BACKGROUND by xiuliliaofz

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									BACKGROUND

   1895-Military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. It
    reverted to Chinese control after World War II.
   Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2
    million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a
    government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of
    China.
   Over the next 5 decades, the ruling authorities gradually
    democratized and incorporated the native population within the
    governing structure.
BACKGROUND

   In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power
    from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party.
   Taiwan became one of East Asia’s economic “ Tigers.”
GEOGRAPHY

   Eastern Asia, islands bordering
    the East China Sea, Philippine
    Sea, South China Sea, and
    Taiwan Strait, north of the
    Philippines, off the
    southeastern coast of China.
   Slightly smaller than Maryland
    and Delaware combined.
Natural Resources

   Small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and
    asbestos
People

   Population
        22,603,001 (July 2003)
   Age Structure
        0-14 years:20.1% (male 2,366,560; female 2,175,886)
        15-64 years:70.6% (male 8,095,741; female 7,871,954)
        65 years and over:9.3% (male 1,074,112; female
    1,018,747)
Religions

   Mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian
    4.5%, other 2.5%
   freedom of religion is guaranteed as a right of all people in
    Taiwan.
   To be recognized, religious groups must apply and register with
    the Civil Affairs Department of the Ministry of the Interior, after
    meeting stipulated requirements, including a minimum number
    of local believers, organizations, and sufficient funds.
LANGUAGES

   Official language is Mandarin
    Chinese
   Taiwanese
   Hakka dialects
GOVERNMENT

   Taiwan is part of the Republic of China
   Multiparty democratic regime headed by popularly-elected
    president
   Chief of state- President CHEN Shui-bien
   Vice President- Annette LU
LEGAL SYSTEM

   Based on civil law system
ECONOMY

   Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually
    decreasing guidance on investment and foreign trade by
    government authorities.
   Some large government-owned banks and industrial firms are
    being privatized.
   Exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialization.
   The trade surplus is substantial, and foreign reserves are the
    world’s third largest.
ECONOMY

   Agriculture contributes 2 % to GDP, down from 32% in 1952.
   While Taiwan is a major investor throughout Southeast Asia,
    China has become the largest destination for investment and
    has overtaken the US to become Taiwan’s largest export
    market.
BUDGET

   Revenues: $ 36 billion
   Expenditures: $ 36.1 billion
INDUSTRIES

   Electronics
   Petroleum refining
   Chemicals
   Textiles
   Iron and Steel
   Machinery
   Cement
   Food Processing
EXPORTS

   PARTNERS
   Hong Kong 23.9%
   U.S 20.8%
   Japan 9.3%
   China 7.7%
IMPORTS

   PARTNERS
   Japan 24.3%
   U.S 16.1%
   China 7.1%
   South Korea 6.9%
CURRENCY

   New Taiwan dollar (TWD)
   1 United States Dollar = 33.68001 Taiwan Dollar
TRANSPORTATION

   Highways
   Pipelines
   Ports and Harbors
   Airports
PUBLIC HEALTH

   There are an extensive network of hospitals and clinics in
    Taiwan
   Public medical care institutions consist of 96 hospitals and 492
    clinics
   Private medical care institutions consist of 543 hospitals and
    17,136 clinics.
   The control of infectious diseases in Taiwan has greatly
    improved.
   40 years ago, acute infectious diseases were the number one
    killer in the Taiwan area.
HEALTH INSURANCE

   March 1, 1995- government launched the National Health
    Insurance (NHI) program
   This system incorporated the medical insurance coverage
    provided by the original 13 public health insurance plans and
    further extended coverage to the 7.99 million citizens who were
    formerly uninsured, mainly the elderly, children, students,
    housewives, and the disabled.
Culture of Taiwan
     Taiwanese culture is very similar to that of China.
     Taiwanese opera are seen to be the half-sibling of Chinese
      opera.
     Health and longevity is also very important for Taiwanese.
      Many practise taijiquan, slow motion shadow boxing for
      exercise and as an art form.
     The Taiwanese are very superstitious about death, and they
      avoid its symbols (white and the number four), and never
      talk about dying or accidents.

								
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