over 5,000 years old. • VIDEO to rock your mind.