Text A Joke
Part A Listening & Speaking
Offering & Seeking Help
Task 1 Listen and Repeat
Directions: Listen to the sample dialogue. Repeat
what you have heard. Please pay special attention to
the underlined parts about how to offer and seek help.
Task 2 Listen and Respond
Directions: Listen to the dialogue twice and then
answer the following questions, first for main ideas
and then for more details.
Task 3 Listen and Simulate
Directions: Listen to the sample dialogues and
complete the missing words. Then, make similar
dialogues according to the given situations.
Task 4 Create Your Own Dialogues
Directions: Practice with your
partner on how to offer and seek
help over the situations below or
think of a situation of your own. If
you need help, you may use the
expressions and sentence patterns
in the Useful Expressions chart.
At Yamamoto’s Fruit and
Basic Listening Techniques
Question & Response (2)（问答题）
1. 捕捉关键词 (Key Words)
【例1】（2007年 6 月B级）
Are you going to buy a house?
A. I’m sorry. B. It’s my pleasure. C. Yes, I am. D. Yes, I do.
【解析】C是正确选项。“Are you going to buy a house?”是一
肯定回答是“Yes, I am.”否定回答是“No, I’m not.” D没听清助
【例2】（2007年 12 月B级）
How often do you go on line?
A. Yes, please. B. For two months.
C. Every day. D. Yes, I will.
【解析】C符合题意。“How often do you go on line?” 是特殊疑
how long have you been on line?” A 和D应是对一般疑问句的回
【例3】（2005年 6 月B级）
Excuse me. How much are these shoes?
A. They are too big. B. They are the same size.
C. They are thirty dollars. D. They are in fashion.
2．注意英语习惯表达法 （Idiomatic Expressions）
【例4】（2006年 12 月B级）
I’m terribly sorry we are late.
A. It’s possible. B. That’s all right.
C. No way. D. My pleasure.
如果对方说 “I’m sorry/terribly sorry/very sorry that … ”, 人们
通常回答 “That’s all right./It doesn’t matter.” A, C和D都不合英
【例5】（2006年 12 月B级）
Thank you very much for your help.
A. Yes, of course. B. Is it true?
C. You’re welcome. D. No, thanks.
感 激 他 人 做 某 事 的 习 惯 回 答 有 ： You’re welcome./It’s my
pleasure./Don’t mention it./Not at all. 等。A， B和D都不合英语
【例6】（2002年 6 月B级）
Could I speak to Doctor Johnson?
A. Yes, you do. B. Yes, he is in.
C. Hold the line please. D. Go ahead, please.
人们通常说对不起，然后简单解释原因 “Sorry, he … ”，或者
说 “Hold the line please.” 然后去叫人。如果接电话的人正是要
找的人，人们通常说“Speaking.”/“This is … speaking.” A, B和
Part B Reading & Writing
1.As you are learning a new language, what are
some difficulties that you are finding?
2.What are the values and pleasures of knowing
1. Tips for Reading
Try to read at the right level. Read something that you can
more or less understand. If you need to stop every three words
to look in a dictionary, it is not interesting for you and you will
soon be discouraged.
Make a note of new vocabulary. If there are four or five new
words on a page, write them in your vocabulary book. But you
don’t have to write them while you read. Instead, try to guess
their meaning as you read; mark them with a pen; then come
back when you have finished reading to check in a dictionary
and add them to your vocabulary book.
Try to read regularly. For example, read for a short time once
a day. Fifteen minutes every day is better than two hours
every Sunday. Fix a time to read and keep to it. For example,
you could read for fifteen minutes when you go to bed, or
when you get up, or at lunchtime.
Be organised. Have everything ready: something to read; a
marker to highlight difficult words; a dictionary; your
vocabulary book; a pen to write down the new words.
Read what interests YOU. Choose a magazine or book about a
subject that you like.
2. How to Hear English Everywhere
So how can you hear a lot of English when you’re not in an
English-speaking country or family? Fortunately, there are
many ways of hearing English in almost all countries of the
You can receive English language radio in most countries. Two
of the best international networks are the BBC World Service
and Voice of America. Both of them have special programs for
learners of English. You can find information about times and
frequencies for your country on their web sites.
TV is an excellent resource for hearing and listening to
English. The pictures help you understand what is being said.
If you don’t have access to English-language TV, you may be
able to watch TV on Internet.
It is now a lot easier to hear English by Internet. If you’re
reading this at your computer, you can probably listen to some
English-language radio news right now, without even moving!
To be able to listen to radio on the Internet, you’ll need to
have special software called a “player” installed in your
computer. Most sites work with two players — the
RealPlayer from RealNetworks and the Windows Media
Player from Microsoft. Don’t worry. Both these players are
free and you may already have them installed on your
Songs in English are everywhere, even on foreign language
radio and TV stations. Listen to them often. Buy some
cassettes or CDs, or make recordings, and try to write the
words for an entire song. But choose one that is not too
difficult. That means it should be reasonably slow, and with
real words sung clearly. Some pop songs are very unclear and
are difficult even for native English speakers to understand
Video has one really great advantage. You can play it again
and again. You can use video to watch film cassettes that you
buy or borrow. And you can use video to record programmes
from television and then watch them several times to improve
Try to make friends with English-speaking people so that you
can practise your English through conversation. Of course,
this will practise your speaking as well as your listening. And
if you don’t have a lot of time to go out and meet people, at
least you can chat a little by telephone.
Finally, don’t worry if you don’t understand everything you
hear. Hearing comes first! Understanding comes next!
By Josef Essberger
Success Starts with Language
⑴ Knowing how to go about learning a language can make
all the difference to how successful you are. There is, however,
no single “correct” way of learning; everyone is different.
Trust your instincts but at the same time don’t close your
mind to new ideas. T
reaching of a desired goal 成功，胜利
He earned great success in Europe as a musician.
A public opinion study showed that ninety-seven percent of
the public considered the talks a success.
The study shows that early childhood education improves
the educational success of poor children.
Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母。
Nothing succeeds like success. 一旦功成名就，则事事容易成
1) succeed v. achieve the desired goal 取得成功
The road safety campaign succeeded in cutting road deaths
down by 10 percent.
2) successful a. having success 成功的
His interview was very successful.
I’m afraid my attempt to make a cake wasn’t very
make a start at 着手做, 忙于
Let’s go about our business now or we will be behind our
How do we go about filling out this new application?
I want him back, but I just don’t know how to go about it.
make a/the difference
have an important effect or influence on 有影响，起作用
It makes all the difference whether you go today or
He says salt does not make all the difference in controlling
blood pressure when people eat the right foods.
make some difference to 对„„有些关系
make no difference to 对„„没有关系
make a great deal of difference 有很大差别
I’m afraid there is not much (differ)_________ in their
points of view.
1) v. have confidence in 信任，信赖
How can I trust you if you keep lying to me?
A good friend is someone you can trust.
When Helen says she will work hard, you can trust her.
2) n. 信任，信赖
They talked about ways to reduce violence and build trust.
They want to increase public trust in the safety of
【构词】 distrust v. , n. 不信任
The two nations have distrusted each other for years.
He seemed to look on us with distrust.
at the same time
at the same moment 同时
Don’t all speak at the same time. I can’t hear you clearly.
We are going on a vacation and will be visiting friends at
the same time.
⑵ Make time on a regular basis for your language learning.
Little and often is best — ten minutes every day tends to be
more effective than a marathon session once a week. But
don’t limit yourself to ten minutes! T
a. happening very often 经常的，定期的
The shirt is on sale today for $40.00. The regular price is
【词组】on a regular basis 经常地
He exercises on a regular basis.
You should change the battery in your smoke alarm on a
How much money do you plan to keep in your account on
a regular basis?
v. is likely to happen 倾向，往往是
The report says that when women fall in love, they tend to
Many cultures allow their plans to change as necessary,
unlike Americans who tend to keep their plans fixed.
a. successful 有效的，有力的
Mr. Knipling developed effective ways to control insects
without using harmful chemicals.
They must make sure that every village and town can get
effective medicines to treat malaria.
It is reported that his medicine is ______ against lung cancer.
A. economic B. easy C. expensive D. effective
limit … to
They limited their travel expenses to 1,000 dollars.
I was told to limit my speech to half an hour.
⑶ Be realistic and don’t expect miracles. Language
learning takes time and commitment — don’t expect to be
fluent overnight and don’t be hard on yourself when you
can’t remember everything you’ve learnt. T
1) ad. suddenly or surprisingly quickly一晚上，突然
Be patient. These solutions cannot be found overnight!
These places seem to become wealthy and famous overnight.
2) ad. for or during the night 整夜，一晚上
They stayed overnight in New York after watching the play at
3) a. 晚上的，夜里的
For most children, overnight camp is the only time during the
year when they are away from their parents.
be hard on oneself/somebody
criticize oneself/someone in an unfair way 过分严厉对待自
Don’t be too hard on him. He’s new to the job.
The new boss seems to be hard on his employees. He
demands too much.
Many times people are hard on themselves. They want to
accomplish more and more.
⑷ Don’t worry too much about mistakes. It’s a normal
part of the learning process, and you’ll learn much more
quickly by having a go at speaking than by saying nothing
until you’re word perfect. Generally, people are only too
pleased to hear you trying to speak their language and make
allowances if you don’t get it exactly right. T
a. usual, expected 正常的，正规的
It is normal to have typhoons during our rainy season.
The treatment will be considered successful if patients are
able to take part in daily activities of normal living.
normally ad. 正常地，通常地
Normally, I would go fishing at weekend, but the weather is
n. a series of actions bringing about a result 过程，程序
The decision making process is slow.
The following guidelines may help you better manage the
have a go at
While you are still young, have a go at finishing your
The company decided they will have a go at developing their
new product line.
My coach said that I should have a go at trying to compete
for the Olympics.
a. the best possible 完美的，理想的
This car is in perfect condition.
It is the perfect job for him.
Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。
make allowance 体谅，原谅
Make allowance for the heavy traffic by leaving early.
Many teachers make allowance for students who work part
I am hoping to find a company where the boss makes
allowance for the inexperience of new employees.
⑸ Improve your accent and your confidence by listening to
speakers on the audio and video clips over and over and
imitating them closely — out loud. The more you do this, the
more you’ll find yourself becoming comfortable with the
sounds of the language. T
n. believe in one’s ability 信心
An earlier study found consumer confidence is on the rise.
They said the situation will not change until Israeli and
Palestinian leaders take steps to end the violence, re-build
confidence, and re-open negotiations.
confident a. 确信的，有信心的
He was a confident young man.
He felt confident that he will get the job.
v. act the same way as others 模仿，仿造
He who imitates has no imagination.
It was so funny that the monkey was able to imitate our boss.
imitation n. 模仿，效法
Imitation is the most sincere form of flattery.
the more …, the more …
越„„, 越 „„
The longer I live, the more I realize the influence of attitude
The more I thought about it, the more I like the project.
a. enough to be happy 舒适的
Our new house is comfortable, but we hear planes go over
our house at all hours.
The thick heavy quilt was comfortable to sleep in during
those cold nights.
A guest room is expected to be appealing to guests; yet, it is
more important that the guests feel comfortable.
1) comfort n. , v. 安慰，舒适
Nurses give comfort to sick people.
I tried to comfort her but it was no use.
2) uncomfortable a. 不舒服的，不安的，不合意的
Well, I’ll admit the room is uncomfortable. But the rent is
⑹ Make a point of finding out about the people and the
culture of the country where the language is spoken. Search
the web for information but don’t expect to understand
everything since these are written for native speakers. T
make a point of doing 特别注意, 重视
He made a point of reading a new book every month.
Whoever you are, and whatever you do, make a point of
relaxing and enjoying life.
1)【词组】search for look for 搜索，寻找
Students often search the site for information.
They will search for ways to help solve this problem.
2) n. 搜索，寻找
After a long search, they found the lost car.
a. born in a certain place 本国的，出生地的
He speaks English so well that I thought he was a native
Native American Indians believe that the land has a spirit of
⑺ Make a point of looking up and using at least one new
word every day. When you’re learning words and phrases,
use any method which works for you and don’t be afraid of
trying out different approaches: write them on post-it notes
and stick them around the house, record them on cassette,
write lists, and get friends to test you — they don’t
necessarily have to be able to speak the language. T
the smallest amount or degree 至少
This nursing position requires at least two years of nursing
We should get to the theater at least half an hour earlier
because there’ll be a big line.
I would like to live somewhere near the university or at least
on a bus line.
at most 至多
A book contains at most a thousand pages. But a CD-ROM
can store at least 250,000 pages of text.
be afraid of
be worried about 担忧
Many parents tell their children not to be afraid of the
sound of thunder.
People would not be afraid of the future if they knew how
to prepare for it.
The child is afraid of dogs and cries every time one comes
Sometimes the only way you’ll know if you like something is
to try (it) out.
Let’s go and try out the new menu at Kentucky Fried
Try out the dumplings, they’re good.
1) n. way of handling a situation 方法，步骤
She took a friendly approach in talking with her neighbor
about the problem.
He presented a new approach to teaching language.
2) v. move toward向„„靠近
Time is approaching when we should start preparing for the
Here’s what you should do when a stray (迷路的) dog
ad. as must be 必然地，必定地
The overtime scheduled for this weekend isn’t necessarily
We don’t necessarily need a new car, but we bought one
Traveling in that country isn’t necessarily expensive. You can
find low-priced hotels.
1) necessary a. 必须的, 必不可少的
Do you have the skill necessary for the job?
2) necessity n. 需要, 必需
I would like you to come with me, but it is not a necessity.
⑻ If your ambition is to speak the language, you need to
train yourself to listen without always seeing it written down.
You might find this hard at first but it pays off when you
come to speak it.
⑼ And last, but by no means least, never underestimate the
value and the pleasure of knowing another language. It
breaks down barriers between cultures, and knowing even a
little can make all the difference to the attitudes of the people
you meet in other countries. It can also develop your
communication skills in general, making you more confident
and helping you to let go of your inhibitions. It’s well worth
the effort! T
If you have a debt, you must pay it off.
Pay it off before you receive penalties（处罚）.
by no means
He will by no means lend you his new car.
By no means should you expect to pass this course without
By no means did we suggest that we would sell our house so
The wind was getting so strong, we were afraid it would
break down the house.
The firemen had to break down the door to rescue the people
inside the building.
This old car breaks down all the time. I need to get a new one.
The manager’s health has _________ from overwork in
A. broken down B. broken through
C. broken out D. broken up
选 项 A. broken down“ 损 坏 ” ， 符 合 题 意 。 B. broken
through意为“突围”；C. broken out“爆发”；D. broken
If the machine should _______, call this number immediately.
A. break down B. set out C. put on D. go up
选项A. broken down“损坏”，符合题意。set out意为“出
发, 开始”；put on“穿上，把„„放在上面”；go up“上升，
n. feeling or ideas about 态度，看法
I was really puzzled by Harriet’s attitude yesterday.
I thought maybe you should change your attitude.
In general, he prefers dogs as pets.
In general, I really don’t care what promises they make.
In general, boys like to play computer games more than girls.
a. with strong belief 自信的，确信的
She walked onto the stage in a confident way.
I’m confident of his ability as a manager.
Our team is confident of winning the game.
confidence n. 信心
He has a lot of confidence in his ability.
【全真题】 2005年 6月 B级
Although John was not experienced in business, he did it
with (confident) __________.
【全真题】 2005年 6月 B级
He is (confidence)________ even though he has failed several
let go of
Many people cannot let go of the past.
It’s hard to let go of bad habits that you enjoy.
1) a. good enough for 值得„„的
This month there will be a sight in the evening sky worth
But you will find people who think these collections represent
memories that are worth sharing.
2) a. equal in value to 有某种价值
The destruction has caused more than thirty million dollars
worth of damage.
He has a five-year agreement with the Nike Company worth
A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 一鸟在手，胜于
1) n. 努力
His effort in his scientific studies earned him a scholarship.
The agreement helps China in its effort to join the World
2)【词组】make an effort 做出努力
Humans should make an effort to live together with other life
forms on Earth.
If we all make an effort to keep the room clean it will help.
⑩ Enjoy your learning. Don’t let it become a chore and
never compare yourself with other people because everyone
learns differently. T
v. look for similarities or differences 比较
Scientists compared genetic structures to find genes that
might be linked to aging.
Before exams, Helen likes to study with a friend, compare
notes, quiz each other and predict exam questions.
1) compare … with 比较，相比
Instant coffee can’t be compared with freshly ground coffee.
Do not compare yourself with others, because you are unique.
2) compare … to 比作
Shakespeare compared the world to a stage.
He compared his lover to a rose in his poem.
Verb Tenses (2)（时态）
1. 一般将来时 （The Future Indefinite Tense）
1) 表示将要发生的动作或情况，常由助动词 will 加动词原形
构成。 当主语为第一人称时，也可用助动词 shall 代替 will。
I’m sure you will do well on the test.
The weather will be hot in two months.
2) 一般将来时的其他用法还有：be going to + 动词原形和 be
to + 动词原形等。例如：
I’m going to paint my room this Sunday.
We are to start our exam if you are ready.
2. 一般过去将来时 （The Past Indefinite Future Tense）
He decided to tell his friends about it. They would help him to
solve the problem.
John said he would be at the airport to meet me.
Whenever they had time, the old couple would take a walk
together along the country road.
As a little boy, he would ask his mom for advice when he met
3. 过去进行时 (The Past Progressive Tense)
I was watching a TV talk show at 8:00 last night.
Last year at this time I was preparing for the college entrance
While I was studying in one room of our apartment, my
roommate was having a party in the other room.
I was walking down the street when it began to rain.
4. 过去完成时 (The Past Perfect Tense)
Sam had already left by the time I got there.
The play had already started when we got to the theater.
The thief simply walked in as someone had forgotten to lock
They showed us the new machine they had made.
5. 将来完成时 (The Future Perfect Tense)
续的动作。经常与before +将来时间或by + 将来时间连用，
也可与 before 或 by the time 引导的现在时的从句连用。
I will have finished all the work by the time you are back this
I hope we will have solved the problem before you come
He said, “I __________ a lot of new words by the end of last
A. had already learnt B. would have already learnt
C. have already learnt D. already learnt
【解析】例1 的答案是A。by the end of last year是明确的表示
2. before和 ago的区别
Jim told me he (join) _____________ the army two years before.
【解析】例2 的答案是 had joined。“时间段 + before”，表
段 + ago”，表示从说话时刻算起的若干时间以前，常用于一
Though he _____________ well prepared before the job
interview, he failed to answer some important questions.
A. will be B. would be C. has been D. had been
On his way home he suddenly remembered that he (not lock)
________ the door of the office.
【解析】 例3 的答案是D。Had been。例4 的答案是had not
用过去完成时 “had not locked”。
By this time next year my family (live) _____________ in this
small town for 20 years.
By the end of next month, we (find) __________a good
solution to the technical problem.
【解析】例5 的正确答案是 will have lived。例6 的正确答
案是 will have found。by the time + 将来时间点和 by the
end of + 将来时间点引导的时间状语表示到将来某个时间
Directions: Fill in each blank with the proper form of the verb
given in brackets.
1. It (rain) _______________. You’d better take an umbrella
is going to rain
would not be
2. I was afraid that you (not be) _______________ able to find
3. It was a beautiful day yesterday when we went for a walk
in the park. The sun (shine) ______________ and a cool wind
4. While she (read) ______________ the little boy a story, he
5. It was raining hard. But by the time class was over, the rain
had already given
6. I was late. The teacher (already give) _______________ a
quiz when I got to class.
will have finished
7. By the end of this month, we (finish) ___________________
will have lasted
8. The meeting (last) ______________ a full week by the time
9. Hardly had we gathered in the square when it (begin)
_________ to rain.
10. When I found Linda, she (play) ______________ table
tennis with her friend Jean.
What is slang?
Slang is a subset of a language used by one particular group.
It consists of words and expressions which will not be found in
the dictionary, and can be distortions（失真）of existing
words or entirely invented terms. It is used in informal
situations. It is not appropriate in formal situations.
Who uses slang?
Slang is used by all kinds of
groups of people who share
situations or interests. The group
which uses these words is always
in the minority, and often use
slang to set themselves apart or
make it difficult for ordinary
people to understand them.
When a particular new
expressions is known and used
by a large majority of the
population, it is no longer slang,
but part of the regular language
Why does slang exist?
Slang fulfills at least two different functions, depending on
whose point of view you take. For the groups that use slang, it
is a way to set themselves apart, to express themselves in a
distinct and individual way, and sometimes to keep secrets
from being known by others. But for the society in general and
the development of the language, slang performs another role.
For the language, slang is like a linguistic（语言学上的）
laboratory, where new words and forms can be tested out,
applied to a variety of situations, and then either abandoned
or incorporated（合成一体） into the regular language.
What happens to slang words and expressions?
After a period of between a few months and many years, slang
is used by limited groups with something in common. The far
majority never reach the popularity and level of use to become
regular words, and are soon forgotten and not used. A few
reach widespread usage and can be found in each new edition
of the popular dictionaries. Many of the words we use everyday
and can find in the dictionary began life as slang. Even
Shakespeare used slang.
Source: http://www. bu.edu/mfeldman/Slang/
The English language is full of idioms
(over 15,000). Native speakers of
English use idioms all the time, often
without realising that they are doing so.
This means that communication with
native speakers of English can be quite
a confusing experience.
What is an idiom?
An idiom is a group of words which, when
used together, has a different meaning
from the one which the individual words
have. For example:
— How do you know about John’s illness?
— Oh, I heard it on the grapevine. Of course, the second
speaker does not mean he heard the news about John by
putting his ear to a grapevine! He is conveying the idea of
information spreading around a widespread network,
visually similar to a grapevine. We use idioms to express
something that other words do not express as clearly or as
cleverly. We often use an image or symbol to describe
something as clearly as possible and thus make our point as
effectively as possible. For example, “in a nutshell” suggests
the idea of having all the information contained within very
few words. Idioms tend to be informal and are best used in
spoken rather than written English.
How can people learn idioms?
It is best to learn idioms as you do vocabulary. In other words,
select and actively learn idioms which will be useful to you.
Write the idiom in a relevant and practical sentence so that
you will be able to remember its meaning easily. If you can,
record the idioms in your file and on a card along with other
words and idioms which have similar meanings.
3. Website for idioms
If you are interested in idiom, here is a good site where you
can find the meaning of many idioms:
4. Difference in Vocabulary between American English and
American English British English Chinese Meaning
apartment flat 公寓
bathroom/restroom toilet 洗手间
can tin 罐头
American English British English Chinese Meaning
candy sweets 糖果
chips crisps 洋芋片
cookie biscuit 饼干
corn maize 玉米
collect call reverse charge call 对方付费电话
elevator lift 电梯
eraser rubber 橡皮擦
first floor ground floor 一楼
American English British English Chinese Meaning
flashlight torch 手电筒
French fries chips 薯条
garbage can dustbin 垃圾桶
gas gasoline petrol 汽油
jelly jam 果酱
mad angry 生气
math maths 数学
napkin serviette 餐巾
American English British English Chinese Meaning
potato chips crisp 薯片
purse/pocketbook handbag 手提包
soccer football 足球
roundtrip return 来回票
sidewalk pavement 人行道
stove cooker 炉子
sweater jumper 毛衣
truck lorry 卡车
American English British English Chinese Meaning
trunk boot 汽车后面的行李
vacation holiday 假期
catalog catalogue 目录
civilization civilisation 文明
color colour 颜色
favorite favourite 最爱
honor honour 荣誉
organization organisation 组织
practice practise 练习
Source: http://www. wwenglish.com
⑴ Ever go jogging in a business suit? What about going to a
job interview in pajamas? Dressing appropriately is a lot like
using a foreign language in the right way. It all depends on
the situation. People in America use formal English for
making speeches and writing business letters. But they prefer
informal language when they talk to friends. Americans are
fairly relaxed, both in styles of dress and in language. So to
understand their culture, it pays to know something about
informal language — in other words, English in blue jeans
and a T-shirt. T
run at a slow speed 慢跑
It’s too hot to go jogging this afternoon.
He said he feels better after he goes jogging.
I only like to go jogging in the morning when it’s cool, and
not in the afternoon.
what about …
What about your days in college? Did you enjoy school, or
What about Tom? He had signed up for the meeting, but he
never did attend.
He had a lot to say at today’s meeting.
You must save a lot of money to buy a house nowadays.
in the right way
You must follow procedures in the right way, or you’ll make
Parents try to teach their children how to live in the right
trust, need for support 依靠，依赖
You can depend on him.
Do not depend on other people to look after your money.
a. made or done officially or publicly 正式的，形式上的
This is a formal dinner party. Be sure to wear your best
I received a formal invitation to the wedding party.
informal a. 不正式的，不拘礼节的
Sports games between universities and colleges, formal or
informal, often happen.
At an informal party, you are allowed to wear jeans and a T-
v. like more 更喜欢，宁愿
It is a matter of what you prefer, to go to a college or to look
for a job.
I don’t understand this modern music. I prefer Beethoven.
They serve very good Chinese food here in this restaurant.
Which style do you prefer?
【词组】prefer … to 更喜欢，宁愿
If you can arrange it, I’d prefer tomorrow to the day after
If I have a choice, I would prefer to go to Tibet rather than
For testing, I prefer writing a paper to taking an exam.
1) preference n. 偏爱，优先选择
Here are photos of the apartments available that fit your
2) preferable a. 更可取的，更好的
Do you think a master’s degree is preferable to a bachelor’s
degree in the job market?
in other words
put differently 换言之
We can not afford it. In other words, we are broke.
In other words, he told us bluntly, we are not invited.
⑵ English, like every language, is always changing. New
slang terms are created all the time. Often they’re here
today, gone tomorrow. For instance, if you wanted to call
something exciting in the 1960s, you would say it was
groovy or far out. Today you might describe it as cool or
even bad. Each small group of American society — from
teenagers to thieves to cultural groups — has its own slang.
People who aren’t a part of the “in-group” can’t
understand the meaning, even though the words are
“English”. So it’s not easy for outsiders to use slang
事，你会说 “groovy” 很帅的，或
“far out” 走在时代前沿的。而今天
你 会 形 容 为 “ cool” 很 酷 ， 甚 至
附属小团体 —— 从青少年、小偷，
all the time
During winter time, it seems to rain all the time.
All the time she would come home complaining how bad
her job is.
for example 例如
Several of his friends came to see him, Bill, Mike and John,
For instance, why would you prefer Beijing over Shanghai?
⑶ Like many languages, American English has numerous
idioms that paint word pictures. Idioms, for example, are
combined words that would not normally make sense if
taken literally. These colorful expressions come from
everyday life and add interest to language. And here are
some examples: When Americans want to make a good first
impression on someone, they try to put their “best foot
forward” (best impression). That way, they won’t get off on
the “wrong foot” (a bad start) in their relationship.
Learning about idioms in a language and culture can be difficult,
but don’t get “cold feet” (be afraid). Just be careful when using
these expressions. Otherwise, you might put your “foot in your
mouth” (embarrass yourself by saying something foolish). T
成语。比如, 成语是由固定的词组成, 按照字面意思通常
sound reasonable 讲得通，有意义
Quite a lot of us can’t make sense of what she said in class
My boss doesn’t talk much, but what he says makes sense.
It doesn’t make sense to buy that expensive hat when you
have so many hats at home.
The students in our class came from different parts of the
If you come from the northern part of the city, just follow
the map to get to our university.
I cannot understand that guy. I do not know where he is
1) v. increase the size or amount of 增加，添加
Beat the butter and sugar together and slowly add the eggs.
Please add one more example to illustrate the usage of the word.
2) v. say more 补充说
However, they add that trading is never completely without risk.
The weather experts add that thirteen of the past sixteen spring
seasons in the United States have been warmer than normal.
make a good first impression on
Make a good first impression on your teacher by arriving on
The new teacher made a good first impression on the students.
Most everyone agrees that you only have one chance to make
a good first impression on someone.
put one’s best foot forward
During the Olympics, the Chinese plan to put their best foot
While meeting his future wife’s family, he wanted to put his
best foot forward.
Many people always want to put their best foot forward
during an interview.
get off on the wrong foot
If we got off on the wrong foot, I apologize.
Let’s not get off on the wrong foot by criticizing each other.
In business, you don’t want to get off on the wrong foot with a
get cold feet
If you get cold feet before the interview, you’ll do poorly.
After she thought about it, she started getting cold feet in
1) ad. if not, or else 否则，不然
I’m not feeling very well today. Otherwise I would go to the
party with you.
You must pay your bill on time; otherwise, you will be in
2) ad. in every other way 除此以外
The house is far from the school, but otherwise it is nice.
Their plane was late, but otherwise they had a wonderful trip.
④ Americans enjoy making things easy on themselves. Even
their pronunciation is relaxed. Sounds that are not stressed are
shortened or combined with other sounds. As a result, “What do
you want to do?” becomes “Whaddaya wanna do?” And “I
don’t know” sounds like “I dunno.” School teachers probably
cringe at this kind of pronunciation. But the fact is, that’s how
Americans often talk in real-life situations. T
果,“What do you want to do?” 变成了“Whaddaya wanna
do?”。而“I don’t know.” 听起来就像“I dunno.”学校的老
v. make short 缩短，(使)变短
On the first day of summer, the days begin to shorten.
His speech lasted for hours; he should have shortened it.
We stood in line for hours waiting for the line to shorten.
We have to find new ways to (short) __________ the process of
join together (使) 联合，(使) 结合
Bad hotel service combined with terrible weather ruined our
If we combine our resources with theirs, we’ll meet the
When you combine smoke with fog, you get smog.
as a result
As a result of his invention of dynamite, Alfred Nobel became
a very wealthy man.
Many people realize they weigh too much. As a result, they
are changing the way they eat in order to lose weight.
It is not unusual for her to sit up studying until 1 or 2 in the
morning. As a result, she has a hard time getting up for work.
⑤ Americans enjoy being informal. They like making
themselves comfortable, whether it’s wearing blue jeans and
a T-shirt or using informal language. T
Article source: http://www.ywhc.net/article
Watch and Respond
Directions: Watch the video and complete the idiom,
then match the idiom with its meaning.
Directions: Watch the video again and fill in the
Letter of Thanks (感谢信)
Thank you for your kindness during my visit.
Dear Mrs. Dallas:
I was so grateful to you and Mr. Dallas for your kindness
and attention to me during my stay in. Your dinner and
hospitality made us feel welcome in this. It seemed as if I were
your own son. It was unforgettable.
You told me recently that you would come to. I am looking
forward to seeing you both as soon as possible.
January 29, 2010
Dear President of :
I am writing this letter to thank you for your warm hospitality
during our visit to your university. I would also like to thank you
for your discussion with me, which I have found very interesting
During our visit, my delegation and I were deeply touched by
the enthusiasm from your teachers and students. I believe our
future discussions will lead to possible ways to expand our
I am looking forward to your early visit to when I will be able
to pay back some of the hospitality I received during my stay in
your beautiful university. With kind personal regards.
Vice President of University
1. Thank you so much for your valuable present.
2. Many thanks for your kind and warm letter.
3. Never can I forget your hospitality during our visit to New
4. Please accept my sincere appreciation for your kind
inquiry about my health.
5. I’m forever grateful for all your past kindness.
6. Thank you very much/most sincerely/indeed/from the
bottom of my heart for …
7. I hope something will bring you to New York soon so that I
can reciprocate （报答） your kindness.
8. You must give me the chance to return your kindness
when you visit here.
9. If I can in any way return your kindness, it will give me
much pleasure to do so.
10. I shall be most happy to return the favor, should the
Directions: Write a letter to thank a friend or a business
1. his or her hospitality during your visit.
2. a present he or she gave you on your birthday.
3. his concern for your health.
Directions: Read the following article on how to write an
appreciation letter. After reading decide whether the following
statements in the chart are right (R) or wrong (W) according to the
How to Write an Appreciation Letter
People like others who show kindness. Employees work
harder when they feel appreciated（赏识）. With a sincere,
well-written appreciation letter you can improve relations and
open doors to future opportunities.
● Write your appreciation letter within a few days of
whatever happened to inspire（使生灵感）your gratitude.
●Handwrite a personal appreciation letter on a sheet of
●Use customized letter head for business correspondence.
●Address your appreciation letter to a specific person, if
possible, not just to the company or to the organization in
●Specifically state what you appreciate.
●Be sincere — most people can sense when you are not
●Write clearly and concisely; this is no time to be
longwinded （说话慢而长的） or flowery.
●Avoid thanking the person beforehand — for example:
“Thanking you in advance for your help in this matter.” To do
so is presumptuous （专横的） and suggests you do not feel the
need to write a follow-up letter.
●Close with warm regards or best wishes for continued
Source: WriteExpress Corporation
Task Read and Check
Statement R or W
Write your appreciation letter within a few days of
Use customized letter head for business and personal
3 Address your appreciation letter to a specific person. R
Address your appreciation letter to the company or to
the organization in general.
5 Be specific about what you appreciate. R
If possible, write a long and flowery appreciation
letter to show your sincereness.
7 Thank the person beforehand if possible. W
Part C Fun Time
On a crowded bus, one man
noticed that another man had
his eyes closed.
“What’s the matter? Are you
sick?” he asked.
“No, I’m okay. It’s just that I
hate to see old ladies standing
1. What is the longest word in
the English language?
2. What has a neck, but no head?
1. smiles. Because there is a mile between the
first and the last letter.
2. A bottle. Neck 1) 颈 2) 颈状物
Directions: Listen to the following questions and complete
Directions: Listen to the following short conversations and
choose the best answer.
Directions: Listen to the following short passage and then
fill in the blanks with the missing words or phrases.
Directions: Listen to the passage again and then answer the
questions in no more than three words.
Text Related Tasks
Practical Reading and Writing
Part I Listening Comprehension(15 minutes)
Directions: Listen to the questions and choose the best answer.
The questions will be spoken twice.
Directions: Listen to the dialogues and choose the best
answer. Both the dialogues and questions will be spoken
Directions: Listen to the short passage and fill in the blanks
with the missing words or phrases. The passage will be read
Part II Vocabulary & Structure (15 minutes)
Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Part IV Translation — English into Chinese
Part V Writing(25 minutes)