Muckrakers and News by shuifanglj

VIEWS: 129 PAGES: 15

									Muckrakers: Past and
Does the Public Have the
    Right to Know?
    Is this something we
      needed to know?
What is the difference between good
 journalism and sensationalism?

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Before we can change things, we need
          to know about it.
           What is a Muckraker?
•   The term muckraker most associated with a group of American investigative reporters,
    novelists and critics from the late 1800s to early 1900s, who investigated and exposed
    societal issues such as conditions in slums and prisons, factories, insane asylums (as they
    were called at the time), sweatshops, mines, child labor and unsanitary conditions in food
    processing plants. Muckrakers often wrote about impoverished people and took aim at the
    established institutions of society, sometimes in a sensationalist and tabloid manner. (See
    History of American newspapers for Muckrakers in the daily press). Muckrakers were often
    accused of being socialists or communists. In the early 1900s, muckrakers shed light on
    such issues by writing books and articles for popular magazines and newspapers such as
    Cosmopolitan, The Independent, and McClure's.The term muckraker now also applies to
    contemporary persons who follow in the tradition of that period, and now covers topics such
    as fraudulent claims by manufacturers of patent medicines, modern-day slavery, child
    prostitution, child pornography, and drug trafficking.Although the term muckraking might
    appear to have a negative connotation to it, muckrakers have often served the public
    interest by uncovering crime, corruption, waste, fraud and abuse in both the public and
    private sectors.     (Wikipedia)
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                                         Lincoln Steffens
      • Lincoln Steffens (1866-1936) was a muckraking editor and
        journalist. He helped to move the Progressive movement
        forward at the turn of the 20th century by exposing
        corruption in business and politics. He was born in San
        Francisco and raised in Sacramento. He graduated from the
        University of California, Berkeley. Steffens wrote a series of
        articles on graft in cities across the country, and gained a
        national readership. His articles were collected and released
        in the book The Shame of the Cities (1904). His best-known
        book, however, was his Autobiography (1931).
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                                           Frank Norris
• Frank Norris (1870-1912) attacked the
  power of big business in America with
  his muckraking novels, The Octopus
  (1901) and The Pit (1903). Like Dreiser,
  he portrayed a society in which
  individuals had little power against the
  heartlessness of large corporations.
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                                           Ida Tarbell
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• Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857ミJanuary 6, 1944) was
  a teacher, author and journalist. She was known as one of the
  leading "muckrakers" of her day, work known in modern times
  as "investigative journalism." She wrote many notable magazine
  series and biographies. She is best-known for her 1904 book
  The History of the Standard Oil Company, which was listed
  number five among the top 100 works of twentieth-century
  American journalism by the New York Times in 1999. The
  inspiration for her book came from her father being put out of
  business by oil billionaire John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
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                                         Jacob Riis
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• Jacob August Riis (May 3, 1849 - May 26, 1914), a Danish-
  American muckraker journalist, photographer, and social
  reformer, was born in Ribe, Denmark. He is known for his
  dedication to using his photographic and journalistic talents to
  help the less fortunate in New York City, which was the subject
  of most of his prolific writings and photographic essays. He
  helped with the implementation of "model tenements" in New
  York with the help of humanitarian Lawrence Veiller. As one of
  the first photographers to use flash, he is considered a pioneer
  in photography.[1]
   What is the difference between
     news and commentary?
• Which video clips show news and which clips
  show commentary?
         What is news?
• News is information about a subject of
  some public interest that is shared and
  subject to the journalistic process of
    What is commentary?
• Commentary involves opinion which is a
  view, a judgment or an appraisal about
  a particular matter.
            Analyzing News
• A close examination of the ramifications of an
  important news situation.
• It includes thorough reporting, including the
  knowledge of the experts in the field, but also draws
  heavily on the expertise of the writer.
• The article helps the reader understand underlying
  causes or possible consequences of a news event,
  but does not reflect the writer’s personal opinion.
• More than one point of view is often offered.
       Analyzing Commentary
•   This is usually in the first person point of view.
•   It is a one sided argument.
•   It can include personal attacks or exaggerated comments.
•   Sometimes the speaker or author has dubious credentials, but not always.
•   Categories that include commentary -
    a) An editorial
    b) Op-Ed column
    c) Letters to the Editor
    d) Editorial cartoons
    e) Television commentary shows
    f) Blogs
     Be a responsible news
• Pay attention!
• Know who is speaking or writing. What are
  their credentials, or what is their point of view.
  - What organizations do they represent?
  -What do they have to gain from this piece?
• Are all sides of an argument represented?
• Determine if the piece is news or

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