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					Healthy Workplaces
    A European campaign
on Risk Assessment (2008-09)

                  Dr. Jochen Müller
                  Campaigns Manager
                  EU-OSHA
                   PPT overview


1. EU-OSHA introduction

2. Healthy Workplaces Campaign on Risk
    Assessment (2008-09)
     Why a EU campaign on RA?
     5-step approach to good risk assessment
     Campaign strategy/objectives
     Campaign material and activities
     Results 2008 – Outlook 2009

3. Outlook 2010-11: HWC on Safe Maintenance
              1.
       European Agency
for Safety and Health at Work
         (EU-OSHA)
                       Context:
                    OSH in EU 27 (1)

• 225 million economically active

• Every 3.5 minutes, somebody in the EU dies from
  work-related causes
   o 159,500 fatalities attributed to work-related
     diseases in EU, and
   o 5,720 fatalities caused by accidents at work in EU,
   o 74,000 fatalities attributed to hazardous
     substances at work in EU, (asbestos included)
                                                        Accidents
                            Fatal                       causing 3 +                             Deaths
                            accidents     Fatal         days'             Work-    Work- caused by
           Total            reported,     Accidents,    absence,         related  related dangerous
  Region   employment       2003          estimate 2003 estimate        diseases mortality substances
EU-15       164.528.900          2.700            4.692    4.411.236     126.773 131.465          59.277
EU-25       193.374.742          3.890            6.156    5.787.378     151.420 157.576          70.378
EU-27       205.431.242          4.422            7.460    7.013.545     159.485 166.945          73.989

World       2.916.352.037        17.979         357.948   336.532.471   2.025.754   2.383.703       651.279
                            Fatal           Fatal          Accident                                         Deaths
                            accidents       accidents,     causing 3+         ILO Estimate    ILO Estimate caused by
ILO Estimates    Total      reported        estimate       days' absence      Work-related    Work-related dangerous
Country          employment (ILO 2003)      ILO 2003       Estimate 2003      diseases        mortality     substances
Austria             3.798.400        103             227            213.419           2.820           3.047        1.318
Belgium             4.070.400                         84             78.974           2.893           2.977        1.353
Bulgaria            2.834.000        114             288            270.674           2.006           2.294          898
Cyprus                327.100          8              10              9.251             242             252          113
Czech Republic      4.733.000        199             245            230.128           3.648           3.893        1.706
Denmark             2.692.500                         51             47.949           2.026           2.077          947
Estonia               594.300         31              38             35.849             683             721          309
Finland             2.385.000         43              49             46.068           1.862           1.911          871
France             24.630.900        661             782            735.214          19.279          20.061        9.014
Germany            36.172.000                        901            847.094          28.568          29.469       13.358
Greece              4.103.900                         68             63.932           3.203           3.271        1.498
Hungary             3.921.900        133             164            153.804           4.507           4.670        1.950
Ireland             1.836.000         65              80             75.167           1.333           1.413          623
Italy              22.133.000        916             991            931.709          16.987          17.978        7.943
Latvia              1.006.900         41              50             47.413           1.157           1.207          527
Lithuania           1.438.000        117             144            135.301           1.652           1.796          769
Luxembourg            293.400         16               7              6.581             139             146           65
Malta                 147.042         12              15             13.877             113             128           53
Netherlands         7.935.000                        104             97.778           5.949           6.053        2.782
Poland             13.617.000        515             633            595.557          10.357          10.990        4.637
Portugal            5.127.700                        346            325.299           3.888           4.234        1.818
Romania             9.222.500        418           1.016            955.493           6.059           7.075        2.712
Slovakia            2.164.600         94             116            108.704           1.607           1.722          719
Slovenia              896.000         40              49             46.257             681             730          318
Spain              17.295.900        722             722            678.803          13.887          14.609        6.493
Sweden              4.234.000                         56             52.650           3.163           3.219        1.479
United Kingdom     27.820.800         174            224            210.598          20.778          21.002        9.716
Total             205.431.242       4.422          7.460          7.013.545         159.485        166.945        73.989
                    Context:
                 OSH in EU 27 (2)

• Every 4.5 seconds, a worker in the EU is involved
  in an accident that forces him/her to stay at home
  for at least three working days.
• Total number of accidents at work causing three
  or more days of absence: over 7 million / year.
• Huge costs:
   ►Human cost for workers and their families
   ►Business costs for organisations/companies (sick
    leave, insurance costs, productivity, turnover,
    motivation, competitiveness etc.)
   ►Cost for society (burden on healthcare systems)
EU-OSHA, established in 1996, Bilbao
                 Basic structure:
                 Tripartite system


• Ca. 60 employees from 17 EU countries
• EU-OSHA is a tripartite organisation with
  representatives from:
   ►Governments,
   ►Employers organisations and
   ►Trade unions
• Governing Board
   ►3 x 27 EU Member States
   ►3 European Commmission
                EU-OSHA
              organigramme



GOVERNING BOARD


    BUREAU


   DIRECTOR


                     Resource and Service Centre


                          Network Secretariat


                      Communication & Promotion

                                                       OSH
                      European Risk Observatory
                                                      CENTRE
                    Working Environment Information
               Strategy of the Agency


• Identify safety and health issues related to the
  Changing World of Work
   ►The Board, Focal Points, Staff, others

• Coordinate research into new and emerging risks
   ►The European Risk Observatory Unit

• Identify practical approaches to dealing with OSH
  issues
   ►Working Environment Information Unit

• Disseminate the information
   ►Communication and Promotion Unit
37
FOCAL
POINTS
EU Focal Points
Candidate countries
Focal Points
EFTA
Focal Points
                      Global Network of the Agency


                                                  IOSH


                                           IOHA                 RUSSIA
                                                         UEMS
                                                         ILO
                  CANADA                AGENCY
                                                                         KOREA
                             PAHO                           ICOH
                       USA
                                                    ISSA
                                                                                  JAPAN




                               BRAZIL


                                                                                 AUSTRALIA




European Agency
Partner International Organisations
Partner countries
Under discussion
               Information campaigns


• Objectives
  ►Increase awareness of risks
  ►Promote good practice solutions
• Decentralised
  ►Agency coordinates campaign, provides
   information in 22 languages and via the website,
   stimulates partner activities, organises Good
   Practice Awards and Closing Event
  ►Focal Points promote, stimulate and organise
   activities at national level
                So far....

• 2000: Turn your Back on
  Musculoskeletal Disorders
• 2001: Success is no Accident
• 2002: Working on Stress
• 2003: Dangerous Substances –
  Handle with Care
• 2004: Building in Safety
• 2005: Stop that Noise!
• 2006: Safe Start
• 2007: Lighten the load
             And now…
       Two year campaign cycle




Good for you. Good for business.
              Two-year campaign cycle


• More time….
  ►for preparation
  ►for partnership
  ►for participation
  ►for implementation
  ►for other activities

• European Week every year – week 43
             2.
Healthy Workplaces Campaign
            on
     Risk Assessment
         (2008-09)
                Why a campaign on RA?


• RA is a legal obligation for employers (EU framework
  directive 89/391)
• Although most do, there are still quite a number of
  companies who do not assess their risks (properly).
   ►In general, it can be said:
    The smaller a company, the less likely RA is done.
• There is a need to improve the quality of RA
   ►RA is often a one-off (need for regular updates)
   ►RA is not (well) documented
   ►Long term and psychosocial risks are neglected
   ►Efficiency not sufficiently supervised
                    Target audience


• Core target audience
   ►SMEs and micro firms (!)
   ►Employers, workers, safety representatives, OSH
    practitioners
• Intermediaries
   ►Policy makers
   ►Social partners, EU federations, etc.
   ►National focal points … and their networks
   (see below: Network based campaigning)
   ►Multinational companies
                  Campaign objectives

• Raise awareness and encourage to do RA
• Demystify the process
   ►Not necessarily complicated or bureaucratic
   ►Not only for specialists
• Underline that quality counts
   ►Involvement of everyone in the workplace
   ►On-going process (not a one-off)
• Identify and promote good practices
• Business benefits:
   ►Sick leave, insurance costs, turnover
   ►Productivity, efficiency and competitiveness
                        How to do
                   a Risk Assessment?


• There are two principles which should always be born
  in mind when carrying out an RA:

   ►Structure the assessment to ensure that all relevant
    hazards and risks are addressed (e.g. not overlooking
    secondary tasks, such as cleaning).

   ►When a risk is identified, begin assessment by
    questioning if the risk can be eliminated.
            Reminder: hazards and risks


• A hazard can be anything – whether work materials,
  equipment, work methodes or practices – that thas
  the potential to cause harm.

• A risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody may
  be harmed by the hazard.
                   Five-step approach

• For most organisations, a five-step approach to RA is
  all they need:
      1. Identifying hazards and people at risk
      2. Evaluating and prioritising risks
      3. Deciding on preventive action
      4. Taking action
      5. Monitoring and reviewing

• Remember: RA should be done with the employees’
  active involvement
                 Who performs the RA?

• The person carrying out the RA can be:
   ►The employers themselves
   ►Employees designated by the employer
   ►External assessors or service providers, IF there is a
    lack of competent personnel in the workplace
• The assessor(s) must be provided with the
  necessary information, training, resources, time and
  support.
• Whoever undertakes the RA, it is the employer who
  is ultimately responsible for the Assessment.
              Network-based campaigning


• Core strength: FOPs and tripartite networks
• But also ... engage other stakeholders / partners
   ►At EU-level: relevant DGs; EU representations; Agencies;
    social partners; NGOs; sectoral federations and networks
   ►EEN (Europe Enterprise Network)
   ►Large enterprises – as part of corporate social
    responsibility agenda – supply chain (SMEs)
   ►Mirror this activity at national level
            EU-presidency engagement


• Strengthen partnership with EU-presidencies
  throughout two-year campaign cycle
  ►2008: Slovenia – France
  ►2009: Czech Republic – Sweden
  ►2010: Spain – Belgium
  ►2011: Hungary - Poland
  ►2012: Denmark – Cyprus
                 Campaign materials

• Materials in EU-22 languages
  ►Logo and slogan, poster
  ►Fact sheets, leaflet, brochure, GP Awards flyer
  ►PPTs, banners, email-signature
  ►Napo DVD
  ►AV packages (4-6 sectors)
  ►Resource kit USB (to support partner events)
• Materials in limited languages
  ►4 Reports
  ►Magazine
  ►Good Practice Awards booklet
                Campaign website

• Dedicated campaign website
   ►Ideas for action
   ►Resource database
   ►Partners-section

• Web single entry point on risk assessment

• Links to good practice resources


           http://hw.osha.europa.eu
Campaign website
―NAPO in ―Risky business…‖



         Video clip
                 Campaign calendar (1)

• 2007
  Q3/4       Planning/preparation of campaign products
• 2008
  Q1/2       Translate, produce and distribute materials
  10 April   EU Partnership meeting
  13 June    Launch event in Bxl
  Q3/4       National Partnership meeting (FOPs)
  Q3/4       1st round of partner events
             (stakeholders / multipliers)
  Q4         European Week (cw 43 – 20 October 2008)
  3/4 Nov.   FR Presidency – FITS
                Campaign calendar (2)


• In 2009:
  Events with FOPs, Official campaign partners, other
  national, regional and sectorial partners, etc.

• EU-OSHA:
   17 March        EU Partnership meeting + Official
                   Partner ―Get together‖
   27 April        GPA ceremony with CZ Presidency
   19-25 Oct.      European Week (focus of activities)
   26/27 Oct.      Conference with SE Presidency
   16/17 Nov.      Closing event in Bilbao
   All year        Topic based activities with FOPs
                   Local and sector focus
                   Promotion of GP Award winners
                   Activities Official Campaign Partners
                         Milestones 2008

•   EU Partnership meeting in Brussels (10 April 2008)
     78 Participants
     New partnership approach
     Result: 30 official campaign partners (8 + 9 + 13)
                       Milestones 2008

•   EU campaign launch in Brussels (13 June 2008)
     Commissioner Spidla
     Slovenian EU Presidency
     National campaign launches in 27 Member States
                    Milestones 2008

•   EU campaign launch in Brussels (13 June 2008)
                    Milestones 2008

•   EU campaign launch in Brussels (13 June 2008)
                        Milestones 2008

•   European Week (October, CW 43)
     Hundreds of campaign events all around Europe
       Conferences, workshops, trainings, exhibitions, etc.
                        Milestones 2008

   Good Practice Awards
     Hundreds of entries at
      national level
     Ca. 47 submitted to EU
      level
     Evaluation in Nov./Dec.
     8 winners, 9 commended to
      be awarded at CZ EU
      Presidency event in Prague
      (27 April 2009)
   FR EU Presidency event in
    Paris (3-4 Nov. 2008)
     FITS – Forum International
      Travail et Sécurite
     Exhibition and speaches
                    EU-OSHA organised events
                        (with nat. FOPs)
•   43 national news releases
•   20 press conferences
•   6 radio call-ins
•   8 journalist/expert round tables
•   11 professional articles
•   National Partnership meeting
    ► In 19 member states
• Events and other campaign activities
    ► In 27 member states
    ► 61 Stakeholder meetings
    ► Target: 4,450
    ► Participants: 6,905 --- 3,504 reply to participants’ survey
                  Attendees profile
• Type of organisations
   ► 27% public organisations
   ► 68% public or private companies
• Position
   ► 50% employees
   ► 43% management (CEOs, board member, head of dep.)
• Size of the organisations
   ► 17% under 10 employees
   ► 29% from 11 to 100 employees
   ► 17% from 101 to 250 employees
   ► 32% over 250
• Sectors
   ► 17% from Health and Social Work
   ► 14% from Public Administration sector
   ► 13% from Construction
   ► 13% from Manufacturing
                      Attendees survey

• Events/seminars satisfaction
   ► 92% say events were interesting/very
   ► 94% say presentations were professional/very
   ► 93% say they were introduced to new topics
   ► 86% say networking was satisfactory/very
   ► 89% say events were well organised/very
   ► 91% would (absolutely) recommend such event


• Risk Assessment
   ► 21% said they had never carried out RA
   ► 76% say the event encouraged to do one.
          Distribution of campaign material

~ 2 million items distributed across 27 MS and beyond
• 974.500 Factsheets
• 20.000 Magazines
• 310.825 Campaign leaflets
• 125.295 GPA Flyers
• 111.000 Folders
• 104.080 Bookmarks
• 98.210 NAPO DVDs
• 60.100 Notebooks
• 74.230 Posters A3
• 400         Posters A1
                     Give aways

•   25.500   Pens
•   15.000   Key rings
•   11.000   Back packs
•   9.200    Umbrellas
•   9.000    Life jackets
•   7.500    Clap bands
•   5.630    Media Kits
•   9.960    Resource Kits
                      Media monitoring 2008

• 2086   clippings/press cuttings in total
   ► Online 1165
   ► Print 861
   ► Radio 36
   ► TV 12
   ► Newsletter 12
• Top 5 topics
  Risk Assessment                                   724

 Psychosocial risks                           573

     Closing event                    189

           Various                    181

          HORECA                114

  Migrant workers          86

             Noise         73

     Women's Day      46
                  Website monitoring 2008

•   EU-OSHA website
    ► EU-OSHA (22 languages)
          4,349,286 visits / 24,007,539 pages viewed.
          40,000 OSHmail subscribers / 3,500 Alerts subscribers
    ► Network (nat. FOP websites)
          2,358,297 visits / 9,733,465 pages viewed

•   Healthy workplaces campaign website
    ► Risk Assessment campaign (22 languages)
          2,160,806 visits / 11,057,443 pages viewed

•   Top 2 publications downloaded
          R.A. — the key to healthy workplaces (125,078)
          R.A. — roles and responsibilities (116,292)
Recognition for campaign involvement
             Official campaign partners

• First introduced:
  10 April 2008 at EU Partnership meeting

• Promoted throughout 2008 at various meetings

• Win-Win situation
   ►You help us…
                   Get involved in the campaign
   ►We give you…
                   Getting recognition for your efforts
               Official campaign partners

• Recognition and promotion
   ► Partner Certificate
   ► Partner web section on campaign website
   ► Event web section
   ► Website quote
   ► Website link
   ► News section (press release, OSHmail, etc.)
   ► Promotion to the media
   ► Promotion to EU key players
     (MEPs, European Commission, Brussels based media, …)
• Support in kind
   ► Campaign material (incl. NAPO) – adapt with logo!
   ► EU level (Agency) / Nat. level (FOP)
                             WEBSITE !
            Official campaign partners


• So far, 33 campaign partners announced:
  ►Oct. 2008: 9 organisations
  ►Dec. 2008: 8 organisations
  ►Feb./March 2009: 16 organisations

• Good mixture of:
  ►EU employers and workers federations (22)
  ►Technology platforms (1)
  ►NGOs (2)
  ►Multinational companies (8)
Official Campaign Partners
Official Campaign Partners
Official Campaign Partners
Official Campaign Partners
                    Partner activities
• Electronic:
   ► Use of campaign logo on website and dedicated website
     for Risk Assessment
   ► Dissemination of campaign information and news via
     email and newsletters
• Seminars/conferences/events:
   ► Over 60 ―internal‖ meetings where campaign is
     presented to pan-European networks
   ► Over 50 ―external‖ seminars and conferences
     (exclusively dedicated to campaign issue or as part of a
     workshop within an existing conference)
• Other activities:
   ► Good Practice DVDs and photo collections
   ► Training sessions
   ► Good practice guidelines for particular industry
   ► Etc…
Partner Certificate
                        Milestones 2009

•   Official campaign partners ―Get together‖ (17 March 09)
    ► Commissioner Spidla: Hand-over of partner certificate
    ► Feedback and networking session
                        Milestones 2009

•   Official campaign partners ―Get together‖ (17 March 09)
    ► Commissioner Spidla: Hand-over of partner certificate
    ► Feedback and networking session
                        Milestones 2009

•   Official campaign partners ―Get together‖ (17 March 09)
    ► Commissioner Spidla: Hand-over of partner certificate
    ► Feedback and networking session
                      Milestones 2009

•   EU Partnership meeting (17 March 2009)
    ► 74 Participants
    ► New campaign partnerships and ideas…
                      Milestones 2009

•   EU Partnership meeting (17 March 2009)
    ► 74 Participants
    ► New campaign partnerships and ideas…
                         Milestones 2009

•   CZ EU Presidency conference + GPA ceremony (27 April 09)
    ► ―Safety and Health at Work in Europe in 21st Century‖
          OSH as economic factor, Economic incentives, …
    ► GPA ceremony 2008-09
                           Milestones 2009


•   SE EU Presidency conference (26-27 Oct. 2009)
    ► ‖Employment and promotion of labour market inclusion‖
    ► ―Economic Performance and OSH‖

•   HWC closing event + Exhibition (16-17 Nov. 2009)
    ► Day 1: Networking
    ► Day 2: Closing conference
          Commissioner Spidla
          SE EU Presidency
    ► Exhibition
          FOPs
          Network members
          Photo competition results
                         Milestones 2009

•   Focal Point activities
    ► Min. 20 Nat. Partnership meetings
    ► Min. 30 events, seminars, conferences
    ► Press conferences, journalist roundtables, radio call-ins,
      placement of prof. articles, distribution of campaign
      material and give-aways, …

•   33 official campaign partners (all year round)
    ► Campaign events, seminars, training sessions… Online
      dissemination (web, newsletter, intranet, etc.)
    ► Other activities (DVDs, videos, photo collection, poster
      competition, etc.)
                         Milestones 2009

•   5 big PR projects

    1. Journalist excursions
          To all GPA winners 2009 (and some previous)
          Target: Local, regional, national media
          TV coverage / footage material

    2. Photo competition
          Open to everybody
          Submission until Sept. 2009
          October 2009: 3 winners + public favourite
          Calendar 2010
          Exhibition – to tour in 2009/2010
                    Pan-European photo competition

•   Objectives
    ► Raise awareness on OSH
    ► Corporate promotion
    ► Generate media coverage
    ► Actively involve people in
      Healthy Workplaces campaign
    ► Generate visual material
• Timing
    ► Launch: end April 09
        2 Newsletter to call for entries
        Press release
    ► Deadline for entries: 15 August 09
        Newsletter
    ► Jury meeting: September 09
    ► Award ceremony: November 09
        Press release
                  Pan-European photo competition


•   Jury
    ► 4 professional photographers
    ► 1 OSH expert


• Prices
    ► 1st prize: 3000 EUR
    ► 2nd prize: 2000 EUR
    ► 3rd prize: 1000 EUR
    ► Public’s favourite: 1000 EUR
                  Milestones 2009

3. EU OSH survey
     5 questions on public perception of OSH issues
     PR activities

4. OSH film award
     DOC Leipzig 2009
     Sponsor of new award category
     Long-term goal: generate OSH related documentaries

5. Three OSH TV reports
     Construction, HORECA, cleaning sectors
     To generate OSH reporting in these areas
     Linked to publication of Agency report
                     Milestones 2009

Reports (+ related factsheet)
   ► Assessment, elimination and substantial reduction of
     occupational risks
   ► Diversity and risk assessment. Assessing the risks of a
     diverse workforce
   ► Mainstreaming OSH into general business
                      Milestones 2009/2010

•   Risk Assessment interactive tool
    ► Free interactive software;
    ► Downloadable application which can be installed on any
      computer and completed off-line;
    ► The goal: help SMEs to put in place the RA process;
    ► Sector-specific;
    ► It will include:
          Checklist with additional information;
          Automatic generation of ―to do‖ lists and plans of measures;
          Automatic action plan could include: hazards, actions, sorting on
           priority, person in charge, deadlines; updateable status, …;
    ► To contribute to the ―development of simple tools to facilitate
      RA‖ (Community Strategy 2007-2012)
    ► To contribute to demystify the RA process;
    ► Available to the public before the end of the year
                    Milestones 2009/2010

Follow-up enforcement campaign by SLIC
  ►   Chemical risk assessment
  ►   Focus on SMEs (not the chemical companies)
  ►   Focus on sectors not substances
  ►   The goal: raise awareness among employers and workers
  ►   Focus on 5 sectors:
         Furniture production/ Forestry
         Vehicle maintenance
         Bakeries
         Health Care
         Cleaning
                3.
Healthy Workplaces Campaign on
        Safe Maintenance
            (2010-11)
                       Introduction

• Maintenance should happen in all workplaces:
   ► Plant, equipment, workplace
• Occupational diseases and accidents
   ► during maintenance work
   ► because of lack of maintenance (e.g. slips,trips,falls)
   ► as a result of poor quality maintenance and maintenance
     management
• There is a need to:
   ► Raise awareness of the importance of maintenance
   ► Foster a structured approach
   ► Promote good maintenance management as a key part of good
     safety and health management
                    Hazards and risks

• Some examples:
  ► Risk of MSDs (e.g. tasks involving bending and awkward
    postures)
  ► Accident risks (all types)
  ► Risk of asphyxiation in confined spaces
  ► Risk of dermatitis
  ► Risk of exposure to asbestos, chemical agents (e.g. solvent
    cleaners), biological hazards and dusts
• Health outcomes to workers:
  ► acute: accident risks (e.g. inadvertent start up) and contact
    risks (e.g. dermatitis from used lubricants)
  ► chronic: MSDs, NIHL, skin cancer, mesothelioma etc.
                      Size of the problem

• Eurostat data
   ► 10-15% of fatal accidents and 15-20% of all accidents related to
     maintenance operations
   ► in certain sectors more than 50% of accidents are maintenance
     related (electricity, gas and water supply)


• EU-OSHA (literature review)
   ► Exposure to risk factors (physical, chemical, biological and
     psychosocial): 2-3x higher than rest of workforce
   ► Occupational diseases: 8-10x higher rate
   ► Work-related accidents: 2.7x more frequent
                      Consequences

• Triple cost of bad maintenance:
   ► The worker (or other affected person) pays with their health or
     their life;
   ► the enterprise pays thorough insured and uninsured losses;
     and
   ► the state pays through lost social insurance and taxation and
     increased payout of health care and pensions.
• At the same time:
   ► Growing shortage of qualified staff
   ► Fewer young people choose a career in maintenance
   ► More sub-contracting and temporary staff (less familiar with
     installations and dangers)
   ► Increasing (global) competition in any given industry can lead
     to reduced expenditure on maintenance
                    Public (and political)
                         awareness

• Importance of maintenance seems only to enter the
  public domain following a major accident, when
  maintenance is identified or suspected as the main or
  one of the contributing factors.
   ► During
   ► Lack of
   ► Poor quality

• Some ―Big bang‖ examples
                      ―Big bang‖ (1)

• Bhopal, chemical industry, 1984
   ► One contributing factor: poor maintenance
                       ―Big bang‖ (2)

• Chernobyl, nuclear power plant, 1986
   ► One contributing factor: lack of training, design flaws
                      ―Big bang‖ (3)

• Piper Alpha, oil production platform, 1988
   ► One contributing factor: lack of communication with contractor
                      ―Big bang‖ (4)

• Hamlet, chicken processing, 1991
  ► One contributing factor: faulty modification/ maintenance to a
    hydraulic line
                      ―Big bang‖ (5)

• Kaprun, funicular train, 2000
   ► One of the contributing factor: lack of maintenance
                      ―Big bang‖ (6)

• Transrapid, maglev train, 2006
   ► One contributing factor: lack of communication during
     maintenance
                 Public (and political)
                      awareness

• Not only ―Big bangs‖

• Accidents and ill-health as a result of maintenance
  failures are an everyday occurrence:
   ►They occur in many workplaces.
   ►It is actually in SMEs where there are great pressures on
    resources and sometimes a lack of expertise where
    safety and health preventive measures, including those
    relating to maintenance, are least developed.
   ►It is just that these do not hit the headlines.
                   Poor maintenance…


• Global ―Safety and Health at Work‖-contest
   ►With a smile
   ►But:
       Taken from real life-situations
       Happen all over the world


                          Photos PPT
    Therefore … 2010-11




Good for you. Good for business.
     A European campaign
     on Safe Maintenance
                         Messages

• Maintenance is carried out in every workplace
• Maintenance is not just the responsibility of the fitter – any
  worker may do maintenance
• Getting maintenance wrong can be
   ► fatal (or cause serious injury)
   ► very costly (to workers, businesses and society)
• SMEs may be particularly at risk
• The potential for harm to workers must be considered
  BEFORE maintenance operations start and preventive
  measures put in place.
• AFTERWARDS, situation must be checked to ensure that a
  new risk has not been created.
                       5-step-approach

1. Plan
     (collect info, find competent person, team work coordination, assess
     risks and take precautions)
2. Make it safe
     (lock-off power, secure all parts, ensure others can’t enter the danger
     area and you cannot be jeopardised by others)

3. Use the appropriate equipment
     (right access, tools, PPEs, system of work)

4. Work as planned
     (no improvisation, time pressure, etc.)

5. Final control
     (check you have left item in a safe state, sign off the work)
                 Campaign milestones

• Planning so far:
   2010
   Feb.              EU Partnership meeting
   21-23 April       ES Presidency OSH event
   28 April          EU campaign launch
   12-14 May         EuroMaintenance 2010 (EFNMS)
   Oct.              European Week 2010 (CW 43)
   Oct./Nov.         BE Presidency OSH event
   2011
   28 April          GPA event with HU Presidency
   Oct.              European Week 2011 (CW 43)
   Nov.              Closing event with PL Presidency
http://hw.osha.europa.eu

       THANK YOU !




Good for you. Good for business.
      A European campaign
       on Risk Assessment