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									     B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                           Final 11/06/09

 1                                   Discontinuance of degree program:
 2                                  Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Clinical Science

 3           The Department of Biology currently maintains three different undergraduate baccalaureate
 4   degree programs:
 5   a) The B.A. in General Biology.
 6   b) The B.S. degree with seven distinct concentrations (Botany, Cell and Molecular Biology,
 7       Ecology, Marine Biology and Limnology, Microbiology, Physiology, and Zoology),
 8   c) The B.S. degree in Clinical Science.
 9       This proposal seeks to justify the discontinuance of the Bachelors of Science (B.S.) in Clinical
10       Science.
12   Background Information
13   A. The B.S. in Clinical Sciences.
14           The B.S. Clinical Science degree was initially established as a B.A. program in 1964. In its
15   original design, students would complete this 4-year baccalaureate degree program and then pursue
16   6-months of post-baccalaureate training in medical technology. At present, students may opt to
17   pursue the B.S. in Clinical Science. The curriculum for the B.S. program is highly structured and
18   allows little latitude in the selection of electives. In addition, it is a very rigorous curriculum consisting
19   of 76-79 units in the major and no less than 14 separate required laboratory courses (see Appendix
20   A). Indeed, the B.S. in Clinical Science is the highest lab- and unit-requiring major in the Biology
21   department (see Table 1). From 1997 to 2008 student enrollment in this B.S. has declined from 99
22   students to 49 students at present.
24   Table 1. Comparison of unit requirements in Biology baccalaureate programs.
                                                Lower Div Units            Upper Div Units             Total Units
      B.A. in Biology                                 32-33                      24-25                   57-58
      B.S. in Biology: Botany                         34-35                      32-33                    67
      B.S. in Biology: Cell &
                                                      35-36                        36                    71-72
      Molecular Biology
      B.S. in Biology: Ecology                        34-35                      32-33                     67
      B.S. in Biology: Marine Biology
                                                      34-35                      32-33                     67
      & Limnology
      B.S. in Biology: Microbiology                   35-36                       33                     68-69
      B.S. in Biology: Physiology                     38-39                      29-31                   67-70
      B.S. in Biology: Zoology                        34-35                      32-33                    67
      B.S. in Clinical Science                        34-35                      42-44                   76-79

     B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                      Final 11/06/09

27           After completing the B.S. in Clinical Science students can pursue admission to post-
28   baccalaureate certificate programs in Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) at SFSU or elsewhere. It
29   should emphasized that students are not required to pursue the B.S. in Clinical Science in order to
30   gain admission into any post-baccalaureate CLS certificate program in the state of California.
32   B. The post-baccalaureate certificate program in Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS).
33           The Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) program was originally established as a post-
34   baccalaureate internship program in 1977, along with an M.S. program in Biomedical Sciences. For
35   administrative purposes both programs were housed in Center for Advanced Medical Technology
36   (CAMT) in the College of Science and Engineering. In 1996 the name of the administrative unit was
37   changed to “Center for Biomedical Laboratory Sciences” (CBLS). In 2004, CBLS was merged with
38   the department of Biology. Then, in 2005 the administration of the certificate program was
39   transferred to the College of Health and Human Services.
40           At present, the CLS certificate program is a 13-month post-baccalaureate internship offered
41   by SFSU through the College of Extended Learning. The program admits applicants from across the
42   state of California and from across the country. Students who successfully complete the internship
43   obtain a certificate in Clinical Laboratory Science. After certification, trainees must undergo licensure
44   (through the California Dept. of Health Services) to be employed as licensed medical technologists.
45           For many years now, the number of SFSU students who complete the B.S. in Clinical
46   Science from the Department of Biology and who actually enter the graduate CLS certificate
47   program at SFSU has decreased significantly. Most of the 20-24 annual CLS trainees come from
48   other colleges and universities. In recent years, only 1-4 entering trainees were graduates of the
49   B.S. Clinical Science degree program at SFSU.
51   C. Decision to discontinue the B.S. in Clinical Science.
52           Beginning in the year of 2000, the faculty in the area of Cell Science in the Biology Department
53   held meetings to discuss revising the curriculum. It was concluded that the B.S. Clinical Science should
54   be discontinued. This decision was based on the diminishing enrollment of students in the major, the cost
55   of maintaining the B.S. Clinical Science program and the difficulty that students encounter to efficiently
56   complete the demanding coursework required for this major. In addition, most of the faculty members
57   who originally taught in the program have retired (Drs. W. Bigler, L. Blackwood, A. Catena, R. Morelli, R.
58   Bernstein) or died (Dr. D. Smith-Beckerman); the remaining CBLS faculty (J. Romeo and L. Chen)
59   currently reside in the Biology Dept. Consequently, maintaining this degree program has fallen on the
60   shoulders of the remaining tenured/tenure-track faculty in the microbiology area (Drs. Ramirez, Weinstein,
61   J. Chen, L. Chen, de la Torre and Romeo). Moreover, these faculty members also have the responsibility
62   of ensuring that classes are offered in the Biology department’s microbiology program. The B.S. with a
63   concentration in microbiology currently serves 160 biology majors. Although it has a high student-to-

     B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                        Final 11/06/09

64   faculty ratio, we believe that it can efficiently accommodate the remaining 49 clinical science students
65   should these students choose to change their major. Students who wish to continue in the program to
66   earn the BS in clinical science will be “taught out”.
67           Informal inquiries were conducted by various biology faculty members to determine the career
68   paths taken by graduates from the B.S. Clinical Science program and to determine whether the training
69   they received in the program was up-to-date. Ms. Carola Howe was the director of Center for Biomedical
70   Laboratory Science (CBLS) in which CLS was located before the CBLS-Biology merger. She was invited
71   to speak at a Cell Science meeting in order to clarify the role of biology in preparing students for the CLS
72   certificate program. She related that the statewide certification programs are undergoing some renewal:
73   she felt there was a move toward modernization of technical skills in internship programs. After a year of
74   discussion the Cell Science faculty decided to propose the elimination of the B.S. Clinical Science
75   program. The Biology department faculty voted and unanimously concurred with the proposal.

76   I. Decision Variables
77   A. Importance to the institution
78   1) Centrality to SFSU’s mission.
79           Two central points in the San Francisco State University mission statement are to promote
80   excellence in instruction and to ensure access to higher education. Eliminating the B.S. Clinical Science
81   program does not contradict or diminish this mission. The composition of the Biology Department faculty
82   can no longer ensure the timely and efficient offering of the numerous required courses and laboratories
83   in the B.S. Clinical Science program. On the other hand, the current faculty can and do ensure
84   excellence of instruction within the Microbiology program. Students who intend to pursue admission to a
85   CLS program anywhere in the state of California are required to demonstrate completion of only four
86   upper division courses: Immunology (Biol. 435), Medical Microbiology (Biol. 430), Hematology (Biol. 625)
87   and Analytical Chemistry (Chem. 320). With proper advising, students who receive their B.S. degree in
88   Biology with a concentration in microbiology and who take these four courses are fully prepared to enroll
89   in CLS programs offered at SFSU and other universities in California.
91   2) Centrality to the curriculum of the Department, College or University.
92           The B.S. Clinical Science program is not central to the curriculum of the department, college or
93   university. The composition of the Biology department faculty no longer reflects the curricular niche of the
94   B.S. Clinical Science program; their training and research is largely outside the field of clinical laboratory
95   science. The Biology faculty members who were originally responsible for offering the courses
96   associated with the program have retired. In addition, to a great extent the program is also redundant;
97   many of the required courses in Clinical Science are offered as electives in the Microbiology curriculum.
98   With proper advising, students can and are being trained to meet the course requirements for CLS
99   admission very efficiently within the microbiology program. Lastly, the program has experienced a

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                      Final 11/06/09

100   significant decline in enrollment during the past 10 years. The B.S. in Clinical Science no longer serves
101   nearly as many students as it once did when it was designed as a B.S. program to “channel” students into
102   the nascent CLS certificate program in 1977. At present, 49 students are majoring in the B.S. in Clinical
103   Science. In the academic year of Fall 2008-Spring 2009 only 3 students graduated from this B.S.
104   program (according to Biology graduation data).
106   3) Promotion of the University’s mission.
107           The B.S. Clinical Science program does not contribute significantly to promoting the mission of
108   the University. As noted above, there are relatively few students enrolled in the major, relative to the
109   number of the other Biology major program, and the goals of the Clinical Science program can be met
110   fully by the current microbiology program.
112   4) Advancement of Affirmative Action goals.
113           The Clinical Science program does not promote SFSU’s affirmative action goals any more
114   efficiently than do the other Biology majors. Affirmative action goals that are currently being met by the
115   Clinical Science program can be met by having the same population of students enroll in the Microbiology
116   program. Arguably, having students enroll in the Microbiology program will be more effective at achieving
117   the University’s affirmative action goals because students with a B.S. in Microbiology will be more
118   competitive for a wider range of jobs than are students with the more narrowly focused training of the B.S.
119   in Clinical Science.
121   5) Provision of Special Service to the Community.
122           The service provided by the Clinical Science program to the community is preparing students to
123   enter post-baccalaureate certificate programs in Clinical Laboratory Science. Certificate holders staff
124   clinical laboratories in hospitals and clinics and they perform diagnostic tests. San Francisco State
125   University runs one of these certificate programs through the College of Extended Learning. It is our
126   understanding that – at present – there is a dearth of qualified Medical Technologists in the state of
127   California.
128           The B.S. Biology program in Microbiology provides potential CLS students with all the
129   prerequisite coursework necessary to apply to this and similar programs in California. Thus, eliminating
130   the B.S. Clinical Science program has no negative impact on the community.
132   6) Potential for External Support.
133       Self-support and external funding for Clinical Science programs is possible at the level of a post-
134   baccalaureate certificate program since there is a continuing demand for clinical laboratory technicians.
135   Self-support and external funding at the baccalaureate level, however, would be extremely challenging as
136   students who only possess a B.S. in Clinical Science cannot be licensed by the State of California.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                      Final 11/06/09

137   B. Quality of the Program.
138   1a) Ability of faculty to maintain the current curriculum in Clinical Science.
139           Clinical Science is a specialization within Microbiology. However, the microbiologists currently in
140   the Biology department are not specifically trained in this area. While they may be able to offer a
141   traditional Clinical Science curriculum, they do not have the time or opportunity to remain current in this
142   specialized field. Students who take these courses, therefore, receive strong training, but it may not be
143   technically up-to-date. To augment or enhance technical training, the Biology department would require
144   hiring several new clinical science faculty members in this field and a large expenditure to purchase the
145   equipment currently being used in clinical laboratories. There are no plans to do this since the long-term
146   goals of the department are not focused on training students in what is becoming an increasing
147   automated vocation.
148   1b) Resource Access.
149           As is the case with many other departments at SFSU, the Biology department has limited
150   resources to distribute among the various degree programs it offers. Nevertheless, the SFSU Biology
151   department is widely recognized for the quality of its graduates and the number of historically
152   underrepresented minority students. Many of our students also pursue advanced professional and
153   doctoral degrees. The department offers a B.S. program with concentrations in botany, ecology, cell and
154   molecular biology, microbiology, marine biology, physiology and zoology. Students in these programs go
155   on to a wide variety of careers, including research and the health professions. Students in the B.A.
156   program complete the coursework necessary for teaching certification at all levels of elementary, middle
157   and secondary education. Maintaining the quality of these two majors is the department’s highest priority
158   as they serve more than 97% of all biology majors. Bringing the depth and quality of the B.S. Clinical
159   Science program up to the standard of the two other programs in the department would require significant
160   financial and human resources that are currently not available to the department.
162   1c) Hiring and retention of Faculty.
163           The Biology department has not invested in recruiting faculty to support this major for many
164   years. It is not an area of expertise for the department. As noted above, the department has chosen to
165   invest its resources in the other two degree areas (Microbiology and Cell & Molecular Biology). We have
166   a proven track record in these disciplines of training successful students and attracting new faculty who
167   have been very successful in competing for extramural funding of their research. It would be, as a
168   consequence, very challenging for the department to re-establish a presence in Clinical Laboratory
169   Science field. Furthermore, re-establishing the Clinical science program at the level of the other majors in
170   the department would take resources away from those programs, weakening them and ultimately doing a
171   disservice to the large number of students served by those programs.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                        Final 11/06/09

174   1d) Quality of the program’s faculty.
175           The Biology faculty members who currently teach the classes associated with the Microbiology
176   major are excellent. They each have active laboratories in which undergraduate and graduate students
177   perform research. Several faculty members have active, extramurally funded grants and publish papers
178   in peer-reviewed journals with student co-authors, in addition to regularly presenting their research at
179   professional meetings.
181   2) Enhancement of the University’s reputation.
182           The quality of the B.S. Clinical Science program currently does little to enhance the reputation of
183   SFSU. There are only a few faculty directly associated with the program and they are best recognized for
184   their basic research in biology, virology and infectious diseases rather than for their research in Clinical
185   Science per se. The biology department as a whole is also not recognized for this major; the biology
186   department is far better known for its excellence in ecology, microbiology, cell and molecular biology and,
187   more recently, training in stem cell research.

188   C. Efficiency and Demand for the Program
189   1. Costs and Impact on FTES, FTEF
190           Aside from SFSU, only two universities within the CSU system have biology departments that
191   offer a baccalaureate degree in clinical science: CSU Channel Islands and CSU Northridge. Five other
192   CSU schools (Chico, East Bay, Los Angeles, Sacramento and Stanislaus) offer either microbiology
193   programs that have clinical science tracks or have clinical science concentrations within a general BS
194   Biology degree. There is sufficient variability within these programs that cost comparisons between them
195   and the current San Francisco State BS Clinical Science program are impractical. It is notable, however,
196   that five of the seven campuses currently offering clinical science programs do so without incurring the
197   costs of offering it as an independent major. Hence, there is precedent within the CSU system for
198   incorporating the Clinical Science program at SFSU into the Biology Department’s primary BS degree.
199   This will increase the efficiency with which the Biology Department can offer students the prerequisite
200   courses necessary for entry into clinical laboratory science certification programs. First, it will allow the
201   department to offer fewer required laboratory courses over all. Students who wish to pursue admission to
202   a CLS program could do so with a few as 4 upper division laboratory courses. At present, however, they
203   are required to take eight upper division laboratories. Laboratory courses are traditionally the most
204   expensive classes offered by the biology department due to the small number of students per section and
205   the significant expenses associated with the purchase of materials and preparation for the classes.
206   Second, although the Biology department is committed to continue teaching the three biology courses
207   required for admission to clinical laboratory science certification programs (Medical Microbiology,
208   Immunology and Hematology), they may be offered less frequently in the event of low student demand or
209   budgetary constraint. Neither of these options is possible if the Clinical Science program remains as an

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                       Final 11/06/09

210   independent B.S. degree. (The fourth course, Chem. 320 Analytic Chemistry, is offered each semester
211   by the department of chemistry and biochemistry or can be taken at the community college level).
212           There may be a small net decrease in the total FTES generated by the Biology Department if the
213   B.S. Clinical Science program is eliminated. Students enrolled in the B.S. Clinical Science Program are
214   currently required to complete 76-79 units for the major, while students in the B.S. Biology program with a
215   concentration in Microbiology are required to complete 68-69 units. This would result in a net loss of
216   approximately eight FTES per year to the department at the BS Clinical Science program’s current
217   enrollment. However, Microbiology students planning to enter clinical laboratory science certification
218   programs may, upon advisement, opt to take additional biology elective units beyond what is required to
219   complete the requirements of the microbiology concentration. This makes it difficult to predict exactly
220   what the net loss in FTES will be. Overall, it is important to note that the Biology Department has
221   consistently exceeded its overall FTES target for approximately the last ten years or more, so the
222   decrease in FTES would actually constitute a cost savings for the department as it does not receive
223   funding for students in excess of its enrollment targets.
224           There will be no decrease in FTEF necessitated by the elimination of the BS Clinical Science
225   program. Tenure/tenure-track faculty offering courses associated with the program will continue to offer
226   the same number of courses, often the same courses, within the microbiology and cell and molecular
227   biology concentrations in the BS Biology program. Lecturers teaching classes required for admission to
228   clinical laboratory science certification programs (i.e. Hematology, BIOL 625) will continue to offer these
229   classes as per the current schedule for the foreseeable future.
231   2. Student input regarding cancellation.
232           At the EPC (Educational Policy Committee) meeting of April 7, 2009, the discontinuation of the
233   B.S. in Clinical Science was discussed. The members of the EPC committee requested student input
234   before making any decision in this matter. In Appendix B we present the survey tool that was used to
235   obtain student input. It consists of two parts: a brief outline of the reasons why the Biology department is
236   seeking discontinuation of the B.S. in Clinical Science and a simple survey to obtain student opinion. The
237   survey was conducted in Biol. 401 (General Microbiology), which is a required “core” course for the B.S.
238   in Clinical Science (as well as for the B.S. in Microbiology and an elective in other majors). Of the 90
239   students enrolled in the Biol. 401, 86 students took the survey (95%). It should be noted that only 2 of the
240   respondents (2.3%) in this survey self-identified as “Clinical Science major”. While it could be argued that
241   the lack of Clinical Science students would make the survey invalid, it re-emphasizes the fact that there
242   are very few students in Clinical Science. In fact, lack of representation will likely occur in any course
243   where the survey is presented.
244           When asked if students favored the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science, 66 students
245   (77%) responded affirmatively while 20 students (23%) were opposed. When asked if students favored
246   the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science if they were offered a valid alternative major, 77 students

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                         Final 11/06/09

247   (90%) of the respondents favored the cancellation, but 9 respondents (10%) still favored retention of the
248   B.S. in Clinical Science.
249           In addition to their participation in the survey, respondent were also invited to provide written
250   comments. Twenty-four students provided comments shown in Appendix D. The majority of the
251   comments support cancellation of the major.
253   3. Current and projected demand for the program
254           Enrollment in the B.S. Clinical Science program has declined very significantly in the past ten
255   years, dropping from 99 students in 1997 to 49 students in 2009. That 50.5% decline occurred while
256   enrollment increased 379% (from 426 to 1665 students) in the remaining B.S. programs in biology. This
257   clearly indicates that clinical laboratory science is no longer as attractive a major as it once was.
258   Students who choose clinical laboratory science as a career are now opting for other biology disciplines,
259   ones that offer greater salaries and creative challenges for them. There is a continuing need for certified
260   clinical laboratory scientists, but in the face of declining enrollment in the clinical science program and the
261   recent and budget cuts to the CSU system as a whole, the most cost effective way for the department to
262   continue training students for this career is by offering the prerequisite courses within the context of the
263   larger B.S. programs in Biology (i.e., within the microbiology concentration).
265   Summary of changes in the B.S. in Microbiology
266   Changes to accommodate potential CLS students.
267            To accommodate students who wish to train in clinical laboratory science (a.k.a. medical
268   technology) we propose that students should opt for the B.S. with a concentration in Microbiology. This
269   would reduce the number of required upper division labs (from eight to four: Biol. 401, Chem 320, Biol.
270   625 and an elective lab) and a change in some laboratory electives. These changes are shown
271   Appendix C. The objectives of these changes are: a) to increase the flexibility of the microbiology program, b)
272   to allow a timelier graduation for students who wish to pursue a career in medical technology, and c) to
273   make laboratory curriculum similar to other B.S. programs in the Biology department.


275   Rationale
276   1) To discontinue the requirement of courses for the B.S. in Clinical Science since we voted to eliminate this
277        program.
278   2) To provide an opportunity to update Microbiology laboratory curriculum to teach new technologies.
279   3) To reduce staff preparation time.
280   4) To reduce program redundancy.
281   5) To allow future curriculum growth.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                Final 11/06/09

282   Appendix A. Current B.S. in Clinical Science.

       Lower Division requirements (34-35 units), includes 6 labs
               Biol. 230 and 240, Introductory Biology + Labs                        10 units
               Chem. 115 and 215-216, Introductory Chemistry + Labs                  10 units
               Chem. 130, General Organic Chemistry                                   3 units
               Phys. 111-112 and 121-122, General Physics + Labs                      8 units
               Mathematics (to be selected from Math 226, 124 or Biol. 458)          3-4 units
       Upper Division requirements (42-44 units), includes 8 labs
               Biol. 355 Genetics                                                     3 units
               Biol. 401-402, General Microbiology + Lab                              5 units
               Biol. 430-431, Medical Microbiology + Lab                              5 units
               Biol. 435-436, Immunology + Lab                                        5 units
               Biol. 453-454, Parasitology + Lab                                      4 units
               Biol. 612, Human Physiology (lecture only)                             3 units
               Biol. 625, Hematology Lab                                              3 units
               Chem. 320, Quantitative analysis + Lab                                 4 units
               Chem. 334, Organic Chemistry I Lab                                     2 units
               Chem. 349, General Biochemistry                                        3 units
               Chem. 343, Biochemistry Lab                                            3 units
       Upper division electives (2-4 units)
               Biol. 420, General Virology                                            3 units
               Chem. 335, Organic Chemistry II Lab                                    2 units
       Total for major, includes 14 labs                                           76-79 units


      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                                        Final 11/06/09

285   Appendix B: Survey Tool to obtain student input
286   Note: When the survey was given in Spring 2009, there were 40-45 students in the BS in Clinical Science.
287   According to our most recent enrollment data, there are 49 (Fall 2009).

289                                                                        STUDENT SURVEY
290   The Dept. of Biology is considering the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science.
291   Reasons:
292   a. Currently, there are approximately 40 students in the B.S. in Clinical Science. Enrollment in this major has
293       decrease by 42% in the last 5 years (see Fig. 1 on enrollment data) and has decreased by 53% in the last 10
294       years. For some unknown reason, the Clinical Science major is one of the least popular majors in the Biology
295       Department.

                                                 No. of students in B.S.

                                                        Clin. Sci.




                                                                                2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

                                        Figure 1. Student enrollment in B.S. in Clinical
                                        Science. Data covers 5 year period from 2005 to
297   b. The B.S. in Clinical Science is one of the highest unit-requiring and lab-requiring majors in the Biology
298       department. Consequently, this major is also one of the most “expensive” majors supported by the Biology
299       Dept. Thus, resources to other majors are limited.
301           Table 1. Comparison of BS in Clin. Sci. versus other majors in Biology.
                                           B.S. in Clinical Science                                 Other Biology Majors
               Units                              76-79 units                                          Avg. 67 units
               No. Lab courses                    14-15 labs                                             9-10 labs
303   c. The B.S. in Clinical Science was designed over 45 years ago to channel students into the post-BS certificate
304       program in Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) and a career in Medical Technology.
305           Currently, less than 10% of the students admitted to the CLS program graduate from SFSU. In fact, most of
306       CLS admittees come from other universities. Thus, the B.S. in Clinical Science no longer serves the purpose
307       for which it was designed.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                  Final 11/06/09

310   d. The California Department of Health Services only requires 4 courses for admission to a post-BS CLS program.
311       These 4 courses are Chem. 320 (Analytical Chem.), Biol. 430 (Medical Microbiology), Biol. 435 (Immunology)
312       and Biol. 625 (Hematology). These courses can easily be satisfied within the B.S. in Microbiology.
313       Hence, eliminating the B.S. in Clinical Science will increase efficiency and reduce unnecessary redundancy and
314       costs.
316           Students who are currently enrolled in the Clinical Science major may choose to either change their major to
317   the Microbiology concentration or complete the B.S. in Clinical Science. Hence, we believe that the cancellation
318   would primarily impact student who would declare this major in the future.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                      Final 11/06/09

320   Appendix B: Survey Tool to obtain student input (continued).
321   Survey Questions
323   Use ScanTron for your answers. Use a #2 pencil on the ScanTron form.
325   1. Are you a student in the B.S. in Clinical Science?
327       a. YES, I am student in the B.S. in Clinical Science.
328       b. NO, I am student in another major.
331   2. Do you agree to the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science?
333       a. YES. I agree to the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science.
334       b. NO. I disagree to the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science.
337   3. Do you agree to the cancellation of the B.S. in Clinical Science if an advisor helped you to satisfy the [ 4 course ]
338       admission requirement to the post-BS Clinical Laboratory Science program using the B.S. in Microbiology?
340       a. YES. I agree to the cancellation if I could satisfy these requirements in the Microbiology major.
341       b. NO. I still disagree with the cancellation of B.S. in Clinical Science.
344   Please provide any additional comment below:
346   _________________________________________________________________________________
348   _________________________________________________________________________________
350   _________________________________________________________________________________
352   _________________________________________________________________________________
354   _________________________________________________________________________________
356   _________________________________________________________________________________
358   _________________________________________________________________________________
360   _________________________________________________________________________________
362   _________________________________________________________________________________
364   _________________________________________________________________________________
366   _________________________________________________________________________________
368   _________________________________________________________________________________
370   Thank you for your input.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                   Final 11/06/09

372   Appendix C. Proposed “tracks” within B.S. in Microbiology.
374   Proposed alternates for BS in Micro for students who plan to pursue career in Clinical Laboratory Science, physician
375   assistant, or dentistry. This curriculum is specifically organized to meet recommendations of Cal. Dept. Health
376   Services and admissions requirements of most CLS training programs in the state of California.
377   Recommendations for: (A) “General preparation in Microbiology” or (B) “Clin. Laboratory Science preparation”
                          A. General track                                      B. Clin. Lab. Sci. track
                              1 year College Chemistry : Chem 115 & 215-216 (10 units)
                              1 year College Physics : Phys 111-112 & 121-122 (8 units)
                                    1 year College Biology: Biol. 230-240 (10 units)
                                                                          
      1 sem. Calculus I: Math 226                               1 semester Calculus I: Math 226 (4 units)
                        AND                                       OR 1 sem. Statistics: Math 124 (3 units)
      1 sem. Calc II: Math 227 (4 units) OR                          OR 1 sem. Biometry: Biol. 458 (4 units)
      1 sem. Calc III: Math 228 (4 units) OR
      1 sem. Statistics: Math 124 (3 units) OR
      1 sem. Comp. Progr.: CSC 210 (3 units) OR
      1 sem. Biometry: Biol. 458 (4 units)
      1 year Org. Chem.: Chem 333-335 (6)                       1 sem. Org. Chem.: 130 (3 units) AND
                                                                 Quant. Chem: Chem 320 (4 units, incl. lab)
                                                                                       
      1 sem. Biochem: Chem 340 or 349 (3 units)                 1 sem. Biochem: Chem 349, only (3 units)
                                                                           
                                             1 sem. Genetics: Biol. 355 (3 units)
                                   1 sem. General Microbiology: Biol. 401-402 (5 units)
                                                                          
      Micro. Physiol.: Biol 442-443 (req’d) (5 units)               Hum Physiol.: Biol. 612 (req’d) (3 units)
                                                                            
      Micro Electives (11 units minimum, 2 courses must         Micro Electives (13-14 units, two courses must
      include labs):                                            include labs):
        Med. Micro: Biol 430 (3 units, S)                        Med. Micro. lecture: Biol 430 (3 units, S)
        Med. Micro lab: Biol. 431 (2 units, F)                   Immunology lecture: Biol. 435 (3 units, F/S)
        Parasitology: Biol. 453 (3 units, S)                     Hematology: Biol. 625 (3 units, incl. lab, S)
        Immunology: Biol. 435 (3 units, F/S)                         Med Micro Lab: Biol. 431 (2 units, F)
        Immunology Lab: Biol. 436 (2 units, S)                       Immunology Lab: Biol. 436 (2 units, S)
      With advisor approval:                                         Biochem Lab: Chem 343 (3 units, F/S) BUT
         Biol. 699, Indep. Study (1-3 units, 3.0 GPA)                    Chem 334 (OChem lab) is prerequisite.
         Biochem Lab: Chem 343 (3 units)                             Parasitology: Biol. 453 (4 units, S)
         And other courses with advisor approval.                    Virology : Biol. 420 (3 units, F)
           E.g., Biol. 350, 357, 450, 351                        = Req’d by Cal. Dept. Health Services (CDHS)
                                                                 = Highly recommended by CDHS & CLS
      Low Div. units: 35-36                                     Low Div. units: 35-36
      Up Div. units: 33 (reflects 11 elective units)            Up Div. units: 31-32 (incl. 13-14 elective units)
      Total units:      68-69                                   Total units:      66-68
      Comments: No changes.                                     Comments:
                                                                Students take Chem 130 instead of Ch 333. Chem
                                                                320 instead of Chem 335.
                                                                Biol. 612 instead of 442.
                                                                Effect on LD, UD & total units is negligible.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                       Final 11/06/09

381   Appendix D. Anonymous student comment obtained during survey (see appendix B).

383   I am thinking of getting into the post BS CLS program after I graduate anyways and most of the required classes will
384   already be satisfied by the Microbiology major
386   It seems as though Clinical Sciences could be made a specialization within the microbiology major, or a small
387   subset of classes could be made available for a minor in clinical sciences. It makes sense that a major with a large
388   # of requirements and little unique benefit would not be especially popular – a specialization would allow students to
389   direct and distinguish their degree from other microbio graduates
391   Suggestions
392   If department proceeds to cancel this program please consider opening a new program. E.g., B.S. in
393   Neurosciences
395   Once one major is cancelled then what will stop the school from canceling more major?
397   If a person is in another B.S. major i.e. Cell and Molecular, Physiology, will they be capable of entering the post-BS
398   CLS program?
400   I had wanted to major in the B.S. of Clinical Science, but an advisor would not let me chose it. If these changes are
401   not going to be done for a while why can I not still major in it. I think the major distinguishes regular microbiology
402   majors from the impacted Clinical Science major
404   The cancelation [sic] of the Clinical Science major may be beneficial for the Biology and Chemistry colleges as it
405   may provide funds for the other majors.
407   I belleve it is very important that “Yes” to question 3 is fulfilled. I am a student who may be interested in the post BS
408   CLS program.
410   I am a Microbiology major who is interested in the CLS program. I would welcome a cancellation of the major if it
411   means I would have to spend less time and money getting my degree.
413   Seems like a good idea, it makes sense.
415   If it is cancled they need to add more micro classes each sem. No more once a year classes.
417   In times such as these where budgets are tight, redundancies should be the first things to cut.
419   This makes great budgetary sense as long as the “saved” money is put to good use and we don’t cut classes! That
420   would be a shame.
422   Take some time and ask around how many undeclared people would go into the major before canceling it because
423   some people might change their mind.
425   I feel students don’t know much about WHAT exactly clinical sciences are. The demand for CLS hasn’t been
426   emphasized as much as the demand for nursing has been. People also don’t realize that the $$$ made as a CLS
427   can be just as good as an RN. The demand for nursing is now decreasing and students are looking for a career that
428   is insurance they’ll do well in the future. Thus, this is a perfect opportunity to promote being a CLS major!!
429   Cancel the major! Don’t waste money! We’re in a recession!
431   Due to the severe budget problems, I think it would benefit students, teachers, + SFSU as a whole to readjust our
432   budget to get the most benefits. The CLS program is valuable, so if the requirements can be satisfied by other
433   means, then I don’t feel it is necessary to keep B.S. in CLS if the same end result can be achieved through more
434   efficient means.

      B.S. in Clinical Science, Discontinuance                                                      Final 11/06/09

437   Appendix D. Anonymous student comment (continued).
439   My responses to this survey are based on the information on the back side of this sheet and on what I was
440   presented. I however do not feel that it is my place to make this decision since I am not a clinical science major nor
441   was I aware that there was such a major.
443   I hope cancellation of the CLS program saves money for the biology dept. If the CLS program is gone, there will be
444   more microbio majors. Will there be more biology classes offered? The lab sections keep getting cut.
446   I planned to be in B.S. in Clinical Science since I transferred into SFSU. But some advisors told that B.S. Clinical
447   Science major does not exist anymore, and I end up choosing B.S. Microbiology which also has less classes to take
448   to graduate. So, B.S. Microbio and B.S. Clinical Science seems the same for me and I believe more people will
449   choose B.S. Microbio.
451   I hope the money saved will go toward the Biology department.
453   I don’t like cancel the Clinical Science because the major is so important to study the field deeply.
455   I attempted to switch to the clinical science degree, but was told it was not accepting anymore students. Later I
456   found out that was not true but changed to Microbiology for the reduced course load. I agree that it is a redundant
457   major with little advantage over microbiology.
459   There are so many other people in the science majors struggling to get classes & labs that we should use the $
460   originally in the clinical sciences major to support extra labs for the hundreds of students out there.
462   It’s sad to see that this might happen, but if there aren’t many students majoring in this subject & they can take the
463   same courses w/ another major & still apply to a medical technology job doesn’t necessarily justify canceling the
464   major. I would like to see other reasons why this major should stay.


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