Unit 6 Exam Review •Nationalize Nationalize • Gov takeover of natural resources, businesses, &/or industries http://oceanaris.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/shepard-fairey-stalin-lenin.jpg •What were the causes of the March 1917 revolution in Russia? What were the causes of the March 1917 revolution in Russia? • Widespread discontent among all classes of Russian society • Agitation from revolutionaries • Weak leadership of Czar Nicholas II • Defeat in Russo Japanese War • Bloody Sunday (1905) • Losses in World War I • Strikes and riots •What feelings were expressed by writers after WWI? What feelings were expressed by writers after WWI? • Feelings of hopelessness and loss http://www.dadaawa.org.au/site-photos/Lost%20Gen.jpg/image_preview •What was the purpose of the Kellogg-Briand Pact? What was the purpose of the Kellogg-Briand Pact? • End war as a foreign policy tool/ end war for good http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/62/65962-004-A6CCCFAF.jpg •What were the effects of the Great Depression? What were the effects of the Great Depression? Immediate: • Millions become unemployed worldwide • Businesses go bankrupt • Governments take emergency measures to protect economies. • Citizens lose faith in capitalism and democracy • Nations turn toward authoritarian leaders Long-term: • Nazis take control in Germany • Fascists come to power in other countries • Democracies try social welfare programs • Japan expands in East Asia • World War II breaks out •Why did France build the Maginot Line? Why did France build the Maginot Line? • Prevent another German invasion •What is the theory that states space and time are not absolute? What is the theory that states space and time are not absolute? • Theory of relativity •What pact had the effect of the pursuit of disarmament? What pact had the effect of the pursuit of disarmament? • Kellogg-Briand •The Salt March is an example of what practice? The Salt March is an example of what practice? • Civil disobedience •Why were Indians mad at the UK after WWI? Why were Indians mad at the UK after WWI? • UK failed to fulfill its promise to grant India greater self- government •How did Gandhi fight the UK rule in India? How did Gandhi fight the UK rule in India? • Passive resistance •What traits were valued in Fascist Italy? What trait was valued most in Fascist Italy? • Loyalty •Why were Italians attracted to fascism? Why were Italians attracted to fascism? • It promised a better life •How did Stalin gain power? How did Stalin gain power? • Building a loyal following among Communist party members •What was the purpose of Stalin’s 5- year Plans? What was the purpose of Stalin’s 5- year Plans? • Turn the USSR into a modern industrial power •What were the aims of Stalin’s 5- year Plans? What were the aims of Stalin’s 5- year Plans? • Build up heavy industry • Improve transportation • Increase farm production http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2310/1578784571_9e4fda8cf5.jpg •What helped Hitler and other totalitarian leaders rise to power? What helped Hitler and other totalitarian leaders rise to power? • Great Depression http://www.laprogressive.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/great-depression.gif •What techniques did the Soviet government use to control the citizens and build support? What techniques did the Soviet government use to control the citizens and build support? • Terror • Censorship • Propaganda • Reward & punishment • Promotion of http://www.russianlife.com/article.cfm?Number=348 •American president who introduced the New Deal American president who introduced the New Deal • FDR- Franklin D. Roosevelt http://justgetthere.us/blog/uploads/FDR.jpg •Polish-born scientist who experimented with radioactivity Polish-born scientist who experimented with radioactivity • Marie Curie http://reich- chemistry.wikispaces.com/file/view/10098934A~Marie-Curie- Posters.jpg/31490351/10098934A~Marie-Curie-Posters.jpg •Young women during the 1920s who rejected traditional ways Young women during the 1920s who rejected traditional ways • Flappers http://cktk.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/flappers520.jpg •Spanish artist who helped create cubism? Spanish artist who helped create cubism • Pablo Picasso http://www.masterworksfineart.com/images/artists_bio/picasso.jpg •Fascist leader of Italy Fascist leader of Italy • Benito Mussolini http://juiceboxdotcom.com/wp-content/themes/mimbo2.2/images//mussolini.jpg • The following are your essay options. You will need to select one to answer in a 5 sentence paragraph. • How was the relationship of the individual and the state in Fascist Italy different from the relationship between the individual and the state in a democracy like the U.S.? • How did scientific developments after the war contribute to a sense of uncertainty about the world? • Contrast the role of women in Fascist Italy with that of women in the U.S. after WWI? • Why do you think the Communists discouraged religion in the Soviet Union?