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SMOKING

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					SMOKING
                          SURVEY
1. How often do you have a cigarette?
a)   every day b) never c) at the weekends d) occasionally

2.Do you know what the effects of tobacco smoking in your body
    are?
a)   nothing happens b) your liver is destroyed c) your head grows d)
     you may get lung cancer

3.What are the effects of second-hand smoking?
a)   asthma, lung ailments b) no effects c) you gain weight

4.What country is the biggest tobacco producer?
a)   Brazil b) China c) India d) the USA

5.What is the most dangerous component of the tobacco?
a)   nicotine b) carcinogens c) viruses
                          SURVEY
6.Where did the tobacco first appear?
a)   Americas b) Europe c) Asia

7.What’s second-hand smoking?
a)   passive smoking b) active smoking c) voluntary inhalation of smoke

8.Before tobacco pass in the category of drugs, what was it used
   for?
a)   as insecticide b) as medicine c) as poison

9.Have you ever tried to stop smoking?
a)   no, I don’t smoke b) yes, I quitted c) yes, but I still smoke

10.Does smoking affect the performance in practicing different
   sports?
a)   no, not at all b) sometimes c) yes, it should be avoided d) it
     increases performance
               CONCLUSIONS
   Most people who smoke know the bad effects of
    tobacco; but, they admit they can’t quit;

   Almost all the smokers have tried quitting smoking at
    least once; only 5% succeeded to quit, indeed; and
    about 35% succeed to quit for a period of time.

   Second-hand smokers are aware of the danger they are
    exposed to;
       DID YOU KNOW THAT…
   Smoking causes:
   Many forms of cancer, particularly lung cancer, cancer of the kidney, cancer of the larynx and
    head ,neck, breast cancer, bladder, esophagus, pancreas and stomach. There is some evidence
    suggesting an increased risk of myeloid, leukemia, squamos cell Sino nasal cancer, liver cancer,
    cervical cancer, colorectal cancer after an extended latency, childhood cancer and cancer of the
    gall bladder, adrenal gland and small intestine.

   Cardiovascular disease:
    -stroke
    -peripheral vascular disease

   Respiratory ailments:
    -common cold and bronchitis
    -COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis in particular

   Birth defects of pregnant smokers’ offspring

   Buerger’s disease

   Cataracts that may cause blindness

   Cognitive dysfunction
       DID YOU KNOW THAT…
   Smoking cessation is the effort to stop smoking tobacco products. Nicotine is an addictive
    substance ,especially when taken in by inhaling tobacco of the rapid absorption through the
    lungs

   China is the biggest tobacco producer

   The antidepressant bupropion, marketed under the brand name Zyban, helps with withdrawal
    symptoms, cravings and urges. Bupropion is contraindicated in epilepsy, seizure disorder;
    anorexia/bulimia (eating disorders), patients use of psychosis drugs (MAO inhibitors) within 14
    days, patients undergoing abrupt discontinuation of ethanol or sedatives.

   Nicotine antagonist varenicline (Chantix) (Champix in the UK)

   Recently, a shot given multiple times over the course of several months, which primes the
    immune system to produce antibodies which attach to nicotine and prevent it from reaching the
    brain, has shown promise in helping smokers quit. However, this approach is still in the
    experimental stages.

   The three main tobacco components are nicotine, tar and carbon dioxide.
       DID YOU KNOW THAT…
   Passive smoking is the involuntary inhalation of smoke from tobacco products. It occurs when
    tobacco smoke permeates any environment ,causing the inhalation by all people within that
    environment.

   It estimated that living or working in a place where smoking is permitted increases the non-
    smokers’ risk of developing heart disease by 25-30% and lung cancer by 20-30%.The report also
    found that passive smoke causes SIDS, respiratory problems, ear infections, and asthma attacks
    in children.

   Techniques which can increase smokers’ chances of successfully quitting are:

   Quitting “cold turkey”: abrupt cessation of all nicotine use as opposed to tapering or gradual
    stepped-down nicotine wearing. It is the quitting method used by 80 to 90% of all long-term
    successful quitters.

   Nicotine replacement therapy when used for less than eight weeks helped with withdrawal
    symptoms, cravings, and urges (for example, transdermal nicotine patches, gum, lozenges,
    sprays, and inhalers). While nicotine has been found to have some benefits in treating nicotine
    addiction, other treatments were more effective
!!! STATISTICS IN ROMANIA !!!
   64% of those under 16 smoke registering an increase of 11%
    from the study in 1999 simultaneous with the decrease of the
    smokers’ ages.
   32% of the students smoke their first cigarette before 14 years
    old.
   72% of Romanian population between 14-60 years old admit
    that they accept smoking ads.
   Among 2.394 students from the 9th grade from high-school
    (about 16 years old):
   57.1% smoke
   13.6% started to smoke at 11 years old or less
   54% started to smoke at less than 15 years old
   17% smoke every day
!!! STATISTICS IN ROMANIA !!!
   Only 33.3% from the boys and 49.1% from the girls succeeded
    not to smoke at less than 16 years old
   In Romania over 40.000 people die of cancer annually
   Only in 2003 there were registered over 58.261 new cases of
    cancer
   1950 billion lei will be given this year by the Health Minister
    for treating the cancer sick people; the medium cost of the
    treatment for a patient is 25 million lei a year
   47.5% from the smokers started to smoke between 15-19
    years old
   33.8% from the smokers started to smoke between 20-24
    years old
GROUP TWO

				
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posted:6/28/2011
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