Muckrakers: Past and Present Does the Public Have the Right to Know? Is this something we needed to know? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3 6T1fnIafC0 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T TBbHMEs0Uw • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_t _g1dIRTc8 What is the difference between good journalism and sensationalism? QuickTime™ an d a QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this p icture . are needed to see this picture. Before we can change things, we need to know about it. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baGk NL5qYkI What is a Muckraker? • The term muckraker most associated with a group of American investigative reporters, novelists and critics from the late 1800s to early 1900s, who investigated and exposed societal issues such as conditions in slums and prisons, factories, insane asylums (as they were called at the time), sweatshops, mines, child labor and unsanitary conditions in food processing plants. Muckrakers often wrote about impoverished people and took aim at the established institutions of society, sometimes in a sensationalist and tabloid manner. (See History of American newspapers for Muckrakers in the daily press). Muckrakers were often accused of being socialists or communists. In the early 1900s, muckrakers shed light on such issues by writing books and articles for popular magazines and newspapers such as Cosmopolitan, The Independent, and McClure's.The term muckraker now also applies to contemporary persons who follow in the tradition of that period, and now covers topics such as fraudulent claims by manufacturers of patent medicines, modern-day slavery, child prostitution, child pornography, and drug trafficking.Although the term muckraking might appear to have a negative connotation to it, muckrakers have often served the public interest by uncovering crime, corruption, waste, fraud and abuse in both the public and private sectors. (Wikipedia) QuickTime™ an d a TIFF ( Uncompres sed) decompr essor ar e need ed to s ee this p ictur e. Lincoln Steffens • Lincoln Steffens (1866-1936) was a muckraking editor and journalist. He helped to move the Progressive movement forward at the turn of the 20th century by exposing corruption in business and politics. He was born in San Francisco and raised in Sacramento. He graduated from the University of California, Berkeley. Steffens wrote a series of articles on graft in cities across the country, and gained a national readership. His articles were collected and released in the book The Shame of the Cities (1904). His best-known book, however, was his Autobiography (1931). Quic kTime™ and a n TIFF ( U compress ed) decompre ssor ar e neede d to s ee this picture. Frank Norris • Frank Norris (1870-1912) attacked the power of big business in America with his muckraking novels, The Octopus (1901) and The Pit (1903). Like Dreiser, he portrayed a society in which individuals had little power against the heartlessness of large corporations. Quic kTime™ an d a TIFF ( Uncompress ed) decompr essor Ida Tarbell ar e need ed to s ee this picture. • Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857ﾐJanuary 6, 1944) was a teacher, author and journalist. She was known as one of the leading "muckrakers" of her day, work known in modern times as "investigative journalism." She wrote many notable magazine series and biographies. She is best-known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company, which was listed number five among the top 100 works of twentieth-century American journalism by the New York Times in 1999. The inspiration for her book came from her father being put out of business by oil billionaire John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Quic kTime™ and a Jacob Riis n TIFF ( U compress ed) decompres sor ar e neede d to s ee this picture. • Jacob August Riis (May 3, 1849 - May 26, 1914), a Danish- American muckraker journalist, photographer, and social reformer, was born in Ribe, Denmark. He is known for his dedication to using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the less fortunate in New York City, which was the subject of most of his prolific writings and photographic essays. He helped with the implementation of "model tenements" in New York with the help of humanitarian Lawrence Veiller. As one of the first photographers to use flash, he is considered a pioneer in photography. What is the difference between news and commentary? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrYdf_xky oI • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nLlBW8A 76A • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KeUHj04eu Bw • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AhrXGot3J aI • Which video clips show news and which clips show commentary? What is news? • News is information about a subject of some public interest that is shared and subject to the journalistic process of verification. What is commentary? • Commentary involves opinion which is a view, a judgment or an appraisal about a particular matter. Analyzing News • A close examination of the ramifications of an important news situation. • It includes thorough reporting, including the knowledge of the experts in the field, but also draws heavily on the expertise of the writer. • The article helps the reader understand underlying causes or possible consequences of a news event, but does not reflect the writer’s personal opinion. • More than one point of view is often offered. Analyzing Commentary • This is usually in the first person point of view. • It is a one sided argument. • It can include personal attacks or exaggerated comments. • Sometimes the speaker or author has dubious credentials, but not always. • Categories that include commentary - a) An editorial b) Op-Ed column c) Letters to the Editor d) Editorial cartoons e) Television commentary shows f) Blogs Be a responsible news consumer! • Pay attention! • Know who is speaking or writing. What are their credentials, or what is their point of view. - What organizations do they represent? -What do they have to gain from this piece? • Are all sides of an argument represented? • Determine if the piece is news or commentary!
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